Information

Russell Kerr


Russell Kerr was born in 1921. Educated in Australia he obtained a degree in economics at Sydney University. During the Second World War he served in the Royal Air Force.

After the war he joined the Labour Party and was a member of the National Executive of the Association of Scientific Technical and Managerial Staffs. In 1960 he married Anne Kerr.

Kerr was elected to represent Feltham in the 1966 General Election. In the House of Commons Kerr associated with a group of left-wing members that included Konni Zilliacus, Ian Mikardo, Barbara Castle, Sydney Silverman, Geoffrey Bing and Emrys Hughes.

In 1966 Kerr joined Michael Foot, Konni Zilliacus, William Warbey, Anne Kerr, Stan Newens, Norman Atkinson, John Mendelson and Sydney Silverman in protesting against American intervention in Vietnam. However, Kerr and his friends were unable to persuade the Labour prime minister, Harold Wilson, to condemn US policy on Vietnam.

Kerr was chairman of the Tribune Group (1969-70) and the Select Committee on Nationalized Industries (1974-79).


Catalogue description Sir Russell Kerr

The papers listed below reflect Sir Russell Kerr's lifetime of public service and his family interests in the Forest of Dean. He had a keen sense of the value of history, and privately published A history of the family of Kerr in 1923.

For additional papers of the Kerr family see Gloucestershire Record Office D265, D2352, D2392 and D4562.

Kerr, Sir Russell James, 1863-1952, KB DL JP of Newnham, Gloucestershire

THESE DOCUMENTS ARE OPEN IMMEDIATELY FOR RESEARCH

Sir Russell James Kerr, KB DL JP (1863-1952) of The Haie, Newnham-on-Severn, and later of Hill House, Newnham, was called to the bar in 1887, and practised for some time on the Oxford circuit. He was appointed as a JP for Gloucestershire in 1893, and served as a Capt. and Hon. Major in the 3rd (Militia) Battalion of the Gloucestershire Regiment until 1902, and again during the First World War. He was promoted to Hon. Lt-Col. when he became a Deputy Lieutenant for the County in 1917. In 1910 he succeeded his father as lord of the manors of Newnham and Ruddle, and he also served as a Verderer of the Forest of Dean from 1916. He was elected as an alderman of the County Council in 1908 and became its Chairman from 1920-31 and also the Chairman of Quarter Sessions, 1929-36.

His eldest son was killed in the First World War, and his younger son and grandson in the Second World War. When he died in 1952, his property passed to his redoubtable daughter, Miss M. Joan Kerr (1897-1988), who continued to live at Newnham until her death.


รัสเซล เคอร์

เคอร์ได้รับการศึกษาที่ ฝั่งโรงเรียน , ซิดนีย์ , ซิดนีย์ คริสตจักรแห่งอังกฤษ โรงเรียนมัธยม และ มหาวิทยาลัยซิดนีย์ เขาเสิร์ฟกับ เบิกพล ของ กองทัพอากาศ ในช่วง สงครามโลกครั้งที่สอง เขากลายเป็นผู้อำนวย การสมาคมผังเมืองและประเทศ และเป็นผู้บริหารเช่าเหมาลำทางอากาศ เขาเป็นสมาชิกระดับชาติของ สมาคมพนักงานกำกับดูแล ผู้บริหาร และช่างเทคนิค ตั้งแต่ปี 2507

เคอร์เข้าร่วมประกวด ฮอร์แช ใน 1951 , เมอร์ตันและมอร์เดน ใน 1959 และ เพรสตันนอร์ท ใน 1964

เขาเป็น สมาชิกรัฐสภา สำหรับ Feltham จาก ปี 1966 ที่จะปี 1974 และ Feltham และสตัน จาก ปี 1974 ที่จะ ปี 1983 เขาสูญเสียที่นั่งในความพ่ายแพ้อย่างถล่มทลายในปีนั้นเป็นแรงงานเพื่อ อนุรักษ์นิยม แพทริคพื้น

ในปีพ.ศ. 2503 เขาได้แต่งงานกับ แอนน์ เคอร์ ต่อมาเป็นสมาชิกรัฐสภาของ โรเชสเตอร์และชาแธม ระหว่างปี 2507 ถึง พ.ศ. 2513

เมื่อวันที่ 15 พฤศจิกายน พ.ศ. 2526 เขาถูกพบว่าเสียชีวิตในรถของเขาในทวิคเกนแนม เชื่อกันว่าเขาเป็นโรคหลอดเลือดสมอง เขาอายุ 62

บทความเรื่องนี้ แรงงาน สมาชิก ของ รัฐสภาแห่งสหราชอาณาจักร (MP) คิดเป็น ภาษาอังกฤษ เลือกตั้งเป็น ต้นขั้ว คุณสามารถช่วยวิกิพีเดียโดย ขยาย


Kerr History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The earliest forms of hereditary surnames in Scotland were the patronymic surnames, which are derived from the father's given name, and metronymic surnames, which are derived from the mother's given name. Scottish patronymic names emerged as early as the mid-9th century. The patronyms were derived from a variety of given names that were of many different origins. The surname Kerr is derived from the Gaelic name O'Ciarain or O'Ceirin, which itself comes from the Gaelic word ciar, which means black or dark brown.

Set of 4 Coffee Mugs and Keychains

$69.95 $48.95

Early Origins of the Kerr family

The surname Kerr was first found in Lancashire (located in northwest England and dates back to 1180), where one of the earliest records of a progenitor of the Clan was a John Ker, hunter, resident of Soonhope in 1190 AD. He is believed to have received a grant of land from the Crown and settled in the Border country of Scotland soon after the Norman invasion moved northwards.

Within a century, two main branches evolved from two brothers, Ralph and John who lived near Jedburgh in c. 1330. They were both listed in the Roll of Battle Abbey as having descended from the Norman Karre. [1] The Kerrs of Cessford were descended from Ralph, and the Kerrs of Ferniehurst were descended from John.

Now we draw the reader's attention to a slightly different origin with a different timeline but similar. "Two brothers, of Anglo-Norman descent., who bore this name [Karre] are said to have settled in Scotland during the 13th century. No one known which was the elder of the two, for 'neither house would yield the superiority to the other, forming two distinct races of war-like Border chieftains.' The Kerrs of Fernihirst are represented by the Marquesses of Lothian, the Kers of Cessord by the Dukes of Roxburghe." [2]

We believe that the reference to the 13th century is a typo, as it should have read 14th century (the 1300's) not the 1200's.

Coat of Arms and Surname History Package

$24.95 $21.20

Early History of the Kerr family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kerr research. Another 172 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1130, 1205, 1264, 1296, 1350, 1553, 1609, 1606, 1570, 1650, 1616, 1578, 1654, 1570, 1650, 1675, 1605, 1675, 1615, 1684, 1624, 1690, 1680, 1741, 1600, 1797 and are included under the topic Early Kerr History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Unisex Coat of Arms Hooded Sweatshirt

Kerr Spelling Variations

The frequent translations of surnames from and into Gaelic, accounts for the multitude of spelling variations found in Scottish surnames. Furthermore, the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent because medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules. The different versions of a surname, such as the inclusion of the patronymic prefix "Mac", frequently indicated a religious or Clan affiliation, or even a division of the family. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into Scotland, accelerating accentuating the alterations to various surnames. The name Kerr has also been spelled Kerr, Car, Carr, Ker, Cearr (Gaelic) and many more.

Early Notables of the Kerr family (pre 1700)

Notable among the family at this time was Mark Kerr (1553-1609), of Ferniehurst, who was made 1st Earl of Lothian in 1606 Robert Ker (1570-1650) of Cessford, who was created the 1st Earl of Roxburghe in 1616 Robert Kerr (or Carr), 1st Earl of Ancram (c. 1578-1654), a Scottish nobleman and writer Robert Ker, 1st Earl of.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Kerr Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Kerr family to Ireland

Some of the Kerr family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 155 words (11 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Kerr migration +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Kerr Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Johan Kerr, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1728 [3]
  • Christian Kerr, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1733 [3]
  • Friederich Kerr, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1742 [3]
  • Barnard Kerr, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1745 [3]
  • Samuel Kerr, who landed in South Carolina in 1772 [3]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Kerr Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Kerr, who landed in Somerset County, Pennsylvania in 1802 [3]
  • Hannah Kerr, aged 25, who landed in New York, NY in 1803 [3]
  • Josiah Kerr, aged 28, who arrived in New York, NY in 1804 [3]
  • Alex Kerr, who arrived in America in 1805 [3]
  • Anne Kerr, who arrived in America in 1805 [3]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Kerr Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

Kerr migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Kerr Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • William Kerr of St. John's, Newfoundland in the late 1700's [4]
  • Dr. Kerr Robert U.E. (b. 1755) born in Scotland, United Kingdom from New York, USA who arrived in Quebec c. 1779, moving are required before settling in Fredericksburgh, Cataraqui township by 1789 he served in the 2nd Battalion of the Kings Royal Rangers of New York before being captured in 1777, escaping in 1779 he was a Assistant Surgeon, he married Elizabeth Brant Johnson in 1783 having 5 children, he died in 1824 [5]
  • Capt. Kerr James U.E. (b. 1754) who settled in Parr Town [Saint John], New Brunswick c. 1784 he served in the Queens Rangers, died in 1830 in Amherst, Nova Scotia [5]
  • Mr. Kerr James U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [5]
Kerr Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • John Campbell Kerr, aged 22, a saddler, who arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
  • John Kerr, who arrived in Canada in 1815
  • John Kerr, aged 27, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "William" from Cork, Ireland
  • Bess Kerr, aged 13, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Betsy Heron" from Belfast, Ireland
  • Peggy Kerr, aged 19, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Betsy Heron" from Belfast, Ireland
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Kerr migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Kerr Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Henry Kerr, Scottish convict from Edinburgh, who was transported aboard the "Agamemnon" on April 22, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia[6]
  • Thomas Kerr, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Glenswilly" in 1839 [7]
  • Mr. William Kerr, Canadian convict who was convicted in Quebec, Canada for 7 years, transported aboard the "Canton" on 20th September 1839, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land), transported from Quebec to England[8]
  • James Kerr, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "John" in 1840 [9]
  • Mr. James Kerr, (b. 1812), aged 28, English gardener fromLondon, England, UK travelling aboard the ship "Orient" arriving in Port Phillip, New South Wales, Australia on 13th December 1840 [10]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Kerr migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Kerr Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Alexander Kerr, aged 14, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
  • John Kerr, aged 41, a farmer, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
  • Janet Kerr, aged 42, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
  • James Kerr, aged 20, a farmer, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
  • David Kerr, aged 18, a farmer, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Kerr (post 1700) +

  • James "Jim" Kerr (b. 1959), Scottish musician and singer-songwriter, member of the Scottish rock band Simple Minds, perhaps best known for their 1985 hit "Don't You (Forget About Me)"
  • William Alexander Kerr VC (1831-1919), Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • John Graham Kerr (1869-1957), Scottish embryologist and Member of Parliament
  • Michael "Mick" Kerr (1934-2021), Northern Irish Gaelic football player, manager and administrator
  • Brian Francis Kerr PC (1948-2020), BaronKerr of Tonaghmore, British barrister and senior judge, Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland (2004-2009)
  • Mr. Paul Andrew Kerr B.E.M., British recipient of Medallist of the British Empire Medal 29th December 2018 for services to Mountain Rescue and to the community in Cheshire[11]
  • Philip Ballantyne Kerr (1956-2018), British author, best known for his Bernie Gunther series of 13 thrillers
  • John Michael Kerr (1950-2016), American author, best known for his non fiction book A Most Dangerous Method
  • Robert Kerr (1882-1963), Canadian gold and bronze Olympic medalist for running at the 1904 and 1908 games
  • Brigadier-General Francis Rusher Kerr (1890-1975), American Assistant Administrator of Veteran Affairs (1946) [12]
  • . (Another 16 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Kerr family +

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Mr. Geoffrey Ian Hamilton Kerr (1958-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Wanganui, North Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus he died in the crash [13]
  • Mr. Francis Ronald Kerr (1930-1979), New Zealander passenger, from New Lynn, Auckland, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus he died in the crash [13]
  • Mrs. Betty Kerr (d. 1979), New Zealander passenger, from New Lynn, Auckland, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus she died in the crash [13]
Bradford City stadium fire
  • Walter Kerr (1909-1985), from Bradford who attended the Bradford City and Lincoln City Third Division match on 11th May 1985 when the Bradford City stadium fire occurred and he died in the fire
Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Peter Kerr (1875-1914), Scottish Third Class Passenger from Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [14]
  • Miss Sarah Kerr (1901-1914), Scottish Third Class Passenger from Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [14]
  • Mrs. Mary Currie Kerr (1875-1914), née Russell Scottish Third Class Passenger from Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [14]
  • Master George Kerr (1906-1914), Scottish Third Class Passenger from Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [14]
  • Miss Maggie Kerr (1902-1914), Scottish Third Class Passenger from Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [14]
  • . (Another 2 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Dorsetshire
  • George Kerr (d. 1945), British Ordinary Seaman aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk he died in the sinking [15]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Raymond W Kerr (b. 1923), English Boy 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Wallsend, Northumberland, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [16]
  • Mr. Alexander Kerr (b. 1919), English Engine Room Artificer 5th Class serving for the Royal Navy from Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [16]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. David Kerr, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [17]
  • Mr. Hugh Kerr, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [17]
  • Mr. Robert G Kerr, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [17]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Richard J. Kerr, British Petty Officer with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk he survived the sinking [18]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Thomas Russell Kerr (d. 1912), aged 26, English Fireman/Stoker from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [19]

Related Stories +

The Kerr Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Sero sed serio
Motto Translation: Late but in earnest.


KERR Genealogy

WikiTree is a community of genealogists growing an increasingly-accurate collaborative family tree that's 100% free for everyone forever. Please join us.

Please join us in collaborating on KERR family trees. We need the help of good genealogists to grow a completely free shared family tree to connect us all.

IMPORTANT PRIVACY NOTICE & DISCLAIMER: YOU HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO USE CAUTION WHEN DISTRIBUTING PRIVATE INFORMATION. WIKITREE PROTECTS MOST SENSITIVE INFORMATION BUT ONLY TO THE EXTENT STATED IN THE TERMS OF SERVICE AND PRIVACY POLICY.


Kerr History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The well known Kerr surname has long existed in Ireland, and originates from several distinct sources. In County Galway it was an Anglicization of O Carra, a patronymic name referring to a descendant of Carra the word Carra in turn meant "spear." in County Donegal, Kerr was the Anglicized form of Mac Giolla Chathair. Many who bear the Kerr name in Ireland are descendents of emigrants of Scottish or English stock, who brought the name with them. In Ireland, many bearers changed their name over time from Kerrane or Kerr to Carr. In turn the name Carr in Ireland has in some instance morphed into Carey.

Set of 4 Coffee Mugs and Keychains

$69.95 $48.95

Early Origins of the Kerr family

The surname Kerr was first found in Connacht (Irish: Connachta, (land of the) descendants of Conn), where in 1095, the annals of Loch Cé list the death of Muirchertach Ua Cairre, "steward of Cenél Aengusa and royal heir of Oilech.".

Coat of Arms and Surname History Package

$24.95 $21.20

Early History of the Kerr family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kerr research. Another 85 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1260, 1779, 1849, and 1866 are included under the topic Early Kerr History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Unisex Coat of Arms Hooded Sweatshirt

Kerr Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Carr, Kerr, O'Carr, O'Carry, MacCarry, Kerrane and many more.

Early Notables of the Kerr family (pre 1700)

Another 30 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Kerr Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Kerr migration +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Kerr Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Johan Kerr, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1728 [1]
  • Christian Kerr, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1733 [1]
  • Friederich Kerr, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1742 [1]
  • Barnard Kerr, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1745 [1]
  • Samuel Kerr, who landed in South Carolina in 1772 [1]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Kerr Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Kerr, who landed in Somerset County, Pennsylvania in 1802 [1]
  • Hannah Kerr, aged 25, who landed in New York, NY in 1803 [1]
  • Josiah Kerr, aged 28, who arrived in New York, NY in 1804 [1]
  • Alex Kerr, who arrived in America in 1805 [1]
  • Anne Kerr, who arrived in America in 1805 [1]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Kerr Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

Kerr migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Kerr Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • William Kerr of St. John's, Newfoundland in the late 1700's [2]
  • Dr. Kerr Robert U.E. (b. 1755) born in Scotland, United Kingdom from New York, USA who arrived in Quebec c. 1779, moving are required before settling in Fredericksburgh, Cataraqui township by 1789 he served in the 2nd Battalion of the Kings Royal Rangers of New York before being captured in 1777, escaping in 1779 he was a Assistant Surgeon, he married Elizabeth Brant Johnson in 1783 having 5 children, he died in 1824 [3]
  • Capt. Kerr James U.E. (b. 1754) who settled in Parr Town [Saint John], New Brunswick c. 1784 he served in the Queens Rangers, died in 1830 in Amherst, Nova Scotia [3]
  • Mr. Kerr James U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [3]
Kerr Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • John Campbell Kerr, aged 22, a saddler, who arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
  • John Kerr, who arrived in Canada in 1815
  • John Kerr, aged 27, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "William" from Cork, Ireland
  • Bess Kerr, aged 13, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Betsy Heron" from Belfast, Ireland
  • Peggy Kerr, aged 19, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Betsy Heron" from Belfast, Ireland
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Kerr migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Kerr Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Henry Kerr, Scottish convict from Edinburgh, who was transported aboard the "Agamemnon" on April 22, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia[4]
  • Thomas Kerr, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Glenswilly" in 1839 [5]
  • Mr. William Kerr, Canadian convict who was convicted in Quebec, Canada for 7 years, transported aboard the "Canton" on 20th September 1839, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land), transported from Quebec to England[6]
  • James Kerr, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "John" in 1840 [7]
  • Mr. James Kerr, (b. 1812), aged 28, English gardener fromLondon, England, UK travelling aboard the ship "Orient" arriving in Port Phillip, New South Wales, Australia on 13th December 1840 [8]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Kerr migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Kerr Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Alexander Kerr, aged 14, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
  • John Kerr, aged 41, a farmer, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
  • Janet Kerr, aged 42, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
  • James Kerr, aged 20, a farmer, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
  • David Kerr, aged 18, a farmer, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Kerr (post 1700) +

  • Michael "Mick" Kerr (1934-2021), Northern Irish Gaelic football player, manager and administrator
  • Brian Francis Kerr PC (1948-2020), BaronKerr of Tonaghmore, British barrister and senior judge, Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland (2004-2009)
  • Mr. Paul Andrew Kerr B.E.M., British recipient of Medallist of the British Empire Medal 29th December 2018 for services to Mountain Rescue and to the community in Cheshire[9]
  • Philip Ballantyne Kerr (1956-2018), British author, best known for his Bernie Gunther series of 13 thrillers
  • John Michael Kerr (1950-2016), American author, best known for his non fiction book A Most Dangerous Method
  • James "Jim" Kerr (b. 1959), Scottish musician and singer-songwriter, member of the Scottish rock band Simple Minds, perhaps best known for their 1985 hit "Don't You (Forget About Me)"
  • Robert Kerr (1882-1963), Canadian gold and bronze Olympic medalist for running at the 1904 and 1908 games
  • Brigadier-General Francis Rusher Kerr (1890-1975), American Assistant Administrator of Veteran Affairs (1946) [10]
  • John Graham Kerr (1869-1957), Scottish embryologist and Member of Parliament
  • Malcolm Kerr (b. 1950), Australian politician
  • . (Another 16 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Kerr family +

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Mr. Geoffrey Ian Hamilton Kerr (1958-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Wanganui, North Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus he died in the crash [11]
  • Mr. Francis Ronald Kerr (1930-1979), New Zealander passenger, from New Lynn, Auckland, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus he died in the crash [11]
  • Mrs. Betty Kerr (d. 1979), New Zealander passenger, from New Lynn, Auckland, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus she died in the crash [11]
Bradford City stadium fire
  • Walter Kerr (1909-1985), from Bradford who attended the Bradford City and Lincoln City Third Division match on 11th May 1985 when the Bradford City stadium fire occurred and he died in the fire
Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Peter Kerr (1875-1914), Scottish Third Class Passenger from Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [12]
  • Miss Sarah Kerr (1901-1914), Scottish Third Class Passenger from Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mrs. Mary Currie Kerr (1875-1914), née Russell Scottish Third Class Passenger from Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [12]
  • Master George Kerr (1906-1914), Scottish Third Class Passenger from Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [12]
  • Miss Maggie Kerr (1902-1914), Scottish Third Class Passenger from Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [12]
  • . (Another 2 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Dorsetshire
  • George Kerr (d. 1945), British Ordinary Seaman aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk he died in the sinking [13]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Raymond W Kerr (b. 1923), English Boy 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Wallsend, Northumberland, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [14]
  • Mr. Alexander Kerr (b. 1919), English Engine Room Artificer 5th Class serving for the Royal Navy from Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [14]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. David Kerr, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Hugh Kerr, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Robert G Kerr, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [15]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Richard J. Kerr, British Petty Officer with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk he survived the sinking [16]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Thomas Russell Kerr (d. 1912), aged 26, English Fireman/Stoker from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [17]

Related Stories +

The Kerr Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Fida Clavo
Motto Translation: Sure and Nail


Coach's Clipboard: How Golden State Warriors head coach Steve Kerr can get the most out of D'Angelo Russell

While the fit may seem complicated on the surface, there are a number of ways that Golden State's head coach can utilize the strengths of the team's newest All-Star to usher in a new era of Warriors basketball.

https://images.daznservices.com/di/library/NBA_Global_CMS_image_storage/a4/c3/gil_1otiazib746yg1xyqqyeknf7ks.jpg?t=1317724849&w=500 By Gilbert McGregor @GMcGregor21

Steve Kerr (NBA Canada Illustrations) https://images.daznservices.com/di/library/NBA_Global_CMS_image_storage/12/93/nba-coaches-clipboard-scott-kerrjpg_jecsrt06i5kn16p12r7r605g2.jpg?t=-1692737692&w=500

The 2019-20 NBA season will see the Golden State Warriors look much different than they have in years past.

Gone are Kevin Durant, Andre Iguodala and Shaun Livingston, as well as the more recent acquisitions of DeMarcus Cousins, Quinn Cook and Jordan Bell.

The torn ACL suffered by All-Star guard Klay Thompson in the Finals only makes matters worse, as he'll likely miss the better part of the regular season.

On opening night, Stephen Curry, Draymond Green and head coach Steve Kerr will be the biggest remaining constants from when the team's magical run began in 2014.

While it's hard to find positives in an offseason that saw so much talent leave, the Warriors softened the blow as best as they could by acquiring D'Angelo Russell in exchange for Durant, signing Willie Cauley-Stein, adding young talent through the draft and ensuring Thompson, Green and Kevon Looney would remain a part of the franchise's future with contract agreements.

https://images.daznservices.com/di/library/NBA_Global_CMS_image_storage/3e/5d/stephen-curry-dangelo-russell_krsq49zzqalu11i3k5qidny58.jpg?t=-1377327893&w=500

Still, Kerr will have his work cut out for him considering the number of changes abound. How can he bring it all together?

By many accounts, Kerr is a player's coach. In 2014, he inherited a 51-win team fresh off of a first-round loss and led them to a title in his first year as a head coach, the first of three titles in five straight Finals appearances. Having won five titles as a player under Phil Jackson and Gregg Popovich, Kerr has learned from the best on how to resonate with his players.

It should come as no surprise that Russell told Alex Kennedy of HoopsHype that he feels Kerr "brings out the best in his players and puts them in roles where they can [be themselves]. I'm really excited about that … He's a coach who allows you to do what you do best."

Last season - the best of Russell's young career - he showed plenty of what he does best, posting averages of 21.1 points, 7.0 assists and 3.9 rebounds over 81 games, but largely did so as a result of how ball-dominant he was.

Perhaps the most telling stat that illustrates how much Russell had the ball in his hands last season is his 11.4 possessions per game as the pick-and-roll ball handler - the second most in the league behind only Kemba Walker (11.8), per NBA.com Stats.

https://images.daznservices.com/di/library/NBA_Global_CMS_image_storage/c4/22/kemba-dangelo-022519-ftr-nba-getty_1g6co3ixo1b1ccv4squwtz42.jpg?t=632531361&w=500

Now, alongside Curry and Green, the situations in which Russell will get the ball are sure to change, a fact that he acknowledged in his interview with Kennedy.

"It's a situation where I can go in and not worry about being on-the-ball or off-ball or coming off the bench or whatever. I am just being a basketball player. If I have the ball in my hands, I'll make a play. If I don't, I'll try to get in position to make a play. I think that's what it comes down to.

That's where Kerr comes in.

When asked about the offseason addition of Russell, Kerr told reporters at USA Basketball Training Camp that "I think he's going to fit right in with our group and we're gonna need him desperately, without Klay especially … it's up to us to figure it out."

As the team's presumed starting shooting guard in Thompson's absence, it's fair to assume that Russell will be looked upon to replace his production on the offensive end, but can he do it in similar situations?

Per NBA.com Stats, Thompson led the league in scoring off of screens last season with 568 points while Russell scored just 47 points off screens for the entire year.

Russell has shown the capability to score off of screens, as he does below:

It just hasn't been a big part of his game to this point of his career.

Still, Kerr could still look to adjust things offensively for the Warriors to play more to their newest acquisition's strengths.

Last season, Stephen Curry averaged 5.1 possessions per game as the ball handler in pick-and-roll situations. Him running more of those could help unlock Russell as an off-ball threat. Over half of Russell's career-high 234 3-pointers last season were assisted, often coming in situations when he spaces out, as he does here:

To mirror this sequence with the Warriors, Kerr could increase the frequency with which we see Green as the roll or pop man after setting a screen for Curry or another ball-handler, as he's proven himself as one of the best playmaking forwards in the NBA.

Cauley-Stein was one of the most used ball screeners in the league last season and tied a career-high with 2.4 assists per game. While he shouldn't be expected to make plays in a manner similar to Green, an aggressive roll or dive from the 7-footer could command the attention of help defenders to free shooters like Russell for catch-and-shoot 3s, which he knocked down 39.4% of last season.

Still, what is perhaps the biggest looming question is what happens when Thompson returns from injury? Can Kerr institute a three-guard lineup with Curry, Russell and Thompson?

At 6-foot-5, Russell has enough size to play shooting guard while the 6-foot-7 Thompson can slide to the small forward position. During his time as a Net, Russell often shared the backcourt with prolific Brooklyn guard Spencer Dinwiddie.

Another encouraging sign for the fit? Last season, Brooklyn's deadeye shooter, Joe Harris, assisted Russell more than any other teammate, largely due to the gravity provided by his elite shooting ability.

As two of the greatest shooters of all-time, both Thompson and Curry command similar attention from defences, meaning tough decisions must be made on the perimeter. Russell could very well end up as the beneficiary, meaning he has the potential to again have a big season, albeit in a different manner than last.

History - and the tape - indicate that D'Angelo Russell's fit with the Golden State Warriors could keep them atop the West's elite. As "desperately" as Steve Kerr says they need him, it could all be as simple as Russell's deviation from ball dominance and Kerr adding wrinkles to the offence that allow him to be the beneficiary of the attention the other Warriors command.

Kerr has almost seamlessly incorporated talent in years past, and this time should be no different.


June Kerr (1932–2018)

Russell Kerr has been the treasured father of ballet in New Zealand since he returned here in 1957 after some years dancing in UK, where he had married fellow dancer, June Greenhalgh. His directorship of New Zealand Ballet in 1960s was a visionary and courageous one and his loyal contribution has continued in all the years since. June danced in the celebrated United Ballet seasons of 1959–1960, but then became the mother of two children. Her contribution to ballet in this country may not have been as publicly visible as her husband’s but it was just as real, and she was with him every step of the way.

June Kerr, nee Greenhalgh, was born in 1932, in Southend-on-Sea, England, the youngest of three children. Her father had started his seafaring career on sailing ships and later became a merchant navy captain while her mother held the home fires during his extended periods of time away at sea.

As a child June attended the Cone-Ripman school where the curriculum combined general education with ballet and related theatre-arts training. Originally based in London but relocated during WWII to Hertfordshire, it later became known as Arts Educational School.

Anton Dolin, having danced with Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes, became a pioneer of ballet in England (and toured New Zealand with the Covent Garden Russian Ballet in late 1930s). Dolin visited the Cone-Ripman school after World War II and selected 12 young dancers, June Greenhalgh among them, to join a troupe he and Alicia Markova were forming. This later developed into a permanent London-based company, Festival Ballet, of which June was thus a foundation member. (Renamed English National Ballet in 1989, this is the company that performed a season of Giselle in Auckland earlier this year. The ballet world sits across national boundaries and through time, its best dancers becoming citizens of an international ‘country’).

In 1952 Anne Rowse, a young New Zealand dancer training in London, also joined Festival Ballet, and she and June became instant friends. Anne spoke movingly at the funeral of the lifelong friendship that ensued.

June Greenhalgh in Ruth Page’s The Merry Widow/Vilia. Festival Ballet 1953

In 1953 another young New Zealander, Russell Kerr, joined Festival Ballet. He and June held hands, but he explained to her they’d better not get too serious because he would at some stage be returning to New Zealand, feeling a moral obligation to do that on account of the Government bursary he had been awarded. ‘Not a problem. I’d come too,’ replied June, and so they were married without delay.

Festival Ballet, under the Polish impresario Julian Braunsweg, toured and performed in UK, Europe, Canada and US with memorable programs, and the likes of Igor Stravinsky conducting in the pit. In 1957 the Kerrs left all that behind and came to settle in New Zealand. (Lucky I was, to be a child pupil at Nettleton-Edwards School of Ballet in Auckland where Russell became a partner. I continue to learn from him to this day).

Make no mistake—Russell would become the lion, and June the lioness, of ballet in this country when they moved to Wellington in 1962 and he became director of New Zealand Ballet. (Poul and Rigmor Gnatt had been the pioneering tiger and tigress who preceded them, since 1953). With unstinting loyalty, Kerr delivered pedigree standards of heritage repertoire (Swan Lake, Petrouchka, Prince Igor, Schéhérazade, Coppélia, Nutcracker, and much more), to put New Zealand firmly on the world ballet map. His own choreographic output was enormously prolific and gave the Company some of its greatest hits—Prismatic Variations, Carnival of the Animals, Peter Pan, A Christmas Carol, Terrible Tom … it’s a very long list.

The spouse of such a driven choreographer is the supportive, attentive, unpaid and often invisible, kindest critic who stays calm and acts as a beacon when storms rage and finances plummet—or, in the Kerrs’ case, when Russell worked himself close to death to sustain the company endeavour, through to 1969. A disastrous fire that had destroyed almost all the Company’s resources in 1967 had not helped.

There were later periods directing Auckland Dance Centre, then the Kerrs moved to Christchurch which would remain their home until today. Southern Ballet Theatre was a highly enterprising initiative and for years productions were mounted there on a miniature scale but uncompromising in dance and music standards. There were numerous collaborations with composer, Philip Norman, and designer, Peter Lees-Jeffries, so Christchurch was well served in that time. No-one can remember how it was financed probably because there was no budget worth remembering.

June would accompany Russell to Wellington whenever he was engaged by Royal New Zealand Ballet to stage a production on the company. She was always so pleased to walk in the Botanical Gardens, to visit a gallery, or over a coffee to swap family news, always with the kindest interest and sweetest nature. ‘No I won’t have another coffee thanks. I’ll be meeting Russell for lunch in the rehearsal break so I’ll have one with him then.’ In later years the dear couple would still venture out together to a local café and continue their lifelong habit of people-watching in public places. ‘That’s where you learn about different characters—how they move, what they look like, you can guess much of their experiences from such things. It’s like research for choreography,’ Russell would say.

They were still holding hands when June died last week. The photos on the order of service show a fine-boned, wide-eyed, gorgeous redhead, gamine beauty, a shade reminiscent of Moira Shearer (the ballerina in the famed film, The Red Shoes ). Ballet in New Zealand owes much to the Kerr family.

In 1940, June, aged 8, was on the list of children to be repatriated out of war-time London to live out the duration of the war elsewhere, in her case on the SS City of Benares to Canada. For reasons never explained, her parents removed their daughter from the passenger list the day before it sailed, and just as well because the ship was torpedoed in mid-Atlantic.

June would later tell that story, and when asked ‘What happened to the 90 children on board?’ would answer ‘Oh, they were all saved’ and she went to her grave believing that to be so. In fact, 77 of the 90 children on board died, but it’s a reasonable guess June’s parents believed that an 8-year-old didn’t need to know that. It was a heart-stopping moment at the funeral to learn about what was probably the only ‘lie’ anyone ever told to this kind and trusting woman

June Kerr: Born South-end-on Sea, England, 12 June 1932 married Russell Kerr, 1 son, 1 daughter died Christchurch, New Zealand, 29 October 2018

A version of this obituary first appeared in The Dominion Post on 24 November 2018. Sources: Russell Kerr, David Kerr, Anne Rowse, Keith McEwing.

Jennifer Shennan, 25 November 2018

Featured image: June Greenhalgh & Russell Kerr in Prismatic Variations. Choreographed by Russell Kerr and Poul Gnatt designed by Raymond Boyce. New Zealand Ballet 1960. Photo: © John Ashton


Coach's Clipboard: How Golden State Warriors head coach Steve Kerr can get the most out of D'Angelo Russell

While the fit may seem complicated on the surface, there are a number of ways that Golden State's head coach can utilize the strengths of the team's newest All-Star to usher in a new era of Warriors basketball.

https://images.daznservices.com/di/library/NBA_Global_CMS_image_storage/a4/c3/gil_1otiazib746yg1xyqqyeknf7ks.jpg?t=1317724849&w=500 By Gilbert McGregor @GMcGregor21

Steve Kerr (NBA Canada Illustrations) https://images.daznservices.com/di/library/NBA_Global_CMS_image_storage/12/93/nba-coaches-clipboard-scott-kerrjpg_jecsrt06i5kn16p12r7r605g2.jpg?t=-1692737692&w=500

The 2019-20 NBA season will see the Golden State Warriors look much different than they have in years past.

Gone are Kevin Durant, Andre Iguodala and Shaun Livingston, as well as the more recent acquisitions of DeMarcus Cousins, Quinn Cook and Jordan Bell.

The torn ACL suffered by All-Star guard Klay Thompson in the Finals only makes matters worse, as he'll likely miss the better part of the regular season.

On opening night, Stephen Curry, Draymond Green and head coach Steve Kerr will be the biggest remaining constants from when the team's magical run began in 2014.

While it's hard to find positives in an offseason that saw so much talent leave, the Warriors softened the blow as best as they could by acquiring D'Angelo Russell in exchange for Durant, signing Willie Cauley-Stein, adding young talent through the draft and ensuring Thompson, Green and Kevon Looney would remain a part of the franchise's future with contract agreements.

https://images.daznservices.com/di/library/NBA_Global_CMS_image_storage/3e/5d/stephen-curry-dangelo-russell_krsq49zzqalu11i3k5qidny58.jpg?t=-1377327893&w=500

Still, Kerr will have his work cut out for him considering the number of changes abound. How can he bring it all together?

By many accounts, Kerr is a player's coach. In 2014, he inherited a 51-win team fresh off of a first-round loss and led them to a title in his first year as a head coach, the first of three titles in five straight Finals appearances. Having won five titles as a player under Phil Jackson and Gregg Popovich, Kerr has learned from the best on how to resonate with his players.

It should come as no surprise that Russell told Alex Kennedy of HoopsHype that he feels Kerr "brings out the best in his players and puts them in roles where they can [be themselves]. I'm really excited about that … He's a coach who allows you to do what you do best."

Last season - the best of Russell's young career - he showed plenty of what he does best, posting averages of 21.1 points, 7.0 assists and 3.9 rebounds over 81 games, but largely did so as a result of how ball-dominant he was.

Perhaps the most telling stat that illustrates how much Russell had the ball in his hands last season is his 11.4 possessions per game as the pick-and-roll ball handler - the second most in the league behind only Kemba Walker (11.8), per NBA.com Stats.

https://images.daznservices.com/di/library/NBA_Global_CMS_image_storage/c4/22/kemba-dangelo-022519-ftr-nba-getty_1g6co3ixo1b1ccv4squwtz42.jpg?t=632531361&w=500

Now, alongside Curry and Green, the situations in which Russell will get the ball are sure to change, a fact that he acknowledged in his interview with Kennedy.

"It's a situation where I can go in and not worry about being on-the-ball or off-ball or coming off the bench or whatever. I am just being a basketball player. If I have the ball in my hands, I'll make a play. If I don't, I'll try to get in position to make a play. I think that's what it comes down to.

That's where Kerr comes in.

When asked about the offseason addition of Russell, Kerr told reporters at USA Basketball Training Camp that "I think he's going to fit right in with our group and we're gonna need him desperately, without Klay especially … it's up to us to figure it out."

As the team's presumed starting shooting guard in Thompson's absence, it's fair to assume that Russell will be looked upon to replace his production on the offensive end, but can he do it in similar situations?

Per NBA.com Stats, Thompson led the league in scoring off of screens last season with 568 points while Russell scored just 47 points off screens for the entire year.

Russell has shown the capability to score off of screens, as he does below:

It just hasn't been a big part of his game to this point of his career.

Still, Kerr could still look to adjust things offensively for the Warriors to play more to their newest acquisition's strengths.

Last season, Stephen Curry averaged 5.1 possessions per game as the ball handler in pick-and-roll situations. Him running more of those could help unlock Russell as an off-ball threat. Over half of Russell's career-high 234 3-pointers last season were assisted, often coming in situations when he spaces out, as he does here:

To mirror this sequence with the Warriors, Kerr could increase the frequency with which we see Green as the roll or pop man after setting a screen for Curry or another ball-handler, as he's proven himself as one of the best playmaking forwards in the NBA.

Cauley-Stein was one of the most used ball screeners in the league last season and tied a career-high with 2.4 assists per game. While he shouldn't be expected to make plays in a manner similar to Green, an aggressive roll or dive from the 7-footer could command the attention of help defenders to free shooters like Russell for catch-and-shoot 3s, which he knocked down 39.4% of last season.

Still, what is perhaps the biggest looming question is what happens when Thompson returns from injury? Can Kerr institute a three-guard lineup with Curry, Russell and Thompson?

At 6-foot-5, Russell has enough size to play shooting guard while the 6-foot-7 Thompson can slide to the small forward position. During his time as a Net, Russell often shared the backcourt with prolific Brooklyn guard Spencer Dinwiddie.

Another encouraging sign for the fit? Last season, Brooklyn's deadeye shooter, Joe Harris, assisted Russell more than any other teammate, largely due to the gravity provided by his elite shooting ability.

As two of the greatest shooters of all-time, both Thompson and Curry command similar attention from defences, meaning tough decisions must be made on the perimeter. Russell could very well end up as the beneficiary, meaning he has the potential to again have a big season, albeit in a different manner than last.

History - and the tape - indicate that D'Angelo Russell's fit with the Golden State Warriors could keep them atop the West's elite. As "desperately" as Steve Kerr says they need him, it could all be as simple as Russell's deviation from ball dominance and Kerr adding wrinkles to the offence that allow him to be the beneficiary of the attention the other Warriors command.

Kerr has almost seamlessly incorporated talent in years past, and this time should be no different.


On 15 November 1983 he was found dead in his car in Twickenham he was believed to have suffered a stroke. He was aged 62.



Information as of: 13.07.2020 12:17:19 CEST

Changes: All pictures and most design elements which are related to those, were removed. Some Icons were replaced by FontAwesome-Icons. Some templates were removed (like “article needs expansion) or assigned (like “hatnotes”). CSS classes were either removed or harmonized.
Wikipedia specific links which do not lead to an article or category (like “Redlinks”, “links to the edit page”, “links to portals”) were removed. Every external link has an additional FontAwesome-Icon. Beside some small changes of design, media-container, maps, navigation-boxes, spoken versions and Geo-microformats were removed.