Czechoslovakia came under communist influence when communist groups led resistance against German occupation during World War II. In 1945, the country was liberated by Soviet forces, which took an active role in Czechoslovakia's postwar politics.
Central African Republic govt resigns
Central African Republic Prime Minister Firmin Ngrebada and his government resigned on Thursday, setting the stage for a political reshuffle in an impoverished country struggling with a rebellion and a bustup with its traditional ally France.
The premier announced his resignation on Twitter, but President Faustin Archange Touadera's spokesman told AFP he could be tapped to lead a refreshed administration.
"We will know within a few hours if the president keeps the prime minister on," Albert Yaloke Mokpeme said.
A former chief of staff to Touadera, Ngrebada had been in post since early 2019 in Central African Republic (CAR), rated the second least-developed country in the world by the UN and suffering from the aftermath of a civil conflict that erupted in 2013.
He had helped craft a February 2019 peace deal signed with rebel groups in Khartoum.
Touadera was re-elected in December on a turnout of fewer than one in three voters.
The ballot was hampered by armed groups that at the time controlled around two-thirds of the country, and a rebel coalition mounted an offensive on the capital Bangui in the runup to polling day.
Legislative elections have since left Touadera's United Hearts Movement (MCU) short of a parliamentary majority.
Political scientists nevertheless say that in key votes he can count on the backing of large numbers of independent MPs, many formerly associated with the party.
Since December, the army, backed by the 12,000-strong UN MINUSCA peacekeepers, Rwandan special forces and Russian paramilitaries, has wrested much of the territory from rebel control.
The Russians especially are credited with with strengthening the otherwise poorly-equipped national army.
At the same time, ties with traditional ally and former colonial power France have been badly fraying.
Paris on Monday froze financial aid and suspended military cooperation, accusing Bangui of complicity in a Russian-organised disinformation campaign against France.
The anger was sparked after a French national, Juan Remy Quignolot, was arrested in Bangui on May 10. An image of him with an arsenal of weapons was distributed on social media.
On Wednesday, CAR prosecutors accused Quignolot of espionage and conspiracy and harming domestic security.
France has long played a key role in the CAR since the impoverished landlocked country gained independence in 1960.
It intervened militarily to help still a bloody conflict that erupted along sectarian lines after the then president, Francois Bozize, was toppled by predominantly Muslim rebels in 2013.
Tensions over the CAR's friendship with Russia date back to 2018, when the Kremlin sent weapons and a large contingent of "instructors" to train the CAR's beleaguered armed forces.
It has also stepped up investment in the CAR's mining sector. The country's riches include gold, diamonds, copper and uranium.
Last week, Ngrebada was in St. Petersburg, where he strove to persuade Russian leaders to invest further.
Despite the relative lull in violence today, the country remains deeply poor and in need of help.
Conflict displaced hundreds of thousands of people in the first months of the year, while around half the population is facing "high levels of acute food insecurity," according to the UN.
Note that the information in this list is subject to change due to regular personnel changes resulting from retirements and reassignments. The State Department posts updated lists of ambassadors approximately monthly, accessible via an interactive menu-based website. 
|Host country||List||Ambassador||Background||Website||Position established||Confirmed|
|Afghanistan||List||Vacant since January 6, 2020 |
Ross Wilson Chargé d'Affaires
|Albania||List||Yuri Kim||CD||Tirana ||1922||December 19, 2019|
|Algeria||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Gautam Rana Chargé d'Affaires
|Andorra ||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Conrad Tribble Chargé d'Affaires ad interim
|Angola||List||Nina Maria Fite||CD||Luanda||1994||November 2, 2017|
|Antigua and Barbuda ||List||Linda Swartz Taglialatela ||CD||Bridgetown||1981||December 9, 2015|
|Argentina||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
MaryKay Carlson Chargé d'Affaires
|Armenia||List||Lynne M. Tracy||CD||Yerevan ||1993||January 2, 2019|
|Australia||List||Vacant since January 19, 2021 |
Michael B. Goldman, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
|Austria||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Robin Dunnigan Chargé d'Affaires
|Azerbaijan||List||Earle D. Litzenberger||CD||Baku||1992||January 2, 2019|
|Bahamas||List||Vacant since November 21, 2011 |
Usha E. Pitts, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
|Bahrain||List||Vacant since July 13, 2020 |
Maggie Nardi Chargé d'Affaires
|Bangladesh||List||Earl R. Miller||CD||Dhaka ||1974||November 13, 2018|
|Barbados ||List||Linda Swartz Taglialatela ||CD||Bridgetown||1966||December 9, 2015|
|Belarus||List||Julie D. Fisher||CD||Minsk||1992||December 15, 2020|
|Belgium||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Nicholas Berliner Chargé d'Affaires
|Belize||List||Vacant since January 20, 2017 |
Keith R. Gilges, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. 
|Benin||List||Patricia Mahoney||CD||Cotonou||1960||January 2, 2019|
|Bhutan||The United States does not maintain formal diplomatic relations with Bhutan. Informal contact through the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.|
|Bolivia||List||Vacant since September 15, 2008 |
Charisse Phillipps Chargé d'Affaires 
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||List||Eric George Nelson||CD||Sarajevo ||1993||January 2, 2019|
|Botswana||List||Craig Lewis Cloud||CD||Gaborone||1966||January 2, 2019|
|Brazil||List||Todd C. Chapman||CD||Brasilia||1825||February 11, 2020|
|Brunei||List||Vacant since May 20, 2020 |
Scott E. Woodard, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
|(N/A)||Bandar Seri Begawan||1984|
|Bulgaria||List||Herro Mustafa||CD||Sofia||1901||September 26, 2019|
|Burkina Faso||List||Sandra E. Clark||CD||Ouagadougou||1960||August 6, 2020|
|Burma (Myanmar) ||List||Thomas Vajda||CD||Rangoon ||1947||November 18, 2020|
|Burundi||List||Melanie Harris Higgins||CD||Bujumbura||1962||November 18, 2020|
|Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)||List||Jeff Daigle||CD||Praia||1976||May 24, 2019|
|Cambodia||List||W. Patrick Murphy||CD||Phnom Penh||1950||August 1, 2019|
|Cameroon||List||Vacant since July 16, 2020 |
Vernelle Trim FitzPatrick Chargé d'Affaires
|Canada||List||Vacant since August 23, 2019 |
Katherine Brucker, as Chargé d'Affaires
|Central African Republic   ||List||Lucy Tamlyn||CD||Bangui||1960||January 2, 2019|
|Chad||List||Vacant since September 2018  |
Jessica Davis Ba, Chargé d'Affaires a.i 
|Chile||List||Vacant since January 31, 2019 |
Richard Glenn, Chargé d'Affaires a.i 
|China||List||Vacant since October 4, 2020 |
Robert W. Forden Chargé d'Affaires
|Colombia||List||Philip Goldberg||CD||Bogotá||1823||August 1, 2019|
|Comoros ||List||Michael Pelletier||CD||Antananarivo||1977||January 2, 2019|
|Congo-Brazzaville||List||Todd Haskell||CD||Brazzaville||1960||May 18, 2017|
|Congo-Kinshasa (DRC)||List||Mike Hammer||CD||Kinshasa||1960||September 6, 2018|
|Costa Rica||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Gloria Berbena Chargé d'Affaires
|Croatia||List||Vacant since January 13, 2021 |
Victoria J. Taylor Chargé d'Affaires
|Cuba||List||Vacant since October 28, 1960 |
Timothy Zúñiga-Brown, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. 
|Cyprus||List||Judith G. Garber||CD||Nicosia||1960||January 2, 2019|
|Czech Republic||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Jennifer Bachus Chargé d'Affaires
|Denmark||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Stuart A. Dwyer Chargé d'Affaires
|Djibouti||List||Jonathan Pratt||CD||Djibouti||1980||December 15, 2020|
|Dominica ||List||Linda Swartz Taglialatela ||CD||Bridgetown||1979||December 9, 2015|
|Dominican Republic||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Robert W. Thomas Chargé d'Affaires
|East Timor||List||C. Kevin Blackstone||CD||Dili||2002||December 22, 2020|
|Ecuador||List||Michael J. Fitzpatrick||CD||Quito||1833||May 23, 2019|
|Egypt||List||Jonathan Cohen||CD||Cairo||1848||August 1, 2019|
|El Salvador||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Brendan O’Brien Chargé d'Affaires
|Equatorial Guinea||List||Susan N. Stevenson||CD||Malabo ||1967||January 2, 2019|
|Eritrea||List||Vacant since July 19, 2010 |
Steven C. Walker, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. 
|Estonia||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Brian Roraff Chargé d'Affaires
|Eswatini (Swaziland) ||List||Jeanne Maloney||CD||Mbabane||1971||November 18, 2020|
|Ethiopia||List||Michael A. Raynor||CD||Addis Ababa||1908||August 9, 2017|
|Fiji ||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Tony Greubel Chargé d'Affaires
|Finland||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Ian Campbell Chargé d'Affaires
|France ||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Brian Aggeler Chargé d'Affaires
|Gabon ||List||Vacant since March 2019 |
Owen Hayes, Chargé d'Affaires a.i 
|The Gambia||List||Richard Carlton Paschall III||CD||Banjul||1965||January 2, 2019|
|Georgia||List||Kelly Degnan||CD||Tbilisi ||1992||December 19, 2019|
|Germany||List||Vacant since May 2020 |
Robin Quinville, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. 
|Ghana||List||Stephanie Sullivan||CD||Ghana||1957||September 6, 2018|
|Greece||List||Geoffrey Pyatt||CD||Athens ||1868||July 14, 2016|
|Grenada ||List||Linda Swartz Taglialatela ||CD||Bridgetown||1975||December 9, 2015|
|Guatemala||List||William W. Popp||CD||Guatemala||1826||August 6, 2020|
|Guinea-Bissau ||List||Tulinabo S. Mushingi||CD||Bissau VPP||1976||May 18, 2017|
|Guinea||List||Vacant since June 9, 2020 |
Steven Koutsis Chargé d'Affaires
|Guyana||List||Sarah-Ann Lynch||CD||Georgetown||1966||January 2, 2019|
|Haiti||List||Michele J. Sison||CD||Port-au-Prince||1862||November 2, 2017|
|Holy See (Vatican City)||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Patrick Connell Chargé d'Affaires
|Honduras||List||Vacant since June 2017 |
Colleen A. Hoey, Chargé d'Affaires
|Hungary||List||Vacant since October 30, 2020 |
Marc Dillard Chargé d'Affaires
|Iceland||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Michelle Yerkin Chargé d'Affaires
|India||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Donald Heflin Chargé d'Affaires
|(N/A)||New Delhi ||1947|
|Indonesia||List||Sung Kim||CD||Jakarta ||1949||August 6, 2020|
|Iran||List||No diplomatic relations since April 7, 1980. Informal contact via the U.S. Interests Section in the Swiss embassy.|
Virtual Embassy Tehran open since December 2011.
|Iraq||List||Matthew H. Tueller||CD||Baghdad ||1931||May 16, 2019|
|Ireland||List||Vacant since January 19, 2021 |
Alexandra McKnight Chargé d'Affaires
|Israel||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Jonathan Shrier Chargé d'Affaires
|Italy ||List||Vacant since January 4, 2021 |
Thomas D. Smitham Chargé d'Affaires
|Ivory Coast||List||Richard K. Bell||CD||Abidjan||1960||August 1, 2019|
|Jamaica||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
John McIntyre Chargé d'Affaires
|Japan||List||Vacant since July 22, 2019 |
Joseph M. Young, Chargé d’Affaires ad interim 
|Jordan||List||Henry T. Wooster||CD||Amman||1950||August 6, 2020|
|Kazakhstan||List||William H. Moser||CD||Nur-Sultan||1992||January 2, 2019|
|Kenya||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Eric Kneedler Chargé d'Affaires
|Kiribati ||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Tony Greubel Chargé d'Affaires
|Kosovo||List||Philip S. Kosnett||CD||Pristina||2008||December 3, 2018|
|Kuwait||List||Alina Romanowski||CD||Kuwait City||1961||December 19, 2019|
|Kyrgyzstan||List||Donald Lu||CD||Bishkek||1992||September 18, 2018|
|Laos||List||Peter Haymond||CD||Vientiane||1950||December 19, 2019|
|Latvia||List||John Carwile||CD||Riga||1922||September 26, 2019|
|Lebanon||List||Dorothy Shea||CD||Beirut||1942||February 11, 2020|
|Lesotho||List||Rebecca Gonzales||CD||Maseru||1966||November 16, 2017|
|Liberia||List||Michael A. McCarthy||CD||Monrovia||1863||November 18, 2020|
|Libya||List||Richard Norland||CD||Tripoli||1952||August 1, 2019|
|Liechtenstein ||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Eva Weigold Schultz Chargé d'Affaires
|Lithuania||List||Robert S. Gilchrist||CD||Vilnius||1922||December 19, 2019|
|Luxembourg||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Casey Mace Chargé d'Affaires
|Madagascar ||List||Michael Pelletier||CD||Antananarivo||1960||January 2, 2019|
|Malawi||List||Robert K. Scott||CD||Lilongwe||1964||April 11, 2019|
|Malaysia||List||Brian D. McFeeters||CD||Kuala Lumpur||1957||December 21, 2020|
|Maldives ||List||Alaina Teplitz||CD||Colombo||1949||September 6, 2018|
|Mali||List||Dennis B. Hankins||CD||Bamako||1960||January 2, 2019|
|Malta||List||Vacant since late Sept./early Oct. 2018  |
Mark A. Schapiro, Chargé d'Affaires a.i 
|Marshall Islands||List||Roxanne Cabral||CD||Majuro||1986||December 19, 2019|
|Mauritania||List||Michael Dodman ||CD||Nouakchott||1960||November 20, 2017|
|Mauritius ||List||Vacant since January 15, 2021 |
Judes E. DeBaere Chargé d'Affaires
|Mexico||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
John S. Creamer Chargé d'Affaires ad interim
|(N/A)||Mexico City ||1825|
|Micronesia||List||Carmen Cantor||CD||Kolonia||1987||December 19, 2019|
|Moldova||List||Dereck J. Hogan||CD||Chişinău ||1992||September 6, 2018|
|Monaco  ||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Brian Aggeler Chargé d'Affaires
|Mongolia||List||Michael S. Klecheski||CD||Ulaanbaatar ||1988||January 2, 2019|
|Montenegro||List||Judy Rising Reinke||CD||Podgorica||1905||September 6, 2018|
|Morocco||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
David Greene Chargé d'Affaires
|Mozambique||List||Dennis Walter Hearne||CD||Maputo||1976||January 2, 2019|
|Namibia||List||Lisa A. Johnson||CD||Windhoek||1990||November 16, 2017|
|Nauru ||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Tony Greubel Chargé d'Affaires
|Nepal||List||Randy W. Berry||CD||Kathmandu||1959||September 6, 2018|
|Netherlands||List||Vacant since January 17, 2021 |
Marja Verloop Chargé d'Affaires
|(N/A)||The Hague ||1781|
|New Zealand ||List||Vacant since December 20, 2020 |
Kevin Covert Chargé d'Affaires
|Nicaragua||List||Kevin K. Sullivan||CD||Managua||1851||October 11, 2018|
|Niger||List||Eric P. Whitaker||CD||Niamey||1960||November 2, 2017|
|Nigeria||List||Mary Beth Leonard||CD||Abuja||1960||August 1, 2019|
|North Korea||The United States does not maintain diplomatic relations with North Korea. Limited consular matters handled by the Swedish embassy. |
|North Macedonia||List||Kate Marie Byrnes||CD||Skopje||1993||May 23, 2019|
|Norway||List||Vacant since May 29, 2020 |
Richard Riley, Chargé d'Affaires a.i,
|Oman||List||Leslie Tsou||CD||Muscat||1972||December 19, 2019|
|Pakistan||List||Vacant since July 2018 |
Paul W. Jones, Chargé d'Affaires a.i, 
|Palau ||List||John Hennessey-Niland||CD||Koror||2004||February 14, 2020|
|Panama||List||Vacant since January 12, 2018 |
Stewart Tuttle, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. 
|Papua New Guinea ||List||Erin Elizabeth McKee||CD||Port Moresby||1975||September 26, 2019|
|Paraguay||List||Vacant since January 6, 2020 |
Joseph Salazar Chargé d'Affaires
|Peru||List||Lisa D. Kenna||CD||Lima||1827||November 18, 2020|
|Philippines ||List||Vacant since October 4, 2020 |
John C. Law, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. 
|Poland||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
B. Bix Aliu, Chargé d’Affaires a.i. 
|Portugal||List||Vacant since January 13, 2021 |
Kristin M. Kane Chargé d'Affaires
|Qatar||List||Vacant since June 20, 2017 |
Greta C. Holtz, Chargé d'Affaires a.i 
|Romania||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
David Muniz Chargé d'Affaires
|Russia||List||John J. Sullivan||CD||Moscow ||1809||December 12, 2019|
|Rwanda||List||Peter H. Vrooman||CD||Kigali||1963||February 15, 2018|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis ||List||Linda Swartz Taglialatela ||CD||Bridgetown||1984||December 9, 2015|
|Saint Lucia ||List||Linda Swartz Taglialatela ||CD||Bridgetown||1983||December 9, 2015|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ||List||Linda Swartz Taglialatela ||CD||Bridgetown||1981||December 9, 2015|
|Samoa ||List||Vacant since December 20, 2020 |
Kevin Covert Chargé d'Affaires
|San Marino ||List||Vacant since January 4, 2021 |
Thomas D. Smitham Chargé d'Affaires
|(N/A)||Florence  |
San Marino VPP
|São Tomé and Príncipe ||List||Vacant since March 2019 |
Robert E. Whitehead, Chargé d'Affaires a.i 
|Saudi Arabia||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Martina Strong Chargé d'Affaires
|Senegal ||List||Tulinabo S. Mushingi||CD||Dakar||1960||May 18, 2017|
|Serbia||List||Anthony Godfrey||CD||Belgrade||1882||September 26, 2019|
|Seychelles ||List||Vacant since January 15, 2021 |
Judes E. DeBaere Chargé d'Affaires
|Sierra Leone||List||Maria Brewer ||CD||Freetown||1961||August 9, 2019|
|Singapore||List||Vacant since January 20, 2017  |
Rafik Mansour, Chargé d'Affaires a.i 
|Slovakia||List||Bridget A. Brink||CD||Bratislava||1993||May 23, 2019|
|Slovenia||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Susan K. Falatko, Chargé d'Affaires 
|Solomon Islands ||List||Erin Elizabeth McKee||CD||Port Moresby||1978||September 26, 2019|
|Somalia  ||List||Donald Y. Yamamoto||CD||Somalia VPP||1960||October 11, 2018|
|South Africa||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
John Groarke, Chargé d’Affaires ad interim
|South Korea||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Robert G. Rapson, Chargé d’Affaires ad interim
|South Sudan||List||Vacant since July 17, 2020 |
Jon F. Danilowicz Chargé d'Affaires
|Spain ||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Conrad Tribble Chargé d'Affaires ad interim
|Sri Lanka ||List||Alaina Teplitz||CD||Colombo||1949||September 6, 2018|
|Sudan ||List||Vacant since February 7, 1996 |
Brian W. Shukan, Chargé d'Affaires a.i 
|Suriname||List||Karen L. Williams||CD||Paramaribo||1975||August 22, 2018|
|Sweden||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Pamela M. Tremont Chargé d'Affaires
|Switzerland ||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Eva Weigold Schultz Chargé d'Affaires
|Syria ||List||Vacant since February 28, 2014 |
Joel Rayburn, Special Envoy
|Taiwan||Since January 19, 1979, diplomatic relations have been carried out by the American Institute in Taiwan|
|Tajikistan||List||John M. Pommersheim||CD||Dushanbe||1992||January 2, 2019|
|Tanzania||List||Don J. Wright||PA||Dar es Salaam ||1962||February 11, 2020|
|Thailand||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Michael Heath Chargé d'Affaires
|Togo||List||Eric Stromayer||CD||Lomé||1960||January 2, 2019|
|Tonga ||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Tony Greubel Chargé d'Affaires
|Trinidad and Tobago||List||Vacant since January 13, 2021 |
Shante Moore Chargé d'Affaires
|(N/A)||Port of Spain||1962|
|Tunisia||List||Donald Blome||CD||Tunis||1956||January 2, 2019|
|Turkey||List||David M. Satterfield||CD||Ankara||1831||August 28, 2019|
|Turkmenistan||List||Matthew Klimow||CD||Ashgabat||1992||May 24, 2019|
|Tuvalu ||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Tony Greubel Chargé d'Affaires
|Uganda||List||Natalie E. Brown||CD||Kampala||1963||August 6, 2020|
|Ukraine||List||Vacant since May 20, 2019 |
Kristina Kvien, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
|United Arab Emirates||List||Vacant since January 19, 2021 |
Sean Murphy Chargé d'Affaires
|(N/A)||Abu Dhabi ||1972|
|United Kingdom ||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Yael Lempert Chargé d'Affaires
|Uruguay||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Jennifer Savage Chargé d'Affaires
|Uzbekistan||List||Daniel N. Rosenblum||CD||Tashkent||1992||April 11, 2019|
|Vanuatu ||List||Erin Elizabeth McKee||CD||Port Moresby||1986||September 26, 2019|
|Venezuela||List||Vacant since July 16, 2010  |
James B. Story, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. 
|Vietnam||List||Daniel J. Kritenbrink||CD||Hanoi||1997||October 26, 2017|
|Yemen||List||Christopher P. Henzel||CD||Sana’a||1988||January 2, 2019|
|Zambia||List||Vacant since January 2, 2020 |
David J. Young, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. 
|Zimbabwe||List||Brian A. Nichols||CD||Harare||1980||June 28, 2018|
|Abkhazia||The Republic of Abkhazia is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.|
|Northern Cyprus||The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.|
|Palestine||The Palestinian State is not recognized by the United States.|
|Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic||The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States |
|South Ossetia||The Republic of South Ossetia is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.|
Current ambassadors from the United States to international organizations:
|African Union||List||Addis Ababa, Ethiopia||Jessica Lapenn||CD||Addis Ababa||August 27, 2019|
|Association of Southeast Asian Nations||List||Jakarta, Indonesia||Vacant since January 20, 2017 |
Melissa A. Brown, Chargé d'Affaires a.i 
|Conference on Disarmament||List||Geneva, Switzerland||Robert Wood||CD||Geneva||July 15, 2014|
|European Union||List||Brussels, Belgium||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Nicholas Berliner Chargé d'Affaires
|International Civil Aviation Organization||List||Montreal, Quebec, Canada||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Chuck Ashley Chargé d'Affaires 
|North Atlantic Treaty Organization||List||Brussels, Belgium||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Douglas D. Jones Chargé d'Affaires 
|Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development||List||Paris, France||Vacant since January 20, 2017  |
Whitney Baird, Chargé d'Affaires a.i 
|Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons ||List||The Hague, Netherlands||Kenneth Ward ||CD||The Hague||December 7, 2015|
|Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe||List||Vienna, Austria||Vacant since January 20, 2017  |
Harry Kamian, Chargé d'Affaires a.i 
|Organization of American States||List||Washington, D.C., United States||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Bradley A. Freden Chargé d'Affaires 
|United Nations||List||New York, United States||Linda Thomas-Greenfield||PA||New York City||February 23, 2021|
|United Nations (Deputy)||List||Washington, D.C., United States||Richard M. Mills Jr.||CD||New York City||May 24, 2018|
|United Nations (Management and Reform)||List||New York, United States||Cherith Norman Chalet||PA||New York City||September 12, 2018|
|United Nations (Special Political Affairs)||List||New York, United States||Vacant since January 20, 2017||(N/A)||New York City|
|United Nations Economic and Social Council||List||New York, United States||Kelley Eckels Currie||PA||New York City||August 3, 2017|
|United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization |
– U.S. withdrew from UNESCO effective December 31, 2018  
|List||Paris, France||Vacant since January 20, 2017||(N/A)||Paris|
|United Nations Human Rights Council |
– On June 19, 2018 the U.S. announced it was withdrawing from the UN-HRC 
|List||Geneva, Switzerland||Vacant since January 20, 2017 |
Mark Cassayre, Chargé d'Affaires a.i 
|United Nations International Organizations in Geneva||List||Geneva, Switzerland||Vacant since January 20, 2017  |
Mark Cassayre, Chargé d'Affaires a.i 
|United Nations International Organizations in Nairobi||List||Nairobi, Kenya||Robert F. Godec||CD||Nairobi||January 2, 2013|
|United Nations International Organizations in Rome |
(U.N. Agencies for Food & Agriculture)
|List||Rome, Italy||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Jennifer Harhigh Chargé d'Affaires 
|United Nations International Organizations in Vienna||List||Vienna, Austria||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Louis L. Bono Chargé d'Affaires 
Current Ambassadors-at-Large from the United States with worldwide responsibility:  
|Counterterrorism (Coordinator)||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
John T. Godfrey (acting)
|Global AIDS Combat  (Coordinator)||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Angeli Achrekar (acting)
|Global Criminal Justice||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Michael Kozak (acting)
|Global Women's Issues||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Katrina Fotovat (acting)
|International Religious Freedom||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Daniel Nadel (acting)
|Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (Director)||List||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Dr. Kari Johnstone (acting) 
Senior diplomatic representatives of the United States hosted in posts other than embassies. Unlike other consulates, these persons report directly to the Secretary of State.
|Curaçao ||List||Allen Greenberg||Consul General and Chief of Mission||Curaçao||June 2019|
|Hong Kong ||List||Hanscom Smith||Consul General and Chief of Mission||Hong Kong ||July 2019|
|Macau ||List||Hanscom Smith||Consul General and Chief of Mission||Hong Kong ||July 2019|
|Taiwan||List||William Brent Christensen||Director||Taipei ||August 11, 2018|
These diplomatic officials report directly to the Secretary of State. Many oversee a portfolio not restricted to one nation, often an overall goal, and are not usually subject to Senate confirmation.    Unlike the State Department offices and diplomats listed in other sections of this Article, the offices and special envoys/representatives/coordinators listed in this Section are created and staffed by direction of top Federal Executive administrators – primarily U.S. Presidents and Secretaries of State – whose political or organizational management philosophies may not be shared by their successors.    As such, many of these positions may go unfilled upon assumption of office by successor Presidential Administrations, with their offices sometimes merged with or subsumed into other offices, or abolished altogether.
|Afghanistan and Pakistan – S/SRAP office disestablished June 2017, its duties assumed by the Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs ||Zalmay Khalilzad||||September 5, 2018|
|Arctic Region – In 2017 it was announced this office's functions would be subsumed into the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs ||Vacant since January 20, 2017 |
(Special Representative) 
|Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation||Sandra Oudkirk  |
|||July 6, 2019|
|Assistance to Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia||Jim Kulikowski (Coordinator) |||
|Biological & Toxin Weapons Convention Issues||Robert Wood  (Special Representative)||||October 2, 2014|
|Burma – In 2017 it was announced this office's functions would be subsumed into the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs ||Vacant since November 19, 2014 |
|Central African Republic ||Vacant since 2015 |
|Civil Society and Emerging Democracies||Vacant since October 31, 2014 (Coordinator)|||
|Climate Change – In 2017 it was announced this office's functions would be subsumed into the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs ||Vacant since January 20, 2017 |
|Closure of the Guantánamo Detention Facility – In 2017 it was announced this office would be disestablished, and any of its functions deemed still necessary would be assumed by the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs ||Vacant since January 20, 2017 |
|Commercial and Business Affairs||Dan Negrea  (Special Representative)||||May 28, 2019|
|Conference on Disarmament||Robert Wood (Special Representative)||||October 2, 2014|
|Counterterrorism||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
John T. Godfrey chargé d'affaires 
|||August 10, 2017|
|Cyber Issues – In 2017 it was announced the coordinator position for this office would be discontinued, and its functions subsumed into the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs ||Vacant since July 2017   (Coordinator)|||
|Environment and Water Resources – In 2017 it was announced the assistant secretary for oceans and international environmental and scientific affairs would be dual-hatted as the special representative for environment and water resources. ||Vacant since January 2017 |
|Fissile Material Negotiator||Michael Guhin (Senior Cutoff Coordinator)|| ||August 10, 2009|
|Global Coalition to Counter ISIL||James F. Jeffrey  |
(Special Presidential Envoy)
|||August 17, 2018|
|Global Criminal Justice||Todd Buchwald (Special Coordinator)||||December 30, 2015|
|Global Engagement Center||Lea Gabrielle  (Special Envoy/Coordinator)||||February 11, 2019|
|Global Food Security – In 2017 it was reported that this office would be moved to USAID ||Vacant (Special Representative) |
Ted Lyng, acting
|Global Health Diplomacy ||Vacant since January 20, 2021 |
Dr. Angeli Achrekar chargé d'affaires 
|||April 14, 2014|
|Global Partnerships – In 2019 this office was subsumed into the Office of the Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment. ||Vacant (Special Representative) |
Thomas Debass, acting
|Global Youth Issues – In 2017 it was reported this position would be cut and the duties of the office transferred to the Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs ||Andy Rabens (Special Advisor)||||October 19, 2014|
|Great Lakes Region of Africa||J. Peter Pham (Special Envoy)||||November 2018|
|Haiti||Kenneth Merten (Special Coordinator)||||August 17, 2015|
|Holocaust Issues||Thomas K. Yazdgerdi (Special Envoy) |
Stu Eizenstat (Special Advisor)
|||August 22, 2016|
December 18, 2013
|Hostage Affairs||Robert C. O'Brien |
(Special Presidential Envoy)
|||May 25, 2018|
|Human Rights of LGBT Community||Vacant since November 2017  |
|International Communications and Information Policy (Advisory Committee)||Vacant (Coordinator/Ambassador)|||
|International Disabilities Rights||Vacant (Special Advisor)|||
|International Energy Affairs||Vacant (Special Envoy and Coordinator) |
Mary Warlick acting
|International Information Programs||Vacant (Coordinator) |
Jonathan Henick, acting
|International Information Technology Diplomacy||Vacant (Senior Coordinator)|||
|International Labor Affairs||Vacant (Special Representative)|||
|Iran Nuclear Implementation||Vacant(Coordinator)|||
|Israel and the Palestinian Authority||Frederick Rudesheim |
|Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations||Vacant from January 20, 2017||||July 1, 2014|
|Knowledge Management||Vacant (Senior Coordinator)|||
|Libya||Vacant since January 20, 2017|
|Middle East Transitions||Vacant (Special Coordinator)|||
|Minsk||Vacant (Senior Representative)|||
|Monitor and Combat Anti-semitism||Vacant (Special Envoy)|||
|Muslim Communities||Vacant (Special Representative)|||
|Nonproliferation and Arms Control||Vacant since June 10, 2010 |
|North Korea||Sung Kim|||
|North Korean Human Rights Issues||Vacant (Special Envoy)|||
|Northern Ireland Issues||Vacant (Presidential Representative)|||
|Nuclear Nonproliferation||Vacant (Special Representative of the President/Ambassador)|||
|Organization of Islamic Cooperation||Vacant since February 13, 2015 |
|Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review||Vacant since July 6, 2015 |
|Religion and Global Affairs   ||Vacant (Special Representative)|||
|Religious Minorities in the Near East and South/Central Asia||Knox Thames  (Special Envoy)|| ||September 28, 2015|
|Sahel Region of Africa||J. Peter Pham  (Special Envoy)||||March 1, 2020|
|Sanctions Policy||Vacant (Coordinator)|||
|Science and Technology||Vacant (Advisor)|||
|Secretary Initiatives||Vacant (Special Advisor)|
|Senior Advisor to the Secretary||Vacant (Senior Advisor)|
|Six-Party Talks (2003–2009) on North Korea's development of weapons of mass destruction ||Vacant since September 2015 |
|Somalia||Vacant since 2015  |
|Sudan and South Sudan||Vacant since January 2017   |
|Syria||Vacant since April 2018  |
|Threat Reduction Programs||Vacant since 2017 (Coordinator/Ambassador)|||
|Tibetan Issues ||Vacant (Special Coordinator)|||
|Transparency (Coordinator)   – Office may have been disestablished no public record of activity after 2016 located/identified||Vacant (Coordinator)||Archived |
|Ukraine Negotiations||Vacant (Special Representative)|||
|Western Balkans||Matthew Palmer (Special Representative)||||August 30, 2019|
|Yemen||Tim Lenderking (Special Envoy)||||February 4, 2021|
- : According to the U.S. State Department, "The United States and the Kingdom of Bhutan have not established formal diplomatic relations however, the two governments have informal and cordial relations."  Informal contact with the nation of Bhutan is maintained through the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.  : On April 7, 1980, the United States broke diplomatic relations with Iran after the 1979 Iranian Revolution.  On April 24, 1981, the Swiss government assumed representation of U.S. interests in Tehran, and Algeria assumed representation of Iranian interests in the United States.  Currently, Iranian interests in the United States are represented by the government of Pakistan. The U.S. Department of State named Iran a "State Sponsor of Terrorism" on January 19, 1984.  : The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is not on friendly terms with the United States, and while talks between the two countries are ongoing, there is no exchange of ambassadors. Sweden functions as Protective Power for the United States in Pyongyang and performs limited consular responsibilities for U.S. citizens in North Korea.  : With the normalization of relations with the People's Republic of China in 1979, the United States has not maintained official diplomatic relations with Taiwan. Relations between Taiwan and the United States are maintained through an unofficial instrumentality, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office, with headquarters in Taipei and field offices in Washington, D.C., and twelve other U.S. cities. The Taipei Office of the American Institute in Taiwan, a non-profit, public corporation, functions as a de facto embassy, performing most consular functions and staffed by Foreign Service Officers who are formally "on leave". 
Many well-known individuals have served the United States as ambassadors, or in formerly analogous positions such as envoy, including several who also became President of the United States (indicated in boldface below). Some notable ambassadors have included:
Eight United States Ambassadors have been killed in office – six of them by armed attack and the other two in plane crashes. 
Trump Ambassador Beat and 'Kidnapped' Woman in Watergate Cover-Up: Reports
American presidents have a long history of awarding ambassadorships to colorful characters to thank them for campaign donations&mdashroughly a third of U.S. ambassadors have no diplomatic experience beyond rounding up cash for successful presidential candidates.
Among them is Stephen King, 76, a longtime confidante and booster of House Speaker Paul Ryan (and former business partner of Ryan's brother, Tobin), who is the new U.S. ambassador to the Czech Republic. He has no diplomatic experience and had never spent a day in Prague before taking up his post there on December 7. Radio Prague, the official state news outlet, called him "a rich Republican businessman&hellipwho worked for the FBI early in his career."
Left unsaid was that King reportedly played a crucial role in the 1972 Watergate affair. According to several accounts over the years, King helped cover up ties between President Richard Nixon's re-election campaign and the burglars arrested inside the Democratic Party headquarters at the Watergate complex&mdashand in a particularly violent fashion. None of that came up during his confirmation hearing.
In June 1972, King was an ex&ndashFBI agent working as a security aide for the Committee to Re-Elect the President, or CREEP, Nixon's campaign arm. His duty on the week of the break-in was to protect&mdashand keep a close eye on&mdashMartha Mitchell, the talkative wife of Nixon's campaign director, former Attorney General John Mitchell, while the Mitchells were on a campaign swing in California.
Martha Mitchell, an outspoken Arkansan dubbed "the Mouth of the South" in press reports, had been complaining vaguely to anyone who would listen about campaign operatives carrying out "dirty tricks" against the Democrats. So when she learned that James McCord, the security director of CREEP, was among those arrested at the Watergate&mdashand described by her husband to the press as a private security contractor who was "not operating either on our behalf or with our consent"&mdashshe called a favorite reporter, United Press International's Helen Thomas.
Enter King, who "rushed into her bedroom, threw her back across the bed, and ripped the telephone out of the wall," wrote veteran Washington reporter Winzola McLendon in her 1979 biography of Martha Mitchell, to whom she was close. "The conversation ended abruptly when it appeared someone took away the phone from her hand," Thomas reported. "She was heard to say, 'You just get away.'"
Thomas added that when she called back, the hotel operator told her, "Mrs. Mitchell is indisposed and cannot talk."
Thomas's story was a sensation. Reporters scurried to find Mitchell for a follow-up. A few days later, one did. Marcia Kramer of the New York Daily News tracked her down at the Westchester Country Club in Rye, New York. Kramer, a veteran crime reporter, described Mitchell as "a beaten woman," with "incredible" black and blue marks on her arms. A later account in McCall's magazine said that after King ripped the phone from Mitchell, he "summoned" a doctor, who gave her "a tranquilizing shot" and "[saw] to it that no more of her outgoing calls [would] be taken by the hotel switchboard."
Yet few took Mitchell's claims seriously. She was known to like a drink and make "wild" accusations, a reputation Nixon's aides exploited. "The Nixon and CREEP people began to spread stories that Martha was crazy, an out-of-control alcoholic, or had had a breakdown," McLendon wrote.
Mitchell eventually returned to her husband from Westchester, but only on condition that he resign from CREEP and that King be fired. He did resign, but when she learned that King had been promoted to security chief for the campaign, she wrote a letter to Parade magazine, the Sunday newspaper supplement, saying that he "not only dealt me the most horrible experience I have ever had, but inflicted bodily harm upon me."
King's response in the October 22, 1972 issue of Parade was that he could "no longer talk about the incident," adding that "all such information must come from" spokesmen for CREEP. Officials there evidently did not respond to Parade 's request for comment.
On December 11, King told Newsweek, "I do not wish to comment further on this old story."
In McLendon's authorized biography years later, Mitchell told a story that seemed scripted for The Shining. After King ripped the phone from her hand, she related, she ran to another room to make a call. "Again. she was thrown aside while the phone was disconnected," McLendon wrote. "Steve then shoved her into her room and slammed the door."
Mitchell next tried to get to an adjacent villa via the balcony, but "King ran out and pulled her back inside. She claimed he threw her down and kicked her.&hellip The next day. she slipped downstairs, planning to escape, but King spotted her just as she reached a glass door. In the ensuing scuffle, Martha's left hand was cut, so badly that six stitches were required in two fingers."
That's when the doctor was summoned to sedate her. "Before [the shot] took effect, she tried to get away, but according to Martha, King saw her dashing toward the door and ran over and slapped her across the room."
In 1973, Martha Mitchell gave sworn testimony about Watergate in support of a civil suit against CREEP officials. King was not a defendant in that suit or criminally charged in the scandal, and two more years passed before anyone came forward to corroborate Mitchell's story of what happened after her call with Thomas was abruptly terminated. In 1975, McCord, convicted of conspiracy in the Watergate affair, admitted that "basically the woman was kidnapped."
"Thank God somebody is coming to my assistance," Mitchell told The New York Times. "I was not only kidnapped, but I was threatened at gunpoint, and you can put that in."
During his August 1 confirmation hearing before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, King was not asked about his alleged role in roughing up Mitchell to keep her from exposing McCord's connection to CREEP. But he did raise the issue of security for his wife outside the U.S. Embassy in Prague, telling Wisconsin Republican Senator Ron Johnson, who chaired the hearing, that he was thinking about hiring a private security force to protect her.
It doesn't matter that King's role in the Watergate affair occurred nearly a half-century ago he should have been questioned about it, says Norman Ornstein, a resident scholar on public policy at the conservative American Enterprise Institute. There is "no statute of limitations" against raising troubling allegations in a nominee's past, said Ornstein, co-author of One Nation After Trump: A Guide for the Perplexed, the Disillusioned, the Desperate, and the Not-Yet-Deported. "They should have taken this into account, and could have, no matter when it occurred."
Sean Bartlett, a spokesman for the Democrats on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, says King was asked about the Watergate episode before his public testimony. "After questioning him, and measuring his other qualifications and responses to questions on a range of issues, staff did not believe there was evidence or reason to delay his nomination," Bartlett says.
"This is a political question, not legal," said Richard Painter, chief ethics lawyer to President George W. Bush. Since King "was confirmed already by the Senate, he would be hard to remove."
Not that the Republican majority in Congress or President Donald Trump's White House would be inclined to fire him, says Ornstein. The bar for what's acceptable conduct, he maintains, has been dramatically lowered by Republicans since Trump took office. "This just one example, among many very sordid ones, including judges and Cabinet officers.
How The Next Los Angeles Mayor Would Be Selected If Eric Garcetti Resigns To Take Ambassador Post
Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti appears to be in line to be nominated by President Joe Biden for a post as ambassador to India, and although the White House has made no announcements as of yet, it raises the question: Who would be the next mayor?
Reports surfaced several weeks ago that Garcetti was under consideration for the ambassadorial post, after earlier speculation focused on being nominated for another country, Mexico. On Wednesday, the Associated Press reported that Garcetti had been picked, along with other names like Rahm Emanuel to Japan and Tom Nides to Israel.
If nominated, Garcetti would face Senate confirmation, which could take several months and would include a hearing where he will be grilled by members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. That would include the committee’s Republican members, who include Sen. James Risch (R-ID), Sen. Mitt Romney (R-UT) and Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX), the latter of whom seems to rarely pass up an opportunity to skewer liberals, Hollywood and California. But short of Democratic defections, Garcetti would have the votes.
Joe Biden Says Derek Chauvin's Sentence Seems "Appropriate"
If so, a Garcetti resignation would leave a rare vacancy as the top elected official in Los Angeles, as his term expires on Dec. 11, 2022.
According to the city charter, the City Council could then appoint a person to fill the position through the end of the term. It also could call a special election to fill the vacancy through the end of the term, and appoint someone to hold the office temporarily until that special election’s results are certified.
Pending any appointment or election of a new mayor, the City Council president, currently Nury Martinez, would act as mayor.
On top of all of this is the fact that, with Garcetti ineligible to run for a third term, candidates already are in the race the succeed him on Dec. 12, 2022, for a full four-year term. City Councilman Joe Buscaino and City Attorney Mike Feuer are among those who have declared, and there is a long list of others, including Martinez, who are reportedly considering it.
Biden's ɻorder Czar' Will Resign As Americans Wonder 'Where's Kamala'?AP Photo/Manuel Balce Ceneta
President Joe Biden’s coordinator on the southern border will leave the White House by the end of April, according to national security advisor Jake Sullivan. Former U.S. Ambassador to Mexico Roberta Jacobsen had agreed to serve during the first 100 days of the Biden administration and made “an invaluable contribution,” according to Sullivan.
Sullivan didn’t say exactly what that “contribution” was, but given the chaos at the border, it didn’t appear to be that valuable.
But America’s borders are in good hands. Vice President Kamala Harris is on the job — if we could find her.
She hasn’t been to the border, but she visited a bakery in Chicago. If you’re interested, she had a slice of German chocolate cake. Sen. Ted Cruz wondered about her commitment to the issue.
In truth, Harris doesn’t want to touch the border issue with a ten-foot pole. If, as expected, she runs for president in 2024, the border will be an anchor around the neck of anyone who had anything to do with this fiasco. Harris is relieved people are talking about her eating a slice of German chocolate cake and not the border crisis.
The White House is also planning on making cash transfer payments to the Northern Triangle countries to address the economic woes of those nations. This would be on top of the $4 billion Biden is sending over the next four years. The U.S. will also send a large number of vaccine doses.
Trump EVISCERATES Biden’s Border Policy: ‘Turned National Triumph Into National Disaster’
RNC Chair Rona McDaniel had it about right: “Harris hasn’t even taken the time to hold a press conference since allegedly taking charge of the border situation,” McDaniel wrote. “She is working harder on avoiding accountability for the crisis than she is on trying to fix it. ”
The fact is, Joe Biden doesn’t know how to manage this crisis. He’s stuck between being the “anti-Trump” and the kindly Uncle Joe who welcomes all newcomers with open arms. He can’t employ any of Trump’s policies that actually worked and he can’t exactly welcome one or two million migrants who will come to the U.S. border this year.
His policy on the ground is muddled and inconsistent. And it’s encouraging even more people to come.
Rick Moran has been writing for PJ Media for 13 years. His work has appeared in dozens of media outlets including the Washington Times and ABC News. He was an editor at American Thinker for 14 years. His own blog is Right Wing Nut House. For media inquiries, please contact [email protected] .
Remembering Ambassador Shirley Temple Black
U.S. Ambassador Shirley Temple Black was an icon. She upheld the highest standards of poise and class, and will be missed. By the time Ambassador Black was assigned to serve in Czechoslovakia in 1989, she was already a seasoned diplomat who had worked in Ghana and as the State Department’s Chief of Protocol. Here she captured the hearts of the Czech and Slovak people. As a tribute, we asked Americans and Czechs who had worked or met with Ambassador Black to share their memories of this iconic actress and diplomat.
“I remember having lunch with her just after the Velvet Revolution. She was charming, one of the least pretentious people I’ve ever met,“ recalls New York University musicologist Mike Beckerman.
Office Management Specialist Nelia Hill, had the privilege of working for Ambassador Shirley Temple Black, and has many great stories about her former boss. According to Nelia, Black loved telling stories about Hollywood and her film career over her embassy cafeteria lunch, which consisted of that typically American combination of a hamburger, fries, and a coke.
During an embassy Easter egg hunt, Nelia’s daughter Stephanie was assigned to dress as the Easter bunny. Stephanie had difficulty adjusting her oversized bunny-rabbit suit and the head piece would not allow her to see the children to whom she was passing-out candies. Ambassador Shirley Temple Black noticed the problem, and went to the girl’s aid by pushing the head piece into position. The Ambassador remarked, “You’re doing a great job. I wore a similar costume when I was your age and had the same problem.”
Nelia noted how embassy management advised the staff to refrain from dressing their daughters to resemble Shirley Temple’s “Dimples” character. Singing was particularly frowned-upon. However, one embassy mom didn’t get the message. Her four-year old daughter came to the Easter event wearing an adorable ruffled pink dress with her hair in curls. The mother asked her daughter to serenade Ambassador Black with her rendition of “On the Good Ship Lollipop”. According to Nelia, you could hear a pin drop. Ambassador Black smiled and sang along with the little girl.
Zuzana Willits worked with Ambassador Black from 1991 to 1992 and offered these remarks, “She was a great person who talked to all of us … Morale was high and everybody loved her…amazingly, she always remembered everyone’s first name… Memories of Ambassador Black will remain forever in my heart.”
Another embassy employee, Zuzana Kucerova, began her career with during Ambassador Black’s tenure, she wrote that the former Chief of Mission had a small plaque on the door to her office with the initials “STB”. These were of course her initials – as well as the acronym for Czechoslovakia’s communist-era secret police.
Markos Kounalakis, a research fellow at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution and a Newsweek reporter in Prague from 1989 to 1991, is a Shirley Temple fan who admired her diplomatic prowess. Kounalakis saw Ambassador Shirley Temple Black up-close, both during and after the Velvet Revolution, calling her “the right person at the right time,” at seminal moment in modern Czechoslovak history.
According to Kounalakis, “Her personal and informal style worked well with the new government, made up of formerly imprisoned, hard laboring and human rights Charter 77-signing artists, musicians, actors and a playwright president named Vaclav Havel. Many of those new Czechoslovak political leaders admired their American colleague, President Ronald Reagan, an actor-politician like themselves who expressed in the clearest terms – and to the whole world – their deepest desire for freedom.”
“During early street protests in Prague in 1989, she spoke out for more democratic freedom and in thinly veiled language against the Husak government to which she was credentialed. And as the Berlin Wall fell and the distinct scent of revolution filled the Eastern European air, people filled central Wenceslas Square and jangled their keys in protest. Shaking those keys meant that they wanted to lock out the communists and open the door to democracy. Suddenly she became the U.S. ambassador to a reborn and dramatically transitioning state.
Thankfully, she knew something about drama. When it came to the new Czechoslovak leadership, she knew these people and what motivated them, understood their anti-establishment tendencies, and gained their respect not merely because of her recognized early film work, but also because her ability to take the stage and perform whatever diplomatic duties were necessary.”
Finally, a Shirley Temple Black fan who wishes to remain anonymous tells the following poignant story: “Shortly after communism fell in Czechoslovakia, a seated Ambassador Black called her senior staff together into a private, closed-door meeting. Looking them sternly in the eye, she told them ‘I’m only going to do this once, just once.’ And with that, she stood up, smiled, and pranced around the room singing ‘On the Good Ship Lollypop’.”
Ambassador Black leaves behind good memories of a great diplomat and she will be missed.
The Residence of the U.S. Ambassador in Prague was built in the late 1920’s, during the brief flowering of the first republic of Czechoslovakia, by Otto Petschek, the patriarch of one of the wealthiest families in the country. The Petscheks were a German-speaking Jewish family, and their wealth was in large part from coal mine holdings and banking.
While the mansion was being built, the family lived in the present Deputy Chief of Mission’s residence. The Petschek grandparents continued to live there after the rest of the family moved into their new home during the winter of 1929-1930. The Staff-house next door was in those days occupied by other Petschek relatives. Otto Petschek became ill and died in 1934.
In 1938, as the Nazi threat to peace in Europe and specifically toward Czechoslovakia became plain, the Petschek family (a son and three daughters) sold their holdings in Czechoslovakia and departed for the United States, where members of the family still live. Two of the children have visited Prague and the home where they spent their youth, commenting that very little has changed at the Residence.
After the Nazis occupied Prague, they seized the house and until May 1945, it was the residence of General Toussaint, the head of the German army occupying Prague. A considerable number of Nazi aides and soldiers were quartered on the property during this seven-year period.
When the Germans were driven from Prague, the Residence was occupied by the Soviet Army for several days. Their stay was sufficiantly short that not a great deal of damage was done, although some valuable fur coats, ballgowns, china and silverware were destroyed or stolen.
The next occupant was the Czechoslovak General Staff, which used the property as Staff Headquarters. During German, Soviet, and Czechoslovak military usage, little was done to maintain the property.
In September 1945, American Ambassador Laurence Steinhardt leased the Residence from the Czechoslovak Ministry of National Defense. Under the terms of the lease, rental was subject to yearly renewal, and the Ministry was obligated to make certain repairs. The Ministry of National Defense turned over the property to the City of Prague, but the city government did not want to assume the obligations connected with the transfer.
While many of the furnishings in the Residence are original, some came from confiscated estates. In 1945, the Office of the Czechoslovak Prime Minister took over hundreds of properties from expelled Sudeten Germans and others. The furniture and furnishings from those properties were in many cases distributed to existing estates in Prague.
Furnishings received by the US Government were shared between the Chancery and the Residence. When negotiations for American acquisition of the Petschek residence were underway, Ambassador Steinhardt included all the furnishings received from the Czechoslovak Government in the sales agreement.
The Residence, the Deputy Chief of Mission’s house, and the Staff-house were purchased on July 20, 1948 for $1,570,000. At the same time, the Consulate General building in Central Bratislava was purchased for $150,000. This contract was signed by the Minister of Finance, representing the Czechoslovak Government. This total cost of $1,720,000 for all properties did not represent any dollar expenditures to the US Government. The amount was credited to the Czechoslovak government against surplus property debts to the US Government.
After the Communist accession to power in 1948, and the ensuing sharp deterioration of US-Czechoslovak relations, assets and credits were frozen, and the Czechoslovak Government ceased payment on surplus property debts. This entire account, along with various other debts and financial claims, was included in the 1982 Gold Claims agreement between the US and Czechoslovakia. Thus, because of the way the debts and claims were finally handled, the Residence was acquired without any actual loss to the US Treasury The Petschek family filed a claim for reimbursement for the property and received compensation they deemed appropriate from the Czech government.
Stories about the Residence abound, and in these it is difficult to separate fact from fiction. The indoor swimming pool, for example, is said to have been used during only one winter. When one of the Petschek sisters swam in it, caught pneumonia and nearly died, her father decreed that the pool should never be used again. Another account holds that a family member dived in and broke a leg, which resulted in the paternal decree. Another explanation for the pools’ disuse—a less dramatic one offered by a family member—is that the pool was too expensive to heat, even for an owner of coal mines.
Another story concerns the Petscheks’ devoted butler, who lived in the Residence Gate House (now occupied by Embassy staff). When the family left for America, the butler buried the family silver in the back garden and left it there until 1948 when the US Government purchased the Residence. At that time he dug it up again and presented it to Ambassador Steinhardt as the representative of the country in which the Petscheks had made their new home.
During the communist period, and especially in the 1980’s, the Residence was frequently visited by dissidents, who were invited by Ambassadors William Luers, Julian Niemczyk and others to U.S.-hosted meetings and social events. President Vaclav Havel has described how he was once arrested two blocks from the residence on his way home from one of these events.
The house was designed and built without guestrooms. Mr. Petschek’s own apartment (now the apartment of an Embassy staff member) was on the top floor. The family lived on the second floor and the downstairs rooms were for entertaining guests, as they are today.
US ambassador King decorates Czech military medics
Prague, Jan 23 (CTK) – A team of Czech medics who served for six months in a U.S. military hospital in Iraq received U.S. Army medals granted by U.S. Ambassador to Prague Stephen King on Tuesday.
In his awarding speech, King stressed their professionalism and sense of humour which both helped them deal with demanding tasks.
Czech military medics saved 55 lives in Iraq.
King told them they were what they called heroes in America.
He said the Czech specialists were selflessly assisting their U.S. counterparts in the fight against Islamic State (ISIS).
The team, which had five women in it, started its mission in December 2016. The Czechs returned home in mid-June last year.
“At this time a year ago, we were in the middle of a desert, in the middle of nowhere, but still we were not alone. We became not only collaborators, but also a family,” the unit’s commander Pavel Uher said.
“Our American family will never be forgotten in our hearts,” he added.
A number of Czech soldiers have been decorated for exceptional acts and bravery from the U.S. military.
King said one of the members of the Czech unit had been awarded as a Hero of the Week by the command of the coalition forces.
He received it for exceptional fulfilment of the tasks during his mission in Iraq and preparation for deployment.
The Czech Field Surgery Team (PCHT-I) took part in the Western throng of the operation Inherent Resolve in which Iraqi armed forces, backed by the allies, fight to liberate the areas occupied by Islamist extremists.
The team also participated in several mass treatment of the injured, called MASCAL. It treated Iraqi and allied soldiers as well as Iraqi children.
King noted that this year, the embassy celebrated 100 years since the establishment of contacts between the USA and former Czechoslovakia.
Cooperation in the sphere of security is one of the major topics of the shared history and the present, King said.
UK ambassador to US quits after leaked cables enrage Trump
LONDON (AP) — Britain’s ambassador to the United States resigned Wednesday after being branded a fool and made a diplomatic nobody by President Donald Trump following the leak of the envoy’s unflattering opinions about the U.S. administration.
Storm clouds gathered over the trans-Atlantic relationship as veteran diplomat Kim Darroch said he could no longer do his job in Washington after Trump cut off all contact with the representative of one of America’s closest allies.
The break in relations followed a British newspaper’s publication Sunday of leaked documents that revealed the ambassador’s dim view of Trump’s administration, which Darroch described as dysfunctional, inept and chaotic.
“The current situation is making it impossible for me to carry out my role as I would like,” Darroch said in his resignation letter. He had been due to leave his post at the end of the year.
In the leaked documents, he called the Trump administration’s policy toward Iran “incoherent,” said the president might be indebted to “dodgy Russians” and raised doubts about whether the White House “will ever look competent.”
“We don’t really believe this administration is going to become substantially more normal less dysfunctional less unpredictable less faction riven less diplomatically clumsy and inept,” one missive said.
Prime Minister Theresa May and other British politicians praised Darroch, condemned the leak — and criticized Trump’s intemperate comments, if only implicitly. Pointedly, however, Boris Johnson, considered the front-runner to replace May as prime minister, did not defend the ambassador after Trump’s tirade.
Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt, Johnson’s rival for the post, said Wednesday it was “absolutely essential that when our diplomats do their job all over the world . we defend them.”
“We had a fine diplomat who was just doing what he should have been doing — giving a frank assessment, a personal assessment of the political situation in the country that he was posted (to) — and that’s why I defended him,” he told reporters. “And I think we all should.”
Speaking at a conference on media freedom, Hunt also criticized Trump’s verbal attacks on journalists.
“I wouldn’t use the language President Trump used, and I wouldn’t agree with it,” he said. “We have to remember that what we say can have an impact in other countries where they can’t take press freedom for granted.”
Darroch announced his decision the morning after a televised Conservative leadership debate between Hunt and Johnson. During the debate, Hunt vowed to keep Darroch in the post, but Johnson — his predecessor as foreign secretary — notably did not support the British envoy.
“I think it’s very important we should have a close partnership, a close friendship with the United States,” said Johnson, whom Trump has praised in the past.
Emily Thornberry, the spokeswoman on foreign affairs for the main opposition Labour Party, said Darroch “has been bullied out of his job, because of Donald Trump’s tantrums and Boris Johnson’s pathetic lick-spittle response.”
Darroch’s forthright, unfiltered views on the U.S. administration — meant for a limited audience and discreet review — appeared in the leaked documents published by Britain’s Mail on Sunday newspaper.
Darroch had served as Britain’s envoy to Washington since 2016 the leaked cables covered a period from 2017 to recent weeks.
British officials are hunting for the culprit behind the leak, which was both an embarrassment to May’s government and a major breach of diplomatic security.
“We will pursue the culprit with all the means at our disposal,” Foreign Office chief Simon McDonald told a committee of lawmakers, adding that police were involved in the investigation.
McDonald said it was “vitally important” that ambassadors were able to speak candidly in private and that it was the first time in his 37-year career that a head of state had refused to work with a British ambassador.
But he said the trans-Atlantic relationship was “so deep and so wide that it will withstand any individual squall.” He also said he feared there might be more leaks of sensitive government documents.
The U.S. State Department said in a statement that “the United States and the United Kingdom share a bond that is bigger than any individual, and we look forward to continuing that partnership. We remain committed to the U.S.-UK Special Relationship and our shared global agenda.”
Like his predecessors, Darroch was a prominent figure in Washington, meeting frequently with high-level U.S. officials and hosting parties at the stately British Embassy.
Gatherings were frequently bipartisan, drawing guests from the Trump and Obama administrations, who mingled with journalists and members of prominent think tanks.
Darroch often addressed the attendees at such gatherings, making sure to single out high-level administration officials.
Trump’s tweets created a furor among many British politicians and officials, who found themselves insulted by the president’s decision to have the administration cut off contact with their ambassador.
It underscored that the close relationship between the two countries has become increasingly lopsided — a severe problem as the U.K. prepares to set a new path with its departure from the European Union.
“It is shameful that Kim Darroch has effectively been forced out for doing the job that diplomats are appointed to do,” Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon tweeted. “Boris Johnson’s failure last night to stand up for him — and stand up to the behavior of Donald Trump — spoke volumes.”
Foreign Office minister Alan Duncan — who served under Johnson when he was foreign secretary — went further, accusing Johnson of having “thrown our top diplomat under a bus” for his own personal interests.
But Trump supporter and Brexit Party leader Nigel Farage described the resignation as, “the right decision.”
“Time (to) put in a non-Remainer who wants a trade deal with America,” he tweeted.
It’s unclear whether May will have time to name a replacement before she leaves office later this month.
Appointing ambassadors usually involves a formal civil service process with advertisements, applications and interviews, though Simon McDonald, head of Britain’s diplomatic service, said the post of ambassador to the U.S. wasn’t always chosen that way.
“History shows that there are often bespoke procedures for filling the embassy in Washington, DC,” he said.
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