Information

February 5, 2021 Day 17 of the First Year - History



President Joe Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris meet with House Democrats Friday, Feb. 5, 2021, in the Oval Office of the White House.

9:15 AM THE PRESIDENT and THE VICE PRESIDENT receive the President’s Daily Brief
Oval Office
Closed Press

9:45 AM THE PRESIDENT and THE VICE PRESIDENT meet with House Democratic leaders and the Chairs of the House committees working on the American Rescue Plan
Oval Office
Pool Spray at the Top (Gather Time 9:30 AM – Brady Press Briefing Room)

11:45 AM THE PRESIDENT delivers remarks on the state of the economy and the need for the American Rescue Plan; THE VICE PRESIDENT and the Secretary of the Treasury also attend
State Dining Room
Pooled Press (Gather Time 11:30 AM – Brady Press Briefing Room)

4:55 PM THE PRESIDENT departs the White House en route Joint Base Andrews
South Lawn
Supplemental Pooled Press (Gather Time 4:35 PM – North Doors of the Palm Room)

5:15 PM THE PRESIDENT departs Joint Base Andrews en route Wilmington, Delaware
Joint Base Andrews
Out-of-Town Travel Pool Coverage (Call Time 3:45 PM – Joint Base Andrews)

5:50 PM THE PRESIDENT arrives in Wilmington, Delaware
New Castle Air National Guard Base
Out-of-Town Travel Pool Coverage


February Holidays

When I think of all the February Holidays, or February in general, I think of Valentine's Day, a day set aside, where you can express your LOVE to your spouse, or your significant other, your family members and kids, and even your friends with a card, gift, or flowers.  It's a great day to get engaged, or married, and many people use the holiday as an excuse to take a mini-vacation and reconnect!

Below you will find our listing of February Holidays and Observances, that fall in the month of February.  

  1. A page on each holiday will be coming soon and linked below.
  2. If a date is a movable holiday, that is different every year, we'll include the year as well as the date rule below. Otherwise, the holiday falls on the same date each year.
  3. If we have made an error, have any incorrect dates, or have left off any Holidays, Observances, or Awareness Days etc, please let us know!਌ontact Us !

February is all about matters of the heart. Be it Valentine’s Day, Healthy Heart Month, or National Wear Red Day, a healthy heart is what we seek. It’s tradition on National Wear Red Day to go bold with your fashion choices and wear red. Bake sales and fundraisers are hosted and donations are made to Go Red if you shop from certain stores.

1 in 3 – The number of adults who suffer from high blood pressure.

17.9 million – The number of people who died from heart diseases around the world in 2016.

80% – The percentage of heart diseases that are preventable with regular physical activity, avoiding tobacco, and maintaining a healthy diet.

12% – The percentage of stroke victims that die from it.

50% – The percentage of women who die within five years of having a heart attack.

33% – The percentage of women who do not engage in sports or physical activity.

43 million – The number of women who currently have some type of heart disease.

655,000 – The number of Americans who die annually from heart disease.


2. Valentine's Day has its roots in an ancient Pagan festival.

Though some historians believe that Valentine's Day commemorates the death of St. Valentine on February 14, others believe that the holiday actually has its origins in a Pagan fertility festival called "Lupercalia," which was celebrated on February 15 in ancient Rome. Dedicated to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture, and Roman founders Romulus and Remus, the day was celebrated by sacrificing animals and smacking women with animal hides, a practice that was believed to encourage fertility.


The Modern Chinese New Year Calendar: Key Dates

As this is usually the most anticipated festival of the year, much like Christmas in the West, almost everyone in China has a relatively long vacation to reunite with their families. School holidays are four weeks long and migrant workers abandon their factory and construction jobs for weeks to return home.

Stalls selling Chinese New Year decorations etc. spring up streetside in the weeks before the festival.

The first day of the Chinese New Year calendar is rarely the actual 'start' of the festival, and preparations begin days, and sometimes weeks before.

Retail Peak: The Big Shop and Clean for a Month before CNY (Jan. to Feb. 11, 2021)

Chinese New Year items like fireworks and firecrackers, religious items, and decorations start appearing in stalls and shops from about a month before Chinese New Year. Most people will raid malls and shopping centers for Chinese New Year gift-shopping, and clean their homes thoroughly. Families who host the reunion dinner will start food preparations well in advance.

The Chinese New Year Migration: 40 Days of Many Journeys (Jan. 28 to Mar 8, 2021)

Crowded Chinese railway stations are a symptom of the Chinese New Year travel rush.

The Chinese New Year Travel Rush is said to begin 2 weeks before Chinese New Year's Day and last 40 days.

In the days leading up to the festival, the whole country mobilizes, with people going home to be with family. Each year, the festival breaks the record of the previous year’s largest human migration worldwide. Some 400 million people are expected to mobilize, whether to leave the major cities to go to the rural countryside where their families reside, or to go travel abroad.

After the festival, trains and other transport fill to capacity again as Chinese people return to the cities to work.

Chinese New Year School Holidays: 4 Weeks Off!

Chinese children enjoy a long Chinese New Year holiday and "lucky money".

Schools typically close for Spring Festival vacation from the Saturday a week before Chinese New Year's Day until the Sunday after Lantern Festival, four weeks later. It is seen as important to allow children to be at home to prepare and celebrate with family.

The Chinese New Year Public Holiday: 7 Days Off (Feb. 11–17, 2021)

Offices, banks, factories, shops, and most non-essential services will close doors for a week's holiday. Hotels, restaurants, and large retail outlets stay open and may even be busier than usual! Hotel prices can double or triple!

The Chinese New Year Lull: The Eve and Days 1 to 3 (Feb. 11–14, 2021)

More interesting perhaps, is what happens for a brief period, like the calm in the eye of a storm, from Chinese New Year’s Eve. Anyone who has been to China surely knows about its overwhelmingly crowded streets but once a year, on the evening of the Spring Festival, there is the rare occasion of seeing almost completely empty and quiet streets, as surely almost everyone is at home with their families for the reunion dinner.


Chinese New Year Day - Coming Years

2023 Chinese New Year is on Sunday, January 22, 2023. 2023 is the Black Rabbit year.
2024 Chinese New Year is on Saturday, February 10, 2024. 2024 is the Green Dragon year.
2025 Chinese New Year is on Wednesday, January 29, 2025. 2025 is the Green Snake year.
2026 Chinese New Year is on Tuesday, February 17, 2026. 2026 is the Red Horse year.
2027 Chinese New Year is on Saturday, February 6, 2027. 2027 is the Red Sheep year.


Chinese New Year's Day and Chinese Lunar Calendar

The Chinese New Year's Day is the new moon day of the first lunar month. According to the Chinese Lunar calendar, the first lunar month is the second new moon after the lunar month contains Winter Solstice. The day of Winter Solstice is around December 23 in the western Gregorian calendar. As a result, Chinese New Year might fall in the second half of January or the first half of February.

Chinese calendar combines lunar, solar and color-animal (Stem-Branch) counting systems. The lunar counting system mainly is to count the lunar month. The solar counting system is to count the year and solar month for agriculture activities. The color animal is to count every single solar day. In the beginning, color animal counts only for the day. Later, Five Element scholars applied color animals on Year and Month cycles.

There are 12 animals, which are Rat, Cow, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Sheep, Monkey, Chicken, Dog, Pig, in the counting system. The Chinese calendar needs to assign a unique animal name for each day inside the lunar month. sometimes, the Chinese Lunar Calendar needs to add an extra lunar month (Leap Lunar Month) in the cycle to match the speed of the solar cycle. For example, the Chinese calendar of the year 2006 has two 7th lunar months. A lunar month contains 29 or 30 days. Therefore, the Chinese calendar needs 60 different animal names to make every single day unique for the case of leap lunar month.


This table of Chinese zodiac years will help you find Chinese zodiac signs and years fast.

E.g.: 1948 is a year of the Rat. If you were born in Chinese calendar 1948 your zodiac sign is the Rat, and you are known as a "Rat".

Rat Ox Tiger Rabbit Dragon Snake Horse Goat Monkey Rooster Dog Pig
1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959
1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983
1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031

If someone's birthday falls in the January/February period (the Chinese/Gregorian calendar overlap), you should use our Chinese Zodiac Calculator below to confirm their sign.

  • Work:
  • Wealth:
  • Love:
  • Health:

February 5, 2021 Day 17 of the First Year - History

Facts about February
Customs and Traditions

Gemstone: Amethyst
Flower: Primrose

The Romans and the Celts regarded February as the start of spring.

When did February first appear on a calendar?

February, along with January, was introduced onto the Roman calendar by Numa Pompilous when the calendar was extended from ten to twelve. The word February comes from the word 'februa' - which means cleansing or purification, and reflects the rituals undertaken before Spring.

The Anglo Saxons called February 'Sol-monath' (cake-month), because cakes were offered to the gods during that month. February was also known to the Saxons as 'sprout-kale' from the sprouting of cabbage or kale.

Having only 28 days in non-leap years, February was known in Welsh as 'y mis bach' - the little month.

In Shakespeare's time about 400 years ago, the second month of the year was called 'Feverell'. In Isaac Newton's time one hundred years later it had become 'Februeer'. The modern name, February, is only about a hundred years old.

Candlemas Day (the Christian festival of lights )

2nd February is Candlemas Day. This ancient festival marks the midpoint of winter, halfway between the shortest day and the spring equinox. In olden times, many people used to say that the Christmas season lasted for forty days - until the second day of February.

Robert Herrick in his poem 'Ceremonies for Candlemas Eve' writes,

DOWN with the rosemary and bays,
Down with the misletoe
Instead of holly, now up-raise
The greener box (for show).

How did this 2nd February come to be called Candlemas?

It was the day of the year when all the candles, that were used in the church during the coming year, were brought into church and a blessing was said over them - so it was the Festival Day (or 'mass') of the Candles.

Candles were important in those days not only because there was no electric lights. Some people thought they gave protection against plague and illness and famine. For Christians, they were (and still are) a reminder of something even more important. Before Jesus came to earth, it was as if everyone was 'in the dark'. People often felt lost and lonely. Afraid. As if they were on their own, with no one to help them. Then came Jesus with his message that he is with his followers always ready to help and comfort them. As if he is a guiding light to them in the darkness. Christians often talk of Jesus as 'the light of the World' - and candles are lit during church services to remind Christians of this.

Borrowed Days - 12 - 14 February

12 - 14 February were traditionally said to be 'borrowed' from January. If these days were stormy, the year would be favoured with good weather: but if fine, the year's weather would be foul. The last three days of March were said to be borrowed from April.

Other Weather-lore, beliefs and sayings for February

It is said that if the weather is fine and frosty at the close of January and the beginning of February, there is more winter ahead than behind.

When the cat lies in the sun in February
She will creep behind the stove in March.

Of all the months of the year
Curse a fair February.

If it thunders in February, it will frost in April.

If February give much snow,
A fine summer it doth foreshow.

The Legend of the Snowdrop

The flower called snowdrop appears in February and is a symbol of hope. According to legend, the snowdrop became the symbol of hope when Adam and Eve were expelled from the Garden of Eden. When Eve was about to give up hope that the cold winters would never end, an angel appeared. She transformed some of the snowflakes into snowdrop flowers, proving that the winters do eventually give way to the spring.

There is an old rhyme which says:

"The Snowdrop, in purest white array, First rears her head on Candlemas day."

Interesting Facts

The name snowdrop does not mean 'drop' of snow, it means drop as in eardrop - the old word for earring.

Snowdrops are also known as known as Candlemas bells.

The Latin name for the snow drop is Galanthus, which means "milk flower".

Mysterious footprints

One of the strangest things ever to happen in England took place during the night of the 8th February 1855.

During the night, heavy snowfall blanketed the countryside and small villages of Southern Devon. In their houses, people huddled beneath their bedclothes on a night of intense cold. Slowly the first light of dawn came to reveal a bleak frozen landscape - and the footprints.

To the astonishment of all, when people left their houses they found thousands of mystery footsteps. These were in the shape of a cloven hoof, but they moved in single file. More astonishingly was the fact that they covered a distance of one hundred miles or more and went through fields, gardens, towns, and even over rooftops.

At first people were intrigued, but then became very frightened. The news swept quickly over the country and many people believed the footprints belonged to the devil. The London newspapers published the story and experts came to investigate the footprints, before the snow melted.

Nobody could offer any satisfactory solution to the mystery.

Traditional games played in February

Shrove Tuesday marks forty days before Easter. The forty days are supposed to be a time of quietness and fasting. Shrove Tuesday (sometimes called Mischief Day) was the last day before Lent, so it was the last day for fun and food for a long time.

A special game of football is a played in February. It is played differently from the game our country is well known for. This game of football has no rules and is played on Shrove Tuesday. In some villages and towns traffic would be stopped and all the men would come out into the street at a set time. The church bell would ring and a football would be thrown into the crowd and the biggest ever football game was played. This game is still played in some places in England.

Skipping is also a traditional Shrove Tuesday game.

Traditional Foods Eaten

The last few days before Lent are known as Shrovetide. A time of feasting and revelry.

Collop Monday was traditionally the day to eat large pieces of fried meat.

Shrove Tuesday was the last time luxury foods could be used. All over Britain different Shrove Tuesday meals were made - sometimes it was broth (Scotland), or doughnuts (Hertfordshire), frying pan pudding (Lincolnshire) or pea soup (Cornwall) - but the most usual meal and the meal we still make today is pancakes.

Festivals and Traditions

Candlemas is a traditional Christian festival that commemorates the ritual purification of Mary forty days after the birth of her son Jesus. On this day, Christians remember the presentation of Jesus Christ in the Temple. Forty days after the birth of a Jewish boy, it was the custom to take him to the temple in Jerusalem to be presented to God by his thankful parents.

In pre-Christian times, this day was known as the 'Feast of Lights' and celebrated the increase strength of the life-giving sun as winter gave way to spring.

This feast is called Candlemas because that was the day on which the year's supply of candles for the church were blessed.

St Valentines Day

This was originally thought to be the day on which birds chose their mates. There are many traditions and tales associated with romance activities on Valentines day including:

  • the first man an unmarried woman saw on 14th February would be her future husband
  • if the names of all a girl's suitors were written on paper and wrapped in clay and the clay put into water, the piece that rose to the surface first would contain the name of her husband-to-be.
  • if a woman saw a robin flying overhead on Valentine&rsquos Day, it meant she would marry a sailor. If she saw a sparrow, she would marry a poor man and be very happy. If she saw a goldfinch, she would marry a rich person.

Each year in Britain, we spend around £503m on cards, flowers, chocolates and other gifts for Valentine's Day. Traditionally these were sent anonymously, but now-a-days we often make it clear who is sending each 'Valentine'.

Shrove Tuesday

Shrove Tuesday marks forty days before Easter.
Read more about Shrove Tuesday

Ash Wednesday (the day after Shrove Tuesday)

A playground tradition was to carry a piece of twig from an ash tree in your pocket or down your sock. Anyone who didn't have an ash twig had his or her feet trodden on.
Find out more about Ash Wednesday

Kissing Friday (the Friday after Ash Wednesday)

Friday of Shrove Week, English schoolboys were once entitled to kiss girls without fear of punishment or rejection, a custom that lasted until at least the 1940s.

In Sileby, Leicestershire, Kissing Friday was called Nippy Hug Day. There men could demand a kiss from the woman of their choice, but if their petition was denied, they had the right to 'louse', or pinch, the woman's posterior - perhaps mimicking the pinching of lice?

Thinking Day.

This is the day when members of the Scout and Guide movements remember their founders Lord and Lady Robert Baden-Powell.

Leap Year Day - (occurs once every four years)

Anniversaries

5th - Birth date of Robert Peel in 1788. Formed first police force in London, hence nickname 'Bobbies'.

6th - Queen Elizabeth ll came to the throne on this day in 1952.

7th - Charles Dickens was born in 1812

8th - A minor earthquake shook Britain in 1750.

8th - A strange thing occurred in Devon (see above)

11th - Sir Francis Drake became the first known Englishman to sail the pacific in 1578

11th - Thomas Edison born in 1847
The phonograph and the motion-picture projector were only a few of Thomas Edison's more than 1,000 inventions.

12th - Birth of Charles Darwin in 1809

15th- In 1971 Britain went decimal. All the banks were shut on the 11th and 12th to prepare for the change over. Three million ponds was spent converting the country&rsquos phone boxes to take the new two pence pieces. Every cash register in the country had to be changed.

20th - On this day in 1896 the cinema came to Britain when a programme of films was shown for the first time to a paying audience.

23rd - Birth of George Frederick Handel in 1685
23rd - Birth of Samuel Pepys in 1632

Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website.
The two websites projectbritain.com and primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources.

Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consulatant.
She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.


In July, HMRC published draft legislation affecting Post-Employment Notice Pay (PENP ). These changes are expected to take effect from 6 April 2021, pending Parliamentary approval.

In March 2020 we told you that were going to withdraw the facility for employers to order blank P45s and P60s. This change came into effect on 1 August 2020.

You must give all employees a P60 at the end of each tax year, and a P45 when they stop working for you. The vast majority of employers already produce their own P45s and P60s, using free or commercial software. A full list of approved payroll software can be found in the payroll software guide. These include free software for businesses with fewer than 10 employees.

Employers who are exempt from operating their payroll online are not affected by the change and can continue to order by phone.


Watch the video: When is Fathers Day 2021. History Of Fathers Day. Why do we celebrate Fathers Day. (January 2022).