Information

Alexander Konovalov


Alexander Konovalov was born in Moscow on 17th September, 1875. He became one of Russia's largest textile manufacturers.

In 1905 Tsar Nicholas II faced a series of domestic problems that became known as the 1905 Revolution. This included Bloody Sunday, the Potemkin Mutiny and a series of strikes that led to the establishment of the St. Petersburg Soviet. Over the next few weeks over 50 of these soviets were formed all over Russia.

Sergi Witte, the new Chief Minister, advised Nicholas II to make concessions. He eventually agreed and published the October Manifesto. This granted freedom of conscience, speech, meeting and association. He also promised that in future people would not be imprisoned without trial. Finally he announced that no law would become operative without the approval of a new organization called the Duma.

The historian, Pavel Milyukov, who had been living in exile, now returned to Russia and established the Constitutional Democratic Party (Cadets). He also drafted the Vyborg Manifesto that called for more political freedom. Konovalov was one of those who joined this new party. Other members included George Lvov, Ariadna Tyrkova, Peter Struve, Sofia Panina, Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov, Nikolai Nekrasov, Sergey Oldenburg, Alexander Kornilov, Nikolay Gredeskul, Vasily Maklakov and Vladimir Vernadsky. The Cadets demanded universal suffrage and a Constituent Assembly that would determine the country's form of government.

Sergi Witte was eventually replaced by Peter Stolypin, who made changes to the electoral law. This excluded national minorities and dramatically reduced the number of people who could vote in Poland, Siberia, the Caucasus and in Central Asia. The new electoral law also gave better representation to the nobility and gave greater power to the large landowners to the detriment of the peasants. Changes were also made to the voting in towns and now those owning their own homes elected over half the urban deputies.

In 1912 Konovalov was elected to he Fourth Duma. He was now the leader of the business-oriented Progressive Party. The reactionaries and the nationalists were still in the majority but there had been an increase in the number of radicals (Socialist-Revolutionaries, Mensheviks, Bolsheviks) elected.

The outbreak of the First World War caused great conflict in the Duma between those who opposed or supported the war effort. In 1914 the Russian Army was the largest army in the world. However, Russia's poor roads and railways made the effective deployment of these soldiers difficult. By December, 1914, the army had 6,553,000 men. However, they only had 4,652,000 rifles. Untrained troops were ordered into battle without adequate arms or ammunition. In 1915 Russia suffered over 2 million casualties and lost Kurland, Lithuania and much of Belorussia. Agricultural production slumped and civilians had to endure serious food shortages.

In September 1915, Tsar Nicholas II replaced Grand Duke Nikolai as supreme commander of the Russian Army fighting on the Eastern Front. This failed to change the fortunes of the armed forces and by the end of the year there were conscription riots in several cities. He ordered an offensive led by General Alexei Brusilov, commander of the Russian Army in the South West. When the offensive was called to a halt in the autumn of 1916, the Russian Army had lost almost a million men.

During the war Tereshchenko he helped organize the Red Cross hospitals. In 1915 he became the chairman of the Military Industry Committee of the Kiev district and deputy chairman of the All-Russian Military Industry Committee. Although he gave loyal support to the government during this period, other members of the Duma were highly critical of the government.

On 26th February Nicholas II ordered the Duma to close down. Members refused and they continued to meet and discuss what they should do. Michael Rodzianko, President of the Duma, sent a telegram to the Tsar suggesting that he appoint a new government led by someone who had the confidence of the people. When the Tsar did not reply, the Duma nominated a Provisional Government headed by Prince George Lvov. Alexander Konovalov was asked to become Minister of Trade and Industry. Other ministers included Pavel Milyukov (Foreign Minister), Alexander Guchkov (Minister of War), Alexander Kerensky (Minister of Justice), Mikhail Tereshchenko (Finance Minister) and Peter Struve (Ministry of Foreign Affairs).

Soon after taking power Pavel Milyukov wrote to all Allied ambassadors describing the situation since the change of government: "Free Russia does not aim at the domination of other nations, or at occupying by force foreign territories. Its aim is not to subjugate or humiliate anyone. In referring to the "penalties and guarantees" essential to a durable peace the Provisional Government had in view reduction of armaments, the establishment of international tribunals, etc." He attempted to maintain the Russian war effort but he was severely undermined by the formation of soldiers' committee that demanded "peace without annexations or indemnities".

As Robert V. Daniels, the author of Red October: The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 (1967) pointed out: "On the 20th April, Milyukov's note was made public, to the accompaniment of intense popular indignation. One of the Petrograd regiments, stirred up by the speeches of a mathematician who happened to be serving in the ranks, marched to the Marinsky Palace (the seat of the government at the time) to demand Milyukov's resignation." With the encouragement of the Bolsheviks, the crowds marched under the banner, "Down with the Provisional Government".

On 5th May, Pavel Milyukov and Alexander Guchkov, the two most conservative members of the Provisional Government, were forced to resign. Milyukov was replaced by Mikhail Tereshchenko and Guchkov by Alexander Kerensky. He toured the Eastern Front where he made a series of emotional speeches where he appealed to the troops to continue fighting. On 18th June, Kerensky announced a new war offensive. Encouraged by the Bolsheviks, who favoured peace negotiations, there were demonstrations against Kerensky in Petrograd.

Tereshchenko continued Milyukov's foreign policy course, which led to his conflict with opponents of Russia's participation in the First World War. Kerensky was also unwilling to end the war. In fact, soon after taking office, he announced a new summer offensive. Soldiers on the Eastern Front were dismayed at the news and regiments began to refuse to move to the front line. There was a rapid increase in the number of men deserting and by the autumn of 1917 an estimated 2 million men had unofficially left the army. Some of these soldiers returned to their homes and used their weapons to seize land from the nobility. Manor houses were burnt down and in some cases wealthy landowners were murdered. Kerensky and the Provisional Government issued warnings but were powerless to stop the redistribution of land in the countryside.

After the failure of the July Offensive on the Eastern Front, Kerensky replaced General Alexei Brusilov with General Lavr Kornilov, as Supreme Commander of the Russian Army. The two men soon clashed about military policy. Kornilov wanted Kerensky to restore the death-penalty for soldiers and to militarize the factories. On 7th September, Kornilov demanded the resignation of the Cabinet and the surrender of all military and civil authority to the Commander in Chief. Kerensky responded by dismissing Kornilov from office and ordering him back to Petrograd.

Kornilov now sent troops under the leadership of General Krymov to take control of Petrograd. Kerensky was now in danger and so he called on the Soviets and the Red Guards to protect Petrograd. The Bolsheviks, who controlled these organizations, agreed to this request, but in a speech made by their leader, Lenin, he made clear they would be fighting against Kornilov rather than for Kerensky. Within a few days Bolsheviks had enlisted 25,000 armed recruits to defend Petrograd. While they dug trenches and fortified the city, delegations of soldiers were sent out to talk to the advancing troops. Meetings were held and Kornilov's troops decided to refuse to attack Petrograd. General Krymov committed suicide and Kornilov was arrested and taken into custody.

Alexander Kerensky now became the new Supreme Commander of the Russian Army. His continued support for the war effort made him unpopular in Russia and on 8th October, 1917, Kerensky attempted to recover his left-wing support by forming a new coalition that included more Mensheviks and Socialist Revolutionaries. However, with the Bolsheviks controlling the Soviets, and now able to call on 25,000 armed militia, Kerensky was unable to reassert his authority.

On 14th October, Kerensky went to tour the battlefield and asked Konovalov to be acting Prime Minister. On 22nd October, Konovalov went with Mikhail Tereshchenko to have lunch with British Ambassador George Buchanan. They both told Buchanan that Kerensky was too much of a socialist to deal effectively with "the forces of anarchy". Konovalov did what he could about organizing loyal troops but he was fighting a losing battle.

On 24th October 1917 Lenin wrote a letter to the members of the Central Committee: "The situation is utterly critical. It is clearer than clear that now, already, putting off the insurrection is equivalent to its death. With all my strength I wish to convince my comrades that now everything is hanging by a hair, that on the agenda now are questions that are decided not by conferences, not by congresses (not even congresses of soviets), but exclusively by populations, by the mass, by the struggle of armed masses… No matter what may happen, this very evening, this very night, the government must be arrested, the junior officers guarding them must be disarmed, and so on… History will not forgive revolutionaries for delay, when they can win today (and probably will win today), but risk losing a great deal tomorrow, risk losing everything."

On the evening of 24th October, orders were given for the Bolsheviks to occupy the railway stations, the telephone exchange and the State Bank. The following day the Red Guards surrounded the Winter Palace. Inside was most of the country's Cabinet, although Kerensky had managed to escape from the city. The Winter Palace was defended by Cossacks, some junior army officers and the Woman's Battalion. At 9 p.m. the Aurora and the Peter and Paul Fortress began to open fire on the palace. Little damage was done but the action persuaded most of those defending the building to surrender. The Red Guards, led by Vladimir Antonov-Ovseenko, now entered the Winter Palace and arrested the Cabinet ministers. On 26th October, 1917, the All-Russian Congress of Soviets met and handed over power to the Soviet Council of People's Commissars.

After the Russian Revolution Konovalov emigrated to France. He died in Paris on 28th January, 1949.

Palchinsky was waiting in the outer room to report the decision to the Bolsheviks. His notes read: "Breakthrough up the stairs. Decision not to fire. Refusal to negotiate. Go out to meet attackers. Antonov now in charge. I am arrested by Antonov and Chudnovsky." The two Bolshevik leaders entered the Malachite Hall alone and demanded that the cadet guards surrender. The cadets handed over their weapons. In the inner room, one of the ministers suggested that they all sit down at the table in a position of official dignity. There they waited helplessly to be arrested.

A moment later, the crowd of attackers with Antonov at its head burst through the door into the cabinet room. Antonov was not the type who would terrify an adversary, and justice Minister Maliantovich was able to form a careful impression of him: "The little man wore his coat hanging open, and a wide-brimmed hat shoved back onto the back of his neck; he had long reddish hair and glasses, a short trimmed moustache and a small beard. His short upper lip pulled up to his nose when he talked. He had colorless eyes and a tired face. For some reason his shirt-front and collar especially attracted my attention and stuck in my memory. A very high starched folded collar propped his chin up. On his soft shirt-front a long necktie crawled up from his vest to his collar. His collar and shirt and cuffs and hands were those of a very dirty man."

Acting Prime Minister Konovalov calmly addressed Antonov: "This is the Provisional Government. What would you like?"

To Antonov's nearsighted eyes the ministers "merged into one pale-grey trembling spot." He shouted, "In the name of the Military Revolutionary Committee I declare you under arrest."

"The members of the Provisional Government submit to violence and surrender to avoid bloodshed," Konovalov replied, amidst the hoots of the Bolshevik crowd. It was 2:10 a.m. on the morning of Thursday, October 26.

On Antonov's demand, the ministers turned over their pistols and papers. Chudnovsky took the roll of those arrested-the whole cabinet except for Kerensky and Prokopovich. This was the first knowledge the attackers had that the chief prize had eluded their grasp, and in their anger some of the soldiers shouted demands to shoot the rest of the ministers. Antonov appointed a guard of the more reliable sailors to march the prisoners down to the square, designated Chudnovsky as commissar of the Palace, and sent a message to Blagonravov at the Peter-Paul fortress to tell him that the government really had surrendered and to order that prison cells be made ready to receive the Provisional Government. "We were placed under arrest," wrote the Minister of Agriculture, Maslov, "and told that we would be taken to the Peter-Paul fortress. We picked up our coats, but Kishkin's was gone. Someone had stolen it. He was given a soldier's coat. A discussion started between Antonov, the soldiers, and the sailors as to whether the ministers should be taken to their destination in automobiles or on foot. It was decided to make them walk. Each of us was guarded by two men. As we walked through the Palace it seemed as if it were filled with the insurrectionists, some of whom were drunk. When we came out on the street we were surrounded by a mob, shouting, threatening ... and demanding Kerensky. The mob seemed determined to take the law into its own hands and one of the ministers was jostled a bit." Bolshevik participants admitted that the crowd was "drunk with victory" and threatened to lynch the terrified captives. A detail of fifty sailors and workers was formed to march them to the fortress.

Antonov started to move off with the group, when suddenly some shots rang out from the opposite side of the square. Everyone scattered, and when the group reassembled, five of the ministers were missing. There were more shouts to kill the rest, but Antonov got the detail moving again in an orderly fashion. Once again, near the Troitsky Bridge, they were fired on from an automobile. It was a car full of Bolsheviks who didn't know about the victory. Antonov jumped on the car and shouted his identity; the sailors swore, and the occupants of the car barely escaped a beating. Finally the group reached the gate of the Peter-Paul fortress, where the five missing ministers turned up with their guards in a car. The ministers were locked into the same damp cells that had once held the enemies of the Tsar.

Within the Palace there was near-chaos. Soldiers started looting the imperial furnishings, until a guard of sailors, workers, and "the most conscious soldiers" were posted to stop them. Other soldiers and sailors broke into the imperial wine cellars and began drinking themselves into a wild frenzy. Troops sent in to stop the orgy got drunk in turn. Finally a detachment of sailors fought their way in and dynamited the source of the trouble. Out on the Palace Square the tumult gradually subsided. Commissar Dzenis wrote, "Order was restored. Guards were posted. The Kexholm Regiment was placed on guard. Towards morning the units dispersed to their barracks, the detachments of Red Guards went back to their districts, and the spectators went home. Everyone had one thought: "The power has been seized, but what will happen next?"

There was a noise behind the door and it burst open like a splinter of wood thrown out by a wave, a little man flew into the room, pushed in by the onrushing crowd which poured in after him, like water, at once spilled into every corner and filled the room.

"Where are the members of the Provisional Government?"

"The Provisional Government is here," said Kornovalov, remaining seated.

"What do you want?"

"I inform you, all of you, members of the Provisional Government, that you are under arrest. I am Antonov-Ovseenko, chairman of the Military Revolutionary Committee."

"Run them through, the sons of bitches! Why waste time with them? They've drunk enough of our blood!" yelled a short sailor, stamping the floor with his rifle."

There were sympathetic replies: "What the devil, comrades! Stick them all on bayonets, make short work of them!"

Antonov-Ovseenko raised his head and shouted sharply: "Comrades, keep calm!" All members of the Provisional Government are arrested. They will be imprisoned in the Fortress of St. Peter and St. Paul. I'll permit no violence. Conduct yourself calmly. Maintain order! Power is now in your hands. You must maintain order!"


Former Rector of Kazan University, Academician Alexander Konovalov passes away aged 87

Alexander Konovalov’s whole career was dedicated to Kazan University.

In 1956, he graduated from the Faculty of Chemistry of Kazan University. Next year, he was hired to the Department of Organic Chemistry, then headed by famous Academician Boris Arbuzov . From 1968 till 1972, Konovalov was the Dean of the Faculty of Chemistry, from 1974 till 1990 – Chair of the Department of Organic Chemistry, and from 1979 to 1990 he served as the Rector of Kazan State University.

Apart from that, he worked as Director of the Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry (Kazan Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences), Chairman of the Presidium of the Kazan Center of RAS, Vice-President of the Mendeleev Russian Chemical Society, Member of the Presidium of RAS, and Chairman of the Scientific Council of RAS on Organic and Organoelement Chemistry.

Academician Konovalov’s primary scientific interests were physical organic chemistry, chemistry of organophosphorus compounds, chemistry of renewable natural resources, supramolecular chemistry, and nanochemistry. He co-authored over 1,000 papers and books and registered over 50 patents.

In 1963, under the guidance of Academician Arbuzov, he defended his PhD thesis “Diene synthesis and charge transfer complexes”. Konovalov’s DSc dissertation “Investigation of the mechanism of the reaction of diene synthesis” (1974) contained an exhaustive kinetic and thermodynamic study of the reaction of diene synthesis. He and his students solved the most important fundamental problem of physical organic chemistry – the establishment of factors that determine the reactivity of addends in the reactions [2 + 2], [3 + 2] and [4 + 2] cycloaddition. Within the framework of a single regularity, a change in the reactivity (reaction rate constants) of reacting systems in a colossal range (20 orders of magnitude) was described, a “neutral” type of diene synthesis reaction was discovered, which completed the classification of these reactions according to the donor-acceptor characteristic.

Konovalov and his students made a significant contribution to the study of solvation processes in organic solvents. For the series of works “Development of the theoretical foundations of the chemistry of non-aqueous solutions and their practical use”, in which the thermodynamics of solvation and intermolecular interactions in non-aqueous solvents were investigated and the quantitative laws of the processes were established, he was awarded the State Prize in Science and Technology (1987).

An original approach was proposed by Konovalov and his collaborators to studying the acidity of organic compounds in solutions of various solvating capacities. The use of a supramolecular system of the “guest-host” type (metal cation – cryptand) as a counterion led to the creation on a single basis of a universal ion-pair acidity scale applicable to solvents of any polarity when applied to compounds with an acid property range (pKA) of 5-40.

In 1979, he was elected Rector of Kazan University. During his eleven years on the post, he paid attention to developing the University’s infrastructure, research, and international standing. Major efforts were directed at refurbishment and repairs. The History Museum was established, residential buildings were constructed for the University’s suburban observatory, the Caucasus Observatory was established notably, KFU’s well-known UNICS Culture and Sports Center was built during his two terms as the leader of the University.

Starting in 1995, Konovalov and his team turned to supramolecular chemistry. The result of complex applied research was the creation of scientific foundations for the technological processing of renewable plant raw materials (amaranth, lupine) in order to isolate biologically important substances and food components: pectins, proteins, etc. A developed technology of pectin production, using the waste of fermented milk production – milk whey, is environmentally safe. On the basis of organophosphorus derivatives of nitrogen-containing heterocycles, an effective plant growth stimulator, Melafen, was created, which acts in extremely low concentrations.

In recent years, Konovalov’s scientific interest was focused on the study of highly diluted aqueous solutions. The “effect of ultra-low concentrations and electromagnetic fields” was discovered, which solutions of many chemical compounds are capable of exhibiting. The essence of the effect is that in aqueous solutions of compounds of various chemical nature, ultralow concentrations and only in the presence of external electromagnetic fields, nanoscale (up to 400 nm, ζ-potential from -2 to -20 mV) structures (nanoassociates) consisting mainly of water molecules and initiated by a solute are formed.

Among Academician Konovalov’s awards are Order of the Red Banner of Labor, Order of the Friendship of Peoples, Order of Honor, Order for Merit to the Fatherland, Order for Merit to the Republic of Tatarstan, State Prize of the Soviet Union, State Prize of the Republic of Tatarstan, National Triumph Prize, Mendeleev Gold Medal, Butlerov Gold Medal, and Markovnikov International Prize.

We extend our deepest condolences to the family and friends of Alexander Konovalov. His immeasurable contributions to the University are to be forever remembered by grateful colleagues and students.


Alexander Konovalov

We need at least 200-300 people, it's the only thing that can save us. Otherwise, we won't pull through.

Minister Konovalov calls the City Duma from his office and manages to say a few words to the effect that palace has been seized.

The Military Revolutionary Committee have broken in . We only have a small number of cadets. In a few minutes, we will be arrested.

"In the name of the Military Revolutionary Committee, I pronounce you arrested!", I say. "Provisional Government members surrender to avoid bloodshed", answered Konovalov.

Provisional Government members surrender to avoid bloodshed.

Antonov pronounced everyone arrested in the name of the MRC and started making a list of everyone present. Minister Konovalov signed his name first, then Kishkin and others. Kerensky was not in the palace.

The meeting of the Provisional Government is coming to an end at the Winter Palace. They approved a plan of capturing Smolny. All ministers are heading home, only Kerensky and his deputy, Minister of Trade Alexander Konovalov, remain.

Kerensky wasn't there. I asked where he was, and Konovalov replied that Kerensky had left at 11 a.m. in a car and headed towards the troops who were making their way to Petrograd to support the Provisional Government.

A Provisional Government session is beginning. Konovalov reports on the events of last night and relays news of Kerensky’s departure and of the current defense situation. The ministers express their displeasure at the insufficient protective measures in place around the Winter Palace.

A deputation from the Cossacks arrived at the Winter Palace. Acting Head of Government Alexander Konovalov left to negotiate with them, having appointed Minister of the Navy Dmitry Verdeversky in his place.

министр торговли и промышленности Alexander Konovalov suggests remaining at the Winter Palace up until the arrest. Everyone accepts the suggestion unanimously.

The Petrograd Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies has declared the government deposed and demanded the transfer of power under the threat of bombardment of the Winter Palace by the canons of the Peter and Paul Fortress and battleship “Aurora.” The government can only hand over the power to the Constituent Assembly and has decided not to surrender and to give itself up for protection to the army and the people. Speed up the troop dispatch.


Alexander Konovalov

Mr. Alexander Konovalov is a Director-Corporate Governance & Legal Affairs at Navigation-Information Systems JSC.

Chief Financial Officer at Navigation-Information Systems JSC

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Head of Foreign Cooperation Department at Navigation-Information Systems JSC

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Senior Vice President at Sistema JSFC (Private Equity)

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Technical Director at Navigation-Information Systems JSC

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Director-Internal Control & Audit at Navigation-Information Systems JSC

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Director-Management Services Procurement & Tenders at Navigation-Information Systems JSC

Relationship likelihood: Strong

PR Director at Navigation-Information Systems JSC

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Director at Navigation-Information Systems JSC

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Former Chief Executive Officer & Director at Navigation-Information Systems JSC

Relationship likelihood: Average

President at Russian Towers OOO

Relationship likelihood: Average

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Navigation-Information Systems JSC provides navigation services. It offers transportation monitoring system which is designed to automate and direct operations of mobile emergency response units, vehicles and equipment. The firm develops satellite navigation technologies. The company was founded in 2007 and is headquartered in Moscow, Rus sia.

Alexander Konovalov is affiliated with Navigation-Information Systems JSC

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Alexander Konovalov - History

Friedrich Griess, geb. am 25.4.1932 in Wien

1950 Matura am Stiftsgymnasium in Melk
1950-1956 Studium der Elektrotechnik an der TH Wien
1952-1954 Besuch der theologischen Kurse "Laienjahr"
1956-1957 postgraduate Studium in Saclay/Frankreich
1957-1964 Mitarbeiter von Siemens in Wien
1959 Eheschließung mit Mag. Leopoldine, geb. Prankl
Kinder: Bernhard (1960), Wiltrud (1963), Helge (1966),
Gernot (1969)
1964-1970 Forschungstätigkeit in Halden/Norwegen
1970-1995 Systemberater bei IBM in Wien
seitdem "aktiver Pensionist".

Seit meiner Jugend bemühe ich mich, einen Beitrag zu einer evangeliumsgemäßen Reform der katholischen Kirche zu leisten. Es ist schön, dabei viele Gleichgesinnte um sich zu wissen. Ich bemühe mich auch, in meiner Pfarrgemeinde etwas dazu beizutragen. Ich unterstütze die Plattform Wir sind Kirche und ich arbeite in der Laieninitiative mit.

Meine leidvollen Erfahrungen anlässlich des Beitritts eines meiner Kinder zu den Smiths Freunden veranlassten mich, in der "Gesellschaft gegen Sekten- und Kultgefahren" mitzuarbeiten. Im Rahmen des "Internationalen Jahres der Freiwilligen 2001" wurde mein Einsatz in der Broschüre "Gesichter der Menschlichkeit" des Bundesministeriums für soziale Sicherheit und Generationen gewürdigt. Von 22. Mai 2005 bis zum 17. Mai 2009 war ich Präsident der FECRIS und bin dort weiterhin tätig.

Ich informiere Sie auch gerne über Tvind/Humana/DAPP/UFF/. .

Sie können mir gerne Nachrichten senden:

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20 journals with most GAP citations

The GAP Bibliography currently contains 2217 records. Among others, it contains 1961 journal publication (the rest are books, PhD theses, preprints, etc.). These journal publications represent 331 journal, but almost a half of them (1042 papers) are published in the following 20 journals:

  1. J. Algebra : 258 : 137 .: 88
  2. (*) Discrete Math.: 66
  3. (*) Experiment. Math.: 42 : 41 .: 41
  4. (*) European J. Combin.: 38
  5. (*?) LMS J. Comput. Math.: 37
  6. (*) J. Pure Appl. Algebra: 37 .: 36
  7. (*) Des. Codes Cryptogr.: 35 : 33 .: 26
  8. (*) J. Combin. Theory Ser. A: 25 .: 25 .: 22 : 20 .: 18 .: 17

It’s interesting, however, which of these journals suggest publishing code together with the paper? I have marked with (*) journals where the guidelines for authors (click on the journal title to see them) at least mention an opportunity to submit supplementary material, though the wording used may be quite different. For example, Elsevier’s Discrete Math., European Journal of Combinatorics, J. Pure Appl. Algebra, J. Combin. Theory (Ser.A) and Advances in Mathematics all say “Supplementary files offer the author additional possibilities to publish supporting applications, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips and more”, so the code could go under “more”. Experimental Mathematics is more explicit in suggesting that “detailed code can be submitted as a computer supplement”.

There is no information available at the moment for the LMS Journal of Computation and Mathematics, which is currently closed for new submissions, awaiting for the LMS Special General Meeting tomorrow, but there were some in the past. You may see an example how they worked in the paper by Meinolf Geck linked from “In which journals should I publish my software” post by Neil Chue Hong of the Software Sustainability Institute.

Finally, Designs, Codes and Cryptography accepts “electronic multimedia files (animations, movies, audio, etc.) and other supplementary files to be published online along with an article or a book chapter”. In particular, it says that “specialized format such as .pdb (chemical), .wrl (VRML), .nb (Mathematica notebook), and .tex can also be supplied”.

I haven’t discovered suggestions to submit the code in other journals from the list above. I am happy to be corrected in case I’ve overlooked them, but in this case other authors could probably overlook them too…


Interview with Alexander Konovalov, CEO Technologies Improving the World (TIW)

Moneycab: Mr. Konovalov, the name of your company «Technologies Improving the World», TIW, immediately sets the pace. How did it go from the very beginning in 2014, were you able to improve the world a little?

Alexander Konovalov: Of course, the history of the company dates back much earlier. In my childhood, I was already fond of physics, radio electronics technology always interested me. But my life gave me the opportunity first to become a civil engineer, then an economist, then get an SE MBA degree, work as a financial director of an industrial corporation, then be a shareholder in some industrial enterprises and engage in my consulting business in finance and legal practice. This long journey (17 years) has allowed me to get unique experiences in different spheres, it helps me very much and distinguishes our company from a lot of start-ups.

I always understood that all my hard work does not improve the world in any way. At the same time, ideas that occurred to me 3-5 years earlier than they were introduced, were being continually implemented somewhere in the large technological corporations.

The ideas of Droid Translator and United Help came to me in 2011. Each of them is the solution to some situations that I had to face personally. As for the idea of DROTR, I know only Russian and Ukrainian, I don’t speak English. As for the United Help idea, it was that one time I encountered an attack on myself without the possibility of calling for help, and when my son was born, I had to think about his safety.

„Ukrainian Forbes included my patent for smartphone voice control in the list of five best patents.“ Alexander Konovalov, CEO Technologies Improving the World (TIW)

In 2011, as an experiment, we created the world’s first newsreader with voice control. You could drive, listen to news from the Internet and manage the paging with your voice. I enjoyed it, and it was really convenient. Later, Ukrainian Forbes included my patent for smartphone voice control in the list of five best patents. But the application had to be abandoned because it could not be monetized (all newsreaders from major players came for free). Although even then I was convinced that with such innovations the world would become a better place. People are thankful, and that’s great.

I understood that not only I needed the ideas of DROTR and United Help, but the whole world did. It took me almost two years to finally turn my life upside down at 35 and start implementing my ideas to life in 2013. It wasn’t easy to pick the name for the company, and I decided to name it literally for what we really were going to do – Technologies Improving the World. And then I saw the astonished eyes of our clients, experts at Paris LeWeb-2013, a lot of publications and reviews around the world. It’s such an inexpressible feeling when you understand the value of what you are doing and the importance of this for the whole world. It’s nice to realize that we were the first in the world to implement calls with translation. We even started a world trend in development in the field of translation, including many our current followers. We have an exciting journey lying ahead of us, but the whole basis for developing this global business is already laid.

What is the ownership structure of TIW, are you looking for additional investors or shareholders?

We have a simple ownership structure – we are equal partners with Eugen von Rubinberg. Rubinberg AG (Switzerland) works with investors and partners, and I am engaged in the management of operational activities and product development. My main function is to generate innovations and implement them. Innovations are not only technologies but also new approaches to business.

«I plan to get a working visa in Switzerland and move there with my family to fully immerse myself in scaling business and building a global sales system.»

For today, we are open to proposals for cooperation and investment, but we treat this issue very carefully. We have the resources to launch our products to the market we know where and how to sell them – getting investments is not the goal. We aim to be on the same page with our partners, to believe and have ambitions to build one of the best and largest companies in the world. For this, of course, we need to unite efforts with a lot of people and companies, and we are already actively moving in this direction.

The headquarters of the company is located in Switzerland, and the development takes place mainly in Kyiv and Prague. How did this happen? In which regions and countries do you see the greatest growth opportunities for TIW?

We have an R&D center in Kyiv. As you know, engineers in Ukraine are highly qualified and recognized throughout the world. In Kyiv, only development of products will be held. Since the products are ready and the sales are starting, we have already opened an office in Germany, Mannheim (to launch United Help). We are also preparing central offices in Switzerland, Germany for the development of sales. Besides, we began to work on the establishment of a representative office in the United States. All sales, PR, marketing, strategic management – everything will be concentrated on the team in Switzerland, which we have partially put together and will continue to develop. This year, I plan to get a working visa in Switzerland and move there with my family to fully immerse myself in scaling business and building a global sales system.

One of the most significant problems for most start-ups is start-up financing, and then financing growth. TIW already employs more than 80 people. How did you finance this growth and how will you fund further expansion?

Yes, it is very difficult to resolve the issue of start-up financing. At this stage, most companies stop. You need to think, do, do well, sell and only then rely on some investments.

I managed to solve this issue in such a way that I funded the company initially of my own resources. Later, Eugen von Rubinberg became the investor, and we were able to start gaining momentum.

Now I am sure that our clients, the large companies that are interested in our products, will become the best investments and assets. Sales are the best thing. Of course, for the development of sales, too, investment is needed, and the amounts needed here are quite large. For this, we reached preliminary agreements with some investment funds and private investors. I think that in parallel with sales, we will solve this issue and attract additional funding for a global start.

The TIW portfolio includes five products in the field of communications, security and the Internet of Things. Where do you now see the greatest chance for success, which idea should lead to a breakthrough?

The world is always full of opportunities. Each of our products is not just a technology it’s a new business opportunity. For example, DROTR – it would seem a busy niche, but the issue of monetizing this market has not yet been resolved. WhatsApp, e.g., has about $ 200 million per year of operating costs, while remaining free of charge and ads. Strange business, isn’t it? But they of all people know what they are doing and why. We have our approach: we discovered four new ways to monetize a messenger and attract user traffic. We will soon begin to announce them, as we enter the market.

United Help is a global personal security system. Strangely enough, while security is the basic need of people – there is no leader in the personal security market. More precisely, there is no such market at all. Of course, United Help has every chance of becoming this world leader. It will be a business that is far superior regarding profitability to the advertising business, on which today Facebook and Google are built. The value and worth of a business must and will depend on the benefits that it brings. Yes, we have been making this decision for a long time, planning to launch by fall. But this is the case when it is undoubtedly worth it.

«Each of our products is not just a technology it’s a new business opportunity.»

Ausweis.io was also created at the very beginning of a new trend in the smart access market. In this market, too, there is no world leader. We plan to become it as we have all the possibilities and a ready-made product.

We also created our solution in the online advertising market – CashTime, and a new monetization model for social applications – YouGiver. The solutions are ready, the sales began, and they too have every chance of global success.

I look forward to a DROTR breakthrough in the field of messaging and communications approaches, United Help – in creating a new personal security market, Ausweis.io – in the field of access services, CashTime – in the field of online monetization and advertising, and YouGiver – in the sphere of monetization of social services and е-commerce.

And these are not just ideas – they are ready-made solutions that have been evaluated by experts from each of the industries and start their journey to the global market.

With five different products, TIW has an exceptionally broad set-up for a startup. How do you use the resources for further development, do you plan time staggering or possibly focusing on individual offers?

Each product has its team and strategy of launching and promoting. Our products partially complement each other and are linked together, so the promotion of one helps the others. We create a synergistic effect from their interaction. For example, the Ausweis.io built-in alarm will be connected to call the response group using United Help when the door unlocks is unauthorized DROTR is the first YouGiver client with real gifts embedded in the messenger. All products are clients of CashTime since advertising is needed for everyone. Also, they have shared markets and customers.

It is also worth noting that all of our ideas are venture products. The fact that we can provide such diversification for our investors significantly reduces their risks. With the success of any of the products, we will be able to ensure a multiple growth in investments. With the success of two or more products – the return on investment can amount to hundreds and thousands of percent, as it has already been many times in the world history. I am sure our products today are the best tool for medium and long-term investment.

Your first development, DROTR (Droid Translator), can do almost anything WhatsApp can, plus translate voice and text messages into more than one hundred languages. What in the application is intellectual property and how does DROTR succeed in the market against such a strong competitor as WhatsApp?

We are not trying to compete with WhatsApp or Skype. On the contrary, it’s Skype who is trying to compete with us, partially integrating the translation functions. For me, this is actually good, because they confirm the correctness of our path. Despite the fact that we are still the only service in the world providing a translation of voice and video calls to 44 languages for Android and iOS platforms. The functions of translation are no longer our strategic advantage. Today the world has changed. Competing with technology is a very short-term competitive advantage. The best competitive advantage, the most valuable invention, is the new business model. For DROTR, we have four such new monetization models, and we will compete with just that. I’ll be able to tell about this later, as the public launch of each option starts.

«The best competitive advantage, the most valuable invention, is the new business model.»

Since DROTR is free, how are you planning on making money on this?

As I mentioned above, we have four new monetization models. At the same time, the application can remain free of charge and ads and earn money honestly. Having experience in attempts of copying our ideas in the field of translation and security, I will better discuss the details later.

You are planning a completely new approach with CashTime. Here, users are paid for the time spent on online advertising. Then you can spend profits on other online services, such as movies, music, games or magazines. Who is the target audience and how do you want to attract enough market participants to make it attractive?

Yes, this is a new approach. The online advertising market today is one of the largest markets in the world ($ 220B with a growth potential of up to $ 300B in the next three years). We created a product that solves a lot of problems in this market when with existing solutions advertisers lose not only money but often reputation and attitude towards their brand. In CashTime, the advertiser immediately benefits in 60%. As you know, at least 30% of the click fraud is machine-based and bots. We completely solved this problem.

«CashTime payments will only be conducted for real human contact with an understanding of the advertisement and positive attitude towards it.»

The second 30% are ad blockers. There is a constant increase in the number of users who install ad blockers. We also completely solved this problem. But the main thing is that the advertiser receives a motivated and positive contact. For large brands, this is much more valuable than money loss. People engaged in advertising know the problem of neighboring ads and negative attitude towards annoying advertising. We solved this issue. How exactly? It is a matter of a separate professional discussion. But for business owners, people who are responsible for the result, we provide a simple understanding that CashTime payments will only be conducted for real human contact with an understanding of the advertisement and positive attitude towards it. It is a completely new approach. I’m glad we managed to create such a solution as I was an advertiser and faced all the shortcomings of existing solutions.

With Ausweis.io, you aim to solve a problem that affects us several times a day: opening and closing doors and entrances. How does your range of access solutions differ from major lock manufacturers such as Kaba, or supplementary systems such as Danalock?

If you briefly recall the Ausweis.io idea story, it all started when I arrived in Zurich in 2016, and my plane landed at 1 am. I needed to get to the rented apartment, but to find the key I needed to figure out a photo emailed to me. The trick was that the instruction was in German. Was it a quest? Although the idea to make it possible to share the key to a rented apartment occurred to me before, this story became determinant so that we could improve the world even in this segment.

Ausweis.io is an entirely new approach to access management. First of all, it is essential to understand that we are not a smart lock, as the solutions you indicated. We are an access sharing service. Ausweis Device is a smart controller that can work both online and offline, manage any electromechanical, electromagnetic locks, gates, barriers. It can also be installed along with the existing access control systems, for example, where the old cards are already used. At the same time, our device due to its simplicity and versatility is much cheaper than any other solution, convenient and easy to install. So how do we differ? We are entirely different we just cannot be compared. We can provide the functionality that smart locks do and much more. Smart locks cannot provide the functionality that we do. At the same time, the market for our access control systems, and smart locks is almost empty. I think that practically no one has seen this in action, everything is just starting in this market.

At the end of the interview, you have two wishes. Which are they?

I wish for the new technologies and innovations to work for the benefit of society and make the world a better place, as we do. Secondly, I wish for TIW to become the world leader with each of its products, providing the best return on the investments for its partners and investors who believe in us.


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