How D-Day Changed the Course of WWII

The D-Day military invasion that helped to end World War II was one the most ambitious and consequential military campaigns in human history. In its strategy and scope—and its enormous stakes for the future of the free world—historians regard it among the greatest military achievements ever.

D-Day, code-named Operation Overlord, launched on June 6, 1944, after the commanding Allied general, Dwight D. Eisenhower, ordered the largest invasion force in history—hundreds of thousands of American, British, Canadian and other troops—to ship across across the English Channel and come ashore on the beaches of Normandy, on France’s northern coast. After almost five years of war, nearly all of Western Europe was occupied by German troops or held by fascist governments, like those of Spain and Italy. The Western Allies’ goal: to put an end to the Germany army and, by extension, to topple Adolf Hitler’s barbarous Nazi regime.

Here’s why D-Day remains an event of great magnitude, and why we owe those fighters so much:

Video: The D-Day Invasion

Halting the Nazi Genocidal Machine

German armies during World War II overran most of Europe and North Africa and much of the western Soviet Union. They set up murderous police states everywhere they went, then hunted down and imprisoned millions. With gas chambers and firing squads they killed 6 million Jewish people and millions more Poles, Russians, gays, disabled people and others undesirable to the Nazi regime, which sought to engineer a master Germanic race.

“It’s hard to imagine what the consequences would have been had the Allies lost,” says Timothy Rives, deputy director of the Eisenhower Presidential Library in Abilene, Kansas. “You could make the argument that they saved the world. A few months after D-Day, General Eisenhower visited a German death camp, and wrote: “We are told the American soldier does not know what he is fighting for. Now, at least, he will know what he is fighting against.”

Invasion Went Beyond the Beaches

The “D” in D-Day means simply “Day,” as in “The day we invade.” (The military had to call it something.) But to those who survived June 6, and the subsequent summer-long incursion, D-Day meant sheer terror. Raymond Hoffman, from Lowell, Massachusetts, gave an oral history interview in 1978 at the Eisenhower Library about the life-and-death fear he survived as a 22-year-old paratrooper in the U.S. Army’s 101st Airborne Division.

On D-Day he parachuted with a hard thud into a Normandy cow pasture only minutes after midnight—and he heard footsteps approaching fast, even before he could unhook himself from his parachute straps.

“Boy, here I am,” he thought. “Five minutes on the ground and I’m about to get it. And I’m flat on my back, and…I got to roll, and I can’t get to my weapon and now… I can’t find my knife! And the footsteps have stopped…and (suddenly) I am looking up into the eyes of a big, brown cow.”

That was worth a grin then. But hours later, “some mysteries in life were removed,” Hoffman said.

In a gunfight with German soldiers, where bullets flew so thick that no one dared raise their heads to look up, he removed “the mystery” he’d pondered for months—about whether fear in combat would compel him to run or to fight.

He fought. And there was no longer any mystery: “You now know what it is like to be fired upon,” he said, “as well as to fire.”

VIDEO: D-Day's Lasting Impact on the War

An Effort of Staggering Scale

“I had some fun here one day looking up statistics, of all the stuff the Allies piled up on the beaches of southern England to support the invasion,” says Rives. “They had massive ammo dumps, and supply dumps, and in one of those supply dumps they had piled up 3,500 tons of bath soap—which Eisenhower later sent into France so the soldiers could take baths.

“He had 3 million troops under his command, and what they all devoured in just one day was stupendous,” says Rives. According to historian Rick Atkinson, commanders had “calculated daily combat consumption, from fuel to bullets to chewing gum, at 41.298 pounds per soldier. Sixty million K-rations, enough to feed the invaders for a month, were packed in 500-ton bales.”

Steep Casualties

German machine-gunners mowed down hundreds of Allied soldiers before they ever got off the landing boats onto the Normandy beaches. But Eisenhower overwhelmed them, Rives says, with 160,000 assault troops, 12,000 aircraft and 200,000 sailors manning 7,000 sea vessels.

Their losses were steep: The eight assault divisions now ashore had suffered 12,000 killed, wounded and missing, with thousands more unaccounted for, according to Atkinson. The Americans lost 8,230 of the total.

“Many were felled by 9.6-gram bullets moving at 2,000 to 4,000 feet per second,” Atkinson wrote. “Such specks of steel could destroy a world, cell by cell.”

Three thousand French civilians were killed in the invasion, mostly by Allied bombs or shell fire. By then the French had lost so much in the war that they’d run out of medical supplies. Some injured citizens were reduced to disinfecting their wounds with calvados, the local brandy fermented from apples, according to Atkinson.

But when the Allied soldiers marched inland from the beaches, the French cheered, many of them giving soldiers flowers, many of them sobbing in happiness.

VIDEO: D-Day Documented by Newsreel Cameras

D-Day Strategy

No one thought victory was sure. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill had pestered Eisenhower and President Franklin Roosevelt for two years before D-Day, pleading that they avoid Normandy and instead pursue a slower, less dangerous strategy, putting more troops into Italy and southern France.

But the Germans had killed tens of millions of civilians and soldiers in the Soviet Union, and the Soviets desperately wanted the Allies to bleed the Germany army by opening up a second front of battle. Eisenhower thought it disgraceful to avoid Normandy, and thought Normandy was the best military move, not only to win but to shorten the war.

The Allies had long planned the invasion for a narrow window in the lunar cycle that would provide both maximum moonlight to illuminate landing places for gliders—and low tides at dawn to reveal the German’s extensive underwater coastal defenses. Poor weather forced Allied troops to delay the operation a day, cutting into that window. But in a stroke of luck, German forecasters predicted that gale-force winds and rough seas would deter the invasion even longer, so the Nazis redeployed some of their forces away from the coast. German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel even traveled home to celebrate his wife’s birthday, bringing her a pair of Parisian shoes.

On the night before the invasion, Eisenhower penciled himself an “In case of failure” note, to be published if necessary: “If any blame or fault attaches to the attempt, it is mine alone,” he wrote.

“Of all the documents we have from his time in the Army and in his eight years of the presidency, I regard that as our most significant document here,” Rives said of the collection at the Eisenhower Library. “It shows the character of the man who led it all.”

Eisenhower hated war. Years after the war ended, he gave a speech, with a paragraph that can be seen engraved in the marble stone wall surrounding his tomb in Abilene, Kansas.

“Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies in the final sense a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children. This is not a way of life at all in any true sense.”

The Importance of the D-Day Victory

Most battles are quickly forgotten. But all free nations owe their culture and democracy to D-Day, which can be grouped among some of the most epic victories in history. They include George Washington’s defeat of the British army at Yorktown in 1781, which allowed the American experiment in democracy to survive, and to inspire oppressed people everywhere.

And in 490 and 480 B.C, the small armies and navies of Greece defeated the huge invading forces of the Persian Empire at the battles of Marathon and Salamis. The Greeks saved not only themselves, but their democracy, classic literature, art and architecture, philosophy and much more.

Historians put D-Day in the same category of greatness.

What Effect Did D-Day Have on the War?

D-Day's major effect on was to open a new front in the European war. This forced Germany to fight the Russians on one front and the Americans and British on the other. As with World War I, Germany was not able to fight a war on two fronts successfully.

The German army had faced setbacks on the eastern front against the Soviet Union. In addition to the psychological blow the invasion would have inflicted, the invasion meant that Hitler could not shift troops from France to help defeat the Soviets in the east.

D-Day occurred on June 6, 1944, in Normandy. The invasion began when paratroopers landed in France to secure roads and bridges. The amphibious invasion started at around 6:30 in the morning according to local time. By the end of that first day, around 156,000 allied troops had landed on Normandy's beaches. Some estimate that as many as 4,000 allied troops died in the invasion. By June 11, the Allies had secured the beaches, and 50,000 vehicles and 326,000 troops had landed.

The invasion force made quick progress after D-Day. The French port of Cherbourg was captured on June 26, and the Germans began to retreat. Paris was liberated soon after on August 25. By May 8, 1945, Nazi Germany had surrendered to the Allies.

D-Day changed the course of our world’s history

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On the 75th anniversary of D-Day, it’s easy to dismiss it as something long ago. But the Amazon series “Man in the High Castle,” about Nazis running the United States, reminds us that the Normandy invasion could have gone very differently.

Very differently, that is, if very real men such as Walter Drake had not risked everything battling very real Nazis.

It is 3 a.m. London time, June 6, 1944. Just 20 years old, Drake shaves, showers and, along with other Americans at Wattisham Airfield in England, pedals a bicycle in darkness.

With a .45-caliber pistol tucked in his shoulder holster, he follows fellow pilots into a rectangular “ready room.” At one end, there is a large map covered by an even larger sheet of white paper.

In the darkness before the dawn, not even pilots know their destination. All they know is what everyone knows on both sides of the English Channel.

Gearing up for what will become the largest seaborne invasion in history, hundreds of ships fill the sea between the white cliffs of Dover and French beaches. Thousands of planes all over England are gassed and loaded with bullets and bombs.

Soon and somewhere close, much blood will be spilled.

Lines of yarn connect every airfield in England to Normandy.

Drake takes a drag on a Lucky Strike, crushes out the butt and smiles. Just a few weeks before, he arrived in England by ship after training for the last 10 months. In that time, he worked his way up to second lieutenant and worried about missing the war.

On this day, Drake and tens of thousands of others will get their chance to turn the tide. But before the day is over, there will be more than 19,000 casualties on both sides, including 4,414 Allied dead.

Understand, day one of D-Day is only the beginning.

Yearning to fly

Drake, now 95 years old, peers into a shadow box at his home in Newport Beach where he lives with one of his four sons and daughter-in-law.

The case holds oak leaves that reveal that after World War II Drake went on to serve in the Air Force reserves for 25 years and was promoted to lieutenant colonel. But what really catches my eye are two Distinguished Flying Crosses.

These crosses stand for “heroism.”

After growing up in Twentynine Palms, Drake’s family moved to Pasadena and by the time he graduated high school, Drake knew exactly what he wanted to do – fly fighter planes, but not just any fighter planes.

He wanted to fly P-38s, just like the ones he’d seen fly overhead after being built in Burbank at the Lockheed plant. He also had a particular target in mind.

“I wanted to fly a P-38,” Drake declares, “against the Germans.”

After enlisting in the Army Air Corps, Drake went through training in Santa Ana, Arizona, Santa Rosa and San Diego. Along the way, he saw many cadets wash out.

But when Drake was airborne, he was in his element.

Before the dawn

On the morning of June 6 and with the sky filled with stars, Drake rode in one of a fleet of Jeeps that dropped off pilots along a seemingly never-ending line of fighter planes.

Along the way, he pulled on three pairs of gloves, put on fur-lined boots over his shoes and zipped up his leather flight jacket.

With only a few flights in England behind him, he already knew it would be below freezing when he reached altitude. “The last thing I wanted,” he confides, “were stiff fingers.”

With the smell of aviation fuel heavy in the air, Drake nodded toward his crew chief as he conducted his own final check of the fragile machine that was to take him into one of the most important battles in history.

As he climbed into the cockpit, he looked up and down the runway. “England,” he concluded, “had become one huge aircraft carrier.”

At the same time and nearby, Gen. Dwight D. Eisnenhower told his troops, “I have full confidence in your courage, devotion to duty and skill in battle.

“We will accept nothing less than full victory!”

Owning the sky

As Drake climbed into the sky, he immediately realized one of his biggest challenges was avoiding mid-air collisions. Large bombers, small fighter planes and huge C-47s pulling gliders jammed with troops filled the sky.

As Drake headed higher, the sun broke over the horizon. “I looked down and saw the channel full of ships as far as the eye could see,” he recalls. “Now I knew the invasion was on.”

But the closer Drake got to France, the thicker the clouds grew. Soon, clouds covered everything. Drake knew he’d have to drop down, which meant he’d be closer to enemy anti-aircraft guns.

Below, rough weather was making the beach invasion especially difficult. Choppy waves pushed landing crafts off course. Submerged steel girders, wood stakes, barbwire and an array of heavily fortified German bunkers turned the assault into a horror show of blood and bravery.

Lives were lost everywhere. But the grimmest fighting was on Omaha Beach.

Just beyond the beaches, some 24,000 British and Canadian troops had parachuted into the battlefields in darkness. Now, as the morning wore on, it was man against man.

Above the carnage, Drake strafed the beaches with four .50-caliber machine guns, a 20mm cannon and dropped his two bombs. Then he flew behind enemy lines to strafe some more.

Nearly out of fuel, he returned to England to gas up and get more ammo and immediately went back to Normandy to strafe again – and again.

“This is the day,” the pilot quietly said to himself, “that we came for.”

Beginning of the end

As the aftermath of D-Day wore on, the flying and fighting got tougher for Drake and missions were round-the-clock.

On July 4, he spotted several German fighter planes, dove down, squeezed off a burst and watched tracer rounds smack into a Messerschmitt.

It wasn’t until later that Drake realized he was soaked in sweat.

The next day, he was assigned to hit a Nazi airfield in France. While destroying buildings and military vehicles, his plane was hit by flak and his right engine went dead.

“You cannot understand how lonely and scared I was,” he confesses, “until you experience trying to get home on one engine, are all alone and deep behind enemy lines.”

His mission on Sept. 10 was worse. More than 40 German planes attacked his squad. “You are constantly looking in all directions,” he explains, “trying to avoid being a target, trying to avoid midair collisions, trying to shoot down Germans.”

Two weeks later, Drake found himself in yet another dogfight, this time with a German ME109. According to records that Walter’s son, John, tracked down, the battle ranged from 6,000 feet to less than 500 feet.

Drake prevailed. But his toughest fight lay ahead.

Heading back after a December mission, thunderhead clouds suddenly appeared and the only way to go was up. On oxygen and nearly frozen, Drake and his squad flew to 25,000 feet.

But it wasn’t enough to get above the clouds. The only option left was to try to punch through the massive storm system.

“The air turbulence was horrific and bounced me around the cockpit like a pea in a jar,” Drake reports. Then his plane suddenly flipped upside-down, spinning wildly.

His instruments went nuts. The wing tanks broke loose. G-forces left Drake’s arms and legs numb. He didn’t know if he was flying up or down.

Finally, he broke through the clouds. The ground was 500 feet away. Within seconds, Drake pulled out of the dive and, skimming treetops, soared away.

In total, Drake flew more than 60 combat missions, some 20 dogfights, two-dozen strafing flights, had two engines destroyed by flak and nearly crashed in enemy territory several times.

Three-quarters of a century later, D-Day and all it stands for still matters.

D-Day opened a second front for the Allies in Europe, launched the liberation of France and built the foundation for the end of the war in Europe.

After the war, Drake planned a life as a commercial pilot but he was offered a job at a savings and loan that paid $5 more, a grand monthly sum of $225. He needed the money and ended his career with the company 40 years later as CEO at Republic Federal in Altadena.

Last year – at age 94 – Drake and several family members made a pilgrimage to Normandy where a cemetery for American troops overlooks Omaha Beach.

In the middle of the cemetery, there is a chapel with an inscription in French and English. It reads, “These endured all and gave all (so) that justice among nations might prevail and that mankind might enjoy freedom and inherit peace.”

Germany’s defense

German commanders did not ignore the potential threat to Normandy. Rommel—in charge of Army Group B under Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt, German commander in chief in the West—laced beaches there with mines as well as obstructions that would force landing craft to disgorge troops at low tide, leaving them more exposed to enemy fire. Rommel wanted panzer divisions deployed at likely landing sites in Normandy to repulse invaders before they established a beachhead and were reinforced. “Everything we have must be on the coast,” he insisted.

Rundstedt disagreed, and Hitler decided to hold most German armored forces in reserve under his own control until the invasion took place. Only one panzer division guarded the Normandy coast beforehand. An elaborate Allied deception campaign called Operation Bodyguard—which included simulating phantom divisions and feeding false reports to Berlin from German agents under British control—led Hitler to view landings at Normandy as a diversion, which would be followed by a massive Allied thrust across the Strait of Dover. (See also: The inside story of how three unlikely allies won World War II.)

‘Shooting…is not loving’

Buck Price was helmsman of one of the landing ships that ferried supplies ashore to Omaha Beach on D-Day.

The 93-year-old Price, sitting Wednesday near the cliffs that made Omaha an especially challenging mission, paused repeatedly as he recalled some of his more harrowing encounters.

Price, of Tarboro, North Carolina, once watched as the second of three ships attempting a beach landing “blew all to hell.”

His was the third ship to land. Initially, the skipper tried to pull out to find a better spot, but he was ordered back in.

Later, Price remembered being on the beach when a German bomber came in so low and so close that the pilot waved to him and his men. They waved back.

“We just stood there,” Price said, laughing now. “We couldn’t run.”

The pilot dropped two bombs over a ship, Price said. Both missed.

Asked what lesson he thought the world should learn from his experience on D-Day, Price didn’t pause.

D-Day: The World War II Invasion that Changed History

The WWII invasion known as D-Day was the largest military endeavor in history. By June 6, 1944, Hitler and his allies had a strong grip on the European continent, where Nazi Germany was engaged in the mass extermination of the Jewish people. The goal of D-Day was the total defeat of Hitler's regime, and the defense of free democracies everywhere. Knowing they had to breach the French coast, the US, Great Britain, and Canada planned for the impossible.

D-Day was an invasion not for conquest, but liberation, andrequired years to plan and total secrecy to keep the advantage of surprise. Once deployed, Operation Overlord involved soldiers, sailors, paratroopers, and specialists. Acclaimed author Deborah Hopkinson weaves together the contributions of not only D-Day's famous players, but African Americans, women, journalists, and service members in a masterful tapestry of official documents, personal narratives, and archival photos to bring this decisive battle to vivid, thrilling life.

Product Information

Title: D-Day: The World War II Invasion that Changed History
By: Deborah Hopkinson
Format: Paperback
Number of Pages: 400
Vendor: Scholastic Inc.
Publication Date: 2020
Dimensions: 7.625 X 5.25 (inches)
Weight: 2 pounds
ISBN: 0545682509
ISBN-13: 9780545682503
Stock No: WW682503

Before-and-after photos reveal dramatic changes since D-Day

The images are seared on our collective memories: The thousands of soldiers braving the turbulent waters of the English Channel and German gunners as they embarked on the D-Day invasion.

The largest seaborne attack in history on June 6, 1944, is often considered the turning point in World War II. The months of fighting that followed left behind deep scars that were gradually revealed in photographs.

We've seen those images of bravery and destruction in everything from our history books to feature films such as "Saving Private Ryan." And as another milestone anniversary arrives, it's instructive to see Normandy today.

Associated Press photographer Thibault Camus went back in May and documented some of the stunning changes of the past 75 years. You can compare by dragging the rule in the center of the images.

The images are not only a testament to relative peace that has settled in Western Europe, but might also hearten those in countries emerging from or still in the grips of war.

D-Day 75: Remembering the battle that changed the course of World War II

Codenamed Operation Neptune, the D-Day landings began the Allies’ liberation of France from its Nazi occupiers. The victory on D-Day would pave the way for the further liberation of Nazi-occupied Europe and the Allies’ eventual victory on the Western Front.

The invasion fleet was composed of eight different navies, 6,939 vessels, 4,126 landing crafts and 864 merchant vessels, the majority of which were supplied by the United Kingdom. Attacks were coordinated by land, sea and air. The largest stretch of the Normandy coast, around 50 miles, was divided into five sectors or ‘beach heads’: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno and Sword.

The weather on the first day of the invasion proved to be less than ideal, as soldiers were met with strong winds that blew the landing crafts east of their intended positions. Soldiers landed on the beaches under heavy fire and the shores themselves were mined and covered with barbed wire and wooden stakes.

Historian Correll Barnett describes D-Day as a “never surpassed masterpiece of planning,” and it was the Allies’ victory at Normandy that signalled the ultimate turning point of the war, and the eventual victory over Germany

Following their landing at Normandy on 6 June 1944, the Allies continued on and captured the French port of Cherbourg, after which German forces began to retreat. Less than two months later, on 25 August, Paris was finally liberated from Nazi control, and the French people were free once more.

The liberation of Paris would start a domino-like effect on the German efforts in World War II. Less than a year later in May 1945, American troops would cross the Rhine and on 30 April, Adolf Hitler would commit suicide, effectively ending the then-crumbling Third Reich. World War II would officially end on 7 May 1945, after 6 years of combat.

Raves & reviews:

* "Hopkinson has compiled a comprehensive and absorbing overview. this insightful title, chock-full of primary sources, is a strong purchase." -- School Library Journal, starred review

"Hopkinson is particularly adept at directing attention to the stories behind the heroic stories." -- Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books

"How does an author sequentially chronicle multiple, rapidly developing, and simultaneous events and maintain not just coherence, but suspense? Hopkinson employs her signature kaleidoscopic style effectively here: synthesizing complex events into a compelling narrative arc, and sampling myriad voices to add texture and color to the story, while never losing sight of the bigger picture." -- The Horn Book

"Such major figures as Dwight D. Eisenhower and Omar Bradley get plenty of attention, but more is given to the experiences of the soldiers who waded ashore under fire or parachuted behind enemy lines. Hopkinson weaves their personal accounts with those of observations by Ernie Pyle and others to bring the invasion vividly to life. An attractively packaged, engrossing history that will appeal to readers fascinated with military strategy." -- Kirkus Reviews

"With thoroughness and clarity, this title brings D-Day into focus by breaking it down into components and focusing on human voices and perspectives. provides a wealth of information clearly presented alongside many black and white photos, resulting in an engaging read even for those who may not be interested in a book about military history. The complexity of the historical task undertaken, the challenges of the terrain, and the courage required of those involved is conveyed by the author without hyperbole and by allowing the participants to tell their own stories. Highly Recommended." -- School Library Connection

Praise for Dive! World War II Stories of Sailors & Submarines in the Pacific:

* "Hopkinson crafts a gripping narrative. Fascinating World War II history for history buffs and browsers alike." -- Kirkus Reviews, starred review

* "Readers wait anxiously alongside crew members amid silence and dangerous heat and oxygen levels as the submariners narrowly escape enemy detection or brace for depth charge explosions that rattle bones, fray nerves, and signal possible death. With a fascinating blend of submarine mechanics and tales of courage, readers will dive in deep." -- Booklist, starred review

* "It's an appealing, engrossing package for readers fascinated by heroism and military strategy." -- The Horn Book, starred review

"The real appeal, of course, is danger and heroism, and in drawing liberally from first-person accounts by surviving veterans, Hopkinson often emulates the tone of Greatest Generation memoir. And kudos to Hopkinson, whose eagle eye even located the contingent of women nurses evacuated by sub from the Philippines." -- Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books

"A riveting narrative nonfiction selection for middle school collections." -- School Library Journal

"The diverse individual stories. make the history come alive." -- School Library Connection

Praise for Courage & Defiance: Stories of Spies, Saboteurs, and Survivors in World War II Denmark:

A Sydney Taylor Notable BookAn NCTE Orbis Pictus Recommended BookA Bank Street Center for Children's Literature Best Children's Book of the Year selectionA Cybils Award Finalist

"[A] spirited, inspiring, and extremely well-researched book. ideal for both classroom use and independent reading." -- Booklist

"With numerous pictures and illustrations accompanying the text, this is a fascinating look at a little-known corner of WWII." -- Publishers Weekly

Praise for Titanic: Voices from the Disaster:

A Sibert Honor BookA YALSA Award for Excellence in Nonfiction FinalistAn ALA Notable Children's BookAn IRA Teacher's ChoiceA Kirkus Reviews Best Young Adult Book of the YearA Horn Book Fanfare BookA Cybils Award Finalist

"An affecting portrait of human ambition, folly and almost unbearable nobility in the face of death." -- The Wall Street Journal

"A meticulous recounting of the disaster. Hopkinson's reporting is so rich with information that it will be equally fascinating to young readers and adults alike." -- Los Angeles Times

* "Hopkinson knows precisely what's she doing in her coverage of the Titanic disaster. [A] fine book." -- The Horn Book, starred review

* "Fascinating. A thorough and absorbing re-creation of the ill-fated voyage." -- Kirkus Reviews, starred review

* "Riveting." -- Publishers Weekly, starred review

* "An absorbing and richly satisfying read." -- School Library Journal, starred review

Praise for Up Before Daybreak:

* "Rarely have the links between northern industry, southern agriculture, slavery, war, child labor, and poverty been so skillfully distilled for this audience." -- Booklist, starred review

* "Superb nonfiction writing." -- Kirkus Reviews, starred review

* "Excellent." -- School Library Journal, starred review

Praise for Shutting Out the Sky:

A Jane Addams Peace Award Honor BookAn Orbis Pictus Honor BookAn ALA Notable BookA Sydney Taylor Notable Book

* "Nonfiction at its best." -- Kirkus Reviews, starred review

* "[A] fascinating read." -- School Library Journal, starred review

Watch the video: Downfall of Germany: The Western Front 12. Animated History (January 2022).