Following the assassination of John F. Johnson is sworn in as president of the United States aboard Air Force One before the plane leaves Dallas for Washington, D.C.
The Current Planes Were Made By Boeing
Although many different types of planes have been used as Air Force One, the current planes in operation are both Boeing 747-200 aircraft. It has four engines and is a successor to the Boeing 707, which President Dwight Eisenhower added to the fleet in . Eisenhower also flew in Lockheed C-121 Super Constellations.
File:Lyndon B. Johnson taking the oath of office, November 1963.jpg
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Trip to Texas: Swearing-in ceremony aboard Air Force One, Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ) as President
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Who is the only US President to take the oath of office on Air Force One?
Dec 28, 2020 · Step 1 : Introduction to the question "Who is the only U.S. President to take the oath of office on Air Force One? The first inauguration of Lyndon B. Johnson as the 36th President of the United States occurred on November …
3 .Who is the only US President to take the oath of office on Air Force One?
May 30, 2012 · Johnson Takes Oath of Office Aboard Air Force One. Following the assassination of John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in as president of the United .
5 .Who is the only US President to take the oath of office on Air Force One?
31 rows · First time that the oath was administered in an airplane (Air Force One, a Boeing 707, at …
6 .Who is the only US President to take the oath of office on Air Force One?
Oath of Office. In the Federal Government, in order for an official to take office, he or she must first take the oath of office this is also known as a swearing-in ceremony. The official reciting the oath swears an allegiance to uphold the Constitution. The Constitution only specifies an oath of office for the President however, Article VI .
7 .Who is the only US President to take the oath of office on Air Force One?
Jan 16, 2021 · The presidential oath of office officially contains 35 words and has been said by every president. Here's what to know about the oath ahead of Joe Biden's inauguration.
8 .Who is the only US President to take the oath of office on Air Force One?
Jan 16, 2013 · Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in on board Air Force One after President Kennedy’s death. And Gerald Ford took the oath of office in the East Room of …
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1 .Oath of office of the president of the United States
Play media The oath of office of the president of the United States is the oath or affirmation that the president of the United States takes upon assuming
An oath of office is an oath or affirmation a person takes before assuming the duties of an office , usually a position in government or within a religious
considered sacred as a sign of verity. A common legal substitute for those who conscientiously object to making sacred oaths is to give an affirmation instead
Crisis command center
Air Force One is much more than a means of transport. The ability of US presidents to run the country from anywhere in the world has earned the airplane the nickname "flying Oval Office." Here, President George W. Bush, White House press secretary Ari Fleischer and deputy chief of staff Karl Rove are having a crisis meeting aboard Air Force One on September 11, 2001.
6. The snowiest presidential inauguration wasn't in January
Prior to the passing of the 20th Amendment to the Constitution in 1933, presidents were inaugurated on March 4, not January 20 as we are accustomed to today. Surprisingly, the snowiest presidential inauguration wasn't at a January ceremony, but one in March.
On March 3, 1909, the day before William Howard Taft's inauguration, a storm swept through Washington, bringing rains and lightning before transitioning to heavy snow. As dawn broke on March 4, the storm, which had shifted north, blew back to D.C., bringing near whiteout conditions. The storm dropped 9.8 inches of snow on Washington and more on neighboring cities.
The weather forced the ceremony inside where Taft joked, "I always knew it would be a cold day in hell when I became president."
Vietnam War Overview Part 4: 1964-1968
Senator Wayne Morse on the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, 8/64
In a surge of patriotism, the resolution passed the House 416-0. Only 2 Senators opposed it, Ernest Gruening (D-AK) and Wayne Morse (D-OR). Senator Morse's main objection was the constitutionality of the Resolution, which authorized an act of war without a formal declaration of war. However, Morse also did not believe a war in Asia was winnable. With the passage of the Resolution, President Johnson now had authorization—what some have referred to as "a blank check"—to dramatically escalate the number of conventional military combat forces in Vietnam and to modify their role. Mindful of the distasteful experience of the Korean War and its lingering effect on public opinion, Johnson reassured the American public by rejecting strategies that,
“I think would enlarge the war and escalate the war, and result in our committing a good many American boys to fighting a war that I think ought to be fought by the boys of Asia to help protect their own land. And for that reason, I haven't chosen to enlarge the war.”
During the campaign, peace talks on Vietnam had begun in Paris. The Democrats had pinned their hopes for the election on achieving some results there. However, evidence suggests that representatives from the Nixon campaign told the government of South Vietnam they would get a better peace deal with a Republican in the White House than they would with a Democrat. South Vietnam withdrew from the negotiations on the eve of the election and Nixon won. Negotiations resumed shortly thereafter.
Lyndon B. Johnson’s oath of office
Lyndon B. Johnson takes the presidential oath of office from Judge Sarah T. Hughes aboard Air Force One in Dallas on Nov. 22, 1963. (Cecil Stoughton/JFK Library/The White House via Reuters)
Jim Bendat’s excellent, edifying Jan. 15 Outlook essay, “Five Myths: Inaugurations,” omitted an interesting and significant fact. After the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in 1963, then-Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson believed it was best for a reeling nation to know that a president was in place immediately. As Johnson was preparing to take the oath of office aboard Air Force One, a Bible was not available. Kennedy’s personal Roman Catholic missal was found in his living quarters.
The Catholic missal is not the Bible. While it features numerous biblical verses, it also serves as guide to the Mass being celebrated that particular day and contains hymns and Vatican-approved prayers that do not appear in the Bible. Johnson took his first oath of office as president with his left hand on Kennedy’s missal, not the Bible.
The Presidential Oath of Office
I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.
America Celebrates Its First Presidential Inauguration
With the United States finally at peace and a bold new Constitution leading the road to a democratic future, the American people were ready for a celebration. The inauguration of the new country’s first president provided the perfect incentive for a large-scale celebration that lasted over two weeks and spanned nearly three hundred miles from the coast of Virginia to America’s first capital, New York City. The festivities culminated with the inaugural ceremony on April 30, 1789, when the nation’s beloved General George Washington arrived in a carriage to the steps of Federal Hall. On this crisp, sunny day, banners and flags rippled across the city, while more than ten thousand cheering citizens crammed into the streets, peered through the windows of neighboring buildings, and gathered on rooftops to welcome Washington and witness his inauguration.
The tall, stately Washington wore an American-made brown suit fastened with metal buttons emblazoned with eagles. He carried a ceremonial sword at his side. Washington strode up the stairs to the second-floor balcony that overlooked the city. From there he could see the thousands of spectators, which included the entirety of Congress assembled on a platform facing the hall. A table covered in red velvet was situated in the middle of the balcony, and on it rested a Bible. With Vice President John Adams at his side, Washington placed one hand on the Bible. Prompted by New York Chancellor Robert R. Livingston, Washington repeated the oath of office as required by the Constitution. Upon Washington’s completion of the thirty-five word oath, Livingston proclaimed, “It is done. Long live George Washington, President of the United States.” The crowds erupted into thunderous cheers and bells tolled throughout the city.
Shortly after swearing the oath of office, Washington addressed both the Senate and the House of Representatives in the Senate chamber, then walked up Broadway with a group of legislators and local political leaders to pray at St. Paul’s Chapel. Washington’s inaugural day festivities concluded with fireworks exploding over the city.
The Oath of Office Signals the Transfer of Power
Most inauguration days continue to be festive events celebrated by traditional ceremonies, parades, and balls, but it is the oath of office that reigns as the highlight. The oath is in fact the only part of our elaborate inaugural ceremonies and celebrations that is required by the Constitution. Article II, Section 1 provides the short—but imperative—oath that every president beginning with George Washington has sworn to: “I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.” Every single president has stated these same words to swear his duty to the country and the Constitution, whether he was elected or required to assume the presidency following a president’s death or resignation.
The exact moment when a president-elect concludes the oath signals that he or she is now officially president and commander in chief. Regarding the remarkable significance of this uniquely peaceful transfer of power from one president to the next, historian Jim Bendat writes in Democracy’s Big Day, “Our Inauguration Day is one that demonstrates the continuity of our country and the renewal of the democratic process, as well as the healing that is sometimes needed after an election battle.”
Washington’s Inauguration Established Long-lasting Traditions
Soon after his inauguration, Washington wrote, “I walk on untrodden ground. There is scarcely any part of my conduct which may not hereafter be drawn into precedent.” With no guidelines having been prescribed in the Constitution for a presidential inauguration, many of Washington’s inaugural actions have served as precedents that continue to be followed by most of his successors: he took the oath of office in the open overlooking a crowd, he kissed the Bible after swearing the oath, and he delivered his inaugural address immediately after the oath ceremony. Those presidents who chose not to deliver an inaugural address—John Tyler, Millard Fillmore, Andrew Johnson, Chester Arthur, and Gerald Ford—all assumed the presidency following his predecessor’s death or resignation and so decided that it would be inappropriate to give an inaugural address.
To Swear or to Affirm?
The Constitution does allow a president the choice of swearing or affirming the oath of office, but only one president—Franklin Pierce—chose to affirm his oath. It is unclear exactly why Pierce chose to affirm the oath. Some historians note that Pierce’s religious beliefs may have have deemed swearing the oath unethical. Others note that the tragic death of Pierce’s son soon after he was elected may have triggered his desire to “affirm” rather than “swear” the oath. The newly elected president had been traveling with his wife and young son in a train from Boston when it suddenly derailed and crashed into a field below the tracks the Pierce’s son was killed. Pierce may have interpreted his son’s horrific death as punishment for his own sins. As a result, he refused to swear the oath at his 1853 inauguration and instead “affirmed” his loyalty to the Constitution.
Modern Inaugural Ceremony Highlights
Presidential inaugurations used to be celebrated on March 4, but Congress moved the date to January 20 when they ratified the Twentieth Amendment in 1933. The four-month delay between election and inauguration was needed in the early years of our country, but modern communication and transportation enabled newly elected administrations to assume power in a more timely manner. Following the passage of the Twentieth Amendment, Franklin Roosevelt became the first president to be inaugurated on January 20 in 1937.
Today inaugurations take place in Washington, D.C., on January 20 at the west front of the U.S. Capitol according to a schedule very similar to Washington’s. Though inaugural celebrations may last way past midnight, the swearing-in ceremony begins at 11:30 a.m. sharp. Following introductory band music, an invocation, and on occasion a poetry reading, the vice president-elect is sworn in first. At noon the president-elect is sworn in and then addresses the crowds and nation in his or her inaugural speech. The ceremony ends with a benediction and the playing of the “Star-Spangled Banner.” The new president and his or her family then join guests inside the Capitol’s Statuary Hall for lunch before parading back to the White House.
Though tradition plays a dominant role in presidential inaugural ceremonies, special circumstances and personal preferences sometimes compel changes.
- John Adams was the first president to receive the oath of office from the chief justice. Washington was not sworn in by the chief justice at his first inauguration because the Supreme Court had not yet been established. And for his second inauguration, Washington was sworn in by Associate Justice William Cushing.
- James Monroe was the first president to take the oath of office outdoors in Washington, D.C. After Washington swore his first oath of office before the city of New York from the balcony of Federal Hall in 1789, all subsequent inaugural oaths were sworn indoors until 1817. Washington swore his second oath of office in the Senate Chamber of Congress Hall in Philadelphia. John Adams swore the oath of office in the Hall of the House of Representatives in Philadelphia’s Federal Hall before a joint session of Congress. For both of his inaugurations Thomas Jefferson swore his oath in the new Senate Chamber of the partially built Capitol building in Washington, D.C. And James Madison was administered the oath of office in the Hall of the House of Representatives in the Capitol.
- The inauguration of Martin Van Buren in 1837 marked the first time both the incumbent and president-elect rode together to the Capitol for the inaugural ceremony.
- In 1853 Franklin Pierce affirmed his oath, with his hand placed on the Bible, instead of swearing it.
- Because inauguration day was a Sunday in 1877, Rutherford Hayes was sworn in before the actual inauguration day, and for the first time, a president swore the oath privately in the White House on Saturday. He then swore the oath in public that Monday.
- In 1917 Woodrow Wilson became the first president to swear the oath on a Sunday. He also was the first to swear the oath in the President’s Room at the Capitol in private.
- In 1953 Dwight Eisenhower chose not to kiss the Bible, but to recite a personal prayer following the oath.
- President Lyndon Johnson was the first to ask his wife to actively participate in the inaugural ceremony. In previous years, the clerk of the Supreme Court would be asked to hold the Bible for the oath. However, Johnson asked his wife, Lady Bird Johnson, to hold the Bible. First Lady Johnson wrote about the experience, “I was touched that Lyndon wanted me to hold the Bible for the swearing-in. We used the Bible Lyndon’s mother had given us . . . and I stood facing the throng between the Chief Justice and Lyndon while he took the oath.” A new tradition was born. Since Johnson’s inauguration in 1965, every subsequent first lady has held the Bible for her husband’s oath.
Tragedy Necessitates Speed and Improvisation
Following the death of a president, it is critical that power be transferred immediately to the successor. Many vice presidents have therefore been sworn in as president under unusual circumstances.
Bendat, Jim. Democracy’s Big Day: The Inauguration of Our President 1789-2009. New York: iUniverse Star, 2008.
Hess, Stephen. What Do We Do Now? A Workbook for the President-Elect. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2008.
Santella, Andrew. U.S. Presidential Inaugurations. New York: Children’s Press, 2002.
Wagner, Heather Lehr. The Presidency. New York: Chelsea House, 2007.
Editor’s Note: Website links listed in angle brackets are no longer available.
“Bibles and Scripture Passages Used by Presidents in Taking the Oath of Office.” 1 December 2008.
“From George Washington to George Bush, Speeches and Parades, Dances and Tradition.” 19 December 2008. <www.nytimes.com>.
“George Washington, First Inauguration, April 30, 1789.” 1 December 2008.
“George Washington gives first presidential inaugural address.” 19 December 2008.
“George Washington Inaugural Bible.” 19 December 2008. <www.stjohns1.org/bible.htm>.
“Inaugurals of Presidents of the United States: Some Precedents and Notable Events.” 13 November 2008.
“The Inauguration of George Washington, 1789.” 3 January 2009.
“John Tyler, Tenth Vice President (1841).” 4 December 2008.
“Presidential Inaugural Quiz Follow-Up: The Sad Inaugural of Franklin Pierce.” U.S. Capitol Historical Society. 9 May 2016.
“Who Said That? A Quick History of the Presidential Oath.” National Constitution Center. 9 May 2016.
©2020 Geri Zabela Eddins The National Children’s Book and Literacy Alliance