Spring Grove Hospital Center

Spring Grove Hospital Center (SGHC), owned and operated by the State of Maryland, is located on a beautiful 200-acre campus in downtown Catonsville, Maryland. The 436-bed facility is under the governance of the Mental Hygiene Administration of the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene.Founded in 1797, Spring Grove has a long-standing reputation for providing quality psychiatric care and treatment and is recognized as the second-oldest continuously operating psychiatric hospital in the United States. It is accredited by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO).More than a psychiatric hospital, SGHC offers dental, dietary, radiological, and rehabilitation services.Spring Grove, in association with Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, operates a Treatment Research Unit (TRU). The hospital’s Treatment Research Program is solely dedicated to the cause and cure of schizophrenia.Spring Grove Hospital Center Alumni Museum, at the Garrett Building, showcases a collection of photographs and drawings from throughout the hospital’s history. It also includes a small library, several pieces of period furniture, and early medical equipments.In addition, SGHC serves as a clinical training site for students, residents, and fellows. The core areas of specialization include Clinical Pharmacy, Psychology, Medicine, Nursing, Social Work, Occupational Therapy, and Pastoral Counseling.

The Psychopathic Building (Foster-Wade)

The oldest surviving patient care building on the campus of Spring Grove Hospital Center, the Foster-Wade Building, is essentially two separate buildings -- constructed approximately 12-years apart. These two buildings (now separate sections of a single building) are the Foster Clinic (shown above) -- which consisted collectively of the center section and the east, or "Foster" wing" (c. 1914) and the west, or "Wade" wing (c. 1926). The cornerstone that is found at the right base of the center section building was laid in 1914, and much of the first portion of the building, i.e., the center section and the east wing (both seen above), was completed by the end of 1917. However, construction was interrupted by funding cuts and labor shortages associated with World War I, and even these first sections of the building were not completed until 1920. (The center section and the east wing of the building, shown above, were officially opened on July 5, 1920.) At the end of World War I, the Federal Government contributed $25,000 towards the cost of completing these first sections, with the understanding that, upon completion, the building would be available for a certain period of time as a hospital for mentally ill veterans.

The above picture was taken in around 1920. If you look closely, you'll notice that, in this photograph, the west wing -- to the left as you face the building -- is missing. That, of course, is because at the time that the picture was taken the west wing hadn't yet been built. In fact, six years passed between the time that the center section and East Wing ("Foster Clinic") opened in 1920, and the time that construction on the west wing was started, in 1926. It should be noted that both an east and a west wing were part of the original design, but the building was built in two sections because of funding limitations. With the completion of the west wing in September 1927, the Foster-Wade Building finally stood as it had been originally designed -- but this was approximately 13-years after it was started.

Adding an additional complication to what later proved to be a fairly confusing nomenclatural history, the cornerstone (barely visible in the above photograph as a small white patch behind the far-right pillar) mentions neither the name "Foster" nor the name "Wade." Instead, it reads: "Psychopathic Building 1914." That's because the building, when first designed, and while under Cornerstone, Foster-Wade Building (Originally the "Psychopathic Building") construction, was first known by that name. However, in 1919 (the year before it was finished and occupied) the "Psychopathic Building"* was renamed the "A.D. Foster Building," in memory of the Hospital's Secretary and Treasurer, Arthur D. Foster, who had died earlier in that year. Intended as a multipurpose building for the treatment of "acute [psychiatric] cases" (new admissions), as well for the care and treatment of physically ill psychiatric patients, the "Foster Clinic," as it was called in the early 1920s, had acute (admissions) psychiatric wards, as well as medical/surgical units, an operating room, a diagnostic laboratory, and other facilities to handle general medical and surgical conditions. (Those services were later moved to the Garrett Building when that building opened in 1934.)

The Foster Clinic's first use was as as a veterans' psychiatric hospital for several years (1920 - 25), and it's first patients were psychiatrically ill World War I servicemen. The Federal Government transferred the veterans to the newly constructed veteran's hospital at Perry Point, MD in 1925 -- and it wasn't until then that the building became available for full use by Spring Grove State Hospital. Although during this period the "Foster Clinic" was primarily a psychiatric facility for veterans of World War I, other veterans, including veterans of the Spanish American War, reportedly were cared for there. It has also been reported that a number of the first patients were veterans with sexually transmitted diseases, including tertiary syphilis.

The building was given its current name, the Foster-Wade Building, upon the completion of the west wing in September 1927. The "Wade" in "Foster-Wade" was, of course, J. Percy Wade, M.D., Superintendent of Spring Grove for 31-years (1896 to 1927). He had just recently retired when the building was dedicated, and the new wing was named in his honor. (Dr. Wade was reportedly present at the opening ceremony.) In addition to the Foster-Wade Building, Wade Avenue (originally called Asylum Lane) seems to have beeen named after him, although it might have been named after a member of his prominent family. Officially, the older east wing, i.e., Operating Room in the Foster Clinic the wing to the right as you face the building, became known as the "Foster Wing," the newer west wing, i.e., the wing to the left as you face the building, became the "Wade Wing" -- and, as of September 1927, the building as a whole became known by the name the we use today, the "Foster-Wade Building." Confused? To summarize, in its 86+ year history, the Foster-Wade Building has been known by a variety of different names. These have included the Psychopathic Building (1914 - 1919), The A.D. Foster Building (1919 - 1920), The Foster Clinic (1920 - 1927), and the Foster-Wade Building (1927 - Present).

Regardless of what it was or is called, the building remains a monumental structure that is an important part of the history of state and federal public mental health treatment in Maryland.

It was connected to the Main Building by an underground tunnel that still exists.** The upper floors of the west wing of the Foster-Wade Building were substantially rebuilt after a major fire (apparently caused by careless smoking by a patient in a laundry room) in the 1950s. According to an eye witness, heat from the fire was so intense that it caused an explosion that blew away part of the roof of the building. Fortunately, there were no serious injuries. In later years, the building was used to treat forensic patients. The Foster-Wade building has been closed as a patient care building since 1979, and it is currently used for storage. Although the building has suffered during the many years that it has been vacant, it was never extensively remodeled, and, therefore, much of its interior is in it's original condition.

The Psychopathic Building (later, Foster-Wade)

As it appeared in 1915

The East Wing of the building that was to become known as the Foster-Wade Building, while under construction in 1915

The east wing's solariums (or "sun parlors") are located behind the arched windows seen at the center of the above picture. To see a pictures of one of these rooms in the east wing after the building was occupied, click on the East Solarium. To see a similar solarium in the west wing, click on West Solarium.

*Today, we think of the word "Psychopathic" as referring to a pattern of antisocial or manipulative behaviors. However, in 1914, when the building was named the "Psychopathic Building," the word was more commonly used to reference the science of mental and behavioral disorders, in general. While later in its history the Foster-Wade building did house forensic patients, the building was not originally intended for that purpose, and the name "Psychopathic Building" was not meant to reference a population of sociopathic patients.

**Tunnels also connected the Main Building to the original Power Plant and, later, to the Bland-Bryant Building and to the "new" (1932) Power Plant. Note that the air vent for the Foster-Wade tunnel is visible in the foreground of the middle picture on this page. These tunnels were used both for foot-traffic between buildings during inclement weather, and as utility conduits. In the early 1930s, staff members could travel between the hospital's three major patient care buildings (Main, Foster-Wade and Bland-Bryant) without going outside.

Spring Grove Hospital Center - History

History of Spring Grove (Village), Houston County, Minnesota
From: The History of Houston County, Minnesota
Edited by: Franklyn Curtis-Wedge.
H. C. Cooper, Jr. & Co.
Winona, Minn. 1919

Spring Grove is one of the prettiest and most thriving villages in southern Minnesota. The travelar alighting from the train is confronted with a beautiful triangular park, over which towers the imposing architecture of the Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran church, with its quaint evergreen bordered church yard, while from the apex of the park sweeps the main business street, with its two substantial banks on either side, and their attendant business houses. The residence section is perhaps the most beautiful in the county, for there is probably not a village in the state of even twice its size that has so many beautiful homes, artistic in architecture, modern as to comforts, and surrounded with beautiful lawns, evergreen trees predominating as arboreal ornaments.

The population is almost entirely of Scandinavian birth or ancestry, as is that of the rich agricultural region surrounding the vilage, and to the thrift of these people is due the prosperity of village and country. Since the earliest days, the history of the village and countryside has been almost identical with that of the church, the only one in the village.

The village has the one church, two banks, a live newspaper, two elevators, a creamery, a telephone company, electric light service and water works, and a feed mill, a hotel, two moving picture theatres, one of which is also a dramatic opera house, and a widely famed hospital, as well as the usual professional men and business houses.

The farmers co-operative movement is represented by the Farmers' Co-operative Creamery Association, and the Spring Grove Stock and Grain Co. This is also the shipping point for the Yucatan Creamery Association, not far away. The Wilmington Township Mutual Life Insurance Co. also has Spring Grove as its address.

Spring Grove 'village was incorporated late in 1889. Nov. 2, 1889, thirty four citizens, Asle Halverson, Lars Budahl, O. B. Nelson, O. B. Tone, Lars O. Dokken, G. E. Overstrud, E. Ellingson, J. M. Walhus, Andrew B. Foss, Andrew Lee, Otto Brenne, O. C. Hagen, H. M. Gjerdinger, Knud Olsen, S. H. Ellestad, Ole O. Roppe, Jr., Charles Hoegh, F. Bartholomew, H. N. Hendrickson, H. Hanson, N. P. Newhouse, P. Olsen Fallang, Gilbert Askum, Christian Olsen, Andreas Nikkelson, Hans S. Lee, Teman Gilbertson, Iver Seby, Magnus Johnson, Hans J. Ellefsrud, C. Muller, Nels Hendrickson, J. Muller, and E. A. Flaskerud petitioned the county board asking for the incorporation of a village to embrace the south half of section 11, township 101, range 7, and the north half of the north half of section 14, an area of 480 acres, the population of which on Oct. 31, 1889, was represented as 369 persons. It was set forth that of this territory, parts in the southeast quarter of section 11 had been platted by Mons Fladager, July 12, 1877, and Jan. 22, 1884.

O. B. Tone, one of the signers, was at that time chairman of the county board. On motion of H. It. Briggs at the regular session of that body, the petition was granted and the preliminaries placed in charge of Mr. Tone. An election was duly held Dec. 17, 1889, in charge of Lars Budahl, Ole O. Roppe, Jr., and H. N. Hendrickson, at which 75 votes were cast, 53 being in favor of the proposition and 22 opposed.

The first annual election was held Dec. 31, 1889, in charge of Ole C. Steneroden and E. Ellingson as judges and J. M. Walhus as clerk. Thirty four votes were cast and there was but one candidate for each office: President, Charles Hoegh trustees, N. Olson, O. B. Nelson and Asle Halverson recorder, S. H. Ellestad treasurer, H. N. Hendrickson justices, L. Budahl and F. Bartholomew constables, J. J. O'Brien and O. G. Myrah.

The first meeting of the new board was held Jan. 14, 1890. Dr. C. K. Onsgard was the first health officer. O. G. Myrah was the first street commissioner. Later in the year a number of sidewalks and cross walks were ordered. Thus the wheels of the village government were set in motion.

The presidents of the village have been: 1889, Charles Hoegh 1894, A. Halverson 1897, T. T. Bergh 1899, Truls Paulson 1903, Charles Hoegh 1906, O. B. Nelson 1907, Truls Paulson 1908, Asle Halverson 1909, G. C. Glasrud 1914, C. J. Sylling 1916, G. C. Glasrud 1918, C. J. Sylling.

The recorders have been: 1889, S. H. Ellestad 1897, H. L. Quanrud 1898, C. J. Schansberg 1903, F. E. Poerg 1907, Helmer Ostle 1908, E. O. Clauson 1914, Ove Hoegh 1917, E. L. Quinnell. March 9, 1910, John Vaaler was elected clerk, but refused to serve, and Mr. Clauson continued. All the early elections were practically unanimous the candidates receiving all, or within one or two of all, of the votes cast. Up to 1895, the greatest number of votes cast at any election was 34. In that year, owing to the water bond question, 63 votes were cast. But then interest waned, and in 1899, only 31 were cast. In 1900 there were 59 votes, the successful candidate for mayor having nine votes cast against him. The first real contest came in 1901 when Truls Paulson received 24 votes for president and Charles Hoegh 23. In 1902, Paulson received 58 votes and Hoegh 24. The next year out of 121 votes cast, Hoegh received 119. In that year, 1903, was the first contest for recorder, F. E. Joerg receiving 87 votes and H. L. Quanrud 34. In 1904, the total vote dropped to 42 and there were no contests. The license question coming up in 1905, there were 137 votes cast, but the only contest for an office was over the position of recorder, F. E. Joerg receiving 88 votes and Ove Hoegh, 50. On the license question, 33 votes were for license and 100 against. Again in 1906, the only contest was over recorder, F. E. Joerg receiving 69 and Helmer Ostle, 48 votes. In 1907 came the first contest for trustees, Ole Hendrickson receiving 21 votes against A. O. Roppe's 58 for a position on the board. The next year, Asle Halverson was elected president with 58 votes against Henry Fladager, who received 33. In 1909, when the voters were divided over the question of selling Lot No. 56, there was a close contest for all the offices except that of justice. The proposition to sell was carried by a vote of 39 to 26. Interest waned the next year, only 35 votes were cast and there were no contests. In 1911 there were contests for president and trustees but none were close.

In 1914 there were contests for mayor and trustees and clerk, but none were close except for clerk, Ove Hoegh defeating E. O. Clausen by a vote of 69 to 61. In 1915 there were no contests except for assessor, O. F. Karlsbratten receiving 33 and Charles Hoegh 25 votes. In 1916 there were no close contests, all except two being unanimous. The closest was for clerk, Hoegh receiving 54 and Clauson 27 votes. Glassrud had 71 votes for president, and Sylling 12. In 1917 the only contest was for mayor, G. C. Glasrud receiving 51 and J. N. Ristey 48 votes. In 1918 there were no close contests. For president, E. J. Foss received 26 votes against 40 for C. J. Sylling. In 1919 the election was unanimous.

Fire protection was established in 1891, when the village purchased land from Ole O. Roppe, erected an engine house and secured equipment consisting of 2 hand fire engines, trucks, platforms, hose and pails. As a preventive of fires, Ole O. Hagen was appointed to the position of chimney inspector. The village now has fire equipment consisting of three hose carts, a small hook and ladder truck, 700 feet of good 2½ inch hose and a bell alarm. There is a volunteer fire department of 25 members.

The first public well in Spring Grove dates back long before village days. Mons Fladager blasted a seventy foot well, and lined it with masonry, that being long before the days of the drilled wells. A windmill was placed over this and troughs extended to the street, thus providing water for public use. The first steps toward establishing the village waterworks were taken on Sept. 19, 1894, when land was purchased from Lars Budahl for $350, for the purpose of establishing a water supply. March 12, 1895, by a vote of 56 to 9, the voters authorized the issuing of $3,000 bonds. It was decided to have a plant operated by a windmill, but as the work progressed it was found necessary to have a deeper well and establish a gasoline engine pumping station, with tower and tank. The complete system with mains and hydrants was completed in the early spring of 1896 at a cost of $3,927. The system has since been extended.

The waterworks are conducted on an elevated tank system, with an 1,800 barrel tank on a 60 foot tower. The water supply comes from two deep wells, the pumping power being furnished by a gasoline engine. The pressure is 30 to 35 pounds. The village has about 3,000 feet of six inch mains, 16 double hydrants, and 4 dead ends.

Jan. 3, 1898, it was voted by the council to light the village streets with kerosene lights. April 17, 1901, it was voted by the council to introduce a gasoline system. In the meantime in 1892, the contract having been let Dec. 9, 1891. March 18, 1893, S. G. Reque was authorized to draw up plans for an electric light plant. A vote was taken on March 10, 1903, by the citizens on the question of issuing bonds of $5,500 for the purpose, and a favorable, decision was reached by a vote of 70 to 50. But on June 16, 1903, the council rejected all bids, and the proposition was abandoned. March 12, 1912, bonds of $7,500 were voted for a city hall, electric light plant and extended water works. The work was completed that year. The city hall is a sightly brick structure of one story, housing the plant and the council chamber, and lock up, and providing shelter for the fire apparatus. The same year a new city well was provided. Aug. 31, 1915, a contract was made with the Root River Power & Light Company for service for a period of fifteen years. At the same time $1,750 was voted to improve the local plant, so that the village now has excellent light service for street, commercial and residential purposes.

The Root River Power & Light Co. with home offices at Preston and power plant at Brightdale Park, supplies the village of Fountain, Preston, Harmony, Canton, Prosper, Mabel, Spring Grove, Caledonia and Houston. The officers are: president, Tollef Sanderson vice president, A. G. Olson secretary treasurer, S. A. Langum. A. H. Hanning is the general manager.

One of the beauties of Spring Grove already mentioned is the public park, a triangle of land lying west of the stately church. The eastern part of this park was presented to the village by the church. In 1914 the village erected a bandstand. In the meantime, a number of lots had been sold at the western apex. In 1916, these lots were occupied by several buildings. At the apex was a cellar hole, the store of T. T. Bergh having been torn down. East of this was a long building, extending from street to street, at an angle. It was vacant, the north end having previously been occupied by the Onsgard State Bank and the south end by the Olson & Kieland general store. Next east of this store was the blacksmith shop of H. P. Dahl. In the spring of 1916, Rev. Alfred O. Johnson and Albert Hallan appeared before the council representing the Church Auxiliary Board, the young peoples' society of the church, and presented a proposition by which that body agreed to present the village with $3,400 toward purchasing these lots, removing the buildings, filling up the holes, and converting the entire triangle into a park. The proposition was accepted, the buildings were removed and the ground levelled, the remainder of the expense being met by the village. The shrubbery which adorns the park was put in by the Ladies' Improvement Club. This club, officially named the Community Improvement Society, was organized April 4, 1917, with these officers: president, Mrs. C. M. Langland vice president, Mrs. Ove Hoegh treasurer, Mrs. J. N. Ristey secretary, Mrs. C. J. Helland.

The village has a sightly and commodious school building with graded and high school courses, one of the most efficient schools in the county. The first school in the vicinity was a Norwegian school. In 1857, a frame school house was built, about 18 by 24 feet. Here school was taught sometimes in English and sometimes in Norwegian. This building, across the road, east of the present school was the community center, serving as general meeting place, town hall, and school house. In 1872, a two story building was erected, giving place in recent years to the present structure. The building is well located, in the midst of spacious lawn, with ample accommodations for play grounds, athletic apparatus and the like.

The Spring Grove Hospital fills a need long felt in the community. Seeing the necessity of such an institution, Rev. Alfred O. Johnson, at the solicitation of a number of leading citizens, called a meeting early in 1916, and plans were perfected which resulted in the incorporation, Feb. 15, 1916. A suitable location on the northern outskirts of the village was purchased May 12, 1916, and the building was started at once. The institution was opened Jan. 8, 1917, in charge of Emma Larson. She was succeeded Dec. 14, 1918, by Miss Erlanson. The original officers and trustees are still serving. They are: Alfred O. Johnson, president Dr. G. M. Helland, vice president J. N. Ristey, secretary and treasurer J. J. Jetson, M. S. Nelson, P. L. Bergsgaard, H. A. Burtness, O. A. Kroshus, all of Spring Grove, and H. E. Burtness, of Caledonia. The hospital is pleasantly located on a commanding crest, is equipped with all modern facilities, is well attended, and is doing splendid work of healing and comfort.

The post office was established in 1854, through the exertions of James Smith, who was appointed postmaster, and the office was opened at his house, which was a tavern at that time. It was he who gave the name of Spring Grove. He continued to hold the place until about two years afterwards, when Embrick Knudson was appointed, and he removed the office to his house near the old Hinkley place. In 1861, Mons Fladager was appointed deputy, and kept it in his store for about a year, when Mr. Prentiss succeeded to the position and removed the office to his hotel, the old Hinkley store. After a time Dr. T. Jenson was appointed postmaster. He appointed J. C. Tartt as deputy, who took the office into his store in the east part of the village, near the old McCormick place. The office was kept in this way up to 1865, when Nels Olson Onsgard was commissioned. Then came Truls Paulson and next O. E. Kieland. Mons Flatager was then appointed by the Cleveland administration without solicitation, but he refused to serve, and T. I. Doely, who had circulated a petition, was appointed. He was followed by O. B. Tone, who was succeeded by O. C. Vaaler, who is still serving.

Spring Grove had a newspaper nearly forty years ago. In the spring of 1880 an enterprising young man, Sven H. Ellestad, started a small folio, 10 by 24 inches, and called it the Spring Grove Posten. He was editor, proprietor, publisher, and printer. Schmidt Nilson, who became interested in its success, contributed most of the editorial work to its columns. It had a local habitation in a small frame building back of T. T. Bergh's hardware store. His press was a small one, and is said to have cost $180. The paper flourished for a while, but the circumstances did not prove propitious, and the publication was discontinued, the subscription list being taken over by the Decorah Posten.

The Spring Grove Herald was started as the Spring Grove Weekly by W. H. Smethurst. The office was located in the Haaken & Haaken building, where Ellingson's restaurant now is. The paper had quite a struggle for existence, and was finally purchased by Frank Bartholomew, now at Winnebago City. He moved it to the corner building now occupied by the Fladager Brothers. Then he built a two story building with the printing establishment down stairs, and an opera house up stairs. In April, 1893, this building caught fire, and in spite of the heroic efforts of the volunteer fire department, with the fire pumps, this building, the implement warehouse next door, and the church, were all destroyed. It was only by strenuous work that the rest of the business section was saved. But undaunted Mr. Bartholomew printed a fire issue, and operated in a shack until the spring of 1895, when he sold it to O. K. Dahle, who built the present one story building on the same site, and edited the Herald until he was elected county attorney four and a half years later. It was then conducted by Geo. W. Drowley as lessee, for a time, and later sold to George H. Kuster, then principal of the local schools. He sold to Albert Olson, who in turn disposed of it to E. L. Berg. It was then transferred to B. L. Onsgard, the present owner, who has been in possession since 1906. During this period, the Herald has been edited by various parties as lessees: Charles L. Metcalf, three years and until he was elected clerk of court and O. O. Kjomme during the years 1914 and 1915. With these exceptions, the paper has been ably conducted by Mr. Onsgard himself, and under his management has enjoyed a large circle and important influence.

The two banks are the State Bank of Spring Grove and the Onsgard State Bank.

The Onsgard State Bank had its beginning in the seventies when Nels Olson Onsgard, then a store keeper, began to handle the financial affairs of his customers as a personal accommodation, selling them drafts, arranging loans and the like. In 1890, this business was organized as the Bank of Spring Grove, and established in the rear of the store. Later a brick addition was built, facing northward on the other street. Sept. 6, 1907, the Onsgard State Bank was incorporated, with Nels O. Onsgard as president, O. K. Dahle as vice president, O. N. Onsgard as cashier, and B. N. Onsgard as assistant cashier. In 1911, O. N. Onsgard became vice president, B. N. Onsgard cashier and 0 E Hallan, assistant cashier. In 1915, after the death of Nels Olson Onsgard, O. K. Dahle became president, the other officers remaining as before. In 1917, P. T. Newhouse succeeded O. N. Onsgard as vice president. On Nov. 1, 1918, B. T. Haugen became second assistant cashier. The officers are now: president, O. K. Dahle vice president, P. T. Newhouse cashier, B. N. Onsgard assistant cashier, O. E. Hallan second assistant cashier, B. T. Haugen. The institution moved to its sightly new banking house, Feb. 7, 1916. This building is well equipped for its purpose, having aside from the main banking room, a consulting room and an officers' room, with other conveniences. The bank has a capital of $25,000, surplus and undivided profits of $15,622.96 loans and discounts of $266,758.18 total deposits of $388,054.81 and immediate cash reserve of $53,463.70, according to the report of Dec. 31, 1918. The bank aims to give to its patrons every service compatible with conservative banking judgment. Realizing that in the development of the rural districts lies the future of the village, it is helping in that development in every way possible, and impresses on the farmers that the banking house is their real financial headquarters, where consultation may be had on all subjects pertaining to their mutual interests.

The State Bank of Spring Grove was incorporated Nov. 1, 1904, by C. J. Scofield, of Caledonia O. B. Tone, O. B. Nelson, Mons Fladager and Dr. Trond Stabo, of Spring Grove and E. J. Scofield, of Elbow Lake. Nov. 10, these gentlemen, as directors, met and chose O. B. Tone as president, O. B. Nelson as vice president, and C. J. Scofield as cashier. In the meantime, a bank building, a sightly structure of brick, a real ornament to the business street of Spring Grove, and in every way excellently equipped for its purpose, had been erected. Doors were opened on Dec. 12, 1904, in sole charge of the cashier, C. J. Scofield. The capital stock was $15,000 and the surplus $5,000. The institution since then has enjoyed a well deserved growth. From a staff of one the working force has increased to four. Oct. 1, 1906, Charley M. Langland became assistant cashier in January, 1916, Archie C. Scofield, son of the cashier, became second assistant cashier and on June 5, 1918, M. C. Ike became bookkeeper. O. B. Tone, the first president, served until his death, March 14, 1917, and at the January meeting of 1918 was succeeded by O. B. Nelson, and Mr. Nelson was succeeded as vice president by Peter Fladager who, after the death of his father, Mons Fladager, in 1906, had become a director at the January meeting of 1907. In January, 1914, Charley M. Langland succeeded Dr. Trond Stabo as director. But in January, 1918, Dr. Stabo again became a director. So with the retirement of O. B. Tone and Mons Fladager, both deceased, and the addition of Charley M. Langland and Peter Fladager, the directorate is the same as originally constituted. In 1905, the first full year of business, the bank had deposits of $56,002.36, and loans and discounts of $44,112.27. In 1910, the deposits were $205,434.35, and the loans and discounts $176,976.19. In 1915, the deposits were $313,852.46, and the loans and discounts $339,032.46. The bank is in close touch with farming conditions, and aims to be a farmers bank in every particular. It endeavors to assist the farmers in their financial affairs, looking after their investments and giving advice at all times. It has also taken an important part in distributing helpful literature, encouraging business methods in agriculture, and lending its best assistance in the progress of the community. According to the report, at the end of 1918 the bank had a capital of $15000 surplus and undivided profits of $14,785 loans and discounts of $289,092.97 total deposits of $393,678.76 and immediate cash assets of $69,859.96.

The creamery industry is an important one in Spring Grove. The first creamery in Spring Grove was started by Nels Olson Onsgard, merchant and banker. The successive owners were then: Graham & Tollefson Ole N. Kjome, Sylling & Larson, Gaare & Sylling and Nels Kjome, the latter of whom sold to the co-operative company. The Spring Grove Co-operative Creamery Co. was incorporated Jan. 28, 1909, by Knute H. Rauk, P. C. Onstad, O. C. Vaaler, Albert Bergsrud, Magnus Thoreson, Peter Kinneberg and K. E. Kieland. K. H. Rauk was the first president. The present officers are: president, Henry Roverud vice president, C. B. Doety secretary, Carl Haugen treasurer, Peter Onstad directors, Knute H. Rauk, O. A. Kroshus and John N. Schmidt.

The vicinity of Spring Grove was selected as the site of a village in 1852 by James Smith, and at once became a famous stopping place for the heavy stream of pioneers coming from Brownsville, or up over the Iowa prairies and bound far the rich farm lands to the westward and northwestward. He put up a house and a store on the eastern part of section 11, and began to accommodate travelers. In 1855, he sold his store to William Hinckley. Hinckley bought land of Embrick Knudson, and erected and opened a store a half a mile west of Smith's place. About this time Embrick Benson sold to William Flemming forty acres on which most of the village is now located. Flemming opened a hotel, called the "Pumpkin Tavern." About this time Smith platted a village which never materialized. He soon sold to Robert McCormick who kept a public house. Nick and Jesse Demering opened a saloon near the "Pumpkin Tavern," but soon sold to a Mr. Badger, of Wisconsin, who put in a stock of merchandise. This building with its contents was soon burned. Tartt & Smith from Dorchester, Iowa, then opened a store but remained only a short time. In the meantime the forty first owned by Benson and then by Flemming had passed into the hands of Peter Halverson. In February, 1860, he sold to Mons Fladager, the real founder of the village. Mr. Fladager opened a store in the "Pumpkin Tavern" building. In 1864, he erected a store on the site of the old Badger building. In 1881, he completed a brick block. The same store is now occupied by his sons. Mr. Fladager platted the present village. When he arrived here there were but two people, William Hinckley, keeping a general store, and Peter McCormick, keeping a hotel.

In the meantime, the surrounding country had been settled by sturdy Norwegian pioneers, the vanguard coming in 1852. Of the first colony, there now remain but two: Mrs. Mons Fladager, who was Jorend P. Lommen, daughter of Peter Lommen, and L. T. Johnson. The early township history has been related. The interests of the township center in the village, the town hall being located but half a mile to the westward. This building was erected in 1896, has suitable sheds, and in the yard a commanding flag pole has been erected. Nearby is the beautiful cemetery where so many of the pioneers repose.


Founded in 1797, Spring Grove is the nation's second-oldest psychiatric hospital. Only the Eastern State Hospital which was founded in 1773 in Williamsburg, Virginia, is older. In its long history it has been variously known as The Baltimore Hospital, The Maryland Hospital, The Maryland Hospital for the Insane, and finally as The Spring Grove Hospital Center. The present site was purchased in 1852 by which time the original buildings had become inadequate. Dr Richard Sprigg Steuart, then President of the Board and Medical Superintendent, managed to obtain authorization and funding from the Maryland General Assembly for the construction of the new facility at Spring Grove. He chaired the committee that selected the Hospital's present site in Catonsville, and he personally contributed $1,000 towards the purchase of the land. [ 2 ] Building was however delayed by the onset of the American Civil War, and was not completed until 1872. Steuart's building (known at various times as "The Main Building", "The Center Building" or "The Administration Building,") remained the main hospital facility for almost 100 years. It was eventually demolished in 1963, when it was replaced by more modern construction. [ 1 ]

Baltimore Heritage

Timothy Leary’s got nothing on Baltimore! Join us for a walk around the Spring Grove Hospital Center campus to see this partially abandoned historic facility where, among other things, the first and longest government-run psychedelic drug research took place. Here, scientists tested LSD and other chemicals as potential treatments for psychiatric illnesses until national controversy caught up with everybody and the research was shut down in 1976.

Spring Grove has a history far deeper than the experimental 1960s. Founded in 1797, it is the second oldest continuously operating psychiatric hospital in the country. Before the Civil War, free and enslaved African Americans were also patients here. Later it became a whites-only facility. Today, Spring Grove treats around 300 patients, a fraction of its 1960 population. There’s also a psychiatric illness research facility in the same building where the LSD experiments occurred.

Our our tour we’ll see the remnants of the oldest building on campus and industrial structures from the 1930s, plus a barely noticeable cemetery. Join us as we walk through three centuries of history that weaves together tales of yellow fever epidemic, Confederate traitors, and psychedelic scandal. Groovy.

A personal unique caring touch.

Whether it is a garden reception, a remembrance pick-up softball game, or a more traditional service, Spring Grove is known for a personal unique and caring touch. Our staff specializes in creating those moments that inspire your guests to share their favorite memories of your loved one. Click below and see what Spring Grove can create for you.

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Bakery and Laundry

By: Kathryn Simmons

Vocational buildings at mental institutions tend to take a backseat to the more established patient wards in status and prominence. The history of the Laundry and the Bakery at the South Carolina State Hospital for the Insane has certainly fallen by the wayside due to their reputation as more menial structures. Nonetheless, these two distinct structures possess architectural integrity and history making them value worthy of preservation. They exemplify the importance and the history of occupational therapy in psychiatry during nineteenth-century America, and they both set the standard for the construction of other buildings of the same vernacular style at other sites.

The introduction of occupational therapy significantly changed mid-nineteenth-century American psychiatric treatment. It suggested that being in a routine set in a peaceful and supportive environment can be restorative, allowing the curing process to proceed, and even to accelerate.[1] Therefore, it was common for hospital staff to encourage the mentally ill to work while under the care of an institution.[2] This kind of occupational therapy was no different at the Columbia Division on Bull Street. Individuals with less serious ailments were given permission, even encouraged, to perform tasks around the campus, including working in places such as the institution’s bakery and laundry.

Positioned directly behind the Babcock building, and different than the laundry facility that is still standing today, the original Laundry on Mills Drive was erected in 1884. Prior to its completion, the structure was initially a steam plant however, it was adaptively reused as the mental hospital’s first official laundry facility.[3] The Building Committee reported that this “neat, substantial brick structure” was nearly completed in 1882 however, they needed a small appropriation in the amount of $94.45 in order to finish the job.[4] Even more, the place where clothing and linen were laundered prior to this time was considerably modest: The Sixty-Second Annual Report indicates that a large brick room was added to the Laundry building in its early years, replacing a wooden shed that was used for washing dirty laundry.[5] Even though it was not originally built as a laundry, this means that the original Laundry building on Mills Drive provided the first established and longstanding structure for these particular tasks to be performed.

The Laundry building that still stands consists of a central section with extended wings, and is elevated to two levels. It also houses a cupola, which is comparable to the one located on the roof of Babcock, even though its iconic neighbor’s is more cylindrical. The Laundry is a structure more vernacular and occupational in nature, supplied with an engine and boiler as well as basic machinery for washing, drying, and ironing. The building itself is analogous to many other laundry facilities in the States as well, including those regarded as the best in the country. Though, designing the buildings to resemble one another was done merely out of convenience and building efficiency.[6] The Spring Grove Hospital Center in Williamsburg, Virginia, for instance, is the second oldest psychiatric hospital in the nation it houses a one-story laundry building similar in style to the one at Bull Street.[7]

An earthquake on August 31, 1885 brought destruction to several buildings, including the Laundry. It left many in turmoil, and the Building Committee issued a deposition to rebuild many aspects of the campus as a result. It also wanted to take the proper precautions to ensure that the structures could withstand similar disasters in the future. The Laundry was supplied with indoor hydrants and sufficient hose following an accident at City Water Supply, the workers were asked to find an alternative source as well. They dug a large well in the rear of the building as a result. In the end, a considerable amount of funds was spent on maintenance and improvements that year, including a tank and steam pump.[8] Regrettably, tragedy struck once again when the Laundry was consumed by fire two years later in 1887. The structure’s insurance, amounting to nearly $6,000, allowed the Building Committee to make plans to construct another laundry plant, to repair the boilers and the grist mill, and to purchase a new engine.[9]

The patients working in the Laundry aided in these changes and in the upkeep of the building as part of their occupational therapy. According to archival records, these patients—as well as others who received the same type of therapy—were not paid but merely encouraged to work.[10] The Mental Health Board and others in higher authority declared it was solely for the benefit of the patients and occupational therapy purposes, yet this proves to be rather suspicious since the hospital was benefiting from a substantial amount of free labor. These patients were among others who aided in the maintenance and sustainment of these vocational buildings, but the patients highly outnumbered them.

This structure stood for only three years before a newly constructed Bakery joined it in 1900. At a height of fifteen and a half feet, it features a central portion and it contains machinery for baking and two ovens, as well as two wings assigned for storing bread and flour.[11] Like the Laundry building at the Columbia Division of the State Hospital, there were facilities similar in style and architecture to the Bakery at other institutions, such as the Bakery at the United States Military Academy at West Point.[12] Patients that worked at the Bakery as part of their occupational therapy were responsible for preparing baked goods for everyone on the campus as well as those at the Pineland Training School. They worked in conjunction with the central kitchen, which was where they baked goods prior to the building’s construction: The patients prepared any necessary items in the Bakery, and then delivered those to the kitchen, which was where the main food was prepared. Workers then carried the meals to each dining room and dormitory in “food trains.”[13] This system of production influenced a similar arrangement when the Bakery and the kitchens merged in the early 1950s, known today as the Food Services Building. This new facility provided more efficient food preparation and serving, and many called it the best in the Southeast.[14]

Around the same time, the Board of Health contracted the Columbia architectural firm Lafaye & Lafaye to lay the foundation for the development and construction of a new Laundry and Bakery at State Park. Overseen by Robert S. Lafaye, the Laundry building was completed on January 10, 1914.[15] The staff and patients needed these new facilities, especially the Laundry, because the existing ones failed to meet the hospital’s needs.[16] The annual reports frequently lamented the overcrowded conditions of the hospital and, similar to the events at the Columbia Division, the Laundry facility regrettably could not keep up with the demands. During the latter part of 1959, the Board of Health contracted the laundry management consulting services of Victor Kramer Co., Inc. in hopes of establishing a facility that provided better quality and more efficient service. Establishing a Bakery and a Laundry facility at State Park authorized the decommission of their former counterparts at the Columbia Division, for these new structures were purpose-built to serve not only the State Hospital at Bull Street, but also the penitentiary, the youth reformatories in the surrounding area, and Whitten Village upstate.[17]

Standing in the shadows of the grand Babcock building for almost a century, the Laundry and the Bakery both have an architectural history worthy of preservation. These structures illustrate the importance and the history of occupational therapy at the height of nineteenth-century psychiatry. They—in addition to their counterparts at State Park—also set the standard for similar vocational buildings, such as the Laundry at the Spring Grove Hospital Center and the Bakery at West Point. Each annual report and archived document further exemplified and proved this. These two buildings were imperative for the effective treatment of each patient—not just those who worked there. They were more than just a laundry and a bakery.

[1] Katherine Ziff, Asylum on the Hill: History of a Healing Landscape (Athens: Ohio University Press, 2012), 7.

[2] Carla Yanni, The Architecture of Madness: Insane asylums in the United States (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2007), 74-75.

[3] 1958 Report of Committee to Study Mental Health Laws and Facilities, The South Carolina Picture, 17, Box 10A, Series 190018, State Dept. of Mental Health Office of the State Commissioner Administrative, correspondence, and speech files of the superintendent/state commissioner ca. 1919-1973, “Laundry 1959 thru 1960,” South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Columbia, SC. (Hereafter referred to as SCDAH)

[4] 59th Annual Report of the South Carolina Lunatic Asylum for the Fiscal Year 1881-82, 7-14, Container 1, Series 190002, Mental Health Commission, Annual Reports of the South Carolina Department of Mental Health 1838-1903, SCDAH.

[5] 62nd Annual Report of the South Carolina Lunatic Asylum for the Fiscal Year 1884-85, 23, Container 1, Series 190002, Mental Health Commission, Annual Reports of the South Carolina Department of Mental Health 1838-1903, SCDAH.

[6] 62nd Annual Report of the South Carolina Lunatic Asylum for the Fiscal Year 1884-85, 23, Container 1, Series 190002, Mental Health Commission, Annual Reports of the South Carolina Department of Mental Health 1838-1903, SCDAH 59th Annual Report of the South Carolina Lunatic Asylum for the Fiscal Year 1881-82 (p. 11), Container 1, Series 190002, Mental Health Commission, Annual Reports of the South Carolina Department of Mental Health 1838-1903, SCDAH.

[7] “Spring Grove Hospital: A History of Spring Grove,” last modified July 20, 2011,

[8] 63rd Annual Report of the South Carolina Lunatic Asylum for the Fiscal Year 1885-86, 9-10, Container 1, Series 190002, Mental Health Commission, Annual Reports of the South Carolina Department of Mental Health 1838-1903, SCDAH.

[9] 74th Annual Report of the South Carolina State Hospital for the Insane for the Year 1887, 6, Container 1, Series 190002, Mental Health Commission, Annual Reports of the South Carolina Department of Mental Health 1838-1903, SCDAH.

[10] “A New Laundry for Negro Division is Called Greatest Need,” Series 19008, State Dept. of Mental Health Agency General Reference Scrapbooks, 1951-1964, Newspaper Clippings Unlabeled black binder, SCDAH

[11] 77th Annual Report of the South Carolina State Hospital for the Insane for the Year 1900, 15, Container 1, Series 190002, Mental Health Commission, Annual Reports of the South Carolina Department of Mental Health 1838-1903, SCDAH.

[12] “State Hospital’s New Kitchen and Bakery Called Best in the Southeast,” The State Newspaper, Series 19008, State Dept. of Mental Health Agency General Reference Scrapbooks, 1951-1964, Newspaper Clippings Unlabeled black binder, SCDAH.

[13] “A New Laundry for Negro Division is Called Greatest Need,” Series 19008, State Dept. of Mental Health Agency General Reference Scrapbooks, 1951-1964, Newspaper Clippings Unlabeled black binder, SCDAH.

[14] “State Hospital’s New Kitchen and Bakery Called Best in the Southeast,” The State Newspaper, Series 19008, State Dept. of Mental Health Agency General Reference Scrapbooks, 1951-1964, Newspaper Clippings Unlabeled black binder, SCDAH.

[14] “A New Laundry for Negro Division is Called Greatest Need,” Series 19008, State Dept. of Mental Health Agency General Reference Scrapbooks, 1951-1964, Newspaper Clippings Unlabeled black binder, SCDAH.

[15]4th Annual Report of State Hospital Commission to the General Assembly of South Carolina 1913, 2, Container 2, Series 190002, Mental Health Commission, Annual Reports of the South Carolina Department of Mental Health 1905-1958, SCDAH.

[16] “A New Laundry for Negro Division is Called Greatest Need,” Series 19008, State Dept. of Mental Health Agency General Reference Scrapbooks, 1951-1964, Newspaper Clippings Unlabeled black binder, SCDAH.

[17] Barnett, Joe. “New Pen Cellblock, State-Use Laundry Are Okayed by Board,” The State Newspaper, Box 10A, Series 190018, State Dept. of Mental Health Office of the State Commissioner Administrative, correspondence, and speech files of the superintendent/state commissioner ca. 1919-1973, “Laundry 1959 thru 1960,” SCDAH.

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According to Spring Grove's annual report of 1906, the building housed 25 patients. The upper floor was used as sleeping quarters, and the lower floor included a sitting room ("for those who do not work") and a dining room.

The original hospital was located in the city of Baltimore and dates to 1797, making it the second oldest continuously operated psychiatric hospital in the country. Because of the need for expanded facilities, the present site in Catonsville was purchased in 1852.

In the spring of 1955, M. Edythe Klotzman and her husband Aaron gathered a group of their friends together in Baltimore to create a new non-profit organization – Friends of Psychiatric Research, more commonly known as Friends. They wanted to create an organization dedicated to fostering research to improve the lives of people with mental illness. They also believed that an independent non-profit research institution was the best vehicle for bringing together the variety of people whose different talents could shed light on socio-medical problems. Aaron personally contributed $2,500, representing 1/3 of the total first year’s operating budget.

Research on the Treatment of Serious and Persistent Mental Illness

At the outset, Friends of Psychiatric Research was based at Spring Grove State Hospital fostering research on mental disorders. In 1960, Friends received funding for its first federal research grant. By 1962, the organization was associated with Springfield State Hospital, and in 1964, Friends was appointed to conduct research for all seven of the State of Maryland’s state psychiatric hospitals.

During Friends’ association with the State of Maryland, there were a number of notable accomplishments. Researchers completed a collaborative outpatient study of the treatment of schizophrenia with participants from Maryland State Psychiatric Hospitals. Drs. Albert Kurland, Thomas Hanlon, and Kay Ota in particular conducted an important comparative effectiveness trial of different anti-psychotic medications for the treatment of schizophrenia. Their research also examined the use of anti-depressant therapy in this patient population. In addition, this team examined other important areas of the treatment of serious and persistent mental disorders.

Friends instituted a “night hospital” at Spring Grove Hospital for women on the road to recovery from mental health problems who still needed the support of the hospital on a daily basis. These women worked during the day and returned “home” to the Hospital each evening. This program was one of the first such programs in the United States. Friends also sponsored two vocational rehabilitation residences for developmentally challenged children in downtown Baltimore.

For approximately ten years, beginning in 1967, Friends operated two group homes for men and women with mental health problems in Baltimore, Maryland. More than 500 clients who lived in the homes received counseling, participated in social adjustment programs and, when possible, held jobs and contributed their earnings to the homes’ operating expenses. About 20% of the clients were able to return to the community as self-supporting individuals.

Friends helped administer the Veterans Administration (VA) – National Institute of Mental Health grant for a multi-site lithium carbonate clinical trial for bipolar disorder at 22 VA hospitals nationwide. The VA’s Central Neuropsychiatric Research Laboratory under the direction of Dr. James Klett oversaw this important study.

Findings from pharmacotherapy studies and group homes demonstrated that people with serious and persistent mental illness could be treated in the community to permit their reintegration in society and at much lower cost than residing in state institutions. These findings contributed to emerging deinstitutionalization trends in the United States.

As its research projects became more diverse and numerous, the name of the organization was changed to Friends Medical Science Research Center, Inc. Friends’ reputation was growing as well. Physicians, other health professionals, and principal investigators in Maryland were approaching Friends to administer research projects for them.

Heroin and Other Opioid Addiction

Friends made major contributions to the study of heroin addiction and its treatment from the early days of the heroin epidemic in the 1960s. In June 1964, the Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity, aware of the growing need to evaluate drug treatment programs in the United States, sought Friends’ assistance, thrusting the organization into the national spotlight and into the newly emerging world of electronic data collection.

Dr. David Nurco, who joined Friends in the mid-1960s, began studying the impact of drug abuse on families and the community, establishing the Friends Social Research Center (SRC) as the organization’s primary research site, until the opening of its Los Angeles office in the 1970s. Since its inception, researchers at the SRC have focused their work on determining the nature, correlates, and consequences of drug abuse and developing effective treatment interventions.

In 1963, Friends Medical Laboratory was established to detect heroin and other substance use through urine testing. The laboratory was used in research conducted by Drs. Nurco, Hanlon, and colleagues to examine approaches to better provide community supervision of individuals on parole and probation. It was also used in clinical trials of early opioid antagonists (cyclazocine and naloxone) in this population. The laboratory subsequently provided services to substance abuse treatment programs and private industry throughout the State of Maryland. Researchers in the lab pioneered a technique for testing urine specimens for 36 opioids and other substances. The Friends laboratory still operates today as a corporation separate from FRI, serving as a community partner in the treatment of drug use disorders.

In 1971, Dr. John Krantz, one of Friends’ original Board members, recognized the need to treat drug addiction as a disease. His dream was to provide treatment for adolescents with substance use problems, a cause for which he personally raised $167,000. Friends secured additional state and federal funding to provide treatment for substance using youth. This marked the beginning of Epoch Counseling Center, located in metropolitan Baltimore, which provided outpatient counseling for adolescents and adults with alcohol and drug problems.

In 1975, an increasing number of requests for assistance with grants administration from VA hospitals in California led to the establishment of a Friends branch in Tarzana, California. At that time, Friends, through Dr. Klett’s VA research group, assisted with a federally-funded VA cooperative study of a long-acting opioid pharmacotherapy, called LAAM, for the treatment of heroin addiction. This study was funded by President Nixon’s Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention led by the nation’s first drug czar, Dr. Jerome Jaffe, now a senior research scientist at FRI. The study brought Dr. Walter Ling to Friends for a 40-year collaboration between his research group at UCLA and Friends to examine treatments for opioid and other substance use disorders.

Throughout the 1980s, principal investigators involved in extramural studies funded by the National Institutes of Health began requesting Friends to administer their grants, including pharmaceutical studies. In addition, during the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s, FRI investigators continued to expand their research work in the identification and treatment of opioid and other drug use disorders, focusing on pharmacotherapy, psychosocial treatments, bio-behavioral HIV interventions, and prevention. In 1996, Friends updated its name to Friends Research Institute (FRI) to reflect is broader research focus.

In 1997, through the tireless efforts of Dr. Steven Shoptaw, FRI established Safe House, which continuously operated until 2015. Safe House provided low-cost, safe, and decent housing to people living with HIV/AIDS who also may have had unstable housing, a mental illness, and/or substance problem. Safe House helped this vulnerable community by reducing the barriers to care.

In 2008, FRI assumed responsibility for an existing clinic in Los Angeles, renamed the Friends Community Center, which operates service programs and conducts research studies focused on reducing substance use (including methamphetamine) and HIV risks with individuals who experience multiple health disparities. The site is located on the border of Hollywood and West Hollywood.

Today, an interdisciplinary group of FRI investigators continue to conduct research on substance misuse and its intersection with criminal justice, HIV/AIDS, health, and mental health. Their work has garnered widespread recognition resulting from its contribution to both scientific knowledge and clinical practice. Throughout its history and into the future, FRI is committed to contributing to the well-being of society through studies designed to discover effective and scalable approaches to alleviate some of the most vexing health and societal problems.


(M00L01, formerly 32.12.01)
FY2021 appropriation: $414,508,371 authorized positions: 119.8
Aliya C. Jones, M.D., Deputy Executive Director (410) 402-8452
e-mail: [email protected]

Springfield Hospital Center, Sykesville, Maryland, August 2006. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
Stephanie C. Slowly, Acting Chief of Staff (410) 402-8451
e-mail: [email protected]

Steven G. Whitefield, M.D., Medical Director (410) 402-8446
e-mail: [email protected]


    (M00L07, formerly 32.12.07)
    FY2021 appropriation: $22,958,055 authorized positions: 188.6
    Forrest A. Daniels, D.Sc., Chief Executive Officer (410) 221-2525 1-888-216-8110 (toll free) fax: (410) 221-2558
    e-mail: [email protected]

        Appointed by Governor upon recommendation of Secretary of Health to 4-year terms:
        Vacancy, Chair (chosen by Board)
        James E. Smith, 2016 Cheryl T. Cotten, 2019 Sylvia M. Dlugokinski-Plenz, 2020 Katherine A. Smith, 2020 Cathy Jo Jones, D.N.P., 2022 Stacey L. Kram, D.N.P., 2022 Andrew J. Naumann, 2023 Debra A. Webster, Ed.D., 2024 three vacancies.

      Jennifer T. Jones, Director (410) 221-2503 e-mail: [email protected]

      Vacancy, Director (410) 221-2428

      Lisa K. Hines, R.N., Manager (410) 221-2428 e-mail: [email protected]

      Vacancy, Director (410) 221-2330

      William H. Webb, Chief Operations Officer (410) 221-2527
      e-mail: [email protected]

      Lori A. Woods, Chief Financial Officer (410) 221-2312 e-mail: [email protected]

      Wallace O. Creighton, Chief (410) 221-2323 e-mail: [email protected]

      Vacancy, Supervisor (410) 221-2363

      Randall T. Williams, Supervisor (410) 221-2372

      Paula Palladino, Clinical Director (410) 221-2492
      e-mail: [email protected]

      Doris A. Staeudle, Ph.D., Director (410) 221-2334 e-mail: [email protected]

      Kimberly S. Lawhorne, Manager (410) 221-2380

      Rachel Sadorf, Director (410) 221-2457 e-mail: [email protected]

      (M00L04, formerly 32.12.04)
      FY2021 appropriation: $22,165,949 authorized positions: 186.5
      Lesa A. Diehl, Chief Executive Officer (301) 777-2240
      e-mail: [email protected]

              Appointed by Governor upon recommendation of Secretary of Health to 4-year terms:
              Vacancy, Chair (chosen by Board)
              Alvin Scott Gibson, 2019 Yvonne M. Perret, 2021 David A. Goad, 2022 Craig A. Robertson, 2022 Mary S. Shrout, 2022 Mark A. Tomick, 2022 Rayelle T. Davis, 2024.

              Gerard A. Peck (301) 777-2249

              Joseph E. Crawford, Jr., Supervisor (301) 777-2280

              MEDICAL RECORDS
              Krystal A. Dowling, Supervisor (301) 777-2325 e-mail: [email protected]

              Christina M. Loney, Administrator (301) 777-2236 e-mail: [email protected]

              James D. Hott, Chief (301) 777-2205 e-mail: [email protected]

              Jimmie R. Murphy, Purchasing Officer (301) 777-2227

              PATIENT SERVICES
              Linda de Hoyos, M.D., Clinical Director (301) 777-2270
              e-mail: [email protected]

              James M. Crable, Clinical Pharmacist (301) 777-2221

              Janet L. Hendershot, Psy.D., Director (301) 777-2220 e-mail: [email protected]

              Melissa J. Nething, Director (301) 777-2232

              (M00L10, formerly 32.12.10)
              FY2021 appropriation: $71,616,033 authorized positions: 599.5
              Marian G. Fogan, Chief Executive Officer (410) 724-3003 fax: (410) 724-3009
              e-mail: [email protected]

                      CITIZENS ADVISORY BOARD
                      Appointed by Governor upon recommendation of Secretary of Health to 4-year terms:
                      Danielle LaSure-Bryant, Chair (chosen by Board, 1-year term), 2021
                      C. Arthur Blair, 2018 Jennifer L. Shotwell, 2020 Sandora B. Cathcart, 2021 Anna E. D'Agostino, 2021 Tracie A. Montague, 2021 Yetta D. Lyle, 2022 two vacancies.

                      Vacancy, Chief Operating Officer (410) 724-3003

                      DIETARY SERVICES
                      Vacancy, Director (410) 724-3045

                    HUMAN RESOURCES
                    Jazmine J. Rich, Director (410) 724-3014 e-mail: [email protected]

                    PATIENT SERVICES
                    Inna Taller, M.D., Clinical Director (410) 724-3076
                    e-mail: [email protected]

                      Lawrence Q. Brown, Director (410) 724-3227

                    MEDICAL CLINIC
                    Syed Karim, M.D., Director (410) 724-3105 e-mail: [email protected]

                    Michelle L. Preston, Chief Nursing Officer (410) 724-3184 e-mail: [email protected]

                    PRETRIAL EVALUATIONS
                    Danielle R. Robinson, M.D. (410) 724-3217 e-mail: [email protected]

                    Inna Taller, M.D., Director (410) 724-3079

                    Salah C. (Chris) Khellaf, Ph.D., Director (410) 724-3019 e-mail: [email protected]

                    Marian G. Fogan, O.T.R./L. (410) 724-3211 e-mail: [email protected]

                        CITIZENS ADVISORY BOARD
                        Appointed by Governor upon recommendation of Secretary of Health to 4-year terms:
                        Vacancy, Chair (chosen by Board)
                        Michele A. Washart, 2019 Sandra B. Pelzer, 2020 Nakieta Lankster, Psy.D., 2021 Brynez M. Roane, Ph.D., 2022 Jane S. Casper, 2024 two vacancies.

                      Molly J. Evans, Chief Operating Officer (410) 368-7825
                      e-mail: [email protected]

                      MEDICAL SERVICES
                      Tonya D. Tuggle, M.D., Medical Director (410) 369-7803
                      e-mail: [email protected]

                          CITIZENS ADVISORY BOARD
                          Appointed by Governor upon recommendation of Secretary of Health to 4-year terms:
                          Vacancy, Chair (chosen by Board)
                          Thomas Pulaski, 2019 Mary M. Bradley, R.N., 2020 Adaugo Frimpong, 2020 Darlene A. Simmons, 2021 Rebecca Cutick, 2022 Beverly C. Richardson-O'Neil, 2024 Lori R. Stone, 2024.

                        James Polimadei, Chief Operating Officer (301) 251-6824
                        e-mail: [email protected]

                        MEDICAL SERVICES
                        Claudette J. Bernstein, M.D., Medical Director (301) 251-6821
                        e-mail: [email protected]

                          Suba Serry, Director (301) 251-6863

                        PSYCHOLOGY SERVICES
                        Prabha Menon, Director (301) 251-6857 e-mail: [email protected]

                          SPRING GROVE HOSPITAL CENTER (Catonsville)
                          (M00L09, formerly 32.12.09)
                          FY2021 appropriation: $86,593,873 authorized positions: 740.4
                          Dwain S. Shaw, J.D., Chief Executive Officer (410) 402-7455
                          e-mail: [email protected]
                                CITIZENS ADVISORY BOARD
                                Appointed by Governor upon recommendation of Secretary of Health to 4-year terms:
                                Vacancy, Chair (chosen by Board)
                                Kevin G. Becker, 2020 Linda J. Raines, 2024 Sue Song, 2021 Paula W. Wolf, 2021 Richard K. Powell, 2022 Edgar K. Wiggins, 2023 Linda J. Raines, 2024 three vacancies.

                                  ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES
                                  Jorel M. Fleming, Chief Operating Officer (410) 402-7301
                                  e-mail: [email protected]

                                  Linda M. Alexander-Johnson, Director, Dietary Operations Service (410) 402-7577 e-mail: [email protected]

                                Colina V. Mason, Chief Human Resource Officer (410) 402-7501 e-mail: [email protected]

                                PLANT MANAGEMENT
                                Bryan K. Chenoweth, Director (410) 402-7405 e-mail: [email protected]

                                PATIENT SERVICES
                                Marie Rose Alam, M.D., Chief Medical Officer (410) 402-7595
                                e-mail: [email protected]

                                  Mark N. Mollenhauer, M.D., Associate Clinical Director (410) 402-7595 e-mail: [email protected]

                                CLINICAL OPERATIONS
                                Vacancy, Chief (410) 402-7204

                                CONTINUED CARE DIVISION
                                Vacancy, Director (410) 402-7131

                                DENTAL SERVICES
                                Shankari Kumarachandran, D.D.S., Director (410) 402-7804 e-mail: [email protected]

                                Karima M. Orpia, Director (410) 402-7788 e-mail: [email protected]

                                HEALTH INFORMATION SERVICES
                                Ann M. Sutton, Director (410) 402-7657 e-mail: [email protected]

                                Wendy A. Tarbalouti, R.N., Chief Nursing Officer (410) 402-7818 e-mail: [email protected]

                                PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT
                                John E. O'Brien, Director (410) 402-7297 e-mail: [email protected]

                                Robert P. Zepp, Director (410) 402-7817

                                Jerome F. (Jerry) Kowalewski, Ph.D., Director (410) 402-7699

                                REHABILITATION SERVICES
                                Margaret H. Farley, Director (410) 402-7166 e-mail: [email protected]

                                SOCIAL WORK
                                Robin M. Templeton, Director (410) 402-7550 e-mail: [email protected]

                                  SPRINGFIELD HOSPITAL CENTER (Sykesville)
                                  (M00L08, formerly 32.12.08)
                                  FY2021 appropriation: $73,783,665 authorized positions: 672.5
                                  Paula A. Langmead, Chief Executive Officer (410) 970-7000
                                  e-mail: [email protected]
                                        CITIZENS ADVISORY BOARD
                                        Appointed by Governor upon recommendation of Secretary of Health to 4-year terms:
                                        Carole Ann Hays, Chair (chosen by Board in June, 1-year term), 2018
                                        Spencer L. Gear, 2017 James P. Gleason, Jr., Esq., 2019 Jessica R. Contreras, 2020 Ann A. Patterson, 2020 Marianne Myrtue, 2024 Wrenn M. Skidmore, 2024.

                                      PATIENT SERVICES
                                      Olga M. Rossello, Clinical Director (410) 970-7006
                                      e-mail: [email protected]

                                        FORENSIC SERVICES
                                        Tyler C. Hightower, M.D., Director (410) 970-7100 e-mail: [email protected]

                                      MEDICAL RECORDS
                                      Denise L. Maskell, Director (410) 970-7110 e-mail: [email protected]

                                      MEDICAL SERVICES
                                      Vacancy, Director (410) 970-7120

                                      Gloria E. Merek, R.N., Director (410) 970-7167 e-mail: [email protected]

                                      PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT
                                      Iris I. Mielke, Deputy Director (410) 970-7040 e-mail: [email protected]

                                      Bethany A. DiPaula, Pharm.D., Director (410) 970-7135 e-mail: [email protected]

                                      PSYCHIATRIC SERVICES
                                      Jo A. Hall, M.D., Acting Director (410) 970-7275 e-mail: [email protected]

                                      Robert A. Levin, Ph.D., Director (410) 970-7140 e-mail: [email protected]

                                      Vacancy, Director (410) 970-7180

                                      SUPPORT SERVICES
                                      Vinson McKennie, Chief Operations Officer (410) 970-7010
                                      e-mail: [email protected]

                                        Vacancy, Chief Financial Officer (410) 970-7016

                                      Watch the video: Worker Assaulted At Spring Grove Hospital Center, Union Says (January 2022).