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Circa 1940, what was the oil production of each nation?


I'm looking for a source that lists all crude oil production by each nation, as it was in 1940. The reason is to understand geopolitics of the time, especially the oil security (or lack thereof) of each nation participating in WW2.

So far I've only found the US at 4 million barrels per day according to this graph.


Here is a link with annual oil production in metric tons (Mt), 1936-1948.

The US is by far and away the world's largest oil producer (over 180 million MT in 1940), followed by the Venezuela and the Soviet Union (30 and 27 million MT respectively). The next tier includes Indonesia and Iran (about 8 million MT each), trailed by Mexico and Romania (6 million MT each). Germany got most of her oil from Romania, and could certainly have used Soviet or Iranian oil. In Asia, the East Indies (modern Indonesia) was the big prize.


Thanks to user:pugsville for pointing out the League of Nations reports. I chose one with a 1940 column, even though some spaces were not filled in due to war. But as it turns out, all nations producing more than a million tons of oil have a 1940 number.

http://digital.library.northwestern.edu/league/le0280ah.pdf

(Mt means millions of metric tons of crude oil produced for the whole year)

USA 182.657 Mt USSR 29.700 Mt Venezuela 27.443 Mt Iran 10.426 Mt Indonesia 7.939 Mt Mexico 6.721 Mt Romania 5.764 Mt Columbia 3.636 Mt Iraq 3.438 Mt Argentina 2.871 Mt Trinidad 2.844 Mt Peru 1.776 Mt Burma 1.088 Mt Canada 1.082 Mt Egypt 0.929 Mt

There are more, but I didn't bother including nations that produced less than a million metric tons of crude oil in one year (except Egypt because it was pretty close).

Interestingly, Saudi Arabia is not on the list! Apparently they had not yet found oil there. Iran and Iraq are on the list, though.


Oil Crops Yearbook Data provides key data on U.S. and world oilseed acreage, supply, demand, and prices. It includes data on U.S. soybeans, cottonseed, peanuts, sunflower seed, other special oilseeds, tropical oils, corn oil, and animal fats, as well as extensive time series data sets on U.S. oilseeds markets.

Season-Average Price Forecasts provides three Excel spreadsheet models that use futures prices to forecast the U.S. season-average price and counter-cyclical payment rate for corn, soybeans, and wheat. Users can view the model forecasts or create their own forecasts by inserting different values for futures prices, basis values, or marketing weights.

Soybean Costs and Returns provides data and analyses for regional and national categories back to 1975.

Foreign Agricultural Trade of the United States (FATUS) provides summaries of recent U.S. agricultural exports and imports, volume and value by country, commodity, and calendar year, fiscal year, and month. Some tables are updated monthly, while others are updated annually.

Food Consumption (Per Capita) Data System provides estimates availability for several hundred foods available for human consumption, including added fats and oils, as well as peanuts and tree nuts.

Global Agricultural Trade System (GATS) contains detailed agricultural trade data between the United States and its trading partners. Standard BICO reports are available for general information, and detailed queries can be performed by product group or HS code. Searches can be saved and results sent by email on a recurring basis.

Production, Supply, and Distribution (PS&D) contains official USDA data on production, supply, and distribution of agricultural commodities for the United States and major importing and exporting countries. The database provides projections for the coming year and historical data on major crop, livestock, fishery, and forest commodities from more than 200 countries.

Quick Stats: Agricultural Statistics Database offers U.S., State, and County-level agricultural statistics for many commodities and data series. Quick Stats offers the ability to query by commodity, State, and year. The data set can be downloaded for easy use in a database or spreadsheet.


Mapped: The World’s Biggest Oil Discoveries Since 1868

Oil and gas discoveries excite markets and nations with the prospect of profits, tax revenues, and jobs. However, geological processes did not distribute them equally throughout the Earth’s crust and their mere presence does not guarantee a windfall for whatever nation under which they lie.

Entire economies and nations have been built on the discovery and exploitation of oil and gas, while some nations have misused this wealth─or projected growth just never materialized.

Today’s chart comes to us from research compiled by World Bank economist Jim Cust and Natural Resource Governance Institute economist David Mihalyi and it plots major oil discoveries since 1868.


Introduction

Oil and natural gas are major industries in the energy market and play an influential role in the global economy as the world's primary fuel sources. The processes and systems involved in producing and distributing oil and gas are highly complex, capital-intensive, and require state-of-the-art technology.

This guide looks at the business of oil and gas and is intended to serve as a research aid to sources worldwide, with a specific emphasis on the United States. It covers a brief history of the oil and gas industry, an overview of companies and organizations, statistic and pricing resources, and regulations. The industry is often divided into three segments:

  • upstream, the business of oil and gas exploration and production
  • midstream, transportation and storage and
  • downstream, which includes refining and marketing.

These three areas are reflected in the organization of the guide. Renewable and alternative energy companies are discussed in our Green Business: Sources of Information Guide.


Definition of the Agent's Jurisdiction: Whom to Include?

For years little guidance was given to help the agent determine whom to include. In 1909, he was asked to show how many resided on the reservation and how many allotted Indians were living on their allotments. That information was not included on the census roll itself, but as part of the annual report. He was urged to take pains to make the numbers accurate.

It wasn't until 1919 that any clarifying instructions about whom to include were added. The Commissioner directed superintendents and agents in Circular 1538, "In enumerating Indians who are not attached to your jurisdiction, they should be classified by tribal affiliations, in which case they should be designated by approximate blood relationship." He was referring to people living in the jurisdiction, but not from that reservation or tribe, rather than people not present and living off reservation. If they were listed with a family, the agent should tell what family relationship they bore to an enrolled person, and what tribe or jurisdiction to which they actually belonged. The Commissioner pointed out that both parents might not be members of the same tribe, for example, one might be Pima and one might be Hopi. The parents had the right to determine with which tribe the children should be identified, and agents were instructed to show the parents' selection as the first one, with a hyphen and the second tribe, as in Pima-Hopi. Very likely the only thing new by 1919 was to be sure to indicate the formal tribal affiliation of all. Formerly it might simply have been assumed from the census that the grandmother living with the family was actually a member of that tribe and reservation. Or she might not have been listed, because she really did belong with another tribe. Or if more than one tribe resided within a jurisdiction, the distinction might not have been made. In urging accuracy, the Commissioner said in 1921, "It does not seem to be generally appreciated that the census rolls are often the basis of the property rights of the Indian enrolled. An allotting agent looks to the census roll to determine who are entitled to allotments. An examiner of inheritances secures much of his information . from the census rolls." (Circular 1671). But in many ways it was still the decision of the Superintendent or Agent as to whether someone should be included in the census.


Prospecting and exploration

Drake’s original well was drilled close to a known surface seepage of crude oil. For years such seepages were the only reliable indicators of the presence of underground oil and gas. However, as demand grew, new methods were devised for evaluating the potential of underground rock formations. Today, exploring for oil requires integration of information collected from seismic surveys, geologic framing, geochemistry, petrophysics, geographic information systems (GIS) data gathering, geostatistics, drilling, reservoir engineering, and other surface and subsurface investigative techniques. Geophysical exploration including seismic analysis is the primary method of exploring for petroleum. Gravity and magnetic field methods are also historically reliable evaluation methods carrying over into more complex and challenging exploration environments, such as sub-salt structures and deep water. Beginning with GIS, gravity, magnetic, and seismic surveys allow geoscientists to efficiently focus the search for target assets to explore, thus lowering the risks associated with exploration drilling.

There are three major types of exploration methods: (1) surface methods, such as geologic feature mapping, enabled by GIS, (2) area surveys of gravity and magnetic fields, and (3) seismographic methods. These methods indicate the presence or absence of subsurface features that are favourable for petroleum accumulations. There is still no way to predict the presence of productive underground oil deposits with 100 percent accuracy.


Vehicle Production Records

The production records in our collection give production details for individual vehicles. They can be used as proof of a vehicle’s authenticity and also as a source of information to trace the history of a vehicle to learn exactly when and where that vehicle was produced, what the original color and trim were, and more. Production records are arranged by vehicle number.

Which models have production information available?

In the summer of 1970, a museum fire destroyed many Ford Motor Company production records. The table below indicates which records still exist.

If you do not see the make, model, serial number, or year your vehicle was made in the list below, we do not have production information for your vehicle.

We do not have production information for Ford Mustangs.

Please keep in mind that not all of the runs listed below are complete.

PRODUCTION CARDS

Model Years Covered

ID or SERIAL no.

H 86200 to H 136254
H 136255 to H 182129

LINCOLN LEDGERS

Ledger #0 Leland Ownership

Ledgers #1-10 (repeats Leland and continues on with Ford)

Some parts change notes, 1928 show motor numbers

circa model H1 to H136254

Model L 66001 to 72041
And K, KA, KB

Shipping Dates Model L
Shipping Dates Model KA

Shipping Dates Model KB
Shipping Dates Model K

What production information will I find?

The information that is found in the production records varies depending on the type and time period of the vehicle. However, records may include the serial and model type/number, assembly date, color and trim information, ship date and accessories.

Details on the shipment of a vehicle to a branch or dealer are sometimes noted on a record.

We typically do not have information on the original or subsequent owners of the vehicles.

How are the production records stored?

The Model T records are stored on microfilm.

The other production records can be found on the original cards, order sheets, or ledgers.

How can I order production card information?

Complete and return the Production Record Order Form along with payment, $35.00 per vehicle.

Provide your serial number, make, model and body type (for Lincolns), and contact information.

Note how you would like the material delivered.

Payment may be made either by check payable to “The Henry Ford” or by credit card.

Benson Ford Research Center
The Henry Ford
20900 Oakwood Blvd
Dearborn, MI 48121-1970
Phone: 313-982-6020
Fax: 313-982-6244
Email: [email protected]

How will I receive the production information?

You will receive either a photocopy or scan of the original card or information transcribed from the original ledgers onto prepared forms.

For Model T records, which are available only on microfilm, you will receive the best possible copies made from the microfilm printer as well as a transcribed version of the card.

What other information is available?

Although we do not have production records for the Ford Model A or V8, we do have engine ledgers that show when an engine number was produced. The ledgers do not include information on when the engine was put together with the vehicle.

We also have a database with shipping dates for early Ford models (1904-1910), which includes the model number and information on where the vehicle was sold.

Where can I go for more information?

Ford Model T engine production dates are available on the website of the Model T Ford Club of America’s http://www.mtfca.com/encyclo/sernos.htm and also in the book Model T Ford: The Car That Changed the World by Bruce McCalley (Iola, WI: Krause Publications, c1994).

Ford Model A engine production dates (month and year) are available in the book The Ford Model "A": "As Henry Built It": A Color, Upholstery and Production Facts Book by George DeAngelis (South Lyon, Mich.: Motor Cities Pub. Co., 1991.).

Ford V8 and Model B engine production dates through 1938 (month and year) are available in the book The Early Ford V-8 as Henry Built It: A Production Facts Book 1932-38 by Edward P. Francis (South Lyon, Mich.: Motor Cities Pub. Co., c1982.).

The following books from the Car & Parts Magazine Matching Numbers Series can help you decode VIN numbers:


Access to the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on energy supply, demand, prices and GHG emissions (186 countries).

10Jun

South Korea’s greenhouse gas emissions declined by 7.3% in 2020

South Korea’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 7.3% in 2020 to 649 MtCO2eq (i.e. -10.9% compared with the 2018 peak of 729 MtCO2eq). GHG emissions have been driven down by South Korea's energy and industrial sectors (-7.8% and -7.1%, respectively). In the power sector, total emissions decreased by 12.4% due to temporary shutdowns of coal-fired power plants resulting in lower coal-fired power generation and due to an increased renewable power generation. Emissions from the transport sector (included in the energy sector) contracted by 4.1%, owing to reduced travel (COVID-19-related restrictions) and the continuous deployment of low-emission vehicles. Residential emissions grew by only 0.3%, while emissions from business and public sectors fell by 9.9%. In the industrial sector (-7.1%), the reduced activity affected the energy-intensive branches such as chemicals (7.6% drop in GHG emissions), steel (-2.5%) and cement (-8.9%).

Due to the drop in emissions, the South Korean emission trading scheme (ETS) is over-supplied, and the authorities set a temporary price floor for allowances, as the price fell below the government's minimum threshold. However, the average price for allowances increased from KRW29,500/tCO2 (US$25.2/tCO2) in 2019 to KRW30,200/tCO2 (US$25.4/tCO2) in 2020.

01Jun

Australian GHG emissions decreased by 5% in 2020

Australia's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions dipped by 5% in 2020 (-26.1 MtCO2eq) to 499 MtCO2eq, according to the Australian Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources. GHG emissions from the power sector declined by 4.9% but still accounted for a third of total GHG emissions in Australia. In addition, fugitive emissions (10% of total GHG emissions in 2020) declined by 8.8%, partly due to a lower coal production, and emissions from transport (18% of total GHG emissions in 2020) contracted by 12.1%, because of COVID-19 restrictions. In 2020, Australia's GHG emissions stood 20.1% below their 2005 level (the baseline year for the Paris Agreement). The country has committed to reduce its emissions by 26-28% by 2030 from 2005 levels.

01Jun

Renewables accounted for 11% of Dutch final energy consumption in 2020

The share of renewables in the Dutch gross final energy consumption rose from 8.8% in 2019 to 11.1% in 2020, according to Statistics Netherlands (CBS). Most of the renewable consumption was biomass (6% of final energy consumption), followed by wind (2.5%), solar (1.5%) and others (1%).

10May

EU energy-related CO2 emissions decreased by 10% in 2020

Energy-related CO2 emissions in the European Union contracted by 10% in 2020, as a result of COVID-19 containment measures that had a significant impact on transport and industrial activities. CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion decreased in all countries, with the largest contractions in Greece (-19%), Estonia, Luxembourg (-18% each), Spain (-16%) and Denmark (-15%). They fell by around 9% in Germany (25% of EU's total energy-related CO2 emissions), and by around 11% in Italy (12% of total emissions) and France (11% of total emissions). Emissions cuts were limited in Malta (-1%), Hungary (-1.7%), Ireland and Lithuania (both -2.6%).


Nigeria

The most populous country within OPEC, Nigeria has around 208 million inhabitants. Located on the Gulf of Guinea on Africa’s western coast, Nigeria covers an area of around 924 thousand square kilometres. Abuja, the capital since 1991, has a population of more than one million. English is Nigeria’s official language, although many local languages such as Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo and Ijaw are also spoken.

Apart from petroleum, Nigeria’s other natural resources include natural gas, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc and arable land. The oil and gas sector accounts for about 10 per cent of gross domestic product, and petroleum exports revenue represents around 86 per cent of total exports revenue. Its currency is the naira.

Nigeria’s Head of State and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces is HE Muhammadu Buhari. The country joined OPEC in 1971.


Circa 1940, what was the oil production of each nation? - History

In war, soldiers fight on the "frontlines." During World War II, everyone in the U.S. was urged to fight on the "Home Front." The nation was called to war, and Americans responded. In that process, the government enlisted catch phrases that were used in the 1930s.

"Use it up, wear it out, make it do, or do without."

"If you don't need it, don't buy it."

  • American farm families sent more than 1.8 million young men and women into the armed forces. At a time when the nation faced an unprecedented demand for food, farmers faced a shortage of farm workers, gas, and new farm equipment and parts. Despite the shortage of labor, more production was expected. Each day, eight million soldiers had to be fed in the U.S. military alone, as well as millions of civilians in Great Britain and Russia.
  • The war affected food at home. The government rationed supplies of staples such as sugar, coffee, meat, fish, butter, eggs and cheese. Homemakers were challenged to fix nutritious meals on a budget with restricted supplies. Planting a Victory Garden was seen as patriotic.
  • The war affected what people wore. Women's stockings were hard to find because silk was used for parachutes. Women working in factories found that wearing slacks and overalls was much more comfortable and practical. When they wore skirts, wrap-around designs were popular because zippers and metal snaps were in short supply. Shoes were rationed, so most people wore long-lasting loafers.
  • The war affected where many worked. Soon after Pearl Harbor, new plants to make bombs, tanks or other materiel were built in rural areas across the nation. Rural residents found new jobs off the farm. New military training bases were built far from the coasts where they might be less vulnerable to attack, sabotage or spying.
  • The war, obviously, affected who lived and died, who married whom, and where people lived. Many men and women married quickly in the early years of the war. Other couples waited. Some soldiers got "Dear John" letters when the woman couldn't wait any longer. Many Nebraska families made the ultimate sacrifice when their sons, brothers, fathers and husbands were killed during World War II. Others found their loved ones had been forever changed by what they had endured.

In ways both large and small, historic events halfway around the globe affected the everyday lives of individuals. As Kelly Holthus remembers it, "Everything was to do with the war. Our whole life changed completely."

Former U.S. Poet Laureate Ted Kooser remembers listening to war news on the radio at the knees of his grandmother. In this poem entitled "Zenith," Kooser conjures up the way that he and his sister felt like they were part of the war effort – [we] "sat there at the rear of the action, a patrol / in the weak yellow glow from the war."

Written by Claudia Reinhardt and Bill Ganzel, the Ganzel Group. A partial bibliography of sources is here.


Watch the video: για την Αμυντική Συμφωνία και την ανεπάρκεια των πολιτικών 06102021 (January 2022).