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Emancipation Proclamation - Definition, Dates and Summary


On September 22, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which declared that as of January 1, 1863, all enslaved people in the states currently engaged in rebellion against the Union “shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.”

Lincoln didn’t actually free any of the approximately 4 million men, women and children held in slavery in the United States when he signed the formal Emancipation Proclamation the following January. The document applied only to enslaved people in the Confederacy, and not to those in the border states that remained loyal to the Union.

But although it was presented chiefly as a military measure, the proclamation marked a crucial shift in Lincoln’s views on slavery. Emancipation would redefine the Civil War, turning it from a struggle to preserve the Union to one focused on ending slavery, and set a decisive course for how the nation would be reshaped after that historic conflict.

READ MORE: Slavery in America










Lincoln’s Developing Views on Slavery

Sectional tensions over slavery in the United States had been building for decades by 1854, when Congress’ passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act opened territory that had previously been closed to slavery according to the Missouri Compromise. Opposition to the act led to the formation of the Republican Party in 1854 and revived the failing political career of an Illinois lawyer named Abraham Lincoln, who rose from obscurity to national prominence and claimed the Republican nomination for president in 1860.

Lincoln personally hated slavery, and considered it immoral. "If the negro is a man, why then my ancient faith teaches me that 'all men are created equal;' and that there can be no moral right in connection with one man's making a slave of another," he said in a now-famous speech in Peoria, Illinois, in 1854. But Lincoln didn’t believe the Constitution gave the federal government the power to abolish it in the states where it already existed, only to prevent its establishment to new western territories that would eventually become states. In his first inaugural address in early 1861, he declared that he had “no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with slavery in the States where it exists.” By that time, however, seven Southern states had already seceded from the Union, forming the Confederate States of America and setting the stage for the Civil War.

READ MORE: 5 Things You May Not Know About Abraham Lincoln, Slavery and Emancipation

First Years of the Civil War

At the outset of that conflict, Lincoln insisted that the war was not about freeing enslaved people in the South but about preserving the Union. Four border slave states (Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri) remained on the Union side, and many others in the North also opposed abolition. When one of his generals, John C. Frémont, put Missouri under martial law, declaring that Confederate sympathizers would have their property seized, and their enslaved people would be freed (the first emancipation proclamation of the war), Lincoln directed him to reverse that policy, and later removed him from command.

But hundreds of enslaved men, women and children were fleeing to Union-controlled areas in the South, such as Fortress Monroe in Virginia, where Gen. Benjamin F. Butler had declared them “contraband” of war, defying the Fugitive Slave Law mandating their return to their owners. Abolitionists argued that freeing enslaved people in the South would help the Union win the war, as enslaved labor was vital to the Confederate war effort.

In July 1862, Congress passed the Militia Act, which allowed Black men to serve in the U.S. armed forces as laborers, and the Confiscation Act, which mandated that enslaved people seized from Confederate supporters would be declared forever free. Lincoln also tried to get the border states to agree to gradual emancipation, including compensation to enslavers, with little success. When abolitionists criticized him for not coming out with a stronger emancipation policy, Lincoln replied that he valued saving the Union over all else.

“My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union and is not either to save or to destroy slavery,” he wrote in an editorial published in the Daily National Intelligencer in August 1862. “If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it, and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would also do that.”

From Preliminary to Formal Emancipation Proclamation

At the same time however, Lincoln’s cabinet was mulling over the document that would become the Emancipation Proclamation. Lincoln had written a draft in late July, and while some of his advisers supported it, others were anxious. William H. Seward, Lincoln’s secretary of state, urged the president to wait to announce emancipation until the Union won a significant victory on the battlefield, and Lincoln took his advice.

On September 17, 1862, Union troops halted the advance of Confederate forces led by Gen. Robert E. Lee near Sharpsburg, Maryland, in the Battle of Antietam. Days later, Lincoln went public with the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which called on all Confederate states to rejoin the Union within 100 days—by January 1, 1863—or their slaves would be declared “thenceforward, and forever free.”

On January 1, Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, which included nothing about gradual emancipation, compensation for enslavers or Black emigration and colonization, a policy Lincoln had supported in the past. Lincoln justified emancipation as a wartime measure, and was careful to apply it only to the Confederate states currently in rebellion. Exempt from the proclamation were the four border slave states and all or parts of three Confederate states controlled by the Union Army.

Impact of the Emancipation Proclamation

As Lincoln’s decree applied only to territory outside the realm of his control, the Emancipation Proclamation had little actual effect on freeing any of the nation’s enslaved people. But its symbolic power was enormous, as it announced freedom for enslaved people as one of the North’s war aims, alongside preserving the Union itself. It also had practical effects: Nations like Britain and France, which had previously considered supporting the Confederacy to expand their power and influence, backed off due to their steadfast opposition to slavery. Black Americans were permitted to serve in the Union Army for the first time, and nearly 200,000 would do so by the end of the war.

Finally, the Emancipation Proclamation paved the way for the permanent abolition of slavery in the United States. As Lincoln and his allies in Congress realized emancipation would have no constitutional basis after the war ended, they soon began working to enact a Constitutional amendment abolishing slavery. By the end of January 1865, both houses of Congress had passed the 13th Amendment, and it was ratified that December.

"It is my greatest and most enduring contribution to the history of the war,” Lincoln said of emancipation in February 1865, two months before his assassination. “It is, in fact, the central act of my administration, and the great event of the 19th century."

READ MORE: How the Black Codes Limited African American Progress After the Civil War

Sources

The Emancipation Proclamation, National Archives

10 Facts: The Emancipation Proclamation, American Battlefield Trust

Eric Foner, The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery (New York: W.W. Norton, 2010)

Allen C. Guelzo, “Emancipation and the Quest for Freedom.” National Park Service.


Emancipation Proclamation - Definition, Dates and Summary - HISTORY

In September of 1862, after the Union's victory at Antietam, Lincoln issued a preliminary decree stating that, unless the rebellious states returned to the Union by January 1, freedom would be granted to slaves within those states. The decree also left room for a plan of compensated emancipation. No Confederate states took the offer, and on January 1 Lincoln presented the Emancipation Proclamation. The proclamation declared, "all persons held as slaves within any States, or designated part of the State, the people whereof shall be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free."

The Emancipation Proclamation did not free all slaves in the United States. Rather, it declared free only those slaves living in states not under Union control. William Seward, Lincoln's secretary of state, commented, "We show our symapthy with slavery by emancipating slaves where we cannot reach them and holding them in bondage where we can set them free." Lincoln was fully aware of the irony, but he did not want to antagonize the slave states loyal to the Union by setting their slaves free.

The proclamation allowed black soldiers to fight for the Union -- soldiers that were desperately needed. It also tied the issue of slavery directly to the war.


34a. The Emancipation Proclamation

Americans tend to think of the Civil War as being fought to end slavery. Even one full year into the Civil War, the elimination of slavery was not a key objective of the North. Despite a vocal Abolitionist movement in the North, many people and many soldiers, in particular, opposed slavery, but did not favor emancipation. They expected slavery to die on its own over time.

Click here for the full text of the Emancipation Proclamation

Reading the Emancipation Proclamation
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African Americans across the nation celebrated the Emancipation Proclamation. This image shows a Union soldier reading the Proclamation to a slave household.

By mid-1862 Lincoln had come to believe in the need to end slavery. Besides his disdain for the institution, he simply felt that the South could not come back into the Union after trying to destroy it. The opposition Democratic Party threatened to turn itself into an antiwar party. Lincoln's military commander, General George McClellan, was vehemently against emancipation. Many Republicans who backed policies that forbid black settlement in their states were against granting blacks additional rights. When Lincoln indicated he wanted to issue a proclamation of freedom to his cabinet in mid-1862, they convinced him he had to wait until the Union achieved a significant military success.


Slaves in the border states that remained in the Union, shown in dark brown, were excluded from the Emancipation Proclamation, as were slaves in the Confederate areas already held by Union forces (shown in yellow).


David Blythe imagined a scene like this when he painted President Lincoln Writing the Proclamation of Freedom, January 1, 1863. Note the symbolism in this print, including the flag, the Bible under Lincoln's hand, the Constitution in his lap, the railsplitter at his feet, and the scales of justice in the corner.

That victory came in September at Antietam. No foreign country wants to ally with a potential losing power. By achieving victory, the Union demonstrated to the British that the South may lose. As a result, the British did not recognize the Confederate States of America, and Antietam became one of the war's most important diplomatic battles, as well as one of the bloodiest. Five days after the battle, Lincoln decided to issue the Emancipation Proclamation, effective January 1, 1863. Unless the Confederate States returned to the Union by that day, he proclaimed their slaves "shall be then, thenceforward and forever free."

It is sometimes said that the Emancipation Proclamation freed no slaves. In a way, this is true. The proclamation would only apply to the Confederate States, as an act to seize enemy resources. By freeing slaves in the Confederacy, Lincoln was actually freeing people he did not directly control. The way he explained the Proclamation made it acceptable to much of the Union army. He emphasized emancipation as a way to shorten the war by taking Southern resources and hence reducing Confederate strength. Even McClellan supported the policy as a soldier. Lincoln made no such offer of freedom to the border states.

The Emancipation Proclamation created a climate where the doom of slavery was seen as one of the major objectives of the war. Overseas, the North now seemed to have the greatest moral cause. Even if a foreign government wanted to intervene on behalf of the South, its population might object. The Proclamation itself freed very few slaves, but it was the death knell for slavery in the United States. Eventually, the Emancipation Proclamation led to the proposal and ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which formally abolished slavery throughout the land.


What is the Emancipation Proclamation?

The purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation was to encourage rebellious states to rejoin the Union.

On September 22, 1862, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. It stated that on January 1, 1863 “all persons held as slaves within any States, or designated part of the State, the people whereof shall be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.” That is, if you are part of the Confederacy, you have until January 1, 1863 to rejoin the Union or your slaves will be set free. No states accepted the offer and on January 1, 1863, all slaves held in the Confederacy were declared free. Slaves who lived in Union states remained slaves.

In short, slaves owned in states that fought with the North remained slaves. Slaves owned in states that fought for the South were freed.

(That’s irony of historic proportions)


Summary of the Emancipation Proclamation

Despite his personal opposition to slavery, when President Abraham Lincoln took office in 1861 he insisted that his constitutional duty was to keep the nation together, not to abolish slavery. He conducted the first year of the war with the goal of reuniting the Union, but wartime events, including heavy military losses and the many slaves who escaped behind Union battle lines, forced him to contend with the issue of slavery. He issued a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862 and the final version on January 1, 1863, fundamentally changing the meaning of the war.

The final Emancipation Proclamation:

Declared "forever free" more than 3.5 million slaves in Confederate areas still in rebellion against the Union

Promised that the federal government and military would "recognize and maintain the freedom" of the freed slaves

Did not free almost half a million slaves in the border states loyal to the Union (Maryland, Missouri, Delaware, Kentucky) and in some other areas under Union control

Asked the newly freed slaves to avoid violence unless in self-defense and recommended that they work for wages

Announced that African-American men could enlist in the Union army and navy

Described these actions as "an act of justice, warranted by the Constitution, upon military necessity"


How to use Emancipation Proclamation in a sentence

However, just as the Declaration of Independence did not free a single American, the Emancipation Proclamation established the basis upon which a war would be fought and freedom won.

Sherman and Stanton asked Frazier what he understood about slavery and Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation .

During the 1960s, civil rights leaders looked to Lincoln as a representative of a promise of the Emancipation Proclamation still unfulfilled a century after the abolition of slavery, when full racial equality had yet to be achieved.

It would be a half-century after Posey’s death before President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation would change that equation for those like him.

But from the anguish of soulless industrial lagers rises the emancipation of artisan brewing.

The Copperheads, a group of Midwestern Democrats, made the accusation—and far worse—against President Lincoln during Emancipation.

The Emancipation Proclamation , as Nancy Pelosi reminds us, was an executive action.

Education for everyone, land sharing, emancipation of women, and equal rights for black Cubans.

Mayor Bill de Blasio sent a proclamation and two commissioners to read it.

Quickly following this the King issued in 1632 another proclamation regulating the retailing of tobacco.

A proclamation was issued by government to establish a manufactory for white paper in England.

I rejoice in being able to say that the general tendency of the speeches was towards universal Emancipation, mental and physical.

The policy thus initiated found final expression in the famous Proclamation of 1763, in the early months of Grenville's ministry.

After the formal proclamation was issued the function terminated with a banquet given to 200 insurgent notabilities.


Transcript of the Proclamation

Whereas, on the twenty-second day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, a proclamation was issued by the President of the United States, containing, among other things, the following, to wit:

"That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free and the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom.

"That the Executive will, on the first day of January aforesaid, by proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any, in which the people thereof, respectively, shall then be in rebellion against the United States and the fact that any State, or the people thereof, shall on that day be, in good faith, represented in the Congress of the United States by members chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such State shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence that such State, and the people thereof, are not then in rebellion against the United States."

Now, therefore I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, by virtue of the power in me vested as Commander-in-Chief, of the Army and Navy of the United States in time of actual armed rebellion against the authority and government of the United States, and as a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion, do, on this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and in accordance with my purpose so to do publicly proclaimed for the full period of one hundred days, from the day first above mentioned, order and designate as the States and parts of States wherein the people thereof respectively, are this day in rebellion against the United States, the following, to wit:

Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, (except the Parishes of St. Bernard, Plaquemines, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. James Ascension, Assumption, Terrebonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans, including the City of New Orleans) Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia, (except the forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkley, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess Ann, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth[)], and which excepted parts, are for the present, left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued.

And by virtue of the power, and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States, and parts of States, are, and henceforward shall be free and that the Executive government of the United States, including the military and naval authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons.

And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free to abstain from all violence, unless in necessary self-defence and I recommend to them that, in all cases when allowed, they labor faithfully for reasonable wages.

And I further declare and make known, that such persons of suitable condition, will be received into the armed service of the United States to garrison forts, positions, stations, and other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service.

And upon this act, sincerely believed to be an act of justice, warranted by the Constitution, upon military necessity, I invoke the considerate judgment of mankind, and the gracious favor of Almighty God.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington, this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty three, and of the Independence of the United States of America the eighty-seventh.

By the President: ABRAHAM LINCOLN
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.

This page was last reviewed on May 5, 2017.
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Emancipation Proclamation - Definition, Dates and Summary - HISTORY

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Emancipation Proclamation Facts

Summary and Definition of the Emancipation Proclamation
Definition and Summary: The Emancipation Proclamation was formally issued as presidential proclamation on January 1, 1863 by President Abraham Lincoln. It was introduced as a war measure during the Civil War freeing the slaves in those territories still in rebellion against the Union (the Confederate States of America). Slavery was eventually banned throughout the United States by the 13th Amendment which was ratified on December 6, 1865.

Emancipation Proclamation Facts for kids
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th American President who served in office from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865. One of the important events during his presidency was the Emancipation Proclamation which led to the 13th Amendment to the Constitution.

Emancipation Proclamation Facts for kids
The picture of the Emancipation Proclamation tells a thousand words. The Emancipation proclamation is surrounded by images relating to slavery and to the lives of slaves.

● The symbol of the United States of America has its wings outstretched as a symbol of protection
● A picture of the man who made the Emancipation proclamation, President Abraham Lincoln, is displayed flanked by the stars and stripes
● The left panel contains pictures of slaves toiling in the fields, watched by an overseer. The central picture depicts the events at a slave auction. The bottom picture shows a fugitive slave, chased by dogs
● The right panel shows life on a plantation. The center panel shows young, Black-American children being taught at school. The bottom picture shows a steamboat representing the ability to travel

Emancipation Proclamation Facts for kids: The Important Words
There are three phrases with in the Emancipation Proclamation that are so important that they are capitalized and in bold lettering. The Emancipation Proclamation at first declares that all persons held in states that are in rebellion against the United States "shall be FOREVER FREE" and repeats the sentiments by saying that ". ALL PERSONS HELD AS SLAVES. SHALL BE FREE!"

Emancipation Proclamation Summary for kids - What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
Summary of the Emancipation Proclamation. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

● The Emancipation Proclamation made freeing the slaves an explicit goal of the Union war effort
● The Emancipation Proclamation proclaimed the freedom of slaves in the states that were still in rebellion
● The Emancipation Proclamation only applied to slaves in lands held by the Confederacy. It did not apply to those in the four slave states that were not in rebellion (Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and Missouri)
● The Emancipation Proclamation proclaimed that people amongst those freed could be enrolled into the paid service of United States' forces
● The Emancipation Proclamation ordered the Union Army (and all the Executive branch of government) to "recognize and maintain the freedom of" the ex-slaves
● The Emancipation Proclamation did not order the compensation of the owners
● The Emancipation Proclamation did not make the ex-slaves citizens.

Emancipation Proclamation Facts for kids: The History of the Emancipation Proclamation
The history of the Emancipation Proclamation will surprise many. The Emancipation Proclamation, was formally issued on January 1, 1863, by President Lincoln. The Proclamation is often mistakenly referred to as the legal instrument that ended slavery - it wasn't. The 13th Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in December 1865, outlawed Slavery. And the Civil War didn't start over the liberation of slaves.

Emancipation Proclamation Facts for kids: The Inauguration of President Lincoln
The reason the Civil War erupted was primarily due States Rights and the debates regarding the extension of slavery. The inauguration of President Abraham Lincoln was on March 4, 1861 and his election had contributed to the Secession of the South . During his first inaugural address the President declared he had "no purpose . to interfere with the institution of slavery in the states where it exists." However, his words did nothing to stop the Southern states forming a separate government and establishing the Confederate States of America.

Emancipation Proclamation Facts for kids: The Civil War Starts
On April 12, 1861, just over a month after the inauguration of President Lincoln , Confederate soldiers under General Pierre Beauregard opened fire on Union troops in an attack on Fort Sumter . This action marked the start of the Civil War.

Emancipation Proclamation Facts: First Steps toward Emancipation - Slavery ended in Washington D.C.
President Abraham Lincoln and the Republican party believed that Congress could not interfere with slavery in the states. But it was lawful to buy slaves and set them free. Or for the government to help the states who wanted to do this. Congress therefore passed a law offering help to any state which wanted to abolish slavery within its borders. Congress took action to abolish slavery in the new territories - but without compensation. Congress did however, completely abolish slavery in the District of Columbia and provision was made to compensate the owners. The District of Columbia Compensated Emancipation Act, was a law that ended slavery in Washington, D.C. by paying slave owners for releasing their slaves. The act was signed into law by President Lincoln on April 16, 1862. This is that date that Emancipation Day is celebrated in Washington D.C.

Emancipation Proclamation Facts for kids: The War Aims Resolution (July 1861)
P resident Lincoln expressed the fear that premature attempts at emancipation would mean the loss of the border states. On July 25, 1861: U.S. Congress passed the War Aims Resolution, also called the Crittenden Resolution, that defined the Union goals in the Civil War. It was written to retain the loyalty of citizens and to reassure the people of the intentions of the government in the slave-holding border states and the Northerners who would fight to save the Union but not to free the slaves. The War Aims resolution declared that the Civil war was being fought to "preserve the Union," not to destroy slavery. The War Aims Resolution implied that war would end when the seceding states returned to the Union, with slavery being intact.

Emancipation Proclamation Facts for kids: The 1862 Militia Act (July 1861)
The Civil War raged on into 1862. The nation witnessed the slaughter of the nation's young men at the Battle of Shiloh on April 6-7, 1862 when the Union lost 13,573 men in just two days. The bloody carnage continued with the Seven Days Battles between June 26 to July 1, 1862 when the Union lost another 15,249 soldiers. The losses were great and the Union army needed more soldiers. On July 17, 1862 Congress passed the Militia Act authorizing Lincoln to use Black-American soldiers - but they are paid only half of what the white soldiers are paid in the Civil War.

Emancipation Proclamation Facts: The Power to Proclaim
According to the Constitution the President of the United States has the power to make executive orders and proclamations. An executive order is aimed at those inside government whilst presidential proclamations are aimed at those outside government. Executive orders and presidential proclamations carry the same force of law but ensure that such measures are implemented extremely quickly. The President was in command - he had the presidential Power to Proclaim.

Emancipation Proclamation Facts: The Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation (September 1862)
President Lincoln was instrumental in making the Militia Act law and by August, 1862, he had decided that to free the slaves in the seceded states would help "to save the Union". Lincoln therefore believed that this was the right action to take as a "war measure". On September 22, 1862, Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation stating that on the first day of the new year he would declare all slaves free in any portion of the United States that were still in rebellion. The reasoning behind the "war measure" was that every Black-American slave taken away from forced labor would weaken the economy of the South and so make the conquest of the Confederacy easier. The text of the Preliminary Emancipation included the following:

". on the first day of January . . . all persons held as slaves within any State, or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free."
President Abraham Lincoln, preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, September 22, 1862

Emancipation Proclamation Facts - Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation (January 1863)
President Abraham Lincoln kept to his word and issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863. By issuing the Emancipation Proclamation the Civil War, that had started to preserve the Union, now became a revolutionary struggle for the abolition of slavery. Please access the following to read the full text:

Emancipation Proclamation Facts for kids - The 13th Amendment
On January 31, 1865 Congress approved the 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution which made slavery, in all its forms, illegal. . The 13th Amendment is about the Abolishment of Slavery and is therefore also called the Slavery Amendment which was referred to in Article 1 and Article 4, (Fugitive Slave Clause) of the Constitution. The Thirteenth Amendment was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865 and ratified on December 6, 1865.

10 Facts about the Emancipation Proclamation
The following fact sheet provides 10 interesting facts about the Emancipation Proclamation.

Civil War for Kids: Emancipation Proclamation Fact Sheet

10 Facts for Kids: Facts and Information

Emancipation Proclamation Fact 1: President Lincoln presented the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation to his cabinet in July 1862, when the Militia Act was passed, but he decided to wait for a Union military victory before he issued it as a Proclamation.

Emancipation Procl amation Fact 2 : The Preliminary Proclamation was issued on September 22, 1862, following the Union victory at the Battle of Antietam on Wednesday, September 17, 1862

Emancipation Proclamation Fact 3 : The Emancipation Proclamation was issued on Thursday January 1, 1863.

Emancipation Proclamation Fact 4 : The transmission of the text of the Emancipation Proclamation began over the telegraph wires at 8 p.m. on January 1,1863

Emancipation Proclamation Fact 5 : Widespread celebrations took place when the Emancipation Proclamation was signed by the President

Emancipation Proclamation Fact 6 : Not everyone was happy with the Emancipation Proclamation - Some Abolitionists were disappointed at its limitations and that the proclamation was only given on account of military necessity

Emancipation Proclamation Fact 7 : A great celebration was held at the Music Hall in Boston. Among those present to celebrate the Emancipation Proclamation were Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Oliver Wendell Holmes and Harriet Beecher Stowe

Emancipation Proclamation Fact 8 : In the Proclamation President Lincoln called emancipation "an act of justice"

Emancipation Proclamation Fact 9 : Many people, in different countries, celebrate Emancipation Day. April 16 is designated as the observance of this holiday in Washington, D.C. - the date the District of Columbia Compensated Emancipation Act was signed into law.

Facts and Information : Emancipation Proclamation Fact Sheet

Civil War for Kids: Emancipation Proclamation Fact Sheet

Black History for kids: Important People and Events
For visitors interested in African American History refer to Black History - People and Events. A useful resource for teachers, kids, schools and colleges undertaking projects for the Black History Month.

Emancipation Proclamation Facts - President Abraham Lincoln Video
The article on the Emancipation Proclamation Facts provides an overview of one of the Important issues of his presidential term in office. The following Abraham Lincoln video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 16th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865.

Emancipation Proclamation Facts

● Interesting Facts about Emancipation Proclamation Facts for kids
● Definition of the Emancipation Proclamation Facts in US history
● The Emancipation Proclamation Facts, a Important event in US history
● Summary of the Emancipation Proclamation
● Fast Emancipation Proclamation Facts about Important events in his presidency
● Foreign & Domestic policies of President Abraham Lincoln
● Abraham Lincoln Presidency and Emancipation Proclamation Facts for schools, homework, kids and children

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