Information

8 August 1944


8 August 1944

August

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Western Front

Canadian First Army advances towards Falaise

Eastern Front

Soviet troops take Krustpils

China

Japanese troops occupy Hengyang

Germany

Eight German officers hang because of their roles in the bomb plot



Losses of the Polish 24th Lancers on 8 August 1944 SE of Saint-Aignan-de-Cramesnil?

Post by Juha » 07 Jan 2019, 19:39

Hubert Meyer in his The 12th SS. The History of the Hitler Youth Panzer Division: Volume Two writes that 24th Lancers lost 14 tanks without giving source, on the other hand viewtopic.php?p=928313#p928313 #54 Post by Cyprek » 19 Jul 2006, 17:30 says that 24th [Lancers] lost 6 Shermans. According to him his figures came from Polish sources.

So who is right, any first-hand sources for H. Meyer's 14 tank?

Re: Losses of the Polish 24th Lancers on 8 August 1944 SE of Saint-Aignan-de-Cramesnil?

Post by Tom from Cornwall » 07 Jan 2019, 21:36

Thanks for the link to the old post. Interesting stuff - it would be really interesting to read the Polish war diaries for the 8 August 1944.

It looks like only a trip to the Sikorski Institute and a crash course in military Polish will help!

Re: Losses of the Polish 24th Lancers on 8 August 1944 SE of Saint-Aignan-de-Cramesnil?

Post by MarkN » 08 Jan 2019, 01:45

There was clearly some confusion about the number of losses suffered by the Polish. But thought you may like this.

Tank casualty report sent on the morning of 09 August 1944. Presumably referring to previous day(s)'s effort.

2 x Stuart
26 x Sherman
6 x Cromwell

This is for the division as a whole, not 24th Lancers alone. Please also note it is a "casualty" report NOT a "destroyed tank" report. The cause of the casualty could be anything from e.g. a faulty starter motor needing replacement (ie tank won't start) to a complete write-off due to battle damage.

It also appears that they couldn't make up their mind whether it was Tigers of Panthers. When first spotted, they called Tiger. As they engaged, they called Panther. When it was over, they claimed it was both.


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On This Day in History, 8 август

The pro-democracy uprising began as a student protest in Burma’s capital city, Yangon. Hundreds and thousands protesters came out on the streets to protest against the one-party rule by General Ne Win. The protests lasted for over a month and were violently put down by the government. They ended after the State Peace and Development Council, a group of senior military officers took over the government in a coup and installed a military junta. The uprisings get their name from the date the protests began - August 8, 1988.

1974 Nixon Announces His Resignation

The 37th President of the United States, Richard Nixon’s resignation came as a response to the Watergate Scandal. The scandal erupted after it was revealed that the Nixon government was involved in the cover-up of a break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Complex. The revelations prompted the Congress to initiate impeachment proceedings against Nixon. His resignation made him the first president in American history to resign while in office.

1969 Photographer Iain Macmillan Takes an Iconic Photograph of the Beatles

One of the most recognizable images of the 20th century, the photograph was taken in the middle of Abbey Road in London and showed all the members of the popular rock band, The Beatles crossing the road on a zebra crossing. The photograph was used as a cover for their 11th album, Abbey Road.

1967 ASEAN is Founded

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is an economic and political organization which was formed after the heads of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand signed the Bangkok Declaration. The purpose of the organization is to promote regional peace and stability and encourage economic development in the region. Today, ASEAN has 10 member states.

1908 Wright Brothers Publicly Show Off Their Flying Machine For the First Time

The human air flight pioneers displayed their flying machine and its capabilities at a racecourse at Le Mans, France, 5 years after they made their first successful flight in 1903. The flight piloted by Wilbur lasted only 1 minute and 45 seconds captured the imagination of their audiences, and silenced their critics and doubters.


Operation ATLANTIC, 18 July 1944

Operation ATLANTIC was the code name given to the Canadian portion of Operation GOODWOOD. Operation GOODWOOD was the first British and Canadian operation to dislodge the Germans on the high ground south of the Orne River. The aim of Operation ATLANTIC was to have the 2nd Canadian Corps capture Faubourg de Vaucelles. The 3rd Canadian Division advanced from the east while the 2nd Canadian Division advanced from the west, eventually meeting and pushing forward towards Verrières Ridge. All along the top of the ridge were fortified villages and German reinforcements. Although the Canadian units involved suffered heavy casualties, they eventually pushed the Germans back and gained a foothold on Bourguébus Ridge.


Wheels West Day in Susanville History – August 8th, 1944

Early Monday morning, fire was discovered in the kitchen of the Study club by passersby and spread with great rapidity.

The Fruit Grower Supply Company fire department, with 50 men using seven streams of water, was supplemented by trucks and men from the Red River Lumber Company and the State division of forestry. The blaze was “brought to the ground” at 4 a.m.

The fire which blazed with such fury, threw shingles as fr as the Lincoln School building on Main Street, over half a mile from the scene of the conflagration.

According to T. K. Oliver, the estimated loss on the building is approximately $3,000, which does not include $2500 worth of bar equipment, soft drinks, beer and tobacco owned by Stanley Arnold, lessee of the club room, and the loss of the kitchen which had been operated since 1925 by Mrs. Oscar Lindquist.

Another loss incurred by the fire was a drum and trap-set owned by Thomas Bennett, well-known local musician, who had played at a dance at the club Saturday night preceding the fire.

The club room, and the kitchen which fed 40 men, were only two of the many rooms in this recreation center, which included the popular roller skating rink, dance hall, ladies club room, CIO headquarters and library.

The Story Club was built by the Fruit Growers Supply Company in April 1922, and several local residents who attended the 1922 opening of the club, danced there on Saturday night, August 12, the night before it was destroyed by fire. No plans have been made for rebuilding of the Story Club, which was covered by insurance.


8 August 1944 - History

CAMPAIGN SUMMARIES OF WORLD WAR 2

SOUTH OF FRANCE and LANDINGS, Operation DRAGOON

HMS Delhi, light cruiser in 1942 (Navy Photos, click to enlarge)

Each Summary is complete in its own right. The same information may therefore be found in a number of related summaries

(for more ship information, go to Naval History Homepage and type name in Site Search)

1939

SEPTEMBER 1939

France declared war on Germany

1940

JUNE 1940

France surrendered to Germany and Italy - The Franco-German surrender document was signed. Its provisions included German occupation of the Channel and Biscay coasts and demilitarisation of the French fleet under Axis control. The south east of France remained French under pro-German Vichy control.

Vichy France - Three French cruisers sailed from Toulon and, on the 11th, passed through the Strait of Gibraltar bound for French West Africa. All but one of the cruisers arrived at Dakar just as Operation 'Menace' was about to get underway. This was the unsuccessful Anglo-Free French attempt to occupy this strategic port.

NOVEMBER 1942

8th - French North African Landings: Operation 'Torch'

Southern France - Hitler ordered German troops into unoccupied Vichy France on the 11th. On the 27th, SS units tried to capture the French fleet at Toulon. They were too late to stop the scuttling of three battleships, seven cruisers, 30 destroyers, 16 submarines and many other smaller vessels.

21st - Submarine "Sahib" on patrol off western Corsica, the French island north of Sardinia, sank German "U-301".

21st - British submarine "Sickle" on patrol south of Toulon, southern France torpedoed German "U-303".

30th - Submarine "Ultimatum" on patrol off Toulon sank "U-431"

Merchant Shipping War - U-boats had only managed to sink 10 merchantmen in the Mediterranean in the first five months of 1944. In return 15 had been lost, including three in USAAF raids on Toulon, southern France - two in March and one in April.

JUNE 1944

Normandy Invasion 6th June, Operation 'Overlord'

AUGUST 1944

15th - South of France Landings: Operation 'Dragoon'

Originally code-named 'Anvil', the South of France invasion was planned to coincide with the Normandy landings. Since that decision was made, Britain pushed for the Allies to concentrate on the Italian campaign, but under US pressure agreed to go ahead with the now re-named Operation 'Dragoon' using forces withdrawn from US Fifth Army in Italy. No major British units were involved and for the first time in the Mediterranean the Royal Navy was in the minority in both ships and commanders. However, Adm Sir John Cunningham remained Naval C-in-C.

Three Attack Forces landing on the southern French mainland between Toulon and Cannes. A fourth Force on the offshore islands

US Seventh Army - Gen Patch
US Sixth Corps followed-up by
French Second Corps

Naval Control force Commander
Vice-Adm H K Hewitt USN
US Rear-Adms Davidson, Lewis, Lowry, Rodgers


August 8 in German History

Birth of Johann Christoph Adelung in Anklam, Germany. Adelung was the most significant German-language scholar before the Grimms. He was the librarian to the Elector of Saxony.

Death of Friedrich August Wolf in Marseille, France (born in Haynrode, Germany). “Pro le go me na ad Homerum” (1795) Therewith he created the “Homeric Question”. Wolf was the first student admitted to the field of philology at the University of Göttingen in 1777. (At that time it was a new subfield of theology.) He became a professor at the University of Halle where he raised philology to an independent academic field of study.

Birth of Karl Klaus von der Decken in Kotzen, Germany. He was an explorer in Africa and the first European to try to climb Mount Kilimanjaro.

Birth of Paul Ludwig von Kleist in Braunfels, Germany. Von Kleist was a general in WWII. At the end of the war he was sentenced to 15 years imprisonment in the Soviet Union. He died in prison in 1954.

Birth of Rudi Gernreich in Vienna, Austria. Among his achievements as a fashion designer are the unisex look, invisible undergarments, transparent tops and a monokini. He immigrated to Los Angeles in 1938 and through Gernreich, Inc. had a major impact on fashion in the 60’s.

The German dirigible, Graf Zeppelin, takes off on a round-the-world flight. The growing popularity of the “giant of the air” made it easy for Hugo Eckener (the deceased Count’s successor) to find sponsors. One of these was the American press tycoon William Randolph Hearst, who requested the tour officially start in Lakehurst. As with the October 1928 flight to New York, Hearst had placed a reporter, Grace Marguerite Hay Drummond-Hay, on board who therefore became the first woman to circumnavigate the globe by air. From there, Graf Zeppelin flew to Friedrichshafen, then Tokyo, Los Angeles, and back to Lakehurst, in 21 days 5 hours and 31 minutes. Including the initial and final trips Friedrichshafen–Lakehurst and back, the dirigible traveled 49,618 kilometres (30,831 mi).

The “London Agreement” establishes the authority of an international military tribunal to conduct war crimes trials.

Death of Feodor Lynen in Munich, Germany. Lynen was a chemist at the University of Munich who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1964 for his research on the metabolism of cholesterol and fatty acids.


History of Infinity Day: August 8

Infinity Day is also known as Universal & International Infinity Day and is a day held on the 8th day of the 8th month of each year in order to celebrate and promote Philosophy and Philosophizing for the ordinary person.

  • 8 planets in the Solar System — since Pluto got demoted.
  • 8 is the atomic number of Oxygen.
  • 8 is the maximum number of electrons that can occupy a valence shell in atomic physics.
  • 8 people were saved in the Flood at the time of Noah.
  • 8th day: Jesus was circumcised, as the brit mila is held for Jewish boys.
  • 8 is the number of legs a spider or octopus has.
  • 8 is 2 cubed.
  • 8 follows 7 but stops before 9 making it the only non-zero perfect power that is one less than another perfect power.
  • 8 is the basis of the octal system, each digit representing 3 bits. A byte is 8 bits.
  • 8 displayed horizontally is the symbol of infinity

Infinity Day was first conceived and created by Jean-Pi e rre Ady Fenyo, a philosopher, poet, journalist, and science-fiction author, who as a sidewalk philosopher became known as The Original New York City Free Advice Man (see The New Yorker magazine’s August 17, 1987 issue) back in 1987. He has since become known as a celebrity there. Infinity Day was begun in 1987 and has been celebrated in the form of peaceful, non-violent and lawful demonstrations for philosophical inquiry, freedom of expression, freedom of speech and ethics in society, throughout the world. Thereafter the founder took it to various cities in the US and Europe. He now lives in London.

What significant 8s do you know?

Bill Petro, your friendly neighborhood historian
www.billpetro.com

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Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings

Journalist, short-story writer, and novelist Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings was born on August 8, 1896, in Washington, D.C. Rawlings is best known for her Pulitzer Prize-winning novel The Yearling (1938), the story of young Jody Baxter’s coming of age in the big scrub country which is now the Ocala National Forest in Florida.

As she answered the door, she held in her hand a copy of Marjorie Kinnan Rawling’s “The Yearling.” “That’s a great book,” she remarked, as she laid the volume on the library table in the front hall — “So true to the ‘cracker’ life and customs. And I remember the storm she tells about.”

“Ruby Beach.” Mrs. (Sloaner) Scull, interviewee Rose Shepherd, interviewer/writer Jacksonville, Florida, April 11, 1939. American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers’ Project, 1936 to 1940. Manuscript Division.

Rawlings began her career as a journalist, working for the Louisville Courier-Journal and the Rochester Journal. In 1926 she began writing a daily poetry column, “Songs of a Housewife,” for the Rochester Times-Union. The column was soon syndicated by United Features and ran in approximately fifty newspapers.

Rawlings settled at Cross Creek, near Gainesville, Florida, in 1928, in order to write fiction. Cross Creek, published in 1942, tells of her enchantment with this part of rural Florida. Her association with Cross Creek continued until her death in 1953 at the age of fifty-seven.

Florida, sunset on the Ocklawaha [i.e. Oklawaha]. William Henry Jackson, photographer, c1899. Detroit Publishing Company. Prints & Photographs Division.


History of Infinity Day: August 8

Infinity Day is also known as Universal & International Infinity Day. It is a commemoration held on the 8th day of the 8th month of each year to celebrate and promote Philosophy and Philosophizing for the ordinary person.

Why 8 is significant:

  • 8 planets in the Solar System — since Pluto got demoted.
  • 8 is the atomic number of Oxygen.
  • 8 is the maximum number of electrons that can occupy a valence shell in atomic physics.
  • 8 people were saved in the Flood at the time of Noah.
  • 8th day: Jesus was circumcised, as the brit mila is held for Jewish boys.
  • 8 is the number of legs a spider or octopus has.
  • 8 is 2 cubed.
  • 8 follows 7 but stops before 9 making it the only non-zero perfect power that is one less than another perfect power.
  • 8 is the basis of the octal system, each digit representing 3 bits. A byte is 8 bits.
  • 8 displayed horizontally is the symbol of infinity

History:

Infinity Day was first conceived and created by Jean-Pierre Ady Fenyo, a philosopher, poet, journalist, and science-fiction author. As a sidewalk philosopher, he became known back in 1987 as “The Original New York City Free Advice Man” (see The New Yorker magazine’s August 17, 1987 issue.) He has since become known as a celebrity there.

Infinity Day was begun in 1987 and has been celebrated in the form of peaceful, non-violent and lawful demonstrations for philosophical inquiry, freedom of expression, freedom of speech and ethics in society, throughout the world. Thereafter the founder took it to various cities in the US and Europe. He now lives in London.


Watch the video: 8 Αυγούστου 2021 (January 2022).