Superbowl in the Sixties - History

Year Number Winners Losers
1967...........I Green Bay Packers (NFL) vs. Kansas City Chiefs (AFL)
LOCATION: Los Angeles Coliseum
DATE: January 15th

1968..........II Green Bay Packers (NFL) vs. Oakland Raiders (AFL)
LOCATION: OrangeBowl, Miami
DATE: January 14th

1969.........III New York Jets (AFL) vs. Baltimore Colts (NFL)
LOCATION: Orange Bowl, Miami
DATE: January 12th

1970.........IV Kansas City Chiefs (AFL) vs. Minnesota Vikings (NFL)
LOCATION: Tulane Stadium, New Orleans
DATE: January 11

Super Bowl

The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL). It has served as the final game of every NFL season since 1966, replacing the NFL Championship Game. Since 2004, the game has been played on the first Sunday in February. Winning teams are awarded with the Vince Lombardi Trophy, named after the eponymous coach who won the first two Super Bowl games. Due to the NFL restricting use of its "Super Bowl" trademark, it is frequently referred to as the "big game" or other generic terms by non-sponsoring corporations.

The game was created as part of a 1966 merger agreement between the NFL and the rival American Football League (AFL) to have their best teams compete for a championship. It was originally called the AFL–NFL World Championship Game until the "Super Bowl" moniker was adopted in 1969's Super Bowl III. The first four Super Bowls from 1967 to 1970 were played prior to the merger, with the NFL and AFL each winning two. After the merger in 1970, the 10 AFL teams and three NFL teams formed the American Football Conference (AFC) while the remaining 13 NFL teams formed the National Football Conference (NFC). All games since 1971's Super Bowl V have been played between the two best teams from each conference, with the NFC leading the AFC 26–25.

Of the NFL's current 32 teams, 20 (11 NFC, 9 AFC) have won a Super Bowl and 14 (8 AFC, 6 NFC) hold multiple titles. The AFC's New England Patriots and Pittsburgh Steelers have the most Super Bowl titles at six each the Patriots also have the most appearances at 11. At five losses each, the Patriots and the Denver Broncos of the AFC hold the record for the most defeats in the Super Bowl. The Baltimore Ravens of the AFC and the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the NFC are the only franchises to be undefeated in multiple Super Bowls, having won two each. Among the 12 teams who have not won a Super Bowl, the AFC's Cleveland Browns, Houston Texans, and Jacksonville Jaguars and the NFC's Detroit Lions are the only four to have not appeared in the game.

The Super Bowl is among the world's most-watched sporting events and frequently commands the largest audience among all American broadcasts during the year. It is second only to the UEFA Champions League final as the most watched annual sporting event worldwide [1] and the seven most-watched broadcasts in American television history are Super Bowls. [2] Super Bowl XLIX in 2015 is the most-watched American television program with an audience of 114.4 million viewers, the fifth time in six years that the game set a viewership record. [3] [4] [5] Commercial airtime during the Super Bowl broadcast is the most expensive of the year because of the high viewership, leading to companies regularly developing their most expensive advertisements for this broadcast and commercial viewership becoming an integral part of the event. The Super Bowl is also the second-largest day for American food consumption, after Thanksgiving Day. [6]

The History of the Super Bowl

In the midst of the unrelenting hype over "Deflategate" in advance of Super Bowl XLIX on Sunday, it is the perfect time to review the history of the biggest sporting event in the country. Far younger than the World Series, the Masters, or the Kentucky Derby, the NFL championship game has become a virtual national holiday in which the life of the country comes to a full and complete stop.

The Super Bowl's origins lie in the creation of the American Football League (AFL) in 1960. Started by a group of businessmen who wanted their own pro football franchises but were frustrated by the NFL's unwillingness to expand, the AFL forged ahead as an alternative league playing a more wide-open brand of football. So began a rivalry that would help propel pro football ahead of baseball as the most popular spectator sport in the country by the end of the decade.

In 1966, after several years of competition, NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle and Lamar Hunt, owner of the AFL's Kansas City Chiefs, negotiated a merger agreement in which the two leagues would formally join together in 1970. In the meantime, the AFL and NFL champions would play each other at the end of the season and Hunt suggested calling the new game the "Super Bowl." Though both he and Rozelle thought a better title could be found, sportswriters started using the moniker in advance of the inaugural game in January 1967 and it stuck.

Though there was anticipation before Super Bowl I between the Green Bay Packers and Kansas City Chiefs, the hype did not remotely approach what we see today. The game, which was held in the Los Angeles Coliseum, did not even sell out. As Michael MacCambridge, author of a history of pro football, observed, "fans simply weren't used to traveling to neutral sites." Though the Vince Lombardi-era Packers routed the Chiefs and ratified the notion of NFL superiority, the game drew 65 million television viewers, the largest ever for an American sporting event at the time.

The game's popularity took off from there as the New York Jets' shocking upset of the Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III gave the AFL credibility. After the merger, the NFL split into the American Football Conference (AFC) and the National Football Conference (NFC) and the victors of those conferences fought it out at the end of each season. The two-week gap between the conference championship games allowed suspense to build, as the media presence grew dramatically. By 1974, the event had grown to such proportions that Norman Vincent Peale declared that if Christ were alive "he'd be at the Super Bowl."

As the NFC's domination of the AFC produced a series of Super Bowl routs in the 1980s, Madison Avenue swooped in to create a different kind of interest in the game. In 1984, Apple commissioned a Ridley Scott-directed commercial promoting their new Macintosh computer. The ad, based on George Orwell's dystopian novel, 1984, showed a woman tossing a sledgehammer into a gigantic TV screen of Big Brother's propaganda. Shown during Super Bowl XVIII, the commercial started a sensation and from that point forward, corporate America debuted their best ads during the game. After all, no better place to unveil them than before the biggest national television audience of the year. And ranking the spots became another part of watching the game.

While viewership for the World Series and NBA Finals are highly dependent on whether large-market teams or major stars participate or not, the Super Bowl's ratings are almost unaffected by these factors. The NFL's revenue-sharing arrangement allows small-market teams to remain competitive and even become national brands. While a playoff matchup between the Colorado Rockies and Seattle Mariners would strike fear into the hearts of baseball officials, last year's Super Bowl between the Denver Broncos and Seattle Seahawks drew an American television record of 112 million viewers.

A Brief History of 'What Time Is the Super Bowl?'

Perusing the metaphorical tomes of modern civilization, we can already speak to some of the Great Questions—the ones that might define our era. “How do we balance security and liberty?” captivates our public discussions. Scientists struggle to resolve “Is light a wave or a particle?”

Yet one question mesmerizes us above all the rest. It can never truly be solved, we must admit. Our best epistemological hope is to resolve it from year-to-year. It is, of course:

What time is the Super Bowl?

But how did this enigma come to dominate our era? The history—only now becoming visible—is as follows.

On February 5, 2011—Super Bowl Saturday—Craig Kanalley noticed that a set of queries were peaking on Google Trends. They were all along the same lines: “what time is the super bowl 2011,” “superbowl time” and “superbowl kickoff time 2011.”

Kanalley worked at the Huffington Post. His title was Trends and Traffic Editor. In those proto-social days, one of Kanalley’s jobs was to watch Google Trends and identify what people were searching for. He then leveraged that information by writing stories about those topics—stories designed to appear near the top of Google’s search results for those popular queries.

He was one of many online writers that year furiously playing the search engine optimization (SEO) game, trying to answer the questions that people were googling about, and, in doing so, getting articles to the top of Google’s major result pages. Hit the Google Jackpot—land a top placement on a result page—and users flooded your page, so many users they sloshed into the rest of the site.

HuffPo, Time, and the Washington Post all got good at this game, running operations to arbitrage Google’s at-that-time extensive trend data. The operation didn’t exclusively concern itself with traffic, though: By writing about what people were searching for, you were writing about what they were thinking and wondering, too. You could glimpse the web’s conversations taking place.

“It was a different world back then,” Kanalley told me when we talked on Thursday. “I almost think it was a trend in itself, of covering trends.”

“What Time Does the Superbowl Start?” (henceforth abbreviated as WTDSS) came out of a beat of sorts, for Kanalley.

“I don’t think it was assigned to me,” he said.

So when he wrote it, he had a twofold task. He couched his post as much about the popularity of the search term as about the event’s time itself. But, critically, he also misspelled his first couple of mentions of the Super Bowl. Instead, he spelled it the way that harried Googlers spell it. Super Bowl became one word, Superbowl.

Are you wondering, "what time does the Superbowl start?"

It's a common search query, as is "what time is the super bowl 2011," "superbowl time" and "superbowl kickoff time 2011," according to Google Trends the evening before the Super Bowl.

It's easily answered too. Super Bowl 2011 will take place on Sunday, Feb. 6, 2011, at 6:30 p.m. Eastern Time and 3:30 p.m. Pacific Time.

It seems to have read like that through Super Bowl Sunday and the week that followed. By March, the story had been shortened, losing its newsy preamble. Some unknown editor reduced the passage above to:

This story has been edited for greater clarity.

Super Bowl 2011 takes place on Sunday, Feb. 6, 2011, at 6:30 p.m. Eastern Time and 3:30 p.m. Pacific Time.

But the editing came after the great triumph. Kanalley’s post, by all reports, did very, very, very well.

What time is the superbowl in history (Reuters / Robinson Meyer)

The post became famous. By the next year, 2012, copycats were hot on HuffPo’s trail—including legacy institutions like the Los Angeles Times. The Times, too, took a tack similar to Kanalley, pegging the factlet of the event’s time to the popularity of the Google result.

HuffPo, meanwhile, adjusted its strategy, creating an omnibus story with information about the Super Bowl. The site hides previous Time of the Super Bowl coverage behind its most current version, but the 2013 version of this story—“What Time Is The Super Bowl?: 2013's Game Start Time And More About Big Event”—is still online.

But the WTDSS backlash had begun as well. Barry Petchesky, a Deadspin writer, called Kanalley’s post “the most legendary act of SEO trolling ever.” Gawker introduced a new phrasing in a piece titled—What Time Is the Superbowl?—then failed to answer its own question.

Yet all these news organizations’ attempts at temporal dominance failed. They were defeated, in fact, by the entity that made the Bowl Super in the first place. In 2012, the NFL posted a sparse page to its website titled “What time is Super Bowl 46?”. The NFL “won” the year, appearing at the top of Google’s results.

In 2013, fewer news organizations got into the WTDSS game. Petchesky, returning to the topic, found only “obscure” news organizations when he googled. He mused that WTDSS had become a “lost art.”

At Slate, meanwhile, technology writer Will Oremus offered a reason why. Oremus argued that Google itself had killed the WTDSS hustle. Search “what time does the superbowl start,” he said, and Google informs you of the answer without sending you to another site, just as it would inform you of the weather or the score of a game in progress. Siri does the same.

This year, Google got even more specific. Google killed the SEO journalism job. It killed WTDSS. Here's what people got if they searched "what time does the superbowl start":

Oremus’s post had primed me to expect a quiet year on the WTDSS front.

How wrong I was: Gawker has tracked WTDSS through time, and Alex Balk, a writer at The Awl, has already penned a poem.

What time is the superbowl in history (Reuters / Robinson Meyer)

“From a newsroom’s perspective, it was kind of a no brainer to do [SEO] as long as a newsroom had resources,” Kanalley said.

The SEO game, at least as far as Google Trends is concerned, has ended. But, in Kanalley’s view, too, the habits and ideas that informed—and were informed by—SEO wound up helping to define what social news looked like. In 2011, he said, HuffPo presented itself as the Internet’s newspaper. It wrote about what the Internet was talking about.

That’s still the goal of HuffPo’s Trends team, which has grown from two to 10 staff members since the WTDSSingularity. Dean Praetorius, whom Kanalley hired and who now oversees the team, told me that Trends still looked “for stories at the top of the Internet,” but that it does that by tracking social media more than it does search.

“The move towards social across our newsroom wasn’t driven by a decline in search or anything like that,” he wrote in an email. “It's simply that users have been picking up on social and that's where the conversation has been.”

And when the Trends team does create stories along the lines of WTDSS now, he said, its members do it trying to “give people what they are looking for and give them the best information possible.”

“The whole incident,” he said of WTDSS, taught HuffPo that when doing SEO, “you really, really have to take the extra care and do the diligence.”

What time is the superbowl in great art (Wikimedia / Robinson Meyer)

The ecosystem around the Internet’s conversation has changed, too. Google Trends no longer serves the number of keywords it once did, and the keywords it does serve lack specificity. It also serves more answers than it did in 2011.

Yet the kind of work that teams like Trends used to do with Google has now moved completely to social. News organizations still run arbitrage on topics that will imminently trend. Earlier this week, Twitter and the analytics firm Dataminr released a shared product, Dataminr for News, that lets news organizations discover social news before it appears.

(The first time someone asked WTDSS on Twitter, by the way, was in 2007.)

is wondering what time kick off will be (when converted to GMT) in the superbowl tonight. It's going to be late!

— Colin Walker (@ColinWalker) February 4, 2007

At the end of 2013, Reuters finance blogger Felix Salmon predicted that controversies in journalism in 2014 would center on whether viral videos and images constituted news. The easiest way for news organizations to keep up in the Traffic Wars, as he called them, was to repost the same stuff everyone else was sharing and wait for the Facebook likes to roll in.

“Expect, over the course of the coming year, a large quantity of debate about questions like whether it even makes sense to fact-check a twerking video,” Salmon said.

But the question of whether to fact-check a, say, playful polar bear turns on ideas that predate Upworthy. Imagine asking a newspaper editor circa 1980 if he or she could know exactly what everyone is talking about, quantified and across American society—wouldn’t that be something that would belong in a newspaper? Shouldn’t a newspaper answer the questions people have? And isn’t writing about the web’s conversations a version of that—even if the conversations concerns cats?

We wanted to know what people were talking about, live and quantified. It turned out that they were talking about what time is the Super Bowl.

Last year, the writer Tim Maly played around with that automatic, machinic phrase. The tweets from the resulting storm decorate this post. What Time Is the Superbowl—the variant that eventually even the HuffPost adopted—is the kind of phrase a Markov chain might string together, the kind of language-hiccup a tired, post-caffeinated brain extrudes when it can’t think anymore.

What Time is the Super Bowl hides a double-human intelligence, the kind of phrase people type into Google when they’re anticipating how to get the machine to give them a good answer. It’s half-human, half-algorithm.

No wonder Kanalley’s job wound up being computerized away. This is the way that jobs end: Not with a bang, but with a What Time Is the Super Bowl.

And the Super Bowl (or Superbowl, or Supper Ball, or Superb owl), in case you were wondering, begins at 6:30 p.m. on Sunday, February 2, 2014. Pitting the Denver Broncos, with Star Quarterback Peyton Manning, against the Seattle Seahawks, with Quarterback Russell Wilson and Cornerback Richard Sherman, the Super Bowl will be broadcast on FOX. It will take place at MetLife Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey.

What we talk about when we talk about what time is the super bowl.

— Tim Maly (@doingitwrong) February 2, 2013

it was the best of what time is the superbowl it was the worst of what time is the super bowl

— Tim Maly (@doingitwrong) February 2, 2013

I just met you, and this is crazy, but what time is the superbowl

— Tim Maly (@doingitwrong) February 2, 2013

Arms and the man I sing, what time is the super bowl

— Tim Carmody (@tcarmody) February 2, 2013

@doingitwrong Law & Order: what time is the Super Bowl

— Jacob Harris (@harrisj) February 2, 2013

Land Before What Time Is The Superbowl

— matthew braga (@mattbraga) February 2, 2013

Happy families are all alike every unhappy family asks what time is the superbowl

— Tim Carmody (@tcarmody) February 2, 2013


The NFL awarded Super Bowl XV to New Orleans on March 13, 1979 at the owners meetings in Honolulu. [5]

Oakland Raiders Edit

Super Bowl XV was the climax of Jim Plunkett's revival as an NFL starting quarterback. The 1970 Heisman Trophy winner was selected with the first pick of the 1971 NFL draft by the New England Patriots and was later named the 1971 NFL Rookie of the Year. But Plunkett suffered through five losing seasons with the Patriots and two uneven seasons with the San Francisco 49ers before being released as a free agent before the 1978 season.

Plunkett was signed by Oakland to be their backup quarterback, and thus he did not see much playing time, throwing no passes in 1978 and just 15 passes in 1979. Meanwhile, Oakland traded long time starting quarterback Ken Stabler in the 1979 off-season to replace him with Dan Pastorini, a former high school rival of Plunkett who had been selected two spots below him in the 1971 draft. After the Raiders started the 1980 season with a 2–3 record, Pastorini broke his leg and suddenly Plunkett was thrust into the starting role. The 33-year-old Plunkett got off to a bad start, throwing 5 interceptions in a 31–17 loss to the Kansas City Chiefs after relieving Pastorini. However, he recovered and led the Raiders to victory in 9 of their last 11 games in the season, qualifying for the playoffs as a wild card team. Plunkett made 165 out of 320 pass completions for 2,299 yards, 18 touchdown passes, and was intercepted 15 times. He also contributed 141 rushing yards and 2 touchdowns on the ground.

The Raiders' main offensive deep threat was wide receiver Cliff Branch (44 receptions, 858 yards, 7 touchdowns), while wide receiver Bob Chandler contributed 49 receptions for 786 yards and 10 touchdowns. Running back Mark van Eeghen was the team's top rusher with 838 yards and 5 touchdowns, while also catching 29 passes for 259 yards. Halfback Kenny King rushed for 761 yards and catching 22 passes for 145 yards. The Raiders also had an outstanding offensive line led by two future Hall of Famers, tackle Art Shell and guard Gene Upshaw. Upshaw became the first player to play in three Super Bowls with the same team in three different decades. He also played in Super Bowls II (1967) and XI (1976).

Oakland's defense, anchored by defensive end John Matuszak, was punishing. Defensive back Lester Hayes led the league in interceptions (13) and interception return yards (273), and was the league's Defensive Player of the Year. Safety Burgess Owens added three interceptions, returning them for 59 yards and a touchdown. The Raiders also had a trio of great linebackers: future Hall of Famer Ted Hendricks, Pro Bowler Rod Martin (3 Interceptions), and standout rookie Matt Millen.

The Raiders were led by head coach Tom Flores, the first Hispanic coach to win a Super Bowl.

Philadelphia Eagles Edit

In 1980, under head coach Dick Vermeil, the Philadelphia Eagles, who had not played in a league championship since their 1960 NFL championship, advanced to their first Super Bowl. Philadelphia's offense ranked 6th in the league in scoring (384 points) and 8th in yards gained (5,519). The Eagles were led by quarterback Ron Jaworski, who completed 257 out of 451 passes for 3,529 yards during the regular season, including 27 touchdowns and only 12 interceptions. Another key player on the Eagles offense was halfback Wilbert Montgomery, who was widely considered one of the top running backs in the NFL and had rushed for over 1,200 yards in each of the last two seasons. Injuries during the 1980 regular season had limited him to just 778 yards, but he proved he was fully recovered in the postseason by rushing for 194 yards in the NFC title game. Montgomery was also a superb receiver out of the backfield, recording 50 receptions for 407 yards. The other main deep threats on offense, wide receivers Harold Carmichael and Charlie Smith, along with tight end Keith Krepfle, combined for 125 receptions, 2,090 yards, and 16 touchdowns.

The Eagles' defense led the league in fewest points allowed during the regular season (222), while ranking second in fewest yards (4,443). Nose tackle Charlie Johnson anchored the line, and even managed to record 3 interceptions. Defensive end Claude Humphrey led the team in sacks with 14.5. Linebackers Jerry Robinson (4 fumble recoveries and 2 interceptions) and Bill Bergey excelled at both stopping the run and pass coverage. Philadelphia also had a fine secondary, led by veteran defensive backs Herman Edwards (3 interceptions) and Brenard Wilson (6 interceptions), along with rookie Roynell Young (4 interceptions). The Eagles' defense was a major factor in their hard-fought 10–7 victory over the Raiders in the regular season they sacked Plunkett 8 times.

Playoffs Edit

The Eagles advanced through the playoffs, defeating the Minnesota Vikings, 31–16, and the Dallas Cowboys, 20–7.

Meanwhile, Plunkett and the Raiders defeated the Houston Oilers 27–7, the Cleveland Browns 14–12 (on a play known as Red Right 88), and the San Diego Chargers 34–27. In doing so, Oakland became the third wild card team to advance to the Super Bowl, and the first wild card team to win three postseason rounds since the NFL expanded to a 10-team playoff format in 1978. Hayes had a spectacular performance in the playoffs, adding 5 more interceptions to give him a total of 18 picks in 19 games.

Super Bowl pregame news and notes Edit

In the days before the game, most sports writers were speculating over whether, if the Raiders won, NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle would present the Vince Lombardi Trophy to the team's owner Al Davis. Prior to the season, the league declined to approve the Raiders' proposal to move from the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum in Oakland, California to the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles. In response, Davis sued the NFL for violating antitrust laws. The conflict caused much friction between Rozelle and Davis. (The Raiders would eventually win the lawsuit, allowing the team to move to Los Angeles before the 1982 season.)

Oakland became the first team to avenge a regular-season loss in the Super Bowl. The Eagles defeated the Raiders 10–7 on November 23 at Veterans Stadium.

This game marked the first Super Bowl where both teams used the 3–4 defensive formation as their base defense. The Raiders were the first team to use the 3–4 in the Super Bowl in Super Bowl XI against the Minnesota Vikings, although the Miami Dolphins used a version of the 3–4 ("53 defense") in Super Bowl VI, Super Bowl VII and Super Bowl VIII. The 3–4 would be used by at least one team in every Super Bowl between Super Bowl XV and game XXVIII.

The Raiders became the first team to appear in a Super Bowl in three different decades (1960s, 1970s and 1980s), having previously played in Super Bowls II and XI.

The game was broadcast in the United States by NBC, with Dick Enberg handling the play-by-play duties (Enberg's first Super Bowl in that role) and color commentators Merlin Olsen, John Brodie, and Len Dawson (Brodie and Dawson were in a separate broadcast booth from Enberg and Olsen.) Bryant Gumbel and Mike Adamle of NFL '80 anchored the pregame, halftime, and postgame coverage. Also taking part on NBC's coverage of the game were Pete Axthelm and Bob Trumpy. Like the game two years before, NBC used the same custom, synthesizer-heavy theme in place of their regular music. This game would also be the first Super Bowl to air with closed captioning for the hearing impaired.

CHiPs was broadcast after the game, representing the Super Bowl lead-out program. Toward the end of NBC's coverage, a montage of the game, the arrival of the hostages following their release, and the inauguration of Ronald Reagan as the 40th President of the United States aired to the tune of "Celebration" by Kool & the Gang.

The pregame festivities honored the end of the Iran hostage crisis (which was announced 5 days before the game), and featured a performance by the Southern University band. A large yellow bow 80-foot (24 m) long and 30 feet (9.1 m) wide was attached to the outside of the Superdome, while miniature bows were given to fans and every player wore a yellow stripe on the back of their helmets. (Yellow bows had been used in the US throughout the hostages' time in captivity as a sign of support.)

Singer, actress, and dancer Helen O'Connell later sang the national anthem. The coin toss ceremony featured Marie Lombardi, the widow of Pro Football Hall of Fame Green Bay Packers head coach Vince Lombardi.

The halftime show, featuring singers and dancers, was a "Mardi Gras Festival", with a performance from "Up With People".

First Quarter Edit

Oakland linebacker Rod Martin intercepted Eagles quarterback Ron Jaworski's first pass of the game and returned it 17 yards to Philadelphia's 30-yard line, setting up Jim Plunkett's 2-yard touchdown pass to wide receiver Cliff Branch seven plays later. After each team punted once, Jaworski threw a 40-yard touchdown pass to wide receiver Rodney Parker, but the score was nullified by an illegal motion penalty on wide receiver Harold Carmichael, and the Eagles ended up being forced to punt. The Raiders later scored another touchdown with about a minute left in the quarter. On third down from the Oakland 20-yard line, Plunkett threw the ball to running back Kenny King at the 39-yard line as he was scrambling around in the backfield to avoid being sacked. King caught the pass as it carried just over the outstretched arms of defensive back Herman Edwards and took off to the end zone for a Super Bowl record 80-yard touchdown reception. The Raiders led 14-0 and tied the Miami Dolphins' record (which still stands) for the largest Super Bowl lead (14 points) at the end of the first quarter, set in Super Bowl VIII.

Second Quarter Edit

The Eagles managed to respond on their next drive, with Jaworski completing passes to tight end John Spagnola and Wilbert Montgomery for gains of 22 and 25 yards on a 61-yard drive that ended with a 30-yard field goal by Tony Franklin, making the score 14–3 five minutes into the second quarter. Then with less than 4 minutes left in the period, the Raiders reached the Eagles 27-yard line, only to have kicker Chris Bahr miss a 45-yard field goal. The Eagles then drove 62 yards to Oakland's 11-yard line. On third down, Parker got ahead of defensive back Odis McKinney and was open on a route into the end zone, but Jaworski overthrew him and the pass was incomplete. Then with just 54 seconds left in the half, Franklin attempted a 28-yard field goal, but Raiders linebacker Ted Hendricks extended his 6'7" frame at the line and blocked the kick.

Third Quarter Edit

The Raiders then took the opening kickoff of the second half and scored quickly. Plunkett completed a 13-yard pass to King and a 32-yard completion to receiver Bob Chandler to move the ball to Philadelphia's 33-yard line. Then after a 4-yard run by running back Mark van Eeghen, Plunkett threw a 29-yard touchdown pass to Branch, increasing Oakland's lead to 21–3. The Eagles responded by driving 56 yards to the Raiders 34-yard line, but on third down and 3, Jaworski threw his second interception of the game to Martin. Oakland subsequently drove 40 yards and scored with Bahr's 46-yard field goal, increasing their lead to 24–3.

Fourth Quarter Edit

The Eagles finally managed to score a touchdown that counted early in the fourth quarter to cut their deficit to 24–10. Starting from their own 12-yard line, a 43-yard reception by receiver Charlie Smith and a 19-yard catch by Parker sparked an 88-yard, 12-play drive that was capped by Jaworski's 8-yard touchdown pass to tight end Keith Krepfle. But on their ensuing drive, Oakland marched 72 yards in 11 plays, the longest a 23-yard completion from Plunkett to Chandler. Philadelphia kept the Raiders out of the end zone, but Bahr kicked a 35-yard field goal, increasing Oakland's lead to 27–10.

Oakland's defense then dominated the rest the game, forcing two turnovers on Philadelphia's last 2 possessions of the game to prevent any chance of a comeback. On the Eagles' next drive, Jaworski fumbled a snap and Oakland lineman Willie Jones recovered it. Following a Raiders punt, Martin recorded a Super Bowl record third interception, and the Raiders ran out the clock to win the game.

Cliff Branch's two touchdown catches tied a Super Bowl record. Only Max McGee in Super Bowl I and John Stallworth in Super Bowl XIII caught two touchdowns prior to this. Jaworski finished the game with more completions (18) and yards (291) than Plunkett, but completed just 18 of 38 attempts and was intercepted 3 times. Van Eeghen was the top rusher of the game with 75 yards. King was the top receiver with 93 yards and a touchdown off of just 2 receptions. Eagles running back Wilbert Montgomery led Philadelphia in rushing and receiving with 44 rushing yards and 6 receptions for 91 yards. The Eagles' loss came hours after former head coach Joe Kuharich had died.

After the game, the expected heated confrontation between Rozelle and Davis was actually very civil. As Rozelle presented the Lombardi Trophy to Davis, he praised Plunkett, head coach Tom Flores, the players, and the entire Raiders organization for being the first wild card team to win the Super Bowl. Davis thanked Rozelle, then proceeded to also praise the team.

Oakland became only the second wild card team to make it to the Super Bowl and the first to come away victorious. The Super Bowl IV champion Kansas City Chiefs are often thought of as a "wild-card team," but they were not during 1969, the season before the 1970 AFL-NFL Merger, the second-place finishers in both divisions of the American Football League qualified for the playoffs. Flores became the first person to be a member of a Super Bowl winning team as a player and head coach. He was a member of the Chiefs in Super Bowl IV, but did not play in the game.

The History Of Super Bowl Commercials

Over 100 million are expected to watch the big game this year, but they won't just be tuning in for the football.

Over 100 million are expected to watch the big game this year, but they won&apost just be tuning in for the football. All eyes will also be on Super Bowl Sunday&aposs ads. So, how did America&aposs most-heralded sporting event become the most desired 30-second spot on television? Here&aposs a look at the history of Super Bowl commercials.

In 2011, NBC, CBS, and Fox paid $1 billion each for the event&aposs broadcast rights, switching off year to year for the next nine years. The networks can expect to recoup about $250 million of that in ad sales for each big game it airs.

The first Super Bowl was played in 1967. Back then, it aired on two networks, NBC and CBS. NBC charged companies $75,000 for a 60-second spot, while CBS charged $85,000. A 30-second spot cost $42,000, which is worth about $316,000 today.

By Super Bowl 14, the year of Mean Joe Greene&aposs famous Coca-Cola commercial, a 30-second spot fetched $222,000.

In Super Bowl 18, Apple aired their blockbuster �&apos ad. The ad itself cost about $370,000 to produce, but that year, the average 30-second spot cost $525,000. It was a worthwhile investment by Apple, as the commercial was reportedly seen by 85 million people and continues to rank as one of the most famous ads in Super Bowl history.

A 30-second spot crossed the million-dollar threshold in Super Bowl 29 and would hit $2 million only five years later.

Come Super Bowl 50, 30 seconds would cost companies $4.5 million and the broadcast would garner 112 million viewers.

This year, ads are selling north of $5 million, thanks to an increase in ratings for this season&aposs NFL games. At that price, the nation&aposs top brands certainly hope you won&apost mute your TVs during Super Bowl timeouts.


The NFL awarded Super Bowl IX to New Orleans on April 3, 1973, at the owners' meetings held in Scottsdale, Arizona. This was the third time that the Super Bowl was played in New Orleans, after Super Bowls IV and VI. Super Bowl IX was originally planned to be held at the Louisiana Superdome. [7] [8] However, construction delays at the Superdome (which pushed its opening to August 1975) forced the league to move the game to Tulane Stadium, where the city's previous two Super Bowls were held. This ended up being the last professional American football game played at Tulane Stadium.

Pittsburgh Steelers Edit

Pittsburgh advanced to their first Super Bowl and was playing for a league championship for the first time in team history. Their 73-year-old owner Art Rooney founded the Steelers as a 1933 NFL expansion team, but suffered through losing seasons for most of its 42-year history and had never made it to an NFL championship game or a Super Bowl. But in 1969, Rooney hired Chuck Noll to be the team's head coach and its fortunes started to turn following a disastrous 1–13 first year under the future Hall of Fame coach.

Noll rebuilt the Steelers through the NFL draft, selecting defensive tackle Joe Greene and defensive end L. C. Greenwood in his first season as head coach. In 1970, Noll drafted quarterback Terry Bradshaw and cornerback Mel Blount. In 1971, linebacker Jack Ham, defensive tackle Ernie Holmes, defensive end Dwight White, and safety Mike Wagner were selected by the team. Fullback Franco Harris was drafted in 1972. And in 1974, the Steelers picked linebacker Jack Lambert, center Mike Webster and wide receivers Lynn Swann and John Stallworth, and signed safety Donnie Shell as a free agent. Bradshaw, Webster, Swann, Stallworth, and Harris ended up being Hall of Fame players on offense, while the others formed the core nucleus of their "Steel Curtain" defense, including future Hall of Famers Greene, Ham, Blount, Lambert and Shell.

But en route to Super Bowl IX, the Steelers had started the regular season slowly, as Bradshaw and Joe Gilliam fought to be the team's starting quarterback. Gilliam had started for the first four games of the season, but Noll eventually made Bradshaw the starter. Although Bradshaw ended up completing only 67 out of 148 passes for 785 yards, 7 touchdowns, and 8 interceptions, he helped lead the team to a 10–3–1 regular-season record. The Steelers' main offensive weapon, however, was running the ball. Harris rushed for 1,006 yards and five touchdowns, while also catching 23 passes for 200 yards and another touchdown. Running backs Rocky Bleier, Preston Pearson, and Steve Davis also made important contributions, gaining a combined total of 936 yards and eight touchdowns. Receiver Lynn Swann returned 41 punts for league-leading 577 yards and a touchdown.

But the Steelers' main strength during the season was their staunch "Steel Curtain" defense, which led the league with the fewest total yards allowed (3,074) and the fewest passing yards allowed (1,466). Greene won the NFL Defensive Player of the Year Award for the second time in the previous three seasons, and he and L. C. Greenwood were named to the Pro Bowl. Both of the team's outside linebackers, Ham and Andy Russell, had been also selected to play in the Pro Bowl, while Lambert already had two interceptions for 19 yards in his rookie year. In the defensive backfield, Blount, Wagner, and Glen Edwards made a strong impact against opposing passing plays.

Minnesota Vikings Edit

The Vikings came into the season trying to redeem themselves after a one sided Super Bowl VIII loss after which they became the first team to lose two Super Bowls (the other loss was in Super Bowl IV).

Minnesota's powerful offense was still led by veteran quarterback Fran Tarkenton, who passed for 2,598 yards and 17 touchdowns. The Vikings' primary offensive weapon was running back Chuck Foreman, who led the team in receptions with 53 for 586 yards and six touchdowns. He was also their leading rusher with 777 rushing yards and nine touchdowns. Wide receivers Jim Lash and John Gilliam were major deep threats, having 32 receptions for 631 yards (a 19.7 yards per catch average) and 26 receptions for 578 yards (a 22.5 ypc average), respectively. Fullback Dave Osborn contributed with 514 rushing yards, and 29 receptions for 196 yards. And the Vikings' offensive line, led by future Hall of Famers right tackle Ron Yary and center Mick Tingelhoff, allowed only 17 sacks.

Aided by the "Purple People Eaters" defense, led by future Hall of Fame defensive linemen Carl Eller and Alan Page, and future Hall of Fame safety Paul Krause, the Vikings won the NFC Central for the sixth time in the previous seven seasons.

Playoffs Edit

For the first time in four years, the Miami Dolphins were not able to advance to the Super Bowl. While the Steelers defeated the Buffalo Bills 32–14 in the first round, the favored Dolphins lost to the Oakland Raiders 28–26, giving up Raiders running back Clarence Davis' 8-yard touchdown reception with 26 seconds remaining in the game with a play now known as The Sea of Hands. The key play in the game occurred when the Dolphins were in control and were leading the Raiders 19–14 midway through the fourth quarter. Cliff Branch hauled in a 72-yard touchdown pass from Raiders quarterback Ken Stabler when third-year Dolphin defensive back Henry Stuckey, the man assigned to cover Branch on the play, fell down, and the resultant wide open Branch caught the bomb and sprinted to the end zone. After George Blanda kicked the PAT, the Raiders led 21-19. Dolphin fans were furious because fan favorite Lloyd Mumphord was replaced with Stuckey. Mumphord and head coach Don Shula were involved in a feud at the time, and it is thought that Stuckey was given the starting job for this game because of Shula's and Mumphord's differences of opinion. Afterwards, Stuckey was released in the offseason. Many believed that had Mumphord been in the game, there would have been no "Sea of Hands" play.

The Steelers defeated the Buffalo Bills 32–14 at home in the divisional round, then won the AFC Championship Game over the host Raiders, 24–13.

Meanwhile, Minnesota allowed only a combined 24 points in their playoff wins against the St. Louis Cardinals, 30–14, and their narrow defeat of the Los Angeles Rams, 14–10, after their defense stopped an attempted comeback touchdown drive from the Rams on the Vikings' own 2-yard line.

Super Bowl pregame news and notes Edit

Sports writers and fans predicted that Super Bowl IX would be a low scoring game because of the two teams' defenses. The Steelers' "Steel Curtain" had led the AFC in fewest points allowed (189) and the Vikings' "Purple People Eaters" had only given up 195.

As the NFC was the designated "home team" for the game, by NFL rules at the time the Vikings were required to wear their purple jerseys. Although the league later relaxed the rule from Super Bowl XIII onwards, the Vikings would've likely worn their purple jerseys anyway, given that they've worn their purple jerseys at home for much of their history aside from a few games in the 1960s, when the NFL was encouraging (but not requiring) teams to wear white at home. This was the only one of the four Super Bowls the Steelers of the 1970s played in that the team wore their white jerseys, and the only Super Bowl the team would wear white at all until Super Bowl XL 31 years later.

Game conditions Edit

When the NFL awarded Super Bowl IX to New Orleans on April 3, 1973, the game was originally scheduled to be played at the Louisiana Superdome. [7] [8] By July 1974, construction on the dome was not yet finished, and so the league reverted to Tulane Stadium, home field for Tulane University and the New Orleans Saints, and site of Super Bowls IV and VI. Dolphins owner Joe Robbie lobbied the NFL to move Super Bowl IX to the Orange Bowl, already scheduled to host Super Bowl X, and give New Orleans the January 1976 game, but the proposal was rejected.

This proved to be quite pivotal, because of the inclement conditions (low temperature and the field was slick from overnight rain). [9] This was the last Super Bowl to be played in inclement weather for over thirty years, until Super Bowl XLI (and that game's weather issues in Miami were based on a driving rain, not the temperature). The game still holds the mark as the second-coldest outdoor temperature for an outdoor game, at a game-time temperature of 46 °F (8 °C) (only Super Bowl VI, also played at Tulane Stadium, had a colder game-time temperature, 39 °F (4 °C)) and expectations that Super Bowl XLVIII would break these records due to its winter location in outdoor New Jersey did not come to pass. (Seven Super Bowls - XVI in Pontiac, XXVI and LII in Minneapolis, XXVIII and XXXIV in Atlanta, XL in Detroit and XLVI in Indianapolis - have had colder outdoor temperatures but were played fixed-roof stadiums, except XLVI at the retractable-roofed Lucas Oil Stadium.) [10]

The change of venue meant this was not only the last of three Super Bowls played at Tulane Stadium, but the last professional game played in the stadium, which was demolished five years later and replaced for the 1975 NFL season by the Louisiana Superdome, which has hosted every Super Bowl held in New Orleans since.

The circumstances surrounding Super Bowl IX prompted the NFL to adopt a rule prohibiting a new stadium from hosting the Super Bowl following its first regular season.

The game was broadcast in the United States by NBC with play-by-play announcer Curt Gowdy and color commentators Al DeRogatis and Don Meredith. Charlie Jones served as the event's field reporter and covered the trophy presentation while hosting the coverage was NBC News reporter Jack Perkins and Jeannie Morris (Morris, then the wife of former Chicago Bears wide receiver and WMAQ-TV sports anchor Johnny Morris, became the first woman to participate in Super Bowl coverage). [11] Prior to the 1975 NFL season, NBC did not have a regular pregame show.

The Mary Tyler Moore Show on CBS (which was set in Minneapolis) used this game as a plot line on the episode aired the night before the game. Lou Grant taught Ted Baxter how to bet on football games yet over the course of the football season, Ted was the one who developed a winning strategy. They pooled their money and finished the regular season in the black. Since Ted's strategy would not work on the Super Bowl game's spread, it was agreed they would not place a bet on the Super Bowl. However Ted was crushed when it was revealed that Lou actually did place a (losing) bet. Lou bet all the season's winnings on the Steelers. At the end of the show, Mary Tyler Moore announced the following over the credits: "If the Pittsburgh Steelers win the actual Super Bowl tomorrow, we want to apologize to the Pittsburgh team and their fans for this purely fictional story. If on the other hand, they lose, remember, you heard it here first." And, as it turned out, her apology did go into effect.

The Grambling State University Band performed during both the pregame festivities and the national anthem. During the national anthem, they were backed by the Mardi Gras Barbershop Chorus under the direction of Dr. Saul Schneider. The halftime show was a tribute to American jazz composer, pianist and bandleader Duke Ellington, also featuring the Grambling State University Band along with Ellington's son Mercer. Ellington had died the previous May.

As many predicted, the game was low scoring both teams failed to score a touchdown or a field goal until the third quarter and ended up with the third lowest total of combined points in Super Bowl history.

First Quarter Edit

The first quarter of Super Bowl IX was completely dominated by both teams' defenses. The Vikings were limited to 20 passing yards, zero rushing yards, and one first down. The Steelers did slightly better with 18 passing yards, 61 rushing yards, and four first downs. Pittsburgh even managed to get close enough for their kicker Roy Gerela to attempt two field goals, but Gerela missed his first attempt, and a bad snap prevented the second one from getting off the ground.

Second Quarter Edit

In the second quarter, the Vikings got an opportunity to score when defensive back Randy Poltl recovered a fumble from halfback Rocky Bleier at the Steelers' 24-yard line, but they could only move the ball two yards in their next three plays, and kicker Fred Cox missed a 39-yard field goal attempt. The Steelers then converted a third down with the longest gain so far in the game, a 22-yard pass from Terry Bradshaw to John Stallworth. Pittsburgh was forced to punt, but Bobby Walden booted a 39-yarder, and rookie Sam McCullum did not allow the ball to reach the end zone, then failed to make a return and was downed at the Viking 7-yard line. The first score of the game occurred two plays later, when halfback Dave Osborn fumbled a pitch from Tarkenton at the 10, and the ball rolled backward and across the goal line. Tarkenton quickly dove on the ball in the end zone to prevent a Steeler touchdown, but he was downed by Dwight White for a safety, giving Pittsburgh a 2–0 lead. It was the first safety scored in Super Bowl history. The Vikings forced a three-and-out, then threatened to score when Tarkenton led them on a 55-yard drive to the Steelers' 20-yard line. [12] [13] With 1:17 left in the half, Tarkenton threw a pass to receiver John Gilliam at the 5-yard line, but Steelers safety Glen Edwards hit him just as he caught the ball. The ball popped out of his hands and right into the arms of Mel Blount for an interception.

The half ended with the Steelers leading 2–0, the lowest halftime score in Super Bowl history and lowest possible, barring a scoreless tie.

Third Quarter Edit

On the opening kickoff of the second half, Minnesota's Bill Brown lost a fumble on an unintentional squib kick after Gerela slipped on the wet field and only extended his leg halfway for the kick. Marv Kellum recovered the ball for Pittsburgh at the Vikings' 30-yard line. Franco Harris then moved the ball to the 6-yard line with a 24-yard run. After being tackled for a three-yard loss, Harris carried the ball for nine yards and a touchdown, giving the Steelers a 9–0 lead.

After an exchange of punts, Minnesota got the ball back on their own 20-yard line. On the second play of drive, Tarkenton's pass was deflected behind the line of scrimmage by Pittsburgh defensive lineman L. C. Greenwood, and bounced back right into the arms of Tarkenton, who then threw a 41-yard completion to Gilliam. Officials ruled Tarkenton's first pass attempt was a completion to himself, and thus his second attempt was an illegal forward pass. After the penalty, facing third and 11, Minnesota got the first down with running back Chuck Foreman's 12-yard run. Three plays later, Tarkenton completed a 28-yard pass to tight end Stu Voigt at the Steelers' 45-yard line. But White deflected Tarkenton's next pass attempt, and Joe Greene intercepted the ball, ending the Vikings' best offensive scoring opportunity.

Fourth Quarter Edit

Early in the fourth quarter, the Vikings got another scoring opportunity when Minnesota safety Paul Krause recovered a fumble from Harris on the Steelers' 47-yard line. On the next play, a deep pass attempt from Tarkenton to Gilliam drew a 42-yard pass interference penalty on Pittsburgh defensive back Mike Wagner that moved the ball up to the 5-yard line. Once again, the Steelers stopped them from scoring when Greene forced and recovered a fumble from Foreman. Pittsburgh failed to get a first down on their next possession and was forced to punt from deep in their own territory. Minnesota linebacker Matt Blair burst through the line to block the punt, and Terry Brown recovered the ball in the end zone for a touchdown. Cox missed the extra point, but the Vikings had cut their deficit to 9–6 and were just a field goal away from a tie.

However, on the ensuing drive, the Steelers put the game out of reach with a 66-yard, 11-play scoring drive that took 6:47 off the clock and featured three successful third down conversions. The first was a key 30-yard pass completion from Bradshaw to tight end Larry Brown. Brown fumbled the ball as he was being tackled, and two officials (back judge Ray Douglas and field judge Dick Dolack) initially ruled the ball recovered for the Vikings by Jeff Siemon, but head linesman Ed Marion overruled their call, stating that Brown was downed at the contact before the ball came out of his hands. Faced with 2nd and 15 after a penalty, Pittsburgh then fooled the Vikings defense with a misdirection play. Harris ran left past Bradshaw after the snap, drawing in the defense with him, while Bleier took a handoff and ran right through a gaping hole in the line for a 17-yard gain to the Vikings 16-yard line. A few plays later, Bradshaw converted a 3rd and 5 situation with 6-yard pass to Bleier that put the ball on the Vikings' 5-yard line. The Steelers gained just one yard with their next two plays, setting up third and goal from the four. Bradshaw's 4-yard touchdown pass to Brown on third down gave the Steelers a 16–6 lead with only 3:31 remaining.

Vikings running back Brent McClanahan returned the ensuing kickoff 22 yards to the 39-yard line, but on the first play of the drive, Tarkenton's pass was intercepted by Wagner. The Steelers then executed 7 consecutive running plays, taking the game clock all the way down to 38 seconds remaining before turning the ball over on downs.

Harris finished the game with 34 carries for a Super Bowl record 158 yards and a touchdown Harris' record stood until the Washington Redskins' John Riggins rushed for 166 yards in Super Bowl XVII. Bleier had 65 rushing yards, and two receptions for 11 yards. Pittsburgh finished with a total of 57 rushing attempts, which remains the Super Bowl record through Super Bowl LIV. [14] Bradshaw completed nine out of 14 passes for 96 yards and a touchdown. Tarkenton completed 11 of 26 passes for just 102 yards with 3 interceptions, for a passer rating of only 14.1. [15] Foreman was the Vikings' top offensive contributor, finishing the game as the team's leading rusher and receiver with 18 rushing yards and 50 receiving yards.

The loss was the Vikings' record-setting third in Super Bowl play. Bud Grant vented frustration by saying, "There were three bad teams out there - us, Pittsburgh and the officials.” [16]

The 19 Most Iconic Super Bowl Ads of All Time

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It’s been estimated that 18 percent of Super Bowl viewers mostly care about seeing the funny, splashy TV ads that occur during the commercial breaks. (And we’re not even counting those who mostly wanted to catch the halftime show.) That’s a lot of people, especially once you consider how few people really sit down and watch television actually on televisions anymore, let alone at the time that it’s originally airing.

Brands—and the NFL—are well aware of what they’ve got: In 2020, all but one 30-second Super Bowl spot cost advertisers between $5 million to $5.6 million, a price tag that has rocketed up almost every year since 1970, when it was a now-quaint, then-astronomic $78,200. Which begs the question: Is it really worth it?

Most brands think so. Elizabeth Lindsey, a managing partner with Wasserman, a company that strategizes with many of the brands that partner with the NFL, told Yahoo in 2017 that “it’s the last bastion of programming that people feel is must-see, in the moment, live,” and that “I would argue the Super Bowl is a cultural experience far more than it is an individual game. It’s a gathering. And regardless of how you watch, at the end of the day, it’s social.”

With that kind of pressure, not everybody lives up to the hype. Some spots, though, become iconic, remembered decades after they aired, far after the fates of the players in the game that surrounded them have faded from memory. Here are 19 of the most memorable Super Bowl ads of all time—from expertly orchestrated emotional arcs and click-bait-ready celebrity cameos to heritage companies making new moves, or just plain clever branding.

Will Ferrell for GM, 2021

One of the great mysteries of Hollywood is how Will Ferrell has managed to stay so endearing for so long. In this General Motors spot, the comedian rounds up pals Kenan Thompson and Awkwafina for an overseas caper that’s worth seeing for yourself.

A Historical Look at Super Bowl Ticket Prices

This year began the Super Bowl’s modern ticket price practices. While tickets remained relatively inexpensive to what fans expect to pay in 2020, up until 1984, prices had remained largely stable with only occasional, modest jumps. From this point on that practice ended.

Average Ticket Price – $100

Average Ticket Price – $100

Average Ticket Price – $125

Average Ticket Price – $150

Average Ticket Price – $150

Average Ticket Price – $175

Average Ticket Price – $175

Average Ticket Price – $200

Average Ticket Price – $275 to $350

Inflation Adjusted – $450 to $573

Ticket prices in 1996 are noteworthy because this is arguably when the Super Bowl begins to take on modern pricing practices. This year represents a big jump in prices, and from 1996 onward, prices not only continued to increase they did so dramatically. This year is also an outlier because it will appear that ticket prices decrease afterward.

Average Ticket Price – $275

Average Ticket Price – $275

Average Ticket Price – $325

Average Ticket Price – $325

Average Ticket Price – $325

Average Ticket Price – $400

Average Ticket Price – $500

Average Ticket Price – $600

Average Ticket Price – $600

Average Ticket Price – $700

Average Ticket Price – $700

Average Ticket Price – $900

It is within the past decade or so that Super Bowl tickets have become truly a luxury for the rich, or those willing to save hard. From this point on, prices begin to leap by hundreds of dollars between most years.

Average Ticket Price – $1,000

Average Ticket Price – $1,000

Average Ticket Price – $1,200

Average Ticket Price – $1,200

Average Ticket Price – $1,250

Average Ticket Price – $1,500

Average Ticket Price – $2,000

Average Ticket Price – $2,500

Average Ticket Price – $2,500

Average Ticket Price – $2,500

Average Ticket Price – $2,900 – $4,300

Inflation Adjusted – $2,914 – $4,322

At time of writing, the average ticket to Super Bowl 2020 sold for $6,785. A far cry from when you could see the game for the equivalent of $90.


Numbers in parentheses in the table are Super Bowl appearances as of the date of that Super Bowl and are used as follows:

  • Winning team and losing team columns indicate the number of times that team has appeared in a Super Bowl as well as each respective teams' Super Bowl record to date.
  • Venue column indicates number of times that stadium has hosted a Super Bowl.
  • City column indicates number of times that metropolitan area has hosted a Super Bowl.
Super Bowl championships
Game Date/ Season Winning team Score Losing team Venue City Attendance Referee Ref
[sb 1]
January 15, 1967 (1966 AFL/1966 NFL) Green Bay Packers n
(1, 1–0 )
35–10 Kansas City Chiefs a
(1, 0–1 )
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles, California [sb 2] 61,946 Norm Schachter [7] [8]
[sb 1]
January 14, 1968 (1967 AFL/1967 NFL) Green Bay Packers n
(2, 2–0 )
33–14 Oakland Raiders a
(1, 0–1 )
Miami Orange Bowl Miami, Florida [sb 3] 75,546 Jack Vest [9] [8]
[sb 1]
January 12, 1969 (1968 AFL/1968 NFL) New York Jets a
(1, 1–0 )
16–7 Baltimore Colts n
(1, 0–1 )
Miami Orange Bowl (2) Miami, Florida (2) [sb 3] 75,389 Tom Bell [10] [8]
[sb 1]
January 11, 1970 (1969 AFL/1969 NFL) Kansas City Chiefs a
(2, 1–1 ) [S]
23–7 Minnesota Vikings n
(1, 0–1 )
Tulane Stadium New Orleans, Louisiana 80,562 John McDonough [11] [8]
V January 17, 1971 (1970) Baltimore Colts A
(2, 1–1 )
16–13 Dallas Cowboys N
(1, 0–1 )
Miami Orange Bowl (3) Miami, Florida (3) [sb 3] 79,204 Norm Schachter [12] [8]
VI January 16, 1972 (1971) Dallas Cowboys N
(2, 1–1 )
24–3 Miami Dolphins A
(1, 0–1 )
Tulane Stadium (2) New Orleans, Louisiana (2) 81,023 Jim Tunney [13] [8]
VII January 14, 1973 (1972) Miami Dolphins A
(2, 1–1 )
14–7 Washington Redskins N
(1, 0–1 )
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum (2) Los Angeles, California (2) [sb 2] 90,182 Tom Bell [14] [8]
VIII January 13, 1974 (1973) Miami Dolphins A
(3, 2–1 )
24–7 Minnesota Vikings N
(2, 0–2 )
Rice Stadium [sb 4] Houston, Texas 71,882 Ben Dreith [15] [8]
IX January 12, 1975 (1974) Pittsburgh Steelers A
(1, 1–0 )
16–6 Minnesota Vikings N
(3, 0–3 )
Tulane Stadium (3) New Orleans, Louisiana (3) 80,997 Bernie Ulman [16] [8]
X January 18, 1976 (1975) Pittsburgh Steelers A
(2, 2–0 )
21–17 Dallas Cowboys N
(3, 1–2 ) [W]
Miami Orange Bowl (4) Miami, Florida (4) [sb 3] 80,187 Norm Schachter [17] [8]
XI January 9, 1977 (1976) Oakland Raiders A
(2, 1–1 )
32–14 Minnesota Vikings N
(4, 0–4 )
Rose Bowl [sb 5] Pasadena, California (3) [sb 2] 103,438 Jim Tunney [18] [8]
XII January 15, 1978 (1977) Dallas Cowboys N
(4, 2–2 )
27–10 Denver Broncos A
(1, 0–1 )
Louisiana Superdome [sb 6] New Orleans, Louisiana (4) 76,400 Jim Tunney [20] [8]
XIII January 21, 1979 (1978) Pittsburgh Steelers A
(3, 3–0 )
35–31 Dallas Cowboys N
(5, 2–3 )
Miami Orange Bowl (5) Miami, Florida (5) [sb 3] 79,484 Pat Haggerty [21] [8]
XIV January 20, 1980 (1979) Pittsburgh Steelers A
(4, 4–0 )
31–19 Los Angeles Rams N
(1, 0–1 )
Rose Bowl (2) [sb 5] [sb 7] Pasadena, California (4) [sb 2] 103,985 Fred Silva [22] [8]
XV January 25, 1981 (1980) Oakland Raiders A
(3, 2–1 ) [W]
27–10 Philadelphia Eagles N
(1, 0–1 )
Louisiana Superdome (2) [sb 6] New Orleans, Louisiana (5) 76,135 Ben Dreith [23] [8]
XVI January 24, 1982 (1981) San Francisco 49ers N
(1, 1–0 )
26–21 Cincinnati Bengals A
(1, 0–1 )
Pontiac Silverdome Pontiac, Michigan [sb 8] 81,270 Pat Haggerty [25] [8]
XVII January 30, 1983 (1982) Washington Redskins N
(2, 1–1 )
27–17 Miami Dolphins A
(4, 2–2 )
Rose Bowl (3) [sb 5] Pasadena, California (5) [sb 2] 103,667 Jerry Markbreit [26] [8]
XVIII January 22, 1984 (1983) Los Angeles Raiders A
(4, 3–1 )
38–9 Washington Redskins N
(3, 1–2 )
Tampa Stadium Tampa, Florida 72,920 Gene Barth [27] [8]
XIX January 20, 1985 (1984) San Francisco 49ers N
(2, 2–0 )
38–16 Miami Dolphins A
(5, 2–3 )
Stanford Stadium [sb 9] Stanford, California [sb 10] 84,059 Pat Haggerty [29] [8]
XX January 26, 1986 (1985) Chicago Bears N
(1, 1–0 )
46–10 New England Patriots A
(1, 0–1 ) [W]
Louisiana Superdome (3) [sb 6] New Orleans, Louisiana (6) 73,818 Red Cashion [30] [8]
XXI January 25, 1987 (1986) New York Giants N
(1, 1–0 )
39–20 Denver Broncos A
(2, 0–2 )
Rose Bowl (4) [sb 5] Pasadena, California (6) [sb 2] 101,063 Jerry Markbreit [31] [8]
XXII January 31, 1988 (1987) Washington Redskins N
(4, 2–2 )
42–10 Denver Broncos A
(3, 0–3 )
San Diego–Jack Murphy Stadium [sb 11] San Diego, California 73,302 Bob McElwee [32] [8]
XXIII January 22, 1989 (1988) San Francisco 49ers N
(3, 3–0 )
20–16 Cincinnati Bengals A
(2, 0–2 )
Joe Robbie Stadium [sb 12] Miami, Florida (6) [sb 3] 75,129 Jerry Seeman [33] [8]
XXIV January 28, 1990 (1989) San Francisco 49ers N
(4, 4–0 )
55–10 Denver Broncos A
(4, 0–4 )
Louisiana Superdome (4) [sb 6] New Orleans, Louisiana (7) 72,919 Dick Jorgensen [34] [8]
XXV January 27, 1991 (1990) New York Giants N
(2, 2–0 )
20–19 Buffalo Bills A
(1, 0–1 )
Tampa Stadium (2) Tampa, Florida (2) 73,813 Jerry Seeman [35] [8]
XXVI January 26, 1992 (1991) Washington Redskins N
(5, 3–2 )
37–24 Buffalo Bills A
(2, 0–2 )
Metrodome Minneapolis, Minnesota 63,130 Jerry Markbreit [36] [8]
XXVII January 31, 1993 (1992) Dallas Cowboys N
(6, 3–3 )
52–17 Buffalo Bills A
(3, 0–3 ) [W]
Rose Bowl (5) [sb 5] Pasadena, California (7) [sb 2] 98,374 Dick Hantak [37] [8]
XXVIII January 30, 1994 (1993) Dallas Cowboys N
(7, 4–3 )
30–13 Buffalo Bills A
(4, 0–4 )
Georgia Dome Atlanta, Georgia 72,817 Bob McElwee [38] [8]
XXIX January 29, 1995 (1994) San Francisco 49ers N
(5, 5–0 )
49–26 San Diego Chargers A
(1, 0–1 )
Joe Robbie Stadium (2) [sb 12] Miami, Florida (7) [sb 3] 74,107 Jerry Markbreit [39] [8]
XXX January 28, 1996 (1995) Dallas Cowboys N
(8, 5–3 )
27–17 Pittsburgh Steelers A
(5, 4–1 )
Sun Devil Stadium Tempe, Arizona [sb 13] 76,347 Red Cashion [42] [8]
XXXI January 26, 1997 (1996) Green Bay Packers N
(3, 3–0 )
35–21 New England Patriots A
(2, 0–2 )
Louisiana Superdome (5) [sb 6] New Orleans, Louisiana (8) 72,301 Gerry Austin [43] [8]
XXXII January 25, 1998 (1997) Denver Broncos A
(5, 1–4 )
31–24 Green Bay Packers N
(4, 3–1 )
Qualcomm Stadium (2) [sb 11] San Diego, California (2) 68,912 Ed Hochuli [44] [8]
XXXIII January 31, 1999 (1998) Denver Broncos A
(6, 2–4 ) [W]
34–19 Atlanta Falcons N
(1, 0–1 )
Pro Player Stadium (3) [sb 12] Miami, Florida (8) [sb 3] 74,803 Bernie Kukar [45] [8]
XXXIV January 30, 2000 (1999) St. Louis Rams N
(2, 1–1 )
23–16 Tennessee Titans A
(1, 0–1 ) [W]
Georgia Dome (2) Atlanta, Georgia (2) 72,625 Bob McElwee [46] [8]
XXXV January 28, 2001 (2000) Baltimore Ravens A
(1, 1–0 ) [W]
34–7 New York Giants N
(3, 2–1 )
Raymond James Stadium Tampa, Florida (3) 71,921 Gerry Austin [47] [8]
XXXVI February 3, 2002 (2001) New England Patriots A
(3, 1–2 )
20–17 St. Louis Rams N
(3, 1–2 )
Louisiana Superdome (6) [sb 6] New Orleans, Louisiana (9) 72,922 Bernie Kukar [48] [8]
XXXVII January 26, 2003 (2002) Tampa Bay Buccaneers N
(1, 1–0 )
48–21 Oakland Raiders A
(5, 3–2 )
Qualcomm Stadium (3) [sb 11] San Diego, California (3) 67,603 Bill Carollo [49] [8]
XXXVIII February 1, 2004 (2003) New England Patriots A
(4, 2–2 )
32–29 Carolina Panthers N
(1, 0–1 )
Reliant Stadium [sb 14] Houston, Texas (2) 71,525 Ed Hochuli [50] [8]
XXXIX February 6, 2005 (2004) New England Patriots A
(5, 3–2 )
24–21 Philadelphia Eagles N
(2, 0–2 )
Alltel Stadium Jacksonville, Florida 78,125 Terry McAulay [51] [8]
XL February 5, 2006 (2005) Pittsburgh Steelers A
(6, 5–1 ) [W]
21–10 Seattle Seahawks N
(1, 0–1 )
Ford Field Detroit, Michigan (2) [sb 8] 68,206 Bill Leavy [52] [8]
XLI February 4, 2007 (2006) Indianapolis Colts A
(3, 2–1 )
29–17 Chicago Bears N
(2, 1–1 )
Dolphin Stadium (4) [sb 12] Miami Gardens, Florida (9) [sb 3] 74,512 Tony Corrente [53] [8]
XLII February 3, 2008 (2007) New York Giants N
(4, 3–1 ) [W]
17–14 New England Patriots A
(6, 3–3 )
University of Phoenix Stadium [sb 15] Glendale, Arizona (2) [sb 13] 71,101 Mike Carey [54] [8]
XLIII February 1, 2009 (2008) Pittsburgh Steelers A
(7, 6–1 )
27–23 Arizona Cardinals N
(1, 0–1 )
Raymond James Stadium (2) Tampa, Florida (4) 70,774 Terry McAulay [55] [8]
XLIV February 7, 2010 (2009) New Orleans Saints N
(1, 1–0 )
31–17 Indianapolis Colts A
(4, 2–2 )
Sun Life Stadium (5) [sb 12] Miami Gardens, Florida (10) [sb 3] 74,059 Scott Green [56] [8]
XLV February 6, 2011 (2010) Green Bay Packers N
(5, 4–1 ) [W]
31–25 Pittsburgh Steelers A
(8, 6–2 )
Cowboys Stadium Arlington, Texas 103,219 Walt Anderson [57] [58] [8]
XLVI February 5, 2012 (2011) New York Giants N
(5, 4–1 )
21–17 New England Patriots A
(7, 3–4 )
Lucas Oil Stadium Indianapolis, Indiana 68,658 John Parry [59] [8] [60] [61]
XLVII February 3, 2013 (2012) Baltimore Ravens A
(2, 2–0 )
34–31 San Francisco 49ers N
(6, 5–1 )
Mercedes-Benz Superdome (7) [sb 6] New Orleans, Louisiana (10) 71,024 Jerome Boger [62] [8] [60] [63]
XLVIII February 2, 2014 (2013) Seattle Seahawks N
(2, 1–1 )
43–8 Denver Broncos A
(7, 2–5 )
MetLife Stadium East Rutherford, New Jersey 82,529 Terry McAulay [64] [8] [65]
XLIX February 1, 2015 (2014) New England Patriots A
(8, 4–4 )
28–24 Seattle Seahawks N
(3, 1–2 )
University of Phoenix Stadium (2) [sb 15] Glendale, Arizona (3) [sb 13] 70,288 Bill Vinovich [66] [8] [67] [68]
[sb 16]
February 7, 2016 (2015) Denver Broncos A
(8, 3–5 )
24–10 Carolina Panthers N
(2, 0–2 )
Levi's Stadium Santa Clara, California (2) [sb 10] 71,088 Clete Blakeman [69] [68] [70] [71]
LI February 5, 2017 (2016) New England Patriots A
(9, 5–4 )
34–28 (OT) Atlanta Falcons N
(2, 0–2 )
NRG Stadium (2) [sb 14] Houston, Texas (3) 70,807 Carl Cheffers [72] [68] [70] [71]
LII February 4, 2018 (2017) Philadelphia Eagles N
(3, 1–2 )
41–33 New England Patriots A
(10, 5–5 )
U.S. Bank Stadium Minneapolis, Minnesota (2) 67,612 Gene Steratore [73] [74] [75] [76] [77]
LIII February 3, 2019 (2018) New England Patriots A
(11, 6–5 )
13–3 Los Angeles Rams N
(4, 1–3 )
Mercedes-Benz Stadium Atlanta, Georgia (3) 70,081 John Parry [78] [79] [80]
LIV February 2, 2020 (2019) Kansas City Chiefs A
(3, 2–1 )
31–20 San Francisco 49ers N
(7, 5–2 )
Hard Rock Stadium (6) [sb 12] Miami Gardens, Florida (11) [sb 3] 62,417 Bill Vinovich [79] [80]
LV February 7, 2021 (2020) Tampa Bay Buccaneers N
(2, 2–0 ) [W]
31–9 Kansas City Chiefs A
(4, 2–2 )
Raymond James Stadium (3) Tampa, Florida (5) 24,835 Carl Cheffers [79] [80]
LVI February 13, 2022 (2021) [sb 17] X 2022
  1. ^ abcd From 1966 to 1969, the first four Super Bowls were "AFL–NFL World Championship Games" games played between two independent professional football leagues, AFL and NFL, and when the league merged in 1970 the Super Bowl became the NFL Championship Game. [4]
  2. ^ abcdefghLos Angeles, Pasadena, and Inglewood are all located in the Greater Los Angeles Area. [6]
  3. ^ abcdefghijk The Miami Orange Bowl was in Miami proper. Joe Robbie Stadium, also in Dade County, opened in 1987 in an unincorporated area with a Miami address the area was incorporated as Miami Gardens in 2003.
  4. ^Rice Stadium was not a home stadium to any NFL team at the time the Houston Oilers had played there previously, but moved to the Astrodome several years prior to Super Bowl VIII.
  5. ^ abcde The Rose Bowl is not a home stadium to any NFL team.
  6. ^ abcdefghMercedes-Benz Superdome was originally known as Louisiana Superdome and often simply as the Superdome. [19]
  7. ^ Despite the Los Angeles Rams and Rose Bowl both being in the Greater Los Angeles Area, the Rams' home stadium at the time was Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.
  8. ^ abPontiac, Michigan, is a suburb of Detroit. [24]
  9. ^ Despite the San Francisco 49ers being in the same combined statistical area as Stanford Stadium, the venue is not a home stadium to any NFL team. At the time, the 49ers played at Candlestick Park.
  10. ^ ab Both Stanford and Santa Clara are part of the San Francisco Bay Area. [28]
  11. ^ abcSDCCU Stadium was originally known as San Diego Stadium, San Diego–Jack Murphy Stadium, and Qualcomm Stadium.
  12. ^ abcdefHard Rock Stadium has also been variously known over the years as Joe Robbie Stadium, Pro Player Park, Pro Player Stadium, Dolphins Stadium (with a plural "s"), Dolphin Stadium (with no "s"), Land Shark Stadium, and Sun Life Stadium.
  13. ^ abcd Both Tempe and Glendale are suburbs of Phoenix, Arizona. [40][41]
  14. ^ abNRG Stadium was originally known as Reliant Stadium.
  15. ^ abcState Farm Stadium was originally known as University of Phoenix Stadium.
  16. ^ Unlike other Super Bowls, Super Bowl 50's official name, as designated by the NFL, uses the Arabic numeral "50" instead of the Roman numeral "L".
  17. ^ abcd Dates for future Super Bowls are tentative pending possible changes to the NFL calendar.

S Indicates a team that made the playoffs as a second-place team (rather than by winning a division).
W Indicates a team that made the playoffs as a wild card team (rather than by winning a division).

Consecutive wins

Seven franchises have won consecutive Super Bowls, one of which (Pittsburgh) has accomplished it twice:

No franchise has yet won three Super Bowls in a row. Several franchises have had eras of sustained success, nearly accomplishing a three-peat:

  • The Green Bay Packers won the first two Super Bowls, and also won the NFL Championship Game the preceding year. If the Super Bowl had been instituted that year, the Packers would have qualified and faced the Buffalo Bills of the AFL.
  • The Miami Dolphins appeared in three consecutive Super Bowls (VI, VII, and VIII) – winning the last two, and coming within one win of three consecutive Super Bowl titles.
  • The Dallas Cowboys won two consecutive Super Bowls (XXVII and XXVIII) the following season they were eliminated in the NFC Championship Game, two wins short of a three-peat, by the eventual Super Bowl XXIX champion San Francisco 49ers. The Cowboys won Super Bowl XXX the following year for three wins in four seasons, and thus were two wins away from four consecutive Super Bowl titles.
  • The New England Patriots won Super Bowls XLIX, LI, and LIII for three wins in five seasons. They also appeared in and lost Super Bowl LII to the Philadelphia Eagles following the 2017 season, giving them four Super Bowl appearances in five years and putting them one win away from three consecutive Super Bowl titles. Moreover, in the intervening year, were eliminated in the AFC Championship Game by the eventual Super Bowl 50 champion Denver Broncos. In total, then, the Patriots were three wins away from five consecutive Super Bowl titles.
  • The Pittsburgh Steelers won two consecutive Super Bowls (IX and X) the following season they were eliminated in the AFC Championship Game, two wins short of a three-peat, by the eventual Super Bowl XI champion Oakland Raiders. They also won two more consecutive Super Bowls (XIII and XIV) for four wins in six seasons.
  • The San Francisco 49ers won two consecutive Super Bowls (XXIII and XXIV) the following season they were eliminated in the NFC Championship Game, two wins short of a three-peat, by the eventual Super Bowl XXV champion New York Giants.

Consecutive losses

Three franchises have lost consecutive Super Bowls:

    (4) (Super Bowls XXV, XXVI, XXVII, and XXVIII) – The only team to appear in four straight Super Bowls they lost in all four appearances. (2) (VIII and IX) – They also lost Super Bowl XI, and were knocked out of the 1975–76 playoffs by the eventual Super Bowl X losers, the Dallas Cowboys, for three losses in four seasons. (2) (XXI and XXII) – They also lost Super Bowl XXIV, but did not qualify for the 1988–89 playoffs for Super Bowl XXIII for three losses in four seasons. [n 1]

Consecutive appearances

The Buffalo Bills have the most consecutive appearances with four from 1990 to 1993. The Miami Dolphins (1971–1973) and New England Patriots (2016–2018) are the only other teams to have at least three consecutive appearances. All three teams with three or more consecutive Super Bowl appearances are in the AFC East division. Including those three, 11 teams have at least two consecutive appearances. The Dallas Cowboys are the only team with three separate streaks (1970–1971, 1977–1978, and 1992–1993). The Green Bay Packers, Pittsburgh Steelers, Denver Broncos, [n 1] and New England Patriots have each had two separate consecutive appearances. The Kansas City Chiefs are the most recent team to appear in consecutive Super Bowls playing in Super Bowl LIV and Super Bowl LV. The full listing of teams with consecutive appearances is below in order of first occurrence winning games are in bold:

    (twice: Super Bowls I and II XXXI and XXXII) (thrice: V and VI XII and XIII XXVII and XXVIII) (VI, VII, and VIII) (VIII and IX) (twice: IX and X XIII and XIV) (XVII and XVIII) (twice: XXI and XXII XXXII and XXXIII) [n 1] (XXIII and XXIV) (XXV, XXVI, XXVII, and XXVIII)
  • New England Patriots (twice: XXXVIII and XXXIX LI, LII, and LIII) (XLVIII and XLIX) (LIV and LV)

Super Bowl rematches

The following teams have faced each other more than once in the Super Bowl: [n 2]

  • 3 times – Pittsburgh Steelers (1975: Super Bowl X and 1978: XIII) vs. Dallas Cowboys (1995: XXX) see also Cowboys–Steelers rivalry
  • 2 times – Miami Dolphins (1972: VII) vs. Washington Redskins (1982: XVII)
  • 2 times – San Francisco 49ers (1981: XVI and 1988: XXIII) vs. Cincinnati Bengals
  • 2 times – Dallas Cowboys (1992: XXVII and 1993: XXVIII) vs. Buffalo Bills[n 3]
  • 2 times – New York Giants (2007: XLII and 2011: XLVI) vs. New England Patriots
  • 2 times – New England Patriots (2004: XXXIX) vs. Philadelphia Eagles (2017: LII)
  • 2 times – New England Patriots (2001: XXXVI and 2018: LIII) vs. St. Louis/Los Angeles Rams[n 4]
NFL n /NFC N teams (28–27) AFL a /AFC A teams (27–28)
NFL n /AFC A (0–1 as a "National" team, 2–1 as an "American" team) [n 5]

In the sortable table below, teams are ordered first by number of wins, and then the number of appearances, and finally precedence is given to the first team to achieve this record.

Team Wins Losses Win
Points for Points against Appearances Seasons (champions in bold)
Boston / New England Patriots A 6 5 .545 246 282 11 1985 A , 1996 A , 2001 A , 2003 A , 2004 A , 2007 A , 2011 A , 2014 A , 2016 A , 2017 A , 2018 A
Pittsburgh Steelers A [n 5] 6 2 .750 193 164 8 1974 A , 1975 A , 1978 A , 1979 A , 1995 A , 2005 A , 2008 A , 2010 A
Dallas Cowboys N 5 3 .625 221 132 8 1970 N , 1971 N , 1975 N , 1977 N , 1978 N , 1992 N , 1993 N , 1995 N
San Francisco 49ers N 5 2 .714 239 154 7 1981 N , 1984 N , 1988 N , 1989 N , 1994 N , 2012 N , 2019 N
Green Bay Packers nN 4 1 .800 158 101 5 1966 n , 1967 n , 1996 N , 1997 N , 2010 N
New York Giants N 4 1 .800 104 104 5 1986 N , 1990 N , 2000 N , 2007 N , 2011 N
Denver Broncos A 3 5 .375 147 259 8 1977 A , 1986 A , 1987 A , 1989 A , 1997 A , 1998 A , 2013 A , 2015 A
Washington Redskins / Football Team N 3 2 .600 122 103 5 1972 N , 1982 N , 1983 N , 1987 N , 1991 N
Oakland / Los Angeles / Las Vegas Raiders aA 3 2 .600 132 114 5 1967 a , 1976 A , 1980 A , 1983 A , 2002 A
Miami Dolphins A 2 3 .400 74 103 5 1971 A , 1972 A , 1973 A , 1982 A , 1984 A
Baltimore / Indianapolis Colts nA [n 5] 2 2 .500 69 77 4 1968 n , 1970 A , 2006 A , 2009 A
Kansas City Chiefs a A 2 2 .500 73 93 4 1966 a , 1969 a , 2019 A , 2020 A
Baltimore Ravens A [n 6] 2 0 1.000 68 38 2 2000 A , 2012 A
Tampa Bay Buccaneers N [app 1] 2 0 1.000 79 30 2 2002 N , 2020 N
St. Louis / Los Angeles Rams N 1 3 .250 62 80 4 1979 N , 1999 N , 2001 N , 2018 N
Seattle Seahawks N [app 1] 1 2 .333 77 57 3 2005 N , 2013 N , 2014 N
Philadelphia Eagles N 1 2 .333 72 84 3 1980 N , 2004 N , 2017 N
Chicago Bears N 1 1 .500 63 39 2 1985 N , 2006 N
New York Jets a 1 0 1.000 16 7 1 1968 a
New Orleans Saints N 1 0 1.000 31 17 1 2009 N
Minnesota Vikings nN 0 4 .000 34 95 4 1969 n , 1973 N , 1974 N , 1976 N
Buffalo Bills A 0 4 .000 73 139 4 1990 A , 1991 A , 1992 A , 1993 A
Cincinnati Bengals A 0 2 .000 37 46 2 1981 A , 1988 A
Carolina Panthers N 0 2 .000 39 56 2 2003 N , 2015 N
Atlanta Falcons N 0 2 .000 47 68 2 1998 N , 2016 N
San Diego / Los Angeles Chargers A 0 1 .000 26 49 1 1994 A
Houston Oilers / Tennessee Oilers / Titans A 0 1 .000 16 23 1 1999 A
St. Louis / Phoenix / Arizona Cardinals N 0 1 .000 23 27 1 2008 N
Cleveland Browns A [n 6] [n 5] 0 0 0 0 0 none
Detroit Lions N 0 0 0 0 0 none
Houston Texans A 0 0 0 0 0 none
Jacksonville Jaguars A 0 0 0 0 0 none

  1. ^ ab The Seahawks and Buccaneers each began play in 1976. For scheduling purposes, the Seahawks were placed in the NFC and the Buccaneers were placed in the AFC for their first year of play. In 1977, the two teams switched conferences, placing the Seahawks in the AFC and the Buccaneers in the NFC. In 2002, the Seahawks returned to the NFC. Neither the Seahawks nor Buccaneers have played in the Super Bowl representing the AFC.

Teams with no Super Bowl appearances

Four current teams have never reached the Super Bowl. Two of them held NFL league championships prior to Super Bowl I in the 1966 NFL season: [n 7]

    – NFL champions four times in 1950, 1954, 1955, and 1964 appeared in seven other NFL Championship Games in 1951, 1952, 1953, 1957, 1965, 1968, and 1969 and appeared in three AFC Championship Games in the 1986, 1987, and 1989 seasons. [83] The Browns are officially viewed as one continuous franchise that began in 1946 as a member of the All-America Football Conference, joined the NFL in 1950, suspended operations after 1995, and resumed play in 1999. [84][n 6] The Baltimore Ravens were established in 1996 as an expansion team with former Browns personnel, and have since won two Super Bowls as a separate franchise (XXXV and XLVII). [85] – NFL champions four times in 1935, 1952, 1953, and 1957 appeared in one other NFL Championship Game in 1954 and appeared in one NFC Championship Game in the 1991 season. [86] – 1995expansion team AFC Championship Game appearances in the 1996, 1999, and 2017 seasons. [87] – 2002expansion team Divisional Round appearances in the 2011, 2012, 2016, and 2019 seasons. They are the only NFL team to never reach the Conference Championship Round.

Teams with long active Super Bowl appearance droughts

Although four teams have not appeared in a Super Bowl to date, there are an additional nine teams whose most recent Super Bowl appearance was before Houston joined the NFL in 2002, resulting in a longer drought.

Teams with Super Bowl appearances but no victories

Eight teams have appeared in the Super Bowl without ever winning. In descending order of number of appearances and then years since their last appearance, they are:

    (4) – appeared in Super Bowls IV, VIII, IX, and XI they won the NFL Championship in 1969, the last year before the AFL–NFL merger, but failed to win the subsequent Super Bowl. An NFL expansion team in 1961, they have no pre-Super Bowl league championships. (4) – XXV, XXVI, XXVII, and XXVIII in 1964 and 1965, they won the lasttwo AFL Championships before the first Super Bowl in 1966. (2) – XVI and XXIII an AFL expansion team in 1968, they have no pre-Super Bowl league championships. (2) – XXXVIII and 50 a post-merger expansion team, their first season was in 1995. (2) – XXXIII and LI an NFL expansion team in 1966, they have no pre-Super Bowl league championships. (1) – XXIX as the San Diego Chargers their only AFL Championship was in 1963, also as the San Diego Chargers. (1) – XXXIV they won the firsttwo AFL Championships in 1960 and 1961 as the Houston Oilers. (1) – XLIII their only uncontested NFL Championship was in 1947 as the Chicago Cardinals. They also claim the 1925 NFL Championship.
  1. ^ abcd The Broncos are the only NFL team with both consecutive wins and consecutive losses at the Super Bowl.
  2. ^ The New York Jets and Baltimore/Indianapolis Colts (Super Bowl III) is the only Super Bowl matchup that cannot be repeated under the current playoff alignment, as the Colts have since been placed in the AFC (at the time, along with all of the former AFL teams, including the Jets) as part of the AFL–NFL merger in 1970. For the same reason, it is the only Super Bowl rematch that is capable of being played in the postseason outside of the Super Bowl.
  3. ^ The Dallas Cowboys and Buffalo Bills are the only NFL teams to face each other in consecutive Super Bowls, 1992: XXVII and 1993: XXVIII.
  4. ^ This is the only rematch pairing in which one team has relocated in the interim. The Rams represented St. Louis in 2001: XXXVI and represented Los Angeles in 2018: LIII.
  5. ^ abcd Three NFL franchises, the Colts, Steelers, and Browns, were placed in the newly-formed AFC, joining the ten extant AFL franchises, when the two leagues merged in 1970. The Colts are the only team to have qualified for the Super Bowl for both the "National" and "American" sides.
  6. ^ abc Although the 1995 Cleveland Browns became the 1996 Baltimore Ravens, the Browns' name, brand and history remained in Cleveland and was continued by the 1999 Cleveland Browns the Ravens, for historical purposes, are considered a separate franchise.
  7. ^Detroit, Houston, and Jacksonville have all hosted Super Bowls, making Cleveland the only current NFL city that has neither hosted nor had its team play in a Super Bowl.
  8. ^ The Jets and the Chiefs are the only non-NFL teams to win the Super Bowl, both being members of the now-defunct AFL at the time. The Jets have not appeared in the Super Bowl since joining the NFL following the AFL–NFL merger in 1970.
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