Information

19 June 1942


19 June 1942

June

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Diplomacy

Churchill and Roosevelt discuss the atomic bomb and the plans for a second front

Pacific

Rear Admiral Robert L. Ghormley reaches New Zealand to take up his role as Commander of US Naval Forces in the South Pacific (COMSOPAC)



Battle of Midway Facts

A photo of the Midway Atoll prior to the Battle of Midway.

Credit: National Archives (80-G-451086)

A photo of Japanese aircraft attacking and bombing the Midway Atoll.

Credit: National Archives (80-G-701852)

A photo of Japanese and American aircraft fighting in the air.

Credit: National Archives (80-G-701874)

A photo of the United States aircraft carrier Yorktown sinking.

Credit: Naval History & Heritage Command

A photo of the Japanese aircraft carrier Hiryu after being attacked.

Credit: Naval History & Heritage Command

A photo of the Japanese heavy cruiser Mikuma after being attacked.

Credit: Naval History & Heritage Command


The Alvin Sun (Alvin, Tex.), Vol. 52, No. 47, Ed. 1 Friday, June 19, 1942

Weekly newspaper from Alvin, Texas that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.

Physical Description

eight pages : ill. page 20 x 13 in. Digitized from 16 mm. microfilm.

Creation Information

Context

This newspaper is part of the collection entitled: Brazoria County Area Newspapers and was provided by the Alvin Community College to The Portal to Texas History, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. More information about this issue can be viewed below.

People and organizations associated with either the creation of this newspaper or its content.

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Check out our Resources for Educators Site! We've identified this newspaper as a primary source within our collections. Researchers, educators, and students may find this issue useful in their work.

Provided By

Alvin Community College

Situated in Alvin, Texas, Alvin Community College (ACC) was established in 1948 as Alvin Junior College. ACC is a public community college that provides educational opportunities in workforce training, academics, technical fields, adult basic education, and personal development.

Contact Us

Descriptive information to help identify this newspaper. Follow the links below to find similar items on the Portal.

Titles

  • Main Title: The Alvin Sun (Alvin, Tex.), Vol. 52, No. 47, Ed. 1 Friday, June 19, 1942
  • Serial Title:The Alvin Sun
  • Added Title: The Alvin Sun and News

Description

Weekly newspaper from Alvin, Texas that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.

Physical Description

eight pages : ill. page 20 x 13 in. Digitized from 16 mm. microfilm.

Notes

Subjects

Library of Congress Subject Headings

University of North Texas Libraries Browse Structure

Language

Item Type

Identifier

Unique identifying numbers for this issue in the Portal or other systems.

  • Library of Congress Control Number: sn84006908
  • OCLC: 11098054 | External Link
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metapth1251968

Publication Information

  • Volume: 52
  • Issue: 47
  • Edition: 1

Collections

This issue is part of the following collections of related materials.

Brazoria County Area Newspapers

Situated in the Gulf Coast region of Texas, Brazoria County has seen publication of some of the earliest newspapers published in Texas. One of the earliest titles in this collection, the Texas Gazette and Brazoria Commercial Advertiser, began publication in 1832 and documents Texas' history when it was still a part of the United Mexican States, in the state of Coahuila y Tejas.

Tocker Foundation Grant

Collections funded by the Tocker Foundation, which distributes funds principally for the support, encouragement, and assistance to small rural libraries in Texas.

Texas Digital Newspaper Program

The Texas Digital Newspaper Program (TDNP) partners with communities, publishers, and institutions to promote standards-based digitization of Texas newspapers and to make them freely accessible.


  • Past Observed Weather
  • 24 Hour Summary
  • CoCoRaHS
  • Historical Records
  • Past Rainfall
  • Snowfall Records
  • Drought Outlook
  • Climate Prediction
  • Lake Effect Page
  • Winter Season Summaries
  • Cooperative Observer Data

Western New York Weather History

A Heavy rain and windstorm occurred in Buffalo. This shower came from the west and 0.10 inch of rain fell from 6:32 to 6:37pm. This storm passed over leaving the western sky clouded with heavy cumulus, or cumulonimbus clouds. The second thunderstorm advanced rapidly and thunder was heard from 7:35 to 8:10pm, lightning flashes, and sharp peals of thunder being almost continuous during the period. The storm came from the west and the wind increased from fresh southwest to northwest at 7:50pm and a maximum velocity of 56 mph from that direction was recorded from 7:51 to 7:56pm with extreme gusts of approximately 69 mph. Rainfall was very heavy 0.62 inch falling during period indicated above. By 8:10pm, the wind had abated to about 21 mph. The maximum velocity exceeds any previous velocity of record for the summer months, at this station. Many valuable trees were blown down, streetcar traffic stopped by broken wires, or obstructing trunks of trees. Police and fire telegraph systems suffered considerable damage, and many telephones were put out of use, signs and plate glass windows were broken in all parts of the city. A church on East Ferry street, in course of erection, was blown down. Two boys who had sought refuge there were seriously injured by falling timbers. Basements were flooded.

Thunderstorms crossed the Niagara Peninsula during the early morning hours producing damaging winds across parts of Erie and Niagara Counties. Trees were reported downed in Kenmore and North Tonawanda. In Niagara Falls, a falling tree smashed a fence and damaged a garage.

Showers and thunderstorms developed ahead of a cold front during the late morning and early afternoon hours. The thunderstorm winds downed trees in Cato and West Monroe. In Cato, a roof was torn off a garage by the wind. Thunderstorms accompanied the passage of a cold front during the evening hours. In the town of Allegany in Cattaraugus county the thunderstorm winds downed power lines.

A cold front swept across the region triggering strong, damaging thunderstorms. The thunderstorms produced large hail in some locations and strong winds downed trees and power lines throughout the region. Damage was reported in Randolph, Napoli, East Aurora, Yorkshire, Gainesville, Byron, Almond, Retsof, Rochester, Sinclairville, Macedon, Cato, Pulaski, Sandy Creek, Brockport, Evans Mills, Turin, Orchard Park, Niagara Falls, Arcade, Westfield, Amherst, Medina, Oakfield, Avon, Walworth, Hannibal, and Watertown. Fallen trees damaged homes and automobiles in Lockport, Brighton, and Rochester. Power utilities reported upwards of 20,000 custormers without power. Lightning ignited a house fire in Orchard Park with damage estimated near $20,000. In the Town of Aurora, a barn filled with hay burned to the ground after being struck by lightning. In Brighton, a motorist was injured when a tree fell on her car near Ellison Park. In Rochester, a man was killed while riding an ATV through a wooded area behind a cemetery when strong winds brought down a tree on top of him.


Coronavirus Evolution

Scientists first identified a human coronavirus in 1965. It caused a common cold. Later that decade, researchers found a group of similar human and animal viruses and named them after their crown-like appearance.

Seven coronaviruses can infect humans. The one that causes SARS emerged in southern China in 2002 and quickly spread to 28 other countries. More than 8,000 people were infected by July 2003, and 774 died. A small outbreak in 2004 involved only four more cases. This coronavirus causes fever, headache, and respiratory problems such as cough and shortness of breath.

MERS started in Saudi Arabia in 2012. Almost all of the nearly 2,500 cases have been in people who live in or travel to the Middle East. This coronavirus is less contagious than its SARS cousin but more deadly, killing 858 people. It has the same respiratory symptoms but can also cause kidney failure.

Sources

University of California, San Francisco: “As Coronavirus Spreads, Experts Explain When to Call a Doctor, How Testing Works, and More.”

National Public Radio: “Why They're Called 'Wet Markets' — And What Health Risks They Might Pose.”

Nature Medicine: “The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2.”

Emerging Infectious Diseases: “Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 from Patient with 2019 Novel Coronavirus Disease, United States.”

The Lancet: “Genomic characterisation and epidemiology of 2019 novel coronavirus: Implications for virus origins and receptor binding.”

CDC: “Healthcare Professionals: Frequently Asked Questions and Answers,” “Human Coronavirus Types,” “Animals and Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19).”

Science: “Cryo-EM structure of the 2019-nCoV spike in the prefusion conformation.”

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal: “History and Recent Advances in Coronavirus Discovery.”

Virology: “Bat origin of human coronaviruses.”

CDC: “Human Coronavirus Types.”

World Health Organization: “Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).”


Notable Moments in Black History 1917-1942

The Houston Mutiny and other riot erupts between Black soldiers and White citizens two Blacks and 11 Whites are killed. Twenty-nine Black soldiers are executed for participation in the riot.

Philip Randolph and Chandler Owen found The Messenger, a Black socialist magazine, in New York City.

The Supreme Court in Buchanan v. Warley strikes down the Louisville, Ky. ordinance mandating segregated neighborhoods.

A race riot in Chester, Pa. claims five lives, three Blacks and two Whites.

In nearby Philadelphia, another race riot breaks out killing four, three Blacks and one White.

In Oklahoma City, a precursor to the more famous 1921 Tulsa, Oklahoma riot occurs and, as reported by the AFRO, virtually wiping out segments of that city’s Black community.

The Armistice ends World War I. However, the northern migration of African Americans continues. By 1930 there were 1,035,000 more Black Americans in the North than in 1910.

Following its revival in 1915 at Stone Mountain, Ga., the Ku Klux Klan by the beginning of 1919 is operating in 27 states. Eighty-three African Americans are lynched, among them a number of returning soldiers still in uniform.

The West Virginia State Supreme Court rules that an African American is denied equal protection under the law if his jury has no Black members.

There are 25 race riots that take place throughout the nation prompt the term, Red Summer. The largest clashes take place in Charleston, S.C. Longview, Texas Washington, D. C. Chicago, Ill. Omaha, Neb. and Elaine, Arkansas.

Claude McKay publishes If We Must Die, considered one of the first major examples of Harlem Renaissance writing.

Father Divine founds the Peace Mission Movement at his home in Sayville, New York.

South Dakota resident Oscar Micheaux releases his first film, “The Homesteader,” in Chicago. Over the next four decades Micheaux will produce and direct 24 silent films and 19 sound films, making him the most prolific Black filmmaker of the 20th century.

Zeta Phi Beta Sorority is founded at Howard University.

The decade of the 1920s witnesses the Harlem Renaissance, a remarkable period of creativity for Black writers, poets, and artists, including among others Claude McKay, Jean Toomer, Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston.

Andrew Rube Foster leads the effort to establish the Negro National (Baseball) League in Kansas City, Mo. Eight teams are part of the league.

The 19th Amendment to the Constitution is ratified giving all women the right to vote. Nonetheless, African-American women, like African-American men, are denied the franchise in most Southern states.

Marcus Garvey leads the first international convention of the Universal Negro Improvement Association which he calls the International Convention of Negro Peoples of the World. The meeting is held at Madison Square Garden in New York City.

Former heavyweight boxing champion Jack Johnson opens the Club Deluxe in Harlem. Two years later, gangster Owney Madden buys the club and changes its name to the Cotton Club.

“Shuffle Along” by Noble Sissle and Baltimorian Eubie Blake opens on Broadway. This is the first major play of the Harlem Renaissance.

At least 60 Blacks and 21 Whites are killed in the Tulsa Race Riot in Tulsa, Oklahoma, today referred to as ‘Black Wall Street’. The violence destroys a thriving African-American neighborhood and business district called Deep Greenwood.

Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander, University of Pennsylvania Eva B. Dykes, Radcliff and Georgiana R. Simpson, University of Chicago, become the first African-American women to earn Ph.D. degrees.

Harry Pace forms Black Swan Phonograph Corporation, the first African American-owned record company in Harlem. His artists will include Mamie and Bessie Smith.

One of the earliest exhibitions of work by African-American artists, including Henry Ossawa Tanner and Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, is held at the 135th Street branch of the New York Public Library.

Jesse Binga founds the Binga State Bank in Chicago. It will become the largest African-American bank in the nation before it collapses during the 1929 stock market crash.

W.E.B. Du Bois resigns from the NAACP in a dispute over the strategy of the organization in its campaign against racial discrimination. Roy Wilkins becomes the new editor of Crisis magazine.

After operating under a number of names, the theatre today known as the Apollo Theater opens under its current name in Harlem.

The Harlem Race Riot, a one day riot, erupts leaving two people dead.

The Michigan Chronicle is founded in Detroit by Louis E. Martin.

The Maryland Supreme Court rules in Murray v. Pearson that the University of Maryland must admit African Americans to its law school or establish a separate school for Blacks. The University of Maryland chooses to admit its first Black students.

Mary McLeod Bethune calls together the leaders of 28 national women’s organizations to found the National Council of Negro Women in New York City.

The first meeting of the National Negro Congress takes place in Chicago. Nearly 600 Black organizations are represented.

Mary McLeod Bethune is named Director of the Division of Negro Affairs, the National Youth Administration. She is the highest ranking Black official in the Roosevelt administration and leads the Black Cabinet. She is also the first Black woman to receive a presidential appointment.

Track star Jesse Owens wins four gold medals at the Berlin Olympics.

Dr. William Augustus Hinton’s book, Syphilis and Its Treatment, is the first published medical textbook written by an African American.

William H. Hastie, former advisor to President Franklin Roosevelt, is confirmed as the first Black federal judge after his appointment by Roosevelt to the federal bench in the Virgin Islands.

In October, Katherine Dunham forms the Negro Dance Group, a company of Black artists dedicated to presenting aspects of African American and African-Caribbean Dance. The company eventually becomes the Katherine Dunham Group.

Joe Louis beats Max Schmeling in a rematch of his 1936 defeat by the German boxer.

Jacob Lawrence holds his first solo exhibition at the Harlem YMCA and completes his Toussaint L’Overture series.

Crystal Bird Fauset of Philadelphia becomes the first African-American woman elected to a state legislature when she is chosen to serve in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives.

The U.S. Supreme Court in Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada rules that a state that provides in-state education for Whites must provide comparable in-state education for Blacks.

Popular contralto Marian Anderson sings at Lincoln Memorial before 75,000 people after the Daughters of the American Revolution refuse to allow her to perform at Constitution Hall.

Jane M. Bolin becomes the first African-American woman judge in the United States when she is appointed to the domestic relations court of New York City.

Hattie McDaniel receives an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress in her role in “Gone with the Wind.” She becomes the first Black actor to win an academy award.

Dr. Charles R. Drew presents his thesis, Banked Blood, at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center in New York. The thesis includes his research which reveals that plasma can replace whole blood transfusions.

Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr., is named the first African-American general in the regular army.

The NAACP Legal Defense Fund is established in New York City.

Mary Lucinda Dawson founds the National Negro Opera Company in Pittsburgh.

The U.S. Army creates the Tuskegee Air Squadron, which will soon be known as the Tuskegee Airmen.

President Franklin Roosevelt issues Executive Order 8802, desegregating war production plants and creating the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC).

The United States enters World War II following the attack on Pearl Harbor. Dorris “Dorie” Miller is later awarded the Navy Cross for his heroism during that battle.

The desperate need for factory labor to build the war machine needed to win World War II leads to an unprecedented migration of African Americans from the South to the North and West. This migration transforms American politics as Blacks increasingly vote in their new homes and put pressure on Congress to protect civil rights throughout the nation. Their activism lays much of the foundation for the national Civil Rights Movement a decade later.

While teaching at Livingstone College in North Carolina, Margaret Walker publishes the award-winning poem For My People, which she began as her master’s thesis at the University of Iowa.

The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) is founded in Chicago by James Farmer Jr., George Houser, Bernice Fisher, James Russell Robinson, Joe Guinn and Homer Jack.

The U.S. Marine Corps accepts African-American men for the first time at a segregated training facility at Camp Montford Point, N.C. They will be known as the Montford Point Marines.

Charity Adams Earley becomes the first Black woman commissioned officer in the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAACs) while serving at Fort Des Moines.

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Important Events From This day in History August 19th

Celebrating Birthdays Today
William Jefferson Clinton
Born: August 19, 1946, Hope, Arkansas
Known For : Bill Clinton was the 42nd US president, serving from 1993 to 2001. He was a popular president who was known for turning one of the largest deficits in US history into a surplus throughout presidency. He faced an impeachment in 1998 and 1999 trial for alleged perjury and obstruction of justice when questioned about an extra-marital affair but was acquitted. Prior to his two-terms as president, he was the Governor of Arkansas.

Ginger Baker
Born: Peter Edward Baker 19th August 1939 London, England
Known For : Ginger Baker is best known as the drummer for the band Cream with Jack Bruce and Eric Clapton which had significant chart success in the late 60s as a blues-rock band and supergroup selling over 35 million albums worldwide. Although they did not make many studio albums Fresh Cream, Disraeli Gears, Wheels of Fire and their final album Goodbye and four live albums during the time they were touring they were always sold out.


1942 CALENDAR WITH RUSSIAN FEDERATION HOLIDAYS ONLINE

Online Calendar is a place where you can create a calendar online for any country and for any month and year. You can either download or print these calendars. We provide 2020 holiday calendar with state and national holidays for more than twenty-five countries which includes Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Romania, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States.

In our Online calendar section, Monthly Calendar and Yearly Calendar can be generated with some very useful options. You can add 2020 - 2021 holidays of any country and the week number to your calendar while generating it. Apart from that, you have the option to choose your week starts from Sunday or Monday. In most European and Asian countries week generally starts from Monday, and in America, it is from Sunday. Here we have tried our best to provide you a simple but yet very useful calendar.

If you are looking for a calendar in PDF format then please visit our PDF calendar section, and if you want some other type of template let’s say a calendar with some blank space for everyday notes or a template having three months in one page or a calendar template having an exotic look etc. then please visit our 2020 Calendar Templates or Printable Calendar Templates section. In some cases, people want blank calendar templates where they can fill data as per their requirement, for them we have provided numbers of blank calendar templates in our Blank Calendar section. And last but not least, Photo Calendar section where you can add your own photo or any photo available in our photo gallery, in your calendar.


&ldquoBase Ball&rdquo

Occasionally, early 19th century American newspapers would mention games listed as "Bass-Ball," "Base," "Base Ball," "Base-Ball," "Goal Ball" and "Town Ball." The first known printed record of a game that was slightly different from Rounders and resembled a game closer to Baseball, is from an 1829 book called The Boy's Own Book, in which the game is referred to as "Round Ball," "Base" and "Goal Ball." A crude field diagram was included with specific locations for four stones or stakes (bases), that were arranged in a diamond. The article described how to "make an out" as well as how to get "home." The word "party" was used to describe a team, and the team at bat was called the "in-party." Each party pitched to themselves, bases were run in a clockwise direction and players could be put out by swinging and missing three pitched balls or by being hit with the ball while moving between bases.


U.S. Suicide Rates Are the Highest They've Been Since World War II

U.S. suicide rates are at their highest since World War II, according to federal data&mdashand the opioid crisis, widespread social media use and high rates of stress may be among the myriad contributing factors.

In 2017, 14 out of every 100,000 Americans died by suicide, according to a new analysis released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics. That’s a 33% increase since 1999, and the highest age-adjusted suicide rate recorded in the U.S. since 1942. (Rates were even higher during the Great Depression, hitting a century peak of 21.9 in 1932.)

&ldquoI don&rsquot think there&rsquos a one-size-fits all reason&rdquo since there&rsquos almost never a single cause of suicide, says Jill Harkavy-Friedman, vice president of research at the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, a nonprofit that supports suicide prevention research, education and policy. &ldquoI don&rsquot think there&rsquos something you can pinpoint, but I do think a period of increased stress and a lack of a sense of security may be contributing.&rdquo

It&rsquos even more difficult to assign causes to the uptick, Harkavy-Friedman says, because it&rsquos happening across diverse demographic groups. Men have historically died by suicide more frequently than women, and that&rsquos still true: As of 2017, the male suicide rate was more than three times higher than the female rate. But female suicide rates are rising more quickly&mdashby 53% since 1999, compared to 26% for men&mdashand the gap is narrowing. For both genders, suicide rates are highest among American Indians and Alaska natives, compared to other ethnicities, and when the data are broken down by age group, the most suicide deaths are reported among people ages 45 to 64&mdashbut nearly every ethnic and age group saw an increase of some size from 1999 to 2017.

Youth suicide is becoming an especially pressing problem, with rates rising more rapidly among boys and girls ages 10 to 14 than in any other age group. A separate research letter published June 18 in JAMA found that youth suicide rates are at their highest point since at least 2000.

The JAMA letter doesn&rsquot identify causes of the youth uptick, but first author Oren Miron, a research associate in biomedical informatics at Harvard Medical School, has two theories.

Opioid use, he says, has been shown to drive suicidal behavior among drug users and their children and families, and so recent high rates of drug abuse and overdose may be tied to rising suicide rates. The opioid epidemic may harm entire communities’ mental health, Miron says. “The entire community is bleeding. Kids see less of a future, they see more of their friends dying,” Miron says. “This might give us just one more reason to crack down on” substance misuse.

His second theory is that social media may be contributing to rising suicide rates, particularly for young people. “We know that now it’s used in younger ages and more intensively, and we also see some new apps that allow more anonymity, which in turn allows more bullying and more kids talking about suicide without their parents knowing,” he says. Heavy social media use may also lead to fewer meaningful in-person interactions&mdashwhich can protect against mental health issues and suicidal behavior&mdashand encourage unhealthy comparison with others.

One other possibility, says Harkavy-Friedman, is that suicide may be better reported and identified today than in years past, as people pay closer attention to mental health issues.

Though suicide is always complicated at both the individual and national levels, help is available. Experts encourage those struggling with suicidal thoughts to confide in a trusted friend or family member, speak with a health care provider, or seek care at an emergency room in cases of immediate danger.

If you or someone you know may be contemplating suicide, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 or text HOME to 741741 to reach the Crisis Text Line. In emergencies, call 911, or seek care from a local hospital or mental health provider.


Watch the video: DIE DEUTSCHE WOCHENSCHAU (January 2022).