Information

3 January 1943


3 January 1943

Eastern Front

German Army Group A begins to retreat from the Caucasus, retaining a foothold on the Taman peninsula and around Novorossiisk.

War in the Air

Eighth Air Force Heavy Bomber Mission No. 28: 85 aircraft sent to bomb St. Nazaire U-Boat base. Seven aircraft lost.

North Africa

French troops are forced to retreat from Fondouk Pass

Storm damages the port of Benghazi, restricting Montgomery's supply lines.



The history of 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment (3e REI) started on the Western Front during World War I, in November 1915, as a regimental combat team of the French Foreign Legion (RMLE). In 1919, RMLE became one of the two most awarded unit of the French Army. After WWI, the unit shipped to Morocco (North Africa) and was redesignated as the 3rd Foreign Regiment (3e RE) in November 1920 and as the 3e REI (Infantry) two years later.

Participating in the Pacification of Morocco during the period 1921-1934, the regiment became the RMLE again in 1943, during World War II, taking part in the fierce battles in France throughout the fall 1944 and spring 1945. Redesignated as the 3e REI once again in 1945, the regiment was sent to French Indochina and got involved in the First Indochina War 1946-1954. Landed in Africa in 1954, 3e REI joined the Algerian War 1954-1962.

After being stationed in Madagascar 1962-1973, the regiment moved to French Guiana (South America) and has been based there since September 1973, to maintain order in the region, to provide jungle training for the French Army and the elements of foreign armed forces, to conduct operations against illegal gold-diggers and to guard the Guiana Space Centre.

For current information about the regiment, see 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment

RMLE: Régiment de Marche 1915-1920

1914 – 1918:
World War I
– for France, World War I started on August 3
– the Foreign Legion participated in

September-November 1914:
– four regimental combat teams were established within the Foreign Legion:

  • 2nd Regimental Combat Team of 1er RE (2e Régiment de Marche du 1er Regiment Etranger, 2e RM/1er RE)
  • 3rd Regimental Combat Team of 1er RE
  • 4th Regimental Combat Team of 1er RE (Légion Garibaldienne, composed of Italian volunteers)
  • 2nd Regimental Combat Team of 2e RE (2e RM/2e RE)

– these teams were provisional units
– their task had been to fight on the Western Front of Europe
– they were composed of legionnaires and non-Legion foreign volunteers enlisted in the French Army for the war period (2e RM/1er RE, 2e RM/2e RE) or entirely of foreign volunteers (3e RM/1er RE, 4e RM/1er RE)


November 11, 1915:
Foreign Legion Regimental Combat Team (Régiment de Marche de la Légion Etrangère, RMLE) was activated
– in late 1915, only two combat teams had existed: 2e RM/1er RE and 2e RM/2e RE
– on November 11, they were consolidated into one unit, the RMLE
– RMLE received the flag of 2e RM/1er RE

1915 – 1918:
– RMLE participated in heavy fights on the Western Front
– the most significant fights took place near Somme, Champagne, Verdun and on the Hindenburg Line

May 1917:
– Lieutenant Colonel Rollet took the command of RMLE
– in the future, he will become the Father of the Legion

September 27, 1917:
– RMLE received the Légion d’Honneur (Legion of Honour) award
– Legion of Honour is the top valor award in France

November 11, 1918:
World War I ended
– an armistice with Germany was signed
– RMLE became one of the two most awarded unit of the French Army
– the regiment received 9 unit citations, mentioned in the name of the Army
– because of that, its legionnaires have been allowed to wear a double fourragère

1919:
– RMLE left Europe for Africa
– the unit was based in Tlemcen, Algeria (Nord Africa)

October 1919:
– RMLE moved to Morocco, Nord Africa
– the unit numbered around 1,000 legionnaires

November 15, 1920:
3rd Foreign Regiment
– the provisional unit became a new regular regiment
– 3rd Foreign Regiment (3e Régiment Etrangère, 3e RE)
– 3e RE’s HQ was based in Fez, Morocco

– Colonel Rollet continued as the regiment commander

  • Colonel Paul-Frédéric Rollet was a French officer
  • he served with the Legion during the 1899-1914 and 1917-1935 periods
  • before WWI, he participated in operations in Algeria, Madagascar and Morocco
  • as captain, he commanded (1909-14) one of that Mounted Companies, the Foreign Legion elite units
  • he rejoined the Legion in 1917, while taking the command of RMLE
  • in 1925, he left the then 3e REI (ex-3e RE) to command the 1er REI (today’s 1er RE)
  • in 1931, he took the command of the Foreign Legion Inspection (today’s Foreign Legion Command, COMLE)
  • General Rollet, as the very first Legion inspector changed many things within the Legion
  • he launched several new traditions, e.g. Camerone Day or a cult of Sappers-Pioneers
  • General Rollet also ordered to build the famous Foreign Legion War Memorial (1931, now placed in Aubagne) and established a home for Legion veterans
  • because of this, he has been called Father of the Legion
  • General Rollet spent 33 years in the Legion he left the Army in 1935
  • he died in Paris on April 16, 1941
  • his remains are buried at Puyloubier, the cemetery of the Legion

RMLE legionnaires during a campaign on the Western Front RMLE legionnaires after receiving awards (1916) RMLE legionnaires at Camp Dampierre, France during an exercise with Hotchkiss machine gun (1917) Colonel Rollet with the regimental flag of RMLE (1917) General Rollet. The Father of the Legion. He served 33 years in the Legion. In 1931, General Rollet became the very first Legion inspector (the head of the Legion) and changed many things within for the better. He died in 1941.

3e REI: Morocco 1920 – 1939

1920-1934:
Pacification of Morocco
– the regiment took part in the Pacification of Morocco
– the French had been involved in pacification of Morocco since the early 1900s
– Legion units had actively participated in pacification of Morocco since 1907
– in 1912, the French Protectorate in Morocco was established
– the Legion had 3 of its 4 infantry regiments of Africa based there in 1920-1940
– in 1934, the Pacification successfully ended

1921:
– operations in the Kesmat-el-Khamis and Kassiona regions

March 15, 1921:
– first KIA legionnaire
– legionnaire Kiss became the very first 3e RE legionnaire killed in action

May 6, 1922:
Battle of Tizi Adni
– firce fighting with charging bayonets
– 3e RE lost over 100 legionnaires (17 killed, 68 wounded, 18 disappeared)

June 1922:
3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment (3e Régiment Etranger d’Infanterie, 3e REI)
– in June 1922, a cavalry regiment (1er REC) was activated within the Legion
– because of that, the Legion added Infantry to the titles of its infantry regiments
– 3e RE became the 3e REI

– 3e REI consisted of 3 battalions + Mounted Company (Compgnie Montée, CM)
– CM/3e REI mounted company was activated in January 1922

– 3e REI units had been still based in Morocco
– they were stationed in Fez, Meknes, Taza and Bou Denib

1923-1925:
– operations in the northern part of French Morocco
– 3e REI (together with 2e REI) took part in

May 1923:
– operations in the Beni Bouzert region
– 2nd Battalion was involved in

April 1925 – May 1926:
Rif War
– the war had occurred since 1921 in the Spanish part of Morocco (the Rif)
– in the war, Spain fought against Riffian Berber rebels of Abd El Krim
– after having been attacked by 8,000 Riffian rebels, the French joined the war
– 3e REI (together with 2e REI + 4e REI) participated in

May 1926:
– operations in the Ain Aicha region
– 1st + 3rd Battalion (taking part in as a provisional Regimental Combat Team)
– these operations ended the Rif War

July 1926:
– fights in the Djebel Taskert
– Mounted Company was involved in

May 1, 1927:
Sappers-Pioneers Company (Compagnie de Sapeurs Pionniers, CSP) was created
– CSP/3e REI was based in Ksar es-Souk, Morocco

1927 – 1928:
– August 1927 – May 1928
:
Ziz Road (Midelt – Ksar es-Souk) construction
– 1st + 2nd Battalion + CM/3e REI participated in
– Ziz Road (+ other roads made by legionnaires) helped to the pacification

October 1927 – March 1928:
Foum Zabel Tunnel
– CSP/3e REI’s platoon was sent at Foum Zabel in the Atlas mountains, Morocco
Adjudant Michez + 3 sergeants + 38 corporals and legionnaires
– their mission had been to dig the tunnel through the solid rock
– the tunnel will be a part of the Ziz Road, constructed by legionnaires
– on March 6, 1928 CSP legionnaires finished the 62-meter long tunnel
– the famous tunnel bears the title Tunnel of Legionnaire

1929:
Battle of Ait Yacoub
– operations near El Bordj and Ait Yacoub
– June 8, a platoon of Ltn Lemarchand (6th Company) made its Camerone at Ait Yacoub
– they fought till the finish against at least 1,200 local rebels
– the whole platoon was killed

1931:
– operations in the Djebel Issaf

April 30, 1931:
– Sappers-Pioneers for the very first time in front of the parade
– a platoon of CSP/3e REI was honored to be that unit in the head of the parade
– this parade took place in Sidi Bel Abbes (100th Anniversary of the Legion)
– Pioneers paraded with their sapper attributes

1932-33:
– operations at Djebel Sagho in the Atlas mountains
– several Legion units (including 3e REI) participated in

February 24-28, 1933:
Battle of Bou Gafer
– Mounted Companies (CM) from 2e REI + 3e REI took part in
– Motorized Company (CA) from 1er REI (future CSPLE) also participated in
– the battle was part of operations in the Djebel Sagho
– Captain Faucheux, the commander of CM/3e REI, was killed
– 17 legionnaires of his unit were also killed
– a number of legionnaires from CM/2 and CA/1 were also killed

1934:
– Pacification of Morocco ended
– 3e REI lost 269 legionnaires between 1920-1934

1934 – 1939:
– after 18 years of fighting, the regiment could take a rest
– 3e REI conducted infrastructure construction missions
– its legionnaires also conducted patrols in the region

Foum Zabel – Tunnel of Legionnaire. The famous tunnel has been part of Ziz Road built by legionnaires in Morocco. The 62-meter long tunnel through the solid rock was finished in 6 months by a platoon of the CSP/3e REI sappers company. The plaque at the entrance of the tunnel states: The mountain barred the road. Nonetheless the order was given to pass. The Legion executed it. During a free time… Legionnaires washing their clothes in Fez, the then headquarters of 3e REI (1931) An officer (khaki kepi) and his NCOs from the Mounted Company of 3e REI taking a rest during a road construction, Morocco (1935) Ksar es-Souk, Morocco. The 1st Battalion/3e REI marching during a ceremony in their garisson. The battalion commander, Prince Aage, on the white horse in the left (1939) Erfoud. A legionnaire during a guard duty at the entrance of Quartier Faucheux, the then HQ of Mounted Company/3e REI (1939) Lt Colonel Prince Aage, Count of Rosenborg while commanding the 1st Battalion/3e REI (1937-40). The Prince from the Danish royal family. He served in the Legion in 1922-25 and 1935-40. The insignia of 3e REI designed in 1928. It is the very first unit badge/insignia created within the Foreign Legion. It bears a salamander, 3e REI’s Legio Patria Nostra motto (main motto of the Legion now) and the Fourragères.

3e REI: World War II 1939 – 1945

September 1, 1939:
World War II (Second World War) started
– France, including the Foreign Legion, participated in

February 24, 1940:
– a battalion was established in Fez, Morocco to fight in Finland
– the battalion consisted of legionnaires sent from 3e REI + 2e REI and 4e REI
– with a Legion battalion from Algeria, they formed a new demi-brigade
– in March 1940, the demi-brigade became the 13e DBMLE (later 13e DBLE)

February 29, 1940:
Prince Aage died

  • born 1887 in Denmark
  • member of the Danish royal family
  • in 1922, he joined the Foreign Legion
  • assigned to the Mounted Company/2e REI
  • he served there 1922-25, several times wounded
  • he joined 3e REI in 1935
  • 1st Battalion’s commander since 1937
  • he was buried in Morocco and later in 1947, in Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria
  • in 1962, his remains were brought to the Legion’s new HQ in France
  • he received the Legion of Honour award + two War Crosses + Colonial Medal

1940:
– Sappers-Pioneers Company of 3e REI was disbanded

June 22, 1940:
– Battle of France (May 10 – June 22) ended
Armistice signed by France and Nazi Germany
– for France, WWII temporarily ended

November 1940:
– Foreign Legion reorganization
– 2e REI + 4e REI amalgamated into new 2e REI

– 1st Motorized Battery of 2e REI was assigned to 3e REI
– it became Motorized Battery (Batterie Portée) of 3e REI
– it was based at Port-Lyautey

– Mounted Company/2e REI was assigned to 3rd Battalion/3e REI
– it became the 12th Mixed Mounted Company (12e Compagnie Mixte-Montée, 12e CMM)
– it was based in Ksar es-Souk

– Mounted Company/3e REI was assigned to 2nd Battalion/3e REI
– it became the 8th Mixed Mounted Company
– it was stationed in Midelt

1940-1942:
– 3e REI conducted infrastructure construction missions
– its legionnaires also participated in exercises and patrols in the region

November 1942:
British-American invasion of French North Africa (Operation Torch)
– landings in Morocco and Algeria on November 8
– all French forces in North Africa received an order to cease resistance
– on November 10, the French in North Africa joined the Allies

December 1942:
– 3e REI was composed of:

– 3e REI’ HQ had been still stationed in Fez

December 15, 1942:
3rd Foreign Infantry Regimental Combat Team (3e REIM)
– a new unit was activated
– it was composed of 3 battalions
– two battalions of 3e REI + ex-3rd Battalion, 2e REI
– 3e REIM was under the command of colonel Lambert
– it was assigned to the Provisional Moroccan Division (DMM)
– 3e REIM was sent by train to Tunisia on December 26
– its task had been to fight against the Africa Corps of Marshal Rommel

January 18-20, 1943:
– in mid January, 3e REIM replaced a battalion of 1er REI near the Oued El Kebir dam
– Oued El Kebir is situated south of the Djebel Mansour range, northern Tunisia
– on January 18, Africa Corps launched a large attack with Panzer tanks there
– 3e REIM, having no reliable anti-tank equipment, suffered heavy casualties
– the unit lost hundreds men in one day
– the fighting continued during next two days

April 1, 1943:
Autonomous Artillery Group (Groupement Autonome d’Artillerie, GAA) was established
– it was composed of the 3 motorized batteries
– two of 3 batteries had belonged to 2e REI, a unit deactivated on March 31, 1943
– GAA was administratively assigned to 3e REI and based in Fez
– GAA will be disbanded on February 15, 1944

– 3 motorized companies were attached to the 3e REI
– these were former 4th + 8th + 12th CMP of 2e REI
– CMP stands for Mixed Motorized Company (Compagnie Mixte Portée)
– they became 13th + 14th + 15th Motorized Company (CP) of 3e REI

May 1943:
– 3e REIM participated in the final offensive near Djebel Zaghouan, Tunisia
– on May 13, the Africa Corps capitulated
– 3e REIM was deactivated on May 31, 1943

June 30, 1943:
– 3e REI, as a regiment, was deactivated

– however, in Fez, a depot of 3e REI still existed there
– 3e REI’s mounted and motorized units were also still active
– its legionnaires still wore the 3e REI’s badge and Fourragères
– these units were composed of German legionnaires in the majority

July 1, 1943:
– new RMLE was created
– organized into 3 battalions
– it consisted of legionnaires from the disbanded 3e REIM, 1er REIM, 1er REI, 2e REI
– RMLE was assigned to the 5th Armored Division (5e DB)
– it became its motorized infantry regiment
– RMLE was equipped with Jeeps, GMC trucks, M3 Half-Tracks, Dodge vehicles
– the 3e REI’s regimental flag became the flag of RMLE

July 1943 – September 1944:
– RMLE made its Combat Command tactics training
– legionnaires did also familiarization with new US equipment
– RMLE participated in military exercises in Morocco and Algeria

May 1944:
– reorganization of 3e REI units in Morocco
– 12e CMM Mixed Mounted Company consolidated with the 8e CMM
– 8e CMM/3e REI was based in Khenifra, Morocco
– 3e REI’s depot in Fez was disbanded

June 1, 1944:
Mounted and Motorized Company Group (Groupement des Compagnies Montées et Portées, GCMP) was activated in Morocco
– it consisted of 3e REI’s mounted and motorized companies
– GCMP remained administratively assigned to the 3e REI
– in 1946, GCMP left 3e REI to become an independent unit – GCPLEM
– in 1947, it became the Foreign Legion Moroccan Motorized Group (GPLEM)

September 20, 1944:
– RMLE landed in France
– it was placed in the Provence region
– RMLE will participate in Liberation of France

1944-1945:
Liberation of France and fights against German forces
– French offensive started on November 15, 1945
– RMLE fought near Hericourt, Montbeliard, Belfort, Dannemarie, Colmar
– in January 1945, RMLE fought at Strasbourg, France (together with 13e DBLE)
– in late January, fights in the Colmar Pocket
– in February-April 1945, RMLE saw action in Germany and Austria
– in February 1945, RMLE helped to seize Stuttgart (together with 1er REC)
– in April 1945, RMLE fought at Mulhausen, Herrenberg, Hattingen or Mauenheim
– in May 1945, it was involved in fights in the Vorarlberg region of Austria

May 8, 1945:
World War II ended in Europe
– on May 8, Germany signed the surrender documents
– it officially ended the war in Europe
– however, the Japanese continued to fight

– RMLE lost over 1,800 of its officers, NCOs and legionnaires in 1944-45

July 1, 1945:
– RMLE became the 3e REI again
– it was based in Fez, Morocco
– in late 1945, 3e REI consisted of one battalion entirely
– GCMP group was still assigned to

September 2, 1945:
World War II ended
– on September 2, Japan finally signed the surrender documents
– it officially ended the war

3e REI‘s legionnaires during the funeral of Prince Aage (March 1940) M3 Half-tracks of RMLE parading in Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria (Legion’s main garrison) on Camerone Day (April 30, 1944) The flag of the 3e REI (RMLE) in Sainte Odile (February 10, 1945) RMLE legionnaires parading in Paris (June 1945) The insignia of RMLE (designed in 1943) and of the re-established 3e REI (distributed in 1945) with “France first” motto

3e REI: First Indochina War 1946 – 1954

1945 – 1946:
First Indochina War started
– French Indochina reffers to French colonial territories in Southeast Asia
– in Indochina, a conflict started between the French and Ho Chi Minh
– Ho Chi Minh led the Viet-Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam)
– Viet Minh was a nationalist and (later) pro-Soviet Union movement
– in September 1945, Ho Chi Minh declared independence from France for Vietnam
– clashes between French forces and the Viet Minh started
– in 1946, first Foreign Legion units landed in Indochina

January 1946:
– 3e REI (formed by an entire battalion) left Morocco for France
– it was placed in Aubagne and Carpiagne (today’s garrison of 1er REC)
– 3e REI will receive more than 2,000 of new recruits within three months
2nd Battalion was established at Carpiagne

April 1946:
– 3e REI (2 battalions) landed in Indochina
– it left France on March 31
– 1st Battalion was based at Thu Duc
– its main task had been to control Colonial Road 1 (RC1)

– in May-June, 2nd Battalion moved to the Mekong Delta, southern Vietnam
– the battalion was based near Ben Tre

June 1946:
– in May, a recently established 3rd Battalion left France
– in late June, the battalion landed in Indochina
– 3rd Battalion moved to Sadec in the Mekong Delta
– they controlled the region and protected French military convoys moving on RC1
– 3rd Battalion also conducted amphibious patrols along rivers in the Delta
– the battalion also transported troops and material in the Delta

August 1946:
– 3e REI was involved in operations in Cambodia against the Khmer partisans

December 1946:
– 1st Battalion of 3e REI moved to Haiphong, Tonkin
– Tonkin is the northernmost part of today’s Vietnam

March – June 1947:
– operations near Nam Dinh
– 1st Battalion participated in

September 1947:
– 2nd + 3rd Battalion left the Mekong Delta
– they were also based in Tonkin

October 1947:
– 2nd Battalion moved to RC4 (Monkay – Lao Kay)
– it was based near Na Cham, Dong Khe and Cao Bang
– legionnaires were protecting the French convoys
– these convoys supplied the French joint military base at Cao Bang

– 3rd Battalion was based at Gia Lam near Hanoi
– it controlled RC5 (Hanoi – Haiphong)

October – November 1947:
Operation Lea
– 2nd + 3rd Battalion were involved in

October 15, 1947:
Thu Thi outpost was attacked by the Viet Minh
– a platoon from 9th Company, 3rd Battalion, 3e REI was based there
– 7 legionnaires under the command of sergeant Pathé
– they had been resisting for several hours against roughly 100 attackers
– two legionnaires were killed and the rest heavily wounded
– nevertheless, the outpost was defended

January 1948:
– 1st Battalion was based near Bac Kan
– its task had been to control RC3 (Bac Kan – Cao Bang)

February 1948:
– 2nd Battalion was involved in fierce fighting along RC4
– it lost almost 50 legionnaires during two violent Viet-Minh attacks

April 1948:
– 2nd Battalion moved to That Khe region, still along RC4
– 3rd Battalion left the Tonkin Delta
– it was based near Dong Khe, along the RC4

April 1, 1948:
Parachute Company of 3e REI was created
– it became the very first parachute unit of the Legion
– on May 31, 1949, the company will consolidate with 1er BEP

July 25, 1948:
Battle of Phu Tong Hoa
Phu Tong Hoa was an outpost on RC3
– it was occupied by 2nd Company, 1st Battalion, 3e REI
– the company consisted of 103 men
– the outpost was attacked by three Viet Minh battalions
– the company commander Cardinal + another officer + 21 legionnaires were killed
– a half of the killed were fresh legionnaires landing in Indochina a week ago
– 34 legionnaires were seriously wounded
– the rest of legionnaires defended the outpost
– after several hours of the fierce battle, Viet Minh withdrew

October 1949:
– 1st Battalion was based at Lang Son and near Dong Khe
– it controlled RC4
– a few months later, it moved to Dong Dang (RC4)

June 1950:
– 3rd Battalion was based at Cao Bang (RC4)

September 15-18, 1950:
Battle of Dong Khe
– Dong Khe was attacked by the Viet-Minh
– two companies (5th + 6th), 2nd Battalion defended the outpost
– they were confronted with two Viet-Minh regiments
– the fights lasted two days
– the 3e REI companies were devastated
– only a few legionnaires survived

October 1950:
Battle of Route Coloniale 4 (RC4)
– it took place in the Cao Bang, Dong Khe and That Khe regions, northern Vietnam
– Viet-Minh attacks of September resulted in French decision to leave the RC4
– but the decision was delayed
– the French units leaving Cao Bang were attacked along RC4
– up to six Viet-Minh regiments were along RC4
– the enemy outnumbered five times the French
– the battle took place mainly near Dong Khe and Cao Bang
– 1er BEP + 3rd Battalion of 3e REI were involved in
– both battalions were annihilated and ceased to exist
– Major Forget, the commander of 3rd Battalion/3e REI, was killed
– Major Segrétain, the commander of 1er BEP, was also killed
– the French lost about 4,000 men in the battle
– 1er BEP became the first French parachute battalion lost in combat

November – December 1950:
– reorganization of 3e REI at Hanoi
– 3e REI was regrouped there

1951:
– 1st Battalion was based at Phu Lang Thuong, then at Dong Trieu
– its HQ was based at Dinh Bang
– 2nd Battalion’s HQ was based at Phu Luu, near Hanoi
– 1st + 2nd Battalion participated in operations in the Tonkin Delta

March 1, 1951:
– new battalions were established in Tonkin
– 1st Provisional Battalion/1er REI became the new 3rd Battalion/3e REI
– 1er REI’s battalion was formed in Algeria in December 1950
– it landed in Indochina in January 1951 and stationed in the Sept Pagodes region
– in April, 3rd Battalion/3e REI moved to the Tonkin Delta

4th + 5th Battalion were also created within the 3e REI
– they consisted of non-Legion Vietnamese volunteers and Legion cadres
– both battalions were based in the Tonkin Delta

April 1952:
Operation Turco in the Bac Ninh region
– 3rd Battalion participated in the operation
– Viet-Minh lost more than 200 soldiers

November 1952:
– 3rd Battalion moved to Na San, in the T’ai region (northwestern Vietnam)
– Na San was a French stronghold surrounded by 30 smaller armed positions
– the stronghold has also a complicated trench system, enforced with barbed wires
– the French had 11 battalions + 6 artillery batteries placed there
– they included 3rd Battalion/3e REI, 1er BEP, 2e BEP, CMLE and 5e REI

November 23 – December 2, 1952:
Battle of Na San
– Na San was attacked by three Viet-Minh divisions (9 regiments)
– after two weeks of heavy fighting, Viet-Minh lost around 3,000 soldiers
– the French win the battle, Viet-Minh was defeated

December 31, 1952:
– 4th Battalion/3e REI was assigned to the pro-French Vietnamese National Army
– it became the 74th Vietnamese Battalion (74e Bataillon Vietnamien)

March 1953:
– 2nd + 3rd Battalion deployed to Laos
– they were involved in operations in the Plaine des Jarres (Plain of Jars)
2e BEP also participated in

March 25, 1953:
Foreign Legion Heavy Mortar Company (future 1re CMMLE) was established
– the company was assigned to 2nd Battalion/3e REI

April 1953:
– 5th Battalion/3e REI was assigned to the Vietnamese National Army
– it became the 76th Vietnamese Battalion (76e Bataillon Vietnamien)

June-July 1953:
– HQ of 1st Battalion/3e REI left Dinh Bang for Bac Ninh
– 3rd Battalion left Laos in July and moved back to the Tonkin Delta

August 1953 – February 1954:
– 2nd Battalion participated in operations in several regions of Laos

September 1953:
4th Battalion was re-established at Hanoi
– around half of its men were legionnaires
– the rest were non-Legion Vietnamese volunteers
– the battalion moved to Laos in November 1953

January 1954:
– 3rd Battalion was based at Dien Bien Phu

January 31 – February 3, 1954:
– 2nd Battalion/3e REI was involved in fierce fighting
– it was attacked near Muong Khoua (or Muong Sai) in northern Laos
– 2nd Battalion lost the majority of its 325 men and ceased to exist

March 12, 1954:
2nd Battalion was re-established in Hanoi with new reinforcements
– it deployed to RC5 (Hanoi – Hai Duong)

April – May 1954:
Battle of Dien Bien Phu
– 3rd Battalion/3e REI + 1re CMMLE participated in
– 3rd Battalion hold the Isabelle strong point
– Isabelle was the last strong point fallen during the battle
– legionnaires from 13e DBLE, 2e REI, 1er BEP, 2e BEP, 1re CEPML, 1re CMMLE, 2e CMMLE also participated in
– French units taking part in the battle were devastated
– 3rd Battalion + 1re CMMLE heavy mortar company officially ceased to exist

April 21, 1954:
– 2nd Battalion lost its commander, Major Cabaribère, on the RC5 road
– Major Cabaribère survived the fighting at Muong Khoua three months ago
– he was killed during fights near Ban Yen Nhan
– his unit was attacked by two Viet-Minh battalions
– 2nd Battalion lost around 70 legionnaires during the fights
– about 70 legionnaires were wounded

June 1, 1954:
– in late May, 4th Battalion left Laos for Tonkin
– on June 1, it became the new 3rd Battalion/3e REI
– 3rd Battalion was based in the Tonkin Delta

August 1, 1954:
First Indochina War ended
– France had to leave northern Vietnam
– in 1956, French troops had to leave the entire Indochina pensisula

August 1954:
– 1st Battalion left Bac Ninh
– it was placed at outopsts alongside RC5

October 1, 1954:
– 3rd Battalion was assigned to the 13e DBLE
– it became 3rd Battalion/13e DBLE

November 1954:
– 3e REI with its two battalions left Indochina for Africa

– in Indochina, 3e REI lost 77 officers, 364 NCOs and 3396 legionnaires
– 3e REI suffered the highest losses among the Foreign Legion units

3e REI‘s Parachute Company during a ceremony in Hanoi (1948) Phu Tong Hoa. In late July 1948, the outpost placed near RC3 saw fierce fighting between a hundred of its legionnaires and Viet Minh attackers comprising three battalions. The photo was taken a few days later – the legionnaires reinforcing the outpost were housed outdoor. An outpost occupied by 3e REI legionnaires in French Indochina (1949) Dong Khe with the citadel, near RC4. The site, occupied by two companies from 2nd Battalion/3e REI, was attacked by the Viet Minh in September 1950. Only a few legionnaires survived. Next month, the site was attacked again, during the Battle of RC4. RC4 road passing the valley between Cao Bang and Dong Khe (September 1950). In a few days, the valley will see the Battle of RC4, in which the 3rd Battalion/3e REI will be destroyed. Na San stronghold reviewed by French officials, after the Battle of Na San (Nov-Dec 1952), in which 11 French battalions – including the legionnaires from 3rd Battalion/3e REI and 1er BEP – defended the outpost against 3 Viet Minh divisions. Caporal-chef A., an ancien legionnaire from 3rd Battalion/3e REI at Na San, after the battle has ended (December 1952) Bac Ninh. The guard consisting of legionnaires from 1st Battalion/3e REI is reviewed by an officer (September 1953) The insignia of 3e REI in 1946, 1948 and 1950

3e REI: Algerian War 1954 – 1962

1954 – 1955:
Algerian War started
– in North Africa, local rebels intensified military actions
– these actions took part in Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria
– they were aimed at French forces presented in these regions
– the main rebel force fighting the French was the FLN
– FLN stands for National Liberation Front
– later in 1955, that operations escalated to the Algerian War

December 1954:
– on December 15, 1954 the 3e REI landed in Africa
– it was placed in Djidjelli (HQ) and Setif, Algeria
– 3e REI conducted operations in the Aures-Nementcha region
– its main tasks had been to eliminate rebels and restore order

February 1955:
– 3e REI was based in Arris, the Aures mountains
– the regiment continued in its main tasks

July 1955:
– reorganization of 3e REI
– two Foreign Legion Task Forces (BMLE) were assigned to the regiment
– BM1LE became the 3rd Battalion of 3e REI
– BM2LE became the Provisional Battalion (BM) of 3e REI
– 4th + 6th Company received Scout cars and Half tracks
– these companies were designated as Motorized

  • HQ Company + HQ – Arris
  • 1st Battalion – Arris
  • 2nd Battalion – T’Kout
  • 3rd Battalion – Khenchela
  • Provisional Battalion – Arris

December 1, 1955:
– BM/3e REI became the 4th Battalion

January 1956:
Operation Extra Bravo in the El Ouldja region
– 3e REI participated in, together with 22e CPLE and 13e DBLE

June 30, 1956:
– 4th Battalion of 3e REI was disbanded
– its legionnaires were assigned to remaining battalions

March 1957:
– 3e REI left the Aures for the El Milia region

  • HQ Company + HQ – El Milia
  • 1st Battalion – El Hanser
  • 2nd Battalion – T’Kout
  • 3rd Battalion – Tissemirane (also known as Bou Hamama)

September 30, 1957:
3rd Battalion was disbanded
– its legionnaires were assigned to remaining battalions

1958:
– 3e REI deployed on the Algerian-Tunisian border
– the FLN rebels crossed the border to supply its fighters
– the main task for 3e REI had been to guard the border

May 1958:
– operations in the Souk Ahras region

August 1958:
– 3e REI returned on the Algerian-Tunisian border
– 3e REI was placed in the Bone and Lamy region, north-eastern Algeria
– these regions were nicknamed Bec du Canard (Duck’s Beak)
– they are situated next to the Tunisian border
– the regiment guarded alongside the mined, electrified Ligne Morice (Morice Line)
– the border line prevented Tunisian and Algerian rebels from crossing the border

October 1958:
– 3e REI was involved in heavy fights in the Soudan region
– more than 40 rebels were killed

February 1959:
– 3e REI left the Tunisian border
– it moved to the Oran region
– HQ was placed in Nazereg

June 1959:
– fights in the Champlain region
– almost 40 rebels were killed

July 1959:
Operation Etincelle
– 3e REI moved to the Hodna mountains

September 1959:
Operation Jumelles in the Kabylie region

November 1959:
Operation Emeraude
– 3e REI, 5e REI and 13e DBLE participated in

December 1959:
– 3e REI returned to the Tunisian border

April 1960:
– 3e REI launched operations in the Aures mountains
– 5e REI and 1er REC were also involved in

October 1960:
– heavy fights for 3e REI in the Kebach region
– almost 150 rebels were killed

March 1961:
Operation Dordogne in the Orleansville region

May 1961:
– 3e REI moved to the Mitidja region
– its forward operational base was in Bou Zehar
– HQ was based in Souma, at Camp Quatre Fermes

July – August 1961:
– 3e REI deployed to Tunisia
– the purpose had been to control the Bizerte-Sidi Ahmed Air Base
– on 17 August 1961, 3e REI returned to Algeria

1962:
– 3e REI was stationed in the Bou Saada and Djelfa regions
– the regiment comprised HQ + 2 task forces, each headed by an EMT
– EMT stands for Task Force General Staff (Etat-Major Tactique)

  • HQ Company + HQ – Souma
  • EMT1 – Ain Diss, near Bou Saada
  • EMT2 – Zaccar at Bordj Guyot

March 1962:
Algerian War officially ended
– Évian Accords treaty, signed on March 18, ended the Algerian War
– on July 5, Independence of Algeria was declared
– however, military operations were conducted until September 1962
– on September 25, the Algerian republic was established

– during the Algerian War, 3e REI lost 268 men

Algeria. M3 Scout Car, a U.S.-made armored car used by legionnaires from the 4th Motorized Company, 3e REI (1955) 3e REI‘s legionnaires from the 2nd Battalion patrolling in the El Hara valley, Batna region, nord-eastern Algeria (1955) Arris. The 3e REI parading during the Fourragère Day celebration (September 14, 1955) El Milia. The 3e REI, including a motorized company equipped with M3 Half-tracks, during the Camerone Day celebration in its new garisson (April 30, 1957) A 3e REI legionnaire mans a checkpoint in the Bec du Canard region on the Tunisian border (1959) A 3e REI convoy in the Bec du Canard region (1959) Two 3e REI legionnaires taking action during Operation Dordogne (March 1961) During an operation in the Mitidja region. An Englishman-like posing legionnaire from 3e REI (May 1961) The 3e REI landing in Bizerte, Tunisia to take control over the Bizerte-Sidi Ahmed Air Base (July 1961)

3e REI: Madagascar 1962 – 1973

April – August 1962:
– 3e REI was completely reorganized
– in Algeria, 3e REI was devided into two separate parts
– the first part formed a new task force of the Legion
– this task force moved to France
– the second part moved to Madagascar
– they reinforced an independent Foreign Legion battalion based there
– the reinforced battalion became the new 3e REI

May 1962:
– in Madagascar, Foreign Legion Madagascar Battalion (BLEM) changed its title
– it became the Provisional Battalion (Bataillon de Marche, BM) of 3e REI

May 13, 1962:
– 6th Company of 3e REI landed in Diego Suarez, Madagascar
– it was redesignated as the 2nd Company of BM/3e REI

June – November 1962:
– three other 3e REI companies (3rd + 4th + 5th) landed in Madagascar
– they helped to form the new 3e REI

August 1, 1962:
3rd Foreign Legion Task Force
– in Algeria, 3e BMLE was established
– 3e BMLE was formed with 3 companies of 3e REI
– HQ Company + 1st + 2nd Company of 3e REI
– 3e BMLE moved to Aubagne, France in late August
– it helped to install the Legion in France

August 23, 1962:
– new 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment was established in Madagascar
– Lt-col Mattei took the command

Armored Squadron (Escadron Blindé, EB) of 3e REI was established
– it was formed by retitling the original 3rd Company/3e REI
– EB was equipped with AM Daimler Ferret armored cars, Jeeps and Renault 4ࡪ cars

– the new 3e REI consisted of 4 combat companies + 1 squadron

1963:
– 3e REI was based:

  • HQ & Service Company (CCAS) – Diego Suarez (at Camp Mehouas)
  • 1st CompanyOrangea
  • 2nd CompanyCap Diego
  • 3rd CompanyAnkorika
  • 4th Company – Diego Suarez (Camp Lazaret)
  • Armored SquadronTanambao

– 3e REI’s main tasks in Madagascar:

  • to maintain order in the region
  • to build local infrastructure
  • to operate the CID training center

– CID stands for Landing Training Center (Centre d’Instruction au Débarquement, CID)
– CID had been an amphibious and jungle training center in 1961-1973
– it was the predecessor to today’s CEFE jungle training center based in French Guiana
– it was also the predecessor to the CECAP amphibious training center based in Djibouti
– CID was attached to the 2nd Company

– in June 1963, 3e REI started the construction of a new runway at Andrakaka
– it was the main task for the regiment up to September 1964

November 1964:
large reorganisation of 3e REI
– the regiment was reduced
– it was redesignated as an outre-mer (overseas) unit
– that means the legionnaires will serve there for a prescribed period (2 years)
1st Company + 2nd Company + Armored Squadron were disbanded
– 3rd Company left Ankorika for Tanambao
– 3rd Company was retitled and became the new 1st Company
– 4th Company left Lazaret for Sakaramy
– 4th Company became the new 2nd Company
Logistics Company (Compagnie de Base, CB) was created
– it was based at Camp Lubert, Diego Suarez
Armored Platoon (Peloton Blindé, PB) was established
– PB was based in Sakaramy together with 2nd Company

February 1966:
– 2nd Company of 3e REI deployed to the Comoro Islands
– the main purpose had been to maintain order there
– legionnaires were based in Vouvouni
– a platoon was based on the Anjouan island (Camp Hombo)
– in July, it was replaced by 1st Company (based at Moroni)

July – November 1967:
– 2nd Company left Madagascar for the Comoros
– the company will be based there permanently
– its platoons were stationed in Moroni and on the Anjouan island
– part of legionnaires were based also in Dzaoudzi (Mayotte)

November 1967:
reorganisation of 3e REI
1st Company was disbanded
1st Squadron was established
– it consisted of 2 armored + 3 motorized platoons
– the squadron was based at Sakaramy
3rd Company was re-created
– the company was based in Tanambao
– CID was attached to the 3rd Company

August 1973:
– 3e REI had to leave Madagascar for French Guiana
– reorganization of the regiment
Logistics Company was disbanded
– 2nd Company placed on the Comoros became independent
– it formed the Foreign Legion Detachment in Comoros (DLEC)
– in 1976, DLEC became the Foreign Legion Detachment in Mayotte (DLEM)

August 25, 1973:
– 3e REI left Madagascar for French Guiana

Camp Quatre Fermes. The headquarters of 3e REI based in Souma, Algeria the then regiment commander Colonel Langlois is reviewing the 6th Company (May 7, 1962). Next day, the company as the very first 3e REI unit left Algeria for Madagascar. Andrakaka. At the site, 3e REI legionnaires are executing their main task of the 1962-1964 period: the construction of a modern runway for cargo aircrafts near Diego Suarez and Cap Diego (1964) CID, Cap Diego. The amphibious and jungle training center, operated by 3e REI in 1962-1973. The predecessor to the CECAP amphibious center of Djibouti and to today’s CEFE jungle training center based in French Guiana Tanambao. The 1st Company of 3e REI marching through the entrance of their camp. In November 1967, the 1st Company was disbanded and hasn’t been re-created yet. Sakaramy. The entrance of the camp occupied by 3e REI’s 2nd Company and Armored Platoon (PB). In November 1967, the 1st Squadron was based at this camp. The Armored Platoon au complet inside the camp of Sakaramy. At that time (1966), the majority of its men were 1er REC veterans. Camp Lubert, Diego Suarez. 3e REI’s Logistics Company (CB) was based there. Camp Mehouas, Diego Suarez. 3e REI’s HQ & Service Company (CCAS) was based there. 2nd Company of 3e REI parading in Dzaoudzi, Mayotte in November 1967. Since 1976, the DLEM has been based in this town. 3e REI legionnaires singing in the cave situated near Cap Diego, during the 1969 Camerone Day (April 30, 1969). The 3e REI continued in this tradition, established by the BLEM in the 1950s. 3e REI’s Color guard parading during the 1969 Fourragère Day ceremony in Diego Suarez (September 14, 1969) A curiosity within the French Army. An AM Ferret armored car from 3e REI equipped with a 75 cannon (1969). In 1966, the then Armored Platoon commander made a special demand to equip two of his British-made Ferrets with that cannon (in addition to its original 30 Browning MG) to become more effective in combat. AM Daimler Ferrets from 1st Squadron of 3e REI during the 1971 Fourragère Day parade (September 14, 1971). These AM Ferrets were most likely the last ones used in the French Army. A 3e REI legionnaire with AA NF1 machine gun during Boomerang exercise in Madagascar (1972) Diego Suarez. 3e REI legionnaires are ready to depart for Guiana (August 25, 1973)

3e REI: French Guiana 1973 – present

September 12, 1973:
– 3e REI landed in French Guiana, South America
– the regiment consisted of: HQ Company + 1st Squadron + 3rd Company
– 3e REI was stationed at Quartier Forget, Kourou
– Kourou is located 60 km (37 miles) northwest of Cayenne, the capital

  • to maintain order in the region
  • to construct local infrastructure
  • to guard the CSG space center

Guiana Space Centre (Centre Spatial Guyanais, CSG) is France’s main spaceport
– it was built in Guiana in 1966
– CSG has been also based at Kourou

October 1973:
– 3e REI started to build the East Road (Route de l’Est)
– later, the road will become R.N. 2
– the road connects Cayenne, the capital and Saint-Georges-de-l’Oyapock (Brasilian border)
– R.N. 2 is currently the second main road in French Guiana
– the road crosses more than 90 km (60 miles) of the tropical forest
tens of legionnaires died during the works due to accidents and malaria

November 1973:
2nd Company establishment
– the men of 1st Squadron formed the new 2nd Company
– 1st Squadron was disbanded

September 1974:
Camp Szuts was built
– 3e REI started to build the camp in March 1974
– Adjudant Szuts, a 3e REI legionnaire of Hungarian origin, was killed in Algeria in 1959
– the camp will serve as a main base for the East Road construction up to 1986

May 1976:
Jungle Training Camp of 3e REI was established
– the camp was based at Crique Couyou Ouibo near Saramaka
– about 20 km (12 miles) south-west of Kourou
– the camp had served as the jungle warfare training center for 3e REI up to 1986

July 1978:
Heavy Equipment Company (Compagnie d’Equipement, CE) was established
– it consisted of heavy-duty vehicles for executing East Road construction tasks
– the company was based at Camp Szuts

October 1986:
– legionnaires completed main works on the East Road
– Heavy Equipment Company was disbanded
Recce & Support Company (Compagnie d’Eclairage et d’Appui, CEA) was established

September 1987:
Jungle Training Center (Centre d’Entraînement à la Forêt Equatoriale, CEFE) was officially activated
CEFE has been based at Camp Szuts, abandoned by the CE company in 1986
– its mission is to conduct several jungle warfare training courses
– French military personnel + legionnaires + participate in
– since 2004, military personnel from South America and Europe have been able to take part in the courses

1998:
– 3rd Company was disbanded

1999:
– CEA company was disbanded
Rotational Mixed Company (Compagnie Mixte Tournante, CMT) was established

2004:
Operation Carbet in Haiti, a country in the Caribbean
– it has been the first deployment for 3e REI since being stationed in French Guiana
– 2nd Company was involved in
– its purpose had been to restore order in Haiti

2005:
– CMT rotational company was disbanded
– CEA support company was established again

February 2007:
– 3rd Company was re-created as a rotational unit

September 2007:
– CEA became the CA (Compagnie d’Appui)

2008 – present:
Operation Harpie and Operation Titan were launched
– Operation Harpie is a joint operation, conducted by multiple military services
– its main task had been to take action against foreign illegal gold-diggers
– Operation Titan is also a joint operation conducted by combined arms
– its main task had been to guard the CSG space center

2010:
– 3rd Company became the permanent unit
4th Company (Reserve Company) was established
– it is formed with non-Legion personnel

– around 50 legionnaires have died in French Guiana since 1973

3e REI legionnaires parading in Cayenne, the capital, after their arrival in French Guiana (September 12, 1973) Camp Szuts in July 1974. Based near Regina, it served as a main operational base for the East Road construction. In 1987, the CEFE was established there. The Legion has a long tradition in breeding pets… A Sergent-chef with his small friend in his hand, during the East Road construction (1974) 3e REI legionnaires from Heavy Equipment Company (CE) during the East Road construction (1980) East Road construction passing through the deep Guiana jungle. Tens of legionnaires died during the works. Operation Carbet. Legionnaires from 2nd Company/3e REI in Haiti (2004) A 3e REI legionnaire patrolling alongside the CSG space center (2013). Guarding the Guiana space center remains the main task of Operation Titan launched in 2008 3e REI legionnaires from 2nd Company during Operation Harpie near the Brasilian border (2014). This operation has been conducted against foreign illegal gold-diggers and their equipment, deep in the Guiana rain forest. 3e REI legionnaires at the CEFE jungle training center, based at Camp Szuts An instructor from 3e REI and the participants during a training course conducted by the CEFE in French Guiana Quartier Forget, Kourou. The headquarters of 3e REI in Guiana The 2nd Company in front of their barracks inside Quartier Forget (2014) 3e REI commemorating the 100th anniversary of its creation at Quartier Forget (November 23, 2015) The flag of 3e REI with its color guard during the 2015 Bastille Day Military Parade in Paris (July 14, 2015) An Adjudant from 3e REI wearing the 3 fourragères of the regiment (July 2015) 3e REI’s insignia homologated in 1987

3e REI Regimental Flag decorations

– 3e REI has received 16 citations in the name of the Army of France
– in 2016, it remains the second most decorated flag of the French Army

– the flag of 3e REI bears these military decorations:

  • yellow-green Fourragère of Médaille militaire (Military Medal)
  • double Fourragère of Légion d’Honneur (red) and Croix de Guerre 1914-18 (War Cross, green-red)
  • Knight Cross of the Légion d’Honneur (Legion of Honour)
  • Military Medal
  • War Cross 1914-18 (9 citations/palms)
  • War Cross 1939-45 (3 citations/palms)
  • War Cross TOE – Foreign Theater Operations (4 citations/palms)
  • Mérite militaire chérifien (Military Merit Order of Sharif, very rare) from Morocco
  • Ordem Militar da Torre e Espada (Order of the Tower and Sword) from Portugal
  • Medalla de los Voluntarios Catalanes 1914-18 (Catalania Volunteer Medal)
  • Distinguished Unit Citation (Presidential today) from the USA with the blue streamer embroidered Rhine-Bavarian Alps

The awarded regimental flag of 3e REI.

For current information about the regiment, see 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment


Tuesday, January 5, 1943

In the Solomon Islands. On Guadalcanal the Japanese begin their planned withdrawal. US forces fail to take note of the evacuation. Japanese resistance on Mount Austen is maintained despite growing American pressure.

In Tunisia. British forces make small gains near Djebel Azzag, west of Mateur. The US 5th Army, under the command of General Clark, becomes operational.

On the Eastern Front. In the Caucasus the Soviets take Prokhladny. Red Army forces consolidate their gains farther north by taking Morozovsk and Tsimlyansk.


Pentagon

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Pentagon, large five-sided building in Arlington county, Virginia, near Washington, D.C., that serves as the headquarters of the U.S. Department of Defense, including all three military services—Army, Navy, and Air Force.

Constructed during 1941–43, the Pentagon was intended to consolidate the offices of the War Department, which had occupied 17 separate facilities throughout Washington. Although President Franklin D. Roosevelt initially favoured a building without windows to protect it from potential air raids, he was later convinced by building engineers that such a facility would be impractical. He eventually supported a five-sided design by George Edwin Bergstrom—though Gilmore Clarke, the chairman of the Commission of Fine Arts, whose office was charged with advising the president and Congress on federally funded artistic and public structures, criticized it as “one of the most serious and worst attacks on the plan of Washington.” The site selected was mostly a swampy wasteland whose only structure was the small, obsolete Washington Airport. In order to stabilize the area, some 5.5 million cubic yards (4.2 million cubic metres) of dirt were trucked in, and 41,492 concrete piles were set to support the building’s foundation. To protect the vista of neighbouring Arlington National Cemetery, the Pentagon’s height was strictly limited to 77 feet 3.5 inches (24 metres). With the country’s entry into World War II in December 1941, just three months after the start of construction in September, completion of the building became a national priority. More than 13,000 workers laboured day and night, and within just eight months of groundbreaking, Secretary of War Henry Stimson relocated his offices to the new facility.

At its completion at a cost of $83 million in January 1943, the Pentagon was the world’s largest office building, covering 29 acres (12 hectares)—including a 5-acre (2-hectare) central court—and containing roughly 3,700,000 square feet (344,000 square metres) of usable floor space for approximately 25,000 people. Plans to convert the building to a hospital or some other peacetime facility after the war were abandoned with the rapid onset of the Cold War, which required a high degree of military preparedness. The Pentagon remains one of the world’s largest office buildings.

Constructed of steel and reinforced concrete with some limestone facing, the structure has five floors, excluding its mezzanine and basement. It consists of five concentric pentagons, or “rings,” with 10 spokelike corridors connecting the whole. There are 17.5 miles (28 km) of corridors, but, because of its innovative construction, it is possible to walk between any two points within the building in approximately seven minutes. Several libraries serve as research facilities for the military, and these repositories subscribe to more than 1,700 periodicals in a wide variety of languages. Two cafeterias, a dining room, and seven snack bars are also located on the premises. There are 67 acres (27 hectares) of parking lots, which can accommodate about 8,700 automobiles. Bus and taxi terminals are located beneath a huge concourse containing a shopping centre for Pentagon employees. The Washington Metro subway also serves the facility, and a heliport was added in 1956.

In 2001, on the 60th anniversary of the Pentagon’s groundbreaking, five terrorists hijacked a commercial airliner and piloted it into the building during the September 11 attacks. Part of the southwest side of the building was destroyed, and 189 people, including the terrorists, were killed. The damage was largely repaired within a year.


Zephyrhills Museum of Military History

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In the early 1940s, Zephyrhills Army Airfield served as a training ground for hundreds of Army pilots during World War II.

When the airfield was built in 1942, Zephyrhills, Florida, was home to some 800 people. Over the course of the war, the population doubled as Army pilots came to the small town to train. Between January 1943 and January 1944, about 500 men from the Army’s 10th Fighter Squadron were stationed here, filling the skies with fighter aircraft that would eventually make their way to the European theater.

The airfield was used to train pilots in air defense tactics and ground intercept missions. In June 1944, the 10th Fighter Squadron supported Allied ground forces during the invasion of Normandy. Pilots trained on P-51 Mustangs, single-seat planes that served as the American military’s main fighter-bomber crafts for many years. Through the rest of that summer, the 10th squadron operated out of bases in northeast France.

After the Allies won the war, the Zephyrhills airfield and many other training facilities around the country were no longer needed. Much of the military equipment was sent to other bases and ownership of the airfield was transferred to the city. Though most of the military barracks were demolished, one infirmary building still stood on the former training ground.

But at more than 60 years old, the exterior of the building was deteriorating. In March 2015, the city government set out to renovate the historic building, which is now the Zephyrhills Museum of Military History.

Today, visitors to the museum can see period weaponry, military uniforms, wartime supplies and archival photographs. These are the treasured memories of the veterans who fought in World War II and other wars, including the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Outside the museum stands a Douglas DC-3 aircraft.

Know Before You Go

The museum is open Saturdays from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Admission is free, but donations are welcome.

Experience Florida’s Sports Coast strives to make sure every visitor experience is the best it can be by providing up-to-date information. The safety of our visitors is our highest priority and we always want you to have the resources you need to make informed travel decisions when it comes to COVID-19 (or Coronavirus).


Events of 1943 - WW2 Timeline (January 1st - December 31st, 1943)

1943 included losses for both sides but some for the Axis were not easily recoverable. One of the key disasters was the loss of the Kingdom of Italy which surrendered in September of that year. This forced the Germans to funnel more men and equipment south while also remaining attentive to developments in the East and West. The Road to Rome was open and this meant that the passage to Berlin was next in line.


There are a total of (127) Events of 1943 - WW2 Timeline (January 1st - December 31st, 1943) events in the Second World War timeline database. Entries are listed below by date-of-occurrence ascending (first-to-last). Other leading and trailing events may also be included for perspective.

Thursday, January 14th, 1943

U-boat bases at Cherbourg and Lorient are targeted by the Royal Air Force.

A Presidential directive calls for some 250 American aircraft to begin offensive actions in the Atlantic.

Allied aircraft are fitted with U-boat detecting radar systems.

Saturday, May 1st - May 31st, 1943

By the end of May, 43 U-boats are sunk to just 34 merchant vessels.

Some 33 U-boats assail an Allied convoy. However, the streamlined Allied response nets zero ship losses and fatalities. The U-boats come up empty.

Due to dwindling results, German Admiral Karl Donitz calls back his U-boats from operations in the Atlantic.

The German U-boats are unleashed once more, this time operating in substantially smaller groups.

The Allied D-Day landings in the North of France eventually render the French-German U-boat bases inoperable.

Tuesday, November 30th, 1943

The British and Americans devise Operation Argument to counter the Luftwaffe threat through a round-the-clock bombing offensive bad weather postpones any action.

The Aleutian Islands Campaign comes to a close. The Japanese invasion is ultimately repelled.

The Japanese begin to withdraw their battered army units from Guadalcanal.

A massive evacuation effort sees some 11,000 Japanese personnel moved fom Tenaro, Gaudalcanal.

Gaudalcanal officially falls to the Americans.

The last remnants of the Japanese Army on Guadalcanal is evacuated from the island.

The decision to abandon Guadalcanal is made by Japanese autorities.

American forces lay claim to Buna.

Sananada is officially in Allied hands.

The Kokoda Trail is firmly in Allied hands by this date.

Wednesday, November 10th, 1943

The combined force of US Army and Marine Corps troops numbering 35,000 personnel heads towards Betio on the Tarawa Atoll.

Saturday, November 13th, 1943

US Navy warplanes and warships begin the bombardment of Japanese positions at Makin and Tarawa in preparation for the planned amphibious assaults.

Saturday, November 20th, 1943

US Navy warplanes and warships conclude their bombardment of Japanese positions.

Saturday, November 20th, 1943

At 9:10AM, the first US Marine soldiers make it ashore at Betio during the initial amphibious landings. Nearly half are cut down in low waters by the waiting Japanese defenders.

Saturday, November 20th, 1943

US tanks and armored vehicles finally make it ashore and strengthen the US Marine presence on the beaches.

Saturday, November 20th, 1943

By the end of the first day of operations, some three US Marine battalions have made it onto the beaches.

Sunday, November 21st, 1943

Another US amphibious landing, this consisting of both Army and Marine elements, makes it to the shores on Makin.

Sunday, November 21st, 1943

US forces at Makin kill some 800 defending Japanese soldiers, leaving just a lone survivor.

Sunday, November 21st, 1943

US forces officially take Makin and give the "Makin Taken" signal.

Sunday, November 21st, 1943

US forces take Apamama after the suicide of its 22-strong Japanese garrison.

Sunday, November 21st, 1943

US forces continue their progress against the Gilberts though a dogged Japanese resistance makes for slow progress.

Monday, November 22nd, 1943

By 8PM on this date, US forces lay claim to portions of the Gilberts at its east and central regions.

Monday, November 22nd, 1943

By night time hours, the Japanese enact a counter-attack against US forces, hoping to regain lost ground and take their invaders by surprise.

Tuesday, November 23rd, 1943

The Japanese assault is repelled with a tremendous loss of life for the IJA. The dead number some 500 personnel in hours of fighting.

Tuesday, November 23rd, 1943

The final Japanese defenders at Betio capitulate.

Tuesday, November 23rd, 1943

With the fall of Betio, the Gilbert Islands are now under control of US forces.

German forces at Terek retreat.

The H2S navigation system is delivered to the RAF for installation into bombers.

Soviet generals send in the formal request for surrender of the German 6th Army at Stalingrad, a request which is formally rejected.

Soviet General Rokossovsky unleashes hell on the German 6th Army through thousands of artillery cannons and Katyusha rockets.

Tuesday, January 12th, 1943

The Soviets enact Operation Spark and cut a path through the German lines clearing a path to Leningrad. This offers the citizens of the city some much needed foot rations.

Tuesday, January 12th, 1943

Soviet troops make headway against the defensive lines at the Don River held by Hungarian and Italian troops.

Tuesday, January 12th, 1943

German Caucasus elements make it to their bridgehead over the Kuban River.

Wednesday, January 13th, 1943

German Army elements at Terek retreat to the Nagutskoye-Alexsandrovskoye position.

Thursday, January 14th, 1943

In an effort to replenish and build up their army ranks along the East Front, German Generals proposed conscription service of the Baltic people for service .

The German Panzer Corps at the Don are officially surrounded.

Tuesday, January 19th, 1943

The Soviets retake the city of Shlusselburg.

A Soviet offensive splits the German 6th Army at Stalingrad.

German forces at Armavir retreat.

German forces at Voronezh retreat.

German General Paulus formally surrenders his southern Stalingrad army to the Soviets.

Tuesday, February 2nd, 1943

The German Army north pocket at Stalingrad formally surrenders to the Soviet Army.

Tuesday, February 2nd, 1943

The liberation of Stalingrad is officially over.

Sunday, February 14th, 1943

At 4AM, elements of the 10th Panzer Division and 21st Panzer Division under General von Arnim, launch their attack at Allied forces near Sidi Bou Zid and Bir el Hafey.

Monday, February 15th, 1943

German General Erwin Rommel commences with his assault through Operation Morgenluft. His attack takes him towards Gafsa, Feriana and Thelepte.

Thursday, February 18th, 1943

General von Arnim and General Rommels forces finally meet at Kasserine.

Friday, February 19th, 1943

American armored forces hold up the German advanced at Kasserine Pass.

Saturday, February 20th, 1943

The Americans fold under the immense German assault and Kasserine Pass falls to the invaders.

Saturday, February 20th, 1943

Allied units move from Le Kef for the counter-attack.

Saturday, February 20th, 1943

The British 6th Armored Brigade moves towards Thala and Sbiba.

Saturday, February 20th, 1943

US forces move in to stop the German advance around Tebessa.

Sunday, February 21st, 1943

The German forces at Kasserine Pass under Rommel await the Allied counter-offensive that never materializes.

Monday, February 22nd, 1943

Allied forces hold the Germans in check at Sbiba, Tebessa and Thala, inflicting 2,000 German casualties and forcing Rommel to call for a retreat.

Thursday, February 25th, 1943

Kasserine is now firmly in Allied control, the Germans having retreated and Rommel's attention now elsewhere.

Thursday, February 25th, 1943

Rommel relocates his forces east and plans his defense against Montgomery and his 8th Army at the Mareth line.

Monday, March 1st - March 31st, 1943

The German battleship KMS Scharnhorst makes its way to Norway, building up the already potent German Navy force that includes the KMS Tirpitz and KMS Lutzow.

RAF Bomber Command numbers total some 950 bombers of various types. Most important are the Avro Lancasters.

For the first time, RAF bombers make use of the "Oboe" navigational aid in a large-scale operation.

Monday, March 1st - July 31st, 1943

Any further British convoy runs to Russia are postponed as supplies are funneled to other areas of the Atlantic.

RAF bombers make their most famous raid of the war to date - this through Operation Chastise - as 19 Lancasters attack the dams at Mohne, Eder, Sorpe and Schwelme supplying power to the Ruhr industrial sector. 9,000lb bouncing mines are used in the successful attack.

Tuesday, June 1st - June 30th, 1943

British and American authorities work together to formulate the Pointblank Directive - a combined air bombing campaign against the air production facilities of the German Luftwaffe.

No fewer than eight German U-Boats shadow convoy PQ17.

The Germans enact Operation Citadel - the assault on the Kursk salient. The operation begins at 4:30am but major elements are delayed until 5:00am thanks to intense artillery attacks by the prepared Russians.

Soviet Marshal-General Rokossovsky and his Central Front army engage in a counter-attack against the German offensive. The counter-attack fails but is enough to slow the German 9th Army some. A measly 6 miles of territory is gained by the Germans.

German General Hoth and his 4th Panzer Army move into the salient, covering some 20 miles of territory. Their advantage brings them near Pokrovka.

The Allied invasion fleets sail out to Sicily.

Soviet resistance to the German offensives is so intense that German General Hoth is forced to bring up his reserves and commit them to the fight. The advancing Germans are slowed evermore by the stinky Soviet defenders, also made up of deadly anti-tank teams.

Operation Husky begins. Target - German-held Sicily. Some 2,590 naval vessels take part in the invasion which encompasses two army groups of American and British forces invading at two different coasts of the island.

US 82nd Airborne Division and British 1st Airborne Division paratroopers land at strategic locations across Sicily prior to the invasion force's arrival.

15th Army Group begins their initial assault to the south.

The British 5th Division takes Cassibile.

Soviet generals Zhukov and Vassilevky are given total control of the actions in and around Kursk by Stalin himself.

The Soviet Bryansk Front northeast of Kursk moves in on German General Model's 9th Army.

The Hermann Goring Panzer Division engages the US 1st Infantry Division at Gela. US forces are assited by offshore bombardment from Royal Navy ships and repel the German attack.

The Soviets commit more tanks against Hoth and his 4th Panzer Army.

A huge battle involving more than 1,000 tanks of the German and Soviet armies duke it out near Pokrovka.

Soviet General Sokolosky moves against German Army Group Center and the 9th Army in a counter-offensive.

Adolph Hitler orders an end to Operation Citadel.

Allied airborne elements parachute into Sicily and capture key bridges. However, a German counter-attack drives back any gains of the day.

By this date, some 478,000 Allied troops have landed on Sicily.

German Paratroopers repel Allied forces from the Primasole bridge.

British and American forces finally meet at Comiso and Ragusa.

The Allies control key airfields across the island, allowing air support more resources from which to work with.

Fighting in the Kursk salient officially ends.

The Primsole bridge is recaptured from the Germans.

US General George C. Patton and his fabled 7th Army move along the west of the island at speed, claiming the Sicilian capital of Palermo in the process.

German Army forces are pushed back to their original starting positions by this date.

With Mussolini deposed back in Rome, Hitler has few options but to plan a retreat for his overwhelmed forces in Sicily. As such, he orders an official withdrawel.

44,600 Hamburg civilians are killed by RAF bomber attacks.

RAF bombers make use of "Window" foil strips to disrupt enemy tracking radars.

Soviet forces of the Steppe, Voronezh and South-West Fronts initiate a new offensive against German Army Group South just outside of the Kursk salient.

Soviet Army forces move towards Kharkov, liberating the city of Belgorod in the process.

After some time, the British finally capture the port at Catania. Though a vital and strategic victory, their advance delays the operation some.

In an attempt to cut off the retreating Germans, the US 7th Army conducts a flanking amphibious attack.

Wednesday, August 11th, 1943

The US 7th Army undertakes another amphibious jump to head off the German retreat.

Wednesday, August 11th, 1943

The evacuation of Axis forces from Sicily begins.

Thursday, August 12th, 1943

Some 100,000 Axis soldiers are successfully rescued from Sicily. The rest are captured by advancing Allied forces.

One last amphibious assault by the 7th Army is conducted. The Germans now in full retreat to the northern tip of Sicily.

With only limited-range Allied fighter escorts, the first major air raid on Schweinfurt and Regensburg is launched. The air raid consists of 230 aircraft from the 1st Bombardment Wing and 146 aircraft of the 4th Bombardment Wing.

Bad weather delays the original 5:30AM launch time of the operation.

Aircraft of the 4th Bombardment Wing take-off at 6:20AM in an effort to reach its target in daylight.

German Luftwaffe defense fighters attack the 4th Bombardment Wing formations passing over Germany.

At 11:18AM, the 1st Bombardment Wing finally takes off.

Some 250 German fighters, already alerted to the bomber group presence, are launched to repel subsequent air attacks.

Sometime between 11:46AM and 12:09M, the 4th Bomber Group makes their bombing run on targets at Regensburg.

At approximately 3:00PM, the 1st Bomber Group finally reaches its targets after incurring heavy losses from German fighters. Their bombing run ensues over Schweinfurt.

At around 4:50PM, elements of the 4th Bomber Group begin landing at their pre-determined bases in North Africa. Twenty-four aircraft from the group are noted lost.

At approximately 6:00PM, elements of the 1st Bomber Group begin landing back at their UK bases. Some 36 aircraft are missing.

The US 3rd Division gives the official "all clear" from their position in Messina. Operation Husky is a success and Sicily is firmly in Allied hands.

Kharkov is retaken by the Soviet Army.

German Army Group Center is in full retreat.

Wednesday, September 22nd, 1943

Royal Navy midget submarines attack the German battleship KMS Tirpitz. Though not sunk to action, she takes on enough damage to sideline her for six months.

Thursday, September 30th, 1943

The German Army falls as far back as the Dniepr River.

Thursday, September 30th, 1943

By this date, the Soviet Army has established no less than five bridgeheads crossing the Dniepr River, keeping the Germans at bay for the time being.

Thursday, October 14th, 1943

Some 291 USAAF bombers of the 13th Bombardment Wing are once-again launched against Schweinfurt. Though 30% of German ball-bearing production is knocked out, 60 American aircraft do not return to home bases in the UK. The high level of losses in these raids forces the USAAF to temporarily suspend long-range bombing attacks into Germany.

Thursday, November 18th, 1943

444 RAF bombs drop ordnance on the German capital of Berlin with only 9 loss to enemy fire.

Monday, November 1st - November 30th, 1943

In this month, Allies convoys in the Artic resume their activities.

Sunday, December 26th, 1943

The German battleship KMS Scharnhorst and 5 destroyers engage convoy JW55B.

Sunday, December 26th, 1943

At 7:30 PM, the KMS Scharnhorst is lost to action by Royal Navy surface warships, leaving just 36 of her crew alive.


1943: Key Dates

January 5
The SS Inspectorate of Concentration Camps establishes the Herzogenbusch concentration camp in Vught, the Netherlands. The SS will establish a transit camp (Vught) inside Herzogenbusch on January 16 and a women's concentration camp on June 12, 1943.

January 18-22
SS and police units deport approximately 6,500 Jews from the Warsaw ghetto to the Treblinka killing center, and shoot another nearly 1,400 Jews in the ghetto. Members of the Jewish Fighting Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa ZOB) resist the actions of the SS and police with armed force.

February
On December 16, 1942, Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler issued a decree for the deportation of all Roma (Gypsies) living in the Greater German Reich to a special family compound in Auschwitz-Birkenau. Under this decree, the German police authorities deport nearly 18,000 Roma to Auschwitz in February 1943.

February 5-12
German SS and police officials and their auxiliaries begin liquidating the Bialystok ghetto. They kill approximately 1,000 Jews and deport 10,000 Jews to the Treblinka killing center, where most are immediately killed.

February 6-15
In Greece, German authorities order Greek Jews in Salonika to move into a ghetto, also requiring them to wear the yellow star and adhere to a curfew.

February 16
The Inspectorate of Concentration Camps formally redesignates the prisoner-of-war camp of the Waffen-SS in Lublin as Lublin concentration camp (also known as Majdanek). During its existence both as a prisoner-of-war camp and as a concentration camp, from October 1941 to July 1944, between 80,000 and 110,000 prisoners die at Lublin/Majdanek. At least 75% of those who die at Lublin/Majdanek are Jews.

February 26
The first large transport of Roma (Gypsies) deported from the so-called Greater German Reich arrives at Auschwitz. German authorities open the Gypsy family camp BIIe at Auschwitz-Birkenau.

March 3-March 22
Bulgarian occupation authorities deport 11,343 Jews from Bulgarian-occupied Thrace, Macedonia, and Pirot to German custody. After taking custody of the Jews, the German authorities will deport them to the Treblinka 2 killing center. Almost none of them survive.

March 15
German SS, police, and military units begin the deportation of Jews from Salonika, Greece, to Auschwitz. Between March 20 and August 18, approximately 46,000 Greek Jews arrive at the Auschwitz camp complex. SS functionaries kill most of the deportees in the gas chambers at Birkenau. During the occupation of Greece, the German authorities deport and kill between 59,000 and 65,000 Greek Jews.

March 15
The SS Inspectorate of Concentration Camps opens the Riga-Kaiserwald concentration camp, near Riga, Latvia.

March 22
From March 3-March 22, Bulgarian occupation authorities deport 11,343 Jews from Bulgarian-occupied Thrace, Macedonia, and Pirot to German custody. After taking custody of the Jews, the German authorities will deport them to the Treblinka 2 killing center. Almost none of them survive.

April 4
King Boris of Bulgaria informs German diplomatic representatives that he will not deport the Jews of Sofia into German custody.

April 7
The SS shuts down the Chelmno killing center. SS Special Detachment Lange eliminates the evidence of the killings there and abandons the site four days later.

April 19-May 16
In the Warsaw ghetto uprising, Jewish fighters resist the German attempt to liquidate the ghetto. German SS and police units shoot approximately 7,000 Jews during the suppression of the uprising and deport another 7,000 of those who survive the armed revolt to Treblinka. The Operation Reinhard deportation coordination office will send approximately 42,000 surviving Warsaw ghetto residents to Lublin/Majdanek concentration camp (18,000) and to forced-labor camps for Jews at Trawniki, Poniatowa, Budzyn, Krasnik, and other locations in Lublin District in the Generalgouvernement. Some resistance fighters escape from the ghetto and join partisan groups in the forests around Warsaw. The Warsaw ghetto uprising is the first armed revolt of civilians in German-occupied Europe.

April 30
German authorities establish a “residence camp” at Bergen-Belsen for Jews suitable for prisoner exchanges with the western Allies. This camp is on a portion of an already existing prisoner-of-war camp. The SS Inspectorate of Concentration Camps later designates the “residence camp” as a concentration camp, where over 36,000 prisoners, most of them Jews, eventually die.

June
By the end of spring 1943, German SS and police and military units have killed at least 1,340,000 Jews and an undetermined number of partisans, Roma (Gypsies), and officials of the Soviet state and the Soviet Communist Party.

June 21
Reichsführer-SS (SS chief) Heinrich Himmler orders the liquidation of all ghettos of the Reichskommissariat Ostland (the Baltic States and Belorussia) and transfer of the remaining Jewish inhabitants who are able to work to concentration camps.

June 23
SS chief Heinrich Himmler orders the liquidation of remaining ghettos in the Generalgouvernement and removal of the Jews capable of work to forced-labor camps and those incapable of work to killing centers in German-occupied Poland

August 2
Jewish prisoners revolt at the Treblinka killing center. Although around 200 prisoners escape, the members of the SS Special Detachment Treblinka, with support from locally stationed German Gendarmerie and military units, capture and kill most of those who attempted to escape. SS authorities supervise a small detachment of prisoners as they dismantle the camp and remove all remaining traces of its existence. After the killing center is dismantled in November 1943, Special Detachment Treblinka personnel shoot the members of this Jewish labor detachment.

August 6-September
German authorities deport about 8,000 Vilna (Wilno Vilnius) Jews to camps in Estonia.

August 15-28
After initial agreement to deport Jews from the Romanian provinces, Wallachia and Moldavia, the government of Marshall Ion Antonescu backs away from the agreement and refuses to deport Jews from Romania to the custody of the Germans.

August 16
German SS and police units and their auxiliaries begin the final liquidation of the Bialystok ghetto. By August 21, German authorities have deported the remaining 40,000 Jews from the ghetto to killing centers or forced-labor camps in the Generalgouvernement.

September 8
Italy, Germany's Axis partner, surrenders unconditionally to the Allies. German military and police units quickly occupy northern Italy.

September 15
The SS Inspectorate of Concentration Camps opens the concentration camp Vaivara near Reval, Estonia.

September 23
SS authorities order the final deportation of Jews from the Vilna (Vilne) ghetto (located in Wilno Vilnius). SS and police units in Wilno (Vilnius) deport about 4,000 Jews to the Sobibor killing center, and transport others to Kaiserwald and Vaivara concentration camps, as well as other forced-labor camps in German-occupied Estonia and to the Kaiserwald concentration camp near Riga, Latvia. Approximately 3,000 Jews remain in forced-labor camps in or near Wilno (Vilnius).

September 20-October
Approximately 7,200 Danish Jews escape to Sweden with the help of the Danish resistance movement and many individual Danish citizens.

October
In his capacity as Higher SS and Police Leader in Trieste, Italy, to which he was appointed in September 1943, SS General Odilo Globocnik authorizes the establishment of the police transit camp and detention camp La Risiera di San Sabba in Trieste. Both both gas vans and crematoria are at the disposal of the camp authorities. At San Sabba, the SS and their auxiliaries kill approximately 3,000-5,000 people, mostly so-called “partisans” but also Jews. The camp serves mainly as a transit camp to incarcerate Jews from Trieste, northeastern Italy, and the Adriatic Coast, before deportation by the SS to Auschwitz and other concentration camps. It also functions frequently as a killing site.

October 14
Jewish prisoners at the Sobibor killing center begin an armed revolt. About 300 escape. SS functionaries and police units, with assistance from German military units, recapture about 100 and kill them. After the revolt, SS Special Detachment Sobibor supervises the dismantling of the camp.

October 15-18
German occupation authorities seize and deport 1,007 Jews in Rome and its environs. Between September 1943 and 1945, German authorities kill approximately 7,800 Italian Jews. Virtually all Italian Holocaust victims died in Auschwitz-Birkenau.

October 21-23
German authorities kill the remaining 3,000-6,000 Jews of the Minsk ghetto in mobile gas vans and in shooting operations at the Maly Trostinets killing site.

October 26
German authorities deport around 2,700 Jews from Kovno (Kaunas) to the labor camps Vaivara and Klooga, in Estonia, and to Auschwitz.

November 1
The SS Inspectorate of the Concentration Camps converts the Kovno (Kaunas Kovne) ghetto into a concentration camp (Kauen).

November 2
German authorities liquidate the Riga ghetto and shoot the remaining residents, at least 2,000 in number.

November 3
SS and police units implement Aktion Erntefest (Operation Harvest Festival), the murder of the Jewish laborers in concentration camp Lublin/Majdanek and the forced-labor camps Trawniki and Poniatowa. During Aktion Erntefest, SS and police units kill at least 42,000 Jews at Majdanek, Trawniki, and Poniatowa.

December 2
The Inspectorate of Concentration Camps redesignates the Buna subcamp of Auschwitz I as Concentration Camp Auschwitz III, or Monowitz.


3 January 1943 - History

Dailies of the 401st Squadron

Transcribed by Merle L. Choffel

Prepared by Capt. F. G. Davison

1 January 1943 - Capt. Gillespie assigned and joined Squadron as Commanding
Officer per SO 120, Par1, Hq 91st Bomb Group dated December 31, 1942. GROUND
SCHOOL: None. FLYING: None.

2 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer: Three
for 3.00 hours. FLYING: Two aircraft flew locally logging 6.00 total hours.

3 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Spotlight Trainer:
Seven for 7.00 hours.
FLYING: Mission to St. Nazaire, France.
Squadron supplied two aircraft for this mission.
A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET
431 1133 21,800 ft 5x1,000
132 Aborted

BOMBING RESULTS: Pin Point target hit by heavy pattern.
FLAK: Intense accurate in area of target.
E/A: Many vicious nose attacks. This accounted for the casualties on our
aircraft as it was hit on the bomb run. Lt. Stricker did a grand job getting his
aircraft back to England after Capt. Harris was hit, for most of his controls
were shot away.
CASUALTIES: Sgt. J. J. Zeglin , 13048011, was killed. Sgt J. C. Carteer hit
by flak in leg. Capt. W. R. Harris , pilot, hit by 20MM shell breaking his leg,
also wounded in left arm. Lt. Stricker, piece of flak in right shoulder. Lt.
Schwendiman, flak wounds in right hip. S/Sgt. DeBarbrie,
piece of flak in left calf.
CLAIMS: None. CREW CREDITED WITH SORTIE:
A/C 431: Capt. W. R. Harris, Lts T. A. Stricker, R. J. Schwendiman, T. E.
Ashinhurst T/ Sgts. W. E. Gilroy, E. Gause S/Sgts. J. J. Zeglin, C. H. Snyder,
R. A. DeBarbrie Sgt. J. O. Carter.

4 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Bomb trainer: Four
for 8.00 hours. FLYING: One aircraft 2.15 hours locally.

5 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer: Two
for 3 hours. FLYING: None.

6 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Link trainer: Ten
for 13.05 hours. Bomber code: Two for 2.00 hours. FLYING: None.

7 January 1943 - Sgt. Tilley 31097289 transferred in grade to Hq and Hq
Squadron, 1st Bomb Wing per SO 6, Par2, 1st Bomb Wing dated January 6, 1943. 1st Lt
Davison promoted to Captain and 2nd Lts. Arnkil, Carper, Frank, Freihofer and
Green appointed 1st Lts per SO 198, Par 31, Hq ETOUSA dated December 27,
1943. Cpl. Bishop 2083516 assigned and joined per SO 5, Par 1, HQ 91st Bomb Group
dated January 7, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL: Code practice: Three for 2.30 hours.
Spotlight Trainer: Twelve for 12.00 hours. FLYING: None.

8 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Code practice:
Eight for 8.00 hours. Bomb trainer: Four for 4.30 hours. FLYING: One aircraft
local flight for 2.15 hours.
Two aircraft local flight for total of
4.35 hours.
Three aircraft formation flight for 5.35
total hours.

9 January 1943 - 2nd Lts. Ashinhurst, Bamber, Barr, M. E. Brown, B. H. Brown
and Smart promoted to 1st Lts. per SO 200, Hq ETOUSA. GROUND SCHOOL: Link
trainer: Two for 2.00 hours. CODE PRACTICE: Six for 6.00 hours. FLYING: Three
aircraft flew local formation for total logged time of 8.50 hours.

10 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Link trainer: Seven
for 8.00 hours. Code check: Seven for 7.00 hours.

11 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Code check: Four
for 4.00 hours. Spotlight Trainer: Twelve for 14.00 hours. Skeet shoot: Two for
2.00 hours. FLYING: None.

12 January 1943 - Sex morality Lecture to entire personnel of Squadron.
GROUND SCHOOL: None. FLYING: None.

13 January 1943 - Capts. Swais and Eanes to SEA School per SO #9, Par 1, Hq
1st Bomb Wing, dated January 9, 1943. Sgt. Hamrick 35275442, Cpl. Dobrinski
13036754, Pfc. Sweeney 11042459, Pvt. Sullivan 1604 7423 assigned and joined
Squadron per SO #8, Par 1, Hq 91st Bomb Group January 12, 1943. Capt. Hosman
relieved of duty and assignment and transferred to Hq 91st Bomb Group dated January
13, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL: None.
FLYING: MISSION TO LILLE, FRANCE.
A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET
447 1431.5 22,900 ft 10x500
132 1432 24,000 10x500
362 Aborted
BOMBING RESULTS: Doubtful.
FLAK: Slight inaccurate.
E/A: Attacked from target area back to French Coast.
CASUALTIES: None.
CLAIMS: A/C 447, S/Sgt. R. E. Stewart FW190 probable.
CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:
A/C 447: Lts. E. F. Riley, T. A. Stricker, R. J. Schwendiman, T. E.
Ashinhurst T/Sgts. N. C. Kirk, R. G. Lee, G. L. Dobson S/Sgts.
W. F. Ward, C. H. Snyder, R. E. Stewart.
A/C #132: Lts. H. H. Beasley, B. H. Smith, M. E. Brown, C. J. Barr
T/Sgts. W. R. Taylor, W. F. Lancaster S/Sgts. O. O. Howard, R. H. Ade, J. W.
Clifton, C. J. Davis.

14 January 1943 - Capt Aycock relieved of duty and assignment and transferred
to Hq. 91st Bomb Group per SO 10, Par. 1. GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer: Four
for 7.45 hours. FLYING: One aircraft flew locally for 2.00 hours.

15 January 1943 - 2nd Lts. Dosier O-835309, Sipe O-794066, and Fountain
O-885320, assigned and joined Squadron per SO 11, Par. 5, Hq 91st Bomb Group
dated January 15, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL: Spotlight trainer:
Seven for 9.00 hours. Skeet Shoot: Eight for 16.00 hours. FLYING: Two
aircraft on local flight total time logged 4.30 hours.

16 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Link trainer: Two
for 1.45 hours. Bomb trainer: Six for 12.00 hours. FLYING: One aircraft with
crew officers flew for 1.00 hour.

17 January 1943 - 1st Lt. Buck O-727083 (Hosp.) transferred to detachment of
patients, 2nd General Hosp, APO 647, per SO #9, Par 1, Hq AAF Sta. 121 dated
January 17, 1943. T/Sgt. Quarles 14039552, (Hosp.) transferred to detachment of
patients 2nd Hospital (Evac.) APO 875, SO #9, Par 3, Hq. Station 121, dated
January 17, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer: Three for 3.30 hours. Skeet
Shoot: Twelve for 18.00 hours. FLYING: Two aircraft logged total of 4.00 hours in
local flight.

18 January 1943 - 2nd Lt. Perry O-561829 appointed 1st Lt. Per SO 3, Par 19,
ETOUSA dated January 3, 1943. Capt. Larsen O-441195 relieved from assignment
and duty and transferred to Hq. 91st Bomb Group per SO #12, Par 1, Hq. 91st
Bomb Group January 17, 1943. 1st Lt Evans O-854971 assigned and joined Squadron
per SO #12, Par 1, Hq. 91st Bomb Group Dated January 17, 1943. Pvt. Melshiondo
11032122 assigned and joined Squadron SO #14, Par 2, Hq. 91st Bomb Group dated
January 18, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer: Five for 5.30 hours. Aircraft
Recognition: Twenty for 15.00 hours. FLYING: Two aircraft flew locally for
total time of 3.45 hours.

19 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer: Two
for 2.00 hours. Aircraft Recognition: Twenty eight for 2.00 hours. Computer:
Two for 2.00 hours. Spotlight Trainer: Twelve for 12.00 hours. FLYING: Night
flying for 1.00 one aircraft with four officers and seven radiomen.

20 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: None. FLYING: Three
aircraft flew formation and gunnery mission logging total 7.30 hours.

21 January 1943 - Capt. Walker and 1st Lt. Garris reported from DS Chivenor.
T/Sgt. Harrison 34134229 (hosp) transferred from Squadron to Patients
Detachment 5th General Hospital per SO 89, Par 19, Hq. NIBS SOS ETOUSA dated January
6, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL: Code: Three for 2.30 hours. SBA: Three for 3.00 hours.
Link Trainer: Five for 6.30 hours. FLYING: One aircraft to high altitude for
3.45 hours. One aircraft flew locally for 2.00 hours.

22 January 1943 - Cpl. Hite 18056661 assigned and joined Squadron per SO 11,
Par 2, Hq AAF Station 121 dated January 22, 1943. Capts. Swais and Eanes
returned from DS to SBA School. GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer: Eight for 9.00 hours.
Aircraft Recognition: Twenty-one for 15.45 hours. FLYING: One aircraft flew at
night for 1.00 hour, two Officers and five radio-men. One aircraft flew
locally for 2.00 hours. One aircraft flew high altitude for 2.00 hours.

23 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: None.
FLYING: MISSION TO LORIENT/KEROMAN, FRANCE.
Squadron supplied four aircraft for the Mission but three aborted being 447,
362 and 070. Only 132 went over target - at 1351.5 hours, at 24,000 ft and
dropped 10x500 bombs in target area.
FLAK: Accurate intense at target.
BOMBING RESULTS: Unobserved.
E/A: Twenty to thirty attacked back over France from target and part way over
channel. Attacks vicious.
CLAIMS: None. CASUALTIES: None.
A/C 132 credited with sortie: Lts. H. H. Beasley, O. E. Diedering, H. D.
Sipe, W. H. Hylton (322nd Squadron), T/Sgts. M. L. Schaffer, J. M. Franklin,
S/Sgts. C. E. Cadle, A. T. Schippang, Sgts. E. G. Jediak, J. L. Branch.

24 January 1943 - Sgt. Sams 36276818 (Hosp) transferred from Squadron to
detachment of patients, 2nd General Hospital SO 1, Par 5, AAF Station 121, dated
January 22,1943. T Sgt Cottrell 12070405 (Hosp), S/Sgt. C. L. Moran 14039850
(Hosp), Sgt. J. O. Carter 12070504 (Hosp) relieved from duty and transferred to
detachment of patients 67th General Hospital per SO 12, Par1, Hq. AAF Station
121, dated January 23, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL: None. FLYING: One aircraft local
flight for .30 hours.

25 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Aircraft
Recognition: Forty-one for 30.45 hours. Link Trainer: Four for 5.30 hours. FLYING: Four
aircraft flew formation for 14 hours. One aircraft flew night flying for 1.00
hour, two officers and seven radio-men.

26 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer: Five
for 4.45 hours. FLYING: Five aircraft high altitude formation flight total
time logged 15.00 hours. One aircraft Gunnery mission 2.00 hours. One aircraft
local flight for 1.20 hours.

27 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Training Film: 20
for 10.00 hours.
FLYING: MISSION TO WILHELMSHAVEN, GERMANY.
First German Mission and we led the Group.
A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET
070 1135 21,000 5x1,000
431 1111.5 23,000 5x1,000
484 1130 23,000 Hung-up.
447 1110 22,500 5x1,000
132 1114 23,750 5x1,000
BOMBING RESULTS: Primary - overcast.
Secondary - docks were subjected to fair hits.
Last resort - Town of Emden - hits in town.
FLAK: Slight to moderate heavy flak, not very accurate.
E/A: 10-12 E/A along route, not many attacks.
CLAIMS: None.
CASUALTIES: None.
FOLLOWING AIRCRAFT CREDITED WITH SORTIES:
A/C 070: Capt. O. D. O&rsquoNeill, Col. S. T. Wray, Capt. R. W. Hosman, Capt. E.
R. Bush, T/Sgt. H. Goldstein, S/Sgt. W. D. King, T/Sgt. B. B. Borostowski,
S/Sgts. A. S. Youell, E. R. Lapp and Lt. W. Haynes.
A/C 431: Lts. E. F. Riley, E. E. Dosier, R. J. Schwendiman, T. E. Ashinhurst,
T/Sgt. N. C. Kirk, S/Sgt. W. F. Ward, T/Sgt. R. G. Lee,
S/Sgt. C. H. Snyder, T/Sgt. G. L. Dobson, and Sgt. J. J. Sweeney.
A/C 484: Capt. J. W. Carroll, Lts. D. H. Frank, M. E. Brown, S/Sgt. A. L.
Poston, (322nd), T/Sgts. W. R. Taylor, O. O. Howard, S/Sgt - T/ Sgt. W. R.
Lancaster, S/ Sgts. R. H. Ade, C. J. Davis, and J. W. Clifton.
A/ C 447: Capt. J. W. Eanes, Lts. B. E. Smith, Bennett (323rd), Bryant
(322nd), T/ Sgt. D. H. Smith, Sgt. F. W. Dobrinski, T/Sgt. N. L. Thompson,
S/Sgt. J. H. Sullivan, Sgt. J. D. Cagle, and Sgt. R. V. Gossage.
A/C 132: Lt H. H. Beasley piloted with crew from 323rd Squadron.

28 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Radio: Four for
4.00 hours. Training Film: Thirty four for 34.00 hours. FLYING: None.

29 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer: Five
for 4.30 hours. FLYING: Four aircraft on formation gunnery mission, total
logged time 8.00 hours.
30 January 1943 - S/Sgt. Ruppert 13044248 relieved from duty and assignment
and transferred to detachment of patients 2nd General Hospital SO # 16, Par 1,
Hq AAF Station 121 dated January 30, 1943. Sgt. Sams 36276818 relieved from
Detachment of Patients 2nd Evacuation Hospital and reassigned and joined
Squadron per SO 18, Par 3, Hq. 2nd Evac. Hosp. Dated, January 24, 1943. GROUND
SCHOOL: German Aircraft: Twenty-seven for 54 hours. Link Trainer: Two for 1.15
hours. Radio: Eight for 8.00 hours. FLYING: One aircraft local flight for 1.30
hours.

31 January 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: None. FLYING: None.

1 February 1943 - S/Sgt. C. L. Moran 14039850 transferred from detachment of
Patients, 67th General Hospital to Squadron per SO 25, Par 1, Hq 67th General
Hospital January 30,1943. GROUND SCHOOL:
Link Trainer: One for 1.00 hour. FLYING: Two aircraft flew low altitude
formation for 3.00 hours total logged time.

2 February 1943 - 1st Lt. Taylor relieved from assignment and duty and 2nd
Lt. Vallin O-562272 assigned and joined Squadron per SO 19, Par #3, Hq. 91st
Bomb Group. GROUND SCHOOL: None. FLYING: Three aircraft flew high altitude
formation bombing mission total time logged 11.00 hours. One aircraft flew locally
for 2.00 hours.

3 February 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer: Two
for 1.45 hours. FLYING: Three aircraft flew low altitude bombing mission for
total logged time of 5.30 hours.
One aircraft flew locally for 2.00 hours.

4 February 1943 - T/Sgt. Quarles 14039552 assigned and joined Squadron SO 19,
Par 3, AAF Station 121 dated February 5, 1943.
GROUND SCHOOL: None. FLYING: Three aircraft flew locally for total logged time
of 5.00 hours.
MISSION TO EMDEN, GERMANY.
Squadron supplied two aircraft for this mission.
A/C# TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET
484 1155 19,000 ft 10x500
362 1150 19,800 ft 10x500
BOMBING RESULTS: Hits in town and port area.
FLAK: Intense heavy flak at target.
E/A: 70 to 80 E/A attacked Group formation for one hour and 15 minutes.
Attacks were vicious and from all angles.
CASUALTIES: S/ Sgt. J. W. Clifton wounded in back of head and right cheek,
not seriously however.
CLAIMS: A/C 484, S/Sgt. C. J. Davis FW190.
FOLLOWING CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIE:
A/C 484: Lts. J. W. Carroll, D. H. Frank, M. E. Brown, S/Sgt. E. R. Lapp,
T/Sgt. W. R. Taylor, S/Sgt. O. O. Howard, T/Sgt. W. R. Lancaster, S/Sgts. R.
H. Ade, C. J. Davis, J. W. Clifton.
A/C 362: Lts. B. E. Smith, R. W. Freihofer, T. V. Arnkil, E. R. Bush,
S/Sgt. F. W. Dobrinski, T/Sgts. B. B. Borostowski, N. L. Thompson, S/Sgts. J.
H. Sullivan, J. F. Grimes and R. V. Gossage.

5 February 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: First Aid: 35 for
35.00 hours. Radio: Six for 6.00 hours.
FLYING: None.

6 February 1943 - 2nd Lt. John E. Howard O-885682 assigned and joined
Squadron SO 22, Par 1, Hq. 91st Bomb Group, February 7, 1943.
GROUND SCHOOL: None. FLYING: One aircraft local flight for 1.30 hours.

7 February 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer: Three
for 3.30 hours. FLYING: Two aircraft flew locally for 3.30 hours.

8 February 1943 - Sgt. Swierz 10600543 assigned and joined Squadron per SO
19, Par 4, Hq AAF Station 121, February 5, 1943. 1st Lts. Cottington O-1699025,
Wilson O-729395, 2nd Lts. Boxler O-728163, Brandenberg O-727619, Maiorca
O-729640, Dobsa O-729731, T/Sgt. B. F. Ward, S/Sgts. Narter 36304385, H. W. Brown
35255221, Allison 19002577, Scavello 11033296, Roy 31074431, Brandenburg
37114199, Blachowiak 16091613, Rekas 31112002, and Sgt. Weatherly 14020254 assigned
and joined Squadron. GROUND SCHOOL: Skeet Shoot: Eleven for 16.30 hours.
Spotlight trainer: Four for 4.00 hours. FLYING: None.

9 February 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Bomb Trainer: Four
for 8.00 hours. Interrogation of German Prisoners: 65 for 65 hours. FLYING:
None.

10 February 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Skeet Shoot: 24
for 18.00 hours. Link Trainer: Five for 5.00 hours. FLYING: Three aircraft high
altitude formation flight for total 4.00 hours.

11 February 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Camouflage: 45 for
45 hours. Link Trainer: Seven for 8.45 hours. Shadowgraph: Three for 3.00
hours. FLYING: One aircraft flew locally for 2.00 hours.

12 February 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Spotlight Trainer:
12 for 12.00 hours. FLYING: None.

13 February 1943 - 2nd Lt. Slivkoff O-729375 assigned and joined Squadron SO
25, Par 1, Hq. 91st Bomb Group dated February 15, 1943.
GROUND SCHOOL: Code: Eight for 8.00 hours. Radio Maintenance: Eight for 16.00
hours. Bomb Trainer: Three for 3.00 hours. Link Trainer: One for .45 hour.

14 February 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: None.
FLYING: MISSION TO HAMM, GERMANY.
Squadron supplied five aircraft all credited with sorties as entire raid
formation turned back due to weather conditions.
FLAK: Slight inaccurate heavy flak experienced while over enemy territory.
E/A: None.
CASUALTIES: None.
CLAIMS: None.
FOLLOWINGS CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:
A/C 070: Capt. O. D. O&rsquoNeill, Lts. D. H. Frank, E. M. Carmichael, E. R. Bush,
T/Sgts. H. Goldstein, B. B. Borostowski, S/Sgts. W. D. King, E. N. Yelle, A.
S. Youell, E. R. Lapp.
A/C 337: Lts. E. F. Riley, J. W. Wilson, R. J. Schwendiman, T. E. Ashinhurst,
T/Sgts. N. C. Kirk, R. G. Lee, G. L. Dobson, S/ Sgts. W. F. Ward, C. H.
Snyder, R. E. Stewart.
A/ C 447: Capt. J. T. Swais, Lts. H. O. Green, J. J. Bamber, T/ Sgts. W. E.
Gilroy, E. Gause, S/Sgts. A. A. Sullivan, G. Nesmeir, H. E. Fisher, R. A.
DeBarbrie.
A/C 132: Lts. J. W. Carroll, G. L. Cottington, M. E. Brown, C. Brandenburg,
T/ Sgts. W. R. Taylor, E. D. Heatherly, S/Sgts. J. W. Clifton, R. H. Ade, C. J.
Davis, J. J. Sweeney.
A/C 362: Lts. B. E. Smith, N. F. Lindsey, T. V. Arnkil, A. Dobsa, Sgt. D. H.
Smith, S/Sgt. F. W. Dobrinski, T/Sgt. N. L. Thompson, S/ Sgt. J. H. Sullivan,
T/Sgt. J. F. Grimes, S/Sgt. R. V. Gossage.

15 February 1943 - S/Sgt. O. O. Howard 18060899, (Hosp.) transferred to
Detachment of Patients, 2nd General Hospital per SO 23, Par1, Hq AAF Station 121,
February 13, 1943. Pfc. G. W. Johnson 36345018, assigned and joined Squadron per
SO 25, Par 6, Hq 91st Bomb Group, February 15, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL: Code:
Seven for 7.00 hours. Bomb Trainer: Three for 3.00 hours. Link Trainer: Eight for
8.30 hours. FLYING: None.

16 February 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: None. FLYING:
MISSION TO ST. NAZAIRE, FRANCE.
Squadron Supplied five aircraft for mission.
A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET
070 1053 24,000 ft 5x1,000
132 1049 24,000 ft 5x1,000
447 1102 23,400 ft 5x1,000
362 Aborted over enemy territory - credit allowed for mission.
337 Aborted
BOMBING RESULTS: Good, heavy pattern over target area.
FLAK: Intense heavy flak over target area, not very accurate.
E/A: Vicious attacks by thirty E/A from target to Guimgamp. Attacking from
all angles and pressed home attacks.
CASUALTIES: None.
CLAIMS: A/C 070: S/Sgt. E. N. Yelle, FW 190 Destroyed.
FOLLOWING CREWS WERE CREDITED WITH SORTIES:
A/C 070: Capts. O. D. O&rsquoNeill, C. G. Gillespie, Lts. E. M. Carmichael, E. R.
Bush, T/Sgt. H. Goldstein, S/Sgt. W. D. King, T/Sgt. B. B. Borostowski,
S/Sgts. E. N. Yelle, A. S. Youell, E. R. Sapp.
A/C 132: Lts. H. H. Beasley, N. F. Lindsey, H. D. Sipe, S/Sgt. N. A.
Crisis, T/ Sgt. M. L. Shaefer, Sgt. E. G. Jedniak, T/Sgt. J. M. Franklin, Sgt. J. L.
Branch, S/Sgts. J. D. Cagle, E. L. Creason.
A/C 447: Capt. J. T. Swais, Lts. H. O. Green, R. J. Maiorca, J. J> Bamber,
T/Sgt. W. E. Gilroy, S/Sgt. A. A. Sullivan, T/Sgt. E. Gause, S/ Sgts. G. Nesmeir,
J. J. Sweeney, R. A. DeBarbrie.
A/C 362: Lts. B. E. Smith, J. W. Wilson, T. V. Arnkil, A. Dobsa, Sgt. D. H.
Smith, S/Sgt. F. W. Dobinski, T/Sgt. N. L. Thompson, S/Sgt. J. H. Sullivan,
T/Sgt. J. F. Grimes, S/ Sgt. R. V. Gossage.

17 February 1943 - Sgt. J. O. Carter 14070504 assigned and joined Squadron,
SO 41, Par 1, Hq. 67th General Hospital. 2nd Lt. E. E. Dosier
O-885309, transferred from Squadron to destination unknown per VOCO. GROUND
SCHOOL: Shadowgraph: Three for 3.00 hours. Radio Maintenance: Eleven for 11.00
hours. Use of call signs: Eleven for 11.00 hours. Bomb Trainer: Two for 2.00
hours. FLYING: One aircraft flew locally for 2.00 hours.

18 February 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer:
Three for 2.30 hours. Skeet Shoot: Twelve for 18.00 hours. FLYING: Two aircraft
high altitude flight total logged time 5.00 hours. One aircraft, bombing mission
for 3.00 hours - five practice bombs dropped.

19 February 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Shadowgraph: Three
for 3.00 hours. FLYING: One aircraft flew locally for 1.00 hour.

20 February 1943 - Pvt. Bruno 32192716 assigned and joined Squadron SO 27,
Par 3, Hq. 91st Bomb Group dated February 20, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer:
Two for 3.00 hours. Skeet Shoot: Five for 7.30 hours. FLYING: None.

21 February 1943 - 1st Lt. Adams O726964 relieved from assignment and
transferred to Casual Pool, 12th RCD per SO 41, Par 6, Hq. 8th Bomber Command
February 19, 1943. S/ Sgt. O. O. Howard 18060899 assigned and joined per VOCO. GROUND
SCHOOL: Use of call signs: Ten for 10.00 hours. Radio Maintenance: Six for
6.00 hours. Bomb Trainer: Two for 2.00 hours. FLYING: None.

22 February 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Aircraft
Recognition: 50 for 75.00 hours. Link Trainer: Five for 4.45 hours. Use of call signs:
14 for 8.00 hours. FLYING: None.

23 February 1943 - Lt. Ryan TD to Bomb Disposal School, RAF Station Kirkham,
Per SO 45, Par 1, 1st Bomb Wing dated February 23,1943.
Sgt. Perkins to TD at #5 Radio. School, Oxford, per SO 50, Par 7, 1st Bomb Wing
dated February 21, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL: Naval Recognition: 40 for 30.00
hours. Radio Maintenance: Nine for 6.45 hours. Spotlight Trainer: Five for 5.00
hours. Link Trainer: Three for 3.00 hours. Close order Drill: Forty for 40.00
hours. FLYING: None.

24 February 1943 - T/ Sgt. Cottrell assigned and joined Squadron SO 46, Par
2, Hq. 67th General Hospital dated February 21, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL: Code: Nine
for 6.45 hours. Aircraft recognition: 36 for 18.00 hours. Close order drill:
36 for 27.00 hours. Exercise: 36 for 36 hours. FLYING: One aircraft flew
locally for 2.00 hours.

25 February 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.
GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer: One for 1,00 hour. Bomb Trainer: Two for 2.00
hours. Calisthenics: 25 for 13.30 hours. FLYING: One aircraft on high altitude
flight for 2.30 hours.

26 February 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Skeet Shooting:
Eight for 12.00 hours.
FLYING: MISSION TO WILHELMSHAVEN, GERMANY.
A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET
070 1125 25,000 ft 10x500
484 1126 24,300 ft 10x500

132 1125 25,000 ft 10x500
447 MISSING IN ACTION.
362 MISSING IN ACTION
337 ABORTED
BOMBING RESULTS: Fairly good. Heavy pattern in Target area.
FLAK: Intense but scattered not aimed at this group.
E/A: About thirty E/A seen, few encounters with this group. Were in Target
area -six JU88 - twenty-four FW190&rsquos.
CLAIMS: None.
CASUALTIES: None.
FOLLOWING CREWS WERE CREDITED WITH SORTIES:
A/C 070: Capt. O. D. O&rsquoNeill, Lts. R. W. Freihofer, E. M. Carmichael, E. R.
Bush, T/Sgt. H. Goldstein, S/Sgt. W. D. King, T/Sgt. B. B. Borostowski, S/Sgts.
E. N. Yelle, E. R. Lapp, A. S. Youell, Capt. H. B. Wesley, Observer.
A/C 484: Lts. E. F. Riley, M. E. Fountain, R. J. Schwendiman, T. E.
Ashinhurst, T/Sgt. N. C. Kirk, S/Sgt. W. F. Ward, T/Sgt. R. G. Lee, S/Sgts. C. H.
Snyder, R. E. Stewart, T/Sgt. G. L. Dobson.
A/C 132: Lts. H. H. Beasley, G. L. Cottington, H. D. Sipe, (No Bombardier.)
T/Sgt. M. L. Schaefer, Sgt. E. G. Jedniak, T/Sgt. J. M. Franklin, Sgt. J. L.
Branch, S/Sgts. E. L. Creason, J. D. Cagle.
CREWS MISSING IN ACTION:
A/C 447 - Last seen over water north of Wilhelmshaven headed back into
Germany.
Capt. J. T. Swais, Lts. H. O. Green, R. F. Bixler, S. Brandenburg, T/Sgt. W.
E. Gilroy, S/Sgt. A. A. Sullivan, T/Sgt. E. Gause, S/Sgts. G. Nesmeir, R. A.
DeBarbrie, H. E. Fisher.
A/C 362 - Last seen when it turned back just west of Frisian Islands -
believed long range T/E E/A must have shot it down over water.
Lts. B. E. Smith, T. A. Stricker, T. V. Arnkil, S/Sgt. C. L. Moran, Sgt. D.
H. Smith, S/Sgt. F. W. Dobinski, T/Sgt. B. F. Ward, S/Sgts. H. Sullivan,
R. V. Gossage, T/Sgt. J. F. Grimes.

27 February 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer: Four
for 5.15 hours. FLYING: One aircraft flew locally for 1.00 hour.
MISSION TO BREST, FRANCE.
Squadron supplied four aircraft for Mission.
A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET
070 1457 25,000 ft 5x1,000
484 1456 24,000 ft 5x1,000
337 1456 24,000 ft 5x1,000
132 1452 23,500 ft 5x1,000
RESULTS OF BOMBING: Not very successful although some fires were started in
target area.
FLAK: Intense fairly accurate heavy flak at target.
E/A: Only five FW190&rsquos seen with no combats.
CASUALTIES: None.
CLAIMS: None.
CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIE:
A/C 070: Capts. O. D. O&rsquoNeill, C. G. Gillespie, Lts. E. M. Carmichael, E. R.
Bush, T/Sgt. H. Goldstein, S/Sgt. W. D. King, T/Sgt. B. B. Borostowski,
S/Sgts. E. N. Yelle, A. S. Youell, E. R. Lapp, Brig. Gen. H. S. Mansell -
Observer.
A/C 484: Lt. E. F. Riley, Capt. D. E. Sheeler, (Gp) Lts. R. J. Schwendiman,
T. E. Ashinhurst, T/Sgt. N. C. Kirk, S/Sgt. Sanschagrin, T/Sgt. R. G. Lee,
S/Sgt. C. H. Snyder, T/Sgt. G. R. Dobson, S/Sgt. R. E. Stewart.
A/C 337: Lts. N. F. Lindsey, G. Slivkoff, R. J. Maiorca, A. Dobsa, T/Sgt. S.
Scavello, Sgt. A. T. Schippang, T/Sgt. L. J. Brandenburg, S/Sgts. J. A. Rekas,
A. J. Roy, N. A. Criscito.
A/ C 132: Lts. H. H. Beasley, O. E. Diedering, H. D. Sipe, J. J. Bamber,
T/Sgt. M. L. Schaefer, S/Sgt. J. L. Branch, T/Sgt. J. M. Franklin, S/Sgt. J.
J. Sweeney, J. D. Cagle, E. L. Creason.

28 February 1943 - Capt. W. R. Harris O436608 transferred from Squadron to
298th General Hospital per SO 30, Par 3, Hq AAF Station 121, dated February 28,
1943. GROUND SCHOOL: None. FLYING: None.

401 st DAILY REPORTS - Prepared by Capt. F. G. Davison

1 March 1943 &ndash T/Sgts. Langhofer and Pearson, S/Sgt. Saylor, Sgts. Sciarillo, Medina and Wood attached to Squadron per VOCO. Assignment of S/Sgt. Howard on February 21, 1943 confirmed by SO 41, par 5, 2 nd General Hospital , APO 647. 1 st Lt. Martin, 2 nd Lts. Stoffel, Segrest, and Coppage attached to Squadron per VOCO. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: Three aircraft flew high altitude practice bombing for 12.50 hours total time &ndash one practice bomb dropped.

2 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: None.

3 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer: Three for 5.00 hours. Bomb Trainer: Two for 2.00 hours. SPOTLIGHT TRAINER: Eight for 8.00 hours. FLYING: Two aircraft flew local flight for total time of 3.35 hours.

4 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : None.

FLYING: MISSION TO HAMM , GERMANY .

Squadron supplied four aircraft for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: The best yet. Target smashed.

FLAK: Slight inaccurate heavy flak at target. Moderate to intense flak was experienced along the route over Germany .

E/A: 80 E/A hit the group from coast carried into target area and back out to coast. This was because the 91 st was the only Group to go into the target the others having returned to their bases because of weather conditions.

CLAIMS: A/C 070 &ndash T/Sgt. Goldstein &ndashME 110 Destroyed.

A/C 484 &ndash S/Sgt. J. W. Clifton &ndash FW 190 Destroyed.

A/C 132 &ndash T/Sgt. R. G. Lee &ndash ME 110 Probable.

A/C 070 S/Sgt. E. R. Lapp &ndash ME 110 Damaged.

CASUALTIES: None.
FOLLOWING CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/C 070: Capt. O. D. O&rsquoNeill, Lts. R. W. Freihofer, E. L. Carmichael, E. R. Bush, T/Sgt. H. Goldstein, S/Sgt. W. D. King, T/Sgt. B. B. Borostowski, S/Sgts. E. N. Yelle, A. A. Youell, E. R. Lapp.

A/C 132: Lts. L. F. Riley, M. E. Fountain, R. J. Schwendiman, T. E. Ashinhurst, T/Sgt. M. L. Schaefer, S/Sgt. J. L. Branch, T/Sgt. R. G. Lee, S/Sgt. E. G. Jedniak, T/Sgt. G. L. Dobson, S/Sgt. R. E. Stewart.

A/C 484: Capt. J. W. Carroll, Lts. D. W. Frank, M. E. Brown, J. J. Bamber, T/Sgt. W. R. Taylor, S/Sgt. J. J. Clifton, T/Sgt. W. F. Lancaster, S/Sgts. J. J. Sweeney, C. J. Davis, J. C. Carter.

A/C 337: Lts. N. E. Lindsey, L. G. Slivkoff, R. J. Maiorca, A. Dobsa, T/ Sgt. S. Scavello, S/Sgt. A. J. Denefrio, T/Sgt. L. J. Brandenburg, S/Sgts. J. D. Cagle, E. L. Creason, Sgt. A. T. Shippang.

5 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: Two aircraft flew locally for total time of 2.30 hours.

6 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING One aircraft flew locally for 2.15 hours.

MISSION TO LORYENT , FRANCE .

Squadron supplied three aircraft for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Reported as good. Hits all around target &ndash many fires started in dock area.

FLAK: Moderate to intense heavy, inaccurate as to our group at target.

E/A: Only 10 to 12 FW 190&rsquos seen &ndash only one attack on our group. Not a very strong one at that.

FOLLOWING CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/C 070: Capt. O. D. O&rsquoNeill, Lts. R. W. Freihofer, E. M. Carmichael,

E. R. Bush, T/Sgt. H. Goldstein, S/Sgt. W. D. King, T/Sgt. B. B. Borostowski, S/Sgts. R. W. Brown, E. R. Lapp, A. S. Youell.

A/C 337: Lts. N. F. Lindsey, G. Slivkoff, R. J. Maiorca, A. Dobsa, T/Sgt. S. Scavello, S/Sgt. J. A. Rekas, T/Sgt. L. J. Brandenburg, Sgt. A. T. Schippang, S/Sgts. N. A. Criscito, A. J. Allison.

7 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: None.

8 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: Two aircraft flew locally for 3.00 hours.
MISSION TO REMMES , FRANCE .

Squadron supplied three aircraft for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Good heavy pattern on aiming point.

FLAK: Slight inaccurate heavy flak in target area. Slight to intense flak also inaccurate on way in and out.

E/A: Twenty E/A hit formation with running attacks from Collinenee to Target and back out to St. Lo, where the Spitfire cover chased them off.

CLAIMS: None.
FOLLOWING CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/C 070: Capt. J. W. Carroll, Lts. J. W. Wilson, M. E. Brown, J. J. Bamber, T/ Sgt. W. R. Taylor, S/Sgt. J. J. Sweeney, T/Sgt. W. R. Lancaster, S/Sgts. J. W. Clifton, J. O. Carter, C. J. Davis.

A/C 337: Lts. H. H. Beasley, O. E. Diedering, H. D. Sipe, E. R. Bush, T/Sgt. M. L. Schaefer, S/Sgt. J. L. Branch, T/Sgt. J. M. Franklin, S/Sgts. E. G. Jedniak, E. L. Creason, J. D. Cagle, Capt. McCreary, Observer.

A/C 459: Flown by crew from 92 nd Bomb Group: Lts. B. H. Martin, N. P. Stoeffel, J. F. Segrest, E. A. Coppage, S/Sgt. E. M. Saylor, T/Sgts. A. J. Pearson, M. L. Langhofer, Sgts. A. J. Sciarillo, D. W. Wood, M. C. Medina.

9 March 1943 &ndash Cpl. Martin J. Davin assigned and joined Squadron per SO 34, Par 3, Hq Station 121, dated March 5, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: Three aircraft on local flight for 6.15 hours.

Two aircraft on a high altitude gunnery mission, total time 5.30 hours.

10 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: One aircraft on high altitude flight for 2.35 hours. Four aircraft on local flight, total time 9.05 hours.

11 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer: One for .45 hour. Bomb Trainer: Two for 2.00 hours. Skeet Shoot: Ten for 10.00 hours. Athletics: 15 for 15.00 hours.

12 March 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Robert B. Walker, O-729387, 2 nd Lt. Norman NMI Williams, O-729530, F/O Robert A. Vetter, T-190538, S/Sgt. William R. Carroll, 333164214, and Nick Sandoff, 15104366, assigned and joined Squadron per SO 37, Par 3, 91 st Bomb Group dated March 11, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : None.
FLYING: MISSION TO ROUEN , FRANCE .

Squadron supplied five aircraft for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Good heavy bomb pattern right in target area.

FLAK: Slight inaccurate heavy flak at target area and at coast on way out.

E/A: No heavy attacks on this group.

FOLLOWING CREWS WERE CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/C 070: Capt. O. D. O&rsquoNeill, Col. B. A. Lawrence, Lts. E. M. Carmichael, E. R. Bush, T/Sgt. H. Goldstein, S/Sgt. W. D. King, T/Sgt. B. B. Borostowski, Sgt. C. J. Melshiondo, S/Sgts. A. S. Youell, E. R. Lapp, Capt. R. W. Hosman (Group).

A/C 574: Lts. E. F. Riley, M. E. Fountain, R. J. Schwendiman, S/Sgts. A. J. Allison, I. E. Narter, N. G. Sanschagrin, T/Sgt. R. G. Lee, S/Sgts. N. L. Thompson, G. L. Dobson, J. W. Clifton.

A/C 132: Lts. H. H. Beasley, O. E. Diedering, H. D. Sipe, T. E. Ashinhurst, T/Sgt. M. L. Schaefer, S/Sgts. J. L. Branch, J. M. Franklin, E. G. Jedniak, J. D. Cagle, E. L. Creason.

A/C 459: Capts. J. W. Carroll, C. G. Gillespie, Lts. M. E. Brorn, J. J. Bamber, T/Sgt. W. R. Taylor, S/Sgt. J. J. Sweeney, T/Sgt. W. R. Lancaster, Sgt. C. E. Cadle, S/Sgts. C. J. Davis, J. O. Carter.

A/C 337: Lts. N. F. Lindsey, G. Slivkoff, R. J. Maiorca, A. Dobsa, T/Sgt. S. Scavello, S/Sgt. A. T. Schippang, T/Sgt. L. J. Brandenburg, S/Sgts. J. A. Rekas, A. J. Roy, N. A. Criscito.

13 March 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Charles J. Barr, Jr., O-727074, and S/Sgt. William F. Ward, 20434110, (hosp) transferred to Detachment of Patients, 2 nd General Hospital per SO 39, Par 3 & 4, respectively, Hq AAF Station 121 dated March 13, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: MISSION TO ABBEVILLE , FRANCE .

Squadron supplied five aircraft for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Poor &ndash not many hits on airdrome.
FLAK: Slight, inaccurate heavy flak in and out of France .

E/A: Only five E/A seen as Spits went into target and back to England .

FOLLOWING CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/C 070: Capts. O. D. O&rsquoNeill, J. W. Eanes, Lts. E. M. Carmichael,

E. R. Bush, T/Sgt. H. Goldstein, S/Sgt. W. D. King, Sgt. C. J. Melchiondo, T/Sgt. B. B. Borostowski, S/Sgts. A. S. Youell, E. R. Lapp,

A/C 132: Lts. H. H. Beasley, O. E. Diedering, H. D. Sipe, S/Sgt. G. L. Dobson, T/Sgt. M. L. Schaefer, S/Sgts. J. L. Branch, J. M. Franklin, E. G. Jedniak, J. D. Cagle, E. L. Creason.

A/C 574: Capt. J. W. Carroll, Lts. D. H. Frank, M. E. Brown, J. J. Bamber, T/Sgt. W. R. Taylor, S/Sgt. J. W. Clifton, T/Sgt. W. R. Lancaster, Sgt. C. E. Cadle, S/Sgts. C. J. Davis, J. O. Carter.

A/C 337: Lts. N. F. Lindsey, G. Slivkoff, R. J. Maiorca, A. Dobsa,

T/Sgt. S. Scavello, S/Sgt. A. T. Shippang, T/Sgt. L. J. Brandenburg , S/Sgts. J. A. Rekas, A. J. Roy, N. A. Criscito.

A/C 459: Flown by crew from 92 nd Bomb Group: Lts. B. H. Martin, N. P. Stoeffel, J. F. Segrest, E. A. Coppage, S/Sgt. E. M. Saylor, T/Sgts. A. J. Pearson, H. L. Langhofer, N. L. Thompson, Sgts. D. W. Wood, M. C. Medina.

14 March 1943 &ndash Cpl. John P. Armstrong, 6895991, assigned and joined

Squadron per VOCO. 2 nd Lt. Stoeffel (attached) promoted to 1 st Lt. Per SO 14, WD, January 14, 1943. 1 st Lt. Rog W. Scott, O-163414, T/Sgt. Robert F. Flanagan, 36235908, T/Sgt. Gust E. Collias, 16067643, and Sgt. Raymond C. Oltman, 17078007, assigned and joined per VOCO.

GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: Two aircraft flew cross-country for total time of 4.00 hours. One aircraft flew on high altitude gunnery mission for 1.35 hours.

15 March 1943 &ndash Assignment of 1 st Lt. Scott, T/Sgts. Flanagan and Collias, and Sgt. Oltman, confirmed by SO 39, Par 1, and Cpl. Armstrong by Par 3, 91 st Bomb Group, dated March 14, 19431 st Lt. Eugene M. Lockhart Jr., O-437913, assigned and joined Squadron per SO 41, Par3, 91 st Bomb Group dated March 16, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer: Three for 3.00 hours. Security: 35 for 35.00 hours. FLYING: Two aircraft on local flight for 3.15 hours.

16 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Drill: 45 for 22.30 hours. FLYING: Five aircraft on high altitude formation flight total time 14.45 hours &ndash Two bombs dropped. Typhoid booster shots for enlisted personnel.

17 March 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Reynolds F. Johnson, O-328913, assigned and joined Squadron per SO 41, Par 2, 91 st Bomb Group dated March 16, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : Bomb Trainer: One for .45 hour.

FLYING: Five aircraft high altitude flight, total logged time 17.30 hours. One aircraft local flight for 2.00 hours.

18 March 1943: 1 st Lt. Carroll promoted to Captain per SO 46, Par 29, Hq. ETOUSA dated February 15, 1943. 2 nd Lt. Lindsey promoted to

1 st Lt. per SO 69, Par 6, Hq. 8 th Air Force dated March 10, 1943. T/Sgt. Frank J. Parkerson, 16034416, assigned and joined per SO 42, Par 3, 91 st Bomb Group dated March 17, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer: One for 2.00 hours. FLYING: One aircraft high altitude practice bombing mission for 2.10 hours.

MISSION TO VEGESACK , GERMANY .

Squadron supplied five aircraft for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Very good &ndash many hits on the entire target area.

One oil storage plant blown up and heavy fires started.

FLAK: Medium and intense flak was encountered at or about the target area.

E/A: 50-60 E/A being ME109, ME110. FW190 and Ju88 were encountered north-west of Frisian Islands at or about 1453 hours to German Coast at 1515 hours and from 1527 to 1555 hours. Final attacks were from 1555 to 1620 hours just off Juist Island to 75 miles out to sea. Most attacks were on the nose.

CLAIMS: A/C 337 - S/Sgt. Schippang &ndash ME109 Destroyed.

A/C 132 - S/ Sgt. Jedniak &ndash FW190 Destroyed.

A/C 763 &ndash Sgt. Cadle &ndash FW190 Damaged.

A/C 574 - T/Sgt. Kirk &ndash FW190 Destroyed.

A/C 574 &ndash S/Sgt. Snyder &ndash Ju88 Destroyed.

A/C 132 &ndash T/Sgt. M. L. Schaefer &ndash FW190 Destroyed.

A/ C 337 &ndash S/Sgt. Rekas &ndash FW190 Destroyed.

FOLLOWING CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/C 763: Flown by crew from 92nd Bomb Group: Lts. B. H. Martin, N. P. Stoeffel, J. F. Segrest, E. A. Coppage, T/Sgt. E. D. Heatherly, S/Sgts. C. E. Cadle, I. L. Narter, Sgt. J. W. Townsend, S/Sgt. A. J. Allison.

A/C 574: Lts. E. F. Riley, M. E. Fountain, R. J. Schwendiman, T. E. Ashinhurst, T/Sgts. R. G. Lee, N. C. Kirk, S/Sgt. N. F. Swierz, S/Sgts.
W. R. Carroll, G. L. Dobson.

A/C 337: Lts. N. F. Lindsey, G. Slivkoff, R. J. Maiorca, A. Dobsa, T/Sgts. L. J. Brandenburg, S. Scavello, S/Sgt. J. A. Rekas, Sgt. V. L. Hamrick, S/Sgt. A. T. Schippang.

A/C 132: Lts. H. H. Beasley, O. E. Diedering, H. D. Sipe, S/Sgts. N. Sandoff, J. M. Franklin, T/Sgt. M. L. Schaefer, S/Sgts. J. L. Branch, E. G. Jedniak, E. L. Creason, J. D. Cagle.

A/C 070: Capt. O. D. O&rsquoNeill, Lts. R. W. Freihofer, E. M. Carmichael, E. M. Bush, Sgt. C. J. Melchiondo, T/Sgt. H. Goldstein, S/Sgt. W. D. King, T/Sgt. B. B. Borostowski, S/Sgts. E. R. Lapp, A. S. Youell, Capt. Bill Clothier as Photographer.

19 March 1943 &ndash Sgt. John W. Townsend 6931347 attached per VOCO> GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer: 1 for 1.30 hours. Athletics 50 for 75 hours. FLYING: None.

20 March 1943: Sgt. Carl H. Quist 37164420 attached per VOCO> GROUND SCHOOL : Aircraft recognition: 20 for 15.00 hours. Training Film: 12 for 12.00 hours. FLYING: None.

21 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: None.

22 March 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lts. Fountain and Sipe promoted to 1 st Lt. Per SO 70, Par 6, Hq ETOUSA dated March 11, 1943. Sgt. Medina (attached) returned to own organization. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: One aircraft locally for 2.00 hours.

MISSION TO WILHELMSHAVEN , GERMANY .

Squadron supplied six aircraft for this raid &ndash five went over the target.

Lt. Cottingham in A/c 459 was forced to turn back at Baltrum Island because of oxygen failure. A credit for a sortie has been given to his crew as they were attacked by two FW190&rsquos at Baltrum Island .

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

459 Aborted over enemy territory &ndash credit allowed for sortie,

BOMBING RESULTS: Pin Point target missed but bombs landed in installations surrounding Admiral Scheer.

FLAK: Nothing unusual. E/A: Moderate opposition carried on a running attack from Bagband thru target area and out to sea twenty miles north of Wangerooge Island.

CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/C 070: Capts. O. D. O&rsquoNeill, C. G. Gillespie, Lts. E. M. Carmichael, E. R. Bush, S/Sgt. C. J. Melchiondo, T/Sgts. H. Goldstein, B. B> Borostowski, S/Sgts. W. D. King, E. R. Lapp, A. S. Youell, Capt. Tex McCreary as Observer.

A/C 763: Lt E. F. Riley, Capt. D. E. Sheeler (Gp), Lts. R. J. Schwendiman, T. E. Ashinhurst, T/Sgts. R. G. Lee, N. C. Kirk, S/Sgts. C. H. Snyder, W. R. Carroll, Sgts. R. F. Swierz, G. L. Dobson.

A/C 574: Lts. B. H. Martin, W. P. Stoefel, J. F. Segrest, E. A. Coppage, T/Sgts. G. E. Collias, E. M. Saylor, Sgts. C. H. Quist, J. W. Townsend, D. W. Wood, T/Sgt. J. A. Pearson (92 nd Bomb Group.)

A/ C 484: Capt. J. W. Carroll, Lts. D. H. Frank, M. E. Brown, J. J. Bamber, T/Sgts. W. R. Lancaster, W. R. Taylor, S/Sgts. J. J. Sweeney, J. O. Carter, Sgt. W. Bohaczyk, S/Sgt. C. J. Davis.

A/C 132: Lts. H. H. Beasley, R. B. Walker, H. D. Sipe, S/Sgts. N. Sandoff, J. M. Franklin, T/Sgt. M. L. Schaefer, S/ Sgt. J. M. Branch,

T/Sgt. R. F. Flanagan, S/Sgts. E. L. Creason, J. D. Cagle.

A.C 459: Lts. G. L. Cottington, J. W. Wilson, R. W. Scott, M. Williams, Jr., T/Sgts. E. D, Heatherly, F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgt. I. E. Narter, Sgt. H. Litke, S/Sgts. N. G. Sanschagrin, A. J. Allison.

23 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: One aircraft local flight for 1.15 hours.

24 March 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Harrison A. Willis, O910093, transferred to 305 th Bomb Group (H) per SO 78, Par 4, 1st Bomb Wing dated March 23, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : Aircraft Recognition: Twelve for 9.00 man hours. FLYING: One aircraft on local flight for 1.15 hours.

25 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Bomb Trainer: Two for 4.00 man hours. Aircraft recognition: 35 for 35 man hours. Link Trainer: Four for 4.30 man hours. FLYING: Two aircraft local flying total time logged 3.00 hours.

26 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer: Three for 3.00 man hours. FLYING: Two aircraft local flight total logged time 2.50 hours.

27 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL: Bomb Trainer: Three for 3.00 man hours. Skeet Shoot: Twelve for 24.00 man hours. Link Trainer: Five for 5.00 man hours. Naval recognition: 15 for 10 man hours. Dinghy Radio Procedures: 36 for 36.00 man hours. FLYING: Four aircraft local flight for total logged time of 7.00 hours.

28 March 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Leon L. Bagwell, 38089507, (Hosp) Transferred to Detachment of Patients 2 nd General Hospital, APO 647, per SO 50, Par 5, AAF Station 121 March 27, 1943. Pfc. Fred W. Towle, 6136673, assigned and joined Squadron per So 50, Par 6, Hq AAF Station 121, March 27, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: One aircraft on local flight for 1.30 hours.

Squadron supplied six aircraft for mission - three went over the target. One aircraft # 763 aborted due to technical failures. Two aircraft # 379 and # 132 were forced to return to base after first leg of diversion as E/A were encountered and both A/C were damaged. These last two A/C were credited with sorties.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

379 Attacked and forced to return &ndash Credited with sortie.

132 Attacked and forced to return &ndash Credited with sortie.

BOMBING RESULTS: Pin Point target was hit and several large explosions were seen. Marshalling yard and oil tank were hit.

FLAK: Slight inaccurate along route and at target area.

E/A: Were particularly vicious in two sustained attacks &ndash the first attack on return leg of diversionary run when they attacked formation from the rear until driven off by Spits. E/A again attacked from coast of France into target area and half way back over the English Channel .

CASUALTIES: S/Sgt. J. D. Cagle and S/Sgt. W. R. Carroll both of aircraft 132 were slightly wounded.
CLAIMS: A/C 132: S/Sgt. J. L. Branch - FW190 Destroyed.

FOLLOWING CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/C 484: Capt. J. W. Carroll, Lts. M. E. Brown, J. J. Bamber, S/Sgt. W. R. Lancaster, Capt. J. W. Eanes, T/Sgts. W. R. Taylor, R. F. Flanagan, S/Sgts. J. O. Carter, C. J. Davis, J. J. Sweeney.

A/C 574: Flown by crew from 92 nd Bomb Group: Lts. N. P. Stoeffel, B. W. Martin, J. F. Segrest, E. A. Coppage, T/Sgt. H. L. Langhofer, S/Sgt. E. M. Snyder, Sgts. C. H. Quist, D. H. Wood, J. W. Townsend, T/Sgt. J. A. Pearson.

A/C 437: Lts. N. F. Lindsey, G. Slivkoff, R. J. Maiorca, A. Dobsa, T/Sgts. L. J. Brandenburg, S. Scavello, S/Sgt. A. T. Shippang, Sgt. V. L. Hamrick, S/Sgts. A. J. Roy, J. A. Rekas.

A/C 379: Lts. G. L. Cottington, J. W. Wilson, R. W. Scott, N. Williams, Jr., T/Sgt. E. D. Heatherly, Sgt. C. E. Cadle, S/Sgt. I. E. Narter, Sgts. N. G. Sanschagrin, H. Litke, S/Sgt. A. J. Allison.

A/C 132: Lts. H. H. Beasley, O. E. Diedering, H. D. Sipe, S/Sgts. N. Sandoff, J. W. Franklin, T/Sgt. M. L. Schaefer, S/Sgts. J. L. Branch, E. G. Jedniak, W. R. Carroll, J. D. Cagle.

29 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: 1 st Lts. Bush and Carmichael promoted to Captains per So 79, Par 9, Hq. 8 th Air Force March 20, 1943.GROUND SCHOOL: Radio Aids to Navigation: 27 for 27 man hours. Link Trainer: Four for 4.00 man-hours. Bomb Trainer: Three for 3.00 man-hours. Skeet Shoot: Twelve for 18.00 man-hours.

Shadowgraph: Three for 3.00 man-hours. Calisthenics: Fifty for 25.00 man-hours. Dinghy Drill: Fifteen for 10.00 man-hours.

FLYING: Three aircraft local flight total logged time 4.15 hours.

30 March 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Radio: Twelve for 24 man hours. FLYING: Three aircraft local flight total logged time 7.00 hours. Three aircraft high altitude formation flight for total logged time of 6.00 hours.

31 March 1943 &ndash S/Sgt Hall (hosp) transferred to 2 nd Evacuation Hospital, APO 875 per Par 1, Cpl. Niebojewski transferred in grade from Ordnance Corps to AC per SO, Par 7, Hq AAF Station 121, March 28, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: One aircraft cross-country for 1.00 hour. One aircraft flew locally for 1.00 hour.
MISSION TO ROTTERDAM , HOLLAND .

Six aircraft supplied by Squadron &ndash all went over target but no bombs were dropped due to overcast condition.

BOMBING RESULTS: None dropped.
FLAK: Very heavy barrage over Rotterdam . Slight to intense flak in and out of enemy territory some very accurate.

E/A: Up to twenty E/A seen &ndash few desultory attacks on Group. CASUALTIES: None.

FOLLOWING CREWS WERE CREDITED WITH SORTIES:
A/C 070: Capt. O. D. O&rsquoNeill, Lt. R. W. Freihofer, Capts. E. M. Carmichael, E. R. Bush, T/Sgt. H. Goldstein, S/Sgt. W. D. King, T/Sgt. B. B. Borostowski, S/Sgts. C. J. Melchiondo, A. S. Youell, E. R. Lapp.

A/C 459: Flown by crew from 92 nd Group: Lts. B. H. Martin, N. P. Stoeffel, J. F. Segrest, E. A. Coppage, S/Sgt. E. M. Saylor, T/Sgts. J. A. Pearson, H. L. Langhofer, Sgts. C. H. Quist, D. W. Wood, J. W. Townsend.

A/C 763: Lts. E. F. Riley, M. E. Fountain, T. E. Ashinhurst, R. J. Schwendiman, T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgts. C. Oltman, R. G. Lee, C. H. Snyder, G. L. Dobson, Sgt. N. F. Swierz.

A/C 484: Capt. J. W. Carroll, Lts. D. H. Frank, M. E. Brown, J. J. Bamber, T/Sgts. W. R. Taylor, R. F. Flanagan, W. R. Lancaster, S/Sgts. J. O. Carter, C. J. Davis, J. J. Sweeney.

A/C 437: Lts. N. F. Lindsey, G. Slivkoff, R. J. Maiorca, A. Dobsa, T/Sgt. S. Scavello, Sgt. V. L. Hamrick, T/Sgt. L. J. Brandenburg, S/Sgts. J. A. Rekas, A. J. Roy, A. T. Schippang.

A/C 172: Lts. H. H. Beasley, O. E. Diedering , M. D. Sipe, S/Sgt. N. Sandoff, T/Sgt. M. L. Schaeffer, S/Sgts. J. L. Branch, J. M. Franklin,

E. G. Jedniak, E. L. Creason, C. E. Cadle.

1 April 1943 - PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. Articles of war read to entire enlisted personnel. GROUND SCHOOL : AF CE Trainer: Two for 1.00 man-hour. Safety Lecture: 69 for 44.00 man-hours. FLYING: None.

2April 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer: One for 2.00 man-hours. Code Check: One for 2.00 man-hours. Spotlight Trainer: Three for 1.30 man-hours. FLYING: One aircraft local flight for 1.30 hours.

3 April 1943 &ndash 1 st Lts. Robert C. Barton, O-728159 Arthur A. Bushnell, O728824 Robert C. Heller, O-661835 Walter L. McCain, O-791466 Buster NMI Peek, O-725524 Harold NMI Romm, O-440518 2ndLts. Neil A. Daniels, O-733619 Maurice J. Herman, O-729619 Mathew NMI Michaels, O-729549 William E. Sticklen, O-732683 David M. Williams, O-732793 Clive M. Woodbury, O-728944 T/Sgts. Wade H. Boggan, 24133944 William C. Darden, 88950807 Harlod A. Earney, 36049891 Forrest G. Seaver, 35120320 Fred A. Sneed, 18053162 Thomas A. Stephens, 12128769 S/Sgts. Donald J. Aldrich, 31131905 Charles E. Allen, 15102666 Gilbert F. Andrews, 13064904 Ronald A. Carlson, 31124253 Kenneth L. Jones, 15104257 Harold E. Miller, 37257661 Lawrence J. Moertle, 17026790 James E. Pratt, 19055726 Chester W. Raphoon, 35321747 George NMI Serafin, 36183464 Donald J. Snell, 11042285 Bobby NMI Taylor, 18077078 assigned and joined Squadron per SO 49, Par 3, 91 st Bomb Group dated April 3, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: One aircraft local flight for 1.30 hours. Six aircraft formation flight high altitude total time logged 20.30 hours.

4 April 1943 - Capt. Robert A. Foster, O-412795, and Mathew C. Medina, 17011899. attached per VOCO. GROUND SCHOOL : None.
FLYING: MISSION TO PARIS , FRANCE .

Squadron supplied six aircraft for mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

437 Aborted and jettisoned 6x1,000 bombs in Channel.

BOMBING RESULTS: Good heavy pattern on aiming point, many fires started.

FLAK: Slight to moderate heavy inaccurate flak along route and target area.

E/A: Sixty E/A attacked viciously from target area to ten miles off French Coast . Attacks were pressed home on tail of aircraft.

CASUALTIES: None.
CLAIMS: A/C 337 &ndash T/Sgt. L. J. Brandenburg &ndash FW190 Destroyed.

A/C 132 &ndash S/Sgt. J. M. Franklin &ndash FW190 Destroyed.

A/C 132 - T/Sgt. M. L. Schaeffer &ndash FW190 Probable.

A/C 132 &ndash S/Sgt. N. Sandoff &ndash FW190 Destroyed.

A/C 132 &ndash S/Sgt. J. L. Branch - FW190 Destroyed.

A/C 172 &ndash S/Sgt. N. G, Sanschagrin &ndash ME109 Probable.

CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/C 070: Capt. O. D. O&rsquoNeill, Lt. R. W. Freihofer, Capts. E. M. Carmichael, E. R. Bush, T/Sgt. H. Goldstein, S/Sgt. W. D. King, T/Sgt. B. B. Borostowski, S/Sgts. C. J. Melchiondo, A. S. Youell, E. R. Lapp.

A/C 337: Lts. N. F. Lindsey, G. Slivkoff, R. J. Maiorca, A. Dobsa, T/Sgt. S. Scavello, S/Sgt. A. T. Schippang, T/Sgt. L. J. Brandenburg, S/Sgts. J. A. Rekas, A. J. Roy, V. L. Hamrick.

A/C 172: Lts. G. L. Cottington, J. W. Wilson, R. W. Scott, R. F. Flanagan, S/Sgts. I. E. Narter, H. Litki, T/Sgt. G. E. Collins, Sgt. L. N. Hennessey, S/Sgts. C. E. Cadle, N. G. Sanschagrin.

A/C 132: Lts. H. H. Beasley, O. E. Diedering, H. O. Sipe, J. A. Fisher, (From another squadron), T/Sgt. M. L. Schaefer, S/Sgts. J. L. Branch,

J. M. Franklin, E. G. Jedniak, N. Sandoff, E. L. Creason.

A/C 574: 92 nd Bomb Group crew: Lts. N. P. Stoffel, B. H. Martin, J. F. Segrest, E. A. Coppage, S/Sgt. E. M. Saylor, T/Sgts. J. A. Pearson, H. L. Langhofer, Sgts. D. W. Wood, J. W. Townsend, C. W. Quist.

5 April 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: One aircraft on gunnery flight for 2.00 hours.

Six aircraft supplied by Squadron, one aircraft flown by 92 nd Bomb Group attached for training.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

437 1535 24,000 ft 1x1,000 One hung up.

BOMBING RESULTS: Believed good &ndashheavy smoke from area of pin point target.

FLAK: Slight inaccurate heavy flak in and out at target.

E/A: 75 E/A hit formation near Lokeron, Holland carried it into target area and back to 15 miles off Dutch Coast . Attacks vicious on stragglers.

Claims: A/C 763: Lt. R. J. Schwendiman &ndash FW190 Damaged.

A/C 337: Lt. R. J. Maiorca &ndashFW 190 Destroyed.

A/C 172: Lt. H. D. Sipe &ndash FW 190 Destroyed.

CASUALTIES: S/Sgt. H. Litke hit in right leg and groin by .30 Caliber Bullet.

FOLLOWING CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/C 070: Capts. O. D. O&rsquoNeill, C. G. Gillespie, E. M. Carmichael, R. W. Hosman, Group, E. R. Bush, T/Sgt. H. Goldstein, S/Sgt. W. D. King, T/Sgt. B. B. Borostowski, S/Sgts. C. J. Melchiondo, A. S. Youell, E. R. Lapp.

A/C 337: Lts. N. F. Lindsey, G. Slivkoff, R. J. Maiorca, A. Dobsa, T/Sgt. S. Scavello, S/Sgt. A. T. Schippang, T/Sgt. E. J. Brandenburg, S/Sgts. J. A. Rekas, A. J. Roy, V. L. Hamrick.

A/C 574: Flown by attached 92 nd Bomb Group crew: Lts. B. H. Martin, N. P. Stoffel, J. F. Segrest, Jr., E. A. Coppage, S/Sgt. E. M. Saylor,

Sgt. C. H. Quist, T/Sgt. H. L. Langhofer, Sgts. J. W. Townsend, M. C. Medina, D. W. Wood.

A/C 763: Lts. E. F. Riley, M. E. Fountain, R. J. Schwendiman, T. E. Ashinhurst, S/Sgt. N. C. Kirk, Sgt. W. R. Carroll, S/Sgts. R. G. Lee,

C. H. Snyder, G. L. Dobson, N. F. Sweirz.

A/ C 172: Lts. H. H. Beasley, R. B. Walker, H. D. Sipe, J. A. Fisher, (attached), T/Sgt. M. L. Schaeffer, S/Sgt. J. L. Branch, T/Sgt. J. L. Franklin, S/Sgts. E. G. Jedniak, N. Sandoff, E. L. Creason.

A/C 437: Lts. G. L. Cottington, R. C. Heller, R. W. Scott, H. Romm, S/Sgts. I. E. Narter, H. Litke, T/Sgt. N. L. Thompson, Sgt. L. M. Hennessey, S/Sgt. A. J. Allison, Sgt. B. E. Cash.

6 April 1943 &ndash T/ Sgt. Pearson J, Atlee, 14041258, relieved from attachment and returned to own organization April 5, 1943 per VOCO.

GROUND SCHOOL : Aircraft recognition: 15 for 10.00 Man-hours.

Security: 19 for 4.15 man-hours. Code Check: Five for 7.30 man-hours. Communication: Three for 3.00 man-hours. First Aid: 20 for 20.00 man-hours. Link Trainer: Three for 3.00 man-hours. FLYING: None.

7 April 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lts. Wallin and Wilson promoted to 1 st Lts. per So 87, Par 1, Hq ETOUSA, dated March 28, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : Code Check: Three for 3.00 man-hours. Communications: Ine for 1.00 man-hour. Bomb Trainer: Four for 4.00 man-hours. FLYING: None.

8 April 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Harold NMI Litke, 16047490, died in 2 nd Evacuation Hospital at 0940 hours from wounds received April 5, 1943.

Cpl. Norman E. Otterson, 17037508, Pfc. Chester R. Knowles, 11027539, and T/5 Bankowsky, 32185826, assigned and joined Squadron per SO 52, Par1, 91 st Bomb Group dated April 8, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : Aircraft Recognition: 30 for 22.30 man-hours. Gunnery School : 24 for 56.00 man-hours. Link Trainer: Two for 2.30 man-hours. FLYING:
Three aircraft flew locally for total logged time of 4.00 hours.

9 April 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Code Practice: Eight for 8.00 man-hours. Lecture of Radio: 1Ten for 10.00 man-hours. Gunnery School : 14 for 35.00 man-hours. Skeet Shoot: Ten for 20.00 man-hours. Bomb Trainer: Four for 4.00 man-hours. FLYING: Four aircraft flew formation at high altitude for total logged time of 17.00 hours.

10 April 1943 &ndash Sgt. Henry NMI Neuberger, 36395839, transferred to Hq. 91 st Bomb Group, Cpl. Albert A. Torin, 37181257, (DS at APO 634) assigned and joined per SO 58, Par 3, Hq. AAF Station, April 9, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer: Three for 4.00 man-hours. Spotlight Trainer: Four for 2.00 man-hours. Gunnery School : 24 for 48.00 man-hours. Aircraft Recognition: 24 for 12,00 man-hours. FLYING: Five aircraft flew locally total time logged 6.00 hours.

11 April 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Bomb Trainer: two for 2.00 man-hours. Link Trainer: One for 1.00 man-hour. FLYING: Seven aircraft on local flight total time logged 11.00 hours.

12 April 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Oron O. Howard, 18060899, (hospital) transferred to Detachment of Patients, 2 nd General Hospital per SO 55, Par 4, Hq. Station 121, April 6, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : Drill: 50 for 25.00 man-hours. Exercise: 100 for 25.00 man-hours. Spotlight Trainer: Six for 3.00 man-hours. Gunnery School : 14 for 56.00 man-hours. Link Trainer: Two for 2.00 man-hours. FLYING: One aircraft flew locally for 1.00 hour.

13 April 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Flying Control: Eight for 8.00 man-hours. Skeet Shoot: 12 for 24.00 man-hours. Aircraft Recognition: 28 for 20.00 man-hours. Athletics:

20 for 30.00 man-hours. FLYING: Five aircraft local flight total time 9.15 hours. Five aircraft high altitude formation flight practice bombing (Two bombs per aircraft.) total time logged 14.15 hours.

14 April 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Athletics: 25 for 37.50 man-hours. Aircraft Recognition: 28 for 28.00 man-hours. Link Trainer: Three for 3.00 man-hours. Spotlight Trainer: Eight for 4.00 man-hours. Harwell Trainer: Eight for 22.40 man-hours. Flying Control: Ten for 10.00 man-hours. FLYING: Three aircraft local flight total time 2.30 hours.

15 April 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Bomb Trainer: Two for 2.00 man-hours. Aircraft Recognition: Eight for 8.00 man-hours. FLYING: Two aircraft gunnery practice 9.45 hours. Two aircraft local flight 3.00 hours.

16 April 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. John E. Howard, O-885682, (hospital) transferred to 5 th General Hospital, APO 519 per par1, Cpl. James M. Johnson, 14035749, (hospital) transferred to Detachment of Patients, 2 nd General Hospital, APO 647, per Par 2, SO 62 Hq. Station 121 April 15, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer: One for 1.00 man-hour. Spotlight Trainer: Two for 2.00 man-hours. Code Check: One for 2.00 man-hours. FLYING: Four aircraft high altitude formation flight total time 8.20 hours. One aircraft local flight 1.30 hours.

17 April 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Bill H. Martin, O-442934, relieved from attachment and returned to organization (92 nd Bomb Group) as of April 16, 1943 per VOCO. GROUND SCHOOL : None.

FLYING: MISSION TO BREMEN , GERMANY .

Nine aircraft supplied by Squadron for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

574 missing in action (92 nd Group crew.)

BOMBING RESULTS: Large explosion believed to be fuel dump. Good hits in buildings and dispersal area.

FLAK: Intense accurate at target area &ndash flak is believed to be responsible for loss of &ldquoB&rdquo flight composed of 401 st .

E/A: Heavy opposition and good encountered. Hit our Group, attacks were vicious and pressed home.

CASUALTIES: Sixty missing in action.

FOLLOWING CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/C 484: Capt. J. W. Carroll, Lts. B. Peek, M. E. Brown, J. J. Bamber, T/Sgt. W. R. Taylor, S/Sgt. J. J. Sweeney, T/Sgt. W. R. Lancaster, Sgt. W. F. Jones, Jr., S/Sgts. C. J. Davis, J. O. Carter, Jr.

A/C 437: Lts. D. H. Frank, R. C. Heller, D. M. Williams, W. E. Sticklen, T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgt. I. E. Narter, T/Sgt. T. A. Stephens, Sgt. J. P. Armstrong, S/Sgt. A. J. Allison, Sgt. L. M. Hennessey.

FOLLOWING CREWS MISSING IN ACTION:

A/C 070: Capt. O. D. O&rsquoNeill, Lt. R. W. Freihofer, Capts. E. M. Carmichael, E. R. Bush, T/Sgt. H. Goldstein, S/Sgt. W. D. King, T/ Sgt. B. B. Borostowski, S/Sgts. C. J. Melchiondo, A. S. Youell, E. R. Lapp.

A/C 391: Lt. R. B. Walker, F/O R. A. Vetter, Lt. R. W. Scott, S/Sgt. G. O. Zedonek, T/Sgt. R. F. Flanagan, S/Sgt. W. R. Carroll, T/Sgt. G. E. Collias, S/Sgts. R. C. Oltman, N. Sandoff, D. J. Snell.

A/C 172: Lts. H. H. Beasley, W. L. McCain, H. D. Sipe, M. Michaels, T/Sgt. M. L. Schaefer, S/Sgt. J. L. Branch, T/Sgt. J. M. Franklin, S/Sgts. E. G. Jedniak, J. D. Cagle, E. L. Creason.

A/C 337: Lts. N. F. Lindsey, G. Slivkoff, R. J. Maiorca, A. Dobsa, T/Sgt. S. Scavello, S/Sgt. A. I. Schippang, T/Sgt. L. J. Brandenburg, S/Sgts. J. A. Rekas, A. J. Roy, V. L. Hamrick.

A/C 459: Lts. J. W. Wilson, A. A. Bushnell, R. C. Barton, H. Romm, T/Sgt. N. L. Thompson, S/Sgt. W. Bohaczyk, T/Sgt. H. A. Earney, S/Sgts. G. F. Andrews, R. H. Ade, C. E. Cadle.

A/C 574: Flown by 92 nd Bomb Group crew: Lt. N. P. Stoffel, Capt. R. A. Foster, Lts. J. F. Segrest, Jr., E. A. Coppage, S/Sgt. E. M. Saylor, Sgt. D. W. Wood, T/Sgt. H. L. Langhofer, Sgts. C. H. Quist, M. C. Medina, J. W. Townsend.

18 April 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : None. FLYING: None.

19 April 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Riley promoted to Captain per SO 100, Par 1, Hq ETOUSA, Dated April 10, 1943. Capt. Rickles transferred to Hq 91 st Bomb Group per SO 58, Par 2, 91 st Bomb Group, dated April 18, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : Radio: Five for 5.00 man-hours. Security Lecture: 275 for 275 man-hours. Aircraft Recognition: 21 for 21.00 man-hours. Shadowgraph: One for 1.00 man-hours. FLYING: None.

20 April 1943 &ndash Lt. Wallin duty to DS to Dawer Mill, Pinetree per SO 59, Par 1, April 19, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer: Eight for 4.00 man-hours. Harwell Trainer: Four for 7.00 man-hours. Spotlight Trainer: Eight for 4.00 man-hours. Aircraft Recognition: Seven for 7.00 man-hours. FLYING: One aircraft local flight for 2.00 hours. Two aircraft local flight total time 1.45 hours. Sex morality lecture to entire squadron personnel.

22 April 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer: Two for 2.00 man-hours. Harwell Trainer: One for 1.30 man-hours. FLYING: One aircraft flew formation with other squadrons for 1.30 hours. Three aircraft flew locally for total time of 3.00 hours.

23 April 1943 &ndash Capts. Adams, Harrison, 1 st Lts. Fuller, Loog, Schaefer, Stanford, 2 nd Lts. Amphlett, Bonifield, Greene, Kaplan, McVicar, Scott, T/Sgts. Buckley, Geiger, Krass, Langford, McNemar, S/Sgts. Asials, Cassidy, Kleckner, Lemiska, Lewis, Polk, Porath, Rowe, Santoli, Spofford, Stone, and Cpl. Heller attached and joined (S/Sgt. Davis, MB, Attached, absent.) per So 65, Par 5, Hq AAF Station121 April 20, 1943 as amended by SO 65, Par 4, Hq AAF Station 121 April 22, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL : Shadowgraph: Eight for 8.00 man-hours. Aircraft Recognition: Twenty for 20.00 man-hours. FLYING: One aircraft local flight for 1.15 hours.

24 April 1943 &ndash 1 st Lts. Ashinhurst and Schwendiman duty to DS at RAF Int. School , Highgate, per SO 107, Par 3, Hq. 1 st Bomb Wing. April 23, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer: Two for 2.30 man-hours.

FLYING: Four aircraft local flight total time 13.00 hours. Three aircraft formation flying total time 12.00 hours.

25 April 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Bomb Trainer: Two for 2.00 man-hours. Skeet Shoot: Twelve for 24.00 man-hours. FLYING: None.

26 April 1943 &ndash 1 st Lts. Band, Gregory, Pickelmann, Wilcox, 2 nd Lts. Francis, McKnight, Rippa, F/O Killian, T/Sgts. Clemens, Curtis, Graham, S/Sgts. Achbach, Gragg, Laird, May, Walcyzuski, Wilson, Sgts. Fariner, Fuak, Pvt. Koballa, attached from 94 th Bomb Group per SO 68, Par 2, Hq AAF Station 121 April 25, 1943. 1 st Lts. K. L. Brown, Lay, Wheeler, 2 nd Lts. Bliley, Berg, Campbell, DeBolt, Feerick, Fuller, Newberry, Quentin, G. E. Williams, Woodward. F/O Pitts, T/Sgts. Akers, Cameron, Cobb, McCulley, Robertson, Scurlock, S/Sgts. W. G. Allen, W. R. Brown, Clark, Crain, Gillet, Gottschalk, Litzo, McBride, McGovern, V. O. Miller, Thomas assigned and joined per Par 1, S/Sgt. Rivera assigned and joined per Par 2, SO 63, 91 st Bomb Group April 26, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer: Six for 7.30 man-hours. Spotlight Trainer: Ten for 5.00 man-hours. Harwell Trainer: Five for 13.30 man-hours. FLYING: None.

27 April 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Gunnery: 20 for 40.00 man-hours. Skeet Shoot: 15 for 33.00 man-hours. Bomb Trainer: Two for 1.45 man-hours. Harwell Trainer: Four for 6.00 man-hours. FLYING: Four aircraft local flight total time 7.40 hours. One aircraft high altitude flight 2.15 hours.

28 April 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None. GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer: Six for 6.00 man-hours. Spotlight Trainer: 10 for 5.00 man-hours. Harwell Trainer: Six for 10.00 man-hours. FLYING: One aircraft local flight 2.30 hours. Three aircraft formation flight 6.00 hours total time. Three aircraft high altitude formation flight total time 7.20 hours.

29 April 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Parsons, T/Sgt. Cottrell and Pfc. Steumke duty to TD at 1 st Bomb Wing Prov. Gunnery School per SO 110, Par 1. Hq. 1 st Bomb Wing, April 26, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : Bomb Trainer: Four for 4.00 man-hours. Drill: 50 for 22.30 man-hours. Skeet Shoot: Ten for 10.00 man-hours. FLYING: Three aircraft high altitude formation flying total time 6.00 hours.

30 April 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. T. G. Wilson, T/Sgt. Cetnarowski, S/Sgts. Boyer, Burns, LaSota, Sgts. Husick and Rukas, assigned and joined Squadron per SO _, par2, 91 st Bomb Group dated May 1, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : Code Check: One for 1.00 man-hour. Gunnery Lecture: Thirty for 45.00 man-hours. Skeet Shoot: Sixteen for 16.00 man-hours. &ndash 1 st Lt. T. G. Wilson, T/Sgt. Cetnarowski, S/Sgts. Boyer, Burns, LaSota, Sgts. Husick and Rukas, assigned and joined Squadron per SO _, par2, 91 st Bomb Group dated May 1, 1943. GROUND SCHOOL : Code Check: One for 1.00 man-hour. Gunnery Lecture: Thirty for 45.00 man-hours. Skeet Shoot: Sixteen for 16.00 man-hours. FLYING: None.

401 st Daily Reports &ndash Prepared by 1 st Lt. J. E. Nilson

1 May 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

Gunnery Lecture - 52 Combat crewmen 17.00 man-hours.

Skeet Shooting - 18 Combat crewmen 45.00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer - 1 Bombardier 00.45 man-hour,

FLYING: Two aircraft flew locally for a total time of 3 hours.

MISSION TO ST. NAZAIRE , FRANCE .

Squadron supplied one aircraft for this mission, A/C # 527 piloted by Lt. D. H. Frank. However this aircraft was forced to abort due to engine trouble.

2 May 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

GROUND SCHOOL :
Skeet Shooting &ndash 15 combat crews 30.00 man-hours.

Code check &ndash 1 radar operator 1.00 man-hour.

FLYING: Three aircraft flew a high Altitude formation flight for a total time of 9 hours and 45 minutes.

3 May 1943 &ndash 1st Lts. Ashinhurst, Schwendiman DS to duty. T/Sgt. Krass, S/Sgts. Asials, Cassidy, Kleckner, Lewis, Polk, Porath, Spofford, and Stone (attached) duty to DS to 1st Bomb Wing Prov Gunnery School, Snettisham, Norfold as of May 1,1943 per Par 1, SO 42, 94 th Bomb Group, April 29, 1943.

Link Trainer &ndash 1 pilot 1.00 man-hour.

Gunnery Test and Lecture &ndash 18 Gunners 36.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash 6 Gunners 3.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer &ndash 1 Radar Operator 1.30 man-hours.

FLYING: Three aircraft flew formation QGH flight for a total time of 8 hours.

4 May 1943 &ndash Pvt. Criscito (hosp) transferred to 2 nd Evac Hosp per Par 4, SO 72, AAF Station 121, May 2, 1943. Capt. Weitzenfeld, 1 st Lt. Wieneth, 2 nd Lts. Vickerey, Worley, T/Sgts. Hughes, H. F. Smith, S/Sgts. Greeno, Price assigned and joined Squadron per Par 4, SO 68, 91 st Bomb Group, May 4, 1943.

Gunnery Lecture &ndash 52 combat crews 27.00 man-hours.

Skeet Shooting &ndash 25 combat crews 50.00 man-hours.

FLYING: MISSION TO ANTWERP , BELGIUM .

A/C # Time over target Altitude at target Bombs on target

484 1842.5 25,000 ft 5x1,000

BOMBING RESULTS: Pin point well covered as well as buildings on both sides of the canal.

FLAK: Flak along the route and at the target was inaccurate and heavy.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: No more than 12 E/A were encountered, and with few attacks. Several attempts at aerial bombing were made but proved ineffective.

SPECIAL NOTE: The Group was led by Capt J. W. Carroll in

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C #484: Capt. J. W. Carroll (P), Capt. C. G. Gillespie (CP), Lt. R. J. Schwendiman (N), Lt. T. E. Ashinhurst (B) T/Sgt. W. R. Taylor, S/Sgt. W. F. Jones, T/Sgt. W. F. Lancaster, S/Sgts. J. J. Sweeney, C. J. Davis, J. O. Carter, General Anderson, 4 th Bomb Wing (O).

A/C # 437: Lt. D. H. Frank (P), Lt. W. R. Wheeler (CP), Lt. D. M. Williams (N), Lt. W. E. Sticklen (B), T/Sgts. W. H. Boggan, I. E. Narter, E. D. Heatherly, Sgt. L. M. Hennessey, S/Sgts. A. J. Allison, N. G. Sanschagrin.

A/C #132: Lt. M. E. Fountain (P), Lt. K. Brown (CP), Lt. M. J. Herman (N), Lt. N. Williams (B), T/Sgt. F. A. Sneed, S/Sgt. C. W. Raphoon, T/Sgt. W. C. Darden, S/Sgts. E. E. Miller, R. A. Carlson, L. J. Moertle.

Sgt. B. E. Cash flew with 324 th Squadron on A/C # 857 and completed the mission.

5 May 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Sherwin assigned and joined Squadron per Par1, SO 69, 91 st Bomb Group, May 5, 1943.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash 2 gunners 2.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer &ndash 1 pilot 1.00 man-hour.

Gunnery Lecture &ndash 9 new gunners 9.00 man-hours.

FLYING: Three aircraft flew locally for a total time of 4 hours and 40 minutes. Two aircraft flew a high altitude flight for a total time of 4 hours.

6 May 1943 &ndash Pfc. Goode and Pvt. Corpier duty to DS May 1, 1943 per Par 1, SO 70, AAF Station 121.

Skeet Shooting &ndash 16 gunners 32.00 man-hours.

Gunnery Lecture &ndash 10 gunners 10.00 man-hours.

Dinghy Lecture &ndash 30 combat crewmen 20.00 man-hours.

Close Order Drill 40 combat crews 20.00 man-hours.

FLYING: Two aircraft flew locally for a total time of 1 hour 45 minutes.

One aircraft flew SBA for 30 minutes.

7 May 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Pacheco assigned and joined Squadron per Par 9, SO 68, 91 st Bomb Group, May 4, 1943.

Link Trainer &ndash Two pilots 2.00 man-hours.

Security Lecture &ndash 18 combat crewmen 9.00 man-hours.

FLYING: Six aircraft flew a high altitude formation flight for a total time of 20 hours. One aircraft flew high altitude. No time available.

8 May 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Gilbride assigned and joined Squadron per Par 2, SO 72, 91 st Bomb Group, May 9, 1943. Lt Evans, Sgts. Peters and Bendickson DS per VOCO 1700 hours.

GROUND SCHOOL :
Harwell Trainer &ndash Five Radar Operators 7.30 man-hours.

Shadowgraph &ndash Two gunners 2.00 man-hours.

Gunnery Lecture &ndash 18 gunners 18.00 man-hours.

9 May 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash Eight 4.00 man-hours.

Code Check &ndash Three 1.30 man-hours.

Link Trainer &ndash Five 5.00 man-hours.

10 May 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Wilson to SD, BAT Flight this station per Par 1, 91 st Bomb Group, May 9, 1943.

Link Trainer &ndash One 1.00 man-hour.

Code Check &ndash One .30 man-hour.

Harwell Trainer &ndash Four 6.00 man-hours.

Gunnery Test &ndash 17 17.00 man-hour.

11 May 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Link Trainer Two 2.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash Four 4.00 man-hours.

FLYING: Six aircraft formation flight total time logged 21 hours.

This flight included high altitude flight and practice bombing (six bombs dropped.)

12 May 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.
GROUND SCHOOL :

Shadowgraph &ndash One 1.00 man-hour.

Harwell Trainer &ndash Five 7.30 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer &ndash Three 3.00 man-hours.

FLYING: One aircraft local flight for 1.15 hours.

13 May 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

FLYING: One aircraft local flight total time 1.15 hours.

Squadron supplied four aircraft for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT. AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

816 1629.5 24,500 ft 10x500

BOMBING RESULTS: Heavy bomb pattern in target area.

FLAK: Slight inaccurate heavy flak encountered at target and on route.

E/C: Few attacks experienced by our aircraft.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 484: Capt. J. W. Carroll, Lts. C. M. Woodbury, M. E. Brown. J. Bamber, T/Sgt. W. R. Taylor, S/Sgt. W. F. Jones, Jr., T/Sgt. W. F. Lancaster, S/Sgts. J. J. Sweeney, J. O. Carter, Charles J. Davis.

A/C 587: Lt. H. T. Lay, F/O R. A. Pitts, Lts. W. F. Campbell, R. W. Fuller, T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgt. V. O. Miller, T/Sgt. D. F. Robertson, S/Sgts. Gottschalk, L. R. Rivera, C. W. Clark.

A/C 132: Lts. M. E. Fountain, O. E. Diedering, W. J. Herman, N. Williams, Jr., S/Sgts. J. E. Pratt, C. W. Raphoon, T/Sgt. T. A. Stephens, S/Sgts. H. E. Miller, L. J. Moertle, R. A. Carlson.

A/C 816: Capt. E. E. Riley, Lts. B. Peek, R. J. Schwendiman, T. E. Ashinhurst, T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgt. B. Taylor, T/ Sgt. R. G. Lee, S/Sgt. C. H. Snyder, Sgt. E. G. Niebojewski, S/Sgt. C. E. Allen.

14 May 1943 &ndash Capt. Gillespie promoted to Major per Par 8, SO 126, Hq 8 th Air Force, May 6, 1943.

FLYING: One aircraft local flight time 1.15 hours.
MISSION TO KIEL , GERMANY .

Squadron supplied 7 aircraft for mission.

A/C # TOT ALT. AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Good pattern on Target.

FLAK: Slight inaccurate heavy flak in target area on route in and out of target.

E/A: Several brushes with 50 E/A. FW 190 and ME 109 attacks were not pressed home.

CASUALTIES: Sgt. E. Niebojewski wounded slightly in face.

CLAIMS: A/C 536 &ndash Lt. V. J. Bliley (N) FW 190 destroyed.

FOLLOWING CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIE:
A/C 484: Capt. J. W. Carroll, Lts. C. W. Woodbury, M. E. Brown, J. J. Bamber, T/Sgts. W. F. Lancaster, W. S. Taylor, S/Sgts. J. J. Sweeney, W. F. Jones, Jr., J. O. Carter, C. J. Davis.

A/C 536: Lts. K. L. Brown, J. H. Quenin, V. J. Bliley, C. P. Feerick, T/Sgts. R. C. McCulley, J. O. Akers, S/Sgts. A. L. Pacheco, W. G. Allen, R. Litzo, W. R. Brown.

A/C 511: Lts. D. H. Frank, R. C. Heller, D. M. Williams, W. E. Sticklen ,

T/Sgts. W. C. Darden, W. H. Boggan, T. E. Narter, Sgt. E. J. Booth, S/Sgts. N. G. Sanschagrin, A. J. Allison.

A/C 816: Lts. W. H. Wheeler, H. R. DeBolt, J. B. Newberry, D. E. Woodward, T/Sgts. J. S. Cobb, W. P. Scurlock, S/Sgts. L. R. Thomas,

R. D. Gillett, J. J. McGovern, J. P. McBride.

A/C 379: Capt. E. F. Riley, C. G. Gillespie, Lts. R. J. Schwendiman, T. E. Ashinhurst, T/ Sgts. R. G. Lee, F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgts. C. R. Snyder, B. Taylor, Sgt. E. Niebojewski, S/Sgt. C. E. Allen.

A/C 043: Lt. H. T. Lay, F/O R. A. Pitts, Lts. W. F. Campbell, R. J. Fuller, T/Sgts. D. F. Robertson, R. C. Cameron, S/Sgts. W. A. Gottschalk, V. O. Miller, L. R. Rivera, C. W. Clark.

A/C 132: Lts. M. E. Fountain, C. E. Diedering, M. J. Herman, N. Williams, Jr., T/Sgt. T. A. Stephens, S/Sgts. J. E. Pratt, H. E. Miller,

C. W. Raphoon, L. J. Moertle, R. A. Carlson.

15 May 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Cottington transferred to Hq ETO per VOCO.

GROUND SCHOOL : None.
FLYING: One aircraft high altitude local flight for 1.45 hours.

MISSION TO WILHELMSHAVEN (HELGOLAND) , GERMANY .

Squadron supplied six aircraft for mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Primary target area and most of German mainland covered by 10/10ths clouds. Target of opportunity selected and believed to be German Naval base on island of Helgoland . Bombs were dropped on airport barracks and small town. Bombing results on these targets appeared to be excellent.

FLAK: Slight but heavy flak seen in vicinity of Trischen, Scharnhorn and Neuwark Islands . Flak at target ( Helgoland ) all flak inaccurate.

E/A: Was up and waiting leading one to believe that enemy had advance information or spotting devices were working perfectly. Considerable opposition was encountered and vicious attacks by E/A lasted for more than half an hour. About 100 E/A including ME 109F, Me 110, Ju 88, were seen. Four FW 190 dropped aerial bombs from above with no damage.

A/C 132 Sgt. Narter ME 109 Destroyed.

A/C 379: S/Sgt. C. H. Snyder ME 109 Destroyed.

A/C 484: S/Sgt. J. J. Sweeney ME 110 Damaged.

A/C 484: Lt. J. J. Bamber ME 109 Damaged.

A/C 132: Sgt Allison JU-88 Destroyed.

A/C 536: S/Sgt. W. R. Brown ME 110 Damaged.

A/C 536: S/Sgt. Serafin ME 109 Destroyed.

CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIE:

A/C 484: Capts. J. W. Carroll, R. W. Weitzenfeld, Lts. M. E. Brown,

J. J. Bamber, T/Sgts. W. F. Lancaster, W.R. Taylor, S/Sgts. J. J. Sweeney, W. F. Jones, Jr., J. O. Carter, C. J. Davis.

A/C 816: Lts. W. R. Wheeler, M. A. Berg, J. B. Newberry, D. E. Woodward, T/Sgts. J. S. Cobb, B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgts. L. H. Thomas, J. J. McGovern, R. D. Gillett, J. P. McBride.

A/C 587: Lt. H. T. Lay, F/O R. A. Pitts, Lts. W. F. Campbell, R. W. Fuller, T/Sgts. D. F. Robertson, R. C. Cameron, S/Sgts. W. A. Gottschalk, L. R. Rivera, V. O. Miller, C. W. Clark.

A/C 379: Capt. E. F. Riley, Lts. B. Peek, R. J. Schwendiman, T. E. Ashinhurst, T/Sgts. R. G. Lee, F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgts. C. M. Snyder, B. Taylor, K. L. Jones, C. E. Allen.

A/C 536: Lts. K. L. Brown, J. H. Quenin, V. J. Bliley, F. P. Feerick, T/Sgts. R. O. McCulley, J. O. Akers, S/Sgts. G. Serafin, W. G. Allen, R. Litzo, W.R. Brown.

A/C 132: Lts. D. H. Frank, R. C. Fuller, D. M. Williams, W. E. Sticklen, T/Sgts. W. C. Darden, W. H. Boggan, S/Sgts. E. J. Bayer, N. G. Sanschagrin, A. J. Allison.

16 May 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. John E. Howard, O-885682, assigned and joined Par 3, SO 73, 91 st Bomb Group, May 11, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL : None.
FLYING: Four aircraft local flight total time 5.15 hours.

17 May 1943 &ndash M/Sgt. Meilson and Sgt. Doyle (94 th Bomb Group) attached per VOCO.

FLYING: One aircraft local high altitude flight total time 3.00 hours.

Squadron supplied six aircraft for mission. Squadron lead this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Generally good. Many hits in target area. Some short of aiming point.

FLAK: Slight flak from St. Brieu and Morlaix. Moderate heavy flak in target area good for altitude, poor for deflection.

E/A: About 25 FW 190 and Me 109 sighted at North Pontivy at 1200 hours remaining with formation until 1239 at French Coast. Attacks were low and behind. E/A opposition relatively light.

FOLLOWING AIRCREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/C 484: Capt. J. W. Carroll, Maj. C. G. Gillespie, Lts. M. H. Brown,

J. J. Bamber, T/Sgts. W. F. Lancaster, W. R. Taylor, S/Sgts. J. J. Sweeney, W. F. Jones, Jr., J. O. Carter, C. J. Davis.

A/C 043: Lts. K. L. Brown, J. H. Quenin, V. J. Bliley, J. P. Feerick, T/Sgts. R. O. McCulley, J. D. Akers, S/Sgts. A. L. Pacheco, W. G. Allen, R. Litzo, W. R. Brown.

A/C 437: Lts. D. H. Frank, R. C. Heller, D. M. Williams, W. E. Sticklen, S/Sgt. N. G. Sanschagrin, T/Sgts. W. H. Boggan, T. E. Narter, W. C. Darden, Sgt. E. J. Booth, S/Sgt. A. J. Allison.

A/C 379: Capt. E. F. Riley, Lts. B. Peek, J. D. Worley, J. B. Vickery, Sgt. E. Niebojewski, T/ Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgt. C. H. Snyder, T/Sgt. R. G. Lee, S/ Sgts. B. Taylor, C. E. Allen.

A/C 816: Lts. W. H. Wheeler, M. A. Berg, J. B. Newberry, D. E. Woodward, T/Sgts. J. S. Cobb, B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgts. K. L. Jones, . O. Gillet, J. J. McGovern, J. B. McBride.

18 May 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.
GROUND SCHOOL :
Harwell Trainer &ndash Two 3.00 man-hours.

Skeet Shoot - 17 34 man-hours.

FLYING: Four aircraft local formation flight time 13.15 hours.

19 May 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt Scott and T/Sgt. Clemons (94 th Bomb Group attached) killed in action.

FLYING: Three aircraft high altitude formation flight total time 6.45 hours. Two aircraft local flight total time logged 1.45 hours.

Squadron supplied three aircraft for mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

437 Aborted over enemy territory sortie granted.

816 Aborted over enemy territory sortie granted.

BOMBING RESULTS: Generally good. Many hits in target area and aiming point. Much smoke seen at target.

FLAK: Slight flak from Hosum and Schleswig. Flak ships in Kircher

Fohrde. Accurate intense flak in target.

E/A: Considerable opposition. ME 110, FW 190, ME 210, JU 88 about 35 altogether. Attack started at 1311 at Amrum Island and lasted until 1415 off German coast. Attack from all levels. One JU 88 dropped aerial bombs from above &ndash no damage.

CLAIMS: A/C 132 &ndash T/Sgt. T. A. Stephens ME 110 Destroyed.

FOLLOWING AIRCREWS RECEIVED SORTIES:

A/C 437: Lt. D. H. Frank, Capt. J. W. Eanes, Lts. D. M. Williams, W. E. Sticklen, T/Sgts. T. E. Narter, W. H. Boggan, W. C. Darden, S/Sgts. E. J. Bayer, A. J. Allison, Sgt. E. J. Booth.

A/C 816: Lt. W. H. Wheeler, Capt. R. W. Weitzenfeld, Lts. J. B. Newberry, D. E. Woodward, T/Sgt. B. D. Scurlock, S/Sgt. R. D. Gillette, T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgts. G. Serafin, J. P. McBride, J. J. McGovern.

A/C 132: Lts. M. E Fountain, O. E. Diedering, M. J. Herman, N. Williams, T/Sgt. F. A. Sneed, S/Sgt. C. W. Raphoon, T/Sgt. T. A. Stephens, S/Sgts. H. E. Miller, R. A. Carlson, L. J. Moertle.

20 May 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

GROUND SCHOOL:
Harwell Trainer &ndash Four 6.00 man-hours.

Shadowgraph &ndash Seven 7.00 man-hours.

FLYING: Two aircraft high altitude flight total time logged 3.00 hours.

21 May 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

FLYING: Two aircraft cross country flight total time logged 4.30 hours.

MISSION TO WILHELMSHAVEN, GERMANY.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Unobserved due to intensity of E/A attacks and heavy undercast.

FLAK: Slight flak reported near Ardhof and from Spiekeroog Island. Intense accurate flak experienced at target.

E/A: Vicious attacks from 1235 at IP to 1318 40 miles off Germen coast by some 150 fighters of all types, ME 109, FW 190, JU 88&rsquos. Attacks made at nose singly, in pairs, in line, six abreast, etc. Aerial bombing at attacks made at two different intervals, one type of bomb exploding at different vertical intervals.

CASUALTIES: Lt A. E. Wieneth &ndash glass in face arms and legs due to exploding 20 MM shell in cockpit. Lt. T. E. Ashinhurst wounded in finger from 30 cal. bullet. Lts. G. E. Williams and N. E. Sticklen both slightly wounded by flak.

CLAIMS: A/C 043 &ndash Sgt. Swierz FW 190 destroyed.

A/C 379 &ndash Lt. T. E. Ashinhurst ME 109 destroyed.

A/C 816 &ndash T/Sgt. B. R. Scurlock FW 190 Destroyed.

A/C 379 &ndash S/Sgt. C. E. Allen, FW 190 destroyed.

A/C 043 &ndash Sgt. Green FW 190 destroyed.

A/C 816 &ndash Lt. D. E. Woodward FW 190 destroyed.

A/C 437 &ndash Sgt. N. G. Sanschagrin FW 190 destroyed.

A/C 043 &ndash Sgt. Sweirz FW 190 destroyed.

A/C 043 &ndash Sgt. Boyer FW 190 destroyed.

FOLLOWING AIRCREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/c 379: Capt. E. F. Riley, Lts. B. Peek, D. M. Williams, T. E. Ashinhurst, T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgt. B. Taylor, T/Sgt. R. G. Lee, S/Sgts. K. L. Jones, C. E. Allen, Sgt. E. Niebojewski.

A/C )43: Capt. R. W. Weitzenfeld, Lts. M. A. Berg, J. D. Worley, J. B. Vickery, S/Sgts. N. F. Swierz, H. M. Greene, T/Sgt. H. F. Smith, S/Sgts. E. J. Boyer, O. B. Price, Sgt. B. E. Cash.

A/C 437: Lts. D. H. Frank, R. C. Heller, G. E. Williams, W. E. Sticklen, T/Sgts. W. H. Boggan, T. E. Narter, W. L. Darden, S/Sgts. A. J. Allison, N. G. Sanschagrin, Sgt. E. J. Booth.

A/C 816: Lts. W. H. Wheeler, A. E. Wieneth, J. B. Newberry, D. E. Woodward, T/Sgt. W. P. Scurlock, S/Sgt. R. C. Gillette, T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgts. G. Serafin, J. J. McGovern, J. P. McBride.

A/C 132: Lts. M. E. Fountain, E. M. Lockhart, M. J. Herman, E. Williams Jr., T/Sgt. F. A. Sneed, S/Sgts. H. E. Miller, C. W. Raphoon, T/Sgt. T. A. Stephens, S/Sgts. L. J. Moertle, R. A. Carlson.

22 May 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Garris promoted to Captain per Par 7, SO 127, Hq ETOUSA, May 7, 1943.

23 May 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Howard transferred to 8 th BC Casual Pool,12 RCD #3 per Par 3, SO 137, Hq 8 th AF, May 17, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL: None. FLYING: None.

24 May 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Windell transferred to 92 nd Bomb Group per Par 6 SO 133, Hq 1 st Bomb Wing, May 21, 1943.

25 May 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Dosier transferred to unknown destination February 17 per VOCO was transferred per Secret Order Hq 8 th AF February 16, 1943. M/Sgt. Neilson and Sgt. Doyle (94 th Bomb Group) relieved from attachment per VOCO.

GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer &ndash Two 2.00 man-hours.

FLYING: One aircraft cross-country total time 2.00 hours.

26 May 1943 &ndash Capt. Eanes relieved from duty and assignment per SO 12, Par 7, dated May 25, 1943 Hq 91 st Bomb Group.

GROUND SCHOOL: Harwell Trainer &ndash One 1.30 man-hours.

FLYING: Three aircraft local flight total logged time 4.00 hours.

One aircraft cross-country total time 1.00 hour.

Six aircraft local formation total time logged 22.30 hours.

27 May 1943 &ndash Capts. Adams, Harrison, 1 st Lts. Band, Gregor, Loog, Pickelmann, Shaefer. Stanford, Wilcox, 2 nd Lts. Amphlett, Francis, McKnight, McVicar, Rippa, F/O Killian, T/Sgts. Curtis, Graham, Krass, Langford, McNemar, S/Sgts. Hibach, Asials, Cassidy, Gragg, Kleckner, Laird, Lewis, May, Polk, Porath, Rowe, Spofford, Stone, Waloynski, Wilson, Sgts. Farmer, Funk, and Pvt. Koballa relieved from attachment per VOCO.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash One .30 man-hour.

Link Trainer &ndash One 1.00 man-hour.

FLYING: Six aircraft high altitude formation flight, practice bombing no bombs dropped due to weather total time logged 21.00 hours.

28 May 1943 &ndash Cpls. John M. Castleberry 39095309, Rudolph W. Christiansen 31110711, Leslie R. Hinds 38106250, assigned and joined per Par 4, SO 84, 91 st Bomb Group, May 27, 1943.

FLYING: Seven aircraft high altitude formation flight and bombing practice (14 bombs dropped) total time logged 24.30 hours.

29 May, 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

GROUND SCHOOL: None.
FLYING: MISSION TO ST. NAZAIRE, FRANCE.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

043 1709.5 24,500 ft 2x2,000

BOMBING RESULTS: Very good, heavy pattern of explosions on aiming point and many fires observed in target area.

FLAK: Moderate accurate heavy flak in target area, slight flak reported from St. Milo, Guernsey Rennes on way in and Vanes Pontivy, Carhaix and Lannion on way out.

E/ A: No attacks on this group. Me 109&rsquos and FW 190&rsquos attacked group behind before and after target.

FOLLOWING AIRCREWS CREDIT WITH SORTIES:
A/C 484: Capt. J. W. Carroll, Lts. B. Peek, M. E. Brown, J. J. Bamber, T/Sgt. W. J. Taylor, S/Sgt. W. F. Jones, T/Sgt. W. F. Lancaster, S/Sgts. J. J. Sweeney, J. O. Carter, C. J. Davis.

A/C 587: Lt. H. T. Lay, F/O R. A. Pitts, Lts. W. F. Campbell, R. W. Fuller, T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgt. V. O. Miller, T/Sgt. D. F. Robertson, S/Sgts. W. A. Gottschalk, L. R. Rivera, C. W. Clark.

A/C 379: Capts. E. F. Riley, D. E. Sheeler, Lts. R. J. Schwendiman, T. E. Ashinhurst, T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgt. B. Taylor, T/Sgt. R. G. Lee,

S/Sgt. C. A. Snyder, Sgt. E. Niebojewski, S/Sgt. C. E. Allen.

A/C 816: Lts. W. H. Wheeler, T. G. Wilson, J. B. Newberry, D. E. Woodward, T/Sgt. B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgt. R. O. Gillet, T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgts. L. H. Thomas, J. J. McGovern, J. P. McBride.

A/C 536: Lts. K. L. Brown, J. H. Quenin, V. J. Bliley, J. P. Feerick, T/Sgt. J. D. Ackers, S/Sgt. W. G. Allen, T/Sgt. W. C. Darden, S/Sgts. H. M. Crain, R. Litzo, W. R. Brown.

A/C 043: Lts. D. H. Frank, R. C. Heller, D. M. Williams, W. E. Sticklen,

T/Sgts. T. E. Narter, W. H. Boggan, E. D. Heatherly, Sgt. E. J. Booth, S/Sgts. N. G. Sanschagrin, A. J. Wilson.

30 May 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Robert C. Ruppert 13042428, assigned and joined per Par 7, SO 117, Hq. 12 th RCD #1, 8 th AFSC, May 28, 1943. 1 st Lt. Fuller, 2 nd Lts. Bonifield, Greene, Kaplan, T/Sgt. Buckley, Giger, S/Sgts. Davis, Lemiska, Santoli, and Cpl. Heller (94 th Bomb Group) relieved from attachment per VOCO.
GROUND SCHOOL: None.
FLYING: None.

31 May 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.
GROUND SCHOOL:

Bombardiers Lecture- Seven 14.00 man-hours.

Aircraft Recognition &ndash 62 62.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer &ndash Two 2.15 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash Five 2.30 man-hours.

FLYING: Four aircraft local flight total logged time 6.15 hours.

(Three of this same flight flew formation for total of 5.15 hours.)

Three aircraft flew cross-country for 2.00 hours.

1 June 1943 &ndash Cpls. Castleberry and Christiansen to DS (Chelvston) per Par 3, SO 85, 91 st Bomb Group, May 30, 1943.

Aircraft Recognition &ndash 49 combat crewmen 49.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer &ndash 1 Gunner 1.30 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer &ndash 6 Bombardiers 6.00 man-hours.

FLYING: One aircraft flew locally for 1.00 hour. Six aircraft flew a formation flight which included navigation and practice bombing for a total time of 16 hours and 30 minutes. 12x100 lb. Practice bombs were dropped.

2 June 1943 &ndash Capt Riley, 1 st Lts. Ashinhurst and Schwendiman to leave at Stanbridge Earl&rsquos Rest Home per Par 1, SO 91, AAF Station 121, May 31, 1943. T/Sgt. Lee and S/Sgt. Snyder duty to leave at Mouleford Manor.

Link Trainer &ndash One co-pilot 1.00 man-hour.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash Seven gunners 3.30 man-hours.

FLYING: Three aircraft flew locally for a total time of 3.00 hours.

3 June 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

Bomb Trainer - Two bombardiers 2.00 man-hours.

Aircraft Recognition &ndash 43 combat crewmen 43.00 man-hours.

Harwell Boxes &ndash Five radar Operators 7.30 man-hours.

FLYING: One aircraft flew cross country for a total time of 5.00 hours.

4 June 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer &ndash Two pilots 1.00 man-hour.

FLYING: Four aircraft flew locally for a total time of 5.00 hours.

5 June 1943 &ndash Cpls. Castleberry and Christiansen DS to duty. 1st Lt. Wieneth hospital to duty.

GROUND SCHOOL
Skeet Shooting &ndash 11 Combat crewmen 27:30 Man-hours.

Shadowgraph &ndash 4 Gunners 2:00 Man-hours.

Bomb Trainer &ndash 1 Bombardier 2.:00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer &ndash 2 Radar Operators 3:00 man-hours.

FLYING: One aircraft flew locally for 1.00 hour. Two aircraft flew cross-country for a total time of 6 hours and 30 minutes.

6 June 1943 - Capt. Davison duty to DS at RAF Station Highgate per Par 4, SO 139, 1 st Bomb Wing, May 22, 1943.

Cpl. Williamson duty to DS at AAF Station 502 per Par 8, SO 174, 1 st Bomb Wing June 4, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL: None.
FLYING: Three aircraft flew locally for a total time of 4 hours, 30 minutes. Three aircraft flew a formation flight for a total time of 3 hours. One aircraft flew cross-country for 3 hours.

7 June 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Evans promoted to Capt. Per Par 6, SO 146, Hq 8 th AF, May 26, 1943.

IFF Lecture &ndash 13 Pilots, Radar ops. 13:00 Man-hours.

Skeet Shooting &ndash 12 Combat crewmen 24:00 Man-hours.

Harwell Trainer &ndash 4 Radar Operators 6:00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer &ndash 4 Bombardiers 4:00 man-hours.

FLYING: Two aircraft flew cross-country for a total time of 5 hours.

8 June 1943 &ndash Cpl Joseph Joseph (SD) transferred to 91 st Gp per Par 2, SO 96, Hq AAF Station 121, June 7, 1943.

Communications Lecture &ndash 20 Combat crewmen 20:00 man-hours.

Shadow-graph &ndash 3 gunners 3:00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash 12 gunners 6:00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer &ndash 3 Radar Operators 4:30 Man-hours.

FLYING: One aircraft flew cross-country for 1 hour, 30 minutes.

9 June 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES>

GROUND SCHOOL:
Bomb Trainer &ndash 2 bombardiers 2:00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer &ndash 8 Radar Operators 12:00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition &ndash 49 combat crewmen 49:00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash 4 Gunners 2:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 12 A/C, SBA, for a total time of 17 hours, 15 minutes. 1 A/C flew locally for 1 hour and 15 minutes.

10 June 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. John E. Nilson, assigned and joined Squadron per Par 2, SO 89, 91 st Bomb Group, June 8, 1943. Pfcs. P. L. Brown, Bruckinan, Cox, Pulliam, Pvts. Bowers and Blodgett assigned and joined Squadron per Par 4 Cpls. Edmondson, J. A. Evans, Hale, Klamm, Pvts. Bergman, Bianchini, Clayton, Frantz, Gosley, Kerns, Lubenow, Mart, Marks, Marseilles, assigned and joined Squadron per Par 5, SO 98, AAF Station 121, June 9, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer &ndash 3 Pilots 3:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 5 A/C, SBA, Total time of 20 hours, 35 minutes. 1 A/C flew cross-country for 2 hours, 30 minutes.

11 June 1943 &ndash Capt. Reilly , 1 st Lts. Schwendiman and Ashinhurst leave to duty. Capt. Davison DS to duty. Cpl. Goings (SD0 , Pvts. Corpier and Goode (DS) Sgts. Barnes, Wilkins, Cpls. Everson, Graham, Ingmira, Shippitka, Pfcs. Baumgartner, Bryla, Pvts. Eckhart and McCall, transferred to 1 st Station Comple Squadron S/Sgt. Lopez, Cpl. Cuthbertson, Pfcs. Lipschutz, Morgan, Northcutt, Pvts. Bullinger, Demaris, Hawkins, Higgins, Klein, Maher, D. S. Perkins, Walter. Weisenberg assigned and joined Squadron per Par 5, SO 99, AAF Station 121, June 10, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL: None.
FLYING: One aircraft flew locally for 1 hour and 15 minutes.

MISSION TO BREMEN, GERMANY.

Squadron supplied eight aircraft for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

RESULTS OF BOMBING: Very questionable. Hits reported at Korden, Hage, NE of Emden. However primary target was not attacked.

FLAK: Moderate heavy flak near Wilhelmshaven, meager flak in vicinity of Alte Mellum and Eckwardder horne, also Nuremberg. Heavy flak experienced at Juist Island.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 50 E/A attacked the formation from 1745 at Heligoland, to 1845 off the Frisian Islands. Attacks were moderate, however , no E/A Coming closer than 500 yards. A flight of 8 E/A attacked the nose of our formation.

CLAIMS: A/c 043 &ndash Sgt. A. J. Rukas Me 109 destroyed.

A/C 132 &ndash Lt. Herman (N) Me 109 destroyed.

A/C 536 &ndash S/Sgt. H. M. Crain Me 109 destroyed.

A/C 797 _ Lt. Worley Me 109 destroyed.

A/C 797 &ndash T/Sgt. C. L. Hughes FW 190 destroyed

SPECIAL NOTE: A/C 797 with Capt Weitzenfeld as pilot, was severely

Damaged when bombs from an A/C above crashed thru the right horizontal stabilizer and sheared it off, leaving but a little less than two feet of stabilizer left on the aircraft. E/A began to pick on this A/C as it was forced out of formation by the accident. However, due to the superb flying skill of Capt. Weitzenfeld, and with the assistance of the co-pilot, Lt. Berg, the A/C was able to rejoin the formation and proceed back to base with no further damage to the A/C or the personnel.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:

A/C 484: Capt. J. W. Carroll (P), Maj. C. G. Gillespie (CP), Lt. M. E. Brown (N), Lt. J. J. Bamber (B), T/Sgts. W. R. Taylor, W. S. Lancaster, S/Sgts. J. J. Sweeney, C. J. Davis, J. O. Carter, Lt. Col J. J. Nazarro (O)

A/C 043: Lt. E. M. Lockhart (P), Lt. T. G. Wilson (CP), Lt. G. E. Williams (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), T/Sgt. T. R. Cetnarowski, Sgt. J. Husick, T/Sgt. W. C. Darden, S/Sgts. G. Serafin, A. W. Burns, Sgt. A. Rukas.

A/C 132: Lt. M. E. Fountain (P), Lt. O. E. Deidering (CP), Lt. M. J. Herman (N), Lt. N. Williams (B), T/Sgt/ F. A. Sneed, S/Sgt. C. W. Raphoon, T/Sgt. T. A. Stephens, S/Sgts. H. E. Miller, L. J. Moertle,

A/C 536: Lt. K. L. Brown (P), Lt. J. H. Quenin (CP), Lt. V. J. Bliley (N),

Lt. J. P. Feerick (B), T/Sgt. J. O. Akers, S/Sgt. W. G. Allen, T/Sgt. R. O. McCulley, S/Sgts. H. M. Crain, R. Litzo, W. R. Brown.

A/C 587: Lt. H. T. Lay (P) F/O R. A. Pitts (CP), Lt. W. F. Campbell (N),

Lt. R. W. Fuller (B), T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, Sgt. F. G. Seaver, T/Sgt. D. F. Robertson, S/Sgts. W. A, Gottschalk, L. R. Rivera, C. W. Clark.

A/C 797: Capt. R. W. Weitzenfeld (P), Lt. M. A. Berg (CP), Lt. J. D. Worley (N), Lt. J. B. Vickery (B), T/Sgt. C. L. Hughes, S/Sgt. H. M. Greeno, T/Sgt. H. F. Smith, S/Sgts. E. J. Bayer, M. A, LaSota, O. B. Price.

A/C 816: Lt. W. H. Wheeler (P), Lt. C. M. Woodbury (CP), Lt. J. B. Newberry (N), Lt. D. E. Woodward (B), T/Sgt. B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgt. R. O. Gillett, T/Sgt. J. S. Cono, S/ Sgts. L. H. Thomas, J. J. McGovern, J. P. McBraide.

12 June 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

GROUND SCHOOL:
Link Trainer &ndash 4 pilots 4:00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash 10 gunners 5:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C flew cross-country for a total time of 4 hours.

1 A/C flew a high altitude formation flight for 2 hours 30 minutes.

13 June 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. O. O. Howard assigned and joined Squadron per Par 4, SO 128, AAF Station 591, 12 th RCD, June 11, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL: None.
FLYING: 2 A/C flew a high altitude flight for a total time of 2 hours, and 50 minutes.

1 A/C flew locally for 1 hour and 30 minutes.

MISSION TO BREMEN, GERMANY.

Squadron provided 5 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Hits in target area, but accurate observation of damage impossible due to bomb smoke and smoke screen in the target area.

FLAK: Most of the flak was directed at other formations. Fairly accurate and intense flak experienced in the target area.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: Very feeble. Only about 10 E/A came within range of this formation. E/A appeared to be awaiting stragglers.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:

A/C 763: Capt. R. W. Weitzenfeld (P), Lt. M. A. Berg (CP), Lt/ J. D. Worley (N), Lt. J. B. Vickery (B), T/Sgt. C. L. Hughes, S/Sgt. H. M> Greeno, T/Sgt. H. F. Smith, S/Sgts. E. J. Bayer, G. L. Dobson, O. B. Price.

A/C 816: Lt. W. H. Wheeler (P), Lt. A. E. Wieneth (CP), Lt. J. B. Newberry (N), Lt. D. E. Woodward (B), T/Sgt. B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgt. R. O. Gillett, T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgts. L. H. Thomas, J. J. McGovern, J. P. McBride.

A/C 587: Lt. H. T. Lay (P), F/O R. A. Pitts (CP), Lt. W. F. Campbell (N), Lt. R. W. Fuller (B), T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgt. D. J. Aldrich,

T/Sgt. D. F. Robertson, S/Sgts. W. A. Gottschalk, L. R. Rivera, C. W. Clark.

A/C 536: Lt. K. L. Brown (P), Lt. J. H. Quenin (CP), Lt. V. J. Bliley (N),

Lt. J. P. Feerick (B), T/Sgt. J. O. Akers, S/Sgt. W. G. Allen, T/Sgt. R. O. McCulley, S/Sgts. H. M. Crain, R. Litzo, W. R. Brown.

A/C 235: Lt. D. H. Frank (P), Lt. R. C. Heller (CP), Lt. D. M. Williams (N), Lt. W. E. Sticklen (B), T/Sgts. W. H. Boggan, I. E. Narter, E. D. Heatherly, S/Sgts. E. J. Booth, N. J. Sanschagrin, A. J. Allison.

14 June 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Otto transferred to CCRC 11 per Par 9, SO 130,

Bomb Theory &ndash 6 Bombardiers 3:00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash 10 Gunners 10:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer &ndash 4 Pilots 4:00 man-hours.

Log Book Lecture &ndash 4 Navigators 2:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 5 A/C Flew locally for a total time of 6 hours, 40 minutes.

1 A/C flew cross-country for 1 hour and 5 minutes. 2 A/C flew SBA for a total time of 3 hours.

15 June 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. DeBolt (Hospital) transferred to 2 nd Evac. Hosp. Per Par 6, SO 98, AAF Station 121, June 9, 1943. 2 nd Lts. Bianchi, Hicks, 1 st Lt. Porada, G. B. Williams, T/Sgts. Osborne, Thompson, S/Sgts. Hatton, Lindberg, Power and Zeigler assigned and joined Squadron per Par2, Capt. Weitzenfeld, 2 nd Lts. Berg, Worley, Vickery, T/Sgts. Hughes, H. F. Smith, S/Sgts. Bayer, Greeno, Price, transferred to 324 th Squadron per Par3, SO 92, 91 st Bomb Group, June 13, 1943.

FLYING: MISSION TO LE MANS, FRANCE.

Squadron provided 7 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

All A/C recalled by higher headquarters, and no targets were attacked.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:

A/C 484: Capt. J. H. Carroll (P), Lt. J. H. McPartlin (CP), Lt. M. E. Brown (N), Lt. J. J. Bamber (B), T/Sgt. W. R. Taylor, S/Sgt. W. F. Jones, Jr., T/Sgt. W. F. Lancaster, S/Sgts. J. J. Sweeney, C. J. Davis, J. O. Carter, Jr., Capt. W. H. Clothier (8 th AF, Photographer.)

A/C043: Lt. E. M. Lockhart (P), Lt. T. G. Wilson (CP), Lt. G. E. Williams (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), T/Sgt. T. R. Cetnarowski, S/Sgt.

M. A. LaSota, T/Sgt. W. C. Darden, S/Sgts. G. Serafin, A. W. Burns, Sgt. J. Husick.

A/C 132: Lt. M. E. Fountain (P), Lt. O. E. Deidering (CP), Lt. M. J. Herman (N), Lt. N. Williams, Jr., T/Sgt. F. A. Sneed, Sgt. C. W. Raphoon, T/Sgt. T. A. Stephens, S/Sgts. H. E. Miller, R. A. Carlson, L. J. Moertle.

A/C 379:Capt. E. F. Riley (P), Lt. B. Peek (CP), Lt. R. J. Schwendiman (N), Lt. T. E. Ashinhurst (B), T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, Sgt. F. G. Seaver, T/Sgt. R. G. Lee, S/Sgts. K. L. Jones, C. E. Allen, Sgt. G. L. Dobson, T/Sgt. I. G. Slate (8 th AF Photographer.)

A/C 816: Lt. W. H. Wheeler (P), Lt. A. E. Wieneth (CP), Lt. J. B. Newberry (N), Lt. D. E. Woodward (B), Lt. B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgt. R. O. Gillett, T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgts. L. H. Thomas, J. P. Mc Bride, J. P. McGovern.

A/C 437: Lt. D. H. Frank (P), Lt. R. C. Heller (CP), Lt. D. M. Williams (N), Lt. W. E. Sticklen, T/Sgts. W. H. Boggan, I. E. Narter, E. D. Heatherly, S/Sgts. E. J. Booth, A. J. Allison, N. G. Sanschagrin.

A/C 587: Capt. R. W. Weitzenfeld (P), Lt L. A. Berg (CP), Lt. J. D. Worley (N), Lt. J. B. Vickery (B), T/Sgt. C. L> Hughes, S/Sgt. H. M. Greeno, T/Sgt. H. F. Smith, S/Sgts. E. J. Bayer, O. B. Price, D. J. Aldrich.

16 June 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer - 1 Pilot 1:00 man-hour.

FLYING: 5 A/C flew a cross country formation flight for a total time of 10 hours.

17 June 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Carrington SD to DS, 305 th Bomb Group, June 16, 1943 per SO 159, 1 st Bomb Wing, June 16, 1943. Sgt. Weems, Cpls. Carden, Haller, Maher, Northcott, Pfcs. L. A. Brown, S. A. Marten, Parks, Smith, Swerko, Vaughn, Walker, and Pvt. Weisenberg, duty to DS Sta Transport Sect per Par 6, SO 102, AAF Station 121, June 15, 1943.

Bomb Theory &ndash 11 Bombardiers and Navigators 5:30 man-hours.

Log Book Procedures &ndash 3 Navigators 1:30 man-hours.

Map Reading &ndash 2 Bombardiers 1:00 man-hours.

Code Practice &ndash 2 Bombardiers 1:00 man-hours.

Dead Reckoning &ndash 2 Bombardiers 1:00 man-hours.

Rad. Comp. Instr. &ndash 3 Navigators 1:30 man-hours.

Link Trainer &ndash 1 pilot 1:00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer &ndash 2 Bombardiers 2:00 man-hours.

Shadowgraph &ndash 5 Gunners 2:30 man-hours.

Harwell Boxes &ndash 2 Radar Operators 5:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C flew a local high altitude flight for a total time of 4.00 hours. 9 A/C flew a local formation flight for a total time 16 hours. 2 A/c flew locally for a total time of 2 hours, 15 minutes. 3 A/C flew cross country for a total time of 3 hours 25, minutes.

18 June 1943 &ndash S/Sgts. A. J. Smith, Wickes, Pvts. Hennessey and Kirk transferred to (unreadable) 39 th Serv Grp Cpls. Dunbar, Pryor, Pfc. Filowitz assigned and joined Squadron per Par 6, So 102, AAF Station 121, June 16, 1943.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash 2 Combat crewmen 1:00 man-hour.

Link Trainer &ndash 2 Pilots 2:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1 hour and minutes. 4 A/C flew a local formation flight for a total time of 6 hours.

19 June 1943 &ndash Sgt, Cash transferred to 303 rd Bomb Group per par 3 Cpls. Edmondson, J. A. Evans, Male, and Klamm duty to DS # 7 Radar School, Hernsington per Par 13, SO 160, Hq 1 st Bomb Wing, June 17, 1943.

Code practice &ndash 1 Bombardier 1:00 man-hour.

Harwell Trainer &ndash 2 Radar Operators 3:00 man-hours.

Radio Exam &ndash 5 radar Operators 5:00 man-hours.

Skeet Shooting &ndash 9 Gunners 18:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1 hour.

20 June 1943 &ndash Capt Riley, 1 st Lts. Ashinhurst, Schwendiman, T/Sgts. Lee, Parkerson, S/Sgts. C. E. Allen, K. L. Jones, L. C. Pierce, Sgts. Bendickson, Cuthbertson, Dobson, Patton, Seaver, and Cpl. Tryon to DS, 381 st Bomb Group per VOCO. S/Sgt. Carey assigned and joined Squadron.

FLYING: 5 A/C flew a high altitude formation flight for a total time of 17 hours and 30 minutes. 4 A/C flew cross-country for a total time of 3 hours 15 minutes.

21 June 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES

Link Trainer &ndash 2 Pilots 2:00 man-hours.

Code Check &ndash 1 Radar Operator 2:00 man-hours

Skeet Shooting &ndash 13 Combat crewmen 26:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for a total time of 2 hours. 2 A/C flew cross-country for a total time of 3 hours 15 minutes.

22 June 1943 &ndash Sgt. Cook and Cpl. Kulis transferred to 1 st Sta Comple Sq (SP) per Par 3, SO 105 AAF Station 121, June 19, 1943. 2 nd Lt. Sticklen and D. M. Williams promoted to 1 st Lt. Per SO 160, Hq. ETOUSA, June 9, 1943.2 nd Lts. Rowland, Ball, Rutledge, Ferguson, T/Sgts. Holmes and Turner, S/Sgts. Price, H. A. Harmon, McConnell and Pasztor assigned and joined Squadron per Par 1, SO 96, 91 st Bomb Group, June 22, 1943. Sgt. Peters duty to DS to 391 st Bomb Group per VOCO. 1 st Lts. Peek and Porada, 2 nd Lts. G. B. Williams and Hicks, T/Sgts. R. R. Thompson and Osborne, and S/Sgts. Swierz, Hatton, and Zeigler DSXC.

GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer &ndash 1 co-pilot 1:00 man-hour.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew cross-country for 1 hour.

Squadron supplied 6 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

RESULTS OF BOMBING: Not accurately observed because of heavy cloud cover at the target which varied in intensity from 5-8/10ths. Bombs believed to have dropped in target area, and large fires started.

FLAK: Meagre, inaccurate flak reported on the way in and way out. Heavy accurate flak in the target area.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: Worst E/A opposition experienced to date, by far. 150 E/A composed of FW 190&rsquos, Ju 88&rsquos attacked this formation from all around the clock. Some crews reported receiving as many as 50 to 60 separate attacks. E/A pressed home their attacks singly, and in groups from 3 to 15. The attacks came after leaving the target area.

CASUALTIES: A/C # 484 &ndash Lt. M. E. Brown Killed in action.
Lt. J. J. Bamber Wounds in face.

A/C # 587 &ndash T/Sgt. D. F. Robertson Shell splinters in left

A/C # 587 &ndash S/Sgt. L. R. Rivera Shell splinters in left leg.

A/C # 797 &ndash S/Sgt. E. Linberg &ndash Drowned in North Sea.

A/C # 132 &ndash Missing in action. Lt. M. E. Fountain (P), Lt. O. Deidering (CP), Lt. M. J. Herman (N), Lt. N. Williams (B), T/Sgt.
F. A. Sneed, S/Sgt. J. E. Pratt, T/Sgt. T. A. Stephens, S/Sgts. H. E. Miller, A. J. Rukas, R. A. Carlson.

A/C # 536 &ndash Missing in action. Lt. K. L. Brown (P), Lt. J. H. Quenin (CP), Lt. J. J. Bliley (N), Lt. J. P. Feerick (B), T/ Sgt. J. O. Akers, S/Sgt. W. G. Allen, T/Sgt. R. O. McCulley, S/Sgts. H. M. Crain, R. Litzo, W. R. Brown.

SPECIAL NOTE: A/C # 797 was heavily damaged by flak, and received heavy and constant attacks from E/A, finally forcing it down into the Channel. The crew was in the water for about 30 minutes when it was picked up by the Air-Sea rescue. All crew members were safe, except for minor injuries with the exception of S/Sgt. E. Lindberg, who was drowned. The crew was composed of: Lt. B. Peek (P), Lt. F. A, Porada (CP), Lt. G. B. Williams (N), Lt. C. H. Hicks (B), T/Sgt. R. R. Thompson, S/Sgt. N. F. Swierz, T/Sgt. J. F. Osborne, S/Sgts. R. D. Hatton, E. Lindberg, W. G. Zeigler.

CLAIMS: A/C # 797 &ndash Lt. C. H. Hicks FW 190 Damaged.

A/C # 797 &ndash Lt. C. H. Hicks FW 190 Damaged.

A/C # 797 &ndash Lt. G. B. Williams Me 109 Destroyed.

A/C # 797 &ndash S/Sgt. R. D. Hatton FW 190 Destroyed.

A/C # 797 &ndash S/Sgt. N. F. Swierz FW 190 Destroyed.

A/C # 797 &ndash S/Sgt. N. F. Swierz FW 190 Destroyed.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:

A/C # 484: Capt. J. W. Carroll (P), Lt. W. H. Wheeler (CP), Lt. J. J. Bamber (N), Lt. M. E. Brown (B), T/Sgts. W. F. Lancaster, W. R. Taylor, S/Sgts. J. J. Sweeney, W. F. Jones, J. O. Carter, C. J. Davis.

A/C # 587: Lt. H. T. Lay (P), F/) R. A. Pitts (CP), Lt W. F. Campbell (N), Lt. R. W. Fuller (B), T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgts. W. H. Gottschalk, V. O. Miller, L. R. Rivera, C. W. Clark.

A/C # 797: (See Special Note, above.)

23 June 1943 &ndash T/Sgt. Robertson duty to 2 nd Evac Hosp at 1200 hours June 22, 1943. 2 nd Lts. Ball, Ferguson, S/Sgts. Turner, H. A. Harmon,

T. B. Price, Holmes, McConnell, Pasztor duty to DS 1 st Wing Prov Gnry Sch, Snettisham, Norf per Par 2 Capt. Carroll, T/Sgt. Taylor and S/Sgt. Davis transferred to Hq 91 st Bomb Group and attached to Squadron per par 3, SO 96, 91 st Bomb Group, June 22,1943. Capt. Riley, 1 st Lts. Ashinhurst, Schwendiman, T/Sgts. Lee, Parkerson, S/Sgts. C. E. Allen,

K. L. Jones, L. C. Pierce, Sgts. Bendricksin, Cuthbertson, Dobson, Peters, Patton, Seaver, and Cpl. Tryon DS to duty per VOCO. 1 st Lt. Peekand Porada, 2 nd Lts. G. B. Williams, Hicks, T/Sgts. R. E. Thompson and Osborne, S/Sgts. Hatton and Zeigler DSXC to Duty. S/Sgt. Swierz DSXC to RAF Hosp Felixstowe.

Link Trainer &ndash 1 Pilot 0:45 man-hour.

A/C Recognition &ndash 10 Combat crewmen 10:00 man-hours.

Abortive Mission to Paris, France.

24 June 1943 &ndash Capt. Davison duty to DS per Par1, SO 97, 91 st Bomb Group, June 23, 1943.

Link Trainer &ndash 2 Pilots 2:00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition &ndash 17 combat crewmen 17:00 man-hours

Spotlight Trainer &ndash 3 gunners 1:30 man-hours.

Code &ndash 1 Radar Operator 3:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew cross-country for 1 hour. 3 A/C flew locally for a total time of 4 hours.

25 June 1943 &ndash Capt. Davison DS to duty. 1 st Lts. Peek and Porada and T/Sgt. Thompson duty to DS, London per Par 1, SO 98, 91 st Bomb Group, June 24, 1943. 1 st Lts. Arp, Berkey, 2 nd Lts. Boyle, Carlson, Gelles, Hexum, McAvoy, Sherman, T/Sgts. Allston, Henley, Wenninghoff, S/Sgts. Bara, Babushka, Hayes, Millward, Pratt, Pvts. Marko, Sams assigned and joined Squadron per Par 4, SO 99, 91 st Bomb Group, June 25, 1943.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for a total time of 1 hour 45 minutes.

MISSION TO HAMBURG, GERMANY.

Squadron supplied three aircraft for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

Ac # 816 was flown by another Squadron and dropped its bombs.

BOMBING RESULTS: Due to extreme undercast at the primary target most bombs were dropped on targets of opportunity in North West Germany. Bombing results could not be observed.

FLAK: Meager inaccurate heavy flak all along the route.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 70-75 E/A consisting of FW 190s, and Me 109s with a smattering of Ju 88s all along the route. Most of the attacks were made on other formations.

CLAIMS: A/C # 679 &ndash S/Sgt. M. A. LaSota Me 109 Damaged.

A/C # 679 - S/Sgt. M. A. LaSota Me 109 No Claim

A/C # 379 &ndash T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson Me 109 Destroyed.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:
A/C # 379: Capt. E. F. Riley (P), Major C. G. Gillespie (CP), Lt. R. J. Schwendiman (N), Lt. J. J. Bamber (B), Lt. A. E. Wieneth (N), T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, Sgt. F. G. Seaver, T/ Sgt. R. G. Lee, Sgt. G. L. Dobson, S/ Sgt. J. J. Sweeney.

A/C # 679: Lt. E. M. Lockhart (P), Lt. T. G. Wilson (CP), Lt. G. E. Williams (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), T/Sgt. T. R. Cetnarowski. S/Sgt. M. A. LaSota, T/Sgt. W. C. Darden, S/Sgts. G. Serafin, A. W. Burns, Sgt. J. Husick.

A/C # 763: 1 st Lt. H. T. Lay (P), F/O R. A. Pitts (CP), Lt. W. F. Campbell (N), Lt. R. W. Fuller (B), T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgt. V. O. Miller, Sgt. R. L. Glague, S/Sgts. W. A. Gottschalk, C. W. Clark, L. R. Rivera.

The following EM flew with the 323 rd Squadron and were credited with this mission: T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgt. D. J. Aldrich, Sgt. C. W. Raphoon.

26 June 1943 - Cpl. Funk duty to DS AAF Station 582 per par 13, SO 163, 1 st Bomb Wing, June 20, 1943. 1 st Lt. Wallin duty to DS Air Sea rescue School RAF Station Blackpool per Par 9, SO 168, June 25, 1943. S/Sgt. F. King and Pvt. Gramesty assigned and joined Squadron per par 4, SO 99, 91 st Bomb Group, June 25, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer &ndash 2 Pilots 2:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew cross-country for 36 minutes.

MISSION TO COUBLAY, FRANCE.

Squadron supplied 2 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Bombs brought back. Visibility 8-10/10ths.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 15-20 yellow-nosed FW 190 were seen which followed the formation for 45 minutes, but did not attack this group.

CASUALTIES: None.
CLAIMS: None.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:

A/C # 816: Lt. H. T. Lay (P), F/O R. A. Pitts (CP), Lt. W. F. Campbell (N), Lt. R. W. Fuller (B), T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgt. W. F. Jones, Jr., T/Sgt. W. F. Lancaster, S/Sgts. W. A. Gottschalk, L. E. Rivera, C. W. Clark.

27 June 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1 hour. 1 A/C flew cross-country for 3 hours.

28 June 1943 &ndash 1 st Lts. Peek and Porada and T/ Sgt. Thompson DS to duty 27 June. T/Sgt. Lancaster transferred to Casual Pool 12 th RCD AAF Station 591 per Par 4, SO 170, 1 st Bomb Wing, June 27, 1943.

Lecture on Mission Secrecy 106 combat crewman 53 man-hours.

FLYING: MISSION TO ST. NAZAIRE, FRANCE.

Squadron supplied 4 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Very good. Hits reported on MPI, as well as concentrated hits in the target area. Great clouds of brown and black smoke seen for many miles.

FLAK: Meager flak reported on the way into the target area. Moderate but accurate the target area, some ships reporting hits from the flak.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: About 40 E/A attacked the formation for about an hour and a half. Poor tactics were employed by E/A and they did not press home their attacks.

CASUALTIES: None.
CLAIMS: A/C # 379 &ndash S/Sgt. J. J. Sweeney FW 190 Destroyed.

A/C # 043 &ndash Sgt. John Fusick FW 190 Destroyed.

A/C # 437 &ndash T/Sgt. W. H. Boggan FW 190 Destroyed.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:
A/C # 379: Capt. E. F. Riley (P), Lt. J. H. McPartlin (CP), Lt. G. H. Carlson (N), Lt. J. J. Bamber (B), T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgt. J. J. Sweeney, T/Sgt. R. G. Lee, S/Sgts. J. O. Carter, C. E. Allen, Capt. J. C. Walker (O).

A/C # 043: Lt. E. M. Lockhart (P), Lt. T. G. Wilson (CP), Lt. G. E. Williams (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), T/Sgt. T. R. Cetnarowski, Sgt. C. W. Raphoon, T/Sgt. W. C. Darden, S/Sgt. G. Serafin, Sgt. J. Husick, S/Sgt. A. W. Burns.

A/C # 816: Lt. H. T. Lay (P), F/O R. A. Pitts (CP), Lt. W. F. Campbell (N), Lt. R. W. Fuller (B), T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Agt. V. O. Miller, T/Sgt. R. L. Olague, S/Sgts. W. A. Gottschalk, L. R. Rivera, C. W. Clark.

A/C # 437: Lt. D. H. Frank (P), Lt. K. B. Rutledge (CP), Lt. D. M. Williams (N), Lt. W. E. Sticklen (B), T/Sgts. W. H. Boggan, I. E. Narter, E. D. Heatherly, S/Sgts. E. J. Booth, N. G. Sanschagrin, A. J. Allison.

29 June 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

Bomb Trainer &ndash 2 Bombardiers 2:00 man-hours.

Harwell trainer &ndash 4 Radar Operators 6:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew cross-country for 1 hour, 30 minutes.

MISSION TO TRIQUEVILLE, FRANCE.

Squadron supplied 4 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: No bombs dropped. Target area covered by 10/10ths clouds.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:

A/C # 379: Capt. E. F. Riley (P), Lt. J. H. McPartlin (CP), Lt. D. M. Williams (N), Lt. T. E. Ashinhurst (B), T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgt. J. J. Sweeney, T/Sgt. R. G. Lee, S/Sgts. J. O. Carter, Jr., C. E. Allen, G. L. Dobson.

A/C # 043: Lt. E. M. Lockhart (P), Lt. T. G. Wilson (CP), Lt. G. E. Williams (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), T/Sgt. T. R. Cetnarowski, Sgt. J. Husick, T/Sgt. W. C. Darden, S/Sgts. G. Serafin, A. W. Burns, C. W. Raphoon.

A/C # 591: Lt. H. T. Lay (P), Lt. E. D. Arp (CP), Lt. W. F. Campbell (N), Lt. R. W. Fuller (B), T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgt. L. R. Rivera, T/Sgt. E. D. Heatherly, S/Sgts. W. A. Gottschalk, V. O. Miller, C. W. Clark.

A/C # 679: Lt. W. H. Wheeler (P), Lt. D. H. Frank (CP), Lt. J. B. Newberry (N), Lt. D. E. Woodward (B), T/Sgt. B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgt. R. O. Gillett, T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgts. L. H. Thomas, J. J. McGovern, J. P. McBride.

Lts. J. P. McAvoy, G. H. Carlson loaned as Navigators to the 324 th and 322 nd Squadrons, respectively.

30 June 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

Link Trainer &ndash 4 Pilots 4:00 man-hours.

Code Practice &ndash 4 Bombardiers and Navigators 2:00 man-hours.

Code Check &ndash 1 Radar Operator 2:00 man-hours.

Dinghy Lecture &ndash 2 Radar Operators 1:30 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash 2 Engineers 1:00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition &ndash All combat crews 17:00 man-hours

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1 hour, 45 minutes. 1 A/c flew cross-country for 45 minutes.

401 st DAILY REPORTS prepared by 1 st Lt. J. E. Nilson

1 September 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Pacheco duty to DS, 10 th Replacement Depot per Par 1, SO 134, AAF Station 121, 21 August 1943. S/Sgt. Allen (Hosp) is in Royal Navy Sick Bay , Swainsborough Manor.

Link Trainer 4 pilots 3.30 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 3 b&rsquod&rsquors 3.00 man-hours.

Gunnery Instructions 10 gunners 20.00 man-hours.

Radio School 5 Radar Ops 20.00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 25 combat crew 25.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1A/C flew locally for 1 hour and 45 minutes. 1 A/C flew cross-country for 2 hours and 30 minutes.

401 st DAILY REPORTS prepared by 1 st Lt. J. E. Nilson

1 July 1943 &ndash M/Sgt. Cordes duty to DS London per Par 1, SO 100, 91 st Bomb Group, June 30, 1943. 1 st Lt. Bamber transferred to 12 th RCD per Par 21, SO 171, 1 st Bomb Wing, June 29,1943. S/Sgt. O. O. Howard transferred to CCRC 11 per Par 22, SO 173, 1 st Bomb Wing, June 29, 1943.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew cross-country for 6 hours and 45 minutes.

GROUND SCHOOL : Bomb Trainer &ndash 3 Bombardiers 2:30 man-hours.

2 July 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES>

Link Trainer &ndash 3 Pilots 3:30 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash 4 Gunners 2:00 man-hours.

3 July 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lts. Blackmon, Cook, Smith, Warose, T/Sgts. Halloran, Reidy, S/Sgts. Conricode, and J. D. Hall assigned and joined Squadron per par 4, SO 105, 91 st Bomb Group, July 5, 1943. 2 nd Lts. Ball, Ferguson , T/Sgts. Holmes, Turner, S/Sgts. Harmon, McConnell,

T. G. Price and Pasztor DS to duty.

Harwell Trainer &ndash 5 radar Operators 2:30 man-hours.

Skeet Shooting &ndash 10 combat crewman 20:00 man-hours.

Code Check &ndash 1 radar Operator 1:00 man-hour.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 2 hours. 2 A/C flew high altitude formation flight for 7 hours.

4 July 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

FLYING: MISSION TO LE MANS , FRANCE .

Squadron supplied 5 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

RESULTS OF BOMBING: Hits well concentrated in target area. Believe many hits on MPI. Smoke from target visible for 20 minutes.

FLAK: Meager inaccurate flak, though heavy reported from only a few places along the route, and at the target.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 20-30 single-engine E/A attacked the entire formation although only one pass was made at our group.

The 91 st Bomb Group led this raid with Lt. Col. Clement Wurzbach, the Group Commander flying as Pilot with Lt. Riley in A/C # 379, from this Squadron.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C # 379: Lt. Col. Clement K. Wurzbach (P), Capt. E. F. Riley (CP), Lt. R. J. Schwendiman (N), Lt. D. M. Williams (N), Lt. Ashinhurst (B), Lt. N. A. Daniels (TG), T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgt. J. O. Carter, Jr., T/Sgt. R. G. Lee, S/Sgts. J. J. Sweeney, G. L. Dobson.

A/C # 816: Lt. W. H. Wheeler (P), Lt. L. J. Bianchi (CP), Lt. J. B. Newberry (N), Lt. D. K. Woodward (B), T/Sgt. B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgt. R. O. Gillett, T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgts. L. H. Thomas, J. P. McBride, J. J. McGovern.

A/C # 437: Lt. H. T. Lay (P), Lt. E. D. Arp (CP), Lt. W. F. Campbell (N), Lt. R. W. Fuller (B), T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgt. V. O. Miller, T/Sgt. J. B. Wenninghoff, S/Sgts. W. A. Gottschalk, C. W. Clark, L. R. Rivera.

A/C # 484: Lt. D. H. Frank (P), Maj. C. G. Gillespie (CP), Lt. G. H. Carlson (N), Lt. W. E. Sticklen (B), T/Sgts. W. H. Boggan, I. E. Narter, E. D. Heatherly, S/Sgts. E. J. Booth, A. J. Allison, N. G. Sanschagrin.

A/C # 043: Lt. E. M. Lockhart (P), Lt. T. G. Wilson (CP), Lt. G. E. Williams (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), T/Sgt. T. R. Cetnarowski, Sgt. C. W. Raphoon, T/Sgt. W. C. Darden, S/Sgts. G. (NMI) Burns, John (NMI) Husick.

1 st Lts. Peek, Porada, 2 nd Lts. Hicks, G. B. Williams duty to leave at Stanbridge Earl&rsquos Rest Home per Par 2 T/Sgts. Osborne, Thompson, S/Sgts. Hatton, Zeigler duty to leave at Moalsford Manor per Par 3, SO 111, AAF station 121, July 1, 1943. Cpls. Breed, Dickerson, Pfcs. C. C. Brown, Carper, Pvts. Rogers, Scagel, E. C. White assigned and joined Squadron per Par 1, SO 105, 91 st Bomb group, July 5, 1943.

Security and P/W &ndash 6 new combat crewmen 12:00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer &ndash 1 Bombardier 1:00 man-hour.

Bomb Fuse Lecture &ndash 6 Bombardiers 3:00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer &ndash 6 Radar Operators 9:00 man-hours.

Flying Control &ndash 4 Pilots 4:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 3 A/C flew formation for a total time of 4 hours 30 minutes.

1 A/C flew cross-country for 3 hours and 30 minutes.

6 July 1943 &ndash Sgt. Bishop duty to DS Bendix Chin Turret School , RAF Station Kirkham per Par 19, SO 178, 1 st Bomb Wing, July 5, 1943.

Link Trainer &ndash 3 Pilots 3:00 man-hours.

Target Identification &ndash 6 Bombardiers 6:00 man-hours.

Hot News Reporting & Review of A/C Reco. Grds. 75 combat crewmen 37:30 man-hours.

FLYING: 3 A/C flew formation for a total time of 4 hours, 15 minutes.

1 A/C flew cross-country for 1 hour and 35 minutes.

7 July 1943 &ndash S/Sgts. Lamplot and Roe assigned and joined Squadron per Par 2, SO 109, 91 st Bomb Group, July 12, 1943.

Shadowgraph &ndash 5 combat crewmen 2:30 man-hours.

A/C Recognition &ndash 29 combat crewmen 29:00 man-hours.

Radio Procedures &ndash 4 Radar Operators 4:00 man-hours.

Bomb Fuse Lecture &ndash 15 combat crewmen 7:30 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer &ndash 5 Radar Operators 7:30 man-hours.

Link Trainer &ndash 1 Pilot 1:00 man-hour.

Code &ndash 2 Radar Operators 1:00 man-hour.

FLYING: 3 A/C flew formation flight for a total of 4.5 hours.

4 A/C flew cross-country for total time of 5.5 hours.

8 July 1943 &ndash Capt. Riley, 1 st Lt. Ashinhurst and T/Sgt. Lee transferred to Casual Pool, 12 th RCD, RAF Station 591 per Par 20, 1 st Lt. Schwendiman transferred to 4 th Bomb Wing per Par 21, SO 178, Hq, 1 st Bomb Wing, July 5, 1943.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash 2 Gunners 1:00 man-hours.

Importance of Briefing &ndash 56 combat crewmen 28:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 5 A/C flew a high altitude formation flight for a total time off 10 hours and 15 minutes.

9 July 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Ryan (hosp) transferred to Det of Patients, 2 nd Evac Hosp per Par 2, SO 114, AAF Station 121, July 5, 1943. Pfc. Guignon transferred to 323 rd Squadron Pvt. McCormick assigned and joined Squadron per Par 2, SO 106, 91 st Bomb Group, July 7, 1943.

Link Trainer &ndash 4 Pilots 4:00 man-hours.

Sig of Briefing &ndash 25 combat crewmen 12:30 man-hours.

Navigation &ndash 4 Bombardiers 4:00 man-hours.

Bomb Theory &ndash 3 Navigator 3:00 man-hours.

Skeet Shooting &ndash 9 combat crewmen 18:00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer &ndash 1 Radar Operator 1:30 man-hours

Import & Sig of Interrog &ndash 54 combat crewmen 27:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew cross-country for 30 minutes. 4 A/C flew locally , formation, for a total time of 7 hours.

10 July 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

FLYING: MISSION TO VILLA COUBLAY , FRANCE .

Squadron supplied 5 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

RESULTS OF BOMBING: None. Bombs brought back. 10/10ths undercast.

FLAK: Meager, inaccurate AA fire reported throughout mission.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 50-75 E/A, FW 190 and Me 110 reported. E/A seemed to be waiting for the formation.

CLAIMS: A/C # 437: S/Sgt. C. W. Clark FW 190 Damaged.

A/C # 043: S/Sgt. G. Serafin FW 190 Destroyed.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:
A/C # 816: 1 st Lt. T. G. Wilson (P), Lt. P. Berkey (CP), Lt. G. H. Carlson (N), Lt. W. L. Boyle (B), S/Sgt. F. C. King. T/Sgt. C. E. Alston, Sgt. L. Gramesty, Sgt. R. J. Sams, S/Sgt. G. G. Pratt, Sgt. J. Marko.

A/C # 043: Lt. E. M. Lockhart (P), Lt C. M. Woodbury (CP), Lt G. E. Williams (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), T/Sgts. W. C. Darden, T. R. Cetnarowski, S/Sgts. G. Serafin, J. Husick, Sgt. C. W. Raphoon, S/Sgt. A. W. Burns.

A/C # 437: Lt. E. T. Lay (P), lt. E. D. Arp (CP), Lt. C. H> Blackmon (N), Lt. R. W. Fuller (B), T/Sgts. E. F. Robertson, R. C. Cameron, S/Sgts. R. W. Gottschalk, I. E. Rivera, V. O. Miller, C. W. Clark.

11 July 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt Wallin DS to duty.
GROUND SCHOOL : None.

12 July 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Newberry duty to DS, AAF Station 112, per par 10, SO 181, 1 st Bomb Wing, July 8, 1943. 2 nd Lt. Centopodis assigned and joined Squadron on DS 8 th AF S-2 Sect per Par 3, SO 196, Hq. 8 th AF, July 3, 1943.

All Pilots Briefing - 18 Pilots 27:00 man-hours.

Target Identification &ndash 11 Bombardiers 11:00 man-hours.

Navigation Class &ndash 5 Bombardiers 5:00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition &ndash 45 combat crewmen 45:00 man-hours.

Flying Control &ndash 18 Pilots 9:00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash 6 Combat crewmen 3:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer &ndash 4 Pilots 4:00 man-hours.

Gunnery Lecture &ndash 2 combat crewmen 3:00 man-hours.

13 July 1943 &ndash 1 st Lts. Peek, Porada, 2 nd Lts. Hicks, G. R. Williams, T/Sgts. Osborne, Thompson, S/Sgts. Hatton, Zeigler leave to duty as of July 12, 1943.

Target Identification &ndash 14 combat crewmen 14:00 man-hours.

Bomb Theory &ndash 6 Bombardiers 6:00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer &ndash 4 Radar Operators 6:00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer &ndash 3 Bombardiers 3:00 man-hours.

Skeet Shooting &ndash 12 combat crewmen 12:00 man-hours.

14 July 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

FLYING: MISSION TO AMIENS/GLISSY, FRANCE .

Squadron supplied 6 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

763 0742.5 24,000 ft 24x100

RESULTS OF BOMBING: EXCELLENT. Many hits were observed on the MPI, and in the target area. A large column of black smoke, 10,000 feet high was seen coming from the target area.

FLAK: Meager, inaccurate flak was experienced in vicinity of (Unreadable) Target area and Abbeville. Some crews, however, reported flak as being very accurate, for they received hits on their aircraft.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: Only two nose attacks made on this group, but heavily concentrated attacks were observed on the group below. About 25 E/A were seen.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:

A/C #484: Lt. D. H. Frank (P), Lt. K. R. Rutledge (CP), Lt. W. E. Sticklen (B), Lt. J. M. McPartlin (O), Lt. D. M. Williams (N), J. J. Halleran, S/Sgt. J. O. Carter, T/Sgts. W. H. Boggan, C. E. Alston, S/Sgt. G. G. Pratt, Sgts. R. J. Sams, J. Marks.

A/C # 399: Lt. H. T. Lay (P), Lt. E. D. Arp (CP), Lt. C. H. Blackmon (N), Lt. R. W. Fuller (B), T/Sgt. D. F. Robertson, S/Sgt. D. F, Gottschalk, T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgts. V. O. Miller, L. R. Rivera, C. W. Clark.

A/C # 379: Lt. E. M. Lockhart (P), Lt. C. M. Woodbury (CP), Lt. G. E. Williams (N), Lt. R. F. Sherwin (B), T/Sgt. W. C. Darden, S/Sgt. G. Serafin, T/Sgt. T. R. Cetnarowski, Sgt. C. W. Raphoon, S/Sgts. J. Husick, A. W. Burns.

A/C # 763: Lt. R. C. Heller (P), Lt. W. J. Rowland (CP), Lt. J. P. McAvoy (N0, Lt. R. E. Hall (B), T/Sgt. W. T. Holmes, S/Sgt. J. J. Sweeney, T/Sgt. J. M. Turner, S/Sgts. T. G. Price, G. L. Dobson,

A/C # 816: Lt. W. H. Wheeler (P), Lt. L. J. Bianchi (CP), Lt. G. F. Lausted (N), Lt. D. E. Woodward (B), T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgt. L. H. Thomas, T/Sgt. B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgts. R. O. Gillett, J. J. McGovern,

15 July 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

A/C Recognition - 52 combat crewmen 52:00 man-hours.

16 July 1943 &ndash Cpl. Cole duty to DS, AAF Station 582 per Par 1, SO 182, 1 st Bomb Wing, July 9, 1943. S/Sgt. J. O. Carter transferred to 11 CCRC and S/Sgt. Sweeney transferred to 12 th RCD, Station 591 per Par 15, SO 187, 1 st Bomb Wing, July 14, 1943. Cpls. Aarhein, Rodgers, Latva, and Starner assigned and joined Squadron per Par 7, SO 111, 91 st Bomb Group, July 15, 1943.

A/C Recognition - 14 combat crewmen 14:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer - 3 Pilots 3:00 man-hours.

A 30 minute lecture was given to the entire Squadron on Postal Regulations and Combat Security.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew cross-country for 30 minutes. 6 A/c flew training mission for a total time of 15 hours.

17 July 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES>

FLYING: MISSION TO HANOVER , GERMANY .

Squadron supplied 6 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMB ON TARGET

RESULTS OF BOMBING: Formation recalled before bombs were dropped. High overcast prevented selection of a target of opportunity. One crew reported large column of black smoke coming thru overcast after bombs were dropped in the vicinity of Rheine.

FLAK: Meager to moderate flak reported.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: About 35 E/A composed of FW 190s, Me 109s and some Me 110s attacked our formation, but did not press home these attacks. E/A came in in pairs and three at a time.

CLAIMS: S/Sgt J. P. McBride &ndash FW 190 Destroyed.

SPECIAL NOTE: A/C #763 received heavy E/A attacks causing much damage. Control cables suffered the most damage, and the aircraft was forced to leave the formation about ten miles off the English coast. Pilot gave orders to abandon the ship, and the following men bailed out: Lt. J. P. McAvoy, Lt J. M. Hexum, T/Sgt. J. B. Wenninghoff, S/Sgts. A. Beluschak, D. W. Millard, P. C. Bara, D. L. Hayes, F/O Pitts, the Pilot and Lt A. E. Wieneth, the Copilot, were able to land at a nearby RAF Airdrome.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C # 379: Lt. D. H. Frank (P), Lt. K. B. Rutledge (CP), Lt. D. M. Williams (N), Lt. W. E. Sticklen (B), T/Sgts. W. H. Boggan, I. E. Narter, J. J. Halloran, S/Sgts. G. L. Dobson, A. J. Allison, N. J. Sanschagrin.

A/C # 591: Lt. T. G. Wilson (P), Lt. P. Berley (CP), Lt. G. H. Carlson (N), Lt W. L. Boyle (B), T/Sgt. C. E. Alston, S/Sgts. G. C. Pratt, F. C. King, Sgts. L. Gramesty, J. Marko, R. J. Sams.

A/C # 437: Lt. H. T. Lay (P), Lt. E. D. Arp (CP), Lt. W. F. Campbell (N), Lt. R. W. Fuller (B), T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgt. V. O. Miller, T/Sgt. D. F. Robertson, S/Sgts. W. F. Gottschalk, C. W. Clark, L. R. Rivera.

A/C # 816: Lt. W. H. Wheeler (P), Lt. N. A. Daniels (CP), Lt. C. H. Blackmon (N), Lt. W. J. Warose (B), T/Sgt. B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgt. R. O. Gillett, T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgts. L. H. Thomas, J. P. McBride, J. J. McGovern.

A/C # 484: Lt. R. C. Heller (P), Lt. W. J. Rowland (CP), Lt. W. H. Ferguson (N), Lt. R. E. Ball (B), T/Sgt. J. M. Turner, S/Sgt. T. G. Price, T/Sgt. W. T. Holmes, S/Sgts. K. L. Jones, C. E. Allen, A. J. Pasztor.

A/C #763: F/O R. A. Pitts (P), Lt. A. E. Wieneth (CP), Lt. J. P. McAvoy (N), Lt. J. M. Hexum (B), T/Sgt. R. W. Henley, S/Sgt. P. C. Bara, T/Agt. J. B. Wenninghoff, S/Sgts. R. A. Beluschak, D. L. Hayes, D. W. Millard.

18 July 1943 &ndash Cpl. Latva duty to DS with MP Detachment. M/Sgt. Docais, Sgts. Karas, Popowitz and Zentz duty to DSXC, Tempsford.

Dinghy Lecture &ndash 10 combat crewmen 15:00 man-hours.

19 July 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Johnson appointed 1 st Lt. Per par 7, SO 192, HQ. ETOUSA, July 11, 1943.

Dinghy Drill and Lecture &ndash 20 combat crewmen 30:00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition &ndash 35 combat crewmen 35:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer &ndash 4 Pilots 4:00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash 6 Gunners 3:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1 hour and 45 minutes.

20 July 1943 &ndash Sgt. Bishop DS to duty.
GROUND SCHOOL : None.

FLYING: 2 A/C flew locally for 4 hours.

21 July 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

Target Identification &ndash 16 Bomb and Nav 16 man-hours.

Code Check &ndash 1 Radar Operator 1:00 man-hour.

Bomb Trainer 2 Bombardiers 2:00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer &ndash 2 Radar Operators 3:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1 hour and 30 minutes. 2 A/C flew cross-country for 1 hour and 30 minutes.

22 July 1943 &ndash T/Sgt. Cottrell (DS) transferred to Det of Patients, 20 th General Hospital , APO 514, and Sgt. Moertle (hosp) transferred to Det of Patients, 2 nd Evac Hosp, APO 375, per Par 2, SO 121, AAF Station 121, July 20, 1943. M/Sgt. Docsis, Sgts. Karas, Popowitz, and Zentz DSXC to duty. Pfc. Steumke DS to duty per Par11, SO 172, AAF Station 172, July 21, 1943.

Target Identification &ndash 6 Bomb and Navs 6:00 man-hours.

Lecture for Bomb & Navs.- 10 Bomb & Navs 10:00 man-hours.
Parachute Procedures &ndash 42 combat crewmen 42:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer &ndash 5 Pilots 5:00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash 10 Gunners 5:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C flew cross-country for a total time of 4 hours.

23 July 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

Harwell Trainer &ndash 3 Radar Operators 6:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer &ndash 1 Pilot 1:00 man-hour.

FLYING: 3 A/C flew a training mission for a total time of 19 hours.

24 July 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

FLYING: 4 A/C flew a local flight for a total time of 7 hours. 1 A/C flew cross-country for 45 minutes.

MISSION TO HEROYA , NORWAY.

Squadron provided 5 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

527 1324.5 15,000 ft 10x500

BOMBING RESULTS: Excellent. Many hits observed in target area, as well as on the MPI. Immense , high column of yellowish-black smoke seen in the air long after leaving the target.

Meager, inaccurate light AA fire at the target.
ENEMY AIRCRAFT: None.

SPECIAL NOTE: This raid, the first ever carried to Norwegian soil by American bombers, was immensely successful. Major. C. G. Gillespie, Commanding Officer of this Squadron led the Group on this raid.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C # 379: Lt. D. H. Frank (P), Maj. C. G. Gillespie (CP), Lt. D. M. Williams (N), Lt. W. E. Sticklen (B), Lt. K. B. Rutledge (TG), T/Sgts.

W. H. Boggan, I. E. Narter, J. J. Halloran, S/Sgts. G. L. Dobson, N. G. Sanschagrin.

A/C # 527: Lt. T. P. Wilson (P), Lt. P. Berkey (CP), Lt. G. H. Carlson (N), Lt. W. L. Boyle (B), T/Sgt. C. E. Alston, Sgt. R. J. Sams, S/Sgt. F. C. King, Sgts. L. Gramesty, J. Marko, S/Sgt. G. G. Pratt.

A/C # 484: Lt. W. H. Wheeler (P), Lt. J. H. McPartlin (CP), Lt. J. B. Newberry (N), Lt. D. E. Woodward (B), T/Sgt. B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgt. R. O. Gillett, T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgts. L. M. Thomas, J. P. McBride, J. J. McGovern.

A/C # 679: Lt. R. C. Heller (P), Lt. W. J. Rowland (CP), Lt. W. H. Ferguson (N), Lt. R. E. Ball (B), T/Sgt. J. M. Turner, S/Sgt. T. G. Price, T/Sgt. W. T. Holmes, S/Sgts. K. L> Jones, A. J. Pasztor, N. F. Jones, Jr.

A/C # 437: Lt. H. T. Lay (P), Lt. E. D. Arp (CP), Lt. W. F. Campbell (N), Lt. R. W. Fuller (B), T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgt. V. O. Miller, T/Sgt. D. F. Robertson, S/Sgts. W. A. Gottschalk, C. W. Clark, L. R. Rivera.

25 July 1943 &ndash Cpl. Boudreau assigned and joined Squadron per Par 2, SO 123, AAF Station 121, July 23, 1943.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 30 minutes.
MISSION TO HAMBURG , GERMANY .
Squadron provided 3 A/c for this mission, all of which were used as spares. The spares were not required to fill in, and turned back before reaching the enemy coast. The aircraft were not given credit for the mission.

26 July 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. McPartlin appointed Capt. Per Par 15, SO 196, Hq. ETOUSA, July 15, 1943. 1 st Lt Lay appointed Capt. per Par 4, SO 196, Hq. 8 th AF, July 15, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer &ndash 2 Pilots 2:00 man-hours.

FLYING: MISSION TO HAMBURG , GERMANY .

Squadron provided 6 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

RESULTS OF BOMBING: Target believed to be hit. Dark brown smoke seen coming from the target area.

FLAK: Meager on the way to target. Flak very heavy and intense and accurate at the target----seemed to literally fill the sky. Meager, inaccurate flak reported on the way out.

ENEMY FIGHTERS: 30 to 40 E/A were seen in the vicinity of our formation and were in sight for some 77 minutes. Attacks were medium in intensity. E/A not being as eager to press home attacks as usual.

CASUALTIES: T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, .30 Caliber slug in right arm. Lt McAvoy, frozen hand incurred after passing out because of lack of oxygen.

SPECIAL NOTE: A/C #679 had severe engine trouble just before reaching the enemy coast. F/O Pitts, the Pilot, deciding that the safety of his crew, ship, and himself, depended on staying with the formation for protection, elected to do just that. Ordering the crew to jettison the bombs and salvo all loose equipment, he managed to stay with the formation for a while, but gradually dropped back. His A/C then began to receive constant and concentrated attacks from E/A for over an hour. But due to skillful flying he was able to evade destruction, bring his A/C safely across the channel and land at an English base on the coast. Lt. Hicks, the Bombardier, was just starting operations again after having been recuperating from the effects of a ditching in the North Sea one month previously.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C # 043: Lt. E. M. Lockhart (P), Lt. C. M. Woodbury (CP), Lt. G. E. Williams (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), T/Sgt. T. R. Cetnarowski, Sgt. C. W. Raphoon, T/Sgt. W. C. Darden, S/Sgts. G. Serafin, J. Husick, A. W. Burns.

A/C # 679: F/O R. A. Pitts (P), Lt. K. B. Rutledge (CP), Lt. J. P. McAvoy (N), Lt. C. H. Hicks (B), T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgt. W. P. Jones, T/Sgt. W. T. Holmes, S/Sgts. R. D. Hatton, F. G. Seaver, D. J. Aldrich.

A/C # 591: Lt. T. G. Wilson (P), Lt. P. Berkey (CP), Lt. G. H. Carlson (N), Lt. W. L. Boyle (B), T/Sgt. C. E. Alston, S/Sgts. G. G. Pratt, F. C. King. Sgts. F. L. Gramesty, R. J. Sams, J. Marko.

27 July 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. McConnell (hosp0 transferred to Det of Patients, 2 nd Evac Hosp per Par3, SO 125, Station 121, July 25, 1943. 1 st lt. Ryan assigned and joined Squadron per Par 2, SO 116, 91 st Bomb Group, July 26, 1943.

A/C Recognition &ndash 48 combat crewmen 48:00 man-hours.

Shadowgraph &ndash 1 Gunner 1:00 man-hour.

Harwell Trainer &ndash 4 Radar Operators 6:00 man-hours.

Briefing, Interrogation Observations &ndash 82 Combat crewmen 41:00 Man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1 hour and 40 minutes. 3 A/C flew a high altitude formation flight for 17 hours and 30 minutes.

28 July 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. L. C. Pierce, Sgts. Bendickson, Patton, Peters and Cpl. Tryon duty to DS, Ridgewell per VOCO.

GROUND SCHOOL : None.
FLYING: MISSION TO KASSEL , GERMANY .

Squadron provided 7 aircraft for this mission.

No bombs were dropped on the target because of high overcast all over the Continent. All bombs brought back except one A/C which jettisoned its bombs in the channel.

BOMBING RESULTS: Nothing to report.

FLAK: Meager inaccurate flak was reported from tip Ameland Island and Eastern tip of Terschalling Island.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 1 Ju 88 sighted crossing in front of our formation. No action.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C # 043: Lt. E. M. Lockhart (P), Lt. C. M. Woodbury (CP), Lt. G. E. Williams (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), T/Sgt. W. C. Darden, S/Sgt. G. Serafin, T/Sgt. T. Cetnarowski. Sgt. C. W. Raphoon, S/Sgts. J. Husick, A. W. Burns.

A/C # 487: Lt. A. E. Wieneth (P), Lt. E. D. Cook (CP), Lt. C. H. Blackmon (N), Lt. W, J, Warose (B), T/Sgt. J. J. Halloran, S/Sgt. J. W. Hall, T/Sgt. C. E. Reidy, S/Sgts. V. E. Lamplot, E. A. Roe, E. J. Conrocode.

A/C # 591: Lt. T. G. Wilson (P), Lt. P. Berkey (CP), Lt. G. H. Carlson (N), Lt. W. L. Boyle (B), T/Sgt. C. E. Alston, S/Sgt. G. C. Pratt, Sgts. L. Gramesty, R. J. Sams, J. Marko, S/Sgt. F. G. King.

A/C # 484: Lt. W. H. Wheeler (P), Lt. L. J. Bianchi (CP), Lt. J. B. Newberry (N), Lt. D. E. Woodward (B), T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgt. L. H. Thomas, T/Sgt. B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgts. R. O. Gillett, J. J. McGovern, A. J. Allison.

A/C # 763: Lt. E. D. Arp (P), Lt. H. Sherman (CP), Lt. G. F. Laustad (N), Lt. C. H. Hicks (B), T/Sgt. J. B. Wenninghoff, S/Sgt. A. Beluschak,

T/Sgt. R. W. Henley , S/Sgts. D. W. Millward, D. L. Hayes, T. M. Power.

A/C # 587: Lt. R. C. Heller (P), Lt. W. J. Rowland (CP), Lt. W. H. Ferguson (N), Lt. R. E. Ball (B), T/Sgt. W. T. Holmes, S/Sgt. K. L. Jones, T/Sgt. J. M. Turner, S/Sgts. T. G. Price, A. J. Pasztor, H. A. Harmon.

A/C # 162: Capt. H. T. Lay (P), Lt. J Gelles (CP), Lt. W. F. Campbell (N), Lt. R. W. Fuller (B), T/Sgts. D. F. Robertson, R. C. Cameron, S/Sgts. W. A. Gottschalk, V. O. Miller, C. W. Clark, L. R. Rivera.

29 July 1943 &ndash T/3 Leibson assigned and joined Squadron per Par 5, SO 170, AAF Station 591, 12 th RCD, July 27, 1943. S/Sgt. Carey, Cpls. Castleberry, Christianson, J. A. Evans, Edmondson, Hinds and Klamm transferred to 323 rd Squadron per Par 1, SO 117, 91 st Bomb Group, July 27, 1943. 2 nd Lt. Contopodis (DS) and Rowland appointed 1 st Lts. per Par 8. SO 204, Hq ETOUSA, July 23, 1943.

FLYING: 2 A/C flew locally for 3 hours 15 minutes.

Squadron provided 7 A/C for this mission.

Squadron led the group on this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

484 0900.5 27,000 ft 10x500

043 0900.5 27,300 ft 10x500

BOMBING RESULTS: Very good. Many hits noted on the MPI. Target area well covered.

FLAK: Meager, inaccurate flak into target and on the way out. Intense accurate flak at the target.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: About 30-40 E/A were seen. E/A did not press home attacks, but preferred to stay some distance away and fire. Any attacks that were pressed home were soon broken up.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C # 921: (324 th A/C) Lt. W. H. Wheeler (P), Maj. C. G. Gillespie (CP),

Lt. J. B. Newberry (N), Lt. W. E. Sticklen (B), T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgt.

L. H. Thomas, T/Sgt. B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgts. R. O. Gillett, J. J. McGovern, Lt. L. J. Bianchi (TG).

A/C # 587: Lt. R. C. Heller (P), Lt. W. J. Rowland (CP), Lt. W. H. Ferguson (N), Lt. R. E. Ball (B), T/Sgt. W. T. Holmes, S/Sgt. K. L. Jones. T/Sgt. J. M. Turner, S/Sgts. T. G. Price, A. J. Pasztor, H. A. Harmon.

A/C # 225: (323 rd A/C) Lt. T. G. Wilson (P), Lt. P. Berkey (CP), Lt. G. H. Carlson (N), Lt. W. L. Boyle (B), S/Sgt. F. C. King, Sgt. L. Gramesty, T/Sgt. C. E. Alston, Sgt. R. J. Sams, S/Sgt. G. C. Pratt, Sgt. J. Marko.

A/C # 484: Capt. H. T. Lay (P), Lt. N. A. Daniels (CP), Lt. W. F. Campbell (N), Lt. R. W. Fuller (B), T/Sgt. D. F. Robertson, S/Sgt. W. A. Gottschalk, T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgts. V. O. Miller, L. R. Rivera, C. W. Clark.

A/C # 763: Lt. E. D. Arp (P), Lt. H. Sherman (CP), Lt. L. Ferrington (N), Lt. C. H. Hicks (B), T/Sgt. J. B. Wenninghoff, S/Sgt. J. Beluschak, T/Sgt. R. W. Henley, S/Sgts. D. W. Millward, T. M. Power, D. L. Hayes.

A/C # 043: Lt. E. M. Lockhart (P), Lt. C. M. Woodbury (CP), Lt. G. E. Williams (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), T/Sgt. W. C. Darden, S/Sgt. G. Serafin, T/Sgt. T. Cetnarowski, Sgt. C. W. Raphoon, S/Sgts. J. Husick, A. W. Burns.

A/C # 437: Lt. A. E. Wieneth (P), Lt. E. D. Cook (CP), Lt. C. H. Blackmon (N), Lt. W. J. Warose (B), T/Sgt. J. J. Halloran, S/Sgt. J. D. Hall, T/Sgt. C. E. Reidy, S/Sgts. V. E. Lamplot, E. A. Roe, E. J. Conrecode.

30 July 1943 &ndash 2 nd lt. Woodward appointed 1 st Lt. Per Par 20, SO 203, Hq ETOUSA, July 22, 1943. Capt. Walker duty to DS, AAF Station 101 per Par 7, SO 196, Hq. 1 st Bomb Wing, July 23, 1943.

Link Trainer &ndash 1 Pilot 1:00 man-hour.

Spotlight Trainer &ndash 4 Gunners 2:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C local flight for 45 minutes.

MISSION TO KASSEL , GERMANY .

Squadron provided 5 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Good. Many hits in the target area. Many fires seen, and large amounts of smoke seen 50 miles away from the target.

FLAK: Meager, inaccurate flak on the way to the target. Intense, accurate AA fire at the target. Meager, but accurate flak reported on the way out from the target.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 100-150 E/A were seen. FW 190s Painted and marked similar to our P-47s, appeared at the place where our fighter escort was expected. These E/A used the same tactics as our fighter escort would use, and caught many of our crews off guard.

CASUALTIES: Lt P. Berkey wound in left leg by shell fragment.
CLAIMS: A/C # 484: S/Sgt. L. H. Thomas FW 190 destroyed.

A/C # 484: Lt. D. E. Woodward FW 190 damaged.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C # 591: Lt. T. G. Wilson (P), Lt. P. Berkey (CP), Lt. G. H. Carlson (N), Lt. W. L. Boyle (B), S/Sgt. F. C. King, T/ Sgt. C. E. Alston, Sgt. L. Gramesty, S/Sgt. G. C. Pratt, Sgts. R. J. Sams, J. Marko.

A/C # 484: Lt. W. H. Wheeler (P), Lt. L. J. Bianchi (CP), Lt. J. P. Newberry (N), Lt. D. E. Woodward (B), T/Sgts. J. S. Cobb, B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgts. L. H. Thomas, R. O. Gillett, J. J. McGovern, J. P. McBride.

A/C # 437: Lt. A. E. Wieneth (P), Lt. E. D. Cook (CP), Lt. C. H. Blackmon (N), Lt. W. D. Warose (B), T/Sgts. J. J. Halloran, C. E. Reidy, S/Sgts. J. D. Hall, E. A. Roe, V. E. Lamplot, E. J. Conrecode.

31 July 1943 &ndash Capts. Davison, McPartlin, 1 st Lts. Heller, Lockhart, Peek, 2 nd Lts. Ferguson , Woodbury, T/Sgt. Rothermel, S/Sgt. Barti,

Sgts. Frost, Karas, Popowitz and Pvt Weatherly duty to DSXC. Langford Lodge, N. I.

GROUND SCHOOL : None.
FLYING: 2 A/C flew cross-country for a total time of 3 hours.

Transcriber&rsquos note-Capt. F. Davison takes over on August 1, 1943 as the person preparing the Daily Reports for the 401st.

1 August 1943 &ndash Capt. Walker DS to duty. Sgt. Ender to DS #5 Radio School , Oxford per Par 1, SO 202, Hq 1 st Bomb Wing, 29 July 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer 3 3 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 11 5.30 man-hours.

Shadowgraph 5 2.30 man-hours.

Dinghy Drill & Lecture 10 20.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C local flight for 2.00 hours.

2 August 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. LaSota & Pvt. Niebojewski duty to DS Gunnery School, Snettisham, per Par 1, SO 120, 91 st Bomb Group, July 31, 1943.

1 st Lts. Wheeler, Woodward, 2 nd Lts. Bianchi, Newberry duty to 7 days leave Stanbridge Earls&rsquo Rest Home per Par1, T/Sgt. Cobb, Scurlock, S/Sgts. Gillett, McGovern, McBride and Thomas duty to 7 days leave Moulsford Manor Rest Home per Par2, SO 129, Hq. AAF Station 121, dated August 1,1943.

GROUND SCHOOL : Bomb Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 45 45.00 man-hours.

Navigation Exam. 5 5.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C on cross country hop for total logged time of 3.00 hours. 1 A/C flying locally for 1.30 hours.

3 August 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.
GROUND SCHOOL : Bomb Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 10 25.00 man-hours.

Prisoner of War Film 25 25.00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 45 45.00 man-hours.

FLYING: Local training mission for 2 A/C logging total time of 4.30 hours.

4 August 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Allison transferred to 325 th Squadron, 92 nd Bomb Group per Par 19, SO 206, 1 st Bomb Wing dated August 2, 1943. 1 st Lt. Frank promoted to Captain per Par 8, SO 207. Hq ETOUSA dated July 26, 1943. Pvt. Taylor (Hospital) transferred to Detachment of Patients, 2 nd Evacuation Hospital Par 2. SO 131, AAF Station 121, dated August 3, 1943.

5 August 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

GROUND SCHOOL : Target Identification 8 8.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 9 4.30 man-hours.

Link Trainer 6 6.00 man-hours.

6 August 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

GROUND SCHOOL : Target Identification 12 12.00 man-hours.

AFCE Lecture 17 17.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 12 18.00 man-hours.

Of Combat Crews 62 62.00 man-hours.

7 August 1943 &ndash Pvts. A. L. Allen, Amos, Campbell, J. H. Clifton, and Dzikielewski assigned and joined Squadron per Par 3, SO 124, 91 st Bomb Group dated August 6, 1943.

Correct entry August 4 to read Pvt. Taylor to 49 th Station Hospital instead of 2 nd Evacuation Hospital . S/Sgt. Bara (hospital) transferred to 49 th Station Hospital per Par 1, SO 133, Station 121, August 6, 1943.
GROUND SCHOOL : Shadowgraph 6 3.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 7 3.30 man-hours.

Target Ident. 14 14.00 man-hours.

8 August 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

9 August 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

GROUND SCHOOL : Bomb Rack Lecture 3 3.00 man-hours.

D. R. Compass 6 6.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 4 5.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 5 A/C on high altitude formation flight for total time of 10.00 hours. 1 A/C on cross-country hop for 1.00 hour. 1 A/C on local transition for 2.00 hours.

10 August 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer 1 .45 man-hour.

Skeet Shoot 11 33.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 8 12.00 man-hours.

11 August 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

GROUND SCHOOL : Target Ident. 8 8.00 man-hours.

A/C Bomb Assembly 4 4.00 man-hours.

Shadowgraph 6 3.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

A/C Recognition 38 38.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 4 2.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C local transition for total of 2.15 logged time.

12 August 1943 &ndash Cpl. Chisar, Pfcs. Beauregard, Bryant, and Cromer assigned and joined per Par 2, SO 127, 91 st Bomb Group dated August 10, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL : Skeet Shoot 8 16.00 man-hours.

FLYING: MISSION TO GELSENKIRCHEN.

Squadron supplied 6 aircraft for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

763--------Aborted over enemy territory &ndash credited with sortie.

162--------Missing in action. Collided over target.

BOMBING RESULTS: Target area bombed heavily, with large explosions and smoke and fire seen in vicinity of pin-point. Hits also noted in industrial area south of river.

FLAK: Intense accurate flak in target area. Light flak reported from vicinity of Antwerp .

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: Intense E/A opposition was experienced from some 30 to 40 aircraft. The E/A many of which had yellow noses and cowls were probably from elite groups, possibly the Herman Goering Squadron.

CASUALTIES: 20 Missing in action.

MISSING IN ACTION: A/C 162 and 587 taking evasive action just prior to target, collided in mid-air. Both planes were damaged, but continued flying in formation and proceeded over target. Last seen still under control but losing distance and altitude in vicinity of Koblenz .

A/C 162: Lts. T. G. Wilson, P. Berkey III, C. H. Carlson, W. L. Bayle, T/Sgt. F. C. King, S/Sgt. S. L. Gramesty, T/Sgt. C. E. Alston, S/Sgts. R. J. Sams, G. C. Pratt, J. Marko.

A/C 587: Lts. R. C. Heller, E. Rowland, W. H. Ferguson, R. E. Ball, T/Sgt. W. T. Holmes, S/Sgt. K. L. Jones, T/Sgt. J. M. Turner, S/Sgts. T. G. Price, A. J. Passtov, J. J. Harmon.

A/C 484: Lts. W. H. Wheeler, L. V. Bianchi, J. B. Newberry, D. E. Woodward, T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgt/ L. H. Thomas, T/Sgt. B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgts. R. O. Gillett, J. J. McGovern, J. P. McBride.

A/C 763: Lts. E. N. Arp, M. Sherman, W. F. Campbell, J. E. Hexum, T/Sgt. J. B. Wenninghoff, S/Sgts. A. Beluschak, F. G. Seaver, K. F. Swierz, T. M. Power, D. L. Hayes.

13 August 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

GROUND SCHOOL : Target Ident. 1 1 11.00 man-hours.

Lecture &ndash Weather in England 10 5.00 man-hours.

Lecture on VHF 16 16.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 8 4.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 4 4.00 man-hours.

14 August 1943 &ndash Sgt. Borowski duty to DS, RAF Anti-Gas School , Salisbury per Par 5, SO 210, 1 st Bomb Wing dated August 6, 1943. Sgt. Marit assigned and joined per Par 4, SO 128, (1 st Bomb Group dated August 13, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL : Bomb Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

Harwell Trainer 4 6.30 man-hours.

FLYING: 3 A/C locally for total logged time of 6.25 hours. 4 A/C High Altitude flight logging total of 16.00 hours.

15 August 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

FLYING: 1 A/C local transition for 1.30 hours.

MISSION TO VLISSEKGEN, HOLLAND .

Squadron supplied 6 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

484 1929.5 18,800 ft 8x300 &ndash 8x300 Jett.

BOMBING RESULTS: Poor bomb run. Many bombs fell in city of Flushing , some in canal and dock areas. However quite a few fell in target area on airdrome.

FLAK: Meager to Moderate, but accurate fire experienced at target.

AIRCREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:
A/C 484: Capt. D. H. Frank, Lts. K. B. Rutledge, D. M. Williams, S. M. Slaton, Sgt. E. S. Heartherly, T/Sgts. W. H. Boggan, I. E. Narter, S/Sgts.

D. J. Aldrich, N. G. Sanschagrin, T. M. Power.

A/C 591: Lts. W. H. Wheeler, H. J. Bianchi, J. B. Newberry, H. E. Woodward, T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgt. L. H. Thomas, T/Sgt. B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgts. N. O. Gillet, J. P. McBride, J. J. McGovern.

A/C 763: Lts. E. Arp, H. Sherman, W. E. Sticklen, J. M. Hexum, T/Sgt. J. B. Wenninghoff, S/Sgts. F. G. Seaver, E. J. Minehan, D. L. Hayes, D. W. Millward, N. F. Swierz.

A/C 816: Capt. H. T. Lay, Lts. J. Gelles, W. F. Campbell, R. W. Fuller,

T/Sgt. D. F. Robertson, S/Sgt. O. A. Gottschalk, T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron,

S/Sgts. V. O. Miller, C. W. Clark, L. R. Rivera.

A/C 043: Lts. E. M. Lockhart, B. Peek, G. E. Williams, R. P. Sherwin, T/ Sgt. T. R. Cetnarowski, S/Sgts. S. G. Sreafin, A. W. Burns, S. J. Husick, C. W. Raphoon.

A/C 437: Lts. A. E, Wieneth, E. B. Cook, C. H. Blackman, W. J. Warose, C. H. Hicks, T/Sgt. J. J. Halloran, S/Sgt. E. J. Conrecode, T/Sgt. C. E. Reidy, S/Sgts. J. B. Hall, V. E. Lampot, E. A. Rose.

16 August 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Moertle assigned and joined per Par 2, SO 129, 91 st Bomb Group, dated August 15, 1943.

FLYING: MISSION TO LeBOURGET AIRDROME.

Squadron supplied 6 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

Squadron led the group on this mission with Major Clyde Gillespie flying in the lead ship.

BOMBING RESULTS: Excellent. Many hits in target area with heavy concentration on aiming point.

FLAK: Meager inaccurate flak reported on way in to target. Meager inaccurate flak reported at target.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 12 E/A were noted. Did not press home attacks due to good fighter support.

A/C 453: Lt. W. H. Wheeler, Maj. C. G. Gillespie, Lts. D. M. Williams, W. E. Sticklen, L. J. Bianchi, T/Sgt. J. S. Cobb, S/Sgt. J. P. McBride,

T/Sgt. B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgts. R. O. Gillet, L. H. Thomas, J. J. McGovern.

A/C 816: Lts. B. Peek, F. A. Porada, J. B. Newberry, D. E. Woodward, Sgt. E. D. Heatherly, T/Sgts. W. H. Boggan, L. E. Narter, S/Sgts. D. J. Aldrich, N. G. Sanschagrin, R. R. Thompson.

A/C 043: Lts. E. M. Lockhart, Jr., C. M. Woodbury, G. E. Williams, R. P. Sherwin, T/Sgts. W. C. Darden, R. R. Cetnarowski, S/Sgts. G. Serafin, A. W. Burns, J. Husick, C. W. Raphoon.

A/C 763: Lts. E. S. Arp, H. Sherman, W. F. Campbell, J. W. Hexum, T/Sgt. J. B. Wenninghoff, S/Sgts. F. G. Seaver, S. L. Hayes, S. W. Millward, N. F. Swierz, W. A. Gottschalk.

A/C 504: F/O R. A. Pitts, Lts. K. B. Rutledge, R. W. Fuller, C. W. Hicks,

T/Sgts. J. F. Osborne, F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgts. T. M. Power, E. J. Minehan, C. E. Allen, L. R. Rivera.

S/Sgt. V. O. Miller flew with the 323 rd Squadron in A/C 661.

17 August 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Albidress assigned and joined Squadron per SO 129, Par 3, Hq. 91 st Bomb Group.

FLYING: MISSION TO SCHWEINFURT, GERMANY.

Squadron supplied 7 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

816 1501 21,000 ft 10x500 4 boxes nickels

763-----Aborted over enemy territory &ndash credited with mission.-------------

679-----Aborted over enemy territory &ndash credited with mission.-------------

BOMBING RESULTS: Very good &ndash many hits on target area, and in marshalling yards adjacent to target area.

FLAK: Meager, inaccurate fire reported both on way in and way out of target. Moderate accurate fire reported at target.

ENEMY FIGHTERS: Terrific. About 250 to 350 single engine fighters were reported. Enemy aircraft pressed home attacks to the greatest extent. Seemed to throw caution to the winds. Came in groups of as many as 20 at a time. Too bad the fighter escort couldn&rsquot go the whole way in as E/A didn&rsquot hit us until our escort left and they left us again as soon as escort reappeared.

CASUALTIES: T/Sgt. D. F, Robertson &ndash killed in action. 20 missing in action.

AIRCREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/C 043: Ran out of gas and ditched in North Sea. Crew was picked up by Air Sea Rescue. Lt Lockhart who was on first American raid of August 17, 1942 with 97 th Group said when picked up &ldquoThis is a hell of a way to celebrate an anniversary.&rdquo CREW: Lts. E. M. Lockhart, C. M. Woodbury, G. E. Williams, R. P. Sherwin, T/Sgts. W. C. Darden, T. A. Cetnarowski, S/Sgts. J. Husick, C. W. Raphoon, A. W. Burns, G. Serafin.

A/C 639: Capt. H. T. Lay, Lts. J. Gelles, W. F. Campbell, R. W. Fuller, S/Sgt. D. F. Robertson, T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgts. W. A. Gottschalk, L. R. Rivera, Sgt. O. Loken (324 th ), S/Sgt. C. W. Clark,.

A/C 816: Lts. B. Peek, E. A. Porada, W. D. Mays (324 th ), W. E. Sticklen, S/Sgt. E. D. Heatherly, T/Sgts. W. R. Boggan, I. E. Narter, S/Sgts. D. J. Aldrich, N. G. Sanchagrin, W. F. Jones.

A/C 763: Lts. E. D. Arp, H. Sherman, J. A. Dean, J. W. Hexum, T/Sgts. J. B. Wenninghoff, F. G, Seaver, S/Sgts. R. A. Hatton, S. W. Millward, N. F. Swierz, S. L. Hayes.

A/C 679: F/O R. A. Pitts, Lts. K. B. Rutledge, R. A. Cawley (324 th ), C. Hicks, T/Sgts. J. F. Osborne, F. J. Parkerson, C. F. Snyder, Sgt. E. Niebojewski, S/Sgts. T. M. Power, C. E. Allen.

A/C 069: Lts. W. H. Wheeler, L. J. Bianchi, J. B. Newberry, D. E. Woodward, T/Sgts. J. S. Cobb, B. P. Scurlock, S/Sgts. L. H. Thomas, J. J. McGovern, R. O. Gillet, J. P. McBride.

A/C 437: Lts. A. E. Wieneth, S. Cook, C. H. Blackmon, W. J. Warose, T/Sgts. J. J. Halloran, C. E. Reidy, S/Sgts. J. D. Hall, E. A. Roe, V. E. Lamplot, Sgt. R. A. McDonald.

CLAIMS: Each of the following have received credit for destroying an FW 190 &ndash total score &ndash 6 destroyed.

S/Sgt. J. Husick, S/Sgt. C. W. Raphoon, S/Sgt. Heatherly, T/Sgt. I. E. Narter, T/Sgt. W. H. Boggan, Lt. W. S. Sticklen, S/Sgt. N. G. Sanschagrin.

18 August 1943 &ndash Pvt. Peris (hospital) transferred to Detachment of Patients, 49 th Station Hospital per Par 10, SO 140, AAF Station 121, August 15, 1943.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew cross-country for 1.30 hours.

19 August 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

GROUND SCHOOL: Radio Class 5 10.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1>00 hour.

Squadron supplied 3 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

921 1811.5 21,100 ft 144x20 lb

763 1812 21,000 ft 144x20 lb

079 1813 21,800 ft 144x20 lb

FLAK: Meager, but accurate fire was experienced from target area and vicinity.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 20-25 enemy fighters pressed home attacks but not on this formation. Attacks made in groups of from 2 to 5.

CLAIMS: Sgt. Niebojewski credited with 1 FW 190 destroyed.

CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIE:
A/C 921: Capt. H. T. Lay, Maj. J. C. Bishop (323 rd ), Lts. D. M. Williams, W. E. Sticklen, Maj. W. M. Jackson (8 th B. C.), Lt. W. B. Smith, T/Sgt. C. H. Snyder, S/Sgts. W. A. Gottschalk, C. W. Clark, T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgts. V. O. Miller, N. G. Sanschagrin.

A/C 763: Lts. E. D. Arp, H. Sherman, W. F. Campbell, J. M> Hexum, T/Sgt. J. B. Wenninghoff, S/Sgt. R. S. Hatton, T/Sgt. F. G. Seaver, S/Sgts. S. L. Hayes, S. W. Millward, N. F. Swierz.

A/C 079: F/O R. A. Pitts, Lts. K. B. Rutledge, R. W. Fuller, C. H. Hicks, S/Sgt. W. F. Mugut (323 rd ), T/Sgts. F. J. Parkerson, R. R. Thompson, S/Sgt. T. M. Power, Sgt. E. Niebojewski, S/Sgt. E. J. Minehan.

20 AUGUST 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

GROUND SCHOOL: Radio Class 6 12>00 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C flew locally for total logged time of 2>00 hours.

21 August 1943 &ndash Capt. Frank transferred to Casual Pool, 12 RCD, AAF Station 591, per Par 1, SO 223, Hq 1 st Bomb Wing dated August 19, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL: Security Lecture 7 10.15 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 4 4.00 man-hours.

Bombardiers Meeting 3 3.00 man-hours.

Lecture on Airmanship 5 5.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 4 2.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 4 4.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 2.00 hours.

22 August 1943 &ndash F/O McDuffee, S/Sgts. Balsey, Colvin, McIlwain assigned per Par 11, SO 132, 91 st Bomb Group dated August 20, 1943. T/Sgt. Snyder transferred to unknown destination per Secret 1 tr.

8 th AF dated August 20, 1943. S/Sgt. Beluschak (Hospital) transferred to Detachment of Patients, 2 nd General Hospital, APO 647, per Par 2, SO 142, AAF Station 121, August 19, 1943.

FLYING: 1 A/C on practice bombing mission for 3.30 hours, 15 bombs dropped. 1 A/C flew locally for 1.30 hours.

23 August 1943 &ndash T/Sgt. Darden, seriously injured in ditching of August 17, 1943 was taken to 16 th General Dispensary as of August 22, 1943.

S/Sgt. E. J. Booth transferred to CCRC 11 per Par 11, SO 198, 8thBC, dated August 19, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

Target Ident. 2 2.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 4 2.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew cross-country for 2.00 hours. 1 A/C flew locally for 1.45 hours. 2 A/C flew on high altitude practice bombing mission of 9.45 hours.

24 August 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Mason joined squadron per Par 11, SO 198, Hq 8 th BC, August 19, 1943. T/Sgt. Narter and S/Sgt. Heatherly transferred to Hq ETOUSA per Par 2, Cpl. Donovan transferred to 1 st Station Complement Squadron per Par11, SO 226, 1 st Bomb Wing dated August 22, 1943.

FLYING: MISSION TO VILLACOUBLAY.

Squadron supplied 4 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

379--------Aborted over enemy territory---credited with mission.

BOMBING RESULTS: Bombs missed MPI but hits and smoke were seen in target area.

FLAK: Meager inaccurate flak reported on way to target. Medium accurate flak experienced at target.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: About 10 to 15 E/A were seen but did not press home their attacks due to excellent fighter cover.

CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/C 679: F/O R. A. Pitts, Lts. K. B. Rutledge, N. Weltman, C. H. Hicks, T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgts. J. W. Clifton, T. M. Power, C. E. Allen, N. G. Sanschagrin, Sgt. Niebojewski.

A/C 379: Lts. E. M. Lockhart Jr., C. M. Woodbury, G. E. Williams, R. P. Sherwin, Sgt. L. A. Johnson, T/Sgts. T. R. Cetnarowski, R. R. Thompson, S/Sgts. G. Serafin, A. W. Burns, C. W. Raphoon.

25 August 1943 &ndash T/Sgt. Willenborg, Sgts. Yeager, Yenchik, York, Youker, Young, Ziegler and Zimmerman assigned and joined Squadron per Par 1, SO 135, 91 st Bomb Group dated August 24, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL: Target Ident. 4 4.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 7 3.30 man-hours.

Link Trainer 1 2.30 man-hours.

FLYING: 3 A/C flew locally for total logged time of 5.15 hours. 1 A/C flew cross-country for 1.15 hours.

26 August 1943 &ndash Sgt. Borowski and Pfc. Wollins transferred from Chemical Warfare Service to Air Corps per Par1, SO 145, AAF Station 121 dated August 24, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL: Security Lecture 8 16.00 man-hours.

Dinghy Lecture 9 18.00 man-hours.

Procedure Lecture 18 27.00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 1 3.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 4 6.00 man-hours.

Airmanship 5 5.00 man-hours.

Aircraft Recognition 30 30.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C this Squadron went off on operational mission but whole formation was called back &ndash no credit for sortie. 20x500 GP salvoed in North Sea.

27 August 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

GROUND SCHOOL: Sighting and Aiming 16 20.30 man-hours.

Link Trainer 2 2.30 man-hours.

First Aid Lecture 16 24.00 man-hours.

Security Lecture 12 12.00 man-hours.

Gunnery Lecture 16 32.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C flew locally total time logged 3.30 hours. 1 A/C flew cross-country for 2.30 hours.

Squadron supplied 3 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Very poor, bombs landed in wooded area to Northwest and Southeast of target area.

FLAK: Moderate accurate fire was experienced at St. Omer and at target. Meager inaccurate fire was seen coming from Calais.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 20 to 30 enemy fighters were seen. In only a few instances did E/A press their attacks home.

CASUALTIES: T/Sgt. James F. Osborne - Missing in Action &ndash Sgt. Osborne bailed out of plane over St. Omer. For no apparent reason he left his post and ran through waist of ship hollering for crew to bail out, whereupon he himself left ship from door in waist. Remainder of crew did not follow. A/C 379 was not in any trouble at the time but the flak was bursting close to the aircraft.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:

A/C 379: Lts. E. M. Lockhart, L. M. Woodberry, G. E. Williams, R. P. Sherwin, T/Sgt. T. R. Cetnarowski, S/Sgt. V. O. Miller, T/Sgt. J. F. Osborne, S/Sgts. G. Serafin, A. W. Burns, C. W. Raphoon, Capt. J. H. McPartlin.

A/C 816: Lts. Buster Peek, F. A. Porada, D. M. Williams, W. E. Stricklen, T/Sgt. W. H. Boggan, S/Sgt. W. F. Jones Jr., T/Sgt. J. B. Wenninghoff, S/Sgts. R. D. Hatton, D. J. Aldrich, N. G. Sanschagrin,.

A/C 679: F/O R. A. Pitts, Lts. K. B. Rutledge, N. Weltman, C. H. Hicks, T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgts. T. M. Power, J. W. Clifton, W. A. Gottschalk, Sgt. Niebojewski, S/Sgt. C. E. Allen.

28 August 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. G. B. Williams transferred to 364 th Service Group this Station per Par 2, SO 231, Hq, 1 st Bomb Wing dated August 27, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL: Intelligence Lecture 60 60.00 man-hours.

Gunnery Instructions 16 32.00 man-hours.

Sighting and Aiming 11 22.00 man-hours.

Bo mb Trainer 3 3.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 6 5.30 man-hours.

29 August 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. G. E. Williams duty to DS advance Radio Navigation School, AAF Station 112, per par 3, SO 229, 91 st Bomb Group dated August 25, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL: Gunnery Instructions 8 8.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C on practice bombing mission of 2.30 hours &ndash 10 practice bombs dropped. 2 A/C on cross-country flight total logged time 3.00 hours.

30 August 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lts. Hexum, McAvoy, Rutledge and F/O Pitts duty to 7 days leave at Rest Home also T/Sgt. Parkerson, S/Sgts. Aldrich, W. F. Jones, and Seaver, 7 days leave at EM Rest Home per Par 2 and 3, SO 140, AAF Station 121, dated August 15, 1943 (all forgoing applies to August 31, 1943.) Pfc. Hansen (Hospital) transferred to Detachment of Patients, 2 nd General Hospital, APO 647 per Par 4, SO 148, AAF Station 121 dated August 28, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer 5 5.30 man-hours.

Gunnery Lecture 8 8.00 man-hours.

Gunnery Instructions 7 7.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 4 A/C took off for mission but were recalled &ndash no sortie credit.

31 August 1943 &ndash No Personnel Changes except those shown erroneously in August 30, 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL: Link Trainer 4 5.45 man-hours.

Gunnery Instructions 8 8.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1A/C flew locally for .40 hours.

MISSION TO AMIENS GLISY AIRDROME

Squadron provided 4 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

816----Lost due to collision at English Coast on way out.----------

BOMBING RESULTS: Good heavy patterns fell in West and South dispersal areas of Airdrome.

ENEMY FIGHTERS: 3 or 4 Me 109s and FW 190s seen, no attacks on our formation.

FLAK: Meager, inaccurate fire experienced from vicinities of Poix and Glissy Airdrome.

CASUALTIES: Due to collision following is status of personnel of A/C 816.

Dead: 1 st Lt. Peek and 2 nd Lt. Fuller, F/O Edwards, T/Sgt. Boggan.

Unaccounted for: 2 nd Lt. Crist, T/Sgt. Payne, S/Sgts. Power, Sanschagrin and Sgt. Niebojewski.

Injured as result of bail-out from A/C 816: S/Sgt. C. E. Allen.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:

A/C 763: Lts. E. D, Arp, H. Sherman, N. Waltman, C. H. Hicks, T/Sgts.

J, B. Wenninghoff, R. R. Thompson, S/Sgts. R. D. Hatton, D. W. Millward, N. F. Swierz, D. L. Hayes.

A/C 484: Capt. H. T. Lay, Maj. D. G. Alford (91 st Group), Lts. D. M. Williams, W. E. Sticklen, Sgt. W. R. Clifton, T/Sgt. R, C, Cameron, S/Sgts. W. A. Gottschalk, V. O. Miller, L. R. Rivera, Lt. W. B. Smith.

A/C 816 was lost just after leaving English Coast due to a collision with an A/C from this Group. 816 broke up in air and all the crew except S/Sgt. Allen was lost.

401 st DAILY REPORTS prepared by 1 st Lt. J. E. Nilson

1 September 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Pacheco duty to DS, 10 th Replacement Depot per Par 1, SO 134, AAF Station 121, 21 August 1943. S/Sgt. Allen (Hosp) is in Royal Navy Sick Bay , Swainsborough Manor.

Link Trainer 4 pilots 3.30 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 3 b&rsquod&rsquors 3.00 man-hours.

Gunnery Instructions 10 gunners 20.00 man-hours.

Radio School 5 Radar Ops 20.00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 25 combat crew 25.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1A/C flew locally for 1 hour and 45 minutes. 1 A/C flew cross-country for 2 hours and 30 minutes.

2 September 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer 4 pilots 3.45 man-hours.

FLYING: MISSION TO CONCHES, FRANCE RECALLED>

Squadron provided 2 A/C for this mission.

NO CREWS GIVEN CREDIT FOR THIS MISSION .

3 September 1943 - 2nd Lts. Fuller (Killed 31 August), Newberry (MIA 17 August), Campbell, Sherwin, appointed 1 st Lts. per Par 9, SO 238, Hq ETOUSA, 26 August 1943. 2 nd Lt's. Anderson, Conlon, Evers, Jewett, Moore , Peacock, Roberts, Wallman, S/Sgts. Cardile, King, W. J. Rose,

Young, T. C. Assigned and joined Squadron per Par 5, SO 138, 91 st Bomb Group, 4 September 1943.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew cross-country for 1 hour.

MISSION TO ROMILLY-SUR-SEINE , FRANCE .

Squadron provided 2 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

763 0910.5 23,000 ft 12x500 (Romily)

591 0955 23,500 ft 12x500 (Evreaux)

RESULTS OF BOMBING: Romily unobserved because of haze at target. Good pattern on Evreaux dispersal areas.

FLAK: Meager, inaccurate AA fire reported from vicinities of Poix, Beauvais , Le Bourget. AA fire at Romily moderate but very accurate.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 25 &ndash30 E/A composed of FW 190s, Me 109s. and

4 &ndash 6 Ju 88s were seen which attacked very dispiritedly.

CLAIMS: S/Sgt. Louie Rivera, Tail Gunner A/C # 591, FW 190 Destroyed.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 763: Lt. E. D. Arp (P), Lt. Howard Sherman (CP), Lt. Nathan

Weltman (N), Lt. C. H. Hicks (B), T/Sgts. J. B. Wenninghoff, R. R. Thompson, S/Sgts. R. D. Hatton, N. W. Swierz, D. W. Millward, D. L. Hayes.

A/C 591: Capt. H. T. Lay (P), Lt. John Gelles (CP), Lt. W. F. Campbell (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), S/Sgt. J. W. Clifton, T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgts. C. W. Clark, V. O. Miller, G. L. Taft, Louie R. Rivera.

4 September 1943 &ndash T/Sgt. J. A. Wood assigned and joined Squadron

per Par 4, SO 138, 91 st Bomb Group, 4 September 1943. 1 st Lt. Lockhart appointed Capt. per Par 6, So 239, ETOUSA, 27 August 1943.

GROUND SCHOOL : Link Trainer 2 pilots 2.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C flew cross-country for 1 hour and 40 minutes.

5 September 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Wheeler (MIA 17 August) appointed Capt. per Par 6, So 239, ETOUSA, 27 August 1943. 2 nd Lts. Pope, Phillips, Ducote, F/O Mahe, T/Sgt. Repp, S/Sgts. Dannucci, Jackson , Polombo, and Walsh assigned and joined per Par1, SO 139, 91 st Bomb Group,

5 September 1943. T/Sgt. Capron, Neal, S/Sgts. Lenke, Resko, Weaver assigned and joined per Par 5, SO 138, 91 st Bomb Group, 4 September 1943.

FLYING: 3 A/C flew local formation flight for 3 hours and 45 minutes.

6 September 1943 &ndash Capt. Lockhart and 2 nd Lts. G. E. Williams, Woodbury duty to Stanbridge Earl&rsquos Rest Home per Par 2, T/Sgt. Cetnarowski, S/Sgts. Allen, Burns, Husick, Raphoon, Serafin duty to Moulsford Manor per Par3, SO 154, AAF Station 121, 5 September 1943. T/Sgt. Painter (DS, AAF Station 173) assigned and joined Squadron per Par 1, SO 139, 91 st Bomb Group, 5 September 1943.

Spotlight Trainer 2 Gunners 1:00 Man-hour.

Link Trainer 5 pilots 5:00 man-hours.

Oxygen, Dinghy and Parachute lecture 22 combat crew 77:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew cross-country for a total time of 4 hours.

MISSION TO STUTTGART , GERMANY .

Squadron provided 2 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

379 1015 24,000 ft 10x500 (Strasbourg-Kehl

763---------Missing in action.--------------------------------------------------------BOMBING RESULTS: Primary not bombed. Bombs dropped on Railroad Marshalling yard at Strasbourg-Kehl. Results unobserved.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 20-35 E/A including Me 109s, Few 190s and Ju 88s were seen. Only three spirited attacks made on this formation.

FLAK: Meager, inaccurate AA fire was experienced from Laon and Rheims en-route to target. Intense barrage at the primary. Meager, inaccurate fire from Dieppe and Beauvais on the way out.

CREW CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 379: Capt. Harry T. Lay (P), Lt. John Gelles (CP), Lt. W. F. Campbell (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), S/Sgt. J. W. Clifton, T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgt. C. W. Clark, Sgt. R. L. Youker, S/Sgts. E. P. Mason, L. R. Rivera.

A/C 763: Lt. E. D. Arp (P), Lt. Howard Sherman (CP), Lt. Nathan Weltman (N), Lt. C. H. Hicks (B), T/Sgts. J. B. Wenninghoff, R. R. Thompson, S/Sgts. R. D. Hatton, N. P. Swierz, D. W. Millward, D. L. Hayes.

7 September 1943 &ndash Pvt Dobson (conf) transferred to Disciplinary Training Center No 1, per Par 5,SO 154, AAF Station 121 5 September 1943. S/Sgt. Lasota transferred to CCRC 11 per Par 5, SO 212, Hq. 8 th Bomber Command, 3 September 1943. 2 nd Lt. G. E. Williams appointed 1 st Lt. per Par 11, SO 240, ETOUSA, 28 August 1943. 2 nd Lt. Gilbride appointed 1 st Lt. Per Par 10, SO 241, ETOUSA, 29 August 1943.

Pfc. L. R. Martin (hosp) transferred to Detachment of Patients, 49 Station Hospital, APO 875,per Par 3, SO 155, AAF Station121,

6 September 1943. 1 st Lt. Parsons DS to duty. 2 nd Lts. Hexum, McAvoy, Rutledge, F/O Pitts, T/Sgt. Parkerson, S/Sgts. Aldrich, W. F. Jones, and Seaver leave to duty.

Link Trainer 2 pilots 2 man-hours.

Navigation for Bombardiers 4 bombardiers 4 man-hours.

Target Identification 2 B&rsquodiers & Navs. 2 man-hours.

Lecture for Bombardiers 2 Bombardiers 2 man-hours.

Gunnery Instructions 10 gunners 20 man-hours.

FLYING: 5 A/C flew a high altitude formation flight for a total time of 17 hours. 1 A/C flew cross-country for 1 hour. 1 A/C flew locally for 2.00 hours.

8 September 1943 &ndash T/Sgt. Painter DS to duty. T/Sgt. Alba assigned and joined Squadron per Par 7, SO 140, 91 st Bomb Group, 8 September 1943.

Link Trainer 1 pilot 1 man-hour.

A/C Recognition 7 combat crew 7 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew cross-country for 1 hour and 30 minutes. 1 A/C flew a high altitude bombing mission for 4 hours. 5 A/C flew a high altitude formation gunnery mission for total time of 13 hours and 55 minutes.

&ndash 1 st Lt D. M. Williams transferred to Hq. 91 st Bomb Group per Par 3, SO 140, 91 st Bomb Group, 8 September 1943.

Gunnery Instructions 21 gunners 63:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 3 pilots 3:00 man-hours.

PW and Security Lecture 10 combat crew 10:00 man-hours.

10 September 1943 &ndash Pvt. McCall assigned and joined Squadron per Par 9, SO 244, 1 st Bomb Wing, 9 September 1943. Sgt. Uchman duty to DS, First Aid Station, Cambridge as of September 1, 1943.

Wing Network 2 radar operators 2:00 man-hours.

Radio Class (Beginners) 4 radar operators 32:00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 5 gunners 2:30 Man-hours.

Link Trainer 3 pilots 4:00 man-hours.

Gunnery Instructions 22 gunners 66:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1 hour and 15 minutes.

11 September 1943 &ndash Capt. Walker duty to DS, Stanbridge Earl&rsquos Rest Home as MO per Par 15, SO 241, 1 st Bomb Wing, 6 September 1943.

Sgt. R. H. Martin duty to DS, School #21, Buttonwood, Lancashire per Par 3, SO 243, 1 st Bomb Wing, 8 September 1943.

A/C Recognition 50 Combat crew 50:00 man-hours.

Navigation Class 2 Navigators 8:00 man-hours.

Target Identification 3 B&rsquodiers & Navs 3:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 4 Pilots 4:00 man-hours.

Gunnery Exams 9 Gunners 9:00 man-hours.

12 September 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

FLYING: 2 A/C flew cross-country for 40 minutes.

13 September 1943 &ndash Pvt. Montgomery assigned and joined Squadron per par 3, SO 145, 91 st Bomb Group, 19 September 1943. 2 nd Lts. Horning, Lilley, Rose, Verrill and Sgt. Silverman assigned and joined Squadron per Par 5, SO 142, 91 st Bomb Group, 13 September 1943.

S/Sgts. R. M. Jackson, Lepkowski, Lorman, and Sgt. DeGhetto (DS Station 172) assigned to Squadron per Par 5, SO 142, 91 st Bomb Group, 13 September 1943. Capt. Lockhart, 1 st Lt. G. E. Williams, 2 nd Lt. Woodbury, T/Sgt. Cetnarowski, S/Sgts. Allen, Burns, Husick, Raphoon, and Serafin leave to duty.

Bomb Trainer 1 Bombardier 1:00 man-hour.

Gee Trainer 1 Navigator 1:00 man-hour.

Navigation Classes 2 Bombardiers 8:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 2 Pilots 2:00 man-hours.

Code Practice 1 Radar Operator 1:00 man-hour.

FLYING: 2 A/C flew locally for 2 hours. 5 A/C flew a cross-country formation flight for a total time of 10 hours and 55 minutes.

14 September 1943 &ndash S/Sgts. Lepkowski, Lorman, and Sgt. DeGhetto DS to duty. Cpl. Chisar and Pfc. Bryant duty to DS, Snettisham per Par 4, SO 142, 91 st Bomb Group, 13 September 1943, 2 nd Lts. Kennefick, McAdams, Shipp, Winchester, T/Sgts. Allender, Ramones, S/Sgts. Kerr, E. V. Miller, Ortez and Pvt. Briggs assigned and joined Squadron per Par 4, SO 143, 91 st Bomb Group, 15 September 1943.

A/C Recognition 34 Combat crew 34:00 man-hours.

Target Identification 3 Bombardiers 3:00 man-hours.

Navigation Class 2 Bombardiers 7:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 4 Pilots 3:30 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 2 Bombardiers 2:00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 2 Gunners 1:00 man-hour.

FLYING: 5 A/C flew high altitude formation flight for 21 hours and 15 minutes. 1 A/C flew AFCE bombing flight for 2 hours 15 minutes.

1 A/C flew a cross-country flight for 40 minutes. 1 A/C flew locally for 2 hours and 5 minutes.

15 September 1943 &ndash Pvts. A. L. Allen, Amos and Campbell transferred to Hq & Hq Squadron, 41 st Bomb Wing per Par 7, SO 248, 1 st Bomb Wing, 13 September 1943. Transfer of Pfc. L. H. Martin (hosp) 7 September 1943, revoked per Par 2, SO 160, AAF Station 121, 15 September 1943. 2 nd Lts. Pitts, Rutledge, McAvoy and Hexum, T/Sgts. Parkerson and Repp, S/Sgts. Pacheco, Aldrich, Youker, and Mason duty to DS-XC Friston.

Link Trainer 6 Pilots 6:00 Man-hours.

AFCE Demonstration 4 Combat crew 4:00 man-hours.

Physiology of Flying 25 combat crew 25:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 4 A/C flew local high altitude formation flight for a total time of 10 hours and 10 minutes. 1 A/C flew 2.00 hours of night flying.

MISSION TO ROMILLY , FRANCE .

Squadron provided 2 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

073 1848 23,000 ft 38x100 lb

591 1848 22,400 ft 38x100 lb

BOMBING RESULTS: Bombs fell short of the target.

ENEMY OPPOSITION: From 3 to 10 FW 190s and Me 109s were seen. No attacks were made on this group.

FLAK: Meager, inaccurate flak reported from vicinities of Poix, Coulomiers, and Longueville. Meager inaccurate AA fire at the target.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 073: Lt. R. A. Pitts (P), Lt. K. R. Rutledge (CP), Lt. J. P. McAvoy (N), Lt. J. M. Hexum (B), T/Sgt. R. L. Repp, S/Sgt. A. L. Pacheco, T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgt. D. J. Aldrich, Sgt. R. L. Youker, S/Sgt. E. P. Mason.

A/C 591: Capt. H. T. Lay (P), Lt. John Galles (CP), Lt. W. F. Campbell (N), Lt. S. M. Clayton, Sgt. J. W. Clifton, T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgts. V. O. Miller, W. A. Gottschalk, L. R. Rivera, C. W. Clark.

16 September 1943 &ndash T/Sgt. Repp DS-XC to ab sk in hospital Diddington 19:30. 2 nd Lt. Pitts, Rutledge, McAvoy, & Hexum, T/Sgt. Parkerson, S/Sgts. Pacheco, Aldrich, Youker, & Mason DS_XC to duty.

2 nd Lt. Villanova to DS-XC to Church Daunt. S/Sgt. Rallis, 32398964 assigned and joined Squadron per Par 1, SO 144, 91 st Bomb Group 16 September 1943.

Link Trainer 3 Pilots 3:00 man-hours.

Shadowgraph 4 Gunners 2:00 man-hours.

Flying Control 2 Pilots 2:00 man-hours.

Bomb Fuses 1 Bombardier 1:00 man-hour.

British Procedures 2 Pilots 2:00 man-hours.

PW & Security Lecture 19 combat crew 38:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C flew cross-country for a total time of 2 hours 45 minutes.

MISSION TO NANTES , FRANCE .

Squadron provided 3 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Well concentrated hits on target of opportunity, a nearby airdrome.

ENEMY OPPOSITION: 25-45 FW 190s and Me 109s were seen.

FLAK: Meager, accurate fire experienced from vicinity of Rennes . Meager, inaccurate fire from North of Redon. Moderate, inaccurate AA fire at target.

CASUALTIES: T/Sgt. R. L. Repp, Radio Operator, flak injury in left foot.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION .

A/C 379: Capt. H. T. Lay (P), Lt. Col. Clemens Wurzbach (Group Commander) (CP), Lt. W. F. Campbell (N), Lt. D. M. Williams (Group Navigator) (N), Lt. W. E. Sticklen (B), S/Sgt. J. W. Clifton, T/Sgt. R. C. Cameron, S/Sgts. C. W. Clark, V. O. Miller, E. P. Colvin, Lt. W. B. Smith.

A/C 795: Lt. R. A. Pitts (P), Lt. M. H. Jewett (CP), Lt. J. P. McAvoy (N), Lt. J. M. Hexum (B), T/Sgt. R. L. Repp, S/Sgt. A. L. Pacheco, T/Sgt. F. J. Parkerson, S/Sgts. D. J. Aldrich, E. P. Mason, Sgt. R. L. Youker.

A/C 591: Capt. E. M. Lockhart (P), Lt. H. H. Evers (CP), Lt. G. E. Williams (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), S/Sgt. R. L. Olaque, T/Sgt. Cetnarowski, S/Sgts. C. W. Raphoon, George Serafin, A. W. Burns, John Husick.

2 nd Lt. Ralph A. Villanova (N) flew with an A/C from the 323 rd Squadron.

17 September 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lts. Foster, J. A. Johnson, Slane, Runner, S/Sgts. L. L. Brown, Kuhlman assigned and joined Squadron per Par 2, SO 144, 91 st Bomb Group, 16 September 1943. 2 nd Lt. Villanova DSXC to duty. Sgts. Yenchik, Zimmerman and Pvt, Dzikielewski duty to DS, Snettisham as of 16 September 1943 per Par 1, SO 160 AAF Station 121 15 September 1943.

Link Trainer 2 Pilots 2:00 man-hours.

Skeet Shoot 12 Combat crew 30:00 man-hours.

Dinghy Drill & Lecture 20 Combat crew 60:00 man-hours.

Physiology of Flying 30 Combat crew 30:00 man-hours.

Gunnery Lecture 10 Gunners 20:00 man-hours

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 45 minutes. 1 A/C flew cross-country for 1 hour,15 minutes.

18 September 1943 - S/Sgts. Gottschalk and Rivera transferred to Casual Pool, 12 RCD, AAF Station 591 per Par 20, SO 1, 1 st Bomb Division, 16 September 1943. Sgts. Groth and C. J. Smith assigned and joined Squadron per Par 2, SO 144, 91 st Bomb Group, 16 September 1943.

Security Lecture 8 Combat crew 8:00 man-hours.

PW Lecture 8 Combat crew 12:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 1 Pilot 1:00 man-hour.

A/C Recognition 37 Combat crew 37:00 man-hours.

Gunnery Instructions 12 Gunners 24:00 man-hours.

19 September 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lts. Hicks (MIA 16 September) and McAvoy appointed 1 st Lts. per Par 13, SO 252, ETOUSA, 9 September 1943.

2 nd Lts. Daniels and Woodbury appointed 1 st Lts. per Par 19, SO 253, ETOUSA, 10 September 1943.

1 st Lt. McAvoy duty to DS, Advanced Radar Navigation School, AAF Station 112, per Par 1, SO 249, 1 st Bomb Wing, 14 September 1943.

1 st Lt. Campbell, T/Sgt. Parkerson and S/Sgt. Clark transferred to Casual Pool, 12 th RCD, AAF Station 591 per Par 15, SO 2, 1 st Bomb Division 17 September 1943.

Appointment of 2 nd Lt. Pitts (13 September) effective September 12, confirmed by Par 1, SO 257, ETOUSA, 14 September 1943.

S/Sgt. Sly assigned and joined Squadron per Par 2, SO144, 91 st Bomb Group, 16 September 1943.

Cpl. Chisar and Pfc. Bryant DS to duty.

FLYING: 3 A/C flew cross-country for a total time of 6 hours and 25 minutes.

20 September 1943 &ndash Pvt. Douglas duty to DS, 8 th AF Gunnery School , Penhals, Cornwall , per Par 10, SO 249, 1 st Bomb Wing, 14 September 1943.

B-17 F Lecture 30 Pilots, Engineers 30:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 6 Pilots 6:30 man-hours.

Target Identification 14 Bombardiers & Navs. 14:00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 15 Gunners 8:30 man-hours.

Shadowgraph 3 Gunners 3:00 Man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 2 hours.

21 September 1943 &ndash T/Sgt. Allender, S/Sgts. Kerr, E. V. Miller, Ortis, and Pvt. Briggs duty to DS, Snettisham, per Par 5, SO 145, 91 st Bomb Group, 19 September 1943.

Security and PW Lecture 7 combat crew 14:00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 8 Combat crew 8:00 man-hours.

Skeet Shooting 7 Combat crew 14:00 man-hours.

Radio Network 1 Radar Operator 1:00 man-hour.

Link Trainer 4 Pilots 4:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 2 and a half hours.

7 A/C flew a local formation flight for a total time of 16 hours and 20 minute.

22 September 1943 &ndash T/ Sgt. Willenborg duty to DS, Radar School , RAF Station Cranwell, per Par 11, SO 5, 1 st Bomb Division, 20 September 1943.

Link Trainer 5 Pilots 4:45 man-hours.

Nav Class 2 Bombardiers 5:00 man-hours.

Radio Network 2 Radar Operators 2:00 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 3 Navigators 3:00 man-hours.

Gunnery Instructions 10 Gunners 20:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C night flying for 4 hours. 1 A/C flew locally for 55 minutes. 1 A/C flew cross-country for 2 hours. 8 A/C flew a high altitude formation flight for a total time of 17 hours, 45 minutes.

1 A/C flew a high altitude formation AFCE bombing mission for a total time of 2 hours and 15 minutes.

23 September 1943 &ndash T/Sgt. Capron duty to 49 th Station Hospital .

Sgt. Venezia duty to DS, London per Par 6, SO 144, 91 st Bomb Group 16 September 1943.

Skeet Shooting 12 Combat crew 24:00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 1 Radar Operator 1:30 man-hours.

Radio Network 4 Radar Operators 4:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 6 Pilots 7:00 man-hours.

FLYING: MISSION TO NANTES , FRANCE .

Squadron provided 4 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Generally described as good. Port area hit. Two hits on ship, primary target, reported.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 50 FW 190s, 2 Me 109s, and 2 Ju 88s reported.

FLAK: AA fire at target was moderate and accurate.

CASUALTIES: Sgt. R. L. Youker, slight flak wound on right shoulder.

T/Sgt. John A Capron, bullet in right fore-arm.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 591: Capt. H. T. Lay (P), Lt. C. R. Phillips (CP), Lt. D. L. DuCote (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), T/ Sgts. J. W. Clifton, R. C. Cameron, S/Sgts. George Serafin, E. P. Colvin, R. L. Youker.

A/C 679: Lt. H. H. Evers (P), Lt. R. S. Roberts (CP), Lt. B. D. Moore (N), Lt. W. P. Cenlon (B), T/Sgts. J. J. Shaughnessy, J. A. Capron, Sgt. C. R. Zimmerman, S/Sgts. T. C. Young, C. L. Ress, L. L. Gibbs.

A/C 793: Lt. M. H. Jewett (P), Lt. J. P. C. Anderson (CP), Lt. J. E. Peacock (N), Lt. C. S. Hudson (B), T/Sgts. W. F. King, J. A. Wood, Sgt. J. York, S/Sgts. Elmer Weaver, S. P. Reske, F. M. Lenke.

A/C 073: Lt. R. A. Pitts (P), Lt. W. R. Smith (CP), Lt. R. A. Villanova (N), Lt. J. M. Hexum (B), S/Sgt. Milton Ballis, T/Sgt. F. G. Seaver, S/Sgts. A. L. Pacheco, E. P. Mason, Sgt. J. W. Montgomery, S/Sgt. D. J. Aldrich.

24 September 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Soloman assigned and joined Squadron per Par 5, SO 148, 91 st Bomb Group, 25 September 1943.

Link Trainer 4 Pilots 4:15 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 3 Navs 3:30 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 39 Combat crew 39:00 man-hours.

Wing Network 2 Radar Ops 2:00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 2 B&rsquodiers 2:00 man-hours.

Target Identification 10 B&rsquodiers & Nav 10:00 man-hours.

Gee Film 20 Pilots & B&rsquodier 20:00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 4 Gunners 4:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C flew locally for 2 hours. 1 A/C flew cross-country for 3 hours and 15 minutes.

25 September 1943 &ndash T/Sgt. Darden (hospital) transferred to 2 nd General Hospital APO 647 per Par 5, SO 164, AAF Station 121, 24 September 1943. S/Sgt. Bara (sick in quarters) assigned and joined Squadron per Par 3, SO 221, 12 th RCD, 23 September 1943.

Harwell Trainer 3 Radar Ops 3:10 man-hours.

Lecture and Code 3 Radar Ops 3:55 man-hours.

Wing Network 1 Radar Ops 1:00 man-hour.

FLYING: 2 A/C flew locally for 4 hours and 35 minutes. 6 A/C flew a high altitude formation camera bombing mission for a total time of 25.00 hours.

26 September 1943 &ndash T/Sgt. Allender, S/Sgts. Kerr, E. V. Miller, Ortiz, and Pvt. Briggs and Sgt. R. H. Martin DS to duty. T/Sgt. Boyle assigned and joined Squadron per Par 3, SO 164,AAF Station 121, 24 September 1943. Sgt. Moertle transferred to 322 nd Squadron per Par 2, SO 148, 91 st Bomb Group, 25 September.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1 hour and 20 minutes.

1 A/C flew cross-country for 1 hour and 20 minutes. 3 A/C flew high altitude formation flight for 9 hours.

MISSION TO MEULAN , FRANCE .

Squadron provided 4 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 591: Capt. H. T. Lay (P), Lt. W. A. Daniels (CP), Lt. G. E. Williams (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), Lt. S. M. Slayton (B) (Group Bombardier), T/Sgts. R. C. Cameron, J. W. Clifton, S/Sgts. George Serafin, R. S. Balsey, E. P. Colvin, James X. McIlwain.

A/C 795: Lt. H. H. Evers (P), Lt. R. S. Roberts (CP), Lt. B. D. Moore (N), Lt. W. D. Conlon (B), Sgt. L. J. Moertle, S/Sgt. T. C. Young, T/Sgt.

J. J. Alba, S/Sgts. A. P. Cardile, L. L. Gibbs, C. L. Ross.

A/C 793: Lt. C. R. Phillips (P), Lt. W. B. Smith (CP), Lt. C. L. Ducote (N), Lt. J. D. Pope (B), T/Sgt. M. E, Painter, S/Sgts. R. L. Jackson, Milton Rallis, Sgt. C. R. Zimmerman, S/Sgts. Elvin Walsh, Anthony Dannucci.

A/C 080: Lt. M. H. Jewett (P), Lt. P. O. Anderson (CP), Lt. J. E. Peacock (B0, Lt. J. C. Weltman (N), T/Sgts. W. B. Neal, W. F. King, Sgt. Joseph York, S/Sgts. Elmer Weaver, S. P. Resko, F. H. Lenke.

27 September 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Ross duty to 49 th Station Hospital .

FLYING: 1 A/C flew cross-country for 2 hours, 15 minutes. 1 A/C flew a high altitude , cross-country AFCE bombing mission.

MISSION TO EMDEN , GERMANY .

Squadron provided 5 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

795 1015 23,700 ft jettisoned

742 0957 23,000 ft jettisoned

060 1005 23,500 ft 11x500 1x500 jettisoned

BOMBING RESULTS: 10/10 th undercast, results not observed. Black smoke seen rising from area west of railroad.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 20 to 65 Me 109s, and FW 190s were seen, and also 2 Ju 88s. Attacks were concentrated on the nose. &ldquoC&rdquo flight composed of 9 aircraft received most of the fighter opposition.

CASUALTIES: S/Sgt. C. L. Ross, 20 mm splinter in right hand.

FLAK: Meager, inaccurate AA fire encountered at Rottumeroog Island ,

at the target and at the islands of Juist and Nordernay.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 795: Lt. H. H. Evers (P), Lt. R. S. Roberts (CP), Lt. B. D. Moore (N), Lt. W. P. Conlon (B), Sgt. J. P. Armstrong, T/Sgt. J. S. Wood, S/Sgts. L. S. Kerr, A. P. Cardile, C. L. Ross, L. L. Gibbs.

A/C 742: Lt. R. M. Slane (P), Lt. J. K. Johnson (CP) Lt. A. C. Foster (N), Lt. W. C. Runner (B), T/Sgt. G. W. Boyle, S/Sgts. S. W. Sly, L. L. Brown, Sgt. J. W. Clifton, S/Sgt. R. L. Soloman, Sgt. C. J. Smith.

A/C 793: Lt. M. H. Jewett (P), Lt. J. P. Anderson (CP), Lt. J. E. Peacock (N), Lt. J. C. Weltman (B), T/Sgts. W. F. King, W. B. Neal, Sgt. Joseph York, S/Sgts. Elmer Weaver, S. P. Resko, F. H. Lenke.

A/C 060: Lt. E. R. Verrill (P), Lt. Joseph Rose (CP), Lt. A. J. Horning (N), Lt. J. A. Lilley (B), S/Sgts. Milton Rallis, R. M. Jackson, Sgt. D. A. Briggs, S/Sgts. S. H. Lewkowski, P. W. Lorman, Sgt. R. D. Ghetto.

A/C 729: Lt. C. R. Phillips (P), Lt. W. B. Smith (CP), Lt. G. L. DuCote (N), Lt. J. D. Pope (B), S/Sgt. R. J. Conrecode, T/Sgt. M. E. Painter, Sgts. C. R. Zimmerman, R. L. Youker, S/Sgts. A. Dannucci, Elvin Walsh.

28 September 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Burns duty to DS sick in quarters at 302nd Dispensary AAF Station 101,per Par 2,SO 166, AAF Station 121, 27 September 1943.

Radio Network 2 Radar Operators 2:00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 1 Radar Operator 2:30 man-hours.

Link Trainer 4 Pilots 4:30 man-hours.

Target Identification 10 B&rsquoDiers & Navs 10:00 man-hours.

29 September 1943 &ndash Pvt. Peris assigned and joined Squadron per Par 9, SO 224, 12th RCD, 26 September 1943. 1 st Lt. Kosscinski assigned and joined Squadron per VOCO. Sgt. Weingart duty to 49 th Station Hospital .

Pilots and Copilots Lecture 16 Pilots 20:00 man-hours.

Gunnery Class 60 Gunners 60:00 man-hours.

Aircraft Recognition 77 Combat crew 77:00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 4 Radar Ops 4:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 3 Pilots 4:00 man-hours.

Skeet Shooting 10 Combat crew 20:00 man-hours.

APC & EGB Compass Lecture 9 Navigators 9:00 man-hours.

Dinghy Drill 100 Combat crew 50:00 man-hours.

Gunnery Instructions 8 Gunners 16:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 2 hours, 15 minutes.

30 September 1943 - S/Sgt. Palombo duty to DS, 1 st Bomb Division per VOCO.

Spotlight Trainer 5 Gunners 2:30 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 2 Bombardiers 2:00 man-hours.

PW Film 75 Combat Crew 75:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 4 Pilots 4:45 Man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 1 Radar Operator 1:00 man-hour.

Transcriber&rsquos note: The individual preparing the Daily Reports for October has changed from 1 st Lt. J. E. Nilson to Capt. F. J. Davison.

1 October 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

Target Identification 14 14 man-hours.

Gunnery Class 48 48 man-hours.

Aircraft Recognition 54 54 man-hours.

Wing Net Work 4 4 man-hours.

Link Trainer 4 4 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 5 5 man-hours.

Skeet Shooting 9 18 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C night flying logging total of 3.50 hours. 2 A/C local flying logging total 3.30 hours.

2 October 1943 &ndash Cpl. Morgan 34249772 transferred to First Station Complement.

Link Trainer 3 3.15 man-hours.

Radio Test 2 2.00 man-hours.

Radio Procedure 1 2.00 man-hours.

Radio Lecture 1 1.00 man-hour.

Shadowgraph 4 4.00 ma-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C local transition logging total of 1.15 hours. 1 A/C on cross-country for 1.30 hours.

MISSION TO EMDEN , GERMANY .

Squadron supplied 4 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

484 1610 22,300 ft 42x100 IB 2x1,000 GP

073 1615 22,000 ft 42x100 IB 1x1,000 GP

793 1610 22,000 ft 2x1,000 GP only

729 1609.5 22,100 ft 42x100 only

BOMBING RESULTS: Unobserved because of weather.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 5 &ndash 30 encountered by this combat wing. Attacks not pressed.

FLAK: Meager, inaccurate AA fire reported from vicinity of Schiermonnikoog Island , AA fire was moderate and inaccurate at target. Meager, inaccurate fire reported from Nordernay Island .

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 484: Capt. H. T. Lay, Major C. G. Gillespie, Lts. J. P. McAvoy, W. E. Sticklen, T/Sgts. J. W. Clifton , R. C. Cameron, S/Sgts. G. L. Taft, E. P. Colvin, J. X. McIlwain, F/O P. G. McDuffee.

A/C 073: Lts. C. R. Phillips, B. Smith, G. G. Winchester, J. D. Pope, T/Sgt. E. W. Koprowski (324 th Squadron) Sgt. L. P. Lenchik, Sgt. C. R. Zimmerman, S/Sgts. R. L. Jackson, Anthony Dannucci, E. Walsh.

A/C 793: Lts. E. R. Verrill, J. Rose, A. J. Horning, J. A. Lilley, S/Sgt. J. P. Holbrook (324 th Squadron) S/Sgt. R. M. Jackson, Sgt. D. A. Briggs, S/Sgts. S. E. Pepkowski, P. A. Lorman, Sgt. R. D. DeGhetto.

A/C 729: Capts. E. M. Lockhart, J, H. McPartlin, Lts. G. E. Williams, R. P. Sherwin, T/Sgts. G. W. Boyle, T. R. Cetnarowski, S/Sgts. G. Serafin, J. Husick, Sgt. R. L. Youker, S/Sgt. C. W. Raphoon.

3 October 1943 &ndash Cpl. Breed 1107 0973 duty to DS #21 School, Buttonwood, Lancaster. Capt Bettis O-437105 promoted to Major effective September 27, 1943 under Par 17, SO 270, ETOUSA, dated September 27, 1943.2 nd Lts. Albidress O-568414, Evers O671915, Phillips O-795465, promoted to 1 st Lts. effective September 27, 1943 under Par 17, SO 270, ETOUSA, dated September 27, 1943.

FLYING: 1 A/C local transition logging 1.35 hours. 1 A/C Combat Search Flight logging 5.30 hours.

4 October 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Ruppert 13042428 transferred to CCRC Gp.

Capt. Lay O-664412 duty to 7days leave at Stanbridge Earl&rsquos Rest home.

Link Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 1 1.15 man-hours.

Code Practice 1 2.15 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 6 3.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C cross-country flight for 1.50 hours.

MISSION TO FRANKFURT , GERMANY .

Squadron furnished 5 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

484 1111 26,500 ft 42x100 lb

793 1056 26,000 ft Jettisoned

742 1056 26,000 ft 42x100 lb

729 1056 26,000 ft 42x100 lb

BOMBING RESULTS: Good, much smoke and many fires observed in Target area. Main concentration of bombs from this group is believed to have fallen North and slightly West of MPI.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 50 to 150 single engine fighters and 50 to75 twin engine A/C were encountered. Ju 88 seen in formation. Encounters very spirited. Me 110s fired rockets at our formation.

FLAK: Moderate accurate AA fire experienced at target, scattered inaccurate, meager AA fire reported all along route.

CASUALTIES: Sgt. R. D. DeGhetto slightly wounded.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 484: Lts. R. A. Pitts. K. B. Rutledge, J. P. McAvoy, J. M. Hexum, T/Sgts. J. W. Clifton, F. G. Seaver, S/Sgts. A. L. Pacheco, E. P. Mason, Sgt. J. W. Montgomery, S/Sgt. D. J. Aldrich.

A/C 793: Lts. E. R. Verrill, J. Rose, A. J. Horning, J. A. Lilley, T/Sgt. G. W. Boyle, S/Sgts. R. M. Jackson, D. A. Briggs, P. A. Lorman, Sgt. R. D. DeGhetto, S/Sgt. G. L. Taft.

A/C 742: Lts. R. M. Slane, J. K. Johnson, A. G. Foster, W. C. Runner, S/Sgts. V. H. Kuhlman, S. W. Sly, L. L. Brown, Sgt. C. J. Groth, S/Sgt. R. L. Solomon, Sgt. C. J. Smith.

A/C 737: Lts. H. H. Evers, R. S. Roberts, B. C. Moore, J. C. Wellman, T/Sgts. J. J. Alba, J. W. Wood, S/Sgts. L. S. Kerr, T. C. Young, Sgt. C. E. Edwards, S/Sgt. L. L. Gibbs.

A/C 729: Lts. C. R. Phillip0s, R. Shipp, G. G. Winchester, C. S. Hudson, T/Sgt. W. F. King, Sgts. L. P. Yenchik, C. R. Zimmerman, J. H. Clifton, S/Sgts. A. Dannucci, E. Walsh.

5 October 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Gelles O799376 duty to 7 days leave at Stanbridge Earl&rsquoS Rest home.

Skeet Shoot 8 16.00 man-hours.

Dinghy Drill 10 20.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 3 3.15 man-hours.

Radio Network 4 4.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 1 1.30 man-hours.

Code Practice 1 2.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C local transition logging total of 3.00 hours. 1 A/C cross-country hop for 1.25 hours.

6 October 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Harold G. McConnell 15331398 assigned and joined effective October 4, 1943. 2 nd Lt. Pitts O-2044671 promoted to 1 st Lt. Effective October 1, 1943 under Par 4, SO 272, 8 th AF dated October 1, 1943.

Link Trainer 3 2.30 man-hours.

Target Identification 9 9.00 man-hours.

Camera Bombing 8 8.00 man-hours.

Aircraft Recognition 35 35.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 9 4.30 man-hours.

Code Check 2 2.00 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 5 4.30 man-hours.

7 October 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

GROUND SCHOOL : Target Identification 2 2.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C on AFCE Camera Bombing Mission for 3.15 hours.

1 A/C on local transition for 2.00 hours. 3 A/C on cross-country hop for 5.30 hours.

8 October 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

GROUND SCHOOL : Radio Network 3 4.05 man-hours.

Code Practice 1 2.00 man-hours.

FLYING: MISSION TO BREMEN , GERMANY .

Squadron supplied 5 A/C for mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

073 1505 24,000 ft 12x500 GP

BOMBING RESULTS: Due to heavy smoke screen and haze, bombing results were generally unobserved. However crews believe bombs fell in target area.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 100 to 200 single engine and twin engine enemy fighters encountered.

FLAK: Meager, inaccurate black AA fire , out of range, was reported at Den Helder . At the target, the AA fire was accurate and intense.

CASUALTIES: S/Sgt. L. S. Kerr, cut scalp in turret. Sgt. R. L. Younker crushed right leg. Lt T. W. Kennefick wounded in wrist, cut over right eye and glass in left eye.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 060: Lts. H. H. Evers, R. S. Roberts, B. D. Moore, C. S. Hudson, T/Sgts. J. J. Alba, J. A. Wood, S/Sgts. L. S. Kerr, T. C. Young, Sgt. R. L. Youker, S/Sgt. L. L. Gibbs.

A/C 073: Lts. C. R. Phillips, W. B. Smith, G. G. Winchester, T. W. Kennefick, S/Sgt. V. H. Kuhlman, T/Sgt. M. E. Painter, Sgt. C. R. Zimmerman, S/Sgts. R. L. Jackson, A. Dannucci, E. Walsh.

A/C 805: Lts. R. A. Pitts, Robert Shipp, J. P. McAvoy, J. M. Hexum, S/Sgt. J. P. Holbrook, T/Sgt. R. R. Rodenbaugh, S/Sgts. A/ L/ Pacheco, E. P. Mason, Sgt. J. W. Montgomery, S/Sgt. D. J. Aldrich.

Lt. Hudson did a terrific job of first aid on Kerr and Youker in A/C 060. Sgt. B. W. Yeager flew with 322 nd Squadron.

9 October 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Andrew NMI Beluschak 32466450 assigned and joined.

Skeet Shooting 7 14.00 man-hours.

Wing Network 4 4.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

FLYING: 1 A/C logged 2.00 hours on high altitude, bombing and navigation mission.

MISSION TO ANKLAM , GERMANY .

Squadron supplied 5 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

679 1145.5 12,500 ft Jettisoned

073 1144 12,500 ft 3x1,000 5 IB

BOMBING RESULTS: Hits in target area and city observed. Crews report billowing dust and flames rising to great heights.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 70 to 300 enemy fighters encountered. Many kinds of twin engine planes encountered, closed in to scrap. Quite a few rockets.

CASUALTIES: Lt. C. S. Hudson hit by 20 MM, left wrist broken and right arm broken and shoulder torn open.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 679: Lts. M. H. Jewett, D. C. Anderson, J. E. Peacock, J. C. Wellman, T/Sgts. W. F. King, W. B. Neal, Sgts. York, L. W. Bryant, S/Sgts. S. P. Resko, F. H. Lenke.

A/C 073: Lts. H. H. Evers, R. S. Roberts, B. D. Moore, C. S. Hudson, T/Sgts. J. J. Alba, J. A. Wood, S/Sgts. G. L. Taft, T. C. Young, E. P. Colvin, L. L. Gibbs.

10 October 1943 &ndash Cpl. Kickerson 3435300 duty to DS at School at Buttonwood, Lancs.

FLYING: MISSION TO MUNSTER , GERMANY .

Squadron supplied 4 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

484 1518 26,000 ft 42x100 IB

506 1518 25,000 ft 42x100 IB

729 1518 25,500 ft 42x100 IB

BOMBING RESULTS: Crews reported hits in city and marshalling yards. Claim good bomb pattern and the town well covered.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 20 enemy fighters observed, mostly Me 110s,

Ju 88s and a few Me 109s. Spirited attacks on other formations.

FLAK: Intense accurate AA fire at IP in Ruhr, moderate and accurate AA fire at Munster and Hamm . Meager, inaccurate fire in vicinities of Goteralok, Amsterdam and an airfield about two miles SW of Amsterdam .

CASUALTIES: 10 missing in action.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 484: Lts. R. A. Pitts, R. Shipp, J. P. McAvoy, J. M. Hexum, S/Sgt. F. J. Barry, Sgt. L. P. Yenchik, S/Sgts. A. L. Pacheco, E. P. Mason, Sgt. J. W. Montgomery, S/Sgt. D. J. Aldrich.

A/C 506: Lts. R. M. Slane, J. A. Johnson, R. A. Villanova, W. C. Runner, S/Sgts. V. H. Kuhlman, S. W. Sly, L. L. Brown, R. L. Solomon, Sgts. C, J, Groth, C. J. Smith.

A/C 729: Lts. K. B. Rutledge, W. R. McAdams, G. C. Winchester, J. D. Pope, T/Sgts. W. F. King, S. W. Allender, S/Sgts. G. Serafin, G. M. Ortiz, Sgt. L. W. Bryant, S/Sgt. E. V. Miller.

A/C 737: Lts. E. R. Verrill, J. Rose, A. J. Horning, J. A. Lilley, T/Sgt. R. L. Repp, S/Sgts. R. M. Jackson, G. L. Taft, S. E. Lepkowski, P. A. Lorman, Sgt. R. D. DeGhetto.

11 October 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Target Identification 8 8.00 man-hours.

Aircraft Recognition 35 35.00 man-hours.

Gunnery Class 8 8.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 4 3.45 man-hours.

Skeet Shoot 8 20.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 1 1.30 man-hours.

Code Practice 5 3.45 man-hours.

12 October 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Link Trainer 2 2.45 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Target Identification 5 5.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 10 5.00 man-hours.

Security Lecture & Film 200 200.00 man-hours.

13 October 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Skeet Shoot 8 16.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

FLYING: 1 A/C local transition logging .35 hours.

4 A/C started out on mission which was scrubbed, total time logged 9.00 hours.

14 October 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Harwell Trainer 1 1.30 man-hours.

Code Practice 3 4.45 man-hours.

Link Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

FLYING: MISSION TO SCHWEINFURT , GERMANY .

Squadron supplied 5 crews and 4 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

484 1440 23,000 ft 6x500 GP

802 1439.5 23,000 ft 6x500 GP

BOMBING RESULTS: Very good!! Hits were seen on aiming points, and all over target area. Heavy smoke observed rising to great heights.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 100 Me 109s and FW 190s and 100Me 110s,

Me 210s and Ju 88s were encountered on way in. Twin engine planes firing rockets. No encounters on way out due to fine planning of route.

FLAK: Meager, inaccurate AA fire was reported from vicinities of Turnout, and Oostmalle at the target AA fire was moderate but inaccurate. On way back AA fire was reported from vicinity of Germerschein.

CASUALTIES: 10 missing in action. T/Sgt. J. J. Alba hit by 20 MM fragments in finger of right hand, left ankle and bridge of nose.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 484: Capt. H. T. Lay, Lt. Col. T. R. Milton (Hq), Lt. J. P. McAvoy,

Capt. D. M. Williams (Hq), T/Sgts. J. W. Clifton, R. C. Cameron, S/Sgts. C. R. Zimmerman, E. P. Colvin, V. O. Miller, F/O P. G. McDuffee.

A/C 802: Lts. H. H. Evers, R. S. Roberts, B. D. Moore, Capt. W. E. Sticklen, T/Sgts. J. J. Alba, J. A. Wood, Sgt. B. Silverman, S/Sgt. T. C. Young, Sgt. L. W. Bryant, S/Sgt. L. L. Gibbs.

A/C 714: Lts. R. S. Slane, J. A. Johnson, A. G. Foster, W. C. Runner, S/Sgts. S. W. Sly, V. H. Kuhlman, R. Solomon, L. L. Brown, Sgt. C. J. Groth.

15 October 1943 &ndash T/Sgt. William C. Darden 6950807 assigned and joined.

FLYING: 1 A/C cross-country hop for .55 hours.

16 October 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Billy G. Ponder (Co-pilot) O-745742 assigned and joined.

Link Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

Code Practice 1 2.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 5 A/C flew locally logging total of 8.00 hours.

17 October 1943 &ndash Capt Lay O-664412, T/Sgt. Cameron 39092707 having completed tour of 30 missions were today transferred to Casual Pool 12 th RCD, AAF Station 591.

GROUND SCHOOL : Sex Morality Lecture and Articles of War- Entire Squadron.

FLYING: 3 A/C flew local formation for total of 6.00 hours.

18 October 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lts. Hexum O-734685. Hudson O-736645, Rutledge O-672442, promoted to 1 st Lts. effective October 1, 1943 under Par ?, SO 274, ETOUSA dated October 1, 1943.

Code Check 3 5.30 man-hours.

Link Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 4 A/C flew locally logging total of 5.30 hours. 2 A/C flew on Air Sea Rescue Mission logging total of 14.00 hours. 2 A/C started out on mission but were recalled &ndash no mission credit.

19 October 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Joseph R. Shackleton O-855202, assigned and joined as Communications Officer.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew cross-country hop of 1.10 hours. 3 A/C flew local formation logging total of 10.20 hours. 2 A/C flew on Air Sea Rescue Mission logging total of 10.00 hours.

20 October 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Harwell Trainer 2 3.00 man-hours.

Radio Network 1 2.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 5 7.15 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1.30 hours. 2 A/C flew cross-country hop logging 2.20 hours. 2 A/C took part in Mission to Germany but both aborted without mission credit. (Poor day for the Squadron.) Logged 10.30 hours.

21 October 1943 - Pvt. Cardile 33326237 duty to DS, 8 th AF Gunnery School , Penhale, Cornwall .

Radio Procedure 9 10.00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

Link Trainer 3 3.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 1 1.30 man-hours.

FLYING: 5 A/C flew local formation logging total of 14.30 hours.

22 October 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Arnold O. Williams (Pilot) O-801230, 2 nd Lt. Horace C. Michold (Co-pilot) O-743069, 2 nd Lt. Joe G. Stuart (Navigator) O-673833, 2 nd Lt. James A. Graham (Bombardier)

O-686149, Sgt. Donald R. Bartlett 18190505, Sgt. Jewel G. Maddox 34365015, Sgt. Albert G. Romulis 13153309, Sgt. Aldrich A. Seeley 17155252, Sgt. Maurice F. Skeles 17122160, Sgt. Milton NMI Wauneka 38168863, Pfc. William R. Rouse 13104745 assigned and joined Par 3, SO 166, 91 st Bomb Group dated October 23, 1943.

23 October 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Contopidis O-795207 transferred to Zone of Interior effective August 5, 1943.

Bomb Trainer 3 3.00 man-hours.

Ship Recognition 70 70.00 man-hours.

Intelligence Lecture 35 35.00 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 1 2.30 man-hours.

Radio Network 1 2.30 man-hours.

FLYING: 3 A/C local formation logging total of 3.45 hours.

24 October 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Ponder O-745742 transferred to 322 nd Bomb Squadron, same station.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 2.15 hours. 2 A/C flew cross-country for total of 1.00 hours.

25 October 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. R. F. Johnson O-328913 transferred to Hq. 91 st Bomb Group, same station.

Harwell Trainer 3 4.30 man-hours.

Code Practice and Lecture 2 14.00 man-hours.

Lecture in Radio Procedures 1 .30 man-hour.

FLYING: 5 A/C flew local formation for total of 5.00 hours.

26 October 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Link Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

Navigation Class 2 6.00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 34 34.00 man-hours.

Wing Network 2 2.00 man-hours.

Code & Harwell Trainer 2 7.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 5 8.45 man-hours.

Bombardiers Lecture 5 5.00 man-hours.

27 October 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

SOCIAL: Squadron held dance at Aero Club on the Base with Molesworth Band supplying the music. WAAFs from Henlo and civilian girls were guest. Had chocolate ice cream much to the delight of everyone. Party hours 2000 to 2330 hours.

A/C Recognition 53 53.00 man-hours.

Skeet Shooting 8 16.00 man-hours.

Formation Flying Lecture 75 150.00 man-hours.

Target Identification 10 10.00 man-hours.

28 October 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Jewett O-670556 promoted to 1 st Lt. Effective September 6, 1943, Par 15, SO 249, WD, September 6, 1943.

Spotlight Trainer 8 4.00 man-hours.

Test, Code & Lecture 2 16.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 4 5.45 man-hours.

Bombardiers Lecture 5 5.00 man-hours.

29 October 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt Woodbury (hospital) O-728944 transferred to Detachment of Patients, 2 nd General Hospital . T/5 Martin A. Matikinus 31191501 (Ordnance), Pfc. Giles E. Boatman 38420545 assigned and joined.

Link Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 6 9.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 4 4.15 man-hours.

Radio Test 1 1.30 man-hours.

Navigation Lecture 6 6.00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 45 45.00 man-hours.

30 October 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.
GROUND SCHOOL :

Wing Network 4 6.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 6 A/C took off on a mission &ndash it was recalled &ndash no credit for mission allowed &ndash total time logged 27.00 hours.

31 October 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

401 st DAILY REPORTS prepared by 1 st Lt. J. E. Nilson

1 November 1943 &ndash T/Sgt. Atterbury duty to DS, AFCE Equipment School, AAF Station 582.

Link Trainer 5 5:00 man-hours.

Procedure Review 2 4:00 man-hours.

Code Practice 10 18:45 man-hours.

Skeet Shoot 8 16:00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 11 5:00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 2 2:00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 25 25:00 man-hours.

Gunnery Class for Tail Gunners 20 20:00 man-hours.

2 November 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES

Target Identification 14 14:00 man-hours.

Radio Operators 10 10:00 man-hours.

Shadowgraph 3 3:00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 2 2:00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 1 1:00 man-hour.

Wing Network 1 1:30 man-hours.

Code Practice 5 5:15 man-hours.

Procedure Lecture 2 3:30 man-hours.

Link Trainer 4 4:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1.30 hours.

3 November 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Ryan duty to DS, Armament School, RAF Station Kirkham, Lancs. 1 st Lt. Gilbride transferred to 322 nd Bomb Squadron. 2 nd Lt. Pope, S/Sgt. Gibbs duty to 49 th Station Hospital.

Skeet Shoot 8 8:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1.00 hour.

MISSION TO WILHELMSHAVEN, GERMANY.

Squadron supplied 6 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

729 1308 21,000 ft 10x500 Jettisoned 14 IB

795 1310 21,000 ft 10x500 and 14 IB

484 1309 21,300 ft 10x500 and 14 IB

BOMBING RESULTS: Pathfinder job results could not be observed.

ENEMY FIGHTERS: 10 to 70 E/A reported, including FW 190s, Me 109s, 3 FW 189s,2 Me 110s and 1 Ju 87.

FLAK: Moderate inaccurate flak at the target. Inaccurate fire experienced in vicinity of Schiermonnikoog Island on the way in, and some more inaccurate AA fire from Nordernay or Juist Islands on the way out.

CASUALTIES: Lt. J. D. Pope &ndash leg wound. S/Sgt. Leonard Gibbs wound in left thigh.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:

A/C # 729: Lt. J. R. Westwood (P), Lt. W. R. Smith (CP), Lt. J. G. Stuart (N), Lt. J. D. Pope (B), Sgt. Milton Rallis, T/Sgt. M. E. Painter, S/Sgts. C. R. Zimmerman, R. L. Jackson, Anthony Dannucci, Elvin Walsh.

A/C # 795: Lt. H. H. Evers (P), Lt. R. S. Roberts (CP), Lt. B. D. Moore (N), Lt. W. P. Conlon (B), T/Sgts. W. G. King, J. A. Capron, S/Sgts. Joseph York, T. C. Young, R. L. Youker, L. L. Gibbs.

A/C # 484: Capt. E. M. Lockhart (P), F/O P. G. McDuffee (CP), Lt. G. E. Williams (N), Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), T/Sgts. W. C. Darden, T. R. Cetnarowski, S/Sgts. George Serafin, John Husick, Sgt. J. H. Clifton, S/Sgt. C. W. Raphoon.

THE FOLLOWING CREWS ARE LISTED AS MISSING IN ACTION:

A/C # 742: Lt. W. B. McAdams (P), Lt. Robert Shipp (CP), Lt. G. C. Winchester (N), Lt. T. W. Kennefick, T/Sgt. Alfred Ramones, S. W. Allender, S/Sgts. Bernard Silverman, G. M. Ortiz, Sgt. J. G. Chisar, S/Sgt. E. V. Miller.

A/C # 805: Lt. R. A. Pitts (P), Lt. A. O. Williams (CP), Lt. J. P. McAvoy (N), T/Sgts. I. E. Narter, J. W. Clifton, Sgt. L. P. Yenchik, S/Sgts. A. L. Pacheco, E. P. Mason, Sgt. C. E. Edwards, S/Sgt. J. W. Montgomery.

A/C # 802: Lt. K. B. Rutledge (P), F/O A. E. Mahe (CP), Lt. J. E. Peacock, S/Sgts. T. E. Merritt, Milton Wauneka, T/Sgt. R. R. Rodenbaugh, Sgt. F. J. Beauregard, S/Sgts. E. P. Colvin, J. X. McIlwain, R. S. Balsey.

4 November 1943 - 1 st Lt. Tibbets (P), O-393088, 2 nd Lts. Billy S. Brown (Comm), 2044859, Sidney Edelstein (B), O-747996, Alex Ellerman, (CP), O-805419, Kenneth W. Falleck (CP), O-682833, William F. Gibbons (P),

O-802738, Charles A. Guinn (P), O-745015, Robert J. Hornbeck (N),

O-678288, Wendell W. Quattlebaum (B), O-744330, Leo T. Sharum (N), O-739225, Donald E. Shea (N), )-729517, Richard A. Werthein (B), O-678419, S/Sgt. Bert A. Stieler,32448783, Sgts. Charles R. Clark, 15323194, Walter J. Davis, 36635837, William O. Douponce, 16111904, Charles W. Dyer, 35560824, Robert C. Ginsberg, 12150220, John Hinda, 33419907, Robert E. Kidder, 11101585, Gerald E. McDowell, 33480463, Dana E. Morse, 15320654, William E. Rasmussen, 16064955, Woodrow W. Tressler, 12139879 assigned and joined Squadron from 2900 th CCRC. Pvt. Rentx duty to SD, Station Trans.

Link Trainer 3 Pilots 2:45 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 3 Bombardiers 2:00 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 3 Bombardiers 3:00 man-hours.

Radio Lecture 1 Radar Operator 2:00 man-hours.

Code 3 Radar Operators 5:15 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 13 Combat Crew 13:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C, local flight for 1 hour and 30 minutes.

5 November 1943 - Sgts. James W. Brady, 32251021, Clarence R. Bateman, 18130916, Julius W. Edwards, 32271927, Paul H. Goecke, 15340756, John R. Pardons, 35371110, assigned and joined Squadron from 2900 th CCRC.

Skeet Shooting 9 Combat Crew 18:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 3 Pilots 3:00 man-hours.

Wing Network 4 Radar Operators 6:00 man-hours.

MISSION TO GELSENKIRCHEN, GERMANY.

Squadron provided 3 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

RESULTS OF BOMBING: Large amount of smoke and fire seen in target area. Accurate results unobtainable due to industrial haze and smoke screen.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: From 10 to 20 E/F&rsquos seen consisting of FW 190&rsquos, Me 109&rsquos, Do 217&rsquos and Me 110&rsquos. No direct attacks on this group.

FLAK: AA fire was intense but inaccurate for our aircraft flying at altitudes from 28,500 to 29,000. Several white puffs observed above our A/C. Inaccurate AA fire reported from vicinities of Kaldenkirchen and Tilburg.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION.

A/C 484: Capt. E. M. Lockhart (P), 1 st Lt. N. A. Daniels (CP), 1 st Lt. Granville E. Williams (N), 1 st Lt. R. P. Sherwin (B), S/Sgt. J. P. Holbrook, T/Sgt. Ted Cetnarowski, S/Sgts. George Serafin, John Husick, V. O. Miller, C. W. Raphoon.

A/C 073: 1 st Lt. H. H. Evers (P), 2 nd Lt. R. S. Roberts (CP), 2 nd Lt. B. D. Moore (N), 2 nd Lt. Wifred P. Conlon (B), Sgt. M. Rallis, T/Sgt. J. Capron, S/Sgt. C. R. Zimmerman, Sgt. L. W. Bryant, Sgt. J. H. Clifton, S/Sgt. T. C. Young.

6 November 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Harold E. Wingate, 33225630, assigned and joined Squadron. Sgt. Peters, 12030250, duty to DS, Bovingdon.

Sgt. Knight, 15089195, duty to DS, RAF Station Cranwell, effective Nov3. S/Sgt. Burns, 36335567, transferred to HQ. 401 st Bomb Group.

2 nd Lts. McAdams (MIA, 3 Nov) Peacock (MIA, 3 Nov) appointed 1 st Lts effective 1 November 1943.

Lecture on Log Keeping 3 Radar Operators 3:00 man-hours.

Liaison Equipment Lecture 2 Radar Operators 2:00 man-hours.

Radio Network 1 Radar Operator 1:00 man-hour.

Link Trainer 3 Pilots 3:30 man-hours.

Target Identification 9 B&rsquodiers & Navs 9:00 man-hours.

Gunnery Lecture 30 Gunners 30:00 man-hours.

Engineering Lecture 8 Combat crew 8:00 man-hours.

Operation Lecture 26 Combat crew 26:00 man-hours.

Formation Flying Lecture 26 Combat crew 26:00 man-hours.

Security and S-2 Lecture 18 Combat crew 27:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C on a local flight for a total time of 3>00 hours.

7 November 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lts. John D. Davis (P), O-800845 Allan N. Morey (CP), O-680485 Walter G. Quarve (B), O-670242 John W. Ryan (N), O-750255 Frank D. Turk (P), O-574651 Frank L. Varva,

O-683216 Franklin Whitcomb (CP), O-746237F/O Thomas J. Capparell (B), T-1330 S/Sgt. Duard K. Nowlin, 18122473 Sgts. Robert O. Duncan, 35366481, Neil (NMI) Gillis, 34393026, Thomas C. Lardin, 13156261, Rudolph (NMI) Malkin, 33377879, George A. Parrish, 14164428, Norman V. Pero, 32548143, Dobald C. Stairs,13090021,

Assigned and joined Squadron from 2900 th CCRC.

Operations Lecture 20 Combat crew 40:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 3 A/C formation flying for a total time of 6 hours and 30 minutes. 1 A/C local flight for a total time of 45 minutes.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

BOMBING RESULTS: Unobserved. 10/10 undercast.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: One single engine enemy fighter seen.

FLAK: En route meager inaccurate AA fire reported from vicinities of Egmond, Einkhuizen. Meager, inaccurate flak at the target for our A/C at 27,000 feet. En route back, meager inaccurate flak bursts were reported from vicinities of Venlo, Antwerp and Flushing.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:

A/C 073: Lt. C. R. Phillips (P), Lt. W. B. Smith (CP), Lt. J. M. Hexum (N), Lt. J. A. Graham (B), T/Sgts. W. C. Darden, W. B. Neal, S/Sgts. C. R. Zimmerman, R. L. Jackson, Anthony Dannucci.

A/C 060: Lt. M. H. Jewett (P), F/O P. C. McDuffee (CP), Lt. J. G. Stuart (N), Lt. J. C. Welman (B), T/Sgts. W. C. King, W. E. Neal, Sgt. A. G. Romulis, S/Sgts. Elmer Weaver, S. P. Resko, F. H. Lenke.

Sgt. J. L. Zeigler flying in A/C 774---323 rd Squadron.

8 November 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. G. E. Williams transferred to 2900 CCRC Gp (Bomb) provisional. S/Sgts. Dale (NMI) Jackson 37262537, Robert A, Wood, 37261179, Sgt. Joseph B. Brennan, 38312531, Edmund J. Vogler, 12154329, assigned and joined Squadron from 2900 th CCRC.

Gee Trainer 3 Navigators 9:00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 26 Combat crew 26:00 man-hours.

Operations Lecture 16 New Crew 48:00 man-hours.

Shadowgraph 3 Gunners 3:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 5 Pilots 5:00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 3 Bombardiers 3:00 man-hours.

Code Practice 6 Radar Operators 9:30 man-hours.

Radio Test and Lecture 4 Radar Operators 10:00 man-hours.

Radio Lecture 3 Radar Operators 6:00 man-hours.

Procedure Lecture 2 Radar Operators 3:00 man-hours.

PW & Security Lecture 16 Combat crew 32:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 3 A/C high altitude formation flight, total time 8.00 hours.

9 November 1943 &ndash Capt. Lockhart, 1 st lt. Sherwin, S/Sgts. V. O. Miller, Raphoon, Serafin, transferred to Casual Pool, 12 th RCD, RAF Station 591. S/Sgt. C. E. Allen transferred to Hq. 401 st Bomb Group, this station.

Link Trainer 3 Pilots 3:00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 8 Gunners 4:00 man-hours.

Code Practice 6 Radar Operators 8:15 man-hours.

Radio Test and Review 1 Radar Operator 3:00 man-hours.

Target Identification 14 B&rsquodiers. & Navs. 14:00 man-hours.

Operational Lecture 40 Combat crew 80:00 man-hours.

Engineering Lecture 50 Combat crew 75:00 man-hours.

Gunnery instruction 16 Gunners 48:00 man-hours.

Bombing Lecture 10 Bombardiers 10:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C flying high altitude formation , locally for a total time of 6.00 hours.

10 November 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

Code Practice 6 Radar Operators 11:30 man-hours.

Radio Lecture 1 Radar Operator :15 man-hour.

Harwell Trainer & Lecture 1 Radar Operator 2:45 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 7 Navigators 7:00 man-hours.

Target Ident. 11 B&rsquodiers & Navs. 11:00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 3 Combat crew 3:00 man-hours.

Shadowgraph 3 Gunners 3:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 3 Pilots 3:00 man-hours.

Gunnery Lecture & Train. 10 Gunners 30:00 man-hours.

Bombing Lecture 8 Bombardiers 8:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 7 A/C flew locally on a high altitude formation practice flight for a total of 15 hours and 20 minutes.

11 November 1943 &ndash 1 Major, 2 Capts., 1 1 st lt. 20 2 nd Lts. and 33 EM of 401 st Bomb Group attached 9 November 1943. 1 2 nd Lt. and 10 EM of 401 st Bomb Group attached 10 November 1943.

Lecture on Radio Equipment 1 Radar Operator 2:30 man-hours.

Procedure Lecture 4 Radar Operators 6:00 man-hours.

Code Practice 5 Radar Operators 5:00 man-hours.

Gunnery Instruction 14 Gunners 28:00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 2 Pilots 1:30 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 2 hours. 3 A/C flew high altitude formation flight for 8.5 hours.

Squadron supplied 3 A/C for this mission.

NO CREDIT GIVEN FOR THIS MISSION.

12 November 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Attached from 401 st Bomb Group effective 9 November.

Spotlight Trainer 2 Gunners 1:00 man-hour.

Link Trainer 3 Pilots 3:00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 3 Bombardiers 3:00 man-hours.

Clothing & Equipment Lec. 22 Combat crew 44:00 man-hours.

Gunnery Instruction & Lec. 22 Combat crew 24:00 man-hours.

13 November 1943 &ndash M/Sgt. C. O. Pierce duty to 49 Station Hosp.

Link Trainer 4 Pilots 4:30 man-hours.

Code Practice 2 Radar Operators 2:45 man-hours.

Shadowgraph 4 Gunners 2:00 man-hours.

FLYING: MISSION TO BREMEN: Recalled.

Squadron supplied 4 A/C for this mission.

NO CREDIT GIVEN FOR THIS MISSION.

14 November 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt Villanova transferred to Hq. 1 st Combat Wing, this Station.

15 November 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Brown duty to DS Hq. 8 th Bomber Command. 13 2 nd Lts., 2 F/O&rsquos. 16 EM of 401 st Bomb Group attached.

Link Trainer 2 Pilots 2:00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 12 Gunners 6:00 man-hours.

Skeet 7 Combat crew 14:00 man-hours.

Target Identification 10 B&rsquodiers. & Navs. 10:00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 3 hours. 4 A/C flew locally, formation flight for 6 hours and 45 minutes.

16 November 1943 &ndash Lt. Pope, O-736604, Hospital to duty. Pvt. Harold P. Savarese, 6924950, (Ordnance), Pvt. Bergen E. Dalley, 32915890, (Ordnance), Pvt. Raymond B. Mitchell, 6849637, (Ordnance) assigned and joined from 14 th RCD.

Bomb Trainer 1 Bombardier 1:00 man-hour.

Link Trainer 5 Pilots 5:00 man-hours.

FLYING: MISSION TO KNABEN, GERMANY.

Squadron supplied 4 A/C for this mission (Abortive sortie.)

BOMBING RESULTS: None for this group.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: From 2 to 15 E/A were reported, these consisted of Me 109&rsquos, 2 Me 110&rsquos and a few FW 190&rsquos.

FLAK: meager, inaccurate AA fire reported from vicinities of Eigeroen, Epersund, Stapnes and Raegefjord.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:

A/C 729: Capt. J. H. McPartlin Major C. G. Gillespie, Lt. B. D. Moore, Capt. W. E. Sticklen, S/Sgt. J. P. Armstrong, T/Sgt. J. A. Wood, Sgts. J. B. Brannan, J. H. Clifton, S/Sgt. Anthony Dannucci, Lt. John Gelles.

A/C 073: Lt. M. H. Jewett, F/O P. G. McDuffee, Lt. J. W. Ryan, Capt. J. W. Maupin, (401 st Bomb Group), T/Sgts. W. G. King, W. B. Neal, S/Sgts. Joseph York, Elmer Weaver, S. P. Resko, F. H. Lenke, Jr.

A/C 767: Lts. H. H. Evers, R. S. Roberts, D. E. Shea, W. P. Conlon, S/Sgt. Andrew Beluschak, T/Sgt. J. A. Capron, S/Sgt. L. S. Kerr, Sgts. C. E. Comer, L. W. Bryant, S/Sgt. T. C. Young.

A/C 795: Lts. J. D. C. Anderson, H. C. Nichols, J. G. Stuart, J. A. Graham, Sgts. Milton Rallis, B. W. Yeager, A. G. Romulis, D. R. Bartlett, M. R. Skiles, A. A. Senley.

17 November 1943 &ndash Pvt. James J. Vignes, 34234294, assigned and joined from 39 th Service Group this station. S/Sgt. Charles E. Allen,

15102666, attached from 401 st Bomb Group.

Code Practice 1 Radio Operator 1:00 man-hour.

Link Trainer 5 Pilots 5:30 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C locally for .40 hours. 5 A/C High Altitude Formation 17.30 Total hours.

18 November 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Ryan )-1548302 returned from Ds to B-17 Armament School at RAF Station Kirkham.

Harwell Trainer 3 4.30 man-hours.

Procedure Lecture 1 2.30 man-hours.

Code Practice 3 2.15 man-hours.

FLYING: 6 A/C flew high altitude formation logging total of 21.00 hours.

19 November 1943 &ndash 16 2 nd Lts and 24 EM assigned from 381 st Bomb Group Par1, SO 177, 91 st Bomb Group.

2 nd Lt. Irvin NMI Piancentini, O-801199 (P)

2 nd Lt. John B. Britton III, O-808361 (CP)

2 nd Lt. Bernard P. Hart, O-809599 (N)

2 nd Lt. Freerick W. Merkert, O-682496 (B)

S/Sgt. Robert E. Gerstemeier, 13154279 (E)

S/Sgt. John L. Wolstenholme, 1315 4279 (R)

Sgt. Robert S. Miller 33361326 (AG)

Sgt. Robert M. Dodge, 3232 3023 (AE)

Sgt. Glenn G. Selter, 37499408 (TG)

Sgt. Harold J. Rhode 32765324 (AG)

2 nd Lt. Charles L. Price, O-407372 (P)

2 nd Lt. Philip R. Goynes, O-807417 (CP)

2 nd Lt. Howard A. Groombridge, O-809590 (N)

2 nd Lt. Leo D. Godfrey, O-682573 (B)

S/Sgt. Joe Z. Cardwell, 38135046 (E)

S/Sgt. Roy E. Pruitt, 37237182 (R)

Sgt. Freeman A. Ford, 33357697 (AE)

Sgt. Robert J. Jackson, 16176372 (AG)

Sgt. George J. Valdes, 39034143 (AG)

Sgt. Hugh E. Winfree 34508772 (TG)

2 nd Lt. Frank C. Ammann, O-681290 (P)

2 nd Lt. Harold E. Kirby, O-808430 (CP)

2 nd Lt. Harold A. Levin, O-809653 (N)

2 nd Lt. Patrick H. McNulty, O-741737 (B)

S/Sgt. John J. Lacorrazza, 32530815 (E)

Sgt. Howard NMI Hornick, 12180330 (AE)

Sgt. Frank NMI Martin, 15329223 (AG)

Sgt. Wallace L. Sexton, 38444147 (TG)

Sgt. Elvin F. Kennedy, 18137532 (AG)

Pvt. Frank D. Bynon, Jr., 12144610 ®

1 Capt, 15 2 nd Lts. and 32 EM (attached from 401 st Bomb Group for Training) relieved from temporary duty and returned to their organization.

Link Trainer 3 3.15 man-hours.

Wing Network 1 1.00 man-hour.

Harwell Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

Code Practice 6 6.00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 3 3.00 man-hours.

Target Identification 16 16.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 6 A/C high altitude formation logging total of 22.00 hours.

20 November 1943 &ndash Sgt. Faber H. Cripps, 17066778, transferred to 441 st Sub Depot (Class 1) Pfc. Harold R. Harding, 14061719, assigned and joined from 364 th Service Squadron, 39 th Service Group.

Pfc. Edward F. Skippa, 32077541, assigned and joined from Hq. Squadron, 39 th Service Group.

Clothing and Equipment Lecture 20 40.00 man-hours.

Aircraft Recognition 77 77.00 man-hours.

Target Identification 12 12.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 3 3.00 man-hours.

Division Network 3 3.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 3 3.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 12 6.00 man-hours.

21 November 1943 &ndash 1 Major, 1 Captain, 2 1 st Lts., 19 2 nd Lts., 2 F/O, and 28 EM (attached from 401 st Bomb Group for training.) relieved from temporary duty and returned to their organization.

22 November 1943 &ndash Pfc. Walter, 35611016 from duty to detached service at classification School, Mardlesham, Suffolk.

Target Identification 18 18 man-hours.

Prisoner of War Lecture 140 140 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 12 12 man-hours.

Link Trainer 5 5.00 man-hours.

Introductory Lecture 40 40.00 man-hours.

Operations Lecture 16 16.00 man-hours.

Articles of War and Sex Lecture to entire Squadron.

23 November 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Gibbs (hospital), 12132864, transferred to Detachment of Patients, 49 th Station Hospital, APO 557.

Aircraft Recognition 29 29.00 man-hours.

Navigation Class 4 4.00 man-hours.

Skeet Shoot 8 16.00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 3 3.00 man-hours.

Liaison Tuning Lecture 1 1.00 man-hour.

Code Practice 1 1.00 man-hour.

Link Trainer 3 3.00 man-hours.

Bombardiers Lecture 10 10.00 man-hours.

24 November 1943 &ndash Pvt. Joe NMI McMillen, 6964589, assigned and joined.

Gunnery Lecture 26 26.00 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

Radio Lecture 7 49.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 8 12.15 man-hours.

Wing Network 1 1.30 man-hours.

Navigation Lecture 6 6.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 8 A/C high altitude formation logging 32.00 hours.

25 November 1943 &ndash S/Sgt. Rose (hospital), 13119165, transferred to Detachment of Patients, 49 th Station Hospital, APO 557. Pvt. Cardile, 33326237, Pvt. Douglass, 14036335, transferred to 1 st Station Complement Squadron, this station.

Code Practice 6 7.00 man-hours.

Radio Instructions 8 9.20 man-hours.

Aircraft Recognition 43 43.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 7 7.30 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 6 6.00 man-hours.

Gunnery Class 28 28.00 man-hours.

Escape Lecture 140 140 man-hours.

Target Identification 18 18 man-hours.

Skeet Shooting 10 10 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C local gunnery mission 2.00 hours. 8 A/C high altitude formation logging total of 9.00 hours.

SOCIAL: Party for EM at Red Cross Aero Club this station 20:30 to 23.30 hours. Music by base Orchestra. AAAF, civilian and Land Army girls as guests.

Real nice Thanksgiving Day dinner.

26 November 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

Link Trainer 5 5.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 3 5.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 8 8.00 man-hours.

H/F Organization Lecture 4 3.00 man-hours.

Squadron supplied 8 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

079 1205 25,500 ft 8x500 20 IB

073 1220 26,000 ft 8x500 20 IB

679 1220 25,600 ft 8x500 20 IB

187 1221 28,000 ft 8x500 20 IB

795 1230 22,000 ft 8x500 20 IB

771 1220 26,700 ft 8x500 20 IB

BOMBING RESULTS: Pathfinder job results could not be observed.

ENEMY FIGHTERS: No attacks made on our formation.

FLAK: An intense but inaccurate AA barrage experienced at target.

UNUSUAL INCIDENTS: A/C 795 was forced to ditch in North Sea off Great Yarmouth &ndash ditching successful, no one injured, crew picked up by Air Sea Rescue and returned to base.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION:

A/C 079: 2 nd Lts. Charles A. Guinn, Kenneth W. Fallek, Robert J. Hornbeck, Sidney NMI Edelstein, S/Sgt. Harold E. Wingate, Sgt. Charles W. Dyer. S/Sgt. Bert A. Stieler, Sgts. William E. Rasmussen, John NMI Hinds, Gerald E. McDowell.

A/C 073: 2 nd Lts. Julius D. C. Anderson, Horace C. Nichols, Joe G. Stuart, James A. Graham, S/Sgts. Jewel C. Maddox, Donald R. Bartlett, Derwood A. Briggs, Maurice F. Skiles, Albert G. Romulus, Aldrich A. Seeley.

A/C 679: 2 nd Lts. William F. Gibbons, Clyde P. McCallum, Donald E. Shea, Wendell W. Quattlebaum, Sgts. John R. Parsons, Alex P. Fontecchie (324 th ), Sgts. Paul h. Goecke, Robert C. Ginsberg, Clarence R. Bateman, Julius W. Edwards.

A/C 187: 2 nd Lts. John D. Davis, Allan N. Morey, Frank I. Varva, Walter G. Quarve, S/Sgt. Robert A. Wood, Sgt. George A. Parrish, S/Sgt. Duard K. Nowlin, Sgts. Robert O. Duncan, Joseph B. Brennan, Rudolph NMI Malkin.

A/C 795: 1 st lt. Bob NMI Tibbets, Jr., 2 nd Lt. Alex NMI Ellerman, III, 2 nd Lts. Leo T. Sharum, Richard A. Wertheim, Sgts. James W. Brady, Charles E. Clark, T/Sgt. Garner NMI Walters (322 nd ), Sgts. Dana E. Morse, Walter J. Davis, Woodrow W. Tressler.

A/C 771: 2 nd Lts. Frank D. Turk, Franklin F. Whitcomb, Harold A. Levin, F/O Thomas J. Capparell, S/Sgt. Dale NMI Jackson, Sgt. Norman V. Pero, S/Sgt. Dominic NMI Zurella (324 th ), Sgts. Edmund J. Vogler, Thomas C. Lardin, Neil NMI Gillis.

2 nd Lt. Robert S. Roberts piloted A/C 29947 with 322 nd crew &ndash gets credit for mission.

1 st Lt. Francis A. Porada flew as tail gunner in 482 nd PFF A/C 23492 &ndash gets credit for mission.

27 November 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

Gee Trainer 5 5.00 man-hours.

Target Identification 21 21.00 man-hours.

Gunnery Lecture 21 21.00 man-hours.

Aircraft Recognition 59 59.00 man-hours.

Operational Lecture 50 50.00 man-hours.

Engineering Lecture 24 36.00 man-hours.

Skeet Shoot 7 14.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

Division Network 4 4.00 man-hours.

Procedure Lecture 1 1.30 man-hours

Code Practice 6 7.00 man-hours.

28 November 1943 &ndash NO PERSONNEL CHANGES.

29 November 1943 &ndash Cpl. McCullough (hospital). 16036335, transferred to Detachment of patients, 30 General Hospital, APO 514.

Target Identification 3 3.00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 3 3.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 6 6.30 man-hours.

Liaison Lecture 4 2.15 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 4 4.30 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1.45 hours. 1 A/C flew cross-country for 2.00 hours. 6 A/C flew on mission which was called back and no credit allowed.

30 November 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Frank l. Butler, O-678157 (CP), 2 nd Lt James R. Dempsey. O-672042, (CP), assigned and joined Squadron.

2 nd Lt. Smith, O-677606, duty to leave (7 days) Standbridge Earls&rsquo Rest Home.

Link Trainer 6 6.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 5 7.00 man-hours.

Gunnery Lecture 18 36.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 7 A/C on mission which was abandoned &ndash no sortie credit.

401 st DAILY REPORTS Prepared by 1 st Lt. Charles Albidress

December 1, 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Tibbets, O-393088. 2 nd Lt. Ellerman, O-805419, 2 nd Lt. Sharum, O-739225, 2 nd Lt. Werthein, O-679419, duty to 7 days leave at Standbridge Earls&rsquo Rest Home. 2 nd Lt. John E. LaFontin, O-746377, (P), 2 nd Lt. Harold C. Demody, O-682822, (CP), Lt. Frank T. Keneley Jr., O-683187, (N), 2 nd Lt. James M. Donigan, O-676443, (B), Sgt. Samuel L. Sommers Jr., 37212317, (E), Sgt. Daniel S. Abeles, 32583296, ®,Sgt. Richard D. Libby, 13093837, (AE), Sgt. Roy H. Brown, 17128036, (AR), Sgt. Maurice P. LaCasse, 11017397, Sgt. Donald E. Schwab, 32741038, (AG).

2 nd Lt. Roy J. Griesbach, O-742315, (P), 2 nd Lt. John R. Simonson, O-678776, (N), 2 nd Lt. Charles R. Peck, O-686591, (CP), 2 nd Lt. John H. Piland, O-738663, (B), T/Sgt. Emil J. Viskocil, 37175020, (E), Pfc. Robert C. Hartford, 31218317, ®, S/Sgt. Harry V. Lane, 13102799, (AE), S/Sgt. Harry R. Small, 32394432, (AR), S/Sgt. Ralph E. Rigaud, 32493822, (G), S/Sgt. John D. Hammer, 32515039, (AG).

2 nd Lt. Lester F. Rentmeester, O-742603, (P), 2 nd Lt. William W. Behrend, O-686535, (CP), 2 nd Lt. Robert N. Roberts, O-807933, (N), 2 nd Lt. Joseph T. Ashby, O-743923, (B), Sgt. Elmer A. Diethorn, 13085324, (E), Sgt. Ward E. Simonson, 12172280, ®, Sgt. Gilbert M. Cloyd, 35509117, (AE), Sgt. Frank NMI Topitz, 16170306, (AR), Sgt. Gordon A. Wiggett, 31197624, Sgt. Phillip F. Lunt, 39550731, (AG0.

2 nd Lt. Howard F. Weber, O-804436, (P), 2 nd Lt. John C. Flinn Jr., O-750782, (CP), 2 nd Lt. Earl R. Hedstrom, O-809361, (N), 2 nd Lt. Donald T. Weiss, O- 746635,(B), S/Sgt. Louie R. Holland, 39252650, ®, S/Sgt. Willis J. Kaltenbach, 33363787, (E), Sgt. James R. Marshall, 35638792, (AE), S/Sgt. Eugene J. Letalien, 11010343, (AR), Sgt. John R. Paget, 39552894, (G), Pvt. Russell R. Ruth,13008178, (AG).

2 nd Lt. Sam L. Evans, O-681363, (P), 2 nd Lt. Richard W. Thompson, O-751576, (CP), 2 nd Lt. Harold NMI Levin, O-683915, (N), 2 nd Lt. Thomas W. Harper, O-699589, (B), Sgt> Richard R. Saffell, 37220975, (E), Sgt. Phillip J. Del Torto, 32539319, ®, Sgt. Milburn K. Delong, 13067929, (AE), Alfred A. Scelza, 31145548, (AR), S/Sgt. Robert N. Kasch, 32464085, (AG), Sgt. Robert J. Schupp, 31280245, (AG).

Five above crews assigned and joined from 8 th AF Replacement Depot per Par 1, SO 184, 91 st Bomb Group effective November 30, 1943.

Link Trainer 5 6.00 man-hours.

Procedure Lec. & Code Practice 4 6.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 3 4.15 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Flying: 1 A/C flew on local formation mission for 3.00 hours.

MISSION TO LEVERKUSEN , GERMANY .

Squadron supplied 7 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

803 1203 25,000 ft 8x500 20 IB

679 1201 25,400 ft 8x500 20 IB

729 1203 25,100 ft 8x500 20 IB

490 1203 26,700 ft 8x500 20 IB

BOMBING RESULTS: Unobserved due to undercast.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: 40 to 50 were sighted among those were FW 190&rsquos, Me 109&rsquos with one or two Me 110&rsquos and FW 189&rsquos. Most attacks were delivered from 12:00 O&rsquoclock and were concentrated on the low squadron of this Group and the Group ahead.

FLAK: Meager, inaccurate fire was reported in vicinity of Antwerp , Turnout, Eindhove , and Aachen. AA fire at target was meager to intense for our aircraft at 25 to 27,000 feet. White puffs were reported above the A/C.

CASUALTIES: 11 missing in action.

CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIE:

A/C 803: Lts. J. D. C. Anderson, H. C. Nichols, L. S. Stuart, J. S. O'Looney, S/Sgt. J. L. Wolstenholme, T/Sgt. J. A. Wood, S/Sgts. A. G. Romulis, A. A. Seeley, R. L. Youker, M. F. Skiles.

A/C 679: Lts. W. F. Gibbons, C. P. McCallum, D. E. Shea, W. E. Quattlebaum, S/Sgt. G. W. Boyle, Sgts. J. R. Parsons, O. D. Phillips Jr., P. H. Goecke, C. R. Bateman, S/Sgt. B. W. Yeager.

A/C 729: Lts. C. R. Phillips, R. A. Thompson, J. W. Ryan, J. M. Hexum, S/Sgt. J. P. Armstrong, T/Sgt. M. E. Painter, S/Sgts. J. York, E. Walsh Jr., R. L. Jackson, A. Dannucci, Jr.

A/C 490: Lts. R. S. Roberts, F. F. Whitcomb, H. A. Levin, F/O T. J. Capparell, Sgt. D. C. Stairs, T/Sgt. F. G. Seaver, Sgt H. H. Rhode, S/Sgts. D. J. Aldrich, J. H. Clifton, Sgt. T. C. Lardin.

MISSING IN ACTION: S/Sgt Nick J. Nicoletti flying in A/C 511, 322 nd also missing in action.

A/C 060: Lts. C. A. Guinn, K. W. Fallek, R. J. Hornbeck, S. NMI Edelstein, S/Sgt. B. A. Stieler, Sgts. H. E. Wingate, W. E. Rasmussen, G. E. McDowell, C. E. Comer, C. W. Dyer.

December 2, 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Harwell Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

Link Trainer 4 3.45 man-hours.

Code Practice 9 12.00 man-hours.

Skeet Shoot 6 12.00 man-hours.

Target Identification 14 14.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 7 3.30 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew cross-country for.25 hours. 4 A/C flew locally for total logged time of 8.00 hours. 1 A/C flew on camera bombing mission for 2.00 hours.

December 3, 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Target Identification 14 14.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 3 3.00 man-hours.

Radio Network 1 1.00 man-hour.

Harwell Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Code Check 7 9.30 man-hours.

December 4, 1943 &ndash Major Gillespie promoted to Lt. Col. Effective November 27, 1943 per Par 5, SO 321, 8 th AF dated November 27, 1943.

Link Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Radio Instruction 10 56.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew high altitude cross-country for 2,30 hours. 4 A/C flew high altitude formation gunnery mission, total time logged 12.00 hours. 6 A/C flew high altitude formation for total logged time of14.30 hours.

December 5, 1943 &ndash Capt. Walker (medical) transferred to Hq. 91 st Bomb Group effective December 4, 1943.

FLYING: MISSION TO PARIS , FRANCE .

Squadron supplied 2 A/C and four crews for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

639 (323 rd ) No bombs dropped as all targets were overcast.

073 No bombs dropped as all targets were overcast.

729 No bombs dropped as all targets were overcast.

736 (324 th ) No bombs dropped as all targets were overcast.

BOMBING RESULTS: No bombs dropped due to overcast.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: None encountered &ndash good fighter support.

CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIE:

A/C 073: Capt. J. H. McPartlin, Col. C. K. Wurzbach, Capt. S. M. Slaton (GP), T/Sgt. W. C. Darden, Lt. B. D. Moore, T/Sgt. T. R. Cetnarowski, S/Sgts. M. F. Skiles, J. D. Aldrich, T/Sgt. G. G. Seaver, Lt. F. L. Butler.

A/C 073: Lts. J. D. C. Anderson, H. C. Nichols, J. G. Stuart, J. A. Graham, T/Sgts. A. Beluschak, J. A. Wood, S/Sgts. A. G. Romulis, D. R. Bartlett, Sgt. P. C. Bara, S/Sgt. A. A. Seeley.

A/C 729: Lts. C. R. Phillips, J. R. Dempsey, A. M. Hexum, J. D. Pope, S/Sgt. G. W. Boyle, T/Sgt. M. E. Painter, Sgt. C. J. Cameron, (324 th ), S/Sgts. R. L. Jackson, A. Dannucci, E. Walsh.

A/C 736: Lts. W. F. Gibbons, C. P. McCallum, D. E. Shea, W. E. Quattlebaum, Sgts. C. R. Bateman, J. W. Edwards, P. H. Boecke.

December 6, 1943 &ndash Lt. Daniels, O-733619 duty to 7 days leave at Standbridge Earls&rsquo Rest home.

Shadowgraph 5 2.30 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 4 4.00 man-hours.

Radio Lecture 10 70.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 7 8.45 man-hours.

Gunnery Instruction & Lecture 40 80.00 man-hours.

December 7, 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lt. Charles L. Diamond, O-861050, (Communications Officer) assigned and joined from 1 st Bomb Division.

2 nd lt. Moore, O-678650, promoted to 1 st Lt. effective November 29, 1943 per Par 23, SO 333, ETOUSA, dated November 29, 1943.

S/Sgt. Brady, 33251021, S/Sgt. Clark, 15233194, S/Sgt. Davis, 36635837, S/Sgt. Morse, 15320654, S/Sgt. Tressler, 12139879, duty to 7 days leave at Moulsford Manor Rest home.

2 nd Lt. George H. Heiling, O-681088, (CP), 2 nd Lt. William P. Richards, O-741369. (B), 2 nd Lt. James A. Rogers, O-680719, (CP), S/Sgt. Fred B. Kirby, 18045934, Cpl. Kenneth P. Fiigen, 32393998, Cpl. Martin NMI Goldberg, 12049946, assigned and joined from 1 st CCRC.

Gee Trainer 6 6.00 man-hours.

POW Lecture 48 60.00 man-hours.

Skeet Shoot 7 14.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 10 5.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 8 8.30 man-hours.

Code Practice 4 6.15 man-hours.

December 8, 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Harwell Trainer 5 4.15 man-hours.

Radio Test & Code Check 1 1.00 man-hours.

Division Network 3 4.30 man-hours.

Code Practice 14 20.00 man-hours.

Code Practice & Procedure Lec. 1 1.15 man-hours.

Aircraft Recognition 42 42.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 4 4.15 man-hours.

Film for &ldquoA&rdquo Crew. 3 3.00 man-hours.

December 9, 1943 &ndash 1 st lt. Tibbets, O-393088, 2 nd Lt. Ellerman, O-805419, 2 nd Lt. Sharum, O-739225, 2 nd Lt. Wertheim, O-679419, to 7 days leave to Standbridge Earls&rsquo Rest Home.

Link Trainer 3 2.00 man-hours.

Code & Harwell Trainer 3 7.30 man-hours.

Radio Network 3 4.30 man-hours.

SOS Procedure 1 1.30 man-hours.

Code Practice 16 22.45 man-hours.

Aircraft Recognition 62 62.00 man-hours.

Bombardier Lecture 12 12.00 man-hours.

December 10, 1943 &ndash Capt. Sticklen, O-732683, transferred to Hq., 91 st Bomb Group, this station.

Link Trainer 4 4.00 man-hours.

Aircraft Recognition 21 21.00 man-hours.

Bombardiers Lecture 6 6.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 2 3.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 13 16.30 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew in local formation flight for 2.30 hours. 3 A/C flew in cross-country formation flight for total of 4.15 hours. 3 A/C flew local formation for 6.00 total logged time.

December 11, 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Link Trainer 6 6.30 man-hours.

Radio Network 1 1.30 man-hours.

Procedure Lecture 1 1.15 man-hours.

Lecture on Transmitter 4 4.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 6 9.30 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C on camera bombing mission for 2.00 hours.

MISSION TO EMDEN , GERMANY .

Squadron supplied 7 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

187 1243 22,400 ft 41x100 IB

771 1311* 24,000 ft 42x100 IB

079 1243.5 22,300 ft 42x100 IB

767 1243.5 23,100 ft 42x100 IB

679 1242 23,600 ft 42x100 IB

073 1243 22,500 ft 41x100 IB

BOMBING RESULTS: Good results were reported. Hits in target area and a high column of yellow smoke reported. Two large fires observed in NW section of town as well as hits on the RR dock. Heavy concentration of bursts with flames and high spirals of smoke in the Eastern part of the city especially around Faldern Basin .

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: Only four observed, among them Me 109&rsquos and FW 190&rsquos, only one attack by a FW 190 was experienced by this, P-51, P-38 and P-47 support effective.

FLAK: Enroute to target, meager, inaccurate fire experienced from vicinities of Baltrum and Langedoc Islands . At target fire was moderate and accurate for our aircraft. Whitered and Black bursts reported coming from Ems Basin and Groningan.

CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:

A/C 187: Lts. J. D. Davis, A. N. Morey, F. I. Varva, W. G. Quarve, T/Sgt. D. K. Nowlin, S/Sgts. R. A. Wood, J. B. Brennan, G. A. Parrish, R. O. Duncan, Sgt. J. L. Ziegler.

A/C 771: Tacked on to 351 st Group and went over target with it. Lts. F. D. Turk, F. F. Whitcomb, F. T. Keneley, F. W. Merkert, T/Sgt> D. C. Stairs, Sgt. D. Jackson, S/Sgts. E. J. Vogler, N. Gillis, Cpl. N. V. Pero, S/Sgt. T. C. Lardin.

A/C 079: Lts. P. R. Coleman, F. L. Butler, J. R. Sinonson, J. S. O&rsquoLooney, Sgt. D. S. Abeles, S/Sgt. Orlando Puntero, Sgts. O. D. Phillips, F. J. Deary, A. W. Truesdale, S. J. Pogan.

A/C 767: Lts. R. S. Roberts, S. L. Evans, J. W. Ryan, J. C. Wellman, T/Sgt. W. J. King, S/Sgts. W. B. Neal, J. York, E. Weaver, J. H. Clifton, F. H. Lenke.

A/C 679: Lts. W. F. Gibbons, C. P. McCallum, D. E. Shea, W. W. Quattlebaum, S/Sgts. J. P. Armstrong, J. R. Parsons, Sgt. D. E. Schwab, S/Sgts. C. R. Bateman, J. W. Edwards, P. H. Goecke.

A/C 073: Lts. C. L. Price, P. R. Goynes, H. A. Groombridge, L. D. Godfrey, Sgts. W. Simonson, R. J. Jackson, F. A. Ford, J. Hinda, H. E. Winfree.

D ecember 12, 1943 &ndash 1 st Lt. Smart promoted to Captain effective December 1, 1943, Par 19, SO 335, ETOUSA dated December 1, 1943.

December 13, 1943 &ndash 2 nd lt. Wellman, O-732340, promoted to 1 st Lt. effective November 30, 1943.

Link Trainer 6 6.30 man-hours.

Code, Harwell Trainer & Procedure Lec. 5 25.00 man-hours.

FLYING: MISSION TO BREMEN , GERMANY .

Squadron supplied 7 A/C and 9 crews for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

484 1204 28,000 ft 42x100 IB

505 (324 th ) 1205 27,400 ft 8x500 20 IB

804 (322 nd ) 1203 27,400 ft 8x500 20 IB

187 1205 27,900 ft 42x100 IB

729 1204 28,000 ft 42x100 IB

771 1204.5 27,600 ft 42x100 IB

767 1204 27,500 ft 42x100 IB

073 1204 28,000 ft 42x100 IB

079 1204 28,000 ft 42x100 IB

BOMBING RESULTS: General unobserved, 10/10 overcast.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: Only four seen &ndash no combats.

FIGHTER SUPPORT: Reported to be exceptionally good. P-47&rsquos escorted from IP to channel.

FLAK: Meager, Inaccurate fire reported from vicinities of Neuwark Island , Alta Mellum, and Wesermunde. At target fire was moderate and accurate. Several white puffs observed. Leaving the target meager, inaccurate fire was experienced from Den Helder and Southern tip of Texel Island .

CREWS CREDITED WITH SORTIES:
A/C 484: Capt. J H. McPartlin, Lt. Col. C. G. Gillespie, Lt. B. D. Moore, Capt. W. E Sticklen, F/O P. G. McDuffee, T/Sgts. W. C. Darden, T. R. Cetnarowski, S/Sgt. J. York, Lt. Col. B. K. Voorhees, Observer.

A/C 505: Lts. F. D. Turk, F. F. Whitcomb, H. Levin, J. T. Ashby, T/Sgt. D. C. Stairs, Sgt. D. Jackson, S/Sgts. E. J. Vogler, C. Lardin, N. Gillis, Cpl. N. V. Pero.

A/C 804: Lts. W. F. Gibbons, C. P. McCallum, D. E. Shea, W. E. Quattlebaum, S/Sgts. W. O. Douponce, J. R. Parsons, A. G. Romulis, P. H. Goecke, C. R. Bateman, J. W. Edwards.

A/C 187: Lts. J. D. Davis, A. N. Morey, F. I. Varva, W. G. Quarve, T/Sgt. D. K. Nowlin, S/Sgts. R. A. Wood, J. B. Brennan, Sgt. J. L. Ziegler, S/Sgts. G. A. Parrish, R. O. Duncan.

A/C 729: Lts. C. R. Phillips, J. E. LaFontin, J. M. Hexum, J. D. Pope, S/Sgt. G. W. Boyle, T/Sgt. M. E. Painter, S/Sgts. A. Dannucci, E. Walsh, R. L. Jackson, Sgt. P. C. Bara.

A/C 771: Lts. F. C. Ammann, H. E. Kirby, H. A. Levin, P. H. McNulty. Sgt. F. D. Bynon, S/Sgt. J. J. Lacorrazza, Sgts. I. F. Kennedy, W. L. Sexton, H. Hornick, F. Martin.

A/C 767: Lts. C. L. Price, P. R. Goynes, H. A Groombridge, L. D. Godfrey, S/Sgts. R. E. Pruitt, J. Z. Cardwell, Sgt. R. J. Jackson, S/Sgt. A. A. Seeley, Sgt. F. A. Ford, S/Sgt. John Hinda.

A/C 073: Lts. I. Piancentini, J. B. Britton III, B. P. Hart, F. W. Merkert, S/Sgts. F. R. Kirby, R. E. Gerstemeier, Sgts. S. L. Sommers, G. G. Setter, R. S. Miller, R. M. Dodge.

A/C 079: Lts. P. R. Coleman, R. A. Thompson, J. J. Wilson, J. S. O&rsquoLooney, S/Sgts. J. P. Armstrong, O. Puntorno, Sgts C. D. Phillips, S. J. Pogan, F. J. Deary, A. W. Truesdale.

December 14, 1943 &ndash T/Sgt. James M. Lomasney, 10600649, S/Sgt. Leslie R. Hinds, 38106250, S/Sgt. Richard H. Klamm, 17091632, assigned and joined from 323 rd Bomb Squadron, this station.

Link Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Radio Network 4 4.00 man-hours.

Code Lecture 1 2.30 man-hours.

Code Practice 11 12.45 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 1 1.00 man-hours.

December 15, 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Link Trainer 5 5.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 16 15.00 man-hours.

Procedure Lecture 3 3.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

High Frequency Lecture 7 7.00 man-hours.

TRANSCRIBERS NOTE: At this point, the person preparing these Daily Reports changed from 1 st Lt. Nilson to Capt Davison.

December 16, 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Radio Network 3 3.00 man-hours.

Code and W/T Procedures 9 11.15 man-hours.

Code Practice 3 4.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 3 3.00 man-hours.

FLYING: MISSION TO BREMEN , GERMANY . (See Mission sheet attached.) (Transcribers Note: I tried repeatedly to make a more readable copy, but was unsuccessful.)

Squadron supplied 6 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

505 1312 25,500 ft 8x500 & 21 IB&rsquos

053 1312 26,500 ft 8x500 & 18 IB&rsquos

167 1312 (unreadable) 8x500 & 21 IB&rsquos

729 1313 26,700 ft 8x500 & 21 IB&rsquos

079 1313 26,300 ft 8x500 & 21 IB&rsquos

767 1312.5 24,000 ft 8x500 & 21 IB&rsquos

BOMBING RESULTS: (Unreadable)

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: (Unreadable)

CASUALTIES: None. CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 505: Lt. H. H. Evers was pilot, other crewmember names unreadable.

A/C 073: Lt. J. D. C. Anderson piloted this aircraft, other crewmember names unreadable.

A/C 167: Lts. J. F. Davis, A. H. Morey, F. I. Varva, W. G. Quarve, T/Sgt. D. K. Nowlin, R. A. Wood, S/Sgts. J. B. Brennan, Sgt. J. P. Ziegler, S/Sgt. G. A. Parrish, Sgt. P. J. Bara.

A/C 729: Lt. C. R. Phillips piloted this A/C, other crewmember names unreadable.

A/C 079: Lts. P. R. Coleman, R. A. Thompson, H. J. Wilson, J. S. O&rsquoLooney, S/Sgt. J. F. Armstrong, Sgt. Orlando Puntorno, Sgt. O. D. Phillips, S/Sgts. S. J. Pogan, F. J. Deary, A. W. Truesdale.

A/C 767: Lts. C. L. Price, P. R. Goynes, H. A. Groombridge, L. D. Godfrey, T/Sgts. R. E. Pruitt, J. E. Cardwell, Sgt. Frank Topitz, S/Sgts. H. E. Winfree, John Hinda, Sgt. F. A. Ford.

December 17, 1943 &ndash Sgt. Edward Haller, 36054769, transferred to Hq. & Hq. Squadron, 1 st Bomb Division.

Link Trainer 4 4.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 6 6.30 man-hours.

Procedure Lecture 6 3.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 4 4.00 man-hours.

Code Check 14 14.00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 87 87.00 man-hours.

Target Identification 21 21.00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

Shadowgraph 9 4.30 man-hours.

Skeet Shoot 6 12.00 man-hours.

December 18, 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Link Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

Radio Network 3 3.00 man-hours.

Radio Lecture 12 6.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 5 6.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 8 4.00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 86 86.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 12 6.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 4 4.00 man-hours.

Target Identification 17 17.00 man-hours.

December 19, 1943 &ndash Cpl. Dormancy, 10600681, to DS Burttonwood.

FLYING: 5 A/C flew cross-country for total logged time of 8.30 hours.

2 A/C flew locally for total logged time of 6.00 hours. 3 A/C flew Air Sea Rescue Mission for total of 12.00 hours.

December 20, 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lts. Anderson, O-802694, R. S. Roberts, O-678328, J. W. Ryan, O-750255, Smith, O-677606, Stuart, O-673833, promoted to 1 st Lts. effective December 15, 1943, per Par SO # Hq/

Link Trainer 4 4.15 man-hours.

Code Practice 3 3.45 man-hours.

Radio Network 2 2.00 man-hours.

Skeet Shoot 7 14.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 3 3.00 man-hours,

Radio Lecture 7 4.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1.00 hour. 1 A/C flew high altitude gunnery and bombing mission 2.45 hours. 2 A/C flew cross-country

Logging total time of 5.00 hours.

MISSION TO BREMEN (See Mission Report attached)

Squadron supplied 7 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

484 1146 hrs 28,000 ft 12x500

079 1147 hrs 27,800 ft 12x500

073 1147 hrs 27,600 ft 12x500

729 1147 hrs 27,700 ft 12x500

679 1147 hrs 28,000 ft 12x500

187 1147 hrs 28,000 ft 12x500

767 1147 hrs 27,700 ft 12x500

BOMBING RESULTS: This group bombed on ?TF, and it is believed that bombs fell at or near Delmenhorst , a few miles short of the target. However, crews in Composite Group are certain some of their bombs fell in Northwestern edge of target.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: Up to 17 E/A reported for period just before target to point of leaving enemy territory at Juist Island, ten of them being single engine fighters, FW 190&rsquos and Me 209&rsquos and seven being twin engine fighters, Ju 88&rsquos and Me 110&rsquos. Attacks were concentrated on stragglers. Twin engine fighters were observed firing rockets. Ju 87&rsquos observed firing laterally at formation.

FIGHTER SUPPORT: P-47 escort exactly as briefed, from enemy coast to point just short of target, and described as good. Only 4 P-38&rsquos seen while several P-51&rsquos were reported.

FLAK: Meager, inaccurate AA fire experienced from South tip of Tassel Island . Moderate, accurate fire reported at Oldenburg and Delmenhorst . At target AA fire was intense and accurate. Leaving target, meager, inaccurate fire reported from vicinities of Hagen , Brake, Jade, Viral, Aurich, Ardhof, and Juist Islands .

CASUALTIES: S/Sgt. L. S. Kerr received flak wound in right cheek.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 484: Lt. H. H. Evers, F/O P. G. McDuffee, Lts. F. T. Kenely, W. P. Conlon, T/Sgts. J. A. Capron, J. J. Alba, S/Sgts. L. S. Kerr, L. W. Bryant, John Husick, Anthony Dannucci Jr., Observer Lt. Col. Burton K. Voorhees.

A/C 079: Lts. P. R. Coleman, R. A. Thompson, H. J. Wilson, J. S. O&rsquoLooney, S/Sgts. Orlando Puntorno, F. J. Deary, T/Sgt. J. P. Armstrong, S/Sgts. S. J. Pogan, Jr., C. D. Phillips, Jr., A. W. Truesdale.

A/C 073: Lts. W. B. Smith, G. H. Heilig, W. P. Richards, F/O T. J. Capparell, T/Sgt. J. A. Wood, Sgt. Martin Goldberg, T/Sgt. F. R. Kirby, S/Sgt. Topitz, Sgts. K. F. Fiigen, P, C, Bara.

A/C 729: Lts. R. S. Roberts, F. L. Butler, J. W. Ryan, J. C. Wellman, T/Sgt. W. B. Neal, S/Sgt. Joseph York, T/Sgt. W. J. King, S/Sgts. Elmer Weaver, J. E. Clifton, G. H. Lenke, Jr.

A/C 679: Lts. C. L. Price, P. R. Goynes, H. A. Groombridge, L. D. Godfrey, T/Sgt. J. Z. Cardwell, S/Sgt. F. A. Ford, T/Sgt. R. E. Pruitt, S/Sgts. R. J. Jackson, John Hinda, H. W. Winfree.

A/C 187: Lts. Bob Tibbetts, Alexander Ellerman III, L. T. Sharum, R. A. Wertheim, T/Sgt. J. W. Brady, S/Sgts. C. E. Clark, R. E. Kidder, D. E. Morse, W. J. Davis, W. W. Tressler.

A/C 767: Lts. H. F. Weber, J. C. Flinn, Jr., K. R. Hedstrom, D. T. Weiss, W. J. Kaltenbach, Sgts. J. R. Marshall, L. R. Holland, E. J. Letalien, D. R. Schwab, J. R. Paget.

MISCELLANEOUS: A/C 767 made a crash landing at Marshall Field near Cambridge . This was due to failure of three engines, two were damaged by Flak, the third had a fuel shortage. As a result of the crash the A/C received major damages but the crew was uninjured.

A/C 073 landed at Ludham due to fuel shortage.

December 21, 1943 &ndash Sgt. Edward Haller, 36054769, assigned and joined from 1 st Bomb Division.

Link Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Lecture and Code Practice 8 10.00 man-hours.

Radio Network 4 4.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 3 3.00 man-hours.

December 22, 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Link Trainer 4 4.00 man-hours.

Radio Network 4 4.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 3 3.00 man-hours.

Code and Radio Lecture 9 11.15 man-hours.

FLYING: 2 A/C flew high altitude locally for total time logged of 4.00 hours.

MISSION TO OSNABRUCK ( Mission Report attached.)

December 23, 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

A/C Recognition 36 36.00 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 3 2.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 4 4.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 4 4.00 man-hours.

Procedure Lecture 10 12.30 man-hours.

Ditching Film 160 160.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 3 3.00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 10 12.30 man-hours.

Code Check 2 2.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/c flew locally for 2.40 hours. 6 A/C flew local formation flight for total logged time of 10.30 hours.

December 24, 1943 &ndash Pvt. K. R. Aldrich, 39676997, assigned and joined from 323 rd Bomb Squadron. S/Sgt. H. L. Edwards, 32141958 assigned and joined from 379 th Bomb Group.

Code Practice 12 12.00 man-hours.

Code and Lecture 6 7.30 man-hours.

Skeet Shoot 6 12.00 man-hours.

Radio Network 4 4.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 4 4.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 4 A/C went on cross country high altitude formation bombing mission for total logged time of 16.00 hours.

MISSION TO ANDRES AIRDROME. (See Mission Report attached.)

MISSION AGAINST INSTALLATIONS IN FRANCE .

Squadron supplied 6 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

729 1338 20,000 ft 16 x 300

929 1337 20,000 ft 16 x 300

079 1337 20,000 ft 16 x 300

892 1337 20,000 ft 16 x 300

771 1336.5 20,000 ft 16 x 300

BOMBING RESULTS: Most crew members believe bombing to be generally poor. A few are convinced that the southern part of Target area was hit.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: No enemy fighters encountered.

FIGHTER SUPPORT: Observed or deduced from contrails to be covering us from 1330 hours to 1356 hours.

FLAK: Moderate and accurate AA fire from enemy coast to within three miles of target. Bursts were both black and red. AA fire reported in vicinities of C Griz Nez, Marquise, Watten, St. Omer, and Calais .

CASUALTIES: S/Sgt. M. F. Skiles-flak wound in stomach. S/Sgt. T. C. Young-flak wound on right leg. Lt. Wendell Quattlebaum-flak wound in right cheek.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 729: Capt. J. H. McPartlin, Lt. Col. C. G. Gillespie, Lts. B. D. Moore, J. W. Ryan, J. M. Hexum, T/Sgt. T. R. Cetnarowski, S/Sgt. Joseph York, T/Sgts. G. W. Boyle, F. G. Seaver, S/Sgt. D, J, Aldrich, F/O P. G. McDuffee.

A/C 929: Lts. W. B. Smith, G. H. Heilig, W. P. Richards, F/O T. J. Capparelli, T/Sgt. J. A. Wood, Sgt. H. R. Harding, S/Sgts. F. B. Kirby, R. J. Jackson, John Hinda, Sgt. P. C. Bara.

A/C 079: Lts. J. D. C. Anderson, H. C. Nichols, J. G. Stuart, L. D. Godfrey, T/Sgt. J. C. Maddox, S/Sgt. D. R. Bartlett, T/Sgt. Andrew Baluschak, S/Sgts. M. F. Skiles, A. G. Romulis, A. A. Seeley.

A/C 892: Lts. H. H. Evers, Jr., R. J. Griesbach, B. P. Hart, W. P. Conlon, T/Sgt. J. A. Capron, S/Sgt. T, C. Young, T/Sgt. J. J. Alba, S/Sgts. R. H. Ginsberg, C. E. Clark, John Husick.

A/C 771: Lts. J. D. Davis, A. N. Morey, F. I. Varva, W. G. Quarve,

T/Sgt. R. A. Wood, S/Sgt. G. A. Parrish, T/Sgt. D. K. Nowlin, S/Sgts. R. O. Duncan, J. B. Brennan, J. L. Ziegler.

MISCELLANEOUS: All aircraft in this squadron were badly hit by flak.

December 25, 1943 &ndash 2 nd Lts. Davis , O-800845, Gibbons, O-802738, promoted to 1 st Lts. effective 21 December. Sgt. William A. Grant, 38062126, assigned and joined from 8 th AFRD.

December 26, 1943 &ndash T/Sgt. Darden, 6950807, transferred to Hq. And Hq. Squadron, 1 st CCRC< AAF Station 112.

FLYING: 5 A/C flew local formation flight for total logged time of 13.30 hours.

December 27, 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Target Identification 13 13.00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 68 68.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 5 5.45 man-hours.

Code & Test 9 11.15 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 1 1.00 man-hour.

Navigation Class 1 2.00 man-hours.

Radio Network 4 4.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 4 4.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 3 A/C flew local formation for 7.30 total logged time.

3 A/C flew cross-country for 4.45 total logged time.

D ecember 28, 1943 &ndash Major Willard R. Middleton, O-253437 assigned and joined from 324 th Bomb Squadron, this station.

Link Trainer 4 4.45 man-hours.

Target Identification 12 12.00 man-hours.

Skeet Shoot 9 18.00 man-hours.

Code & Lecture 8 10.00 man-hours.

Gunners Critique 135 135.00 man-hours.

Shadowgraph 3 3.00 man-hours.

Navigation Class 7 14.00 man-hours.

Radio Lecture 12 12.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 4 4.00 man-hours.

Dinghy Drill 10 Crews 100.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 4 A/C flew local formation for 12.00 total logged time.

December 29, 1943 &ndash T/5 Louis W. Shepherd, 35624637, assigned and joined from 17 th RCD, AAF Station 536. Following assigned and joined from 8 th AF RCD.2 nd Lts. Angelo J. Depeder, O-769187, (Bomb), William E. Eberley, O-811593, (Nav), Gilbert M. Falck, O-690069, (CP),

Lee A. Lewis, O-688537, (Bomb), James P. Lutz, O-803834, (P), Clyde V. Mason, O-742504, (P), Irvin F. Stehlik, O-690267, (CP), John Whitney, O-811820, (Nav), Harry L. Alexander, 32557729, Ronald F. Cannon, 35613764, S/Sgt. George G. Fitton, 33193583, S/Sgt. Joseph W. Kudasik, 13084325, S/Sgt. Guy C. Moulton, 12191196, Thomas G. Smith, 36503796, Sgt. Conrad C. Baker, 35742208, Sgt. Victor H. Clifford, 11072722, Sgt. Jack J. Ney, 18202039, Sgt. Robert F. Perkins, 16099845, Sgt. Ralph F. Renzelman, 11083832, Sgt. Donald C. Zahler, 12198791.

Link Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 11 5.30 man-hours.

Code & Lecture 7 8.45 man-hours.

Code Practice 4 4.00 man-hours.

A/C Recognition 56 56.00 man-hours.

Dinghy Drill 80 80.00 man-hours.

Radio Network 4 4.00 man-hours.

Harwell Trainer 4 4.00 man-hours.

Navigation Class 5 10.00 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 9 7.05 man-hours.

FLYING: 4 A/C flew local high altitude formation flight total of 22.00 hours. 1 A/C flew cross-country for 1.35 hours.

December 30, 1943 &ndash PERSONNEL CHANGES: None.

Link Trainer 6 6.00 man-hours.

Target Identification 8 8.00 man-hours.

Radio Network 2 2.00 man-hours.

Skeet Shooting 8 16.00 man-hours.

Dinghy Drill 40 20.00 man-hours.

Code Practice 5 6.15 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew on Air Sea rescue Mission for 4.15 hours. 1 A/C flew cross-country for1.30 hours.

Squadron supplied 7 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

484 1158 23,000 ft 21 x M47 IB

187 1157 21,600 ft 42 x M47 IB

079 1158 22,800 ft NICKELS

679 1158 23,400 ft 21 x M47 IB

BOMBING RESULTS: Unobserved due to undercast, PFF used.

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: Between 20 and 30 E/F seen at intermittent periods. Most E/A seen were Me 109&rsquos a few of which carried markings &ldquoK.G.L.&rdquo FW 190&rsquos, Me 110&rsquos, Ju 88&rsquos and one Macchi 202 sighted. Attacks not pressed home.

FLAK: Enroute, meager, inaccurate AA fire experienced at Worms and at the target.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSIONS:

A/C 484: Lt. H. H. Evers, F/O P. G. McDuffee, Lts. F. T. Keneley, W. P. Conlon, T/Sgts. J. A. Capron, J. J. Alba, S/Sgts. L. S. Kerr, L. W. Bryant, John Husick, P. C. Bara.

A/C 679: Lts. S. L. Evans, R. W. Thompson, Harold Levin, T. W. Harper, Sgts. R. R. Saffell, M. K. Delong, P. K. DelTorto, A. A. Scelza, S/Sgt. R. N. Kasch, Sgt. R. J. Schupp.

A/C 187: Lts. J. D. C. Anderson, H. C. Nichols, J. G. Stuart, J. A. Graham, T/Sgt. J. C. Maddox, S/Sgt. D. R. Bartlett, T/Sgt. Andrew Beluschak, S/Sgt. A.G. Romulis, Sgt. K. P. Fiigen, S/Sgt. A. A. Seeley.

A/C 079: Lts. P. R. Coleman, R. A. Thompson, H. J. Wilson, J. S. O&rsquoLooney, T/Sgt. R. E. Gerstemeier, S/Sgt. F. J. Deary, T/Sgt. F. R. Kirby, S/Sgts. O. D. Phillips, A. W. Truesdale, G. G. Selter.

MISCELLANEOUS: A/C 863 piloted by Lt F. C. Ammann crash landed at Steeple Morden after #1 and #3 engines caught fire at Take Off. Plane was total wreck but none of the crew were hurt.

December 31, 1943 - 1 st Lt. Aubrey M. Commons. (Arm),O-437112, assigned and joined from 8 th AF RCD. Pfc. John J. Finnegan, 3328825, assigned and joined from Hq. 91 st Bomb Group.

A/C Recognition 25 25.00 man-hours.

Bomb Trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

Spotlight Trainer 4 2.00 man-hours.

Link Trainer 6 6.00 man-hours.

Gee Trainer 4 2.45 man-hours.

Harwell trainer 2 2.00 man-hours.

FLYING: 1 A/C flew locally for 1.15 hours. 1 A/C flew high altitude 2.45 hours.

Squadron supplied 9 A/C for this mission.

A/C # TOT ALT AT TARGET BOMBS ON TARGET

057 1302 Hrs 18,700 ft 21 M 47 IB&rsquoS

741 1221 Hrs 18,000 ft 21 M 47 IB&rsquoS

679 1301 Hrs 18,200 ft 21 M 47 IB&rsquoS

804 1303 Hrs 18,000 ft 21 M 47 IB&rsquoS

591 1202 Hrs 18,000 ft 21 M 47 IB&rsquoS

073 1305 Hrs 18,000 ft 21 M 47 IB&rsquoS

079 1302 Hrs 18,500 ft 21 M 47 IB&rsquoS

187 1303 Hrs 18,100 ft 21 M 47 IB&rsquoS

BOMBING RESULTS: Crews report bombing as good and well concentrated on Target Area. Flames could be seen for 20 minutes after leaving target..

ENEMY AIRCRAFT: From 15 to 25 E/F, mostly Me 109&rsquos, FW 190&rsquos. and 2 Ju 88&rsquos observed. One FW 190 sighted with P-51 markings. Attacks not concentrated and were delivered as if by inexperienced pilots.

FLAK: Meager inaccurate AA fire at Brest Intense barrage in Bordeaux Area and A/D at target AA fire moderate and accurate AA fire moderate and accurate at Royan and Pt. De la Coubre.

CLAIMS: A/C 591, Sgt. H. K. Harding &ndash Me 109 destroyed.

CREWS CREDITED WITH MISSION :

A/C 804: Capt. H. J. McPartlin, Lts. B. D. Moore, W. F. Borealis, J. M. Hexum, T/Sgts. T. R. Cetnarowski, F. G. Seaver, G. W. Boyle, Lt. F. F. Whitcomb, S/Sgts. E. J. Vogler, D. J. Aldrich.

A/C 484: Lt. H. H. Evers, F/O P. G. McDuffee, Lts. F. T. Keneley, Jr., W. P. Conlon. T/Sgts. J. A. Capron, J. J. Alba, S/Sgts. L. S. Kerr, L. W. Bryant, John Husick, Anthony Dannucci, Jr.

A/C 079: Lts. P. R. Coleman, R. A. Thompson, H. J. Wilson, J. S. O&rsquoLooney, S/Sgts. Orlando Puntorno, F. J. Deary, T/Sgt. D. C. Stairs, S/Sgts. O. D. Phillips, A. W. Truesdale, S. J. Pogan.

A/C 187: Lts. J. D. Davis, A. H. Morey, F. I. Varva, W. G. Quarve, T/Sgts. D. K. Nowlin, R. A. Wood, S/Sgts. J. B. Brennan, G. A. Parrish, R. O. Duncan, G. G. Selter.

A/C 073: Lts. J. D. C. Anderson, H. C. Nichols, H. A. Levin, P. H. McNulty, T/Sgts. Andrew Beluschak, J. C. Maddox, Sgt. C. R. Zimmerman, S/Sgts. A. A. Seeley, D. R. Bartlett, Sgt. K. F. Fiigen.

A/C 741: Lts. R. S. Roberts, F. L. Butler, J. W. Ryan, J. C. Wellman, S/Sgt. Ward Simonson, Sgt. E. A Diethorn, S/Sgt. R. N. Kasch, Sgts.

P. F. Lunt, G. M. Cloyd, G. A. Wiggett.

A/C 591: Lts. W. B. Smith, H. E. Kirby, F/O T. J. Capparell, S/Sgt. F. B. Kirby, T/Sgt. J. A. Wood, Sgts. H. R. Harding, P. C. Bara, Martin Goldberg, S/Sgt. R. H. Ginsberg.

A/C 958: Lts. C. L. Price, P. R. Goynes, H. A. Groombridge, L. D. Godfrey, T/Sgts. R. E. Pruitt, J. E. Cardwell, S/Sgts. F. A. Ford, H. E. Winfree, R. J. Jackson, John Hinda.

A/C 679: Lts. W. E. Gibbons, C. F. McCallum, D. E. Shea, J. H. Piland,

Sgt. L. R. Holland, T/Sgt. J. R. Parsons, S/Sgts. C. E. Clark, P. H. Goecke, C. R. Bateman, J. W. Edwards.

A/C 057: Lts. J. E. LaFontin, C. R. Peck, E. R. Hedstrom, J. M. Donigan, Sgts. D. S. Abeles, S. L. Sommers, S/Sgt. H. J. Rhode, Sgts. M. P. LaCasse, R. D. Libby, S/Sgt. N. V. Pero.


The Holocaust: An Introductory History

The Holocaust (also called Ha-Shoah in Hebrew) refers to the period from January 30, 1933 - when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany - to May 8, 1945, when the war in Europe officially ended. During this time, Jews in Europe were subjected to progressively harsher persecution that ultimately led to the murder of 6,000,000 Jews (1.5 million of these being children) and the destruction of 5,000 Jewish communities. These deaths represented two-thirds of European Jewry and one-third of all world Jewry.

The Jews who died were not casualties of the fighting that ravaged Europe during World War II. Rather, they were the victims of Germany&rsquos deliberate and systematic attempt to annihilate the entire Jewish population of Europe, a plan Hitler called the &ldquoFinal Solution&rdquo (Endlosung).

Background

After its defeat in World War I, Germany was humiliated by the Versailles Treaty, which reduced its prewar territory, drastically reduced its armed forces, demanded the recognition of its guilt for the war, and stipulated it pay reparations to the allied powers. With the German Empire destroyed, a new parliamentary government called the Weimar Republic was formed. The republic suffered from economic instability, which grew worse during the worldwide depression after the New York stock market crash in 1929. Massive inflation followed by very high unemployment heightened existing class and political differences and began to undermine the government.

On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler, leader of the National Socialist German Workers (Nazi) Party, was named chancellor of Germany by President Paul von Hindenburg after the Nazi party won a significant percentage of the vote in the elections of 1932. The Nazi Party had taken advantage of the political unrest in Germany to gain an electoral foothold. The Nazis incited clashes with the communists and conducted a vicious propaganda campaign against its political opponents &ndash the weak Weimar government and the Jews whom the Nazis blamed for Germany&rsquos ills.

Propaganda: &ldquoThe Jews Are Our Misfortune&rdquo

A major tool of the Nazis&rsquo propaganda assault was the weekly Nazi newspaper Der Stürmer (The Attacker). At the bottom of the front page of each issue, in bold letters, the paper proclaimed, &ldquoThe Jews are our misfortune!&rdquo Der Stürmer also regularly featured cartoons of Jews in which they were caricatured as hooked-nosed and ape-like. The influence of the newspaper was far-reaching: by 1938 about a half million copies were distributed weekly.

Soon after he became chancellor, Hitler called for new elections in an effort to get full control of the Reichstag, the German parliament, for the Nazis. The Nazis used the government apparatus to terrorize the other parties. They arrested their leaders and banned their political meetings. Then, in the midst of the election campaign, on February 27, 1933, the Reichstag building burned. A Dutchman named Marinus van der Lubbe was arrested for the crime, and he swore he had acted alone. Although many suspected the Nazis were ultimately responsible for the act, the Nazis managed to blame the Communists, thus turning more votes their way.

The fire signaled the demise of German democracy. On the next day, the government, under the pretense of controlling the Communists, abolished individual rights and protections: freedom of the press, assembly, and expression were nullified, as well as the right to privacy. When the elections were held on March 5, the Nazis received nearly 44 percent of the vote, and with 8 percent offered by the Conservatives, won a majority in the government.

The Nazis moved swiftly to consolidate their power into a dictatorship. On March 23, the Enabling Act was passed. It sanctioned Hitler&rsquos dictatorial efforts and legally enabled him to pursue them further. The Nazis marshaled their formidable propaganda machine to silence their critics. They also developed a sophisticated police and military force.

The Sturmabteilung (S.A., Storm Troopers), a grassroots organization, helped Hitler undermine the German democracy. The Gestapo (Geheime Staatspolizei, Secret State Police), a force recruited from professional police officers, was given complete freedom to arrest anyone after February 28. The Schutzstaffel (SS, Protection Squad) served as Hitler&rsquos personal bodyguard and eventually controlled the concentration camps and the Gestapo. The Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS (S.D., Security Service of the SS) functioned as the Nazis&rsquo intelligence service, uncovering enemies and keeping them under surveillance.

With this police infrastructure in place, opponents of the Nazis were terrorized, beaten, or sent to one of the concentration camps the Germans built to incarcerate them. Dachau, just outside of Munich, was the first such camp built for political prisoners. Dachau&rsquos purpose changed over time and eventually became another brutal concentration camp for Jews.

By the end of 1934 Hitler was in absolute control of Germany, and his campaign against the Jews in full swing. The Nazis claimed the Jews corrupted pure German culture with their &ldquoforeign&rdquo and &ldquomongrel&rdquo influence. They portrayed the Jews as evil and cowardly, and Germans as hardworking, courageous, and honest. The Jews, the Nazis claimed, who were heavily represented in finance, commerce, the press, literature, theater, and the arts, had weakened Germany&rsquos economy and culture. The massive government-supported propaganda machine created a racial anti-Semitism, which was different from the long­standing anti-Semitic tradition of the Christian churches.

The superior race was the &ldquoAryans,&rdquo the Germans. The word Aryan, &ldquoderived from the study of linguistics, which started in the eighteenth century and at some point determined that the Indo-Germanic (also known as Aryan) languages were superior in their structures, variety, and vocabulary to the Semitic languages that had evolved in the Near East. This judgment led to a certain conjecture about the character of the peoples who spoke these languages the conclusion was that the &lsquoAryan&rsquo peoples were likewise superior to the &lsquoSemitic&rsquo ones&rdquo

The Jews Are Isolated from Society

The Nazis then combined their racial theories with the evolutionary theories of Charles Darwin to justify their treatment of the Jews. The Germans, as the strongest and fittest, were destined to rule, while the weak and racially adulterated Jews were doomed to extinction. Hitler began to restrict the Jews with legislation and terror, which entailed burning books written by Jews, removing Jews from their professions and public schools, confiscating their businesses and property and excluding them from public events. The most infamous of the anti-Jewish legislation were the Nuremberg Laws, enacted on September 15, 1935. They formed the legal basis for the Jews&rsquo exclusion from German society and the progressively restrictive Jewish policies of the Germans.

Many Jews attempted to flee Germany, and thousands succeeded by immigrating to such countries as Belgium, Czechoslovakia, England, France and Holland. It was much more difficult to get out of Europe. Jews encountered stiff immigration quotas in most of the world&rsquos countries. Even if they obtained the necessary documents, they often had to wait months or years before leaving. Many families out of desperation sent their children first.

In July 1938, representatives of 32 countries met in the French town of Evian to discuss the refugee and immigration problems created by the Nazis in Germany. Nothing substantial was done or decided at the Evian Conference, and it became apparent to Hitler that no one wanted the Jews and that he would not meet resistance in instituting his Jewish policies. By the autumn of 1941, Europe was in effect sealed to most legal emigration. The Jews were trapped.

On November 9-10, 1938, the attacks on the Jews became violent. Hershel Grynszpan, a 17-year-old Jewish boy distraught at the deportation of his family, shot Ernst vom Rath, the third secretary in the German Embassy in Paris, who died on November 9. Nazi hooligans used this assassination as the pretext for instigating a night of destruction that is now known as Kristallnacht (the night of broken glass). They looted and destroyed Jewish homes and businesses and burned synagogues. Many Jews were beaten and killed 30,000 Jews were arrested and sent to concentration camps.

The Jews Are Confined to Ghettos

Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, beginning World War II. Soon after, in 1940, the Nazis began establishing ghettos for the Jews of Poland. More than 10 percent of the Polish population was Jewish, numbering about three million. Jews were forcibly deported from their homes to live in crowded ghettos, isolated from the rest of society.

This concentration of the Jewish population later aided the Nazis in their deportation of the Jews to the death camps. The ghettos lacked the necessary food, water, space, and sanitary facilities required by so many people living within their constricted boundaries. Many died of deprivation and starvation.

The &ldquoFinal Solution&rdquo

In June 1941 Germany attacked the Soviet Union and began the &ldquoFinal Solution.&rdquo Four mobile killing groups were formed called Einsatzgruppen A, B, C and D. Each group contained several commando units. The Einsatzgruppen gathered Jews town by town, marched them to huge pits dug earlier, stripped them, lined them up, and shot them with automatic weapons. The dead and dying would fall into the pits to be buried in mass graves. In the infamous Babi Yar massacre, near Kiev, 30,000-35,000 Jews were killed in two days. In addition to their operations in the Soviet Union, the Einsatzgruppen conducted mass murder in eastern Poland, Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia. It is estimated that by the end of 1942, the Einsatzgruppen had murdered more than 1.3 million Jews.

On January 20, 1942, several top officials of the German government met to officially coordinate the military and civilian administrative branches of the Nazi system to organize a system of mass murder of the Jews. This meeting, called the Wannsee Conference, &ldquomarked the beginning of the full-scale, comprehensive extermination operation [of the Jews] and laid the foundations for its organization, which started immediately after the conference ended.&rdquo

While the Nazis murdered other national and ethnic groups, such as a number of Soviet prisoners of war, Polish intellectuals, and gypsies, only the Jews were marked for systematic and total annihilation. Jews were singled out for &ldquoSpecial Treatment&rdquo (Sonderbehandlung), which meant that Jewish men, women and children were to be methodically killed with poisonous gas. In the exacting records kept at the Auschwitz death camp, the cause of death of Jews who had been gassed was indicated by &ldquoSB,&rdquo the first letters of the two words that form the German term for &ldquoSpecial Treatment.&rdquo

By the spring of 1942, the Nazis had established six killing centers (death camps) in Poland: Chelmno (Kulmhof), Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, Maidanek and Auschwitz. All were located near railway lines so that Jews could be easily transported daily. A vast system of camps (called Lagersystem) supported the death camps. The purpose of these camps varied: some were slave labor camps, some transit camps, others concentration camps and their subcamps, and still others the notorious death camps. Some camps combined all of these functions or a few of them. All the camps were intolerably brutal.

In nearly every country overrun by the Nazis, the Jews were forced to wear badges marking them as Jews, they were rounded up into ghettos or concentration camps and then gradually transported to the killing centers. The death camps were essentially factories for murdering Jews. The Germans shipped thousands of Jews to them each day. Within a few hours of their arrival, the Jews had been stripped of their possessions and valuables, gassed to death, and their bodies burned in specially designed crematoriums. Approximately 3.5 million Jews were murdered in these death camps.

Many healthy, young strong Jews were not killed immediately. The Germans&rsquo war effort and the &ldquoFinal Solution&rdquo required a great deal of manpower, so the Germans reserved large pools of Jews for slave labor. These people, imprisoned in concentration and labor camps, were forced to work in German munitions and other factories, such as I.G. Farben and Krupps, and wherever the Nazis needed laborers. They were worked from dawn until dark without adequate food and shelter. Thousands perished, literally worked to death by the Germans and their collaborators.

In the last months of Hitler&rsquos Reich, as the German armies retreated, the Nazis began marching the prisoners still alive in the concentration camps to the territory they still controlled. The Germans forced the starving and sick Jews to walk hundreds of miles. Most died or were shot along the way. About a quarter of a million Jews died on the death marches.

Jewish Resistance

The Germans&rsquo overwhelming repression and the presence of many collaborators in the various local populations severely limited the ability of the Jews to resist. Jewish resistance did occur, however, in several forms. Staying alive, clean, and observing Jewish religious traditions constituted resistance under the dehumanizing conditions imposed by the Nazis. Other forms of resistance involved escape attempts from the ghettos and camps. Many who succeeded in escaping the ghettos lived in the forests and mountains in family camps and in fighting partisan units. Once free, though, the Jews had to contend with local residents and partisan groups who were often openly hostile. Jews also staged armed revolts in the ghettos of Vilna, Bialystok, Bedzin-Sosnowiec, Krakow, and Warsaw.

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising was the largest ghetto revolt. Massive deportations (or Aktions) had been held in the ghetto from July to September 1942, emptying the ghetto of the majority of Jews imprisoned there. When the Germans entered the ghetto again in January 1943 to remove several thousand more, small unorganized groups of Jews attacked them. After four days, the Germans withdrew from the ghetto, having deported far fewer people than they had intended. The Nazis reentered the ghetto on April 19, 1943, the eve of Passover, to evacuate the remaining Jews and close the ghetto. The Jews, using homemade bombs and stolen or bartered weapons, resisted and withstood the Germans for 27 days. They fought from bunkers and sewers and evaded capture until the Germans burned the ghetto building by building. By May 16, the ghetto was in ruins and the uprising crushed.

Jews also revolted in the death camps of Sobibor, Treblinka and Auschwitz. All of these acts of resistance were largely unsuccessful in the face of the superior German forces, but they were very important spiritually, giving the Jews hope that one day the Nazis would be defeated.

Liberation

The camps were liberated gradually, as the Allies advanced on the German army. For example, Maidanek (near Lublin, Poland) was liberated by Soviet forces in July 1944, Auschwitz in January 1945 by the Soviets, Bergen-Belsen (near Hanover, Germany) by the British in April 1945, and Dachau by the Americans in April 1945.

At the end of the war, between 50,000 and 100,000 Jewish survivors were living in three zones of occupation: American, British and Soviet. Within a year, that figure grew to about 200,000. The American zone of occupation contained more than 90 percent of the Jewish displaced persons (DPs). The Jewish DPs would not and could not return to their homes, which brought back such horrible memories and still held the threat of danger from anti-Semitic neighbors. Thus, they languished in DP camps until emigration could be arranged to Palestine, and later Israel, the United States, South America and other countries. The last DP camp closed in 1957

Below are figures for the number of Jews murdered in each country that came under German domination. They are estimates, as are all figures relating to Holocaust victims. The numbers given here for Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania are based on their territorial borders before the 1938 Munich agreement. The total number of six million Jews murdered during the Holocaust, which emerged from the Nuremberg trials, is also an estimate. Numbers have ranged between five and seven million killed. The exact number will never be known because of the many people whose murders were not recorded and whose bodies have still not be found.


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