Stephen Reynolds

Stephen Reynolds was born in Devizes, Wiltshire in 1881. He was educated at Manchester University where he took a degree in chemistry. Reynolds lived for a time in Paris but attempts to become a writer ended in failure and he moved back to England.

Reynolds took an interest in working class life and in 1909 his book, A Poor Man's House was published. A second book, Seems So! A Working-Class View of Politics followed two years later.

Unable to make a full-time living as a writer, Reynolds found work as Inspector of Fisheries for the South West Area.

Stephen Reynolds died in 1919.

JSBlog - Journal of a Southern Bookreader

For some time I've been peripherally aware of Reynolds as a writer with a Sidmouth connection, but really only at a 'Blue Plaque' level - he lived adjacent to the present Sidmouth Museum - and in the basics that he went to live with the Woolley family - poor fisher-folk of Sidmouth - in the early 1900s, and fictionalised them as the Widgers of "Seacombe" in the strongly autobiographical A Poor Man's House.

However, this is very much downplaying the complexities of his political and personal life. Reynolds didn't simply drop out in favour of a simple fishing life, but strongly espoused working-class causes from that position. His 1908 A Poor Man's House is strongly political (the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography describes it as "Orwellian"), and it vigorously opposes Fabian social reform, aimed at improving the lot of the working class by instilling middle-class values. It was followed up with the more explicitly political Seems so! A working-class view of politics (1911). Dr Hyman mentioned in his letter to the Devon History Society that his talk credits Richard Batten's PhD thesis, Devon and the First World War, and this is worth reading as it highlights in passing Reynolds' considerable criticism of the Devon establishment in World War One - how issues such as conscription and duty were 'framed' through a local elite too old to risk conscription themselves (wasn't it ever thus?).

The 1929 Who Was Who describes his Sidmouth career as

That he was gay - his partner from 1915 was Harry Paynter, a young St Ives fisherman - adds further complication that could rather confound stereotypes. Did he hide this from his working-class fishing colleagues, or were they more tolerant than we would assume? Reynolds is altogether a complex character - the ODNB describes him as "deeply neurotic", and mentions how he was seen regularly in London, dressed in fisherman's jersey and sea boots - and his adoption of a working-class fishing life looks like an intertwining of political sympathies and personal complexities over class/persona.

From a quick skim of Alongshore, his works look excellent, and he could have gone on to wider acclaim if he hadn't died at only 38 during the post-WW1 influenza epidemic.

Jonathan, eldest son of John the Emigrant.

The site of "Old Greenwich," now Sound Beach, lying some three miles to the west of Stamford, had been purchased from the Indians on behalf of the New Haven Colony, on July 18, 1640, by Robert Feaks and Captain Daniel Patrick, the latter a companion of John Reynolds of Watertown and Wethersfield.

About 1653 many of the settlers of Stamford had moved there, and among the earliest inhabitants were Jonathan and John Reynolds, whose land lay along the Two Brothers' Brook, which fact probably suggested its name.

Subsequently to 1653 the name of Jonathan Reynolds appears but once in the Stamford Records: "Jan. 7, 1666, Wm. Grimes for swearing veanly by ye name of God it being fully proved by Mr. Jones and Jonathan Renolds and Jos. Knapp ye said Grimes is fined ten shillings and to pay all charges of his being to Stamford which is four shillings to each man." This Grimes at that time was an "Inhabitant" of Greenwich, as were the witnesses.

In the Greenwich Town Records is an account of a town meeting held February 5, 1664, in which it was proposed to divide the "common lands by a rule of proportion according to what each man's estate shall be visable." The proprietors are given as follows: "Jeffre Ferris Sense, Joshua Knapp Sense, Joseph Ferris, Jonathan Reynolds, Angell Heusted, John Mead Sense, John Hobbe." These were termed the "Seven Proprietors." (Sense is an abbreviation for Senior.)

One of the earliest deeds recorded at Greenwich (p. 3, vol. A.) is a bill of sale bearing date December 13, 1665, from Richard Vowles of Rye to Jonathan Ronalds, of Greenwich, of "seven acres of upland more or lesse which lieth within the compass of ye land that was called ye ox pasture, situate in Greenwich, bounded as followeth, northerly by ye bye way, westerly by Grimes land and southerly by Joseph Ferrises land, Easterly by a Swamp, also three acres of Maddow more or less bounded southwest by Jonathan Ronaldoes land, North east by Joseph Ferris, Westerly by Joshua Knapps' land and Eastardly by Jonathan Ronoldes upland also a sartaine parsoll of upland XXX also my whole rite and interest Elizabeth Neck also my whole interest in land unto Myanos River." At the bottom of the page is the following:

I, Jonathan Ronalds do by this firmly assigne and make over this within bill of sale unto my Brother John Ronalds freely oneing, and acknowledging the whole rite and interest in ye aforsayd bill of sale to be his to wit my brother John Reynolds and for a witness of ye truth of ye same I have set to my hand according to date within written, Jonathan Ronalds. In presence of

Joseph Mead,

Timothy Knapp.

This bill and deed entered in the year of our Lord 1682, Februari 27.

In 1667 Jonathan Reynolds was made a member of the Assembly for Greenwich, and on October 24th, 1669, he was made a freeman of Connecticut by the Assembly of Greenwich. On December 28th, 1669, Jonathan Reynolds, Sargent Lockwood, John Hobby, Joshua Knapp, John Mead, and Joseph Mead, were appointed to free the town of all claims by Daniel Patrick, the son of Daniel Patrick, formerly Patroon of the Manor, who now appeared laying claims to his fathers land. The committee for the settlers who held by squatter sovereignty bought him off by paying a horse, saddle and bridle and fifty pounds. He served on various important committees for the laying out of lands, for making survey of Horseneck "to see if it be suitable for the settlement of a township," as surveyor of highways, etc., all of which appointments are recorded in the Common Place Book of Greenwich. The following is a last mention of Jonathan in the Greenwich Records: "At town meeting 13, 12th month, Joshua Knapp is chosen to be a townman in the room of Jonathan Reynolds." No other business was considered at this meeting. The last previous meeting was November 13, 1673. It is therefore probable that he died in November or December, 1673.

Letters of administration on his estate now filed at Fairfield, Connecticut, January 23, 1673-74, speak of him as "lately deceased," and mention his children:

  1. Jonathan R., about 13 years
  2. John R., about 11 years
  3. Joseph R., about 4 1/2 years
  4. Rebecca R., about 14 years
  5. Sarah R., aged 8 last November 6th
  6. Elizabeth R., aged 6 last August.

Apportionment was by Angell Heusted and Jonathan Knapp. He left a "widow Renals" and a total estate of three hundred and fifty-eight pounds. Inventory taken March 10, 1673-74. Ebenezer, a posthumous child, was born in 1673.

The apportionment was by Angell Heusted, and showed a total estate of three hundred and fifty-eight pounds. The will of Angell Heusted, also filed at Fairfield in 1706, mentions his "son-in-law Jonathan Renalds." It is possible that the "widow Renals" mentioned in the apportionment might have been a daughter of Heusted. While the above estate would not to-day be considered a large one, it was sufficient to place him second among the "Twenty-seven Proprietors of 1672," who purchased the Horseneck track, for at that time the rights in the distribution of land were based upon the wealth of the colonists.

The following are the descendants of Jonathan Reynolds as far as they have been ascertained unless otherwise stated it may be assumed that they were all of Greenwich, Connecticut.

We have no information concerning the eldest child, Rebecca, excepting that she was born in 1659.

2. Jonathan — Jonathan — John.

The second child, Jonathan, was born in 1660, and married, Dec. 7th, 1682, Nevill Ridewere. The marriage is recorded in the Common Place Book at Greenwich, as are the births of their children, i. e.,

1. Jonathan — Jonathan — Jonathan — John.

Their eldest child was Jonathan, who was born in 1683, and who married, April 13, 1703, Rebecca Seaman, and had

  1. Rebecca, b. Feb. 12, 1704, married, Jan. 29, 1727, Isaac Knapp
  2. Sarah, b. 1706, married, Feb. 7, 1744, Benjamin Holmes, and had Enoch Holmes
  3. Jonathan, b. Jan. 26, 1707-08 married, May 6, 1731, Elizabeth Briggs, dau. of Daniel Briggs of Stamford, by whom he had:
    1. Mercy, b. June 23, 1736
    2. Daniel, b. Aug. 7, 1739
    3. Hannah, b. Jan. 21, 1742
    4. Phillip, b. Mch. 30, 1744
    5. Samuel, b. Mch. 29, 1747.

    Abigail, fourth child of Jonathan and Rebecca Seaman, was born about 1709, and married, July 17, 1731, John Martin and had John Martin, b. Dec. 24, 1731, and possibly others.

    2. John — Jonathan — Jonathan — John.

    John, the second child of Jonathan and his wife, Nevill Ridewere, was born about 1684, and m. Hannah Jessup, dau. of Edward Jessup of Stamford. His will, dated at North Castle, Westchester county, New York, June 14, 1764, proved in New York City, liber 246, p. 590, Oct. 25, 1764, mentions his wife Hannah and his children:

    1. Margaret, m. Andrew Purdy.
    2. Robert, of Bedford, N. Y., who, in his will, executed Apr. 8, 1808, proved at White Plains, April 10, 1810, mentions his wife Ann, widow of John Kipp, his brother Sutton, and his children:
      1. Elijah, of New Castle, whose will, executed Jan. 26, 1814, proved at White Plains, Nov. 1st that year, mentions his wife Abigail and his daughter Ann Maria, who died unm., and whose will is probated at White Plains, Apr. 9, 1829.
      2. Elias, whose will, executed Oct. 7, 1814, probated at White Plains, Nov. 1st, 1814, mentions no children.
      3. Rebecca, of Bedford, who, died unm., and whose will is probated at White Plains, Mch. 2nd, 1818.

      John, the third child of John Reynolds and Hannah Jessup, lived at North Castle, Westchester, and married Ann Finch, who died in 1787, and had:

      1st, John, m. Rebecca Rundell, in 1759, he was of North Castle, and she of Poundridge she m. after his death Isaac Clark they had:

      1. Jonathan, b. 1761, m. Sarah St. John, and d. at Bedford, N. Y., in 1823
      2. Solomon, b. June 3rd, 1763, m. Joanna Miller, and d. Jan. 23, 1848, at Elmira, N. Y., leaving
        1. Isaac, b. Feb. 13, 1786, d. at Elmira, 1864, and
        2. Wright, b. Dec. 10th, 1787, d. Mch. 14, 1855.

        [Editorial note: some of the following numbers don't seem to match up, so the descendants in this section have been listed as given.]

        Ann, second child of John Reynolds and Ann Finch, m. Stephen Edgett, and removed to Nine Partners, N. Y. 3rd, Sarah, m. John Knapp, and removed to Nine Partners, N. Y. 4. Polly, m. 1st Jehiel Davis, and 2nd David Cook and removed to Delaware county, N. Y. 5. Edward, who m. Polly Chapman 6. Lizzie, m. John Banks, and d. at North Castle. 7. Jessup, m. Millicent Green 8. Hannah, m. Jeremy Green and resided in Westchester county 9. Jerusha, m. Jonathan Finch, and lived in North Castle 10. Jonah, m. ———— Ireland 11. Deborah, m. James Smith, moved to northwestern part of New York state.

        Nothing is known about Joseph, the fourth child of John Reynolds and his wife Hannah Jessup.

        5. Richeson had a son Richeson. 6. James. 7. Sutton, was of New Castle, Westchester county, N. Y., and his will, executed August 12, 1824, probated April 9, 1829, mentions his wife Anna and his children: 1. Amy. 2. Sutton, who lived at Billings, in town of Beckman, Dutchess county, N. Y., and m. Phebe Seaman, and had Mary, who m. James Johnson. Sutton and his wife Anna also had: 3. Hannah, wife of Thomas Dodge. 4. Joseph. 5. Jonathan. 6. Andrew.

        Nothing is known of Andrew, the eighth child of John Reynolds and Hannah Jessup.

        3. Nathan — Jonathan — Jonathan — John.

        Nathan, third child of Jonathan and his wife, Nevill Ridewere, was born about 1688, and d. in 1748, and m. Ruth Reynolds, and had

        4. Peter — Jonathan — Jonathan — John.

        4. Peter, son of Jonathan and his wife Nevill Ridewere, was born about 1691. We have no other information concerning him.

        5. Josiah — Jonathan — Jonathan — John.

        5. Josiah, b. Jan. 13, 1708, m. May 1, 1735, Barbara Briggs, dau. of Daniel Briggs, and had:

        1. Elizabeth, b. Mch. 23, 1737.
        2. Martha, b. Dec. 29, 1739.
        3. Sarah, b. May 21, 1742.
        4. Barbara, b. Nov. 14, 1744.
        5. Josiah, b. July 31, 1747.
        6. Jonathan, b. May 6, 1750.
        7. Obediah, b. Jan. 21, 1753.
        8. Briggs, b. July 21, 1754.

        3. John — Jonathan — John.

        John, third child of Jonathan, the eldest son of the emigrant John, was born in 1662, and married Ruth Knapp, b. 1667, dau. of Joshua Knapp he d. in 1736, and his will executed Sept. 22, 1732, proved Apr. 6, 1736, states that he leaves no issue, but leaves his property to his wife, Ruth. He describes himself as "the present Deacon of West Society." Ruth, his widow, when the will was proved, describes herself as the wife of Ebenezer Plead.

        4. Sarah, b. Nov. 5, 1665, m. Joseph Mead. 5. Elizabeth, b. Aug., 1667, m. Mch. 16, 1687, Joshua Knapp.

        6. Joseph — Jonathan — John.

        6. Joseph, b. in 1669, m. in 1698, Abigail Finch d. in 1727. His wife Abigail was dau. of Joseph Finch, of Greenwich. She d. in 1715, and he then m. Abigail Rundell.

        On June 6, 1727, Andrew Burr, judge of the court of probate in the county of Fairfield, appointed the widow Abigail and his eldest son, Joseph, as administrators of his estate. The widow, Abigail Reynolds, joined the Second Society at Greenwich, December 16, 1728, and the church records show that Abigail Reynolds, who was probably identical with the above, was married at the church, Nov. 19, 1729, to John Benedict, of Norwalk.

        1. Joseph — Joseph — Jonathan — John.

        Joseph and his wife, Abigail Finch, had: 1. Joseph, b. at Greenwich, May 15, 1699, m. Ruth Ferris, Mch. 5, 1721-22. They joined the church Feb. 28, 1733. He had by her three children, and the others were by a second wife he removed with his brother Nehemiah to Nine Partners, or North-east Patent, now Pine Plains, Dutchess county, N. Y., where he owned an immense tract of land. He had the following children:

        1. Ruth, b. Dec. 13, 1722.
        2. Rosanna, b. Sept. 6, 1724.
        3. Joseph, b. Aug. 27, 1727. He was of Crum Elbow in 1748, and d. Nov. 12, 1799. He m. on Jan. 21, 1745, Ruth Rich, who d. Aug. 5, 1750 he m. at Bedford, N. Y., for his second wife, Lydia Parker, May 12, 1751 she d. March 28, 1789.

        Joseph and Ruth Rich had the following children:

        1. Joseph, b. July 23, 1746, m. Lydia Jenks d. in 1799.
        2. Ruth, b. Aug. 5, 1749 bpt. at Amenia, N. Y., Oct. 25, 1752, and d. Aug. 5, 1776.

        Joseph had by Lydia Parker:

        1. Lydia, b. Feb. 20, 1752, d. Sept. 1, 1804 m. Joseph Jenks.
        2. Israel, b. Dec. 25, 1753 bpt. at Amenia, N. Y., Mch. 17, 1754, lived at Peru, in northern N. Y., and d. Nov. 22, 1812. He m., Mch. 5, 1778, Deborah Thacher, who was b. Apr. 9, 1760, and d. Jan. 26, 1813, and had the following children:
          1. Lucy, b. Jan. 6, 1779, d. Dec. 6, 1852 m. Simeon Frisbie, Apr. 10, 1796, and removed to Essex county, N. Y. and left issue.
          2. Leonard, b. Jan. 9, 1781.
          3. Solomon, b. Sept. 5, 1783.
          4. Raymond, b. Feb. 18, 1786.
          5. Josiah, b. Aug. 10, 1788.
          6. Irena, b. Sept. 2, 1790.
          7. Harvey, b. Aug. 26, 1793.
          8. Seneca, b. Mch. 7, 1796, d. Apr. 14, 1872, removed from Vermont to Michigan, and m. Ann ————, July 3rd, 1823 and had:
            1. George, b. Feb. 19, 1825, d. Dec. 30, 1891.
            2. Preston, b. May 5, 1828 d. Oct. 1, 1847.
            3. Edmund, b. Mch. 18, 1831 d. Dec. 13, 1904.
            4. Myron, b. Aug. 12, 1839.

            Israel and his wife, Deborah Thacher, had also a ninth child, Israel, b. July 11, 1800, removed to Michigan.

            Joseph and his wife, Lydia Parker, had a fifth child, the Rev. Parker, b. Oct. 10, 1755, at Nine Partners, d. at Canton, N. Y., 1826, m. first Esther Dagett, and second Rhoda Carter and had:

            1. Lydia, b. July 6, 1778 m. Ethan Branch.
            2. Esther, b. July 4, 1780, m. Benjamin Warren.
            3. John Parker, b. Sept. 21, 1782, m. Rebecca Newell, and second Patience Wilson and had Laura Patience, b. Oct. 23, 1818, at Middletown, Ohio m. Andrew Campbell.
            4. Ruth, fourth child of the Rev. Parker, was b. Mch. 7, 1785.
            5. Cynthia, b. May 20, 1787.
            6. Werden Peter, b. Feb. 6, 1789 m. 1. Emme, dau. of Asa Reynolds 2nd Beulah Wentworth 3rd Nancy Purdy.
            7. Lynas, b. Nov. 3, 1790 m. Alice Baker.

            Nothing is known of Joanna, the sixth child of Joseph Reynolds and his wife, Lydia Parker. Asa, the seventh child, d. Aug. 8, 1729. All of the above seven children were born at Nine Partners, New York.

            Samuel, fourth child of Joseph, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonathan, the son of John the emigrant, was born Aug. 8, 1729. 5. Roolah, b. Nov. 8, 1731. 6. Israel Jacob, b. Jan. 16, 1734. 7. Reuhama, b. Feb. 2, 1735. 8. Rachel, b. Aug. 16, 1738. 9. Johanna, b. Dec. 21, 1740. 10. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 9, 1744 m. Calvin Averill. 11. Phebe, b. Feb. 25, 1749 m. John Howe.

            2. Abigail — Joseph — Jonathan — John.

            Joseph had a second child, Abigail, b. Apr. 3, 1701 m. David Reynolds, son of John, the third child of John the emigrant. Their marriage occurred Nov. 24, 1720, and the issue will be found under the record of her husband.

            3. Samuel — Joseph — Jonathan — John.

            Samuel, third child of Joseph, was born July 16, 1703 m. Jan. 26, 1727-28, Rebecca, dau. of Ephraim Palmer. He d. Mch. 6, 1727-28, and had

            4. Benjamin — Joseph — Jonathan — John.

            4. Benjamin, b. Mch. 26, 1705 d. in 1727.

            5. John — Joseph — Jonathan — John.

            5. John, b. May 23, 1708 in. Nov. 19, 1729, Ruth, dau. of John Reynolds, "The Cooper," the son of John, the son of John the emigrant and had:

            6. Nehemiah — Joseph — Jonathan — John.

            Nehemiah, sixth child of Joseph, was b. Apr. 8, 1709, at Greenwich. In a deed of May 20, 1743, he described himself as being of Filkintown, Nine Partners, N. Y., and together with Peter Palmer sold over 4,000 acres to Joseph Reynolds. He m. first Abigail, who, in the above deed, resigned her right of dowry, and second in 1743, at Nine Partners, N. Y., Mary ————. He had the following children:

            1. Nehemiah, who m. first, Mary Armstrong, and had:

            1. Jacob, b. 1761 d. 1831 lived at Chatham, N. Y. m. first, Sarah Hart, and had:
              1. Robert, b. 1798 lived at Austerlitz, Columbia county, N. Y., and m. Amelia Horton, and had:
                1. Lewis Hart, b. 1822.
                2. Truman Horton, b. 1824.
                3. Clarissa, b. 1826 m. David E. Hawes.
                4. Fidelia, b. 1828 m. Anson E. Barrett.
                5. John Moffitt, b. 1832 m. Lucy Rhodes.
                6. Rhoda Elizabeth, b. 1834 m. James H. Milling.
                7. Robert Edwin, b. 1837 m. Mary Reynolds.
                8. Milton Duane, b. 1839 m. Ellen H. Smith.
                9. Samuel Moore, b. 1842.

                Jacob and his wife, Sarah Hart, had:

                1. Hiram, m. Rachel Westcott, and had:
                  1. Henry.
                  2. Hiram.
                  3. Betsy.
                  4. Frank.
                  5. Robert.

                  Jacob and Sarah Hart had also:

                  Jacob, after the death of his wife, Sarah Hart, m. Mary Olds, and had by her:

                  1. Nehemiah.
                  2. Milton.
                  3. George.
                  4. Elizabeth.
                  5. Serepata.
                  6. Leonard.
                  7. Sarah.
                  8. Mehitable.
                  9. Jacob Alonzo.

                  Nehemiah had by his wife, Mary Armstrong:

                  After the death of Mary Armstrong, Nehemiah m. ———— Anstres, and had by her:

                  1. David N., b. Oct. 3, 1785 d. 1867 m. 1807, Amy, dau. of Solomon Reynolds, and had:
                    1. Edward W., b. at Chatham, Sept. 3, 1836 d. June 18, 1838.
                    2. Lewis, b. Oct. 21, 1809 d. Jan. 17, 1894 m. Ann Goodfellow, no issue.
                    3. Rachel.
                    4. Pamelia.
                    5. Abraham.
                    6. Stephen, b. Nov. 3, 1815 d. July 30, 1848 m. 1847, Sabrinia Van Alystyne, and had:
                      1. Frederick d. Apr. 17, 1893.
                      2. Stephen, b. Nov. 19, 1848 m. June 10, 1869, Ida Hatch, and second Feb. 27, 1883, Elizabeth Reynolds, dau. of Harvey. He had by his first wife:
                        1. Frederick, b. June 19, 1876 lives at Rayville, N. Y.
                        2. George N., b. Apr. 7, 1880.

                        David N. and his wife, Amy, had:

                        1. Malvinia.
                        2. Salomy.
                        3. Jane, who m. David Wickham.
                        4. Elizabeth, m. Eben Phelps.
                        5. James, b. Mch. 17, 1831 m. at Niverville, N. Y., Julia Turner, in 1857.
                        6. Mary.

                        Nehemiah and his wife, ———— Anstres, had:

                        1. William, who m. Sarah Mosher, and had:
                          1. Martin.
                          2. Seneca.
                          3. John, who m. Charity Carnell, and had Martin.
                          4. Isaac, m. Mary Woodward, and had: Horace.
                          5. Jane.
                          6. Wm. Henry, m. Eliza Melius.

                          Nehemiah had by his wife ———— Anstres:

                          1. Andrew.
                          2. Abram.
                          3. Jane.
                          4. Mary.
                          5. Sarah.
                          6. Rachel.
                          7. Salome.
                          8. Amia.
                          9. Ruamia.

                          Nehemiah, sixth child of Joseph, who was the sixth child of Jonathan, the second child of John the emigrant, had also:

                          1. Mary, who m. Solomon Finch, lived in Chatham, N. Y., and had nine children.
                          2. David, son of the above named Nehemiah, born Nov. 24, 1745, removed to Chatham, N. Y. in 1764, and d. 1820, in Chatham. He m. Lois Finch and had:
                            1. Joel, m. Elizabeth Crandall, lived in Clarkville, Otsego co., N. Y.
                            2. Nehemiah, lived near Hallsville, Otsego co., N. Y.
                            3. Amos, m. Patty Thompson, removed to Fond-du-lac, Wis.
                            4. Titus, b. Dec. 10, 1770 lived in Chatham, N. Y., d. Mch. 30, 1860 m. first Elizabeth Brown, in 1792 she was b. Oct. 11, 1770 d. July 29, 1826 and second widow Margaret Brown Finch, her sister, b. 1770 d. 1860, and had:
                              1. Wm. L., b. Aug. 22, 1794 d. Apr. 5, 1871 m. Matilda Hotchkiss, and had:
                                1. Eliza, b. Apr. 18, 1815.

                                Titus had by Elizabeth Brown:

                                1. Chloe, b. Nov. 8, 1798 m. Nicholas Wilbur.
                                2. Ira, b. Nov. 8, 1805 m. Elizabeth Burton.
                                3. Alanson, b. Aug. 14, 1808 d. Sept. 23, 1878 m. first Caroline Ashley, second Patty Shumway Hunt, third Lydia Ray Gale, and had:
                                  1. Oliver, m. Gertrude Pierce, had an only son, Orlando.
                                  2. Albert.
                                  3. Smith, m. Julia Carpenter, lived in Stockbridge, Mass.
                                  1. Alzena, b. May 29, 1814 d. Aug. 15, 1856.
                                  2. Lavinia, b. Oct. 17, 1801 d. July 4, 1858.
                                  3. Harvey, b. Jan. 29, 1820 d. Feb. 3, 1891, and had:
                                    1. Waterman, b. Jan. 9, 1844 d. June 7, 1883.
                                    2. Wm. J., b. May 24, 1849 d. Oct. 5, 1855.
                                    3. Elizabeth S., b. Sept. 18, 1854.

                                    David Reynolds and his wife Lois Finch had also:

                                    1. Zaida, m. James Murphy.
                                    2. Rebecca, m. Stephen Finch.
                                    3. Lydia, m. Arnold Wooley.
                                    4. Esther, m. Oliver Allen.
                                    5. Solomon, b. Dec. 23, 1766 d. Aug. 21, 1850 m. Dec. 24, 1786, Deborah Brown, a sister of the wives of Titus Reynolds and had:
                                      1. David S., b. Sept. 4, 1787 d. June 24, 1866 m., Apr. 1, 1809, Sarah Gillette, and had:
                                        1. Harris, b. Mch. 18, 1810 d. at Battle Creek, Apr. 15. 1888.
                                        2. Isiah, b. Oct. 2, 1813 d. at Battle Creek, Mich., Sept. 12, 1889 m. first Mary Hicks, second Harriet Marcy, and had:
                                          1. Walter B., b. Mch. 4, 1837, at Nassau, N. Y., d. Feb. 4, 1885, at Rochester, N. Y. m. Phebe Crandall.
                                          2. Joseph H., b. Nov. 15, 1846, at Nassau d. Feb. 25, 1848.
                                          3. Bernard H., b. June 28, 1851, at Nassau.
                                          4. Sarah G., b. Feb. 10, 1848 m. Sterling F. Hayward, of Yonkers, N. Y.

                                          David and his wife, Sarah Gillette, had also:

                                          1. Norman, b. Apr. 1, 1816, at Westford, Otsego co., N. Y., d. Oct. 2, 1888 m. Clarissa Chapman, and left no issue.
                                          2. Adelphius, b. May 30, 1812 d. Jan. 13, 1854 m. Lydia Bowman, who d. Jan. 13, 1859 no issue.
                                          3. Claudius, b. June 30, 1827 d. at Chatham, Jan. 27, 1860, and had:
                                            1. Clarence Eugene, b. July 30, 1856 resides at Battle Creek, Michigan.

                                            Solomon and his wife Deborah Brown also had:

                                            1. Titus S., b. at Chatham, N. Y., Jan. 9, 1790 d. Apr. 11, 1862 m. Dec. 11, 1813, Hannah Brockway, of Columbia co., who was born Mch. 12, 1794 d. 1881, and had:
                                              1. Horace, b. 1814.
                                              2. Lester A., b. 1816, removed to Lucerne, Minn.
                                              3. Sylvester, b. 1816 d. at Toch, Wis., Dec. 4, 1890.
                                              4. Elias B., b. 1818 d. at Lyons, Wayne co., N. Y., May 24, 1880.
                                              5. Mary Ann, b. 1820.
                                              6. Warren, b. in Chatham, Col. co., Sept. 19, 1821 lived at Amenia, N. Y., and had:
                                                1. Alvah, of Poughkeepsie, N. Y.

                                                Solomon Reynolds, ninth child of David Reynolds, had by his wife, Deborah Brown:

                                                1. Joseph S., b. Feb. 12, 1794 d. Oct. 11, 1842 m. Delia Brown, and had:
                                                  1. Constance.
                                                  2. Catherine.
                                                  3. Deborah.
                                                  4. John.

                                                  Solomon Reynolds also had:

                                                  1. James, b. July 11, 1796 d. at Chatham, N. Y., Jan. 9, 1864, m. Sarah Irish.
                                                  2. Jonathan, b. Mch. 1, 1799 d. March 22, 1858 m. Nancy Green, and had:
                                                    1. Henry, d. at Rayville, 1893, who had:
                                                      1. Lavinia, m. Rensselaer Palmer, and d. in 1894.
                                                      1. Enos, b. May 18, 1807 d. Sept. 3, 1868 m. Caroline Bristol.
                                                      2. Eunice, b. Dec. 27, 1808 d. Feb. 1, 1872 m. Abram Doughty, of Nassau, Rensselaer co., N. Y.
                                                      3. Amy, b. Dec. 16. 1791 d. May 12, 1844 m. David M. Reynolds.
                                                      4. Annis, b. Mch. 1st, 1809 d. June 1, 1886.
                                                      5. Allen, b. Dec. 18, 1810 d. Oct. 20, 1835.

                                                      David Reynolds, who was born Nov. 24, 1745, and who mar. Lois Finch, had also:

                                                      1. Mary, who m. Job Thompson.
                                                      2. Lois, who m. first Francis Barnard lived at Clarksville, Otsego Co., N. Y., and second James Wilbur.

                                                      Nehemiah, sixth child of Joseph, the son of Jonathan, the son of John the emigrant, had in addition to Nehemiah:

                                                      1. Mary.
                                                      2. David, previously mentioned.
                                                      3. Rosanna, b. 1750 d. June 8, 1833 m. Jabez Finch, and had nine children also
                                                      4. Amos, b. June 10, 1759 m. Elizabeth Mosher, lived at Chatham. They settled at Galway, Saratoga co., N. Y., and had:
                                                        1. David, lived at Galway.
                                                        2. Samuel, lived in Saratoga co.
                                                        3. Judith, m. John Allen.
                                                        4. Phebe, no issue.
                                                        1. Abigail, b. Nov. 21, 1747 m. John Bishop, and lived at Granville, N. Y.
                                                        2. Anna, b. Oct. 30, 1754, m. Stephen Howland, lived at Galway, Saratoga co., N. Y.
                                                        3. Rebecca, m. Noah Ashley and had ten children.

                                                        7. Isaac — Joseph — Jonathan — John.

                                                        Joseph had in addition to Joseph:

                                                        1. Abigail.
                                                        2. Samuel.
                                                        3. Benjamin.
                                                        4. John, and
                                                        5. Nehemiah, whose descendants have already been given
                                                        6. a seventh child, Isaac, b. June 15, 1711, at Greenwich, and removed to Crum Elbow, N. Y.

                                                        8. Reuben — Joseph — Jonathan — John.

                                                        He also had an eighth child, Reuben, b. Dec. 4, 1713, at Greenwich. He d. in 1765. He m. Mch. 19, 1734, Elizabeth Mead, who was b. Apr. 5, 1709. He left a will executed Aug. 1st, 1765, proved at Stamford, Oct. 31, 1765 his widow survived him. The following are his descendants:

                                                        1. Reuben, b. Mch. 14, 1735 m. Hepzibah ————, and had:
                                                          1. Andrew, b. Mch., 1764, who m. Sarah Cleveland and had the following children:
                                                            1. Isaac.
                                                            2. Hosea, m. Elizabeth Fuller.
                                                            3. Henry.
                                                            4. Sally.
                                                            5. Andrew.
                                                            6. Hepzibah.
                                                            7. Lucy.
                                                            8. Amy.
                                                            9. Patty.
                                                            10. John.
                                                            11. Charles.

                                                            8. Reuben and his wife, Elizabeth Mead, had also:

                                                            1. Titus, b. about 1736 lived at North Salem, Westchester co., N. Y., m. Sarah ————, who was b. in 1741, and d. 1833. He d. in 1808, and had:
                                                              1. Benjamin, b. 1770: d. 1850 and had:
                                                                1. Mary, b. 1812 d. 1876 m. ———— Lobdell, and lived at North Salem, Westchester county, N. Y.
                                                                1. Frank S.

                                                                Reuben and his wife, Elizabeth, had also:

                                                                1. Moses, b. about 1739.
                                                                2. Elizabeth, b. about 1741 m. Chas. Howe.
                                                                3. Joel, b. 1743 removed to Albany county, N. Y.
                                                                4. Bethania, b. about 1745.
                                                                5. Jonah, b. about 1747, and
                                                                6. David, b. June 6, 1753. He lived during the Revolution in Westchester co., and Gen. Washington and Gen. Lafayette stayed in his house several times. His house was fired by the British on three occasions. He d. Aug. 30, 1827, at Scotchtown, Orange county, N. Y. He m. Margaret Crisey, July 12, 1787 she was b. Nov. 7, 1863, in Westchester, and d. Aug. 12, 1858, at Lake Sheldrake, Sullivan co., N. Y., and had:
                                                                  1. Andrew Reynolds, b. May 26, 1792 d. May 11, 1876. He m. Oct. 20, 1813, Katrina Van Bencheton, and had:
                                                                    1. James Van Bencheton, b. Dec. 4, 1816 d. Sept. 13, 1867, at Fallsburg, Sullivan co., N. Y. He m. Hannah Knapp, Oct. 25, 1840, and had:
                                                                      1. Elmer E., who m. Nannie E. Howe, and lives at Oneida, N. Y.

                                                                      Reuben and his wife, Elizabeth Mead, had, in addition to the above:

                                                                      1. Mary, b. about 1752.
                                                                      2. Hannah, b. about 1754, m. in 1786, Israel Wood, of South Salem, N. Y.
                                                                      3. Martha, b. about 1757.

                                                                      9. Elizabeth — Joseph — Jonathan — John.

                                                                      Joseph, sixth child of Jonathan, the second child of the emigrant John, had:

                                                                      1. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 1, 1717 m. Richard Everitt, of Norwalk, Conn. they sold to Joseph Reynolds, her brother, Dec., 1742, their interest in the estate of her father, Mr. Joseph Reynolds, and all claim on the estate of her "Uncle Deacon John Reynolds, late of Greenwich, deceased."

                                                                      7. Ebenezer — Jonathan — John.

                                                                      Besides the above mentioned children, Jonathan, the second child of the emigrant, had a posthumous child, b. 1673-74, who was his seventh child, named Ebenezer. He was provided for by a gift of land from his brother, Jonathan, which is recorded on page 65 of vol. III, of the Greenwich deeds.

                                                                      This Ebenezer, seventh child of Jonathan, the son of the emigrant John, was married to Abigail, dau. of Ebenezer Smith, and d. in 1749. He had the following children:

                                                                      1. Deborah, b. Feb. 3, 1705, who m. Robert Peck.
                                                                      2. Ebenezer, b. Mch. 6, 1707, who had:
                                                                        1. Ebenezer, b. Oct. 23, 1731 d. unm., in 1761.

                                                                        6. Nathaniel — Ebenezer — Jonathan — John.

                                                                        6. Nathaniel, b. Jan. 27, 1715, m. Nov. 8, 1743, Sarah, dau. of Nathan Lockwood, and had:

                                                                        1. Nathaniel, b. Sept. 7, 1745, m. ————, Jan. 23, 1772, and 2. Apr. 2, 1878 [sic], to Deborah, dau. of Benjamin Heusted and Sarah Newman. He died June 6, 1822, and had by his first wife:
                                                                          1. Nathaniel, b. 1773.
                                                                          2. Zadoc, b. 1775.
                                                                          3. Rebecca, b. 1777

                                                                          by his second wife he had:

                                                                          1. Ard, b. Mch. 20, 1781 m. Dec. 13, 1810, Anna Eliza Doell, who d. Feb. 25, 1858 he d. Apr. 26, 1857, and had:
                                                                            1. Elizabeth P.
                                                                            2. Sally D.
                                                                            3. Benjamin H., d. young.
                                                                            4. Ann Eliza, d. unm.
                                                                            5. John G., b. Mch. 25, 1821.
                                                                            6. Harriet E.
                                                                            7. Julia H., m. to Seneca Howland.
                                                                            8. Maria.

                                                                            Nathaniel had also by Deborah Heusted:

                                                                            Nathaniel, who was b. Jan. 27, 1715, had by Sarah Lockwood, his wife:

                                                                            1. Ezekiel, b. Oct. 13, 1747, d. Nov. 24, 1833, m. July 4, 1770, Mary, dau. of Captain Caleb Mead.
                                                                            2. Abigail, b. Dec. 11, 1749, d. May 27, 1839, m. May 21, 1778, Nathaniel Ingersoll.
                                                                            3. Benjamin, who was killed in the Revolution, unm.
                                                                            4. Phebe, b. Apr. 26, 1757 d. unm., June 19, 1829.
                                                                            5. James, b. May 8, 1759 d. Mch. 2, 1833 m. Oct. 18, 1786 Abigail Knapp, who was born Oct. 4, 1755. They lived at South Salem, N. Y. Their children were baptized in the Church of Christ, Salem, Westchester, N. Y. (see N. Y. Gen & Biog. [Reg.] , Vol. xxxiii, p. 38-39).
                                                                              1. Stephen, b. July 29, 1787 d. Nov. 4. 1856.
                                                                              2. Ezekiel, b. Aug. 7, 1788 d. Jan. 24, 1881 m. May 7, 1776 [sic], Phebe, dau. of Ezekiel Reynolds she d. Sept. 21, 1855, and had:
                                                                                1. Adeline, b. Oct. 20, 1810 m. Erastus Rundle.
                                                                                2. James, d. young.
                                                                                3. Wm. T., b. July 18, 1814 d. Jan. 11, 1881 m., Feb. 23, 1836, Mary Ann Halsey.
                                                                                4. Stephen, b. Dec. 22, 1815 d. unm., in 1841.
                                                                                5. Elkanah M., b. Sept. 8, 1817 d. Jan. 16, 1892 m. Jan. 31, 1844, Sarah Sackett Wilson, who d. Aug. 27, 1903.

                                                                                James and his wife, Abigail Knapp, had also:

                                                                                1. James, b. Sept. 27, 1789 lived at Somers, Westchester co. his will was probated at White Plains, May 28, 1855 he d. Apr. 29, 1855 and m., Sept. 17, 1820, Sarah ————, by whom he had:
                                                                                  1. Wm. Edward.
                                                                                  2. Sarah Louisa.
                                                                                  3. James Richard.
                                                                                  4. Jane Matilda m. ———— Randolph.

                                                                                  James and his wife, Abigail Knapp, had also:

                                                                                  1. Josiah, b. Feb. 19, 1791 d. Nov. 24, 1874 m. Dec. 16, 1815.
                                                                                  2. Silas, b. Mch. 12, 1792 d. Mch. 23, 1878 m. Dec. 18, 1824.
                                                                                  3. Ebenezer, b. July 4, 1793 d. July 2nd, 1869 m. Oct. 31, 1815.
                                                                                  4. Enoch, b. Dec. 19, 1794 d. Sept. 9, 1878 m. first, Dec. 15, 1819, Maria Reynolds, dau. of Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel, son of James, son of John, son of John the emigrant m., second, Sept. 11, 1848, Deborah Ann Finch by first wife he had:
                                                                                    1. Ann Amelia, b. Nov. 3, 1821.
                                                                                    2. Nathaniel, b. Nov. 2, 1822.
                                                                                    3. James, b. Nov. 8, 1825 d. July 18, 1891 m. Carrie Cole, Sept. 12, 1849.
                                                                                    4. Josiah, b. Oct. 6, 1827 d. Jan. 17, 1846.
                                                                                    5. Alvah, b. May 22, 1831.
                                                                                    6. Hanford, b. Dec. 27, 1833.
                                                                                    7. Catherine, b. July 7, 1836.

                                                                                    James, b. May 8, 1759, had by his wife, Abigail Knapp, in addition to Stephen:

                                                                                    1. Ezekiel.
                                                                                    2. James.
                                                                                    3. Josiah.
                                                                                    4. Silas.
                                                                                    5. Ebenezer.
                                                                                    6. Enoch, enumerated above.
                                                                                    7. Abigail, b. Mch. 26, 1796 d. Oct. 28, 1858 m. Dec. 16, 1815.
                                                                                    8. Reuben, b. Oct. 10, 1797 d. Feb. 9, 1855 m. Oct. 9, 1823.
                                                                                    9. Rachel, b. Sept. 29, 1800 d. Apr. 1, 1879 m. Aug. 31, 1826.
                                                                                    10. Hanford, b. Jan. 6, 1802 d. June 3, 1858 in. Nov. 12, 1829.
                                                                                    11. Lockwood, b. Oct. 14, 1804 d. Oct. 25, 1881 m. Nov. 25, 1829.
                                                                                    12. Joseph, b. Aug. 26, 1807 d. June 8, 1874 m. Dec. 16, 1835.
                                                                                    13. Sarah, b. Apr. 28, 1809 d. Jan. 15, 1888 m. Nov. 7, 1827.
                                                                                    14. Amanda, b. Feb. 11, 1811 d. Mch. 30, 1861 m. Nov. 11, 1828.

                                                                                    Nathaniel, b. Jan. 27, 1715, had by his wife Sarah Lockwood, in addition to the children enumerated above:

                                                                                    1. Sarah, b. Feb. 8, 1762, d. Aug. 31, 1849, m. Mch. 29, 1784, ———— Smith.
                                                                                    2. Philemon, b. Feb. 21, 1764, d. July 28, 1835, m. first, Oct. 21, 1787, Hannah, dau. of Caleb Mead, who was born Jan. 6, 1756, d. Feb. 24, 1811, and second Sarah Holmes, on Feb. 20, 1814, by whom he had no issue. His will is recorded in White Plains, N. Y. He had by Hannah Mead:
                                                                                      1. Amy, b. Sept. 17, 1788, m. Samuel Buddington.
                                                                                      2. Arney, b. Sept. 22, 1790, m. Henry Close, Sept. 29, 1812, and d. Apr. 9, 1870.
                                                                                      3. Hiram, b. Dec. 14, 1792.
                                                                                      4. Hannah M., b. Feb. 2, 1795, m. Amos Searles.
                                                                                      5. Theresa M., b. Oct. 10, 1797, m. George Miller.
                                                                                      6. Warren, b. Feb. 18, 1800.
                                                                                      7. Rachel, b. June 11, 1802, m. James Scoffield.

                                                                                      Nathaniel, b. Jan. 27, 1715, by his wife Sarah Lockwood, in addition to the above:

                                                                                      1. Ebenezer, d. unm.
                                                                                      2. Deborah, b. May 13, 1766, m. Uriah Lockwood.
                                                                                      3. Lockwood, b. Mch. 20, 1768, d. June 7, 1827.

                                                                                      Ebenezer, seventh child of Jonathan, the second child of John the emigrant, had in addition to the children enumerated above:

                                                                                      1. Enos, b. about 1717.
                                                                                      2. Timothy, b. about 1719, d. 1781, served in the French and Indian war his widow, Anna, survived him and was appointed administratrix of his children, all infants:
                                                                                        1. Jeremiah.
                                                                                        2. George.
                                                                                        3. Asa.
                                                                                        4. Abel.
                                                                                        5. Jared, d. 1822, without issue.
                                                                                        6. Timothy, d. 1816, had:
                                                                                          1. Samuel H.

                                                                                          Ebenezer, the posthumous son of Jonathan the second son of John the emigrant, had also:

                                                                                          1. Rebecca, who m. Samuel Bursham.
                                                                                          2. Eliphalet, b. about 1722, settled at Nine Partners, Dutchess co., N. Y.

                                                                                          The above dates, which have been obtained from the original records, do not agree as far as the day of the month is concerned with the genealogy of the children of Ebenezer, which dates are probably the dates of baptism.

                                                                                          The above completes the descendants of Jonathan, the second child of the emigrant John, as far as they have been ascertained.

                                                                                          Note: Excuse the flowery tone of the following biography, which was derived from the ASU Dept. of Geology Brochure. -- Steve


                                                                                          Dr. Stephen J. Reynolds is a Professor of Geology at Arizona State University. Prior to that, he spent 10 years directing the geologic framework and mapping program at the Arizona Geological Survey. During the past 15 years, he and his colleagues completed geologic maps for more than twenty previously unmapped mountain ranges in Arizona. He has completed more than 100 published geologic maps, articles, and reports, including the most recent Geologic Map of Arizona, and he coedited Geologic Evolution of Arizona, an 866-page treatise on Arizona geology. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Arizona in 1982, and has worked for the U.S. Geological Survey and several mineral, energy, and environmental companies. He coauthored the second edition of the popular structural geology textbook Structural Geology of Rocks and Regions with George Davis.

                                                                                          Research Program

                                                                                          Professor Reynolds has an interdisciplinary, field-oriented research program incorporating geologic mapping, structural geology, regional tectonics, geochemistry, thermochronology, ore deposits, and the role of fluids in tectonic processes. A major goal of this research is to investigate how processes involved in the evolution of continents vary with depth.

                                                                                          The tectonic evolution of southwestern North America is complex and has resulted in the exposure of rocks and structures formed at various crustal levels. This provides an opportunity to examine variations in structural style, deformational mechanism, and fluid processes with depth. Prof. Reynolds was one of the first geologists to do detailed structural and geochronologic studies on detachment faults and metamorphic core complexes, and helped discover nearly 10 core complexes in Arizona and adjacent regions. For example, the South Mountains metamorphic core complex adjacent to the ASU campus contains Tertiary mylonite and fault breccia that record the rapid ascent of the rocks through the brittle-ductile transition during extensional tectonism and detachment faulting. In this one mountain range, deformational processes and fluid regimes below the brittle-ductile transition can be compared with those typical of the upper crust.

                                                                                          Field studies, including geologic mapping and modern techniques of structural analysis, are an integral component of most geologic investigations. Geologic field projects of Professor Reynolds, his colleagues, and students are presently focused on (1) kinematics and evolution of major faults and ductile shear zones, (2) mechanisms of crustal extension, basement-involved thrusting, and severe structural attenuation, (3) the relation between fluids and structures, (4) Cenozoic tectonics of the Colorado Plateau - Basin and Range boundary in central Arizona, and (5) applications of TIMS (thermal infrared mapping spectrometer) to bedrock and surficial geologic mapping. These studies concentrate on, but are not restricted to, western North America.

                                                                                          Interactions between fluids and rocks play a major role in the evolution of continental crust, as expressed by metasomatism, hydrothermal mineralization and alteration, and the formation of many fluid-controlled structures. The nature of fluid-rock interactions are being investigated by integrated structural, geochemical, metamorphic, fluid-inclusion, and thermochronologic studies.

                                                                                          In recognition of his expertise in geologic mapping, Prof. Reynolds was appointed by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior to the National Geologic Mapping Advisory Committee. He has also been President of the Arizona Geological Society and has served on various other National and local committees.

                                                                                          Teaching and Science-Education Research

                                                                                          At Arizona State University, Professor Reynolds teaches various courses, including Advanced Field Geology, Advanced Structural Geology, Geotectonics, Orogenic Systems, Cordilleran Regional Geology, Introductory Geology, Introduction to Geology in the Field, and Summer Field Geology. He is widely regarded as one of the best, most energetic and fun, teachers in the geology department. He known for his innovative teaching methods, has received the departmental "best teacher" award three times, and has been nominated for other university teaching awards.

                                                                                          He is a co-Principal Investigator of ACEPT (Arizona Collaboration for Excellence in the Preparation of Teachers), a major NSF-funded science education reform movement being coordinated at ASU. As part of this program, Steve and his colleages are reforming the introductory geology classes at ASU and other ACEPT-participating schools, with the goal of incorporating more hands-on, active learning, critical inquiry, scientific reasoning, and multimedia. Steve also has an active science-outreach program, including giving talks at teacher workshops, appearing on PBS specials, and narrating geologic videos for the new Arizona Science Center. Typical Student-Evaluation Comments: "Cool dude" / "My favorite class at Arizona State University I never thought in my wildest dreams that I would enjoy a science class" / "Fantastic instructor"/ "He made the class fun and you can tell he loves geology" / "Instructor is great -- his joy of geology is spreading to the class" / "Best instructor I’ve had in college" / "I love this guy -- I hate science but Dr. Reynolds made this my favorite class" / "I’ve never had a teacher who loved his job as much and took time to meet his students" / "Best class I have ever taken"

                                                                                          • Source: S1163 Type: Cemetery Marker (Publ.) Title: Griffith Cemetery, Springport, Jackson County, Michigan Publication: index available at Abbreviation: Griffith Cemetery, Springport, Jackson County, Michigan Quality or Certainty of Data: 3
                                                                                          • Source: S2216 Type: Book Title: Genealogy of the Loveland family in the United States of America, Volume 3 Author: John Bigelow Loveland, George Loveland Abbreviation: John Bigelow Loveland, George Loveland Publication: 1895 Abbreviation: Genealogy of the Loveland family in the United States of America, Volume 3 Record ID Number: 2866 Page: 258
                                                                                          • Source: S312 Type: Book Title: History and Descendants of John and Sarah Reynolds Author: Marion H, Reynolds Abbreviation: Marion H, Reynolds Publication: The Reynolds Family Association, Brooklyn, NY 1924 Abbreviation: History and Descendants of John and Sarah Reynolds Quality or Certainty of Data: 2
                                                                                          • Source: S383 Type: Book Title: Palmer Families in America, Volume 1 Author: Horace Wilbur Palmer Abbreviation: Horace Wilbur Palmer Publication: Neshanic Printing Company, Neshanic, NJ 1966 Abbreviation: Palmer Families in America, Volume 1 Quality or Certainty of Data: 2 Master Listing Source: Y Record ID Number: 1444 Page: 424 Quality or Certainty of Data: 2
                                                                                            Source: #S312 Record ID Number: 1496 Page: 161 Quality or Certainty of Data: 2 Source: #S1163 Record ID Number: 3400 Quality or Certainty of Data: 3 Source: #S2216 Record ID Number: 2866 Page: 258 Source: #S1163 Record ID Number: 3400 Quality or Certainty of Data: 3
                                                                                        7. Acknowledgments

                                                                                          Thank you to Michael Palmer for creating WikiTree profile Reynolds-4355 through the import of Palmer, Ruth 1767.ged on Aug 31, 2013. Click to the Changes page for the details of edits by Michael and others.

                                                                                          Begin Here

                                                                                          Virtual worlds, field trips, and other virtual reality files -- This link is the best place to begin to prowl my site it will lead to links to some of my coolest stuff. If you have participated in one of my NAGT Distinguished Speaker sessions or want to see the materials developed as part of the NSF-funded Hidden Earth and Hidden Earth Curriculum Projects, this is the place!

                                                                                          Featured link -- Strike and Dip QuickTime VR Movie. Tilt and spin a wooden plank, with a strike and dip symbol, in a barrel of water, created by Julia Johnson and me. Warning -- File is 2 Mb and takes time to download.

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                                                                                          Program Details

                                                                                          1 The Nature of Geology

                                                                                          2 Investigating Geologic Questions

                                                                                          3 Plate Tectonics

                                                                                          4 Earth Materials

                                                                                          5 Igneous Environments

                                                                                          6 Volcanoes and Volcanic Hazards

                                                                                          7 Sedimentary Environments and Rocks

                                                                                          8 Deformation and Metamorphism

                                                                                          9 Geologic Time

                                                                                          10 The Seafloor and Continental Margins

                                                                                          11 Mountains, Basins, and Continents

                                                                                          12 Earthquakes and Earth's Interior

                                                                                          13 Climate, Weather, and Their Influences on Geology

                                                                                          14 Glaciers, Shorelines, and Changing Sea Levels

                                                                                          15 Weathering, Soil, and Unstable Slopes

                                                                                          16 Streams and Flooding

                                                                                          17 Water Resources

                                                                                          18 Energy and Mineral Resources

                                                                                          19 Geology of the Solar System

                                                                                          Stephen Reynolds

                                                                                          Professor Reynolds received his AB degree magna cum laude from Harvard in 1971, and MA and PhD degrees from the University of California, Berkeley in 1973 and 1980, all in physics. At Harvard, he served as concertmaster and assistant conductor of the Harvard-Radcliffe Orchestra. During his time in graduate school, he worked also as a professional violinist, performing regularly with the Oakland Symphony, San Francisco Ballet Orchestra, and new-music ensembles. He was a Visiting Assistant Professor in the Department of Astronomy at the University of Virginia until 1982, and a post-doctoral associate at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (Charlottesville, VA) from 1982 to 1985. In 1985 he joined the faculty of North Carolina State University, charged with founding a research group in astrophysics. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1990 and Full Professor in 1995.

                                                                                          Research Description

                                                                                          Professor Reynolds specializes in high-energy astrophysics, with primary applications to supernova remnants with and without pulsars, and the processes by which particles are accelerated to very high energies in these objects. He has also applied these ideas to active galactic nuclei and to outflows in star-forming regions. His identification and modeling of synchrotron emission from ultrarelativistic electrons in supernovaremnant shock waves has produced the most direct evidence for the sites of cosmic-ray acceleration, and is now widely used in the astrophysical community. He has supported his theoretical work with observations with radio telescopes and orbiting X-ray and infrared observatories. This research has been supported by NSF and NASA continuously since 1987. He has held appointments as a Visiting Scientist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and the Arcetri Observatory of the University of Florence. At NC State, Professor Reynolds has taught 18 different courses at all levels, from qualitative courses for non-scientists, through core undergraduate and graduate courses, to courses for advanced graduate students.


                                                                                          Honors and Awards

                                                                                          • Professor Reynolds is an Alumni Distinguished Undergraduate Professor, and was the winner of the University-wide Board of Governors Award for Excellence in Teaching in 2012. He is a third-generation member of Phi Beta Kappa, and served as President of NC State's Zeta Chapter in 1997-98 and 2010-11. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society.

                                                                                          Selected Publications

                                                                                          On the Expansion, Age, and Origin of the Puzzling Shell/Pulsar-wind Nebula G310.6–1.6
                                                                                          S. Reynolds, K. Borkowski
                                                                                          The Astrophysical Journal, 887, (2019), 233, doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab5804

                                                                                          Expansion and Brightness Changes in the Pulsar-wind Nebula in the Composite Supernova Remnant Kes 75
                                                                                          Stephen P. Reynolds, Kazimierz J. Borkowski, and Peter H. Gwynne
                                                                                          The Astrophysical Journal, 856, (2018), 133, doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aab3d3

                                                                                          Asymmetric Expansion of the Youngest Galactic Supernova Remnant G1.9+0.3
                                                                                          Borkowski, Kazimierz J., Gwynne, Peter, Reynolds, Stephen P., Green, David A., Hwang, Una, Petre, Robert, Willett, Rebecca
                                                                                          ApJ, 837, (2017), L7, doi:10.3847/2041-8213/11618c

                                                                                          Pulsar-Wind Nebulae and Magnetar Outflows: Observations at Radio, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Wavelengths
                                                                                          Stephen P. Reynolds, George G. Pavlov, Oleg Kargaltsev, Noel Klingler, Matthieu Renaud, Sandro Mereghetti
                                                                                          Sp.Sci.Rev., 207, (2017), 175, doi:10.1007/s11214-017-0356-6

                                                                                          A massive shell of supernova-formed dust in SNR G54.1+0.3
                                                                                          Temim, T., Dwek, E., Arendt, R. G., Borkowski, K. J., Reynolds, S. P., Slane, P., Gelfand, J. D., & Raymond, J. C.
                                                                                          ApJ, 836, (2017), 129, doi:10.3847/1538-4357/836/1/129

                                                                                          G11.2-0.3: The Young Remnant of a stripped-envelope supernova
                                                                                          Borkowski, K. J., Reynolds, S. P., & Roberts, M. S. E.
                                                                                          ApJ, 819, (2016), 160, doi:10.3847/0004-637X/819/2/160

                                                                                          Broadband X-ray imaging and spectroscopy of the crab nebula and pulsar with nustar
                                                                                          Madsen, K. K., Reynolds, S., Harrison, F., An, H. J., Boggs, S., Christensen, F. E., Craig, W. W., Fryer, C. L., Grefenstette, B. W., Hailey, C. J., Markwardt, C., Nynka, M., Stern, D., Zoglauer, A., & Zhang, W.
                                                                                          ApJ, 801, (2015), 66, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/801/1/66

                                                                                          Asymmetries in core-collapse supernovae from maps of radioactive Ti-44 in Cassiopeia A
                                                                                          Grefenstette, B. W., Harrison, F. A., Boggs, S. E., Reynolds, S. P., Fryer, C. L., Madsen, K. K., Wik, D. R., Zoglauer, A., Ellinger, C. I., Alexander, D. M., An, H., Barret, D., Christensen, F. E., Craig, W. W., Forster, K., Giommi, P., & Hailey, C. J.,Hornstrup, A., Kaspi, V. M., Kitaguchi, T., Koglin, J. E., Mao, P. H., Miyasaka, H., Mori, K., Perri, M. et al.
                                                                                          Nature, 506, (2014), 339–342, doi:10.1038/nature12997

                                                                                          X-ray emission from strongly asymmetric circumstellar material in the remnant of Kepler's Supernova
                                                                                          Burkey, M. T., Reynolds, S. P., Borkowski, K. J., & Blondin, J. M.
                                                                                          ApJ, 764, (2013), 63, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/764/1/63

                                                                                          Dust in a type ia supernova progenitor: Spitzer spectroscopy of Kepler's supernova remnant
                                                                                          Williams, B. J., Borkowski, K. J., Reynolds, S. P., Ghavamian, P., Blair, W. P., Long, K. S., & Sankrit, R.
                                                                                          ApJ, 755, (2012), 3, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/755/1/3

                                                                                          Steady X-ray Synchrotron Emission in the Northeastern Limb of SN 1006
                                                                                          Katsuda, Satoru Petre, Robert Mori, Koji Reynolds, Stephen P. Long, Knox S. Winkler, P. Frank Tsunemi, Hiroshi
                                                                                          ApJ, 723, (2011), 383, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/723/1/383

                                                                                          Particle acceleration in supernova-remnant shocks
                                                                                          Reynolds, S.P.
                                                                                          Ap&SpSci, 336, (2010), 257, doi:10.1007/s13538-014-0219-5

                                                                                          Radioactive Scandium in the Youngest Galactic Supernova Remnant G1.9+.3
                                                                                          Borkowski, Kazimierz J. Reynolds, Stephen P. Green, David A. Hwang, Una Petre, Robert Krishnamurthy, Kalyani Willett, Rebecca.
                                                                                          ApJ, 724, (2010), L161, doi:10.1088/2041-8205/724/2/L161

                                                                                          Dusty Blast Waves of Two Young Large Magellanic Cloud Supernova Remnants: Constraints on Post-shock Compression
                                                                                          Williams, Brian J. Borkowski, Kazimierz J. Reynolds, Stephen P. Ghavamian, Parviz Raymond, John C. Long, Knox S. Blair, William P. Sankrit, Ravi Smith, R. Chris Points, Sean Winkler, P. Frank Hendrick, Sean P.
                                                                                          ApJ, 729, (2011), 65, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/729/1/65

                                                                                          Magnetic Fields in Supernova Remnants and Pulsar-Wind Nebulae
                                                                                          Reynolds, Stephen P. Gaensler, B. M. Bocchino, Fabrizio
                                                                                          SpSciRev, in press, (2011), Letter, doi:10.1007/s11214-011-9775-y

                                                                                          Expansion of the Youngest Galactic Supernova Remnant G1.9+.3
                                                                                          Carlton, Ashley K. Borkowski, Kazimierz J. Reynolds, Stephen P. Hwang, Una Petre, Robert Green, David A. Krishnamurthy, Kalyani Willett, Rebecca
                                                                                          ApJ, 737, (2011), L22, doi:10.1088/2041-8205/737/1/L22

                                                                                          Pulsar Wind Nebulae with Thick Toroidal Structure
                                                                                          Chevalier, Roger A. Reynolds, Stephen P.
                                                                                          ApJ, 740, (2011), L26, doi:10.1088/2041-8205/740/1/L26

                                                                                          RCW 86: A Type Ia Supernova in a Wind-blown Bubble
                                                                                          Williams, Brian J. Blair, William P. Blondin, John M. Borkowski, Kazimierz J. Ghavamian, Parviz Long, Knox S. Raymond, John C. Reynolds, Stephen P. Rho, Jeonghee Winkler, P. Frank
                                                                                          ApJ, 741, (2011), 96W, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/96

                                                                                          The principle at the heart of the ballpoint pen mimics the action of a roll-on deodorant

                                                                                          Simply adding fountain pen ink to a ballpoint pen was not the solution, however. The ink itself needed to be rethought.

                                                                                          László turned to his brother, Győrgy, a dentist who was also a talented chemist. László had realised the ink used in fountain pains was too slow to dry and needed something more like the ink used on newspapers. Győrgy came up with a viscous ink which spread easily but dried quickly. What’s more, the pen used far less ink than the spotting, dripping fountain pens.

                                                                                          “Other people had thought of it before, but it was down to him, working with his brother – who was a good chemist – and getting the texture of the ink right,” says Curtin. “It is very like printer’s ink, and it doesn’t smudge.”

                                                                                          The principle at the heart of the ballpoint pen mimics the action of a roll-on deodorant – gravity and the force applied smear the rolling ball with a continuous stream of ink as the ball rolls along the writing surface When the pen isn’t used, the ball sits tight against the end of the ink reservoir, preventing air entering and drying out the ink. Most often, ballpoint pens run out of ink long before they dry out.

                                                                                          László Bíró was the first to come up with a practical ballpoint, which was easier to use than a fountain pen (Credit: Borja Buenafente/BBC)

                                                                                          László received a patent for his new pen in Britain in 1938, but World War Two put paid to plans to market his new invention. As László and his brother were Jews, they decided to flee Europe in 1941, and emigrated to Argentina. There, László returned to his new invention, helped by a fellow escapee, Juan Jorge Meyne.

                                                                                          The first “birome”, as it became known in Argentina, was released in 1943, while war was still raging in Europe and the Pacific. The design piqued the interest of the Royal Air Force (RAF), who put in an order for 30,000: the pens were able to be used by aircrew at high altitude unlike fountain pens, which tended to leak because of the pressure changes. Otherwise, the original pen was little-known outside its South American home – the few original models current all for sale on online auctions all hail from Argentina.


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