Brontes AGP-17 - History


Brontes was one of the Cyclopes.

(AGP-17: dp. 2179; 1. 328'; b. 50'; dr. 11'2"; s. 11.6 k.;
cpl. 119; a. 8 40mm.; cl. Alecto)

Brontes, although reclassified AGP-17, 14 August 1944, was launched 6 February 1945 as LST-1125 by Chicago Bridge and Iron Co., Seneca, Ill.; sponsored by Mrs. June Elizabeth Reimer; and placed in reduced commission 17 February 1945; placed out of commission 10 March 1945; underwent conversion to a motor torpedo boat tepder; and recommissioned as Bronte8 (AGP-17) 14 August 1945, Lieutenant W. B. Reanden, Jr., In command.

On 26 September 1945 Brontes got underway for New Orleans, where she arrived 3 October. At New Orleans she participated in the Navy Day activities and then remained to service torpedo boats. In December 1945 she sailed to Washington, D. C., to participate in the "parade of torpedo boats" held in conjunction with a Victory Bond drive.

On 20 December 1945, she departed Washington for New York and pre inactivation overhaul. Bronte8 was decommissioned 14 March 1946 and sold 1 April 1946.

Emily Brontë

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Emily Brontë, in full Emily Jane Brontë, pseudonym Ellis Bell, (born July 30, 1818, Thornton, Yorkshire, England—died December 19, 1848, Haworth, Yorkshire), English novelist and poet who produced but one novel, Wuthering Heights (1847), a highly imaginative work of passion and hate set on the Yorkshire moors. Emily was perhaps the greatest of the three Brontë sisters, but the record of her life is extremely meagre, for she was silent and reserved and left no correspondence of interest, and her single novel darkens rather than solves the mystery of her spiritual existence.

What was Emily Brontë famous for?

Emily Brontë was an English novelist and poet who wrote a single novel, Wuthering Heights (1847), a highly imaginative work of passion and hate set on the Yorkshire moors. It received terrible reviews when first published but came to be considered one of the finest novels in the English language.

What were Emily Brontë’s siblings’ names?

Emily Brontë was one of six children. Her two eldest sisters (Maria and Elizabeth) died when she was young. She had a brother named Patrick Branwell and two sisters, Charlotte and Anne, who were also novelists. The three sisters published together under the names Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell.

What was Emily Brontë’s childhood like?

Her father, Patrick Brontë, was an Anglican clergyman. He moved his family to Haworth amid the Yorkshire moors in 1820. Emily was educated mostly at home, where she and her siblings spent time writing and telling romantic tales for one another and inventing imaginative games played out at home or on the desolate moors.

What did Emily Brontë write?

Before the publication of her novel, Wuthering Heights, Emily Brontë published a volume of verse with her sisters, Poems by Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell. The venture cost the sisters about £50 and only two copies were sold, but critics later praised Emily’s poetic genius.

Her father, Patrick Brontë (1777–1861), an Irishman, held a number of curacies: Hartshead-cum-Clifton, Yorkshire, was the birthplace of his elder daughters, Maria and Elizabeth (who died young), and nearby Thornton that of Emily and her siblings Charlotte, Patrick Branwell, and Anne. In 1820 their father became rector of Haworth, remaining there for the rest of his life.

After the death of their mother in 1821, the children were left very much to themselves in the bleak moorland rectory. The children were educated, during their early life, at home, except for a single year that Charlotte and Emily spent at the Clergy Daughters’ School at Cowan Bridge in Lancashire. In 1835, when Charlotte secured a teaching position at Miss Wooler’s school at Roe Head, Emily accompanied her as a pupil but suffered from homesickness and remained only three months. In 1838 Emily spent six exhausting months as a teacher in Miss Patchett’s school at Law Hill, near Halifax, and then resigned.

To keep the family together at home, Charlotte planned to keep a school for girls at Haworth. In February 1842 she and Emily went to Brussels to learn foreign languages and school management at the Pension Héger. Although Emily pined for home and for the wild moorlands, it seems that in Brussels she was better appreciated than Charlotte. Her passionate nature was more easily understood than Charlotte’s decorous temperament. In October, however, when her aunt died, Emily returned permanently to Haworth.

In 1845 Charlotte came across some poems by Emily, and this led to the discovery that all three sisters—Charlotte, Emily, and Anne—had written verse. A year later they published jointly a volume of verse, Poems by Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell, the initials of these pseudonyms being those of the sisters it contained 21 of Emily’s poems, and a consensus of later criticism has accepted the fact that Emily’s verse alone reveals true poetic genius. The venture cost the sisters about £50 in all, and only two copies were sold.

By midsummer of 1847 Emily’s Wuthering Heights and Anne’s Agnes Grey had been accepted for joint publication by J. Cautley Newby of London, but publication of the three volumes was delayed until the appearance of their sister Charlotte’s Jane Eyre, which was immediately and hugely successful. Wuthering Heights, when published in December 1847, did not fare well critics were hostile, calling it too savage, too animal-like, and clumsy in construction. Only later did it come to be considered one of the finest novels in the English language.

Soon after the publication of her novel, Emily’s health began to fail rapidly. She had been ill for some time, but now her breathing became difficult, and she suffered great pain. She died of tuberculosis in December 1848.

What Bronte family records will you find?

There are 1,000 census records available for the last name Bronte. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Bronte census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 303 immigration records available for the last name Bronte. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 176 military records available for the last name Bronte. For the veterans among your Bronte ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

There are 1,000 census records available for the last name Bronte. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Bronte census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 303 immigration records available for the last name Bronte. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 176 military records available for the last name Bronte. For the veterans among your Bronte ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

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New page added to the website

The problem of identification is not restricted to portraits of Emily. This page looks at Charlotte Bronte's 'Portrait of a Young Woman' and two other portraits occasionally used as an illustration of Anne Bronte.

Also, photographs of the Bronte's servant, Martha Brown

I like what you are saying, thanks for the info! I would also like to share this article

"The hat seen in the photo first appeared in the UK in 1847 and was known as a 'Jenny Lind' after the then Swedish singer who became famous in Britain just before the Bronte sisters' novels were published."

"Jenny Lind was in Yorkshire in 1847-48 and Charlotte Bronte was one of her many admirers."

Fascinating link of association Nicolas.. but implies either George Smith had the same pic- or another exposure was taken while the light was good- and so may survive and be found.. I think the one discussed found S,France was never seen because, much to Chrltt's horror and surprise, the heartless, probing lens betrayed her growing dependancy on laudanum,

This is a forwarded message:

"A connection to Charlotte Bronte's publisher George Smith may be made through Frederick Walker's watercolour 'Rochester & Jane Eyre', the earliest surviving artwork for the novel Jane Eyre.

Just a few years separate the photo c1857 and his watercolour of 1863. It is no coincidence that the setting is so similar, three figures in a garden with a brick wall in the background, or that the two masculine figures have a shadow over the eyes from a hat, even though Rochester is hatless.

Many of Frederick Walker's preliminary sketches survive so if his inspiration did come from the photograph these examples may exist as well."

Winter capes and summer hats- the girls corresponding with Emily & Chrltt. wear plush Brussels chenille, Anne's a locally available fabric- the hats are contemporary in cosmopolitan continental cities 1830's-'40's. Brought together out of season they are sentimentally related, and seem to come from the same place. The cloaks, and or hats may have been gifts from the Taylor sisters affluent in Brussels, and pure conjecture- if not intended for them, the image may have been gifted to them. It seems the cruel, probing, heartless lens of the first pic- that must have horrified Chrltt.- has been tamed in the second. The girls had opportunity visiting York after aunt 'Liz funeral Nov 1842 (each inherit £300 [£350] ), Chrltt returned to Brussels in Jan '43.

The website has been updated with new information.

The York Daguerreotype Studio is the possible location and there are photos of the building.

The Brontës: the unfortunate and unlikely tale of the world’s “greatest literary sisters”

Against a backdrop of incredible personal tragedy, three modest, Victorian women from Yorkshire would forever change the face of English literature. Mel Sherwood reveals the unfortunate and unlikely tale of the world’s greatest literary sisters: Anne, Charlotte and Emily Brontë

This competition is now closed

Published: July 28, 2020 at 4:08 pm

Charlotte Brontë steps into her father’s study. In her hand, she holds a book – a hardback volume bound in cloth, with the words ‘Jane Eyre’ stamped on the cover. “Papa, I’ve been writing a book,” she announces, rather understating the true matter of her achievement. In fact, her novel is completed, published, and is selling at almost record speed. “Have you my dear?” the unsuspecting Reverend Patrick Brontë replies, without looking up. As Charlotte continues, the clergyman slowly realises that his daughter has become a literary sensation, in secret, right under his nose. After some time, Patrick calls in Charlotte’s younger sisters, Emily and Anne: “Charlotte has been writing a book – and I think it is better than I expected.” It is good that he approves of Charlotte’s tale, because he’s about to learn that his other daughters have similar stories to tell…

This conversation, recounted by Patrick years later to Charlotte’s first biographer, occurred at the beginning of 1848. It was a tumultuous year for the Brontës, with glorious highs and tragic lows. But at this point, the Brontë women were happy, little knowing that they were on the brink of legendary – if short-lived – careers. They have since become famed the world over for their intense, dramatic and tragic novels, for which they had plenty of inspiration in their own lives…

Family misfortunes

The tragedies started early for the Brontës. In 1821, when Charlotte was five, Emily was three and Anne was not yet two, they lost their mother to illness. Four years after that, their two eldest sisters both died of tuberculosis in as many months. Five Brontës remained: their father Patrick, an Irish-born, Cambridge-educated vicar, the girls, and their brother Branwell, who was a year younger than Charlotte. Their mother’s sister, Aunt Branwell, also lived with them in the parsonage of the industrial town of Haworth, Yorkshire. The unassuming grey-stone building, in its bleak setting between a graveyard and the vast expanse of the moors, became a much-loved home, to which the sisters always felt a painful pull.

The grieving children developed a close bond. “The sisters were all very close indeed, because their interests were so similar and they were all so pathologically shy. Emily and Anne were almost like twins,” says Juliet Barker, author of The Brontës. “Charlotte, the eldest, tended to try to organise them”. Their daily routine involved prayer, lessons, walks and imaginative play, in which they would escape into fantastical lands. When, in 1828, Branwell began to record their adventures – filling miniature books with barely legible handwriting – the others followed suit. Soon, this phase of play documentation evolved, and they began to write stories solely for the page. Charlotte and Branwell created a land called Angria together, while Emily and Anne built Gondal. These paracosms were incredibly sophisticated, and exceptionally important to the Brontës – not only as subjects to hone their writing skills with, but also as places to escape to, which they did well into their adulthoods.

In 1831, a 15-year-old Charlotte went to Roe Head school, where she would ultimately become a teacher. Her sisters both became her pupils – Emily only managed three months before homesickness (and Gondal-sickness) pulled her home, but Anne completed two years at the school. After Anne left, Charlotte struggled with loneliness, and she left her job in the winter of 1838-39.

International students

Over the next few years, the sisters took up various, generally short-lived, teaching positions. “All three girls hated being teachers and governesses,” says Barker, largely as “they couldn’t spare the time to write about their imaginary worlds, and Charlotte in particular resented the servility of the position.” Anne was the only one to maintain a long-term post, as governess to the Robinson family from 1840-45. Shortly after Anne joined the Robinsons, Charlotte spearheaded a scheme to open their own school. For this they needed a more sophisticated education so, in February 1842, Charlotte (aged 25) and Emily (23), went to a school in Brussels.

They pushed through their homesickness to make the most of the opportunity, only returning at the end of 1842 after Aunt Branwell died. Afterwards, Charlotte returned to Brussels alone. She became forlorn and depressed, and also fell in love with her tutor. The painfully one-sided attachment would continue long after she left Brussels at the end of 1843. Back in Haworth, lovelorn Charlotte set about sourcing pupils for the school, but none were found and the entire dream was dropped, with surprisingly little regret.

Meanwhile, Branwell’s adult years had got off to an inauspicious start. After short stints as a portrait painter (the career for which he had received much training), a private tutor, and a career in the railways, he took up a position as a tutor alongside Anne with the Robinson family in 1843. This was, arguably, the true start of Branwell’s demise.

Mrs Robinson

Anne returned to Haworth in the summer of 1845, having resigned her position. Mere weeks later, Branwell returned too – in disgrace. He and Mrs Robinson had been having an affair. The young Mr Brontë was, it seems, seduced by the older woman, with whom he was deeply in love. Denied his heart’s desire and with ever-more dwindling hope of a reunion with her, Branwell sank into heavy depression and dependency on alcohol and opiates. One can only imagine how much his downfall influenced his sisters’ next, unlikely, steps.

In autumn 1845, Charlotte found some of Emily’s poems and read them, uninvited. Emily was enraged by the intrusion, but the incident gave head-strong Charlotte an idea – if the sisters could gather a collection of poems, they might be able to publish in secret and, if successful, they could become professional writers. They would never have to teach again, nor would they have to worry so much about Branwell’s ability to provide. After calming Emily, Charlotte, who as Barker explains “was the only one ambitious for fame,” convinced her sisters of the plan.

Where did the Brontë sisters live?

At home in Haworth

“Haworth was a busy industrial West Riding township, not the remote and backward village of Brontë legend,” Juliet Barker, author of The Brontës, reveals. “The family had access to music, art, libraries and lectures.” And then there were the Moors. From the parsonage, standing at the high point of the village, the Brontës could look out over vast swathes of dramatic moorland. On a clear day they could have seen as far as the Yorkshire Dales.

But the town had its dark side. Health and sanitary conditions were spectacularly poor. There were no sewers, only open drains, and the water supply was insufficient. Some days, the main well’s water would run green and fetid. This had a dramatic effect on mortality rates. Two in five children died before the age of six, and the average age of death among adults was 25.

The parsonage itself was also flawed. Exposed to the elements on its hilltop setting, bitter wind would howl and whistle through its grey-stone walls. Despite its bleak nature, the Brontës adored their home. They would even become physically unwell with homesickness when they went away. But of course, the chances of them becoming sick at home were also relatively high.

Emily and Anne insisted on privacy, so they chose androgynous pseudonyms – only their initials would give a clue to their identities – and prepared a collection. Charlotte found a publisher quickly, but that isn’t as remarkable as it might appear: “They had to pay for their first book of poems to be published,” Barker reveals. Indeed, it cost them around £3,000 in today’s money. Regardless, in May 1846, the first copies of Poems by Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell arrived at the parsonage.

Ignoring mixed reviews and poor sales figures, all three sisters continued with phase two: novels. Charlotte had been writing The Professor, Emily, Wuthering Heights and Anne, Agnes Grey. But finding a publisher to take on all three books proved impossible. Finally, an offer was received for Wuthering Heights and Agnes Grey in the midsummer of 1847. However, Emily and Anne had to contribute to the cost of printing again, and no one wanted The Professor.

Charlotte was down, but not out in July, she received a promising letter. A publisher had recognised Currer’s talents and, though they did not wish to print The Professor, they encouraged ‘him’ to submit any further works for consideration. Charlotte did have something up her sleeve – Jane Eyre. She hurriedly finished the manuscript and sent it off. Within a fortnight, she had received the Brontës’ best offer yet: £100, and the first refusal on ‘his’ next two novels.

The first copy of Jane Eyre arrived at the parsonage in October 1847. Wuthering Heights and Agnes Grey followed in December, though they had clearly been published by a less-professional outfit – the volumes were full of errors that the authors had corrected many months earlier.

Sell-out success

Jane Eyre was a hit. The first print run sold out in under three months. The reviews were mixed, and many focused more on the question of the author’s identity and sex than the writing, but none denied that it was a powerful book. Emily and Anne’s novels were far less well-received. The reviewers found Wuthering Heights baffling and Agnes Grey was more or less overlooked. Not easily put off, Anne made headway on novel number two, and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall was published in June 1848. There is much speculation as to whether or not Emily also began a second novel but, if she did, it did not survive. In July, Charlotte and Anne were compelled to travel to London to visit their respective publishers for the first time. Though they took care to conceal their identities as much as possible, Charlotte got a taste of the life of a literary darling. She was elated, but events back home would soon change that.

The Brontes literary legacy: which books did they write?

Three novels that changed the world

How did the novels of three shy, middle-class sisters change the face of literature? One key part of the answer is that they imbued their writings with a powerful element that would stop all contemporary readers in their tracks: the truth. Their harsh, satirical retellings of provincial life had little in common with the sentimentality of Romantic literature that was then popular, and their tales shocked Victorian audiences, who found some of the lesser-known facts of their society too much to bear. It was only Charlotte who discovered a way to package the realism of their life up in a way that her immediate audience found palatable. Another crucial change that their works wrought was to help quash the prevalent belief that women were inferior writers to men. Charlotte herself was told that “Literature cannot be the business of a woman’s life and it ought not to be,” by the then-Poet Laureate, Robert Southey. Yet what poured out of their imaginations remains among the most powerful prose in English. They were not alone – they were among a number of pivotal female writers, including Jane Austen before them and George Eliot after, whose persistence in the face of prejudice contributed to what the 19th-century writer Margaret Oliphant considered “the age of female novelists”. The Brontës’ writings can be seen as early feminist works, with heroines struggling for independence in a patriarchal society.

The most successful of the sisters’ books, Jane Eyre is a perennially popular piece of English fiction. The novel purports to be the autobiography of ‘plain Jane’. While following the realistic narrator’s trials as an orphan and a governess, Charlotte explores moralistic themes of love, independence and forgiveness, against the backdrop of the Moors.

Heavily inspired by Charlotte’s own experiences, Jane Eyre is so true-to-life in places that readers were able to identify real schools, people and even the author herself from the text. Charlotte penned another three novels in total, but Jane Eyre was her magnum opus.

It is only since Emily’s death that this tale of love and revenge has been recognised as a masterpiece. Like her sisters’ works, the novel contains wit and dramatic intensity but, unlike them, Wuthering Heights is pure fiction, with minimal autobiographical content.

The novel’s unusual structure confused contemporary readers, while its characters’ primitive motivations and brutal behaviour shocked its reserved Victorian audience – Charlotte included. In the past it was incorrectly posed that Branwell must have been Wuthering Heights‘ author, as they believed such brutality could only have been written by a man.

This tale of a virtuous governess is thought to be highly autobiographical of Anne’s life. Though her sisters’ novels have always received more attention, Agnes Grey has plenty of groundbreaking credentials. For instance, it was the first novel to star a plain, ordinary woman as its heroine (Jane Eyre is often credited with this, but Agnes Grey was written first). And its portrayal of life as a governess also paints both a more ruthless and humorous picture than Jane Eyre. Anne’s second novel, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, is a more exciting story, and sold better among the Victorian audience than her debut.

Branwell’s addictions and temperament had been putting intense pressure on the household, not to mention his health, for some time. This may be the reason his sisters decided to reveal their secret to Patrick earlier in the year – the news offered their father, who was growing ever more concerned about the fate of his family, a ray of hope. Sadly, that ray soon flickered out. That summer, Branwell became ill – probably with tuberculosis. By September, he was bed-bound, and he died on the 24th of the month. He was 31.

Another two tragedies were to befall the parsonage in brutal succession. As the family grieved for Branwell, Emily became sick. Despite suffering with symptoms of tuberculosis, she refused medical attention. On 19 December, she rose at seven, though she barely had the energy to descend the stairs. By midday, she could hardly breathe. She was taken to her bed, where her loyal dog lay beside her as she passed away. She was 30.

Before Christmas that year, Anne fell ill. The diagnosis was gravely familiar: tuberculosis. Somehow, the Brontës remained hopeful for a recovery. In May, Charlotte took Anne to Scarborough for the sea air – but it was too late. She died, quietly and calmly, in the seaside town on 28 May 1849. She was 29.

Invisible no more

Mourning in the sister-less parsonage, Charlotte distracted herself by writing. Her second novel, Shirley, was finished in August. Its publication brought further distraction – fresh speculation about who the ‘Bell’ authors were was making it very hard “to walk invisible”, as she phrased it. As she no longer had to maintain her sisters’ privacy, she lowered the veil of secrecy. She embraced the life of a respected author – fostering relationships with key writers, allowing her publisher to take her to public events and travelling the country. Charlotte struggled through her third novel, but Villette was completed in November 1852. The following month, the author received a marriage proposal from her father’s curate, Arthur Bell Nicholls. Though she initially refused, the pair were married in June 1854. They settled into a happy life at home at the parsonage, with Patrick. Charlotte was so content she was barely writing at all – she was just beginning to show an interest again when she fell pregnant. But carrying a child was too much for Charlotte’s 38-year-old body. Debilitating sickness consumed her rapidly and, around three months into her pregnancy, Charlotte passed away, on 31 March 1855. She was 39.

Having outlived all of his children, Patrick Brontë did everything he could to secure his girls’ place in history. “Patrick was immensely proud of his daughters’ achievements, particularly Charlotte,” Barker explains. “He preserved many mementos of his children, from locks of their hair to their drawings, carefully writing on each one so that it should not be lost or forgotten.” He also asked Elizabeth Gaskell, a writer friend of Charlotte’s, to pen her biography. When he died in 1861, Charlotte had been firmly accepted into the English literary canon, a class which certainly Emily and arguably Anne joined in the years to come.

Juliet Barker’s The Brontës (Abacus, 2010) tells the story of the entire Brontë family, including Patrick and Branwell.

The Brontë Parsonage in Haworth is a pilgrimage for any Brontë fan. Walk around the sisters’ humble home and enjoy the museum’s regular exhibitions. www.brontë

Mel Sherwood is the editor of Homes and Antiques magazine

At the very moment when his sisters’ dreams were acquiring substance, Branwell was sinking into alcoholism and drug addiction

From these opening moments on, the film sets out to reclaim the Brontës from the tide of twee that has posthumously engulfed them – think ‘Which Bronte are you?’ quizzes and cosy merchandising (Brontë oven mitts, anyone?). By the time the credits roll, their fierceness and the force of their ambition has been restored to them, along with their individuality and with it, their rivalries.

Branwell is his sisters’ equal to start with, but the film is set primarily during the final three years of his short life, and he cuts a squalid, self-pitying figure for much of it. At the very moment when his sisters’ dreams were acquiring substance (1847 saw the publication of Charlotte’s Jane Eyre, Emily’s Wuthering Heights and Anne’s Agnes Grey), Branwell was sinking into alcoholism and drug addiction. And while they were battling to circumvent the sexism of the age, publishing under male pseudonyms, he pinned his hopes for artistic freedom on marrying into a life of leisure. Inevitably, his relationship with his sisters – and theirs with each other – became increasingly challenging.

Family affairs

Hovering in the film’s background is their clever, unusual father, who propelled himself from hardscrabble Ireland to Cambridge University. He carried a loaded pistol with him at all times and yet instilled a passion for literature in his daughters as well as his son. Patrick Brontë was born in County Down in 1777. He was ordained as an Anglican priest in 1806 and met and married middle class Maria Branwell six years later (“my saucy Pat” she calls him in a surviving love letter). A spirited Cornish native, Maria died less than a decade later, having borne six children, five of them in as many years. By then, the family had moved to Haworth, a village on the edge of the Yorkshire Moors.

Sally Wainwright’s To Walk Invisible focuses on Branwell’s descent into alcoholism and drug addiction – and how it affected his sisters (Credit: BBC)

Charlotte, the eldest surviving child, was five when she lost her mother, Branwell was four, Emily three, and Anne not yet two. It’s no surprise that, again and again, mothers are lost young in the sisters’ fiction. Two years later, in 1825, their two elder sisters, Maria and Elizabeth, died within six weeks of one another from tuberculosis contracted while away at school.

Options were limited for a modestly salaried man seeking to educate his daughters, and Charlotte and Emily also boarded at the Clergy Daughters’ School at Cowan Bridge, but it was a harsh place, the inspiration for Jane Eyre’s grim Lowood, where a young Jane goes cold and hungry and falls in with a much-abused classmate named Helen Burns, who was based on Charlotte’s lost sister Maria.

Cumberland Falls State Resort Park

The solid hemlock beams and knotty pine paneling complement the massive stone fireplaces in historic DuPont Lodge, one of the most beautiful state park lodges. Fifty-one rooms offer beautiful views and full amenities including interior corridors. All rooms totally renovated in 2006. Interested in cabins? Don’t forget about the park’s other accommodations, including 25 cabins and cottages and 49 campsites.

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Imagine your event near a wall of water falling 60 feet into a boulder-strewn gorge, a whispering mist that kisses the face and a magical moonbow visible on a clear night under a full moon – a cool attraction you’ll never forget! For more information about hosting a group or wedding CLICK HERE.

Restaurant Hours
Open 7 days a week
Breakfast 7 a.m. - 10 a.m.
Lunch 11 a.m. - 3 p.m.
Dinner 4 p.m. - 7 p.m.

Things to Do
Some of the most memorable birding experiences are hearing the call and catching a glimpse of the Pileated Woodpecker, or the flute-like call of the Wood Thrush. Many species of Wood Warblers pass through the Cumberland Falls area on their way from South America to the Northern States and Canada. Several species of birds can be viewed from our Riverview Restaurant and back patio of the Dupont Lodge. Some of the most common visitors are Carolina Chickadee, White-breasted Nuthatch, Tufted Titmouse, Carolina Wren, Chipping Sparrow, Northern Cardinal, Dark-eyed Junco, House Finch, American Goldfinch, Downy Woodpecker, and Red Bellied Woodpecker.

Camping - Direct phone line: (606) 309-4808
Enjoy the great outdoors in the campground, featuring 50 campsites with electric and water hookups. The campground has a central service building with showers and rest rooms, a grocery, and a dump station. Pets are allowed if restrained. Closed for season from November 1 to March 14.

Enjoy fishing in the Cumberland River, where there is an abundance of bass, catfish, panfish, and roughfish. A Kentucky Fishing License is required. Click here to purchase a license online at KY Dept. of Fish and Wildlife Resources.

Gift Shop

Visit the gift shop, which features a large selection of Kentucky handcrafts. Snack shop is open April 1 - October 31. Gift Shop open year-round.

Gem Mining
Our newest attraction is the Cumberland Falls Mining Company, located at the Falls just past the Gift Shop. Begin your discoveries of real, colorful gemstones and fossils at the gemstone flume. Just place a scoop of rough material on the screen. then rinse with clean water. The gem stones, when wet, will reveal colors and crystal shapes! There are lots of different gemstones to discover! Anything from locally-found Pyrite, Fluorite and Quartz, to Ruby, Moonstone, Topaz, Crystal Points, Sapphire, Emerald, Amethyst, Garnett, Citrine, Aventurine, Obsidian, Sodalite, Calcite and Raspberry Quartz could be found. Sharing the experience of mining at the flume mine is a lot of fun. You can compare finds and help each other to identify what you've found. We invite individuals, families, and groups of all sizes.

Cumberland Falls is a hiker’s paradise with 17 miles of hiking trails that wind through the park to scenic areas. The Moonbow Trail connects with many backpacking trails in the Daniel Boone National Forest. Pets are not permitted within the McCreary County side of Cumberland Falls State Resort Park as this area is within a dedicated Kentucky State Nature Preserve.

Horseback Riding
Cumberland Falls State Resort Park is the perfect destination to introduce the family to the thrill of horseback riding. The park offers guided trail rides that are easy enough for the first timer and still adventurous for the more experienced. Riders, age 6 and up will enjoy a 45-minute ride through an eastern Kentucky forest, beautiful in any season. The stables open weekends in May and are daily after Memorial Weekend until Labor Day. Also open on weekends during Sept. and Oct. Rides start on the hour from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Cost is $20.00 per person. Personal horses are not permitted on the trails at Cumberland Falls State Resort Park, but there are several opportunities to do so in the surrounding area. There are many miles of trails and several horse camps in the nearby Daniel Boone National Forest and The Big South Fork National River and Recreation area.

The picnic area with tables, grills and playgrounds is ideal for family outings. A picnic shelter (without rest rooms) offers tables, grills, water, and electric it may be reserved for rental up to one year in advance.

Open to overnight lodging and campground guests only, Memorial Day Weekend to Labor Day.

Guided rafting trips are offered on the Cumberland River, getting you up close to the giant waterfall at June - Labor Day depending on water levels. Fee charged. Call 800-541-RAFT (7238) or Click here for more information.

Cumberland Falls is one of the few places in the world that regularly produces a moonbow. The “moonbow,” also called a white rainbow or lunar rainbow, is formed just like a rainbow—light is refracted in tiny water droplets—and appears for the two or so days, as long as the sky is clear, on either end of the full moon.

Moonbow Dates 2021
January 26, 27, 28, 29, 30
February 25, 26, 27, 28, 29
March 26, 27, 28, 29, 30
April 24, 25, 26, 27, 28
May 24, 25, 26, 27, 28
June 22, 23, 24, 25, 26
July 21, 22, 23, 24, 25
Aug 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Sept 18, 19, 20, 21, 22
Oct 18, 19, 20, 21, 22
Nov 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
Dec 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

Moonbow Dates 2022
January 15, 16, 17, 18, 19
February 14, 15, 16, 17, 18
March 16, 17, 18, 19, 20
April 14, 15, 16, 17, 18
May 14, 15, 16, 17, 18
June 12, 13, 14, 15, 16
July 9, 10, 13, 14, 15
Aug 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
Sept 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
Oct 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Nov 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Dec 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Moonbow Dates 2023
January 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
February 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
March 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
April 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
May 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
June 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
July 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 30, 31
Aug 1, 2, 3, 27, 28, 30, 31
Sept 1, 27, 28, 29, 30
Oct 1, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30
Nov 25, 26, 27, 28, 29
Dec 24, 25, 26, 27, 28

The barque Brontes

‘San Francisco’s sudden growth after the gold discovery in California sent vessels to Puget Sound for timbers. Cargoes of timber squared for sills, plates, bridge timbers, etc. left Elliot Bay each summer before the Indian uprising of 1855-6.

Among the early vessels, which carried the cargoes prepared for them by the axes of Seattle’s pioneers were the… American bark Brontes.’ [1]

‘In December, 1853, the brig John Davis, sailed from Alki with a cargo of piles and timber, and about the same time the ship Brontes, similarly loaded, sailed from Seattle for the same destination [San Francisco].’ [2]

‘The bark Brontes was loading piles at Seattle when the Indians made a savage attack on the citizens of that place and she was obliged to suspend operations to afford shelter to the terror-stricken people and their effects, which they dared not leave on shore.’ [3]

‘About noon the Indians ceased firing for a short time while they feasted on the beef of the settlers which their women had killed and roasted. During this lull in the fight most of the women and children in the blockhouse were taken on board the Decatur and the bark Brontes, which was then lying in port.’ [4]

‘The bark Brontes was one of the best known lumber traders on the Coast for over a quarter of a century, and was always a profitable vessel… She made her last trip to Honolulu in 1877 arriving there April 20 th in a sinking condition owing to old age. She was condemned and sold, and the man who took her over “never came back”.’ [5]

[1] Charles B. Bagley, History of Seattle Vol. 1, (1916) p. 120
[2] Charles B. Bagley, History of Seattle Vol. 1, (1916) p. 38
[3] Lewis & Dryden’s Marine History of the Pacific Northwest (1895), p. 61
[4] Charles B. Bagley, History of Seattle Vol. 1, (1916) pp. 76-77
[5] Lewis & Dryden’s Marine History of the Pacific Northwest (1895) p. 70

The Brontë Sisters (1818-1855)

Anne, Emily and Charlotte Bronte, c.1834 © Charlotte, Emily and Anne Brontë were sisters and writers whose novels have become classics.

Charlotte was born on 21 April 1816, Emily on 30 July 1818 and Anne on 17 January 1820 all in Thornton, Yorkshire. They had two sisters, both of whom died in childhood and a brother, Branwell. Their father, Patrick, was an Anglican clergyman who was appointed as the rector of the village of Haworth, on the Yorkshire moors. After the death of their mother in 1821, their Aunt Elizabeth came to look after the family.

All three sisters attended different schools at various times as well as being taught at home. The Brontë children were often left alone together in their isolated home and all began to write stories at an early age.

All three sisters were employed at various times as teachers and governesses. In 1842, Charlotte and Emily went to Brussels to improve their French, but had to return home early after the death of their aunt Elizabeth. Charlotte returned to Brussels an English teacher in 1843-1844. By 1845, the family were back together at Haworth. By this stage, Branwell was addicted to drink and drugs.

In May 1846, the sisters published at their own expense a volume of poetry. This was the first use of their pseudonyms Currer (Charlotte), Ellis (Emily) and Acton (Anne) Bell. They all went on to publish novels, with differing levels of success.

Anne's 'Agnes Grey' and Charlotte's 'Jane Eyre' were published in 1847. 'Jane Eyre' was one of the year's best sellers. Anne's second novel, 'The Tenant of Wildfell Hall' and Emily's 'Wuthering Heights' were both published in 1848. 'The Tenant' sold well, but 'Wuthering Heights' did not.

Branwell died of tuberculosis in September 1848. Emily died of the same disease on 19 December 1848 and Anne on 28 May 1849.

Left alone with her father, Charlotte continued to write. She was by now a well-known author and visited London a number of times. 'Shirley' was published in 1849 and 'Villette' in 1853. In 1854, Charlotte married her father's curate, Arthur Nicholls. She died of tuberculosis on 31 March 1855.

Charlotte Brontë born

Charlotte Brontë, the only one of three novelist Brontë sisters to live past age 31, is born.

Brontë, one of six siblings who grew up in a gloomy parsonage in the remote English village of Haworth, surrounded by the marshy moors of Yorkshire. Her mother died when she was five, and Charlotte, her two older sisters, and her younger sister Emily, were sent to Clergy Daughter’s School at Cowan Bridge in Lancashire. The cheap school featured unpalatable food, cold halls and harsh discipline. Charlotte’s two older sisters died of illness while at school, and the grim institution found its way into her masterpiece Jane Eyre (1847).

After their sisters’ deaths, Charlotte and Emily were brought home, where they and their remaining siblings, Anne and Branwell, amused themselves by making up elaborate stories about fantastical worlds. When the girls grew older, they all took governess positions in private homes, and from 1835 to 1838 Charlotte taught in a girls’ school. Meanwhile, she and Emily formed a plan to open their own school, and in 1842 the sisters went to Brussels to study languages and school administration. In Brussels, Charlotte fell in love with the married headmaster, an experience she used as the basis for her last novel, Villette (1853). Returning to the parsonage at Hawthorne, the sisters attempted to set up their own school but could not attract pupils. Meanwhile, their adored brother Branwell had become a heavy drinker and opium user. When Emily got him a job teaching with her at a wealthy manor, he lost both their positions after a tryst with the mother of the house.

In 1846, Charlotte accidentally found some poems written by Emily—it turned out all three sisters had secretly been writing verse. They published their own book, Poems by Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell, adopting a pseudonym because they believed women writers were judged too softly. Only two copies sold, but publishers became interested in the sisters’ work. Charlotte’s Jane Eyre was published in 1847 under the name Currer Bell. Emily’s Wuthering Heights and Anne’s Agnes Grey were published later that year. Sadly, all three of Charlotte’s siblings died within the next two years. Left alone, Charlotte cared for her ill father and married curate Arthur Bell Nicholls in 1854. Charlotte died during pregnancy shortly after the marriage.

Watch the video: Branwell Bronte (January 2022).