Located near a fertile plain in northern Crete and with its own harbour, Malia was one of the major settlements and palaces of the Minoan civilization. Inhabited since Neolithic times (6000 BCE) and with the first evidence of monumental architecture dating to 2200 BCE, the site reached its greatest influence during the palatial periods of c. 1900 BCE to c. 1675 BCE. Following earthquakes and fires, the site became less influential and was finally abandoned c. 1250 BCE.

The original name of the settlement has been lost and the site derives its present name from the nearby modern village of Malia. Suggestions as to the original name are Milatos or Tarmara. In Greek mythology, Malia's first king was Sarpedon (the son of Zeus and Europa), younger brother of Minos of Knossos.

There is also extensive archaeological evidence surrounding the palace site, including a town, smaller palaces and a large cemetery.

Along with Knossos, Phaistos and Zakros, Malia was one of the most important Minoan settlements. The palace complex, covering some 7500 square metres, was perhaps the local administrative, commercial, political and religious centre. There is also extensive archaeological evidence surrounding the palace site, including a town, smaller palaces and a large cemetery. Finds of gold and bronze objects, stone vases, extensive pottery, metal, and ceramic workshops, large vases (pithoi and amphorae) and the presence of Malian seal stones throughout central Crete, strongly suggest Malia was a significant trading and commercial centre.

The palace complex was built in two stages. The first palace, built around 1900 BCE, was destroyed c. 1675 BCE, probably by fire and earthquake. The second palace was built soon after, largely on the plan of the first. This palace was also destroyed, once again, probably by earthquake c. 1450 BCE. With the notable exception of the main courts, it is the remains of the second palace which are visible at the site today. The site has been excavated by the French Archaeological School from 1920 CE to the present and is regarded as a showcase site for modern conservation archaeology.

The splendid palaces included all of the principal features of Minoan palatial architecture such as a large central court, a theatre or performance area, colonnades, light wells, rooms of two stories, storage magazines, and private rooms. The palaces were constructed using local sandstone and limestone blocks with many rooms being plastered and painted, including the floors.

Visible today are the large central court (48m x 23m and originally with porticoes on the north and west sides) with its central sacrificial hearth and four surviving monumental steps along its south side used as a theatre area, probably, as with the other Minoan palaces, for festivals, rituals and bull leaping games; 7 surviving steps of the monumental Grand Staircase; a 90cm diameter offering stone or Kernos; three, 4m wide circular pits used as grain silos, each with a central column base to support the original roof; the Hypostyle Hall with 6 column bases still in situ; the Hypostyle Crypt with its benched walls suggesting its use as a meeting place; and various other halls, apartments and magazines including one room with a well-preserved stone toilet with drainage system.

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Outstanding finds from the site include the celebrated gold bee pendant and ceremonial stone axe in the shape of a panther from the 17th century BCE. These now reside in the archaeological museum in Iraklion, Crete.

Last name: Malia

There are two possible origins for this interesting surname which in various spelling forms is widely recorded. As Mallia or Mallya it is probably a derivation of the ancient Indo - Persian (Islamic) "Malaha", a word denoting nobility or wealth, and typical of ancient baptismal names which were based upon chivalry or religion. When spelt as "Malia" (although there is clearly some overlap) the origin is probably from the early Italian "Malia" a word which descibes one who was a magician but which had a secondary meaning of "Charming" and may have been applied as a baptismal name of endearment. --> Recordings from the church registers of Malta include Maria Mallia who married Carlo Perrotti at Cospicua, Malta on November 6th 1756, and Theresia Mallia, who married Johannes Bonel, also at Cospicua on October 30th 1803. Italian recordings are very late, these include Marianna, the daughter of Corrado and Guiseppa (nee Marca), at Avola, Siracusa, on January 20th 1875. We understand that the Militia Roll of Malta includes several early entries including Johanni Mallia of Xlocc and Culeyoa Mallia of Rabat in addition to the first name bellow. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Luca Mallia of Luqa which was dated 1419 - 1420, in the "Militia Roll (the archives of Mdina Cathedral". during the reign of Pope John XX111, 1410 - 1419. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

© Copyright: Name Origin Research 1980 - 2017

Malia grata Schlegel, 1880

(Locustellidae Ϯ Malia M. grata) Contraction from genus Timalia Horsfield, 1821, babbler "ON AN UNDESCRIBED BIRD OF THE TIMALIA-GROUP MALIA GRATA. . A single skin of this bird was contained in a large collection of birds, made, in 1877, during an expedition to Macassar and the neighbouring isle of Saleyer, under the leading of the well known botanical traveller, Mr. Teysman. The bird in question belongs evidently to the group of the Timaliae, strongly characterized like the whole tribe of Formicivorae to which it belongs by the vaulded form of the tail, a characteristic which is found back in the owls in a most remarkable way. In vain have I tried to find for the apparently unknown species a place in one of the numerous genera established in favor of the Timalia-group. It deviates from all of them in its general appearance, by its coloring, and by other modifications in the bill, wings and legs. It will be seen from the following measures, that the Malia grata is a species of a very considerable size, that the wings are remarkably short, with the secondaries almost as long as the primaries, that tibia and tarsus are much elongated, that the hind-toes is long, that all the toes are provided with vigorous claws, and that the bill is only moderately developed." (Schlegel 1880) "Malia Schlegel, 1880, Notes Leyden Mus., 2, p. 165. Type, by monotypy, Malia grata Schlegel." (Deignan in Peters 1964, X, 427).

US Popularity of Malia Over Time

Sister & Brother Names

Know a Malia? What are her siblings named?

Name Lists Featuring Malia

Contribute your knowledge to the name Malia

Mia, Lee-Lee, M, Lia, Mel, Eeuh, Eeah, Moomoo, Malay, Maleelee, Mali, Mal, Mals.

Meanings and history of the name Malia

Hawaiian form of Mary.
Zuni Indian form of Maria
Swahili: The Queen

Famous real-life people named Malia

Malia Obama - 1st daughter of the president.
Malia Mills - swimwear designer from Hawaii.
Malia Jones - beautiful model and surfer.

Malia in song, story & screen

Malia, a godlike antagonist from the image comic book series "The Sword"
Malia Gedde from the point-and-click adventure "Gabriel Knight"
Malia Waincroft from Hawaii Five-O
Malia, a minor character in the YA science fiction novel "Bumped"
Malia, a character in the E. E. Knight book "The Vampire Earth"
Malia Tate - From MTV's Teen Wolf (Played by Shelley Henning)

Mali — History and Culture

Mali may be one of the world’s poorest countries today, but was one of Africa’s mightiest empires in its glory days. The Malian people are justifiably proud of their country’s history and diverse cultures able to peacefully interact with each other. The nomadic desert lifestyle of Northern Mali’s Maure and Tuareg tribes has remained relatively unchanged for centuries.


Mali’s recorded history began with the Ghana Empire, which extended across the borders of present-day Mali and Mauritania during the 4th and 11th centuries. The Ghana Empire’s golden age began after camels were domesticated and able to transport salt, gold and ivory as far as the Middle East, North Africa and even Europe. Bamako’s National Museum of Mali (Kati) provides the most detailed displays of the country’s rich history.

It is unclear exactly when the Ghana Empire became part of the much larger Mali Empire, but by the early 14th century, Mali was one of Africa’s largest gold suppliers and most powerful states. Timbuktu became the leading center of Islamic education, with no fewer than 180 religious schools, three universities and countless private libraries. The largest library on Earth was once housed inside the Djinguereber Mosque (Askia Mohamed Boulevard, Timbuktu), one of Timbuktu’s few surviving landmarks from the golden era.

Timbuktu’s prominence and prosperity increased even further after Emperor Mansa Musa I brought a slew of gold and slaves to Mecca in 1324, but the Songhai Empire from present-day Nigeria eventually displaced them by the late 15th century. The Moroccan army, who defeated the Songhai by 1590, could not hold the area for very long, and Mali eventually split into several smaller states.

European sea routes to the New World further diminished the importance of trans-Saharan trade. By the time Mali became part of French West Africa in 1895, the region experienced several Fulani and Tuareg invasions. Between WWI and WWII, trade unions and student groups led an independence movement which eventually resulted in the Federation of Mali becoming an independent nation in 1960. Senegal, originally part of the Federation of Mali, became a separate country shortly afterward.

Mali’s first president, Modibo Keita, a descendant of the country’s powerful empires, imposed his own one-party state which a bloodless military coup overthrew in 1968. Drought and political protests brought further poverty and instability during the 1970's and 80's. Mali finally became a multiparty democracy in 1992, the year Alpha Oumar Konaré became the country’s first fairly elected president.

Years of conflict between Mali’s military and the country’s Tuareg nomads came to a head in 2012, when Tuareg and Islamist forces led an uprising against President Touré. The Islamist groups seized control of northern Mali including Timbuktu and imposed Sharia law. The country once again faces an uncertain future following one of the most unstable decades in recent history.


From the nomadic Tuareg, Fulani, Bozo fishers, Bambara, and Dogon farmers, each of Mali’s dozens of ethnic groups have their own unique languages and history, yet generally interact amicably with each other. Each of these has passed down their own traditions, history and occupations over the centuries. Malian music and literature have both been heavily influenced by longtime oral storytelling. Traditional storytellers called griots often perform at weddings and other special events.

The colorful flowing robes many locals wear are called boubout, but handmade cotton mud cloth fabric also plays an important role in Mali’s culture and economy. Although most of the population is Muslim, Christian holidays are also observed and businesses close for half days on Friday and Sunday, as well as all day on Saturday's. Most Malians are respectful to visitors who give equal respect to their religious and cultural beliefs.


Malia was born in the fall of the mid-1990s to the Werecoyote assassin known as the Desert Wolf and a Werewolf, Peter Hale. However, the circumstances of her birth remain a mystery. What is known is that she was adopted by Henry and Evelyn Tate and that Peter's memories of Malia's birth were taken from him by his sister Talia with the Werewolf memory sharing ritual. ( " Letharia Vulpina " ), ( " Weaponized " ) Malia was raised at the Tate Family's ranch, and her adoptive parents eventually had a biological daughter, Kylie Tate, some time later.

When Malia was around nine years old, she got into a fight with her mother and sister one full moon night before they were getting ready to leave the house on an errand. To this day, Malia cannot remember what the fight was about—all she can recall is that, in her anger, she told them, "I wish you were all dead." While Evelyn was driving their car through the back roads of Beacon Hills, the Desert Wolf appeared in the middle of the road and began to shoot at them, which frightened her so much that she reflexively jerked the wheel away and drove into the nearby nature preserve.

The known details of what follows are still vague as well, but it can be assumed that the stress of the shooting and the detour, in conjunction with the full moon, caused Malia to transform into a full coyote the first time out of stress, which either caused the wreck in the woods or was the result of it. It can also be assumed, due to Malia's blue eyes, that she was so overcome by the effects of her first full moon that she killed her mother and sister before running deeper into the woods, where she would live as a coyote for the next eight years out of guilt for her actions. It took three days before anyone even found the scene of the car crash.

Below Deck: The backlash against Malia White is justified

Now that we have all had a day to digest what happened on Below Deck Mediterranean this week between Malia White, Hannah Ferrier, and Sandy Yawn, let’s break it down a little more. People are (rightfully) outraged at how things went down between the crew members, and mostly at Malia and Sandy. Christine “Bugsy” Drake isn’t exempt, either.

Hannah has been around the yacht club block as far as experience goes, which is why she was chief stew. This position, along with bosun, usually requires more experience and maturity than some of the other positions.

If Sandy was more focused on the crew as a whole and the experience of the next charter, she should have probably told the group to get over themselves and get back to work. Rearranging rooms and beds for relationships isn’t usually a priority.

Malia was mad that Hannah refused to switch rooms so she could be with her boyfriend, went into her purse to snoop, and went to Sandy with what she found.

#BelowDeck bosun Malia White discusses why she reported Hannah Ferrier for taking Valium while at sea &rarr

&mdash WWHL (@BravoWWHL) August 11, 2020

What she found was a prescription from a doctor in Hannah’s name. For all that she talking about at the start, wanting respect and the empowerment of women in positions of power, the whole thing was a huge step in the wrong direction.

The behavior exhibited by Malia, Bugsy, and Sandy was the kind of behavior that they seemed to be working against at first. The catty, back-stabbing, immature stuff that they were trying to separate themselves from became exactly what they were doing. At the start, the group was focused on being professional. That went out the window as soon as Malia didn’t get to bunk with her boyfriend.

We didn’t get to see the rest of the conversation between Hannah and Sandy, but it will presumably be one-sided as Sandy seems to have made up her mind based on Malia’s opinions.

Unfortunately, the backlash against Malia is justified. Those who suffer from issues that require medication to help control it already have it hard enough. The stigma around medication, anxiety, and mental health, in general, is terrifying as it is.

Now, Hannah is going to get fired on national television for something she is working with a doctor to get under control? That’s a bad look, and the backlash isn’t over yet since Malia seems anything but remorseful.

Below Deck Mediterranean is on Bravo Monday nights at 9 PM ET!

History's Locomotives: The Intellectual Legacy of Martin Malia

Terence Emmons, Professor Emeritus of History, Stanford University David Goldfrank, Professor, Department of History, Georgetown University Norman Pereira, Professor Emeritus of History and Russian Studies, Dalhousie University Hugh Ragsdale, independent scholar

Date & Time

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Martin Malia left a lasting legacy as a scholar and educator in the field of Russian studies, according to a panel of historians convened by the Kennan Institute. Along with Richard Pipes and Leopold Haimson, Malia is commonly considered to be among the most influential American historians of Russia of his generation. He is known for his strongly held view that Russia belongs to European civilization and for his belief of the idea that a cultural gradient spans from west to east across the European continent.

David Goldfrank, Professor, Department of History, Georgetown University, called Malia's first book, Alexander Herzen and the Birth of Russian Socialism, 1812–1855, a major contribution to the study of Russian history in the United States. Had Malia only written this book, Goldfrank stated, he would still qualify as a major historian of Imperial Russia and of Russian intellectual history. In the book, Malia combined a running commentary on Herzen's memoirs and works with incisive explanations of the ideas of both Herzen's contemporary Russian intellectuals, and, more importantly, their major European sources of inspiration. In that sense, the book was able to place the Russian Revolution into a wider context of other revolutions in Europe.

As all observers of Malia's career have noted, Goldfrank stated, his subsequent books are intimately connected. Malia's two books The Soviet Tragedy and Russia under Western Eyes focused on the paradox of the working out of successive Western intellectual and cultural influences in Russia, a country whose institutional configuration and political culture at the start of such influences were despotic. As such, Goldfrank, along with others, interprets them as part of Malia's constant struggle with revisionists. Malia's continued polemics with the revisionist school of Russian history defined his career and eventually led him to call for historians to reassess the methodological and ideological assumptions that underlay their work.

Norman Pereira, Professor Emeritus of History and Russian Studies, Dalhousie University, who was a student of Malia's, discussed his legacy as an educator and his career as a scholar. After studying under Michael Karpovich at Harvard University, Malia moved to the University of California, Berkeley. From Karpovich, Pereira observed, Malia gained several ideas that stuck with him throughout his career: that Russia had been an integral part of Europe since at least the 18th century that the systemic collapse of 1917 was attributable to governmental incompetence that World War I was a decisive and catastrophic event in Russian history and that ideology and politics were central to the Soviet experience.

According to Pereira, Malia's students were a diverse group ideologically, a situation facilitated by his liberal outlook on intellectual debate. Echoing Goldfrank, Pereira noted that Malia's first book was followed by a long silence, caused in part by his disillusionment with the "revisionist" direction of the field. During this period, he accepted an invitation to spend time at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. In 1980, colleagues persuaded him to have a collection of his lectures published in French.

Pereira summarized Malia's views of the Russian Revolution: first, Lenin's party theory provided the missing link in the Marxist vision of revolution, providing a vanguard for action second, Communism followed Marx's vision of socialism as "non-capitalism," which included the suppression of private property third, the alternative to Stalin was not the ideas of a figure like Nikolai Bukharin, but rather a demolition of the system as a whole fourth, the Great Purges of 1936–37 were not an aberrant rampage, they were rather the genuine functioning of the Soviet system, masking the gap between reality and ideology and finally, there would be no second socialist revolution after 1789 all attempts to bring it about would result in massive repression.

Hugh Ragsdale, independent scholar, provided a chronological summary of Malia's major works. In Alexander Herzen and the Birth of Russian Socialism, Malia discussed the problem of why the radical political ideology of socialism arose in perhaps the most socio-economically backward major European country. According to Ragsdale, Malia addressed this issue in part by applying de Tocqueville's ideas on the roots of the French Revolution, most notably, the gulf between intellectuals and those people who actually engage in practical politics. By highlighting a similar disconnect in Russia, argued Ragsdale, Malia demonstrated that the Russian idea of freedom was only plausible in the imaginative preoccupation of the intellectual, which led naturally to a kind of teleology of socialism.

Ragsdale reviewed Malia's next scholarly success, the book Comprendre la revolution russe, which analyzed the events surrounding the Bolshevik Revolution and Russia's failure to reach a liberal breakthrough of the English type or a conservative breakthrough of the Prussian type. In assessing The Soviet Tragedy, Ragsdale argued that Malia focused too much on the ideological nature of the Soviet experience without taking into account other factors, such as the influence of traditional tsarist autocracy. In Russia under Western Eyes, Ragsdale discussed how Malia used the idea of a cultural gradient in Europe, an idea that was influenced by Alexander Gerschenkron's postulation of the existence of an economic gradient running from east to west across Europe. Ragsdale agreed that a gradient undeniably exists and said Malia was correct in his emphasis on the importance of culture in determining outcomes. Ragsdale argued, however, that in Russia's case, this gradient was emphatically material as well cultural and ran both north to south and east to west. Another element of the cultural gradient theory that Ragsdale noted as troubling was its inclusion of Russia as an intrinsic part of Europe. Ragsdale objected that while Russia is ethnically and linguistically a part of Europe, psychologically and anthropologically it is not. If a country "westernizes," Ragsdale argued, then it is by definition not part of the West. Russia pioneered the experience of Westernization, Ragsdale added.

Malia's final book, History's Locomotives: Revolutions and the Making of the Modern World, was praised by Ragsdale for explaining the medieval concept of society correctly and for accurately defining the term "revolution" in the early modern and late modern contexts as a return to origins and as an overthrow. Ragsdale criticized the book, however, for being Eurocentric and for not taking into account what he believes are some of the most important revolutions in world history. Ragsdale also took issue with the book's notion of the West as the leading force of progress in the world. In conclusion, Ragsdale stated that Malia's terminology and criteria in the book apply most productively to a much broader world than the European dimension to which Malia limited it.

Terence Emmons, Professor Emeritus of History, Stanford University, recounted a personal recollection about being Malia's research assistant from his student days. The book manuscript for Russia under Western Eyes began as a conference paper in the 1960s. It eventually appeared as a book in 1999, but only after several rounds of revisions and updates that took into account the various changes taking place in the Soviet Union in the 1970s and 1980s. History's Locomotives was edited and prepared for publication by Emmons, who said the book aspired to place the Bolshevik Revolution in the longue durée of European revolutionary history. Malia's idea was that the revolutionary process began in the 15th century with the Hussite uprising in what would later become the Czech republic. The book proceeded to trace the path of history through the Atlantic revolutions—the English, French, and American—and finally the socialist revolutionary movements between 1848 and 1917. Malia saw a progressive radicalization of the European revolutionary process.

Emmons noted that Malia was particularly interested in European politics and ideology, arguing that the two single most important events in the development of that ideology were the rise of the Bolsheviks in 1917 and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Emmons asserted that the book would have included the spread of Leninist ideology beyond Europe after 1917 and the rise of fascist movements in Europe and elsewhere, if Malia had lived longer. Although the book has received limited notice in the popular and academic media, Emmons said he thought the book told a grand narrative of history and made numerous interesting observations about European history.

Joseph Barboza worked as a hitman in Boston and other parts of New England for the Patriarca crime family in the 1960s. His family was Portuguese, and Barboza became a skilled chef, specializing in Portuguese cuisine. He also had a brief career as a light heavyweight boxer before he turned his attention to murder.

Barboza served a stint in prison in Massachusetts in the early 1950s, and became involved with the Patriarca organized crime family while he was behind bars. The mob was attracted to Barboza&rsquos violent demeanor and his ability to carry out a contract killing with no hassle. However, he could never be officially inducted into the Patriarca mob because of his Portuguese heritage. Barboza was also allied with the Winter Hill Gang out of Boston.

Barboza had a falling out with the Patriarca family in the late 1960s. While imprisoned on a murder charge in the summer of 1967, Barboza felt he only had one option left. He agreed to cooperate with the FBI and talk about what he knew about organized crime in New England. He became one of the first people to enter the Witness Protection Program. He testified against his former boss in court, and his former associates were furious. Barboza&rsquos testimony led to the imprisonment of 6 men, with 4 of them receiving death sentences.

Barboza moved to northern California to start a new life. Unfortunately for him, he couldn&rsquot stay out of trouble, and he was arrested for second-degree murder in 1971 and sent to Folsom Prison. Barboza was paroled in 1975 and changed his name to &ldquoJoseph Donati.&rdquo Eventually, vengeful Boston gangsters from his past tracked him down. On February 11, 1976, Barboza was shot and killed while leaving a friend&rsquos apartment in San Francisco.