The lifestyle of Northwest Indians reflected the abundance of natural resources they found in the area.Transportation mostly consisted of canoes made from a tree trunk hollowed out by fire and tools. Transportation was not a key element of Northwest life, however, because the abundance of resources allowed people to settle permanently.Villages were often located at the mouths of streams for easy access to fishing grounds. Each nuclear family was given its own cooking area, but households often cooperated by obtaining and preparing food.Food preparation was a time-consuming affair by today's standards. Plant foods were wrapped in leaves or bark and cooked in an earthen oven, which consisted of a hole in the ground that was heated with hot stones.Clothing was most often fashioned from shredded cedar bark. Affluent families would flatten the heads of their infants' heads with a board, as a mark of beauty and nobility.
See Indian Wars Time Table.